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THIS BOOK IS PRESENT 

IN OUR LIBRARY 

THROUGH THE 

GENEROUS 

CONTRIBUTIONS OF 

ST. MICHAEL'S ALUMNI 

TO THE VARSITY 

FUND 



To The Citizens of Toronto 
Past and Present 




THE MUNICIPALITY 
OF TORONTO a history 



"Generation after generation taket to itself the Form of a body; and 
forth issuing from Cimmerian Night on Heaven's mission appears. What 
force and fire Is in each he expends: one grinding in the mill of Industry; one 
hunter like climbing the giddy Alpine heights of Science; one madly dashed 
in pieces on the rocks of Strife, in war with his fellow: — and then the fleaven- 
sent is recalled; his earthly vesture falls away, and soon even to Sense becomes 
a vanished Shadow. Thus, like some wild-flaming, wild-thundering train of 
Heaven's artillery does this mysterious Mankind thunder and flame, in long- 
drawn, quick-eucceeding grandeur, through the unknown Deep." — Carlyle 



Copyright, 1923 
Copyright, Canada, 1923 



THE MUNICIPALITY 
OF TORONTO a history 




Biographical and Genealogical 



Volume III. 



THE DOMINION PUBLISHING COMPANY 

TORONTO and NEW YORK 

1923 




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BIOGRAPHICAL 



65 



EMERSON COATSWORTH, K.C.— Among the 
remost representatives of the legal profession in 
oronto is Emerson Coatsworth, K.C., senior county 
idge, formerly head of the firm of Coatsworth & Rich- 
■dson, who for more than thirty-five years practiced 
w in Toronto prior to his appointment as county judge. 
Judge Coatsworth is of English and Scotch origin, 
id was born in Toronto, March 9, 1854, son of the late 
merson C. Coatsworth, city commissioner for Toronto, 
id Janet (Taylor) Coatsworth. He received his early 
lucation in the public schools of Toronto, and the 
ritisl American Commercial College, and later attended 
le Law School of the Upper Canada Law Society; 
as called to the bar. May, 1879, and in 1886, on exam- 
lation, was granted the degree of Bachelor of Laws by 
le Toronto University. In 1908 he was created a King s 
junsel, and appointed junior county judge, March, 
914, and senior county judge, July, 1919. He had a large 
nd important practice in Toronto. During the long 
eriod of his practice in Toronto he had the confidence 
nd esteem of the people of Toronto in the highest degree, 
nd made for himself a place among the foremost repre- 
entatives of his profession in this city Along with his 
umerous and exacting responsibilities as senior member 
f his firm, and as senior judge of the county bench, 
e has assumed various other connections and obliga- 
ions, the duties of which he has discharged with faith- 
ilness and efficiency. He was a member of the board 
f directors of the Continental Life Insurance Company, 
nd of the Toronto Exhibition Association; a governor 
f the Victoria Industrial Schools Association; one of 
he conveners of the Western Municipal Niagara Power 
Inion, 1906; chairman of the Muir Memorial Committee, 
906 ; served as vice-president and president of the Union 
f Canadian Municipalities, 1906-07; vice-president of 
he American League of Municipalities, 1907; and he has 
Iso served as honorary president of the Yorkshire 
iociety of Toronto, and is honorary president of the 
?hornhill Golf and Country Club. 

With all these manifold activities and responsibilities, 
udge Coatsworth has found time for eminently efficient 
ervice in public office. Politically he is a Conservative 
if a pronounced type, and from 1891 to 1896 he represent- 
:d East Toronto in the House of Commons. He was 
ilected to serve as alderman in 1904-05; was mayor of 
r oronto in 1906-07; and chairman of the board of 
icense commissioners for Toronto for eight years, 1908- 
.5. Nor do these numerous activities represent all of the 
orms of service rendered by Judge Coatsworth. He 
vas for fifteen years superintendent of Berkeley Street 
iklethodist Sabbath School, and an official of that church 
or over forty years, and is an active supporter of the 
;emperance cause, and has given of his time, of his 
ibility, and his means for the furtherance of innumerable 
mterprises for the advancement of the public welfare. 
He is a Mason, an Orangeman, member of the Albany 
Club, Royal Canadian Yacht Club, Don Rowing Club, 
ind the Thornhill Golf and Country Club. Judge 
Coatsworth is honored as "one of the ablest and most 
'aithful of representatives," and his place in the esteem 
of his fellow-citizens is among the foremost. 

Judge Coatsworth married, in 1883, Helen Robertson, 
daughter of the late John Robertson, of De Cew Falls, 
Ontario, and they are the parents of two sons and two 
daughters. Judge and Mrs. Coatsworth still reside at 
their beautiful home located at No. 1 May Square, 
Toronto. 

COLONEL HERBERT ALEXANDER BRUCE, 
A.M.S., C.A.M.C, M.D., L.R.C.P., r.R.C.S. (ENG.) 

—Colonel Herbert Alexander Bruce is a surgeon of 
international reputation, whose career is intimately 



linked with Toronto's history. Devoted service in 
normal times have brought him the recognition and 
honors of a noble calling, and equally devoted and timely 
aid to the Allied cause won him colonel's rank in the 
British army. 

Dr. Bruce is a son of Stewart and Isabella (Morrow) 
Bruce, and was born in Blackstock, Durham county, 
Ontario, September 28, 1868. He attended Port Perry 
High School, preparing for the University of Toronto, 
whence he was graduated M.D. in 1892, receiving the 
gold medal and the Starr Silver Medal. His later studies 
were pursued in University College, London, England, 
and in the universities, hospitals, and clinics of Paris, 
Berlin and Vienna. In 1906 he became a fellow of the 
Royal College of Surgeons of England, in the same year 
becoming a licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians. 
For one year alter the completion of his regular pro- 
fessional training he was house surgeon in the Toronto 
General Hospital, and the following year was spent at 
sea as surgeon on the "Empress ot India," running from 
Vancouver to China. At this time he passed a few 
months in travel in Egypt and the Holy Land, and also 
attended clinics in the European centers of professional 
learning. He was appointed associate professor of 
Clinical Surgery at the University ot Toronto in 1897, 
returning to this city in July of that year to assume the 
duties of that office and to begin practice. For several 
years he was surgeon at St. Michael's Hospital, and 
since 1909 he has been chief of one of the surgical services 
of the Toronto General Hospital. In 1911-12 he was 
president of the Ontario Medical Association, and he is 
now a member of the British Medical Association, fellow 
of the American Surgical Association, and a member 
of the Canadian Medical Association. 

In 1909 Dr. Bruce was present at the International 
Congress ot Medicine held at Budapest, and in 1915 
he was vice-president of the Congress of Surgeons of 
North America. He was president of the Academy of 
Medicine of Toronto in 1916, and since 1913 has been 
regent of the American College of Surgeons. He is an 
international figure in surgery, and has contributed 
articles on surgical subjects to various medical journals. 
Early in the Great World War, Dr. Bruce offered his 
services to the Allies, and was attached to the Canadian 
Army Medical Corps, Expeditionary Forces, in 1915, 
serving on the staffs of the Red Cross Hospital at Taplow, 
and the Canadian General Hospital, No. 2, at Le Treport, 
France, during part of the summer of 1915. Instructed 
by the Honorable, the Minister of Militia and Defence 
for Canada, the late Lieutenant-General Sir Sam Hughes, 
K.C.B., to make an investigation into the work of the 
Canadian Army Medical Service overseas, to report 
on its efficiency and to make recommendations for ita 
improvement, he was appointed inspector general of the 
Canadian Army Medical Service in July, 1916. He 
caused the appointment of a committee of five officers, 
four army medical men and one military layman, officers 
ot long and complete experience, who loyally gave co- 
operation in his work. After tremendous labors the report 
was completed and was presented to the Canadian 
Government, September 20, 1916. The "Bruce Report," 
as it became known, created a great amount of newspaper 
discussion, for, although it was intended by Colonel 
Bnice as a confidential document, its contents unfortun- 
ately became known. It was a most searching and 
complete summary of the existing situation, and the 
defects uncovered were so numerous and serious that the 
complete re-organization of the Canadian Army Medical 
Service from "top to bottom" was recommended. It 
resulted in grievous offense to the powers in office, 
and Colonel Bruce resigned from the Canadian Service, 
January 1, 1917. The usual investigating board wm 



66 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



lormed, and it "white-washed" the find: ^f Colonel 
Bruce and his associates. However, in Cue succeeding 
year, Colonel Bruce had the sati=' .^i,ion of observing the 
adoption of everyone of the twenty-four recommenda- 
tions offered in the report. He received the most kindly 
recognition in the Army Medical Service of Great 
Britain, and for two years filled the important post of 
consulting surgeon to the British armies in France. 
From a professional standpoint, this was a post of 
exceptional honor, since there were but twelve consulting 
surgeons with Field Marshal Haig's vast army. In 
February, 1917, Colonel Bruce received an invitation 
from the Hon. Newton D. Baker, United States Secretarjr 
of War, to visit Washington and to address the Council 
of National Defence on the subject of medical organiza- 
tion. Accepting this invitation, he placed before that 
council valuable information and advice. In the summer 
of 1918 Colonel Bruce was one of the three representa- 
tives of Great Britain in attendance at the American 
Medical Congress of Chicago. His associates were Sir 
James MacKenzie, representing the medical profession 
of England, and Sir Arbuthnot Lane, one of the consult- 
ing surgeons of the British Medical Service in England. 

Colonel Bruce served with the British army until 
after the armistice, when, returning to Toronto, he 
resumed his place in professional activities. He then 
published the details surrounding the Bruce report 
controversy in a volume entitled "Politics and the 
Canadian Army Medical Corps," a history of intrigue, 
containing many facts omitted from the government's 
official records, showing how efforts at rehabilitation were 
balked. Dr. Bruce's story was supported by documentary 
evidence in a manner so clear and convincing that his 
position is firmly and honorably established. Dr. Bruce 
returned to his many professional associations in Toron- 
to at the close of the war and there continues his work. 
He lives in his profession as few men are privileged to 
live in the tasks that are theirs, and humanity benefits 
through his absorbed devotion. 

Dr. Bruce is a member of the York Club, Toronto 
Golf Club, Rosedale Golf Club, the British Emi)ire 
Club (London), and the Canadian Club. In riding 
and golf he finds enjoyable recreation from wearing 
professional cares. In politics he is a Conservative; 
nis church is the Anglican. 

Dr. Bruce married, February 3, 1919, Angela Hall, 
daughter of H. B. Hall, of Cornwall, England. They are 
the parents of one son, Herbert Maxwell, born February 
24, 1920. 

FALCONBRIDGE FAMILY— John Kennedy Fal- 
conbridge was born in 1819 at Lame, County Antrim, 
Ireland. His father, William Falconbridge, was a mem- 
ber of a family long established at Bristol, England, and his 
mother, Mary Glenholme Falconbridge, was the author 
of "Veritas Vincit, or Incidents of Real Lite," published 
at Dublin in 1827. His uncle was Alexander Falcon- 
bridge, author of "An Account of the Slave Trade on the 
Coast of Africa," published at London in 1788, who 
under a commission from the St. George's Bay Com- 
pany (incorporated as the Sierra Leone Company), 
founded Granville Town, Sierra Leone, in 1791, and 
planned the establishment of Freetown in 1792. 

John Kennedy Falconbridge came from Ireland to 
Canada in 1837, taking up his residence with his uncle, 
Samuel Falconbridge, postmaster and merchant at 
Drummondville (now Niagara Falls), Upper Canada. 
He soon began business on his own account at Bradford, 
and subsequently moved to Richmond Hill. There, 
having retired from business comparatively early in 
life, he remained until his death in 1894. He was a 
man of literary and artistic tastes, reading widely and 



doing some creditable amateur work in oils and wate 
colors. A Conservative in politics, he would neve 
consent to be a candidate for any public office, but fo 
some years he discharged the duties of a justice of th 
peace. 

In 1845 Mr. Falconbridge married Sarah, daughter o 
Robert Fralick, who was of United Empire Loyalia 
descent, being a grandson of Abigail Seabury, wife o 
Gilbert Van Wyck, and half-sister of the Rt. Re\ 
Samuel Seabury, Bishop of Connecticut and first Anglica: 
Bishop in America. The only son of Mr. Falconbridg 
by his first marriage was William Glenholme Falcon 
bridge, afterward known as the Hon. Sir Glenholm 
Falconbridge. His second wife was Elisa, daughter c 
James Dugan, of Articlave, Coleraine, Ireland, an 
their children are: Margaretta Falconbridge and Jame 
Dugan Falconbridge, both of Toronto. 

William Glenholme Falconbridge, son of John Kenned; 
and Sarah (Fralick) Falconbridge, was bom at Drum 
mondville, Upper Canada, May 12, 1846. He attend© 
the Richmond Hill County Grammar School; the Barri 
Grammar School; the Upper Canada Model Gramma 
School; and in 1862 entered the University College 
Toronto. At the University of Toronto he took th 
courses in classics and modern languages, obtain© 
scholarships and prizes in all years, and was gold medal 
listin modern languages on his graduation in 1866. H 
took his Master oi Arts degree in 1871. After his gradua 
tion he was professor of modern languages, Yarmout' 
Seminary, Nova Scotia, for one year (1866-7), and the: 
lecturer in Italian and Spanish, University College 
Toronto (1867-8). He was examiner in the University o 
Toronto for several years, registrar 1872-1881, and 
member of the Senate 1881-1896. 

In 1871 Mr. Falconbridge was called to the bar o 
Ontario and admitted as a solicitor. He joined th 
firm of Harrison, Osier & Moss (its members afterwan 
becoming Chief Justice Harrison, Mr. Justice Oslei 
Chief Justice Thomas Moss and Sir Charles Moss] 
Until he was appointed to the bench, he continued ti 
practice as a member of that firm and its successors — th 
firm becoming Bethune, Osier & Moss, in 1875; Bethune 
Moss, Falconbridge & Hoyles, in 1879; and in 1883 
adopting the dual title of Moss, Falconbridge & Barwich 
and Moss, Hoyles & Aylesworth. He was elected i 
bencher of the Law Society in 1883, and was appointe( 
Queen's Counsel in 1885. In the days when commoi 
law and equity were administered separately. Mi 
Falconbridge's practice was largely devoted to tb 
common law side, and his greatest successes at the ba 
were obtained in jury cases. In this class of cases he hai 
profited by the valuable experience acquired when actinj 
as junior counsel with Mr. Harrison. He might have beei 
an outstanding counsel in criminal cases, but at an earl; 
stage in his career he decided to confine himself to civi 
cases. 

On November 21, 1887, Mr. Falconbridge was appoint 
ed by the government of Sir John A. Macdonald as i 
judge of the Queen's Bench Division of the High Cour 
of Justice, in the place of the Hon. John Douglas Armour 
who had been promoted to be Chief Justice of th( 
Queen's Bench. On July 3, 1900, when Chief Justici 
Armour became Chief Justice of Ontario, Mr. Justio 
Falconbridge was appointed Chief Justice of the Queen'i 
Bench. His title became that of Chief Justice of thi 
King's Bench on the accession of Edward VII., and 
owing to the abolition of the King's Bench Divisioi 
as a result of the reorganization of the Ontario court 
in 1913, he was the last to bear that title in Ontario 
On June 26, 1908, he was knighted, and was thereaftei 
known as Sir Glenholme Falconbridge. During hii 
judicial career he was a member of several royal com 



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BIOGRAPHICAL 



67 



ssions, notably that appointed in 1903 to investigate 
arges of bribery oi members of the Ontario Legislature. 
1916 he became by seniority the president of the High 
)urt Division of the Supreme Court of Ontario. 
As a judge Sir Glenholme Falconbridge was at his 
st when presiding at a trial with a jury, and he always 
eferred trial work and going on circuit to appellate 
>rk, though for one year he took his turn as president 
the second Appellate Division of the Supreme Court 

Ontario. He seldom WTote elaborate judgments, 
ually going to the point in a few words, but he v/as a 
ister of good English, and on occasion would adorn 
commonplace subject with a few skillful phrases. As 
;rial judge he was regarded as having a sound judgment, 
d an almost unerrinc instinct for arriving at a right 
nclusion with regard to disputed questions of fact. 
1 the bench he had an enviable reputation for patience 
d openmindedness, and for courtesy to counsel and 
tnesses. 

Outside of his judicial work. Sir Glenholme wrote little 
• publication, but he produced some metrical trans- 
;ions of Greek and Latin poets, and he was the author 
the introduction to the Canadian edition of Burke's 
orks, published by Morang in 1901. He was a member 
the Toronto Public Library Board, and for some tiine 
, president. He was also president of the Ontario 
sh and Game Protective Association; president, during 
e late war, of the Ontario branch of the Secours 
ational; president of the Toronto Club; and occupant 

other public positions. All his life he was a keen 
ortsman, and he was widely known as a skillful and 
thusiastic fisherman. It wa? always with undisguised 
gerness that each spring he looked forward to the 
lening of the fishing season. 

After a short illness, Sir Glenholme died on February 
1920, little more than a week after he had presided at 
e Toronto Jury Assizes. Two days later an impressive 
ibute to his memory was paid, when the funeral service 
IS held in the atrium of Osgoode Hall, under the dir- 
tion of the Benchers of the Law Society of Upper 
inada. The judges and benchers attended in their 
bes, and, in addition to representatives of the Dominion 
id the Province and various public bodies, a great num- 
ir of members of the bar and other friends were present 

pay their last respects. The service was read by 
inon Plumptre, rector of St. James' Cathedral, and 
e Chief Justice was buried in St. James' Cemetery. 
On April 15, 1873, Mr. Falconbridge married, at St. 
ike's Anglican Church, Toronto, Mary Phoebe 
illivan, youngest daughter of the Hon. Robert Baldwin 
illivan, a former mayor of the city of Toronto, and 
ccessively member of the Legislative Council and 
xecutive Council of the Province of Canada, judge of 
le Court of Queen's Bench, and judge of the Court 

Common Pleas. 

Sir Glenholme and Lady Falconbridge had seven child- 
n: 1. Madeleine St. George, who was married, in 
$94, to Arthur Whyte Anglin, K.C., of Toronto, son 

the late Hon. Timothy Warren Anglin, sometime 
jeaker of the House of Commons of Canada. 2. 
)hn Delatre, of whom further. 3. Francis Hincks, 
am in 1876, died in 1877. 4. Evelyn Mary, who died 
1 1909; she married, in 1903, Vincent James Hughes, 
' Montreal, son of the late Bernard B. Hughes. 5. Emily, 
ho married, in 1903, Robert Cassels, of Toronto, son 
■ the late James McNab Cassels, M.D., of Bedford, 
uebec. 6. Adele, who married (first) in 1903, Cawthra 
tulock, of Toronto, son of the Hon. Sir William Mulock, 
;.C., M.G., Chief Justice of the Exchequer, and (second) 
1 1920, Major Thomas Moss, of Toronto, and London, 
Ingland, barrister, son of the late Hon. Sir Charles 
loss. Chief Justice of Ontario. 7. Aimee, who married. 



in 1908, Lieutenant-Colonel David Douglas Young, 
son of Lieutenant-Colonel David Douglas Young. 

John Delatre Falconbridge, only surviving son of 
Sir Glenholme Falconbridge, was born at Toronto on 
June 7, 1875. He attended the public school at Rich- 
mond Hill, and the Jarvis Street Collegiate Institute, 
"Toronto, and in 1892 entered University College, Toron- 
to, winning at matriculation a scholarship for general 
proficiency. He graduated in 1896 and obtained the 
degree of Master of Arts in 1902, and the degree of 
Bachelor of Laws in 1904. 

After Mr. Falconbridge had been called to the Ontario 
bar in 1899, he practised as barrister and solicitor, 
first as a partner of the late E.F.B. Johnston, K.C., and 
later as a member of the firm of Cassels, Brock, Kelley 
& Falconbridge. In 1917 he retired from active practice, 
and since that time has devoted himself chiefly to teach- 
ing and writing. 

At the University of Toronto, Mr. Falconbridge was 
for a time an examiner in law, and subsequently lec- 
turer in International Law and Commercial Law. At 
the Osgoode Law School he was formerly an examiner, 
and since 1909 has been a lecturer. He is the author 
of various legal works: "Banking and Bills of Exchange," 
1907; second edition 1913; "Law of Mortgages," 1919; 
"Sale of Goods," 1921; "Handbook of Negotiable In- 
struments," 1922; and has contributed articles to law 
journals. He was appointed King's Counsel in Decem- 
ber, 1921. 

Mr. Falconbridge is one of the Ontario representatives 
in the Conference of Commissioners on Uniformity of 
Legislation in Canada; a member of the Senate of 
Toronto; and a trustee and councillor of Wycliffe 
College. He has been a member of diocesan, provincial 
and general synods of the Anglican church in Canada, 
and was formerly honorary lay secretary of the Synod 
of Toronto. 

Mr. Falconbridge married, on April 27, 1905, Elizabeth 
Porter, (since deceased), daughter of the Rev. S. M. 
Hamilton, M.A., D.D., of New York. 



SIR WILLIAM HOWARD HEARST, K.C.M.G., 
K.C., M.P.P. — Confronted in his Premiership of the 
Province of Ontario by the unusual responsibilities and 
opportunities of wartime. Sir William Howard Hearst, 
from October 2, 1914, to 1919 the incumbent of this 
high governmental post, had a most successful adminis- 
tration. Many constructive measures were enacted 
under his leadership, and a large measure of popular 
support and approval attended him in the discharge of 
his official duties. Opposition was frequently encoun- 
tered, but whatever the outcome, the sincerity ol his 
purpose and the loyalty and patriotism that inspired 
him have marked his every official action. The outline 
of his career follows. 

Sir William Howard Hearst was born in the township 
of Arran, Bruce county, Ontario, February 15, 1864, 
son of William and Margaret (McFadden) Hearst. His 
father was a farmer, and Sir William was educated at 
the public schools of Arran township and later at Colling- 
wood Collegiate Institute. Subsequently, he studied 
for the legal profession at Osgoode Hall, Ontario, and was 
called to the bar of Ontario in 1888. He commenced the 
practice of law in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, where he 
became prominent in municipal affairs and active as a 
speaker in the Conservative interest. He was an unsuc- 
cessful candidate in Algoma, East, in 1894, but in the 
Ontario legislative elections in 1902 he helped to organize 
a group of newly-defined constituencies in Northern 
Ontario for Mr. (afterward Sir) James P. Whitney, and 
by his effective methods largely assisted him in placing 
them in the Conservative column. When the Whitney 



68 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



Government was fonned in 1905, Mr. Hearst was 
appointed government agent in connection with the 
guaranteed loan furnished to the Lake Superior Corpora- 
tion, under the provisions of which the government had 
a voice in the management of the corporation until the 
loan should be liquidated. In this capacity Mr. Hearst 
proved a business success, but resigned the office in 1908 
to contest the riding of Sault Ste. Marie for the Ontario 
Legislature. He was successful, and in September, 1911, 
when the Hon. Frank Cockrane resigned the Portfolio 
of Forests and Mines to become Minister of Railways 
and Canals in the first Borden cabinet, Sir James P. 
Whitney tendered the vacancy in his cabinet to Mr. 
Hearst. The latter accepted and was re-elected by 
acclamation by his constituents, whom he continued 
to represent to 1919. On the death of Sir James P. 
Whitney in 1914, he was asked to form a government, all 
his former colleagues accepting office under him. He 
was sworn in as Prime Minister and President of the 
Council on October 2, 1914, this being practically the 
last official act of Sir John Gibson as lieutenant-governor. 
Following the death of Hon. James Duff in December, 
1916, he also assimied the post of Minister of Agricul- 
ture, retaining it for two years until the elevation of 
Hon. George Henry to the Cabinet in 1918. 

In connection with his profession as a lawyer Sir 
William was created a King's Counsel in 1908, and was 
elected a bencher of the Law Society of Upper Canada 
in 1912. On February 13, 1917, he was created a knight 
commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George, 
and he was made an LL.B. of Toronto University in 1915. 
The Premiership of Sir William H. Hearst was marked 
by energetic administration and progressive legislation. 
He took office at a time of peculiar difficulty in Canadian 
affairs, when the Great World War had been in progress 
for two months and when it was becoming evident that 
it would be necessary for a vast and united effort if it 
was to be successfully prosecuted. Perhaps his most 
radical step was his act of 1916, to prohibit the sale of 
intoxicating liquors throughout the Province of Ontario, 
a courageous act fraught with political and personal 
danger. Subsequent orders-in-council by the Federal 
Government gave this act the effect of absolute prohibi- 
tion. In 1917 he introduced and carried an act to confer 
the Parliamentary franchise on women. Under his 
leadership a comprehensive measure previously enacted 
providing for compensation to workmen for injuries was 
put into successful operation and extended. An import- 
ant measure of his provides for loans to settlers, and he 
also took practical steps to deal with the housing prob- 
lem. 

Under his administration vigorous steps were taken for 
the development and advancement of New Ontario. 
Important labor laws were enacted and a labor depart- 
ment established. A municipal branch was created, 
and a Town Planning Act and other municipal reforms 
adopted. Social problems received special consideration. 
The treatment of the mentally detective was inquired into 
and studied, and advanced legislation passed for com- 
bating venereal diseases. Mothers' pensions and a 
minimum wage for women were inquired into, and plans 
outlined in connection therewith. Special attention was 
given to agriculture and many plans carried out for the 
advancement of this industry. School fairs and teaching 
of agriculture in the schools were inaugurated. The 
influence of the Guelph Agricultural College was extend- 
ed and the farmers organized for marketing purposes. 
Bold measures were adopted during the war for securing 
greater production of food stuffs by supplying tree seed, 
furnishing tractors, and mobilizing the people of the 
towns and city for work on the farms and in other ways. 
Provision was made for the establishment of consolidated 



rural schools and for industrial, technical and agricul- 
tural education throughout the province. The school ag< 
was extended and other important educational reforms 
adopted. Special attention was given to reforestation, 
and a scientific fire prevention service established. A 
comprehensive and scientific scheme for the construc- 
tion of a system of good roads throughout the provinc* 
was entered upon. A Fire Marshal's Department was 
organized and an energetic campaign waged to reduct 
wastage by fire. A Resources Committee was formed that 
did useful service in all campaigns for food production, 
and contributions to the Red Cross and other wai 
charities. The policy of Sir James P. Whitney and Sii 
Adam Beck of government control and operation of the 
water powers of the province, known as the Hydro- 
Electric System, has been amplified under Sir Willianj 
H. Hearst. 

In connection with war work Sir William H. Hearst 
visited the front to ascertain personally the needs of the 
situation, and led in all the splendid accomplishments 
that made Ontario's record gloriously conspicuous 
throughout the British Empire. The largest compara- 
tive quotas for the British Red Cross were obtained from 
Ontario, and money, men, munitions and service in all 
causes were offered in the same generous spirit of pa- 
triotism and sacrifice. Under his administration the 
Orpington Hospital in England was built as the gift of 
the people of Ontario. When victory crowned the 
Allied efforts. Sir William did much to further the work 
of reconstruction and the establishment of normal 
conditions by helping returned soldiers to settle on the 
land. In 1920 the Imperial Government appointed Sir 
William a member of the International Joint Commis- 
sion, a body created under the treaty entered into be- 
tween the United States and Britain in 1919 for the 
purpose of settling international disputes between the 
United States and Canada. 

Sir William H. Hearst has resumed the practice of 
law, and has opened an office in the city of Toronto in 
partnership with his son, W. I. Hearst. He is vice- 
president and chairman of the executive committee of 
the Municipal Bankers' Corporation, Ltd., a bond 
company recently formed with a strong directorate and 
connections in New York, and London, England. He 
is a member of the Methodist church. Thirty years in 
public life won him a reputation for fearlessness in the 
advocacy of measures he considered right and necessary, 
and by the opposition, he was held in respect and regard 
as an honest, upright public officer, whose highest aim 
was the best good of the Province. 

Sir William H. Hearst married, on July 21, 1891, 
Isabella Jane Dunkin, of Simcoe, by whom he has four 
children: Lieutenant Edward Vernon Hearst, and 
Lieutenant W. Irving Hearst, both of whom were in 
active war service; and Isabel and Evelyn Hearst. Sir 
William H. Hearst resides in Toronto. 



SIR JOHN ALEXANDER BOYD— One of Canada's 
best beloved and most eminent jurists, Sir John Alexan- 
der Boyd's calm and beneficient influence extended far 
beyond the court room into many relations of the 
Dominion's economic life. He stands in the annals of 
his time as a man of the broadest scholarship, rare legal 
talents, and unsurpassed devotion in the public service. 

Sir John Alexander Boyd, son of John and Margaret 
(Macallum) Boyd, his father the principal of the Bay 
Street Academy, was born in Toronto, April 23, 1837. 
He was educated in Upper Canada College and Toronto 
University, being graduated with the degree of Bachelor 
ot Arts and the gold medal in modern languages, also 
a scholarship, in 1860, and receiving his Master's degree 
in 1861; an LL.D was conferred upon him in 1889. 



m mM^^ 



THE 

in 1!W>;^ 



i ag 



rof» 



fid xjecess: 

' and '•(?. 



i 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



69 



Jailed to the bar in 1863, he was for many years associa- 
ed professionally with Messrs. E. & S. H. Blake, and 
?as regarded as one of the ablest equity pleaders of the 
Canadian bar. He was created a King's Counsel (M. 
It Lornel in 1880, was appointed chancellor of Ontano, 
day 3, 1881, and president ot the High Court of Justice 
or Ontario in 1887. He was arbitrator for the Dominion 
jovernment with respect to certain claims made by the 
Canadian Pacific railway in connection with the road 
a British Columbia in 1888, and served in the same 
apacity for Ontario in connection with the adjustment 
if accounts between the Dominion and the provinces 
onsequent on Confederation in 1893. He was chairman 
if the Royal Commission to determine the mode of 
emunerating and appointing provincial and county 
fficials in 1894, and m 1899 was a member of the Royal 
Commission to delimit the boundaries of constituencies 
n Ontario. In 1900 he was a member of the Royal Com- 
aission to investigate certain alleged election frauds; 
n 1902 was arbitrator between the Canadian Pacific 
ailway and its trackmen, was a member of the Royal 
Commission re the Gamey charges in 1903, and also 
erved as a royal commissioner, on several occasions, 
or the revision of the statutes. In arbitration he stood 
rithout a superior, admirably constituted in tempera- 
nent and personaUty for responsibilities requiring him 

look beyond the present conflict of desire, and the 
ibscuring mists of passion, to the broad fundamentals ol 
ustice and right. He was knighted in 1899, declined the 
hancellorship of Toronto University in 1900, and was 
ireated a knight commander of St. Michael and St. 
Jeorge in 1901. In 1906 Sir John A. Boyd, who had 
lumerous other important business connections, with- 
irew from all these positions, and from that time until 
lis death, November 23, 1916, devoted himself to the 
icholarly and philanthropic pursuits that had always 
•eceived a large share of his time and strength. For a 
ihort time he had held the appointment oi master-of- 
;hancerv in Toronto. He was a director of the Work- 
ng Boys' Home and the Home lor Incurables, and pres- 
dent of the Toronto Conservatory ot Music. His in- 
«re8ts and influence were intimately allied with the 
orces promoting the moral, aesthetic, and practical wel- 
are of his city and the country-at-large, and throughout 

1 long life he held the admiration, esteem, and love of 
I vast number of his fellows. He was author ot "A 
summary of Canadian History," which has been widely 
•ead. In 1902 he received an honorary D.C.L. from 
Prinity University. 

Sir John A. Boyd married, in 1863, Elizabeth Buchan, 
vho died in December, 1920, daughter of David Buchan, 
jursar of Toronto University. Their children were: 
I. Alexander James, died in South Africa after serving 
n the Boer War. 2. John Leonard, an engineer, residing 
it "Braeside," Woodbridge, Ontario. 3. Dr. Geoffrey, 
in ear and throat specialist of Toronto. 4. Lawrence, 
in accountant of Toronto. 5. David Griffith, engaged in 
;he civil service of Toronto. 6. Philip Ewing, also in 
roronto civil service. 7. Walter Halcro, a resident of 
Dttawa, chief of the topographical branch of the 
3eological Survey. 8. Dr. Edmund, a sketch of whom 
ollows. 9. Arthui Macallum, a sketch of whom appears on 
[ollowing pages. 10. Margaret, married Professor W.S.W. 
McLay, of Toronto. 11. Elizabeth, lives at home. 12. 
Jane Eleanor, married Dr. Joseph Graham, of Toronto. 

The "Globe," under date of November 24, 1916, 
made the following editorial appreciation of Sir John's 
life and work: 

With the passing of Sir John Alexander Boyd there ha.s dropped 
out of the ranks of the legal profession of Ontario one of the most 
iistinjfulshed jurists who ever served as an advocate at a Canadian 
Bar or occupied a seat on a Canadian Bench. For tUrty-flve years 
he filled continuously the position of Chancellor of this Province; and 



Ir^fore he wa.s appointed to it in 1881, he had won for himself a high 
reputation as a practitioner at the equity Bar. There were giants 
in tliose days in tliat branch of practice, t)ut he had K;)0<i natural 
ability valuable habits of indastry, and the two Blalies for partners. 
Edwa'rd Blakii had been offered the Chancellorsliip several years 
previoas and had refused it. and Samuel Blal<e ha<l served njne years 
as V'ico-ChanciJlor l)i*)re the promotion of his former partner to the 
Chancellorship matle it necessary to resume his practice at the bar. 

Sir John A. Boyd was the fortmiate podsessor of what is called 
a "judicial mind." Many Judww have lxx!n calkxl to the Bench 
after having made a reputiition in Parliament, but he never tooK an 
active part in political controversy even as a private citizen. It was 
a common subject of remark that if he had any political opimons 
he was very successful in concealing his preference, for noone.unleRS 
his most intimate friends, ever knew to which side in i)ubilc discus- 
sions he conscioasly or ever sul)-con.sciotisly inclintxi. An a Judge he 
wa.s from first to la.st noted for his mastery of the facts of each case 
as they were presented to him, for the facile skill with which he 
disentangled them, for the unerring soundness of tlie conclusions 
he based on tliem, and for the lucidity with which he emlxxUed the 
whole in crisp language and compact form. 

It was a stroke of good fortune, alike for Sir John A. Bo.vd and for 
the Province of Ontario, that the decision in one famous case fell to 
him to pronoimce. It was the s-uit over the title to a timlxr limit 
within the territory in dispute between Manitoba and Ontario, but 
the Chancellor took high ground in delivering his judgment, and in 
the general opinion of the day thi5 judicial fmding had much to do 
with influencing the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council to take 
the view that ended in awarding to Ontario a large part of the region 
known today as "Patricia." , , ., • 

As an elected representative of his fellow graduates of the imver- 
sity of Toronto. Sir John took always a deep interest and often an 
active part in the financial controversies of the Provmcial Uni- 
versity's history. His "Alma Mater" had no abler or more loyal 
advocate. He was ever a true friend of higher education aiid 
never a partisan of a particular institurion. Fortunately, also, 
he was a man of genial temperament in his private life and rela- 
tions, and always a courteous gentleman hi every department of 
his manifold activity. 

EDMUND BOYD, B.A., M.B., L.R.C.P. (Lon.) 
M.R.C.S. (Eng.)— A leading specialist in the treatment 
of diseases of the ear and throat. Dr. Boyd has, through 
able and noteworthy service, added to the professional 
prestige of a family prominent in the law and in medicine. 
He was born in Toronto, June 16, 1882. son of Sir John 
Alexander and Elizabeth (Buchan) Boyd, (see preced- 
ing sketch). . 

Dr. Boyd's early education was received in the Toron- 
to Church School, whence he entered Upper Canada 
College, and here, in his last year, he was head of the 
Town Boys, a steward, captain of the football team, 
and was awarded the J. Herbert Mason Gold Medal. 
Matriculating at the University of Toronto, after 
holding the Edward Blake and Daniel Wilson scholar- 
ships in Natural Science, he graduated with the degree 
of Bachelor of Arts in 1905, in the same year being 
appointed assistant to Professor Ramsay Wright, pro- 
fessor of Biology. During this time he entered the medical 
department of the University of Toronto, graduating in 
1908 with the degree of Bachelor of Medicine, after 
which he served as house surgeon in the Toronto General 
Hospital and later in the Hospital for Sick Children. Dr. 
Boyd then went to London, England, where for three 
years he pursued post-graduate work in various hospitals, 
for the latter part of that time giving his attention to 
specialized work in diseases of the throat and ear. For 
a time he was house surgeon at the Royal Ear Hospital, 
receiving while in England the qualifications of Licentiate 
of the Royal College of Physicians and Member ot the 
Royal College of Surgeons. In the following 
year, 1913, Dr. Boyd returned to Toronto and began 
practice as a throat and ear specialist in association with 
the late Dr. G. R. McDonagh, professor of Laryngology 
at the University of Toronto. Dr. Boyd has taken an 
active part in the promotion of scientific knowledge and 
in the improvement of methods and practices in his 
specialty. .^ , ^ 

Upon the outbreak of the Worid War, Dr. Boyd at 
once qualified for service, and was later assigned to 
special work for the military. In 1918 he was sent over- 
seas, with the rank of captain in the Canadian Army 



70 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



Medical Corps, and was stationed at the West Cliff 
(England) Eye and Ear Hospital until that institution 
was disbanded. Captain Boyd was then transferred to 
Canadian General Hospital No. 16, at Orpington, being 
given charge of throat and ear work, remaining with 
this unit until it was disbanded. 

Returning to Toronto, Dr. Boyd resumed private 
practice, and in July, 1920, was appointed surgeon-in- 
chief of the Throat and Ear Department of the Hospital 
for Sick Children, at this time discontinuing his work at 
the General Hospital. Dr. Boyd is also an associate 
in Laryngology in the University of Toronto, and is a 
member of the Toronto Academy of Medicine and the 
Canadian and Ontario Medical associations. 

Dr. Boyd's country home, "Braeside," is at Wood- 
bridge, Ontario, and here he spends much of his free 
time, finding in its beautification and management a 
stimulating interest. He is a life member of the Art 
Gallery of Toronto, and continues the association 
of college years through membership in the Upper 
Canada Old Boys' Association. He is also a member of 
the Toronto Hunt Club and the Toronto Golf Club. 
His office and city residence are at No. 36 Prince Arthur 
avenue. 



ARTHUR MACALLUM BOYD— In making the 
law his field of labor for a life work, Mr. Boyd follows 
the example of his distinguished father, one of Canada's 
best-loved and most eminent jurists. Sir John Alexander 
Boyd. Mr. Boyd has been engaged in legal practice 
continuously since 1911, with the exception of three 
years spent in military service, and is a member of the 
well known law firm, Henderson & Boyd. 

Arthur Macallum Boyd, son of Sir John Alexander 
»nd Elizabeth (Buchan) Boyd, (q.v.), was born in Toron- 
to, February 3, 1886. His advanced studies were followed 
in Upper Canada College and the University of Toronto, 
and in 1907 he received the degree of Bachelor of Arts 
from the latter institution. Subsequently, he attended 
Osgoode Hall Law School and was called to the bar in 
1911, becoming a member of the firm of Royce, Hender- 
son & Boyd, with whose professional activity he was 
associated until 1915. 

In July, 1915, Mr. Boyd entered military service, 
attached to the Fortieth Battery, Canadian Field 
Artillery, with the rank of lieutenant, serving overseas 
with this organization. While in Canada on leave in 1918, 
he was injured, but served in Canada until November 
30, 1918, when he was honorably discharged. Since 
returning to civil life, Mr. Boyd has been engaged in 
practice as a member of the firm of Henderson & Boyd, 
with offices in the Bank of Hamilton building, and 
occupies an honorable position in his profession. He is 
a member of Ionic Lodge, No. 25, Free and Accepted 
Masons, the Canadian Bar Association, the Ontario Bar 
Association, and the York County Law Association; 
his clubs are: the University, Toronto Golf, Toronto 
Garrison Badminton, and Canadian Military Institute. 

HON. JAfVlES COX AIKINS, P.O. LL.D.— A 

statesman and public servant, part of whose work was 
performed at a period most important and critical in 
Canadian History, Hon. J. C. Aikins' name stands forth 
in the annals of the Dominion as a man of broad powers 
inspired by devoted love of country. No service was 
found too arduous, no task too thankless, no burden 
too great for his unfailing public spirit, his unwavering 
patriotism, and he answered with capable, forceful, 
efficient service every call made upon him. When seven- 
ty-three years of age Toronto again placed him in the 
Senate, and then, as always, he rendered a splendid 
accounting of the trust reposed in him, easily throwing 



off the weight of years in the defence of causes he fi 
just and right. Throughout a long life of four-score ai 
one years he moved in the love and esteem of a vs 
circle of friends, respected and admired for attainmer 
of unusual order. 

Senator Aikins was a son of James Aikins, who cai 
to America from County Monaghan, Ireland, in 181 
spending four years in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, a: 
then coming to Canada. He made Toronto townsh: 
Peel county, his home, and here J. C. Aikins was boi 
March 30, 1823. He attended local schools and Victoi 
College in Cobourg. In 1892 he received (honoris eaut 
the LL.D. from his alma mater, Victoria UniversH 
In 1 854 he was elected to the Canadian Assembly frc 
Peel county, but was defeated for re-election in 18( 
In 1862 he was elected a member of the Legislati 
Council, "Home" Division (Peel and Halton), holdi 
this position until Confederation, when he became o 
of the original members of the Senate. From 1867 
1882 he filled a seat in the Canadian Senate, resigni 
to accept the appointment as lieutenant-governor 
Manitoba. In young manhood he had been a Liberal 
political conviction, but he entered Sir John MacDonal( 
coalition government as Secretary of State in 1869, cc 
tinuing in this position until the resignation of t 
government in 1873. 

Upon the return of the Conservatives to power in 18' 
Senator Aikins was again appointed Secretary of Sta 
and in 1880 became Minister of Inland Reveni 
resigning and retiring from the cabinet, May 23, 18i 
Upon the completion of his term as lieutenant-goverr 
of Manitoba, Hon. J. C. Aikins returned to Toronto, a 
in 1896 was again called to the Senate. During his lo 
career in public office. Senator Aikins was connect 
with many public movements of great moment. Af 
the acquisition of the Northwest territories, he fram 
and sponsored through Parliament the Public Lar 
Act, and organized the Dominion Lands Bureau, whi 
is now the Department of the Interior. His name 
connected with a vast amount of constructive statesmi 
ship, conceived and carried to successful completion w 
the advancement of the welfare of the Dominion as 
sole aim and intent. Canada had in him a loyal son w 
directed his energies and talents in paths that brouj 
benefit to all her people. 

Senator Aikins was always deeply interested 
religious and temperance work, and gave all organizati( 
furthering these causes his loyal support. He \ 
treasurer of the Methodist Missionary Society, presidi 
of the Methodist Social Union, and vice-president of 1 
Ontario Prohibition Alliance. His business connects 
were as a director of the Freehold Loan and Savii 
Company, the Ontario Bank, the Loan and Depc 
Company, the Manitoba & Northwest Loan Compa 
and the Trusts Corporation of Ontario. 

Senator Aikins married, in 1845, Mary Elizab 
Somerset, of Toronto, whom he survived. They w 
parents of four daughters and three sons: Helena, v 
married Rev Dr. Donald G. Sutherland, (see sketch! 
lowing) ; Mrs.(Dr.) J. E. Graham, of Toronto; John Sorr 
set Aikins, of Winnipeg, who died in 1911; Sir Jar 
Aikins, K.C., of Winnipeg; Mrs. J. W. L. Forst 
Clara Aikins; and Dr. W. H. B. Aikins, a sketch 
whom appears on following pages; all are of Toron 
Senator Aikins died August 8, 1904. He had li\ 
through many stirring times in the history of his count 
and his record stands as that of a patriot who gave of 
best for the common welfare. 

REV. DR. DONALD GEORGE SUTHERLANI 

Sutherland is a Scotch patronymic, honorably s 
worthily borne in the many years of its history. Seafar 




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aber of r '■r, 

r, Ireland . /v- 

■y ye&Te o{ i;, C.i..:-.,ii'iti 

:ieinbeT« to public nw-i 

r\ s iarg« buBinesB intownfs 

man have carried him into 

■:*i.,nl .nri Vila irNi)fi^ii/f» It 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



71 



reers claimed many members of the line to which Don- 
i George Sutherland belonged, and his father followed 
e sea and inland waters until his death. The son heard 
e call to the church after he had entered the law, and 
a minister of the Methodist church he spent the active 
lars of his life. Length of years was not granted to 
m, but in numerous Canadian charges he preached 
e faith that was in him, and his work was richly 
essed. It has been long since his voice carried its 
icere, uplifting message from the pulpit, since he made 
3 parish rounds of comfort and cheer, since he liited 
e spiritual burdens of his people, but there are many 
10 remember his faithful ministrations and the spirit 

unselfishness in which they were performed, and this 
cord in the history of his birthplace is a tribute in- 
lired by this memory. 

Dr. Sutherland was a son of Captain James Sutherland, 
lio was born in Hoy, Orkney Islands, and Margaret 
lobinson) Sutherland, a native of Lincolnshire, Eng- 
nd. At an early age. Captain James Sutherland went 

sea in the service of the Hudson's Bay Company, 
id after sailing in the Baltic and South American 
ades came to Canada while still in young manhood' 
n Lake Ontario he became known as owner and 
iptain of steam vessels, and during the Rebellion of 
!37-38 he was entrusted with important commissions 
{ the government, his fulfillment of these trusts 
inning him high praise. Captain James Sutherland was 
lied in the Desjardins Canal accident, March 12, 1857. 
Donald George Sutherland was born in Toronto, 
anada, April 12, 1839. He obtained his education 

the Hamilton schools, and in 1859 was graduated 
om Victoria University with the degree of B.A., 
ceiving his M.A. in 1867, and his LL.B. from the 
niversity of Toronto in 1873. He began the study 
' law in the office of Judge O'Reilley, of Hamilton, and 
3came a solicitor in 1862, practicing for about a year, 
he call to the ministry sounded above his legal responsi- 
ilities, and he became a probationer in the Wesleyan 
[ethodist Church, being ordained to the full ministry 
1 1868. His charges were at Milton, Oakville, Dundas, 
rampton, Kingston, Gallinauqua, Gait, Simcoe, Clin- 
>n, St. Thomas, London, Toronto, Hamilton, and then 
ick to Toronto. In addition to the duties of these 
irious churches. Dr. Sutherland served in 1874-75 and 
581-82 as financial secretary of his district, in 1883-84 
as secretary of the London Conference, in 1883 was 
lairman of St. Thomas' district, and in 1878 and 1882- 
5 was a member of the General Conference. His heart 
as fully in his pastoral work, and his zeal and enthus- 
sm were unflagging. In 1869 he visited Rome, Italy, 
nd in 1880 toured Egypt, also visiting Damascus and 
alestine, finding in his journeys to these scenes of early 
lurch history inspiration for his work at home. In 1862 
•r. Sutherland was appointed an ensign in the Eighth 
attalion, Wentworth. He was a member of the Board 
[ Regents, and a member of the Senate of Victoria 
niversity at the time of his death, always taking 
deep interest in the work of the university. 

Dr. Sutherland married, in 1872, Helena, daughter 
f the Honorable J. C. Aikins (see preceding sketch), 
nd their children were: Dr. J. A., of Fairbanks, Alaska; 
lary, married L. F. Stephens, a barrister of Hamilton; 
Hadys, married Dr. Fred C. Harrison of Toronto; and 
iara. Dr. Sutherland died March 12, 1895. He had 
ibored diligently and purposefully in the vineyard of 
is Master, and he went to a rich and certain reward. 

WILLIAM HENRY BEAUFORT AIKINS, M.B., 
4.D.C.M., L.R.C.P. (Lond.) — The distinguished career 
1 public life of the Hon. James Cox Aikins, P.C, LL.D., 
uppHes the standard for the measurement oi the 



notably useful service of his son. Dr. William H. B. 
Aikins, a medical specialist of Toronto, who holds high 
place in the profession to which he has given his active 
years. 

William Henry Beaufort Aikins was born at "Rich- 
view," County of Peel, Ontario, August 22, 1859. After 
attending Upper Canada College and the Toronto School 
of Medicine, he pursued studies in two of New York 
City's most noted institutions, Bellevue Medical College 
and the College of Physicians and Surgeons. This was 
followed by post-graduate work in London, Edinburgh, 
Berlin, Vienna and Paris. His degrees, all received in 
1881, were those of M.D.C.M. from Victoria University, 
M.B. from Toronto University, and L.R.C.P. from the 
Royal College of Physicians, London. In 1884 he 
established in general practice in Toronto, and for many 
years was so engaged, gaining a large following and an 
influential place in his profession. Subsequently he 
specialized in internal medicine and dermatology, still 
later in radiumtherapy, and his activities, covering wide 
scope, have contributed largely to medical and scientific 
advance. Dr. Aikins has filled numerous positions of 
honor and responsibility in his profession, including 
those of physician to the Toronto General Hospital, 
Toronto Dispensary, Toronto Hospital for Incurables, 
and King Edward Sanitarium, and radium therapeutist, 
Grace Hospital, Toronto, etc. He has been president of 
the Toronto Clinical Society, and has been oflScially 
associated with the Ontario Medical Association and the 
British Medical Association. He is past president of the 
Toronto Academy of Medicine and of the American 
Radium Society. Dr. Aikins was elected treasurer of 
the Canadian Medical Association in 1907, and was 
present, as secretary of the Canadian National Commit- 
tee, at the International Medical Congress at Lisbon, 
Portugal, at Budapest, Hungary, and at London, 
England, in 1913. For fifteen years he was senator of 
Toronto University, representing the graduates in med- 
icine. He has been one of the editors of the "Canadian 
Practitioner," and is the author of many articles on the 
treatment of disease by radium, and numerous other 
contributions to medical literature. 

In his youth. Dr. Aikins was a member of the Queen's 
Own Regiment. His fraternal affiliations are with the 
Masonic order, and he is a member of the Royal Canadian 
Yacht Club, the York Club, and the Aesculapian Club, 
and a Fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute, London, 
England. 

SIR CLIFFORD SIFTON, P.O., K.C., K.C.M.G.— 

In many government positions of leading prominence, 
in national and international affairs calling for patriotic, 
broad-minded, unselfish service, in political, diploraatic, 
and economic activities upon which have hinged weighty 
consequences to the Dominion and the Empire, Sir 
Clifford Sifton has come rightfully into the title of 
statesman. His work in connection with public affairs 
has covered a wide range, one phase of which has earned 
him the title, "father of the forest reserves in Western 
Canada." The foundation of his Political creed, a 
principle underlying his whole conception of government 
and national development, Ls his belief that "our destiny 
unquestionably is to be one of a sisterhood of self- 
governing nations centered around the British Crown." 
Sir Clifford Sifton is a member of a family of English 
origin which became seated in Ireland at the time of the 
Conquest, and which, in the ninety years of its Canadian 
residence, has given numerous members to public and 
military life. Sir Clifford Sifton's large business interests 
and prominence as a sportsman have carried him into 
many circles other than political, and his influence is 



72 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



widely extended, — the influence ol a highly-respected 
and eminent Canadian. 

Sir Clifford Sifton, youngest son of the Hon. John 
Wright and Catherine (Watkins) Sifton, grandson of 
Bamlet and Mary Sifton, was born in London township, 
Middlesex county, Ontario, March 10, 1861. He was 
educated in Dundas Collegiate Institute, London High 
School, and Victoria University, being graduated from 
the last-named institution in 1880 with the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts and the Prince of Wales Gold Medal. 
In 1882 he received the degree of Bachelor of Arts, ad 
eund. from Manitoba University. He was called to 
the bar in 1882, was created a King's Counsel (Earl of 
Aberdeen) in 1905, and engaged in successful professional 
work at Brandon, Manitoba, where he was city solicitor 
and solicitor of the Western Judicial District. He is a Lib- 
eral in political conviction, sat for North Brandon (local) 
from 1888 to 1896, and on May 14, 1891, succeeded the 
Hon. Joseph Martin as attorney-general in the Green- 
way administration. While discharging the duties of 
this office he was also, for a short period, 1895, acting 
premier, up to the time of joining the Laurier administra- 
tion at Ottawa, November 17, 1896. Sir Clifford Sifton 
was one of the vice-chairmen of the Ottawa Reform 
Convention in June, 1893. He introduced in the Legisla- 
ture the resolutions refusing to carry out the Dominion 
Government's order in council for the restoration of 
separate school privileges to the Catholics of Manitoba, 
in June, 1895. He also introduced resolutions protesting 
against the passage by Parliament of the Manitoba 
Remedial Bill then under discussion, February, 1896. 
He was appointed a commissioner on behalf of the 
government of Manitoba to meet in conference certain 
delegations from the Dominion Government to discuss 
the same question in the following March, and later 
signed a refusal of his government to accede to the 
demands of the Tupper administration in this regard. 

Sir Clifford Sifton retired from the Manitoba Govern- 
ment and entered Sir W. Laurier's administration as 
minister ot the interior and superintendent-general of 
Indian affairs, November 17, 1896. He was returned from 
Brandon (H.C.) and continued to sit therefore to the 
time ot the general election of 1911, when, in a letter 
addressed to his constituents, he retired from the 
representation. On February 27, 1905, Sir Clifford 
Sifton resigned from the government as a protest against 
the educational clauses of the Alberta and Saskatchewan 
Autonomy Bill, his speech on this occasion described 
by the Toronto "News" to be "in acuteness oi reasoning, 
largeness of spirit, hardness of common-sense and clarity 
of statement, simply a masterpiece." While a member 
of the Manitoba government he introduced and carried 
the act abolishing divisions between law and equity 
procedure in the Court ot King's Bench, and codifying 
and simplifying civil procedure. As minister of the 
interior he carried out a vigorous immigration policy 
which added largely to the population of the Dominion, 
and conducted with tireless enthusiasm a campaign for 
the conservation of the rich resources of the country. He 
was British agent before the Alaska Boundary Tribunal 
in 1903. He was chairman of Commission of Con- 
servation of Natural Resources from its inception until 
his resignation in 1916. He was a commissioner for 
Canada at the Washington Conference to consider the 
conservation of the national resources of the American 
Continent in 1909, and in January, 1910, was elected 
chairman of the Canadian Conservation Commission. 
He was opposed to the Taft-Fielding reciprocity agree- 
ment, and in a speech delivered in the House of Com- 
mons in March, 1911, gave expression to his views and 
withdrew from the support ot the government. Later, 
dunng the general election of 1911, Sir Clifford Sifton took 



an active part against the government on this ques- 
tion, addressing many public meetings held in various 
parts ot the Dominion. He was also opposed to a scheme 
for the damming of the St. Lawrence river by an Ameri- 
can company without sufficient Canadian control, and 
with characteristic energy and determination has suppor- 
ted his views. He has lectured widely on "The Conserva- 
tion of Our National Resources," and one of his best 
known speeches is one delivered in March, 1908, on 
"The Problems of the Dominion." The leading journals 
and two ot Sir Clifford Sifton's contemporaries have 
expressed themselves concerning him as follows: "A 
man of great ability." — Right Hon. Sir W. Laurier. 
"An administrator of the first rank." — E. W. Thomson. 
"The father of the forest reserves in Western Canada." — 
Ontario "Free Press." "A faithful friend and a hard 
fighter ... by nature a business man, first, last and 
all the time." — Toronto "Saturday Night." "A strong, 
brainy man who takes rank among the shrewdest and 
ablest political managers this country has produced 
at any stage of its history." — Montreal "Herald." 
"His energy and insight and matchless gift for business 
made him the greatest force in the Government outside 
of the Premier." — Vancouver "Province." "A strong- 
minded, well-equipped publicist, courageous in his 
desire to accomplish things, resourceful and relentless 
in pursuing his aims, and apparently possessed of am- 
bition \yithout limit." — Canadian "Courier." "Of all 
the ministers who have held portfolios since Confedera- 
tion none has rendered as valuable service to Canada 
as Mr. Sifton, and his withdrawal from our cabinet is 
a national loss." — Chief Justice Sir William Mulock 
(1905). 

In 1903 he was presented to King George, in St. 
James' Palace. He is the principal shareholder and 
controller of the Manitoba "Free Press," and the largest 
shareholder of the Canadian Western Light, Heat and 
Power Company, whose head office is at Calgary. His 
principal sport is riding and fox hunting, and he is widely 
known in Canada and the United States for his triumphs 
in the show ring. He has done much for the breeding 
industry, and his stable has afforded him his most 
enjoyable relaxation from business and official cares. 
He is also fond of golf and is a member of the "Toronto 
Club, York Club, Toronto Golf Club, and Hunt Club. 

Sir Clifford Sifton married, in August, 1884, Elizabeth 
Arminella Burrows, daughter of Henry J. Burrows, 
formerly of Ottawa. Lady Sifton formed and presided 
over the Young Women's Temperance Union of Brandon, 
and was also president of the Women's Hospital Aid 
Society, the Women's Society of the Methodist Church, 
also of Brandon, and the Ladies' Aid of the Dominion 
Methodist Church of Ottawa. She was one of the 
originators of the Ottawa branch of the Women's 
Historical Society and was elected its first president. 
Before leaving Ottawa she was vice-president of the 
Ladies' Auxiliary of St. Luke's General Hospital of 
Ottawa, president of the Ottawa Lawn Tennis Club, 
originator of the Young Girls' Society of Ottawa, vice- 
president of the Canadian Immigration Guild, and vice- 
president of the Ladies' Canadian Club of Ottawa. She 
was present, by invitation, with her husband, at the 
coronation of Their Majesties, in June, 1911. Children: 
Major J. W., Captain Winfield B., Henry Arthur; Major 
Clifford, D.S.O.; and Major Victor, D.S.O. 

JOHN GALLOWAY SCOTT, K.C.— For many 
years active in the public life of Ontario, John Galloway 
Scott has within the past few years retired from th« 
responsibilities which he so long has borne. Mr. Scoti 
is a son of Thomas Chalmers Scott, who was born in 
Scotland, and came to the city of Toronto as a young 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



73 



m, bringing his little family with him. Thomas 
lalmers Scott was for many years, and at the time of 
i death in 1876, surveyor of customs at Toronto, 
iring all this time he on Sundays preached regularly 
the Disciples" Church, with which he was connected. 
; married, in Scotland, Anne Galloway, who was also 
rn in that country, and they were the parents of three 
ildren: David, for some years in business in New 
)rk City, now deceased; Catharine, later the wife of 
)bert W. Elliot, also now deceased; and John Galloway, 
lose name heads this review. 

John Galloway Scott was born in Dundee, Scotland, 
1836. Coming with his parents to Ontario as a child 

eight years (1844), it was in the public schools of 
)ronto that his formal education was begun. He 
bsequently attended Toronto Academy and com- 
3ted his collegiate course at Bethany College, in West 
rginia. After serving some years in mercantile business 
Toronto he entered the law office of R. G. Dalton and 
gan the study of law. Mr. Scott was called to the bar 
1862, and shortly after became a member of the law 
m of Dalton & Scott. Upon Mr. Dalton being appointed 
erk of the Crown, Mr. Scott entered into partnership 
th Kenneth MacKenzie, Q.C., who subsequently for 
number of years was judge of the County Court of 
ork. In 1870 Mr. Scott was appointed by the Hon. 
ihn Sandfield Macdonald, Clerk of the Executive 
juncil, this office including also the duties of Chief 
lerk of the Department of the Attorney General of 
itario, Mr. Scott fulfilling the responsibilities of this 
mble obligation for several years, when he was appoint- 

Deputy Attorney General, which position he held 
itil 1885. In that year he was chosen to inaugurate the 
nd titles' system in Ontario and was appointed Master 
Titles, and for thirty-five years ably filled that office, 
signing only in 1920, when on account of advancing 
sars he retired from all public duty. The following 
quoted from "The Executor and Trustee," a quarterly 
illetin published by the Toronto General Trusts 
orporation, dated April, 1921: 

As Deputy Attorney-General, the draftint? of many Acts of the 
«islature devolved upon Mr. Scott, two of the most important 
Ing the Coasolidatcd Municipal Act of 1873, and the Creditors' 
^lief Act of 1880. Tliis latter Act ha.s recently been superswied by 
e Bankruptcy Act of the Dominion, but in the absence of a 
[iminion insolvency law. the provisions of the Creditors' Relief 
't were found most u-seful in preventing priority among execution 
editors, and undue preference being granted by insolvent debtors 

their relatives and friends. 

Wo think it is universally admitted that the success of the Land 
itles' Act in the portions of Ontario in which it Ls in force is largely 
le to its careful and yet liberal administration by Mr. Scott, and 
s readiness to render every assistance in carrying out its provisions 

anyone desiring it, and his aptitude in framing amendments to 
move difficulties whenever these arose. 

In 1882 Mr. Scott assisted in the organization of the 
oronto General Trusts Company, now the Toronto 
eneral Trusts Corporation, snd is the only living 
lember of the board of directors of that institution who 
irtieipated in its founding. Still enjoying excellent 
2alth, Mr. Scott has since devoted his time to personal 
terests and those recreations which in a long and busy 
'e are deferred until the convenient season. He is hale 
id hearty at his advanced age, with a mind that retains 
s old-time vigor. 

Mr. Scott married, in 1859, Mary Elliot, daughter of 
nUiam Elliot, of Elliot & Company, Toronto. Mr. and 
Irs. Scott are the parents of two children: 1. Arthur H., 
am in Toronto, and educated in Upper Canada College, 
ho married Miss Davis; they are the parents of two 
lildren: Lieutenant Elliot Scott, of the 24th BattaUon, 
anadian Expeditionary Force, who was killed at 
ourcelette, France; and Norton, widow of Lieutenant 

arry Fry, who died from the effects of hardships 
iffered during the World War. 2. Helen, who resides 



at home. The family are Baptists. Their home is at 
No. 29 Dunvegan road, and there Mr. Scott devotes 
much 01 his time to gardening, his favorite recreation. 



SIR ROBERT FREDERIC STUPART, K.B.- 

Widely known in the public service of Canada, Sir Robert 
Frederic Stupart has held a position of note as director 
of the meteorological and magnetic service of Canada, 
and of the Magnetic Observatory of Toronto for more 
than twenty-five years. 

Sir Robert Frederic Stupart, K.B., was bom near 
Toronto, Ontario, October 24, 1857, and is a son of the 
late Captain Robert Douglas Stupart, of the Royal 
navy, and Eliza S. (Lee) Stupart, daughter of the late 
Captain Simon Lee, of the honorable East India service. 

As a lad. Sir Robert Frederic Stupart attended the 
private schools, then completed his education in the 
Upper Canada College, in Toronto, then, in 1872, 
entered the Canadian Meteorological service, which was 
then under the charge of Professor G. T. Kingston, who 
had inaugurated the ser-vice. Upon the resignation of 
Professor Kingston, in 1880, Charles Carpmael, M.A., 
was appointed director. For some years before the death 
of Mr. Carpmael, Sir Robert Frederic Stupart acted as 
senior inspector and probability officer of the Toronto ob- 
servatory, and in 1884-5 had charge of the chief station of 
the Canadian Hudson's Bay expedition, which investi- 
gated and reported upon the conditions of navigation in 
the straits. On December 28, 1894, he was appointed 
superintendent and director of the meteorological service 
of the Dominion, at the same time appointed also as 
director of the Magnetic Observatory at Toronto. For 
his long connection with the weather service he has for 
some years been popularly and affectionately known 
by the sobriquet of "Old Probs." 

Sir Robert Frederic Stupart was created a Knight 
Bachelor in the year 1916, in recognition of his services 
in the above connection. He became a fellow of the 
Royal Society of Canada in 1901, has long been a member 
of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, and served 
as its president in 1902-3. He was made president of 
the Royal Canadian Institute for the term of 1906-7, and 
was elected a member of the International Meteorological 
Committee in 1907. In 1921 Sir Robert Frederic Stupart 
was elected president of the American Meteorological 
Society to serve during the years 1922-23. He has 
published numerous papers of popular and scientific 
interest on the climate of the Dominion, and on general 
meteorological topics. By way of recreation he turns 
to out-door sports, and is a member of the Royal Cana- 
dian Yacht Club, and of the Toronto Golf Club. 

Sir Robert Frederic Stupart married, in 1886, Marion 
Dallas, and they are the parents of three sons and one 
daughter: Lieutenant E.G., of the 75th Battalion, 
who was killed in action at Somme, October 22, 1916; 
Lieutenant Alan Victor, D.F.C., of the Royal Air 
Force, now of Toronto; Leonard Dallas, and E. Doris, 
who is well known in connection with occupational 
therapy. 

MOST REV. NEIL McNEIL— One of the most 
widely known and deeply reverenced men of Holy 
Church in the Province of Ontario is Most Rev. Neil 
McNeil, Archbishop of Toronto, who during the past 
ten years has endeared himself to his superiors, his peers, 
and the members of his diocese by his broad Christian 
spirit, his genuine devotion to the interests ot his charge, 
and by his spirit of general helpfulness. 

Born at Mabou, Nova Scotia, November 23, 1851, 
son of Malcolm and Ellen (Meagher) McNeil, he 
received his early collegiate training in the College of 
St. Francis Xa'vier, at Antigonish, Nova Scotia. In 



74 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



1873 he entered the College of the Propaganda, at Rome, 
where he continued his studies for six and a half years. 
At the end of that period he was ordained a priest, in 
1879, the ceremony taking place in the Basilica of John 
Lateran and performed by the late Cardinal Patrizzi. 
In the same year he received the degrees of Doctor of 
Philosophy and Doctor of Divinity, and then took a 
post-graduate course of one year in the University of 
Marseilles, France. In 1880 he became a member of the 
staff of St. Francis Xavier College, at Antigonish, and for 
a period of seven years from 1884 to 1891 was rector of 
the College. In 1895 he was made Bishop of Nilopolis 
and Vicar Apostolic of St. George's, west coast of New- 
foundland, the consecration service taking place in 
St. Ninan's Cathedral, at Antigonish. Rapid as had been 
his advancement, still higher honors and larger responsi- 
bilities and opportunities for service were to be his. 
In January, 1910, he was appointed Archbishop of 
Vancouver, British Columbia, and two years later was 
transferred to the Archbishopric of Toronto, a still 
more important office. He was installed Archbishop of 
Toronto in 1912, and during the ten years that have 
elapsed since that time he has rendered a service of the 
highest order, winning the esteem of the citizens of 
Toronto in general, regardless of church affiliation, and 
endearing himself to the members of his diocese by his 
eminently-faithful and sympathetic service. During 
the World War, Archbishop McNeil especially endeared 
himself to all classes of tne community by his active 
support of all patriotic enterprises, whether undertaken 
by adherents of his own faith or by those of other or no 
church affiliation. The spirit of sympathy and broad- 
minded charity, together with deep devotion to the vital 
principles of his church and his genuine desire to serve, 
are the key-notes of his character and the explanation 
of his marked success as Archbishop of Toronto. 



FREDERICK BARNARD FETHERSTONHAUGH, 
K.C. — Mr. Fetherstonhaugh's service to this time has 
been rendered in a field concerning which the average 
individual has little knowledge and less appreciation, 
yet which touches intimately his daily life and welfare, 
patent law. That he has risen to a position of leadership 
m his profession is the result of noteworthy accomplish- 
ment in safeguarding the very well-spring of industry, 
the rights and possessions of inventors. As the head of 
the firm of patent agents known in the great business 
centers of the Dominion of Canada, the United States 
and England as Fetherstonhaugh & Company, he 
stands in a significant relation to the arts, sciences and 
industries of these countries. 

Mr. Fetherstonhaugh is a descendant of an old 
Westmeath family, and his father, Francis Fetherston- 
haugh was a scion of the Irish family of Fetherstonhaugh 
of "Carrick House," on Lough Erne, in MulUngar, 
County Westmeath, Ireland, the residence for centuries 
of the head branch of the family. Francis Fetherston- 
haugh came to Canada about 1859, and after residing 
in Orillia, Guelph, and Paisley for short periods, settled 
in Toronto, where his home was a social center for many 
years. He married Fannie Swift. 

Frederick Barnard Fetherstonhaugh was born in 
Paisley, Ontario, coming to Toronto with the family 
in infancy. His early education was acquired in the public 
schools and at the Toronto Collegiate Institute. After 
matriculating at the University of Toronto, he took 
a course in mechanical engineering to better fit himself 
for the specialty he purposed following in the practice 
of his chosen profession. Afterwards he finished his 
preparation for his career at Osgoode Hall of the Upper 
Canada Law Society, and was called to the bar in 1889, 



and some years later, in 1910, was created a King's 
Counsel. From the beginning the character and eventua 
scope of the present business was clear in his mind, anc 
the present head office in Toronto was established it 
1890. He has followed patent work exclusively, broad 
ening his activities until he now has branch offices ii 
Ottawa, Montreal, Halifax, St. John, Hamilton, Winni 
peg, and Vancouver, in New York City, Washington, ant 
Cleveland, the members of the firm at these branches 
being among the foremost professional men of the daj 
in their particular sphere. This is the largest organizatioi 
in the world of its kind, from the standpoints of botl 
patents and the law. 

The personal activity of Mr. Fetherstonhaugh in 
eludes exhaustive research on all subjects relative t( 
patents in every land, and he is considered an authoritj 
in this field by his colleagues and the technical journal 
for which he trequently writes. He is not only familia; 
with the law and precedent of the patent world, but hai 
instituted and is promoting a revolutionary step, prem 
ised upon the fundamental principles of industrial pro 
tection or patent rights. This is the proposed Britisl 
Empire Patent Act, which he champions in an exhaustivi 
article under the title of "The Reason Why," in "Nation 
al Progress." This act provided for the unification o 
all patent laws and law procedure in England and all thi 
Dominions and dependent states of the Empire, bringinj 
the various patent offices into a. policy of co-operatioj 
which would reduce their maintenance costs to a mini 
mum, filing all records with every office, obviating th 
necessity of searching repeatedly in different office 
to determine the status of an invention, and making ! 
patent issued in any office to be effective in every part o 
the Empire. Mr. Fetherstonhaugh himself drafted thi 
act and now sponsors it, holding that the incalculabli 
benefit which will accrue to invention and industry 
through its action will give an unprecedented impetii 
to the progress of manufactures throughout the Britisl 
Empire. This is unquestionably one of the most vitall; 
constructive pieces of proposed legislation which ha 
come before the Imperial Government in recent years 
and its possibilities in the encouragement of industria 
advance amount to no less than the inauguration of ai 
industrial Renaissance. 

In the preparation of amendments to patent legislatioi 
in the Dominion ParUament, Mr. Fetherstonhaugh ha 
long been sought in an advisory capacity, and he num 
bers among his clients the leading industrialists of th 
countries in which he is active. He has been notabl; 
connected with the protection of various patents on elec 
trical appliances, and his name in connection witl 
patent procedure or litigation has become recognized a 
the assurance of the most thorough, learned, and capabli 
administration of the many important and complicate( 
requirements that have surrounded the granting aw 
protection of inventions. He is a member of the Charter 
ed Institute of Patent Agents of London, England, an( 
the American Patent Law Association, also a member o 
the Royal Canadian Institute, and a fellow of the Roya 
Colonial Institute, of London, England. Mr. Fetherston 
haugh is a member of the Canadian Manufacturers 
Association, and of the Toronto Board of Trade. Sociall; 
he is well known, is a life member and was one of th 
founders of the Empire Club, which he has served a 
president. He represented the club at Westminste 
Abbey at the coronation of His Majesty, King Georg 
v., and is the only chartered member who has servei 
continuously on the executive committee to the presen 
day. Mr. Fetherstonhaugh is a member of the Masoni 
order, chief ranger of the Independent Order of Forester; 
a life member of the Royal Canadian Yacht Club, an 
the Argonaut Rowing Club, and a member of th 




V^^OmuuMuA^ 



I 




t/ir^ ^t 



if^ (.yeot^Q-e 



7' 



/c 



uMon^ 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



75 



tional and Albany clubs, and the Toronto Golf Club, 
is a member of St. James' Cathedral (Anglican), 
kir. Fetherstonhaugh married, in New York City, on 
)ruary 17, 1888, Marian Arabelle Rutledge, of that 
r, and they have one son, James Edward M., who is 
uember of the firm of which his father is the head, 
the capacity of mechanical engineer and expert. 
B family home, "Lynne Lodge," is on Lake Shore 
d, Toronto. 



OHN F. ELLIS — In the manufacturing world of 
ronto Mr. Ellis is well known as the managing director 
the firm of Barber-Ellis, Limited, paper dealers and 
nufacturers of envelopes, and in many other depart- 
nts of municipal and provincial life he holds responsi- 
and notable place. He was born in Mount Pleasant, 
;ario, November 9, 1845, and is a son of John R. 
I Janet (Carlyle) Ellis, his mother having been a 
:e of Thomas Carlyle, the famous Scottish author 
the nineteenth century. 

is a boy Mr. Ellis attended the grammar schools of 
native town, then completed his education at the 
•onto Normal School. He has been identified with the 
sent business for more than forty-five years, having 
nded this concern in the year 1876. The growth of 
business was steady from the beginning, and the firm 
ly took an assured place in the industrial and commer- 
circles of Toronto. With the years they expanded 
adly, until the present organization was complete, 
uding the modern manufacturing plant at Brantford, 
;ario, and branch offices at Winnipeg, Manitoba, at 
gary, Alberta, and Vancouver, British Columlsia, 
veil as the central offices in Toronto. 
Ir. Ellis was one of the earliest and most earnest 
nbers of the Canadian Manufacturers' Association, 
oting much time to its growth and development and 
oming one ot its best known members. He served as 
kident, 1898-1900, and became treasurer in 1917, 
gning in 1920. In the latter year, at the annual 
rting in Vancouver, British Columbia, he was unani- 
asly elected life member, a most unusual honor, Mr. 
3 being one of two men so honored in the fifty years 
tence of the Association. 

[r. Ellis was president of the Toronto Board of Trade 
903-04. During these years the following important 
ters were dealt with: Firemen's Union, Improvement 
Waterworks System, Toronto Technical School, 
ointment of the Railway Commission, Laborer's 
je. Esplanade Expropriation, James Bay Railway, 
si Railway Crossings. He served as a delegate from 
Toronto Board of Trade to the Sixth Congress, 
mbers of Commerce of the British Empire, London, 
land, in 1906, and during his stay in England was 
ented to King Edward. Mr. Ellis is a director of the 
vn Life Insurance Company. 

/ way of relaxation from the cares of business, Mr. 
I seeks the great out-doors. He is a member of the 
don Fishing Club, and was its president, 1903-05. 
is now vice-president of the local branch of the 
irio Fish and Game Protective Association. For 
y years he has been a member of the National Club, 
(hich he was president, 1901-02, and he was one of 
founders of the Commercial Travellers' Association. 
Mas served as a member of the board of governors 
pper Canada College. Politically he holds an inde- 
cent position, reserving the right to individual 
:ght and action. His religious faith aligns with the 
iiodist church. 

I> June 7, 1877, Mr. Ellis married Emma Maughan, 
' :hter of Nicholas Maughan, assessment commissioner 
le city of Toronto. Mr. and Mrs. Ellis have three 



sons: Fitzallen M., Charles G., Edward H. The family 
residence is at No. 81 Wellesley street, Toronto. 

SIR GEORGE WILLIAM BURTON— The honors 
and rewards of the legal profession came in deserved 
abundance to Sir George William Burton, who upon his 
retirement from active life was Chief Justice of Ontario. 
Those of Canada's barristers whose work at the bar 
stretches back over a period from a quarter to half 
a century and who brought the interests of their clients 
before him in the Provincial courts remember him as a 
jurist of broad knowledge of the statutes and of precedent, 
noted for the courteous yet dignified manner in which 
he presided over his court. He was a public servant, 
diligently faithful in every detail of his office, and the 
cause of right and justice was substantially advanced 
through his devoted labors. 

Sir George William Burton was the second son of 
Rear-Admiral George Guy Burton, and was born in 
Sandwich, England, July 21, 1818, being educated there 
and in Rochester. He sailed for Canada in a sailing ship 
in May, 1836, a youth of eighteen years, taking about 
six weeks to reach Quebec from Liverpool. He proceeded 
to Ingersoll, Ontario, to the home of his uncle Edmund 
Burton, who was practicing law there. After studying 
with his uncle, he was called to the bar, and remained 
for a short period in Ingersoll, then moving to Hamilton, 
Ontario, and shortly thereafter forming a partnership 
with Mr. Beasley, the firm being Beasley & Burton. Mr. 
Beasley died soon afterward, and a partnership was made 
with Mr. Sadlier, the firm for many years. Burton & 
Sadlier. In 1860 Alexander Bruce entered the firm, which 
became Burton, Sadlier & Bruce, Mr. Burton having 
been created a Queen's Counsel about this time. During 
this period Mr. Burton was solicitor for the city of 
Hamilton, the Great Western railway, the Wellington, 
Gray & Bruce railway, and acted as solicitor in 184'7 
in the formation of the Canada Life Assurance Company. 
In 1874 Mr. Burton was appointed a puisne judge of the 
Court of Appeal, and moved to Toronto at that time. 
Upon the death of Chief Justice Haggarty, Mr. Burton 
was appointed Chief Justice of Ontario, and shortly 
after that the honor of Knighthood was conferred upon 
him. He retired about 1898, and died in August, 1901. 
He belonged to the Reform party prior to his elevation 
to the bench, and he was a lifelong member of the 
Anglican church. During the almost quarter century 
of his judgeship he worthily and wisely upheld the 
dignity and honor of his judicial place, and his record 
is distinguished for his faithfulness and ability in ^dis- 
pensing justice, and for his courtesy upon the bench. 

Mr. Burton married, in 1850, Elizabeth Perkins, and 
they were the parents of: Warren F., Sophie E. M., Clara 
H., Louisa G., Manley, Emmie; George Francis, a 
sketch of whom follows; and Elizabeth F. 



GEORGE FRANCIS BURTON is a member of the 
Ontario bar, and has long been a respected citizen of the 
city ot Toronto. Mr. Burton comes of an old English 
family, and is a son of Sir George William and Elizabeth 
(Perkins) Burton (see preceding sketch). 

Mr. Burton was born in Hamilton, Ontario, December 
24, 1863. He received his early education in the English 
schools of his native city, and was prepared for his 
professional career at the University of Toronto. Called 
to the bar about 1888, he has since continuously engaged 
in the general practice of law in Toronto, winning his 
way many years ago to a responsible position, which 
he has since held, both in the esteem of the profession 
and with his clients. 

Socially, Mr. Burton has long been a member of the 
York Club, and he holds membership in the University 



76 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



of the Toronto Greek Society and the Literary Club. His 
favorite recreation is billiards, and he is a member of the 
Toronto Golt Club. Affiliated with the Anglican church, 
he is a member of St. James' Cathedral. 

Mr. Burton married, in Toronto, May 9, 1892, Mary 
Emmaline Biggar, daughter of James Lyons and Isabella 
Biggar, Mr. Biggar having been of English birth, settUng 
in the Carrying Place, Ontario. Mr. and Mrs. Burton 
have two children: Isabel de St. Remy, born December 
7, 1894, now the wife of J. K. Cronyn; and EUzabeth 
Warren, bom January 27, 1897. The family residence 
is at No. 61 Prince Arthur avenue. 



JAMES DIXON TREES— At the head of a leading 
and long-estabUshed mercantile and manufacturing 
enterprise, with interests centering in Toronto, James 
Dixon Trees is widely known in business circles through- 
out the Dominion. 

Samuel Trees, Mr. Trees' father, and the founder 
ol the present business, was bom in England, in the 
town of Walsall, in April of 1838, and died in "Toronto, 
January 19, 1918. Educated in the schools of his native 
place, he engaged in the manufacture of saddlery there, 
as a young man, and at the time of the Crimean War he 
was appointed by the British Government as inspector 
of saddlery supplies to the Imperial army. With the 
inauguration of the volunteer movement in England in 
1859, he was among the first who responded. While 
still a young man, in 1866, Samuel Trees came to Canada 
and settled in Toronto, where he became one of the fore- 
most figures of the business world. This was shortly 
before the Fenian Raid, but Mr. Trees had implicit 
faith in the readjustments of time, and immediately 
established the business enterprise which has now 
reached such large proportions. His first activities were 
limited to the importing of saddlery and trunks, and 
the business was founded on Colbome street, near the 
market, later being removed to King street. East, at a 
point near its junction with Jarvis street. As time passed, 
the scope ol the business was later broadened by the 
manufacture of horse blankets, horse collars and harness. 
The present Wellington street property was purchased 
in 1874 and the Colbome street property in 1905, and 
at this location the business has since continued, and 
the founder, although for many years sharing his burdens 
with his son, James Dixon Trees, was actively identified 
with its management until the time of his death. 

A man of broad interests and generous impulses, 
Samuel Trees took a constructive part in many branches 
of public endeavor. A staunch Conservative, he never 
sought political honors, his service in representing the 
old St. Thomas Ward in the City Council (1882-83) 
being the extent of his mingling in political affairs. 
Deeply interested in educational progress, he served 
as a trustee and member of the council of Wycliffe Col- 
lege for more than twenty-flve years. He was for more 
than forty years treasurer of St. George's Society, in 
the work of which he was very active, and served this 
organization as its president in the year 1877. He was 
also for years one ol the senior managers of the House 
of Industry, and was connected with these various 
organizations in official capacity up to the time of his 
death. Samuel Trees was a man of deep religious 
convictions, and consecrated a generous measure of his 
time and means to the advancement of church work in the 
Dominion. He was for many years a member of the board 
of the Upper Canada Bible Society. A lifelong Anglican, 
he was a member of All Saints' Church of Toronto, and 
served as church warden for thirteen years, also being 
a prominent member of the Toronto Diocesan Synod. 
At the time of his death there were few better known 
men, and he was sadly mourned by those to whom his 



life was an open book, and also by those whose lives h 
been enriched by his benevolences. 

Samuel Trees married Miss J. F. Dixon, a sister 
Major (Rev.) Canon Dixon, and a member of a tam 
identified with the progress of Toronto for more th 
a century. They were the parents of the followi 
children, four sons and three daughters: 1. James D., 
further mention. 2. Samuel L., manager of the Whit 
(Ontario) factory of Samuel "Trees & Company, L 
3. Lieutenant Christopher F., who enlisted during t 
World War in the 234th Peel Battalion in the spri 
of 1916, and was sent overseas. Upon arriving in Engla 
he was transferred to the 198th Canadian Buffs at Witl 
Camp and later crossed to France with the 2nd C. ; 
Rifles. He was killed in action in the Battle of Cambr 
September 29, 1918. He was an all-round athlete, a me 
ber of the Argonaut Rowing Club ; life member of Ro; 
Canadian Yacht Club; and a member of Rosedale O" 
Club. He was a member of the Chruch of England, bei 
secretary of St. Peter's Sunday School; member 
Zetland Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons; on the boa 
of the Upper Canada Bible Society, and life member 
St. George's Society. 4. Lieutenant Alexander Geori 
who enlisted at the same time as his brother, Lieutent 
Christopher F., in the same battalion and was transfer! 
with him. He was badly wounded August 9, 1918, at t 
battle of Amiens. He returned to "Toronto, where 
resumed his business connection with Samuel Trees 
Company, Ltd., as a director. 5. Charlotte E. 6. Edil 
7. Ethel. 

James Dixon Trees, eldest son of the above fami 
was born in Toronto, August 8, 1877. Receiving 1 
early education in the public schools of his native cil 
he completed his studies at the Jarvis Street Collegis 
Institute. From boyhood interested in the business 
which his father was engaged, Mr. Trees became ide 
tified with the firm as an employee at the age of sixte 
years, beginning at the bottom and learning the busint 
from every angle. With its expansion, and the establis 
ment of the branch at Winnipeg, Manitoba, in 19( 
which has since handled all the western business, he h 
kept in touch with every significant movement, and upi 
the incorporation of the business in 1908, he was elect 
vice-president and general manager. With the dea 
of his father, who from the incorporation until that tir 
was president of the concern, James D. Trees succeed 
to that office, which he still holds. The business is n< 
one of the foremost in the Dominion in this field, mar 
facturing harness in their Toronto plant, having a lai 
factory in Whitby, Ontario, for the manufacture of ho' 
blankets and collars. In addition to the above they i 
jobbers of automobile accessories, and shoe findin 
They do an extensive business throughout the Domin' ; 
of Canada, marketing these products through th 
own representatives. Mr. Trees has various all 
interests in the manufacturing line, being presid 
of the Trees-Spriggs Company, Ltd., of Winnip 
their western distributors; and a director of the Ha 
Manufacturing Company, of Whitby, Ontario, ma 
facturers of saddlery hardware. The old concern 
since its corporation been known as Samuel Trees 
Company, Ltd. 

A member of the Canadian Manufacturers' Asso 
tion and of the Toronto Board of Trade, Mr. Trees ser 
the latter body in 1920-21, as chairman of the Pu 
Service Committee, and is broadly identified with 
activities of the board. Politically always endorsing 
Conservative party, the exactions of business prec! 
active participation in political affairs. He is a men 
and treasurer of St. George's Society, a member of 
Royal Canadian Yacht Club, the Rotary Club, and 
Rosedale Golf Club. Mr. Trees is a member of 



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BIOGRAPHICAL 



77 



ncil of WycliSe College, and deeply interested in the 
ance of this and other educational institutions. He 
always actively identified himself with church work, 
member of All Saints' (Anglican) Church, and has 
'ed as vestry clerk for the past twenty years. 
Ir. Trees married, in Toronto, Caroline Nairn, 
ghter of Alexander and Elizabeth Nairn, of this city, 
they are the parents of two children; Frances Dixon, 
Elizabeth Nairn. The Trees town house is at No. 9 
•edith Crescent, and Mr. Trees has for twenty-five 
■s been a resident of Toronto Island, where he has a 
•ming summer home, and where he was instrumental 
iromoting the building of the present club house of 
Island Aquatic Association. 



lEUTENANT-COLONEL NOEL GEORGE LAM- 
IT MARSHALL— Of Mr. Marshall as a Toronton- 
the following has been written, and in itself it would 
e him in prominent position in a history of the city: 

irshall is a Torontonian of sixty-nine years, though not one of 
lative-born. He was cradled in Old London.and came hither 
1 he was four years old. He Itnows the Toronto that was. as 
lany men do. He makes no pretence to a deep and wide hlstorl- 
tore, but lilse many modest observers of events, he under- 
ates his descriptive iKjwers. It is no monotonous record to have 
; in tliis city from the Crimean War until after the greatest 
to have seen the Prince of Wales ride down Jarvis street in 
and to have ofllcially greeted the Prince of Wales for the 
bitlon directors in 1919 : to have ridden on the first trip of the 
iorse car that ever excited an Ontario populace; to have been 
urly present on the first electric car that -sped on these busy 
s, and to have had the first ofBce telephone In this part of the 

n to this is added the wealth of humanitarian and 
service that stands in his name, it is realized how 
nplete would be a narrative of Toronto without 
tory of his career. 

eutenant-Colonel Marshall, son of Kenric R. and 

lotte A. Marshall, was born in London, England. 

(ducation was obtained in public and private schools 

sronto, and as a youth of fifteen years he became a 

in the office of L. Coffee & Company, grain mer- 

ts. For three years he remained with this concern, 

entered the employ of George Chaffey Brothers, coal 

hants, where he remained from 1867 to 1870. He 

became associated with C. J. Smith, coal and wood 

r, in 1879 purchasing an interest in this business, 

1 had been founded in 1869 by Mr. Smith. In 1888 

Vlarshall, in partnership with Sir William McKenzie, 

lased this interest, and three years later its corporate 

I became the Standard Fuel Company, Sir William 

enzie withdrawing from the partnership in 1900. 

holesale operations in wood, which constituted the 

lal business of the company, were later added coal 

anthracite and bituminous. At present the 

Jard Fuel Company holds place among the most 

Jrtant dealers in the Dominion, of coal, foundry coke 

(svood. The head office of the company, and eight 

tors, are located in Toronto, and a chain of depots 

ds throughout the Province. More than two 

red people are employed in the conduct of this 

ess, and the company's equipment is the most 

m and efficient for the handling and transportation 

commodities. Colonel Marshall is chairman of the 

I of directors of the company, and his son, Lieuten- 

Jolonel K. R. Marshall, is its president. Among 

jher business connections, Mr. Marshall is president 

Je Faramel Company, Ltd., of Toronto, and the 

ifnion Automobile Company, Ltd.; vice-president 

le Imperial Guarantee and Accident Company, 

Ibf the Chartered Trust and Executor Company; 

*or of the Sterling Bank, Western Canada Flour 

U^ Company, Ltd., and Canada Northern Prairie 

i^ Company, Ltd. 



The writer, quoted in the opening paragraph of this 
record, has written that Mr. Marshall's life is unique in 
that he has been a constant public servant without 
being in public life. He was a member of the Toronto 
Board of Education in 1890-91, a brief experience that 
caused him to resolve to have no more to do with public 
office. He was created Knight of Grace of the Order of 
St. John of Jerusalem in 1915, and was gazetted Honor- 
able Lieutenant-Colonel in the same year. He was the 
chief supporter of C. J. Atkinson in the founding of 
Broadview Young Men's Christian Association, and for 
many years has devoted no small share of his time to the 
Exhibition. He was president of the O pen-Air Horse 
Parade Association; vice-president of the National 
Chorus and Provincial Council; Canadian Boy Scouts; 
member of the Ontario Parole Commission; treasurer of 
the LajTnen's Missionary Movement of the Church 
of England; governor of the Western Hospital, Toronto; 
vice-president of the Hospital for Incurables; member of 
the board of the Children's Aid Society, Orphan Boys' 
Home, Working Boys' Home, British Welcome League, 
Imperial Home Re-union, Imperial Daughters of the 
Empire, Women's Welcome Hostel, Georgina Houses, 
and Bishop Strachan School. 

Mr. Marshall was chairman of the Central Council and 
Executive Committee of the Canadian Red Cross Society 
throughout the war period, and he was also an executive 
committeeman and active in leading degree in all loan 
drives. In this capacity he performed a notable work for 
humanity which, in all probability, could not be equalled 
except in other war-time annals of the Red Cross. 
He was indefatigable and successful in his efforts to 
bring together the far-flung branches in the Dominion. 
His knowledge of transportation truly was the bridge that 
crossed the gap between the Red Cross and all other 
societies. He was diplomatic and kindly; perhaps in 
this latter quality lay a great measure of his success. 
No branch was too small for his consideration; no indiv- 
idual effort was allowed to go unrecognized, even though 
his days and nights were devoted to addressing meetings, 
to administrative matters and to answering personally 
letters that were in a sense no part of his self-assumed 
duties. One of the high tributes that was paid to Colonel 
Marshall came from the women of Canada in May, 1921, 
when he was presented with a beautiful illuminated 
address and basket ot letters bearing the heartfelt 
gratitude of Canadian women from coast to coast in 
acknowledgment of the inestimable aid which had been 
rendered by him as chairman of the Red Cross in minis- 
tering to the men overseas. He was also presented with 
a silver service and address by the Governor-General at 
Government House, Ottawa, in October, 1920, on behalf 
of the Canadian Red Cross Society, and in the same year 
was made a commander of the Order of the Crown of 
Italy. He was likewise a commander of the Order of 
Regina Maria, Roumania; commander of the Order of 
the Crown of Italy; grand officer of the Order of St. 
Sava of Serbia; and a commander ot the order of Prince 
Danilo 1, of Montenegro. In July, 1916, he was presented 
to the president of France, in 1918 was granted an aud- 
ience in Buckingham Palace by King George, and by the 
Prince ot Wales in St. James Palace in 1919. By the 
French government he was created a commander of the 
Legion d'Honneur. The fact that he received the praise 
and thanks of all the belligerent countries speaks well for 
his tact and kindly sympathy, who ever put the work of 
the people for the people before a personal interest or 
thought ot public recognition. 

Colonel Marshall is a member of the York, National, 
Granite and Royal Canadian Yacht clubs, and is a 
Conservative in politics. In 1906, upon retiring from 
the presidency of the National Club, he was tendered a 



78 



THE MUNICIPA.LITY OF TORONTO 



banquet and presentation by the members of the club. 
In April, 1914, he was tendered a banquet and presenta- 
tion by the Coal Trade of Toronto upon the completion 
of forty-five years' connection with the trade, and this 
honor was also conferred in 1917, when, upon retiring 
from the presidency of the Canadian National Exhibi- 
tion, he was presented with an address and a silver 
service. In 1920 Colonel Marshall's portrait, painted by 
E. Wyly Grier, was unveiled at a banquet in the National 
Club, and a gold watch was presented to him by his 
fellow-members. He is a member of the Anglican 
church, and for twenty-five years served as a warden of 
St Matthew's. 

Colonel Marshall married, in 1879, Harriette Isabel 
Hogg, daughter of John Hogg, J. P., York Mills, Ontario. 
She died December 4, 1904. Colonel Marshall has two 
sons, Lieutenant-Colonel Kenric R. and Noel Clifford. 

THOMAS ROBERTSON— At the age of eighteen 
years, Thomas Robertson came from his native Scot- 
Uind, and with his four brothers established the firm 
of Robertson Brothers, candy manufacturers, of Toronto. 
Of these five brothers, Thomas Robertson was the leading 
spirit and virtual founder of the business, but all con- 
tinued therein until death called them except Gideon, 
who withdrew after about fourteen years' connection. 
He was the last surviving brother. The business now 
continues under the old firm name, three nephews of 
Thomas Robertson and sons of the original founders 
being the managing heads. These Robertson brothers 
were sons of Thomas and Jessie (Rutherford) Robertson, 
of ancient Scotch ancestry. 

Thomas Robertson was born in Selkirkshire, Scotland, 
September 11, 1838, died in the city of Toronto, Canada, 
April 19, 1917. He was educated in private schools in 
Scotland prior to 1856, and in that year came to Toronto, 
where he began his business career. There were five 
Robertson brothers, Gideon, William, Thomas, George 
and Alexander, who joined forces, and at Yonge street 
and Wilton avenue, Toronto, opened a grocery store with 
a confectionery department. The grocery business was 
in time abandoned and candy became the sole business 
of Robertson Brothers, while from dealers they became 
manufacturers, and from retailers, wholesalers. In 1868 
Robertson Brothers located at the present place of 
business, having been previously located at Yonge 
street and Trinity Square. Thomas Robertson was the 
inventive genius of the firm, inventing and patenting 
candy-making machinery which came into use in all 
candy-making countries. He became head of the business 
and conducted it after his three brothers had been re- 
moved by the hand of death. The company later was 
incorporated as Robertson Brothers, Ltd., wholesale 
confectioners, Thomas Robertson, president. He was also 
president of the Monetary Times Publishing and Print- 
ing Company, of Toronto, an office he entered in 1902. 
The following is quoted from the issue of the "Monetary 
Magazine" of April, 1917: 

Following the career of this joTimal with great pride, he wa.s 
always most ardent in the desire that it should strictly maintain 
the policy of the founders of the paper — to print an independent, 
outspoken, carefully written and property conducted buslnoss and 
financial journal. Throughout his business career, Mr. Thomas 
Kobei-tson believed in recognizing the best side of tlie human ele ' cnt 
in business and had the greatest pos-sibio faith in his fellow men. 
To the Great Beyond has pa.sscd an unobtrusive but efTective nation 
builder, a man who did noble deeds, without ostentation, a con- 
sdentiou-s citizen of whom other men said with truth: "Here is a 
gentleman." 

Thomas Robertson was a man of strong mind and 
character, self-reliant and not afraid to lead. He was 
a Liberal in politics, but strongly opposed to the Taft- 
Fielding Reciprocity Agreement of 1911. He was for 
Canada first, and his pubUc spirit was boundless. He 



was a member of the Toronto Board of Trade, 
Andrew's Society, Canadian Manufacturers' Assoc 
tion, York Pioneers' Association, Royal Canadi 
Ontario and National clubs, being a charter member 
the last-named. Mr. Robertson was a world-w 
traveler, a collector of fine paintings, and patron 
Canadian artists. He died in Toronto, aged seven 
nine, having been a resident of the city for sixty-( 
years, and one of the important business men of the c 
for half a century. 

Thomas Robertson married, in 1867, Elizabeth Vi 
of "Toronto, who died in 1911. He married in 19 
EUzabeth J. McKnight, of Toronto, born in Allist 
Ontario, who survives him, a resident of Toronto. 



COLONEL WILLIAM KIRKPATRICK M 
NAUGHT, C.M.G.— In reviewing the life of Colo 
McNaught, C.M.G., stretching over almost thr 
quarters of a century, one is unfailingly impressed w 
the intimacy of his association with those projects a 
institutions which are universally recognized as represei 
ing the finest effort and achievement of the Domini 
in many fields. Canada's sons, in large numbers, fou 
in the critical conditions of the World War the mes 
of valuable service to their fellows, but while Goloi 
McNaught's work in this emergency was surpassed 
none, its magnitude and magnificence could not dim i 
brilliance and worth of his devotion to the gene 
welfare throughout the long years of peace. His 1 
seems to have been described, in its far-reaching huini 
itarianism, by the injunction of the Apostle Paul in 1 
letter to the Philippians, for he had indeed thought 
"Whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things i 
honest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever thii 
are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsow 
things are of good report." 

William Kirkpatrick McNaught, son of John a: 
Sarah McNaught, was bom in Fergus, Ontario, Septei 
ber 6, 1845, and died in Toronto, February 2, 1919. Af( 
attending the public schools he was a student in Brai 
ford Collegiate Institute and Bryant & Strattoi 
Commercial College of Toronto, spending his early yei 
on the home farm. His entrance into business life was 
the employ of Robert Wilkes & Company, wholes! 
jewellers of Toronto, his first position that of invoi 
clerk, and in the nine years of his identification with tl 
concern he rose to the managership of the silverware a! 
cutlery departmeilt, and finally to the office of forei 
buyer. In 1876 Mr. McNaught established the Ni 
York office for this firm, and in 1877 organized, in Tore 
to, the wholesale jewelry house_ of Zimmerman, V. 
Naught & Lowe, continuing active in that firm un 
1885, when he sold his interest to devote himself entin 
to the oiganization of the American Watch Case Co 
pany. From 1885 to 1904 he was secretary and treasu 
of this concern, in the latter year_ succeeding to 1 
presidency and general managership, which he h 
until his death. His executive genius and almost unli 
ited capacity for management were responsible for ■ 
large measure of success that attended the operati 
of this company, and his untiring zeal and well-direc 
efforts placed it in a commanding position in its fi( 
He was a conspicuous figure in Canadian business 1 
and was vice-president of the Canadian Elgin Wa 
Company; treasurer of the Canadian Keystone Cresc 
Watch Case Company; president of the Trader Pub! 
ing Company from 1891 to 1905; and for twenty-t!- 
years editor of "The Trader;" vice-president of 
Standard Publishing Company, Ltd., from 1893 to If 
and director of the Porto Rico Electric Railway C 
pany, the Gore Fire Insurance Company, and the Cj 
solidated Optical Company. For many years he wil 




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BIOGRAPHICAL 



79 



illor of the Toronto Board of Trade; was president 
: Canadian Manufacturers' Association from 1896 
)8, and chairman of its taiifT committee from 1899 
[)5. Mr. McNaught gave generously of his time 
Gfort to the worlc of the Canadian National Exhibi- 
)f which he was president from 1901 to 1905, and he 
ed the tribute of the honorary presidency of the 
tion from 1905 until 1910. The effectiveness of 
ork in reorganizing the exhibition won deserved 
ciation partially expressed in the presentation of a 
service at a public banquet, and upon his resigna- 
f the presidency he was made a life member of the 
ition and a member of the executive. In 1907 his 
of the provincial industrial and business conditions 
jcognized in his appointment to membership on the 
3-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, and in 
he was again appointed a member of this commis- 
vithout salary. In 1905-1906 he was chairman of the 
[ of License Commissioners of Toronto. His 
:al convictions were Conservative, and he sat 
orth Toronto in the Provincial Parliament in 1906, 
ind 1911, his careei in this body marked by a fear- 
nd uncompromising advocacy of reform measures, 
ceived the public thanks of the Toronto Anglican 
I for having introduced a bill in the Assembly 
e abolition of treating in June, 1906, and in 1908 
troduced and staunchly championed a pure milk 
From 1909 until his death he was a director of the 
nal Consumptive Association, and he was also 
ctor of the British Empire League. Mr. McNaught 
;he author of numerous articles and pamphlets, 
pally on commercial subjects, and among the 
,gs that came from his pen were the "Canadian 
ers" and "Ontario's True National Policy in 
•d to Black and White Coal." 
onel McNaught was a Baptist in religious belief 
[filiated with the Bond Street Church, later with the 
I Street Church. He was intensely interested in 
;ic sports and was an authority on lacrosse, being 
uthor of two books on this game and serving as 
ary of the National Amateur Lacrosse Association 
1877 to 1880, and president from 1880 to 1884. 
as also a member of the Royal Canadian Yacht 
and vice-president of the Toronto Rowing Club 
1873 to 1875. He was president of the National 
from 1897 to 1901, and in this period reorganized 
enerally revivified the club, in recognition of these 
es being presented with a silver loving cup and 
g his portrait, by E. Wyly Grier, R. A., hung in the 

1866 he enlisted as a private in the Queen's Own 
, No. 4 Company, rising to the rank of color 
mt, and later joining the Twelfth Battalion of 
Rangers, in which he was commissioned lieutenant, 
other officers and enlisted men he volunteered for 
lief of General Gordon at Khartoum, but the offer 
ot accepted by the British war office. At the out- 

of European hostilities in 1914 Mr. McNaught 
i his services to the government in any capacity 

he might be of use, and he was attached to the 
luarters Staff at Ottawa, with the rank of honorary 
!l. He served as a member of the special land 
)ort committee which standardized and purchased 
lechanical and vehicular land transport for the 
iian overseas forces, and at the request of the 
liter of Militia raised one hundred thousand dollars 
ibattery of armored cars. Later he superintended 
tganization and equipment of the 109th Regiment 
Jiadian Militia, and at the request of the members 
•♦f was appointed honorary colonel in 1915. Colonel 
tiught also was active in the recruiting and organiza- 
lif the 84th and 169th Overseas battalions. He was 



vice-chairman of the Industrial Association of Ontario, 
organized in 1914 by the municipalities of the Province 
to deal with the unemployment occasioned by the war, 
and he was also organizer in the same year of the Muni- 
cipal War Loan Association of Toronto, at whose 
disposal two hundred and fifty thousand dollars were 
placed by the City Council for loans in small amounts 
to needy citizens^ out of employment. 

From time to time in the course of his long distinguish- 
ed career Colonel McNaught was made the recipient of 
notable honors at the hands of his fellows, all of which left 
him as they found him, sincere, loyal and unselfish in 
his labors for the general good. In June, 1905, he was 
presented to King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra 
at Windsor Castle, and in June, 1914, he was made a 
commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George. 

Colonel McNaught married, June 22, 1872, Caroline 
Eliza Lugsdin, daughter of Ladds William Lugsdin, 
and they were the parents of: Harvard Young, a medical 
doctor, member of the faculty of Leland Stanford Uni- 
versity, California; Charles Boyd, a sketch of whom 
follows; William Carlton; and Edna P. L., who married 
H. R. Tudhope. 

CHARLES BOYD McNAUGHT— Bearing a name 
that has long been prominent in the Province and 
Doininion, Mr. McNaught, in numerous fields of activity, 
continues traditions of useful and sustained service. 
He is a son of Colonel William Kirkpatrick McNaught, 
C.M.G. (see preceding sketch) and Caroline E. (Lugsdin) 
McNaught, and was born in Toronto, April 14, 1877. 

After attending the Church Street Public School 
and the Jarvis Street Collegiate Institute, Mr. Mc- 
Naught became employed as junior clerk with E. P. 
Pearson, an insurance broker, from 1895 to 1898, and 
then for a time was his partner. In 1899 he embarked 
upon an independent venture and operated alone until 
1903, when he formed an association with George B. 
Shaw, as Shaw & McNaught. Their business was 
merged with that of J. B. Reed & Son in 1906, as Reed, 
Shaw, & McNaught. Mr. McNaught's business interests 
have extended into many fields, and he is an official 
of several widely known industrial organizations. He 
is president of the Consolidated Optical Company, 
manufacturing opticians, of which he was the organizer, 
president of the Sterling Coal Company, president of 
the Conger-Lehigh Coal Company, president of the 
City Dairy Company, Ltd., and president of the Pruden- 
tial Coal Company of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He 
also is a director of the Goodyear Tire & Rubber Com- 
pany, of Canada. He is identified with the work of the 
Toronto Board of Trade and the Canadian Manufactur- 
ers' Association. He was a member of the War Trade 
Board of Canada, upon which there were four representa- 
tives chosen from the entire Dominion, and served as a 
member of the Canadian Trade Commission. Mr. 
McNaught represents the Ontario Government as a 
member of the board of trustees of the Toronto General 
Hospital, and he is a member of Deer Park Presbyterian 
Church. In politics he is a Conservative, and he is a 
member of the National Club, which he serves as vice- 
president, the Royal Canadian Yacht Club, the Scarboro 
Golf and Country Club, the Rosedale Club, and the 
Union Club of Cleveland. Mr. McNaught is a member of 
the group of Toronto men-of-affairs who have bent their 
efforts along lines productive of general benefit and 
whose work has been pursued with public-spirited regard 
for the common welfare. 

Mr. McNaught married Violet L. Seath, daughter of 
Dr. John Seath, superintendent of education for Ontario 
from 1898 until 1919. They have one son, John C.K., 
a student in the University of Toronto. 



80 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



THE HON. and REV. HENRY JOHN CODY, 

rector of St. Paul's Church, Toronto, and fonnerly 
Minister of Education for Ontario, is an honored figure 
in the life of Toronto and of Canada. His career has 
been brilliant beyond the ordinary. It is as influential 
in the state as in the church. Rarely does one find a 
dergyman, devoted to his religious duties, exerting so 
much power in civil society. A brief and simple recital 
of the events of his life is the best proof of his place in 
the Nation and the community. He was born in Embro, 
Oxford county, Ontario, December 6, 1868, the son of 
E.J. and Margaret L. (Torrance) Cody. 

His education was received at the Gait Collegiate 
Institute and the University of Toronto; his theological 
training at Wycliffe College. He entered as an under- 
graduate in University College with the Prince of 
Wales Scholarship, and he graduated in 1889 with first 
class honors in classics and philosophy — a double first — 
winning the McCaul gold medal in classics and the 
Frederick Wyld prize in English for his essay on "Flor- 
ence the Mediaeval Athens." He is a B.A., an M.A., 
and an LL.D. of his alma mater. Conspicuous in classical 
scholarship, he also devoted himself to history, under 
Sir Daniel Wilson, and to English literature. Several 
of his college contemporaries, like himself, attained to 
eminence in life, such as Mr. Justice Duff, Sir Thomas 
White, Rev. Dr. Gordon ("Ralph Connor"), Sir Hamar 
Greenwood, the late Di. John Macrae, and Professor 
Stephen Leacock. 

From the first Dr. Cody was deeply interested in 
education; taught for a time on the staff of Ridley 
College, and lectured in Wycliffe College on Church 
Hbtory and Systematic Theology. He was a member 
of the University Commission of 1905, chairman of a 
similar commission in 1921, and is now a member of the 
board of governors of the University of Toronto. He is 
also one of the trustees of the Royal Ontario Museum. 
Closely associated with the Provincial School System, 
he was invited by Sir William Hearst, in 1918, to become 
Minister of Education, and his acceptance of the office 
was the signal for popular approval and satisfaction. 
His dual robe of clergyman and minister of the Crown, 
80 far from exciting censure, secured for him the cordial 
confidence of every element in the country. By necessity 
a member of a government, he retired from office upon 
the defeat of the Hearst Administration in 1919, although 
he himself had been elected by acclamation to the 
Legislature in an otherwise keenly contested general 
election — a tribute to his personality and his recognized 
fitness for the office. During the comparatively short 
term of cabinet service, he had been able to embody 
needed reforms in both elementary and secondary edu- 
cation, to enlarge the opportunities for technical and 
industrial training, and to secure from the Legislature 
the passage of the most important educational measure 
which his native Province had adopted for many years — 
the extension of the compulsory period of attendance, 
either in whole or in part-time, from fourteen to sixteen 
or eighteen years of age. This advanced step, placing 
Ontario in the forefront of educational progress, is now 
being applied and worked out. 

In his church. Dr. Cody fills a place at once unique and 
commanding. He has been a clergyman of the Church 
of England for twenty-eight years, and always associated 
with St. Paul's parish. He took priest's orders in 1894, 
and was Archdeacon of York from 1909 to 1918. But his 
fame has spread far beyond the bounds of a parish 
or a province. He declined the bishopric of Nova Scotia 
in 1904; was the choice of the laity at the election of a 
bishop for the Toronto Diocese in 1909; and in 1921 
again refused even higher preferment, as Archbishop of 
Melbourne, Australia, an unsought and unexpected 



evidence of his standing and influence at home a; 
abroad. The growth of St. Paul's under his fosteri 
care is one measure of his usefulness and authoril 
During his ministry St. Paul's had been three tire 
enlarged until now it is the largest Anglican chur 
in Canada, and the present edifice is a stately and ii 
pressive example of the early English and decorated ty 
of architecture. Its great organ is one of the dozen or 
largest church organs in the world. In the geneial actr 
ties of church life. Dr. Cody finds time for many labo 
is a member of the executive committee of the Missi 
Board of the Church of England in Canada, and 1 
ecclesiastical scholarship has been drawn upon in t 
recent revision of the Prayer Book. The degree of D. 
has been conferred upon him by Trinity, Queen's, Kn< 
and Wycliffe colleges, and the degree of LL.D. by t 
University of Manitoba. 

It is no easy task to define in a few words Dr. Cod; 
relation to the varied interests of social, municipal, a 
other branches of civil affairs; his intimate contact wi 
all sorts and conditions of men of every religious ( 
nomination, profession, and occupation; his help, 
and sympathetic encouragement of movements tendi 
to stimulate and direct mankind; his eloquence in 1 
pulpit and on the platform, and his devotion to Cana 
and the British Empire. Few men have used grea' 
talents, energy, and scholarship to better effect upon t 
character of those around them. He has travel! 
extensively, and is deeply read. In military matters al 
he has taken a deep interest, and is chaplain of t 
Queen's Own Rifles of Canada, with the rank of lieuh 
ant-colonel. 

Dr. Cody married Florence Louisa Clarke, daugh' 
of the late H. E. Clarke, M.P.P., of Toronto, and 1: 
one son. He resides at No. 603 Jarvis street, Toron 
and in summer at Morval Lodge on the shore of La 
Simcoe. 



REV. JOHN GILLESPIE— Rarely is it given to a 
man to distinguish himself in two fields of endeavor, b 
in the person of Rev. John Gillespie the business woi 
for many years felt the force of a discerning mind a 
progressive spirit, while his later years ^ave to t 
religious advance of the Asy the same qualities ripen 
to full fruition. Long a resident of Toronto, there t« 
scarcely an interest here, civic, social or religious, whi 
did not benefit by his devoted and constructive « 
deavors. Both as an exponent of business integrity a 
Divine Grace his influence was very powerful throu 
his daily contact with the people, and now still \\\ 
among them, an inspiring memory. 

The Rev. John Gillespie was born July 14, 1835, 
County Wicklow, Ireland, although of Scottish ancest 
He was descended in direct line from "Baron Dumfrie 
a hero of Bannockburn. Mr. Gillespie's father, Jo 
Gillespie, was a graduate of Trinity College, of Dubl 
Ireland, and until his death a tutor in that instituti 
His dearest wish was to see his son take holy orders, t 
at great personal sacrifice the father planned his edu 
tion, entering him as a student at Dundalk Board i 
School. The father's untimely death, only a few ye 
later, left the youth without means of continuing 
studies, compelling him to relinquish his plans and ei 
business as a means of livelihood. Accordingly, he beci 
identified with the celebrated mercantile establishmeii 
Todd, Burns & Company, of Dublin, where he remai 
during his stay in that country. In the year 1854 
common with many forward-looking young men of 
time, Mr. Gillespie crossed the Atlantic and came 
Canada, settling at Guelph, Ontario. Remaining tl 
for about four years, he then accepted an offer from 
old firm of A. T. Stewart & Company, of New York C 




d 




'PALITY OF TORONTO 

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BIOGRAPHICAL 



81 



lere he assumed a position of large responsibility, 
hile remaining in New York he filled other positions 
importance, and eventually returned to Canada 
1866, becoming a permanent resident of Toronto, 
ith this broadly comprehensive experience, Mr. Gil- 
pie established his own business in Toronto, entering 
B wholesale hat and fur field, the firm name at the 
ginning being John Gillespie & Company. The enter- 
ise was marked by immediate and lasting success, and 
r. Gillespie personally retained the management of the 
siness for twenty-two years. In the course of this 
ne his personality made a profound impression upon 
B business world of the day. Frankly acknowledging, 
len occasion made it seemly, his deep interest in re- 
ious matters and his convictions along this line, 
B most positive opponent of his views could only con- 
le his consistency, and respect and admire him for it. 
ir he not only gave generously of his time and sub- 
mce for religious work, but carried the principles and 
Bcepts of religious teaching into the daily transactions 
his business. The enterprise continued to prosper, and 
derwent various changes necessitated by the growth 
d development which brought it to a foremost position 
its particular field, and still exists, under the name of 
s Gillespie Fur Company, Ltd. During his business 
reer Mr. Gillespie was identified with much of the 
mmercia! and civic advance of the city of Toronto, 
ing a member of the Toronto Board of Trade, he was 
10 a member of the Dominion Board of Trade, and he 
•ved as treasurer of both these important bodies. He 
s also a director of the Bristol Mortgage Company, 
d from early in its history until his death he was 
inaging director of the Dominion Lands Coloniza- 
in Company. 

Meanwhile, although Mr. Gillespie, as a young man, 
IS compelled by circumstances to lay aside his plans 

• a position of prominence in the religious world, he was 
levoted and indefatigable lay worker. No service was 
3 humble to receive his earnest attention, and he came 

be one of the most valued assistants at St. James' 
ithedral, of which he was for many years a member. 
; was appointed superintendent of St. James' Sunday 
hool under the pastorate of the late Very Rev. Dean 
asett, and his leadership of this body was a story of 
ry striking success. Always appreciative of the view- 
int of childhood and youth, his cordial sympathy and 
nning personality increased the membership until the 
nday school had the very remarkable attendance of 
teen hundred pupils. Almost coincidentally with his 
^ing up the Sunday school work, Mr. Gillespie became 
urch-warden ol the cathedral. In this connection he 
1 a great work for the material good of the parish, being 
e of the leaders in the movement tor erecting a steeple 

• the edifice, and making. other additions and improve- 
jnts in keeping with the dignity and beauty of the 
ihitecture, which have made St. James' Cathedral one 

the finest church edifices of the entire Dominion, 
s work was recognized by the placing ot his name upon 
3 marble sphere which forms the cap-stone of the spire. 
But through all these years Mr. Gillespie never for 
e moment forgot the original purpose to which his life 
d been consecrated, and the desire of his father that 
should become a member ot the clergy. For a number 
years before he retired from business he was making 
separation for consummation of his purpose — the ful- 
bient of his father's wish. He felt that the personal 
;cess which he had achieved bore but slight significance 
the general advance, and he cherished the old aspira- 
n toward a higher plane of effort, a field in which the 
ritual growth of men's souls should be his daily care, 
king time from his business interests, he took up the 
ial course in theology under a private tutor, and 



prepared for ordination. He was ordained deacon by the 
Rt. Rev. Arthur Sweatman, Bishop of Toronto, in 1887, 
being ordained priest the following year by the same dig- 
nitary. His first appointment was as assistant, under the 
late Canon Sanson, at "Little" Trinity Church, of Toron- 
to, but he was retained in this position for only a short 
time. His ability and the excellent work he did for this 
parish gave him a standing among the foremost clergy- 
men of the day. The improvements he made on the 
church edifice amounted practically to its rebuilding, and 
his thoroughly businesslike handling of its financial 
affairs placed it upon a sound economic basis, and gave 
it a new lease ol life. 

The most noteworthy feature, however, of Mr. Gilles- 
pie's progress in the work of his sacred office was the fact 
that among the people with whom he had come in daily 
contact as a man of large mercantile interests, people 
who had known him only as a business man, he was 
received and acknowledged a man of God. So fully 
and completely had his commercial career measured 
up to the approved standards of honor and integrity 
that even "in his own country and among hisown kin" 
he was accepted as a worthy apostle of the religious life. 
His appointment, in 1890, as rector of the Church of the 
Messiah, in Toronto, then just set apart as an indepen- 
dent parish, placed him in a position of great hardship, 
and at the same time of great privilege. As the head of 
a struggling congregation, without a home other than its 
small and inadequate temporary mission house, the 
pecuniary rewards of his labor were negligible, but the 
opportunity for high achievement was well nigh un- 
exampled. His zeal and devotion form a significant theme 
running through the entire early history of the church, 
like a melody rising above the accompanying chords 
until hushed by the Author of all Harmony. His ceaseless 
efforts brought into being the wonderfully beautiful 
structure on Avenue road now known as the Church of 
the Messiah. Through all the discouragements attend- 
ant upon such an undertaking, he led his parishioners 
with unfaltering faith and courage, much of the time 
his dauntless attitude being the only influence which held 
the workers together in their forward struggle. A year 
before his death his flock expressed their appreciation 
of his labors by presenting him with a beautiful gold 
watch, suitably inscribed, a fitting address being tendered 
him upon the occasion of its presentation. Rev. John 
Gillespie has passed on to the rewards ot Christ-like 
endeavor, and among the younger generation now grow- 
ing up, his name is only one of many honored names, 
but the Church of the Messiah will stand for many gen- 
erations, pointing both the worshipper and the casual 
passer-by to the higher life, and in this structure his 
name will live as long as it shall stand. 

Other bodies of organized effort and wide benevolence 
also benefited by the personal activity and public 
influence of Mr. Gillespie. He was for years a member of 
the executive committee of the Diocese of Toronto, and 
chairman of the Toronto Rectory Fund. Long govern- 
ment trustee of the Toronto General Hospital, he was 
a member of the board of the Toronto Orthopaedic 
Hospital, and was chairman of the House of Industry. 
He gave of his best efforts and of his personal means to 
every worthy cause brought to his attention, never 
questioning whether the part he bore should receive any 
recognition or recompense of praise. Few have served 
so wholeheartedly for the sake of the good to be ad- 
vanced, with so little thought of personal aggrandize- 
ment, in any cause at any time, and his loss came as a 
deep bereavement to many individuals and organiza- 
tions. 

A year before his death Mr. Gillespie's health became 
very precarious, but he continued to fulfill his duties 



82 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



as rector until within two months of the end. He died 
Saturday morning, July 23, 1904, and the following day 
all the services at the Church of the Messiah breathed of 
sorrow, emblems of mourning appearing in profusion. 
The Rev. Robert Sims, who for some years had been the 
deceased rector's assistant, preached the morning sermon, 
and Rev. Canon Sweeny, of St. Philip's Church, preached 
the evening sermon. His presence was vividly recalled 
in the reverent words spoken of him by his colleagues, 
and by the singing of his favorite hymns. The "Dead 
March from Saul" concluded both services, the con- 
gregation standing. The funeral obsequies were held at 
the church, which was the object of his loving and 
devoted labors, at three o'clock on the afternoon of 
July 25th, the services being conducted by the Bishop 
of Toronto, assisted by Rev. Canon Sweeny, Rev. J. 
Pitt Lewis, and Rev. Robert Sims. Many very beauti- 
ful floral tributes attested to the esteem in which the 
deceased rector was held, and the large congregation 
in attendance told even more truly what the man and 
his work had meant to the people of the city. 

Mr. Gillespie married (first) in 1855, Hester Ellis 
Cunningham, who died in 1876, leaving six children, of 
whom three survive their father: Mrs. J. H. Brock, of 
Winnipeg; Frederick G. Gillespie, of New York City; 
and Mrs. Oswald W. Howard, of Montreal. Mr. Gillespie 
married (second) Julie Rowland, daughter of H. S. 
Howland, the founder and first piesident of the Imperial 
Bank of Canada, whose son, Peleg Howland, is now the 
president. Mr. Howland was also the founder of the 
hardware firm now well known under the name of the 
H. S. Howland, Sons & Company, Ud. He was for many 
years one of the most broadly prominent men of the city 
of Toronto. Mrs. Julie (Howland) Gillespie with her 
children, survive Mr. Gillespie. Children: Ardelia, wife 
of C. H. Watson, of Hamilton, Ontario; Julie, wife of 
Adrian Millinan, of Toronto; Kathleen, wife of Dudley 
Kelly, of California; Laura, who resides at home; How- 
land, with the Gillespie Fur Company, Ltd., of Toronto, 
of which his father was the founder, as above noted; 
Paul p., who served in the Great World War as a lieuten- 
and in the Flying Corps, and is now in the insurance 
business; and John K., who also served in the Great 
World War, won the Military Cross, was discharged with 
the rank of major, and is now also in the insurance busi- 
ness. 

The life and work of Rev. John Gillespie presents 
to the most casual reader a loyalty to high ideals and 
fidelity to worthy purposes seldom surpassed. His 
history can reflect only honor upon the city of his adop- 
tion, upon the wide circle of friends who still cherish 
his memory, and upon the sacred calling to which so 
large a share of his energy was given. The world is better 
for his having lived and labored in it, and every life is 
richer which had the privilege of touching his. 



JAMES FAIRHEAD— For almost half a century 
engaged in the ice business, James Fairhead has for many 
years been a leader in this line of endeavor in Toronto. 
Mr. Fairhead is a son of James and Elizabeth (Fisher) 
Fairhead, who were both born in England. A farmer by 
occupation, the father went to Australia while still a 
young man, in 1847, taking his family with him. After 
being there for about two years, engaged in farming, 
gold was discovered within one hundred miles of his 
farm. Unlike the majority of the farmers who rushed 
to the gold fields, he continued his agricultural pursuits, 
and due to the scarcity of farm products, he was able 
to sell at extraordinary prices, accumulating a fortune 
within a few years. In 1857 he returned to England and 
resumed farming there. His death, by accident, occurred 



in 1873, cutting short his career just as he was lookini 
forward to spending his declining years in comfort. 

James Fairhead, the son, who is recognized toda; 
as one of the leading figures in the ice bu.siness in Ontario 
was born in Penrith, Australia, December 20, 184J 
Educated in England, he came to Canada in 1871, am 
settled in the village of Yorkville, now Toronto. Re 
turning to England in 1872, he again came to Canad 
in 1878 with his mother and his seven brothers am 
sisters, he being the eldest son, and until the younge 
children were settled in life he was the head of th 
family. Once more locating in the village of Yorkvillt 
Mr. Fairhead bought out a brickyard in North Torontt 
which he carried on until 1876, when he entered the ic 
business. First purchasing the Spring Water Ice Cora 
pany, of Toronto, he found himself obliged, as tim 
passed, to extend his activities to meet the constantl 
increasing demand of the growing city. In 1886 he bega 
procuring ice from Lake Simcoe, and at that tim 
changed the firm name to the Lake Simcoe Ice Companj 
In 1892 the concern was incorporated, and at this tim 
an amalgamation of five other companies was effectec 
Mr. Fairhead being made manager of the concern. I 
1899 he was elected president of the company, and ha 
since held this position in addition to its general managei 
ship. The constant growth of the business has been sue 
that the concern is undoubtedly the largest ice compan 
in the city of Toronto. Their ice manufacturing plant 
are located at the foot of George street, and No. 10 
Dupont street, and are operated night and day, wint« 
and summer, their output amounting to one hundred an 
sixty-five tons daily, when run to capacity, as is almoe 
always the case. Their output of natural Lake Simco 
ice of course varies with the season, running from one t 
eight hundred tons daily. They not only supply the cit 
of Toronto and near-by towns, but ship throughout th 
Province of Ontario. 

Mr. Fairhead is a member of the Toronto Board « 
Trade, and is a Liberal in political convictions. Politia 
as such, have little interest for him, but he has bee 
deeply concerned in movements of civic improvement an 
progress and has been identified with much constructiv 
work in this field. He is a member of St. Paul's Methodis 
Church, and is very active in its various undertaking: 
He has been a trustee for more than forty years, durin 
fifteen years of which time he was treasurer of the churcl 
For some time he has been a director of the Upper Canad 
Bible Society, seryingon several of the various commil 
tees of that organization. His chief recreation is foun 
in lawn bowling, and he is a member of the Canada liaw 
Bowling Club. 

Mr. Fairhead married (first) in the spring of 187* 
Catherine Shaw, daughter of Robert Shaw, of Toronb 
by whom he had three sons and two daughters: Henr 
James, now vice-president and assistant manager < 
the above concern; Helena; Ella May; Norman Edga 
associated with his father and elder brother; and Nev 
man Allen, engineer of the manufacturing plant. Mr 
Fairhead died in May, 1909, and two years later M 
Fairhead married her sister, Margaret Jane. His cit 
residence is at No. 193 St. George street, Toronto, at 
his summer home on Shaw's Island, Lake Muskok 
where he has spent his summers for the past thirt; 
eight years, enjoying its beautiful environment 
lake and wood. 



COLONEL WILLIAM CAMPBELL MACDONAL 

— Upon the roll of Canada's sons who contributed 
world freedom and justice in the Great World War 
the name of Colonel William Campbell Macdonald. A( 
ive in military life from his youth and a patriot of t 
finest type, it was not, however, granted him to fall ' ! 




k!^^ — .■'~^^-—'l\ — ^ ^ i«»..i — ^--^ 



TY 



vTO 



iii tli« aervi 
Mnow, ♦aroi'ti" 
The Rev. Ro)>« 

mod R«T. C 



^i'-^ careor jritt as he was ! 
■Ts in com'' 
recojrni'/,. 



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llage of J 

.' ara in North 

vvhen he enteri 

'"'•ng Water ; 

' obliged, 

-'pv. the (. 



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inning fro 
, nlysuppi: 

y WwBs, but ship throug': 



L-mber of St. Paul's M 

c in its various undf- 

for more than forty year. 

i me hp yn? tr^asatfT of th > 



,■;•■> rpcroaiio! 
«f of tbeCan:i 



tie spring 
Shaw, of ' 
daughter;:^ 

:stant mw 



:.'or 01 me rfiaiiuiaci.ur.r.g pia- 
1 May, 1909, and two years i. 
>. ..td her sister, Margaret Jane. 
at No. 193 St. George street, Tor 
'f home on Shaw's Island, L^ke i' 
liM Bp«r.t his summers for the pas: 
enjoying ita beautiful environ' 
wood. 



'tPBELLMACDi^r 

'tis who contrih 
:e Great World 
1>)ki11 Macdonald.j 
' ;rifl a patriot 
him to ' 





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iiI:ocT<'(l »nri-*f--<'i'ore ana len vmrs, nv emer"'! :um etguurt. 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



83 



field, his death on January 21, 1917, resulting from 
accident at the Toronto Union Station, as he was 
ding farewell to troops of his command proceeding 
rseas. It had not required the crisis of a world at war 
bring home to Colonel Macdonald's fellows the 
mgth of his character and the depth of his nature, for 
he business world he held high place, and in the social 
les in which he moved he was held in respect and 
ird, whole-hearted and enduring. His stand upon 
:al and ethical questions was uncompromisingly taken 
m a high level, and he was tolerant and considerate 
he rights and privileges of his associates, among whom 
was extremely popular. In Toronto's history his life 
)rd is illuminated by the steady light of noble pur- 
es and attainments. 

lolonel William Campbell Macdonald was the son of 
ijamin and Dorothea (Campbell) Macdonald of 
nguacousy, in the County of Peel, Ontario, and was 
n in the County of Peel on May 31, 1856. He was 
cated in the public schools and by private tutor, and 
m nineteen years of age entered the office of the 
isurer of the County of York, and five years later 
led the staff of the Confederation Life Association, 
^hich he became managing director and actuary in 
4. He was a noted authority upon life insurance; 
counsel bore the weight of exact knowledge, and his 
iding was attested by his election in 1910 to the 
sidency of the Toronto Insurance Institute, and later 
president of the Actuarial Society of America. 
Jolonel Macdonald joined the militia in 1878 on 
stment in the "Queen's Own Rifles" of Toronto, 
ig promoted in successive grades to the rank of cap- 
1 and adjutant, and served with this regiment in the 
rth West Rebellion in 1885, being present at the 
lief of Battleford and the operations against Chief 
Bear. He became a major in the 48th Highlanders on 
organization in 1892, and lieutenant-colonel, comman- 
g the regiment from 1900 to 1906, and after com- 
inding the Sixteenth Infantry Brigade in 1908, was 
moted the following year to the rank of colonel, 
held a first-class certificate from the Royal School 
Infantry and wore the Long Service decoration. Dur- 
the Great World War he volunteered for service, and 
u at Camp Borden and elsewhere in Military Dis- 
itrict No. 2, as brigadier of the 1st Infantry Training 
igade. He was a lifelong enthusiast in rifle-shooting, 

I was on the Canadian Bisley Team two years, and in 
16_ won the "Daily Graphic" prize, and was at Bisley 
nird time as adjutant of the team; he was also presi- 
It of the Dominion and Ontario Rifle associations, and 
uident of the Canadian Military Institute in 1901-3. 
lonel Macdonald attended St. James' Cathedral, and 
B a member of the York, Toronto, Ontario Jockey, 
f-onto Golf and Toronto Hunt clubs, and for recreation 

II greatly attached to riding and golf. 

volonel Macdonald married, in 1887, Caroline Emily 
lid, only daughter of Frederick and Louisa (Barrett) 
lid, (see sketch following) and their children were: 
iFlora, who married William Batten McPherson, of 
•onto, son of the Hon. W. D. McPherson, K.C. 
iFrederick Wyld, an officer in the 48th Highlanders, 
b served with distinction in France and Belgium with 
f 15th Battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Forces, 
lining the Military Cross at St. Julien, where he was 
ien prisoner, and now aflSliated with the Toronto 
Ice of the National City Company of New York. 
Louise. 4. William Campbell, who died on May 4, 
19. 

ill Toronto mourned the death of Colonel Macdonald, 
ll he will be long remembered as an able and popular 
ber, who possessed not a single quality implied in the 
in "militarism," but who always advocated the 



maintenance of a proper state of defence, as a business 
man of splendid endowments, and as a citizen whose 
every work was good. 

FREDERICK WYLD, son of William Wyld, of 
Scotston, Queensferry, in West Lothian, Scotland, 
was born on December '24, 1832, and was educated at 
Irving Academy, subsequently serving an apprenticeship 
of five years with Craig Brothers, woollen merchants, 
at Edinburgh. In 1854 he entered the wholesale dry 
goods trade at Hamilton, Canada, in partnership with 
Henry Darling, under the name of Wyld & Darling, and 
eighteen years later, on account of rapid expansion, the 
business was moved to Toronto in order to occupy more 
extensive premises, and the name was changed to Wyld, 
Brock & Darling. In 1878 the firm was known as Wyld, 
Grasett & Darling, but in ten years Mr. Grasett re- 
tired and the original name of Wyld & Darling was 
revived, with Andrew Darling as partner. 

Mr. Wyld was known as a successful merchant of rare 
merit, and in addition to his executive duties i n the 
business which bore his name, many of the noted 
corporations and financial institutions received the 
benefit of his administrative talents, and his a.ssociation 
with any company was full evidence of his faith in 
its basic soundness and almost invariably a guarantee of 
its success and prosperity. He was vice-president of the 
Confederation Life Association, vice-president of tlie 
Standard Bank, president of the Fire Insurance Ex- 
change, and a director of the Canada Permanent Mort- 
gage Corporation, the Toronto General Trusts Corpora- 
tion, Dominion Transport, and King Edward Hotel 
Company. He was extremely industrious, taking keen 
enjoyment in the solution of business problems and 
overcoming commercial difficulties, and any organiza- 
tion with which he associated himself was proud to 
follow his leadership. 

Mr. Wyld was keenly interested in public affairs of 
a nonpolitical nature, and there are few figures of the 
generation past which symbolize more the public and 
private virtues which men admire. He realized the 
importance of education in Canada, and founded the 
Frederick Wyld Scholarships in English at the University 
of Toronto, and in Latin at St. Andrew's College, Toron- 
to. He was an active member of the congregation of St. 
James' Cathedral and liberally contributed to it and to 
innumerable charitable activities, and was one of those 
responsible for the organization in 1892 of the 48th 
Highlanders of Toronto, a splendid regiment which was 
afterwards commanded by his son-in-law Colonel 
William Campbell Macdonald (see preceding sketch). 

While a very young man, Mr Wyld married Louisa 
Barrett, who survived him, and they had one daughter, 
Caroline Emily, who married Colonel William Campbell 
Macdonald. His clubs included the York, Toronto, 
Royal Canadian Yacht, and Toronto Golf. Mr. Wyld 
passed away on August 26, 1912, after over four-score 
years of life, through which there extended an influence 
and example that was a potent force for righteous and 
effective living, conspicuous for high-minded unselfish 
citizenship. 

WILLIAM DAVIES— A resident of Toronto for a 
longer period than is granted many men for their entire 
lives, William Davies here made a distinctive place 
for himself in the community's business circles and in 
educational, philanthropic and religious affairs. He was 
a pioneer in the exporting of dressed hogs, building up a 
great organization in this line. As fortune favored him, 
he found opportunity for the sharing of his means with 
his fellows in deeds of broad beneficence. Passing the 
allotted three-score and ten years, he entered his eighties 



84 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



with scarcely any diminution of energy and with height- 
ened interest and zeal in the promotion of good works, 
and it was not until his ninetieth year that his strength 
failed and his passing came, taking from Toronto a 
venerable citizen, toward whom had lon^ been directed 
the loving regard of the vast number of his admirers and 
friends. The story of his life is a remarkable narrative in 
the extent of his practical achievements, the true generos- 
ity of his spirit as exempUfied in liberal gifts quietly and 
unostentatiously bestowed, his courage and forbearance 
under a serious physical handicap, and the length of years 
over which he continued a leading figure in the affairs 
of the City, Province and Dominion. 

William Davies was bom at Wallingf ord, near Reading, 
Berkshire, England, June 23, 1831, and was educated 
in English private schools. He then served an appren- 
ticeship in the grocery business at Henley-on-Thames, 
and was employed as a grocery clerk at Abmgdon and in 
the Isle of Wight, subsequently establishing in indepen- 
dent business at Reading. In 1854 he came to Canada, 
locating in Toronto, and opened a small provision 
store at the corner of Queen and Victoria streets, later 
entering the exporting business, and shipping dressed 
hogs to England. As the raising of hogs developed into a 
large Canadian industry, he branched into the export 
of bacon, upon which the business of the William Davies 
Company was founded. Mr. Davies was a man who in 
all things reasoned to fundamentals, and it was this 
mental habit that prompted him in his diligent activities 
in promoting the high standard of hog breeding now 
maintained in Canada. He was instrumental in introduc- 
ing among domestic breeders the improved Yorkshire 
hog, and the result of this far-sighted action was that 
within a few years Canadian bacon on the English 
market came into high repute. Mr. Davies associated 
with him two of his sons, who bore a generous share of 
the responsibiUty of his large interests, as he felt they 
were able to assume it, and their deaths caused him to 
admit Sir Joseph Flavelle, in 1891. From that time Mr. 
Davies gradually withdrew from activity in the organi- 
zation, turning over his executive authority to Sir 
Joseph and later Mr. Davies' grandson, E. C. Fox. 

Mr. Davies was prevented by deafness from many of 
the associations and companionships most enjoyed by 
men, and cut off to such an extent from intercourse with 
his fellows, he became an omnivorous reader. A strong 
character and a spirit capable of rising above adversity 
kept his outlook upon life cheerful and tolerant despite 
his infirmity, and he excelled in works of philanthropy 
and beneficence that could only have been inspired in 
sincere love for his fellows. He was a member of Imman- 
uel Baptist Church for many years and interested in 
denominational affairs, contributing to the Forward 
Movement of the church in liberal manner. Over a long 
period of years he purchased a number of building lots 
which he donated as sites for new churches. He was a 
donor of WaUingford Hall, on St. George street, as a 
residence for women students at McMaster University, 
and was one of the principal supporters of Brandon 
Baptist College. He bore a generous share of the cost 
of erecting the Queen Mary Hospital for Consumptive 
Children, and the Davies Cottage for babies at this place, 
and also donated a cottage at Gravenhurst, and the 
Infirmary there in 1920, while his concern for the wel- 
fare of the Women's Hospital on Rusholme road provided 
that institution with X-ray equipment and an operating 
table. Various bequests to the National Sanitarium 
Association reached a large amount, although all of these 
gifts, many of large proportions, were bestowed as 
a part of the day's work and of his realized duty. He 
made no virtue of his benefactions and, indeed, was 
so constituted that their omission would have caused 



him mental and spiritual suffering. Mr. Davies was 
ardent proponent of the temperance cause and felt 
a part of the religious creed to which he was so devout 
faithful. He was exceedingly fond of horses, was an ( 
oellent judge of the best in horse flesh, and his stab! 
were well known throughout the Dominion throui 
several noted representatives. 

WiUiam Davies married (first) Enuna Holtby, 
Henley-on-Thames, England, who died in May, 19( 
and they were the parents of twelve children, all of whc 
are deceased with the exception of Mrs. E. C. Fox, 
Toronto. He married (second) in 1907, Rosa Besi 
Talbot, of Caversham, Reading, England. 

Mr. Davies died in Toronto, March 21, 1921. T 
following is a tribute from Sir Joseph Flavelle, for ma 
years his associate in business affairs: 

William Davies was a man of stem Integrity, indomitable i 
and unflinching courage. He was tlie pioneer in Canada in cur 
bacon for e-tport to Oreat Britain, and rendered signal service thi 
years ago in importing and breeding the bacon type of hog, wh 
has given distinctive cliaracter in England to Canadian Wilts! 
sides. Ho lived to see the business which he foimded in a small v 
sixty years ago develop into the most important bacon-curing est 
lishment in Canada, imder the able management of his grands 
E. C. Fox, He was of the rugged, individualistic type, and in bi 
ness adhered to simple, truthful, direct methods, seeking for no 
vantages other than those he commanded by an initmate knowle 
and efficient administration of his business. Though long depri' 
of hearing, with characteristic determination and virile courage 
attended pubUc meetings and church services. No stranger wo 
know that the austere man, with Keen eye and sympathetic inter 
could hear no word of what wa.s said, or read or sung. He was 
uncompromising opponent of what he thought was wrong, ani 
generous supporter of causes in which he beUeved. He was a stro 
able man. The world would be richer if more men were passes 
of his moral earnestness and imbendlng firmness. 

COLONEL GEORGE GALLIE NASMITH, CM. 

— Colonel Nasmith's professional training and work 
normal times constituted an experience that proved 
great value in the Great World War, and a distinguish 
military record was added to notable scientific achie' 
ments. Colonel Nasmith is now a member of the ft 
of Gore, Nasmith & Storrie, consulting engineers, act; 
in broad scientific lines of work in the conservation 
health and wealth. He is a member of an old Scot 
family, youngest son of Mungo Nasmith, a Scotsnn 
from Greenock. His grandfather, at one time an aid 
man in Toronto, was 'commonly known as "Hon 
John," and his great-grandfather was the city archit 
of Glasgow, the designer of many fine buildings. Colo 
Nasmith is a cousin of Captain Martin Erie Nasmi 
V.C, commander of Submarine E-11, of Dardanel 
fame. 

Colonel Nasmith was born in Toronto, December I 
1877, and was educated in the public schools of t 
city and Jarvis Street Collegiate Institute. In 1900 
was graduated from the University of Toronto, and t 
years later completed post-graduate work in scien 
receiving the degrees of Master of Arts and Doc 
of Philosophy. From 1903 to 1910 he was chemist 
the Provincial Board of Health, and during this peri 
he conducted numerous researches, notably on ' 
poisonous effects of ordinary gas, the pUrity of foods a 
the methods of purifying polluted drinking waters. 
1910 he was asked to fill the new position of direc 
of laboratories of the City Health Department, s 
was chief assistant adviser to Dr. Hastings in 
elaborate reorganization of that department, wh 
now ranks among the most advanced and efficient 
America. Dr. Nasmith was in charge of the purificat 
of the Toronto water supply during the period when 
death rate from typhoid fever was reduced from for 
one to two per hundred of population. He was a 
successful in bringing about a comprehensive sche 
of milk control, as the result of which nearly $400, 
were saved by the elimination of a great quantity 



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BIOGRAPHICAL 



85 



iter from the Toronto milk supply (sold at nine cents 
luart), in the first year. A natural improvement 
quality occurred and additional regulations for clean- 
ess made its use absolutely safe. As a direct result, 
ant mortality was largely reduced in the city, and in 
probability much bovine tuberculosis among children 
;8 prevented. Dr. Nasmith has also perfected and 
tented improved methods in sewage disposal, 
[n 1914 General Sir Samuel Hughes, Minister of 
ilitia, assigned Colonel Nasmith to take charge of and 
apt his method of chlorinating water to the water 
pply at Valcartier Camp, where 30,000 troops were to 
concentrated. The success of the methods put into 
eration is attested by the fact that during the period 
im August 11th to the end of September no cases of 
Dhoid developed in the camp except in four men who 
tie there with the disease. Colonel Nasmith was then 
luested by the Premier and the Minister of Militia 
go overseas with the first Canadian contingent in 
irge of everything pertaining to the purity of the 
nking water supply and as adviser in sanitation. On 
lisbury Plain he was able to induce practically all of 
! Canadian soldiers of the first Canadian contingent 

had not been inoculated against typhoid fever to 
jmit to the treatment, and more than 9,000 men 
eived these preventive measures. He also had charge 
the purification of the water supplies and the train- 
; of the water details, started a laboratory to control 
! epidemic of cerebro-spinal meningitis, and was 
gely instrumental in having the men moved into 
lets and huts from the terrible condition of Salisbury 
lin. Colonel Nasmith also brought to the attention 
the war office the advantage of building large motor 
er trucks after plans drafted by him to purify water for 
! use of soldiers in the field. This system was adopted 
the British army, and by the end of 1915 filter barges 

1 filter motor trucks were in use along the western 
nt, while later on tlrey were used in the east. The 
thod of chlorinating the water in carts used by the 
itish army in the field was a less accurate modification 
the field method devised some years before by Dr. 
smith and published in the "British Army Medical 
irnal." 

^s there was no position equivalent to adviser on 
litation for a division in the field. Colonel Nasmith 
3 given command of the Canadian Mobile Laboratory, 
1 was attached to the British army in the field. There 
and his staff were engaged in efforts to combat disease 
i maintain the efficiency of the front line troops by 
irding their water and food supplies, by investigating 
i controlling epidemics of disease such as typhoid, 
sentery, spinal meningitis, and diphtheria, by inves- 
iting and assisting in methods for the disposal of army 
ste and refuse, and in numerous other ways. 
3n the day when the Germans launched their first 
1 attack. Colonel Nasmith with his assistant. Major 
nkin, chanced to be visiting the saUent of Ypres, 
)ut two miles from St. Julien. He saw the gas clouds 
rt up from the German lines, watched the French 
lonial troops broken and running from the effects 
the gas, and Canadian troops going in to fill the gap 
; in the front line, and left the scene to report to general 
idquarters only when the enemy was within rifle shot, 
made the first and only accurate report on the nature 
the gas used in the attack, suggested the use of the 
; mask, and subsequently did considerable work 
the effects of the gas and the efficiency of gas masks, 
hough Colonel Edward Frank Harrison is credited 
h the invention of the bon respirator, to Colonel 
smith belongs the credit for devising the first gas 
sk, an achievement which served to dampen German 
)es and which raised the spirits of the British forces 



at a time when the new weapon had caused their morale 
to sink low. His first mask consisted of a small production 
for the mouth and nose, saturated with hypo-sulphite of 
soda, and British women are said to have furnished a 
milUon of these within ten days. For this and other work 
in sanitation Colonel Nasmith was recommended for and 
shortly afterward made a Companion of St. Michael and 
St. George, and was mentioned in dispatches. Colonel 
Nasmith returned to Canada at the end of 1915 on six 
weeks' leave, and created a flurry in social circles in 
Toronto by his marriage to Mrs. Scott Raff, principal 
of the Margaret Eaton School of Literature and Expres- 
sion, an hour before he left again for France, thus 
bringing to a happy conclusion a love affair of many 
years' standing. 

After returning to France, Colonel Nasmith was 
chosen sole representative of Canada on the War Allies 
Sanitary Commission, then meeting for the first time, 
and was associated in Paris for a month with the greatest 
medical and sanitary experts of all the warring countries. 
At the completion of his mihtary service, the University 
of Toronto, his alma mater, bestowed on him the 
honorary degree of Doctor of Science, in recognition of 
his work overseas, and in the following year, at the 
same university, he received the diploma of public 
health. He has also been a member of the Academy of 
Medicine of Toronto since its inception, and in 1920 was, 
with Colonel Amyot and Professor McLennan, made an 
honorary fellow of the academy. He is also a member of 
the American and Canadian Public Health associations, 
the Arts and Letters Club, and the Engineers' Club of 
Toronto. He is the author of "On the Fringe of the Great 
Fight," published in 1918, and "Canada's Sons and 
Great Britain in the World War," published in 1919. 
The first book consisted of personal experiences, and 
the second, a much larger work, with an introduction by 
General Sir Arthur Currie, was an historical account 
of the part Canada and Great Britain played in the 
war. Upon leaving the city service in 1920, Colonel 
Nasmith became a member of the firm of Gore, Nasmith 
& Storrie, with headquarters at No. 625 Confederation 
Life building, and devotes his time to the scientific 
commissions undertaken by this firm. 

Among the numerous general papers that Colonel 
Nasmith has published on foods, milk, water purification, 
sewage disposal, and kindred topics are: "The Haematol- 
ogy of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning," "Changes In- 
duced in the Blood of Guinea Pigs in an Atmosphere of 
Coal Gas," "A Simple Method of Purifying Almost 
any Water Supply," "A New Type of Trickling Filter," 
"A Mobile Filter of Large Capacity Suggested for Use 
in the British Army," "The Chemistry of Wheat Gluten," 
and "Wind-Driven Currents in the Great Lakes." 

Colonel Nasmith has found his chief recreation in 
sailing and racing. For three years he held the champion- 
ship of the Kawartha Lakes, and also coached the noted 
Argonaut Rowing Club Eight. He is also deeply interest- 
ed in gardening and horticulture, is a member of the 
Toronto Horticultural Society, and has taken several 
medals at the different flower shows. He is active in the 
work of the Red Cross, is vice-president for the Province 
of Ontario, member of the executive committee, assistant 
to the chairman of the Dominion Red Cross Society, 
and chairman of both the Jimior Dominion Red Cross 
Society and the Junior Red Cross Society of the Province 
of Ontario. Colonel Nasmith is a member of the Baptist 
church, and in politics is a Conservative. Mrs. Nasmith 
is a daughter of the late Rev. Scott, of Owen Sound, 
Ontario. 



HARRY RYRIE — The name of Ryrie has long been 
known in Toronto in connection with the jewelry busi- 



88 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



ness, and this was the principal activity in the world 
of affairs of Harry Ryrie. In addition to a conspicuously 
successful business career he was even more widely noted 
as a man who gave himself without stint in the promotion 
of good works. The word philanthropist did not describe 
him, for that term can be earned by material gifts alone, 
and along with his substance Harry Ryrie gave of his 
thought, his innermost feelings, and his whole heart 
was in every enterprise for the welfare of his fellows with 
which he was identified. Toronto remembers him in 
sincere gratitude for a life of wholesome worth, and his 
place in her history is secure. 

Harry Ryrie was a son of James and Margaret (Pig- 
eott) Ryrie, and was born in Toronto, May 9, 1862. 
His early education was obtained in the Park public 
schools and the school that is now the Jarvis Collegiate 
Institute. His active life began with a five years' appren- 
ticeship to a watchmaker, and he then entered the retail 
jewelry trade with his brother, James, under the firm 
name, Ryrie, the Jeweler. Their first location was a small 
shop opposite the present Ryrie store, and the generous 
patronage that was here attracted caused incorporation 
as Ryrie Brothers, Harry Ryrie becoming secretary 
and treasurer. The business outgrew its first quarters 
and a new place was occupied at the northwest corner 
of Adelaide and Yonge streets, which satisfactorily met 
the needs of the business for a time, until the present 
store at Temperance and Yonge streets was made its 
home. The reputation of Ryrie_ Brothers extends 
throughout the Dominion, and those in the trade who are 
in a position to speak authoritatively say that it is un- 
surpassed on the Continent. Certain it is that through- 
out a wide territory around Toronto the name of Ryrie 
Brothers signifies the utmost in quality and reliability 
in all jewelry. 

There was no single interest outside of his business that 
claimed Mr. Ryrie more completely than the Young 
Men's Christian Association. For several years he was 
president of the Toronto branch, and he directed the 
campaign for one million dollars to be used in the 
erection of modern Young Men's Christian Association 
buildings in the city. He was a member of the Dominion 
Board of the Young Men's Christian Association and of 
the International Board. Mr. Ryrie was a trustee of the 
East End Day Nursery, a member of the advisory 
council of the Girls' Home, and was a leading member 
of the Jarvis Street Baptist Church. He was a member 
of the Foreign Missions Board of his church, and for 
many years taught a class in the Sunday school. There 
was no department of his religious or philanthropic work 
from which he derived more sincere pleasure than that 
which brought him into touch with children, for the 
appeal that they made to him was equalled by the 
attraction he possessed for them, and their friendship 
was an immediate and instinctive gift to him. Mr. 
Ryrie held the Knights Templar degree in the Masonic 
order, and he was also a member of the Royal Canadian 
Yacht Club, National Club, Lambton Golf Club, of 
which he was president, the Rosedale Golf Club, and 
the Mississauga Golf Club. In golf and farming he found 
his most enjoyable out-door recreation, and his marigold 
farm at Clarkson was one of his most treasured posses- 
sions. 

Mr. Ryrie married, at Richmond, Virginia, U.S.A., 
Christine Whittet, daughter of Robert Whittet, de- 
ceased. Robert Whittet came from Scotland to the 
United States shortly after the Civil War, and was 
senior member of the firm of Whittet & Shefferson, one 
of the largest publishing firms in the South, the firm 
still active in this line. Mr. and Mrs. Ryrie were the 

Barents of: 1. Helen, married T. H. Garrett, of St. 
louis, Missouri. 2. Evan, went overseas in May, 1915, 



as a lieutenant in the Forty-eighth Highlanders, Fori 
fifth Battalion, and was killed July 18, 1917, near Lei 
3. Margaret. 4. Ross. 5. Jack. Harry Ryrie died in T( 
onto, September 16, 1917. His life, usefully and u 
selfishly lived, is at once an inspiration and a splenc 
heritage to those who follow him. 

ALEXANDER ARCHIBALD ALLAN— His conn* 
tion with Toronto dating to the city of old, Alexand 
Archibald Allan, head of A. A. Allan & Company, Lt 
of Toronto and Winnipeg, is one of the foremost man 
facturers and merchants of Toronto as well as one of t 
oldest in point of active participation in business affa 
of the city. He is a native of Ronaldshay, Orkn 
Islands, Scotland, son of Alexander Kennedy Alls 
his father for many years prominent in the shippi 
industry. 

Alexander Archibald Allan was born May 14, 1842, a 
as a boy was brought to Canada by his parents, obtain! 
his education in Cobourg private schools and a milita 
school in Toronto, which was conducted by the offici 
of the Thirtieth Regiment. In 1861 he entered the ei 
ploy of William McMaster & Nephew, wholesale d 
goods merchants, with whom he remained for sev 
years before establishing independently as a manufi 
turer's agent, representing British drygoods houses. 
1877, when the affairs of Joseph Way & Company wt 
in course of liquidation, Mr. Allan purchased t 
business, and in 1877 organized the firm of A. A. All 
& Company, withdrawing from his agency connectio 
to give his entire time to this field of work. The eoi 
pany are manufacturing furriers, also make caps, ai 
are wholesale distributors of hats, caps, straws, glo\ 
and children's headwear. Upon the incorporation of t 
company Mr. Allan became president, the firm's locati 
for many years on Wellington street. West, later on B; 
street, between Front and Wellington streets, its hoi 
at the time of the destructive fire of 1904, when the bu 
ness was burned out. A new building, larger and mo 
modern than the old, comprising seven floors ai 
basement, was erected, and here A. A. Allan & Compai 
have continued their extensive transactions, it being i 
advertising slogan of the firm, supported by press 
facts, that "Quality plus Co-operation built the All 
reputation." 

Mr. Allan, who for many years has directed the poll 
that has resulted in this substantial growth and progrei 
is a member of the Canadian Manufacturers' Associatic 
the Board of Trade, a life member of the Royal Canadi: 
Yacht Club, with which he has aflSliated for forty yea; 
has been a member of the National Club since 1874, ai 
fraternizes with the Masonic order, a member of i 
Andrew's Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons for fift 
four years (since 1868). He is also a member of t 
Ontario Club, the Granite Club, and the Royal Canadi 
Institute. In 1890-91 he was president of the Coram 
cial Travelers' Association. Mr. Allan has long beer 
member of St. James' Square Presbyterian Chur 
having served upon the board of managers and as 
chairman for several years. His record of participat: j 
in business, civic, social and fraternal affairs is one 
exceptional honor, extending as it does, over a per 
of such unusual length, and his career during this ti 
has been attended by the respect and esteem of 
associates. Mr. Allan has been an enthusiastic devo 
of yachting, and is also known as an appreciative c 
noisseur of oil paintings and watercolor work and 
owner of splendid specimens of both arts. 

Mr. Allan married, in 1872, Elsie Milne Watt, 
Brantford, who died in 1921. Their children are: 
Ada. 2. Jessie Louise, deceased. 3. Arthur A., mans 
and vice-president of A. A. Allan & Company, I 




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BIOGRAPHICAL 



87 



4. Lillian F., married John Roy Williams, and resides 
in Palo Alto, California. 5. Major Frank S., manager 
of the fur department of A. A. Allan & Company, Ltd., 
who won his military rank in the 134th Canadian Battal- 
ion. 6. Herbert William, also associated with the organi- 
zation founded by his father. 

} HON. JUDGE FREDERICK MONTYE MORSON 

1 — When Judge Morson began legal study he put aside 
his early desires to follow the sea for a career that led 
him to the bar and finally to the ermine of judicial place. 
The loss of the English merchant marine or the Imperial 
navy was surely the gain of the Canadian bench, and his 
legal and judicial career is one of distinction and honor. 

Frederick M. Morson was born in Chambly, Province 
of Quebec, October 22, 1851, son of Frederick Morson, 
M.D., M.R.C.S. (Eng.) and Georgina M. (Kuper) 
Morson. Dr. Morton was surgeon on the staff to the 
King of Holland, and later an eminent practitioner in 
Montreal, retiring to Niagara-on-the-Lake after many 
years of successful practice. The son attended Niagara 
Grammar School and obtained his collegiate training 
at Trinity University of Toronto, whence he was gradua- 
ted in 1873, with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. Legal 
study with the firm of Blake, Kerr & Boyd followed, and 
in 1877 he was called to the bar, beginning professional 
practice in Hamilton in association with Edward Martin, 
in the firm of Martin & Parks. Returning to Toronto, 
he was connected in practice with N. Gordon Bigelow, 
iK.C, under the title of Bigelow & Morson, later Bigelow, 
Morson & Smythe. These firms were identified with 
jmuch important litigation and their members held de- 
Iservedly high rank at the bar. 

j Mr. Morson served for two years as deputy judge, 
iand on June 4, 1891, was appointed second junior judge 
for the County of York, Ontario, by Sir John Mac- 
Donald. As a jurist he has won and held for many years 
the respect and confidence of his colleagues of the bench 
and of the profession-at-large for even-handed justice, 
^dispensed always in accordance with the merits ot the 
icase and unfailingly free from personal bias or sentiment. 
I In 1920 Judge Morson was appointed a member of 
the Board ot Police Commissioners of the city of Toronto. 
iHe is a member of the Upper Canada Law Society. 
His fraternal affiliations are with the Masonic order, 
being past master of Ionic Lodge, Ancient Free 
land Accepted Masons, and was grand registrar of 
the Grand Lodge of Canada in 1890, and his club is 
the Toronto. He is a communicant of the Church of 
England. His record bears favorable comparison with 
that of any jurist of the Province in point of volume of 
work accomplished and the virtue of talents brought 
to the determination of justice, and he has a large 
personal following throughout the district. Judge 
Morson is an ardent devotee of outdoor sports, being 
particularly fond of hunting and fishing. 

Judge Morson married Katherine Le Brunn, 
eldest daughter of the late George H. Wyatt. They 
have no children. 



JOSEPH ANTHONY THOMPSON— For more than 
two decades prominent in professional circles in Toronto, 
Joseph Anthony Thompson is numbered among the 
successful solicitors of Ontario, and is a member of the 
widely known law firm of Aylesworth, Wright, Thompson 
& Lawr, with offices in the Bank of Hamilton building, 
in Toronto. Mr. Thompson comes of English stock, and 
is a son of Sir John and Annie (Affleck) Thompson. 

Joseph Anthony Thompson was born in Halifax, 
Nova Scotia, August 6, 1874. Going to the Mother 
Country for his course in arts and letters, Mr. Thompson 
was graduated from Stonyhurst College, England, after 



which he returned to Canada for his professional prepar- 
ations. In 1894 he joined the law firm of Beatty & Black- 
stock, of Toronto, as a student, and later finishing his 
studies at Osgoode Hall Law School, he was called to the 
bar in 1899. He immediately became a member of the 
present firm, and has since handled a general practice 
as solicitor. He has won a high position in the pro- 
fession, and is considered one of the leading men in legal 
circles in Ontario today. He is a member of the Canadian 
Bar Association, the Ontario Bar Association, and the 
York County Law Association. Politically, Mr. Thomp- 
son is a supporter of Conservative principles and policies. 
His social interests include membership in the Toronto 
Club, the Toronto Golf Club, and the Phi Delta Phi 
fraternity. He is a member of the Roman Catholic 
church. 

Mr. Thompson married, in Toronto, in 1903, Maude E. 
Temple, of this city, and they have two children: John 
S. D., and Eleanor Ann. The family home is at No. 10 
Prince Arthur avenue, Toronto. 

ROBERT CARSWELL— One of the veteran business 
executives of Toronto is Robert Carswell, who developed 
the important publishing and book selling interest of 
which he is still the head, active and alert to all progress 
at the age of eighty-four years. 

Robert Carswell was born in Colborne, Ontario, July 
19, 1838, and is a son of Hugh and Margaret Carswell, 
of Glasgow, Scotland, who made Canada their home. 
Receiving his early education in the Brighton Grammar 
School, the young man took a preparatory course at 
Belleville Seminary, then entered Wesleyan University, 
at Middletown, Connecticut, U.S.A., in 1859, in the 
class of '63. Meanwhile, from the age of eighteen years, 
he taught school for several years, then, after leaving 
the university, he again taught school for about one 
year, at Colborne Harbor. Coming to Toronto in 1864, 
Mr. Carswell acted as sales representative for the 
"American Cyclopedia," and while thus engaged took 
up the work which eventually became his life interest. 
Having an opportunity to purchase a few second-hand 
law books, he did so, and finding a ready sale for them, 
continued buying and selling in this way. He soon 
opened a small book-shop, over the old "Leader" office, 
and this business, founded in 1866, has grown to its 
present importance. With its early development, Mr. 
Carswell found it necessary to remove to larger quarters, 
on the corner of Adelaide and Victoria streets. Later 
buying this property, he erected the Equity Chambers, 
at Nos. 22-28 Adelaide street. East. In 1879 Mr. Carswell 
formed a partnership with Charles FVankish, W. E. 
Collins, and Arthur Poole, and under the name of Cars- 
well & Company, they did a very considerable business 
in law books, but later Mr. Carswell bought out 
his partners. In September, 1891, he formed a joint 
stock company, known as the Carswell Company, Ltd., 
Mr. Carswell being the president and general manager. 
Entering the publishing field at about this time, Mr. 
CarswelT's first work was "Clarke's Criminal Law." 
In 1909, selling the Equity Chambers, the business was 
removed to No. 19 Duncan street, and was continued 
there until 1919, then the site was again changed to 
Nos. 145-149 Adelaide street. West, its present location, 
where the company had erected a fine modern five-story 
reinforced concrete manufacturing plant, with its own 
printing and book-binding shops, the entire equipment 
being thoroughly up-to-date. The Carswell Company, 
Ltd., deals in law books only, publishing, printing and 
binding, importing, and selling new and second-hand 
books. Mr. Carswell has gradually relinquished his 
active management of the business, but retains the 
presidency of the company. J. T. A. Smithson is now the 



88 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



general manager of the business, in whom Mr. Carswell 
has entire confidence in his ability to continue the busi- 
ness successfully. Charles R. Brown is the representative 
of the company in the United States, where he sells 
many thousand dollars worth of books, both British 
and Canadian, and is very successful. In addition to the 
above interest Mr. Carswell is vice-president of the 
Cartwight Goldfields, Ltd., whose holdings are now being 
entirely developed and it is a promisingly valuable pro- 
perty. 

Mr. Carswell was a member of the Toronto Board of 
Trade. He is a member of the Church of the New 
Jerusalem, (Swedenborgian), in which he is extremely 
active, being the head layman of the church. 

Mr. Carswell married (first) at Iroquois, Ontario, 
Millicent Carman, daughter of Philip Carman, who 
died in 1866. They were the parents of a daughter, 
Emmeline, who married Prof. Alfred Acton, M.A. Mr. 
Carswell married (second) Martha Swan, and they were 
the parents of a daughter, Martha Roberta. He married 
(third) in 1881, at Edinburgh, Scotland, Mary Sophia 
Frankish, with whom he has had a very happy life 
for forty-one years. One child was born of this 
marriage. Flora Edina. 

REV. DR. HENRY SCADDING, educator, divine, 
author, and historian, was noted for his writings on 
historical subjects, particularly through his "Toronto 
of Old," before the present history had been planned 
or even had birth as an idea. His long life of eighty- 
eight years extended over the greater part of the nine- 
teenth century, and he is known as one of the out- 
standing scholars of his time, a devout and beloved 
servant of the church. 

Rev. Dr. Henry Scadding was born in Dunkeswell, 
Devonshire, England, July 29, 1813, son of John Scad- 
ding, who was for many years factor to Major-General 
Simcoe upon his estates in that shire. 

Henry Scadding came to Canada in 1821 and obtained 
his early scholastic training in Upper Canada College, 
where he was "head boy" of the institution in the first 
year of its existence, 1830. In 1832 he was appointed 
a King's scholar, which enabled him to pursue, without 
tuition cost, a course at an English university. He en- 
rolled in St. John's College at Cambridge University 
and in 1837 was graduated with the degree of Bachelor 
of Arts. Returning to Canada in 1838, he became 
a member of the faculty of Upper Canada College, and 
subsequently, after his ordination, was the organizer and 
first rector of the first free church in Toronto, the 
Anglican Church of the Holy Trinity. After many years 
of labor in these two offices, failing health compelled him 
to retire in 1862 from college work, although until 1875 
he filled the pulpit of the Church of the Holy Trinity. 
Even when he resigned from the pastorate he frequently 
assisted in the services, and to the end of his life was a 
regular worshipper in this church. 

Dr. Scadding received several degrees, including that 
of M.A. from Cambridge University in 1840, and D.D. 
from the same university in 1852. Dr. Scadding was 
chaplain to Bishop Strackan, and accompanied the 
Bishop on tours oi visitation to all parts of Canada. 
He was for several years editor of the "Journal of the 
Canadian Institute" of Toronto, and while occupying 
that position, and after resigning therefrom, con- 
tributed many interesting and valuable papers on 
philosophy, numismatics and Canadian and aboriginal 
archaeology. He was author of many monographs and 
volumes on historical, scholarly, and scientific subjects, 
and in 1855 was awarded the Confederation Medal by 
the governor-general in council. Dr. Scadding was 
president of the Canadian Institute from 1870 to 1876, 



and was the first president of the "York Pioneers." 
Upon retiring from the faculty of Upper Canada College, 
Dr. Scadding took up his abode in the quaint home he had 
built at Trinity Square, and here he did much of his 
writing, including his "Toronto of Old." In 1867 he was 
made a canon of St. James' Cathedral. 

Dr. Scadding married, August 14, 1841, Harriett 
Eugenia Baldwin, and they were the parents of Henrietta 
Mellicent, who married Robert Sullivan, a sketch of 
whom follows. Rev. Dr. Henry Scadding died in Toronto, 
May 6, 1902. His influence upon his generation is com- 
parable only to the influence of the church of which he 
was a part throughout the centers of its history. Stead- 
fast and true in all things, standing always as an in- 
spiration to a higher, richer, fuller life, and offering, in 
example and precept, the path to this lofty aim, he lived 
and died. 



ROBERT SULLIVAN was born in Toronto in 1838, 
and died there July 3, 1870. He was educated in Upper 
Canada College and the University of Toronto, being 
graduated, gold and silver medalist, with the degree 
of Bachelor of Arts. He studied law, was called to the 
bar, and became a member of the firm of Morphy, 
Fenton, & Sullivan. He was co-author with his partner, 
Mr. Fenton, of a text book on commercial law. He 
found his chief recreation in yachting, and whenever 
opportunity offered, loved to sail a craft. 

Mr. Sullivan married Henrietta Mellicent Scadding 
daughter of Rev. Dr. Henry and Harriett E. (Baldwin) 
Scadding (see preceding sketch). Mr. and Mrs. Sullivan 
were the parents of the following children: Adelaide, 
Henry Scadding, and Mabel Annesley. Mr. Sullivan's 
death occurred at the age of thirty-two years, bringing 
to an untimely close a career in which worthy achieve- 
ments opened in prospect. 

WILLIAM THOMAS MERRY, a native of Toronto, 
has been identified with the city throughout all of his 
active life, and is now head of the business of Charles 
Bush, Limited, manufacturers of printing and litho- 
graphic inks. Associated with Mr. Merry is Wilfrid C. 
Kettlewell, formerly manager of the Methodist Book and 
Publishing Company. Mr. Merry is associated with 
many circles of the city's life, social and civic, and is one 
of Toronto's leading sportsmen, taking a leading part in 
the promotion of local interest in horses and horseman- 
ship. The connection of the Merry family with Toronto 
dates to 1860, when Mr. Merry's father, Martin Merry, 
born in Reddish, England, came to Toronto in the 
interest of his own firm. While in Toronto Martin Merry 
decided to make his home here, entered the city employ, 
and for many years served in the city clerk's office. He 
and his wife, Harriet (Reynolds) Merry, born in Hull, 
England, are both deceased. 

William Thomas Merry was born in Toronto, Canada, 
October 23, 1868. As a boy he attended the public 
schools, beginning active life at the age of thirteen 
years, first as a clerk in the office of Stephen M. Jarvis, 
a barrister of the city, with whom he remained for three 
years. He next formed an association with the Methodist 
Book and Publishing Concern, subsequently being 
placed in charge of their publicity work, and continuing 
in this connection until 1909. In this year Mr. Merry 
became identified with Charles Bush, Limited, a com- 
pany established in 1907 for the manufacture of printing 
and lithographic inks. Mr. Merry purchased an interest 
in this concern and was made its managing director, 
in 1912 becoming president of the company. In addition 
to ink making, the company manufactures printers' 
rollers and padding gum, and are jobbers in dry colors 
and varnishes, also Canadian agents for Godfrey L. I 



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BIOGRAPHICAL 



89 



bot's carbon blacks, in which they are doing an 
ensive business with rubber and other concerns, 
presentatives of the company cover the Canadian 
ritory, offering a valuable service and co-operation to 
: employing printers of the Dominion, and a large 
lort business is also conducted. Mr. Merry is a 
mber of the Canadian Manufacturers' Association, 
1 a supporter of all concerted movements for the 
)rovement of industrial and commercial conditions 
Canada. 

At. Merry is a member of the Lake Shore Country 
lb and the Toronto Hunt Club. He is an ardent 
seman, numerous trophies testifying to his skill 
this branch of sport, and finds no greater pleasure 
n the mounting of a well-bred, well-formed horse of 
racter. This love of horses and aptitude in their 
idling have descended to his children, who have won 
ny honors at the Toronto show, 
rlr. Merry married, at Boston, Massachusetts, in 
)ruary, 1904, Grace Lillian Carter, of Boston. Mrs. 
rry is well known in the musical circles of the city, 
1 is one of Toronto's leading contraltos. She has been 
)ist in the Metropolitan, Central Methodist, Timothy 
:on Memorial, and other churches, and now sings 
;he Methodist church at Oakville, Ontario, where the 
lily resides. Mr. and Mrs. Merry are the parents of: 
lliam Harland, Richard Cleaver, Herbert Carter, and 
th Lillian. 



RVING HEWARD CAMERON— Among the lead- 
men of the medical profession in Toronto is Dr. 
ing H. Cameron, who began practice in this city in 
4, and has for nearly half a century been winning 
lOurs as well as rendering valuable service in the 
fession. 

)r. Cameron is of Scotch extraction, his grandfather, 
n McAlpin Cameron, having been born in Scotland, 
;nce he emigrated to Canada with his family in 1819. 
imong his children was Sir Matthew Crooks Cameron, 
} was born at Bullock's Corners, Dundas, Ontario, 
ober 2, 1822, and died at Toronto, Ontario, in 1887. 
Matthew C. Cameron was a man of large ability, 
1 one of the leading men of the legal profession in 
■onto, widely known for his resourcefulness, his wide 
I deep knowledge, and his equity in judgment. He 
i appointed to the office of Chief Justice of the Court 
Ilommon Pleas, and for many years exerted a strong 
uence upon the legal and judicial practice of his day. 
was knighted at the time he became a chief justice, 
I as a public-spirited citizen and a man of the highest 
;grity of character held a foremost place in the esteem 
his professional associates as well as of his fellow- 
zens in general. He married Charlotte Ross Wedd, 
' among their children was Irving Heward. 
rving Heward Cameron was born in Toronto, July 
1855, and after completing his preparatory education 
ered Upper Canada College. When his college course 
! completed, he spent three years studying law in the 
;es of his father's firm, Cameron, McMichael & 
i;gerald, in accordance with his father's wish that his 
Ication should be a broad and liberal one, and then 
:in his medical studies in the University of Toronto, 
;iuating in 1874 with the degree of Bachelor of 
iiicine. After spending some time in postgraduate 
ik, he went to New York City and to Philadelphia, 
Ire he made a special study of surgery. In 1876 he 
irned to Toronto and engaged in practice. He steadily 
Jt up a large and important clientele, and was emin- 
ly successful. He then studied in England, France and 
euany. As time passed, the quality of his work placed 
1 among the leaders of the medical profession, and as 
fTgeon he rendered service of such high value that in 



1900 he was awarded an honorary fellowship in the 
Royal College of Surgeons, at London, and in 1905 was 
made an honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Sur- 
geons, at Edinburgh. In that same year he was also 
given the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws by the 
University of Edinburgh, and was made a Fellow of the 
Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland. Meantime, he 
had been receiving other honors from his professional 
associates. In 1898 he was elected president of the 
Canadian Medical Association. He was also made a 
councillor of the Toronto Academy of Medicine; a 
member of the original staff of the Hospital for Sick 
Children, and a member of the surgical staff of the 
Toronto General Hospital. He was also a member of the 
surgical staff of St. John's Hospital and of St. Michael's 
Hospital, and was professor of surgery at the University 
of Toronto. He has served as president of the "Toronto 
University Alumni Association, and of the Toronto 
branch of the British Medical Association. He is a 
member of the Senate of the University of Toronto. 
He was formerly a member of the American Academy 
of Political and Social Science, and is now a member of 
the Soci^t^ Internationale de Chirurgie and of the 
British Association for the Advancement of Science. In 
addition to the manifold duties and responsibilities of 
his practice and of his many professional connections 
and associations, Mr. Cameron has been busy with his 
pen. He is one of the founders and was one of the 
early editors of the "Canadian Journal of Medical 
Science"; and is the author of some noted articles 
contributed to Canadian and British medical journals 
and American text books. He holds the degrees of M.B., 
F.R.C.S. of England and Ireland, LL.D., F.A.C.S. 

Upon the outbreak of the World War, Dr. Cameron 
enlisted, serving as a colonel in the medical corps. He 
was in charge of the surgical department of the Canadian 
Red Cross Hospital, at Taplow, England, and later was 
at the Ontario Hospital, at Orpington, England. He also 
served as president of the Board of Consultants, and was 
inspector and consultant to the various military hos- 
pitals throughout Canada. He was demobilized, March 
1, 1920. 

Politically, Dr. Cameron is a Conservative, and has 
declined the honor of nomination to Parliament. Along 
with all the eminently valuable professional service he 
has rendered, he has found time for healthful recreation. 
He is interested in all sports, and is affiliated with the 
York Club, the Primrose Club, and the Royal Societies 
Club of London. His religious affiliation is with St. James' 
Cathedral, Anglican. 

In 1876 Irving H. Cameron married (first) Elizabeth 
Amelia Maria Wright, daughter of the late Dr. H. H. 
Wright. She died in 1902, and Mr. Cameron married 
(second) Jessie Elizabeth (Holland) Robertson, widow 
of the late John Ross Robertson, owner of the "Tele- 
gram" and editor of the famous John Ross Robertson 
Historical Collections. The children of the first marriage 
were: Matthew Crooks, who is a barrister; and Evelyn 
Charlotte Ross, who married Stuart Temple Blackwood, 
of Toronto. 



SIMEON HEMAN JANES— In the years of the past, 
when the present city of Toronto was a vision cherished 
by only a few of the most far-seeing of her citizens, 
Simeon Heman Janes laid the foundation of a work that 
continued until his death, resulting in vast benefits, 
the value of which will endure far into the future of his 
city. Real estate was the field in which his genius lay, 
and his operations were conducted upon a large scale and 
in conformity to standards that insured the creation of 
districts creditable and desirable. His faith in Toronto, 
his confidence that a high degree of prosperity would 



90 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



come to.her. i-pir^ jj^" '?* "f^ c^'iTcS^^^^ 
and basic soundness of which '^^ ^^^ ^^j^ 

The results unfailmgly vindicated ms ^^^^^ 

the growth and developn^ent rf the com^ ^^^ ^^^ 

lines that he had foj:«^««" t^^^!,Cs side of his life, and in 
ton. This was the busy, strenuous side o^ At all times, 
e^rgy and initiative he was wnhoutequa^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^ 

however he ''a^. * /°^Y in art He was also always 

TorTtX^rd'higf a!mt.ar|c.e who Unew him b.t 
realize how fully he attained them ^ ^^^.^^ ^^ 

Simeon Heman Janes was a descenaa j^^gg^^.tjus. 
Huguenot origin, first settled >" ^P^^^ig ^rents came 
etts, and as United Empire Loyalists, msp ^^^ 

to Canada from New Hampshie sho^ J^^^ ^ 
Revolutionary War f ^ „^^ ""^f Heman Janes, and 
Ontario, February 5, 1843, son oi victoria 

was educated in Ingersoll grammar bc ^^^^ ^^^ 

University, at Cobourg. He "^as graau .^ ^^^^ ^ 
University with the deP/«°f^^ff872 received his Mas- 
valedictorian "f ^^^ ,9j,^\'r^? ereity of St. Paul, Minne- 
ter's degree. Ham^'f ,^nive^^^ degree of Doctor 
sota, honored him by confemng me^ g^^ 

of Laws m 1896. , .*'''\,=!^'L8 -^ Toronto, when the 

engaged i" ,"}e''^'?<^,^,%^™ftively small dimensions, 
city had attamed ^ut comparatively ^^ ^^^^ 

Real estate, however, made the strong pp.^ energies, 
and to this field of endeavor he devote a ^^.^^ ^^^ 

glimpsing the future K^f.^^Xe op Business had by 
then, in 1885, J'^* H^^*?he financial crash of 1857. 
that time recovered fF^fJ'^tas about one hundred 
and the city's POP"!^*^"!^ C vea?s previous having 
thousand, the mcrease in the ten years p ^^^ 

been only thirty-eight thousand, wW^^ thousand. The 
lS?oSl'eUXorBir s?S west of Avenue road. 
wS principally, farms, and va^tland^ ^^^_ 

Mr. Janes laid out in lots m°it^°y'gi;*or street, and 
ford road to Avejiue road, north ot cio ^j^ij^ing 

extending beyond Dupont street ano^ ^ ^^ 

restrictions he !if]f,f ^ ™P^^^^ Madison, Huron and St. 
duce such beautiful avenu^ as iviauj» , operator 

George. Mr Janes was the first^ real es^^^^.^^P^^ ^^ 
in Toronto to abolish f^es \n tne p i' ^^ggj^able, a 
plans, deeming them "nsanitarv a ^^ed. One 

decision the correctness of which time has provea^^ ^^^^ 

of his busings maxims was to , bu^ 'Jy^ j^^ ^^^ 

^C'^^ir-' He%Ti& percefv7d%hTadvanWs o^ 
?hf Tokens s^^Z f -Wabout^a re^dy^^^^^^^^^^ 
laid out more than twelve hundre^lo^^s maK J^^ 
lers of them under that system, ne ^^ ^1^53 

business supremacy would come to l^° ^^ ^^^jiding 
belief made hmone of the first t" ^^^^^.^^^ section. 
of "skyscraper" structures in tneao intensive 

Mr. Janes had a most remarkable cap^my ^^^^^_ 

work on his various enter^prses, and was a ^^ ^^^ 

plish large results through his untmnga^^^^^^^^^ operations 
SUiS the^e^^liSi^nrfher business interes^ 

"m^. Janes had a fine aPP-^af " oUh«„S^^^^^^ 
cultural and a^thetic and was the louna ^^ 

LS?7°SSi5l."lis\£l^'S CSS 



variou. trip. .b;»d l?™™" j'ir C.f te'bS 
<*,■,» fart to adorn B™""™»' „ ,,,, ino.t sBtet 

goddesses em.blematic of Paintmg.^b brought froi 
and Mechanics. Tapestries wim, ^^^ 

Europe are now on exhibition m the noy^.^^^ ^^.^. 



iM» FRFDERICK JOHN SMALE— To bring fr; 
the'^d'^strn'^cfS^aSeandah^^^^^^^ 

l*!^'>rTohnVmal%o^t present vd^^^^^^^ as an 
S"oart of T^onto's history, is a privilege jus 

'^Ifjr fhe^ Vrtafl f ginSn KSc 
S*fvVwS?n\\f Lief%-iod allowed for tl 

l.rm ibor. hi. .on «" '"J"-,?.',,?™^"; ^„ n 

ssr; Suiis !»«« v'sr .'-fe.' 
?^»3S3is^£:o? 

given for two f^^^^^^^j; '"^d it was for this reason 
merit for a third year. <"•" , . , years. 1 

=HEHBSrifnCSTT^o 
at once added to the stan m u ^^^ 

assistant general managership. . 1 hose qua" 
ifi ^o,mH the way for pre-eminence in the sci 

ot this institute IS quoted in^hef^llowing^P^^^ 
He was a director of the wuuam ^ j^^ 
^oSan^dTtTnTtimip'etid'eS^ 

but he was especially fond of curhng. 



n 



inutU part in Um amiM^i 



;«.for 




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^ Out) UM« lUKi I 

(n active enancr, « 

»h»OmMClnnli,,m rt,( 

■tte huoibl' 



a and 



Im. iie was dean ol tbn Utiuity of law i^ Victoria 





r\ 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



91 



3r. Smale married Helen M. Fetch, daughter of 
)fessor Fetch, of Victoria College. Their children are: 
;derick Edmund, John Kenneth, Dorothy Mills, 
ssel Blake. 

W. S. Milner, writing in "The University Monthly," 
! official organ of the University of Toronto Alumni 
sociation, used the following words: 

'he loss of Dr. Smale Ls most deplorable. Many causes will have 
} lament, but only thoy who knew him will n'alize what it means 
Jniverslty interests. For he was marked out, if ever man was, for 
(lie activity and service: and he was one of ourselves — a type 
3anadiim University life in its highest estate. 
I humble farmer's .son, educated at Lindsay, he came up m 1889, 
1 the 1851 E.xhibitior fellowship in 1802, which is given forcapac- 
in scientific research, and wont to Europe. None who heard it 
I forget the simple beauty of a reference he nmde to his mother 
m address he gave to his old school before leaving. The com- 
isioners extended the feUow.shlp to him for a third year. Retum- 
from I.«ipziK, he was at once added to the University staff in 
emlstry . At the end of three yeare he resigned his position to enter 
iiness life. 

"his sudden cliange was due to no lack of devotion to science. 
ras partly due to a belief that ultimately a wider sphere of activity 
i opened to him, bitt more, probably, to one of those powerful 
nan affinities wliich cannot be e.xplained. Two men of Kindred 
Ke felt in some dim way that they had a common future. 
ie carried the scientific spirit with him into business, and none 
5w better than he that tliere is a seiLse in which high business 
uires a scientific temiier, an accuracy and a persistence which are 
■ often but an ideal, a laboratory. 

n the troubled jxiriod from which the University has emerged, he 
rclsed a force which even those with whom he worked hardly 
lized at the time, controlling the impetus, smootWng asperities, 
ir hoiieful. suggestive and creative. In becoming one of the 
gents of Victoria College, he had reached a place in which he 
uld liave been a power in the whole University. For he was 
entially a man of no organization or church party. He started from 
ere he was, farm, college, church or bvisiness, and worked wherever 
could lend a hand. It was the American residents' church in 
ipzin. a Bible class of medical students in our University, the 
chnica! School in our city, the Simday-school in his church, and 
ilver.sity interests at many points. He had no theories and few 
spossessions. He was a Christian man of science. A man of this 
30 is never looking for work to do; the most varied interests are 
itmually calling him. But liis would have been a public career, 
public spirit was gaining the predominance in hun. But at thirty- 
, just as he felt that he was coming to Ills more settled activity, 
1 eager buoyant spiiit went suddenly and wholly unexpectedly. 
: left a young wife (the only daughter of the late Professor Fetch) 
d four little children. Tragic — but not a tragedy. He passed on 
> lamp and the oil of life. He truly Uves and strives on. 
A buoyant grace and fine nobility of poise were his great ont- 
rd ciiaracteristics. Beneath a certain gayety and exquisite 
irm of maimer pulsed an eager, fervent spirit, full of loving 
idness and helpfulness. 1 .shall not, I hope, be thought guilty 
violating the sanctities of intimacy in illustrating for others what 
inner of man he was. After a first .serious oi)eration he rallied 
BBciently (for him) to go down to business now and then for a 
If hours. No one would have suspected that for six weeks the 
lole daily product of bile (twenty-fotir ounces) was discharging 
>m a wound. He left for Rochester (Mitmesota) to undergo a 
»nd operation, absolutely the same as 1 ever knew him. Told that 
i choice was between an operation, wliich might be temporary, 
d would at least leave iiim permanently incapacitated for the 
linary' work of Ufe, and another which might disclose hopeless 
aditions, but, on the other hand, might possibly set him speedily 
liis feet, he at once elected the latter. Next day he laughed hlm- 
f into weariness over Kipling's "Steam Tactics," listened tenderly 
"They," pursued the New Year's bill of fare at dinner to a finish, 
ri infected all with his own spirits. Next morning in the hospital, 
>jch he had previously inspected tiu-oughout with a scientific 
Brest, he went into Dr. William Mayos operating room "un- 
pared" (as the hospital word is), bade a cheery good morning 
aU present, and placed liimself on the table. The operation 
dosed the most dread scourge of humanity. At nine in the 
Ding he was seen to be sinking. But he remained fully conajious 
the very end, which came some hours later, with absolutely no 
nge in his life-long Ixsaring, in full command of voice and strong 
land. It was no death of saint, stoic or enthusiast. There was 
looking forward to the future or back to the irast. He simply 
ked out of life as into another room. A breaK in the glory of uvii^ 
I lilgh service was something he had never contemplated. Life 
■nal btirned so powerfully in him that perhajjs he could not 
Ifais mind upon wliat yet he knew. So iiassed my pupil as a boy, 
al my t>eit beloved friend. 

'The Varsity," published by the University of Toron- 
tiUnion, spoke editorially in part as follows: 

"he University has stu-ely .suffered much in one academic year at 
tl hand.s of death. But when Dr. F. J. Smale was suddenly taken 
OBhe third day of the new year a pillar tell. Among University men 
tqfeeliDg is everywhere the same — a sense of desperate loss. 



He had played no small part in the general movement wliich has 
transformed the University sittjatlon. With wonderful sanltr 
and sweetness he combined a hidden pa-sslon for achievement sucn 
as few can ever know. A creative, organizing man, he was yet woU 
content to stand in the background. It was progress itself ho wanted, 
whether achieved by kindred spirits, or by those with whom he could 
have little in common. He saw the best in men, and it was always 
the best he wanted to see . . . Instinct, but not biLsiness instinct, 
took him from us. He was quickly advanced from purely scientific 
work to a mariagerial position. Yet there wa.s ever present in hla 
mind a vision of service to the University that he loved. This 
connection was never really severed. He served many a University 
cause, and many an obsctire student deplores the loss of an open- 
iianded helper. 

His mental gifts were great, but his personal endowments were 
princely. No one ever better illiLstrated the truth tiiat nobility and 
charm of presence are not the special prerogatives of a class. And 
he was a good man. 

Had ho simply continued a member of the "Victoria Board of 
Regents he would Iiave rendered inestimable service to the whole 
cause of liigher education, for a more catholic spirit we shall hardly 
see again. But at thirty-six, in the eager prime of his manhood, with 
power now in his grasp, he walked out of life, imstartlod, unruffled, 
literally eis if he were gouig forth to business on a common day. It 
was not resignation, nor philosophy, nor faith, in any common sense. 
He knew a secret. Here and there life was to liim an unbroken 
whole of joyful service, and he went out to other business of ills 
Father. 

His obituary record in "Acta Victoriana" was as 
follows: 

There were few men of the rising generation from whom the 
covmtry, the bitsy life of commerce, the quieter life of thought 
and science, and the higher life of coasecrated Christian worK hoped 
for greater or richer things. He was, indeed, one prominent among 
tens of thousands, combining the careful, painstaking, truth- 
seeking observation and patient study of the man of science, with 
the fine ta.ste and culture of the man of learning and literature; 
the active energy, ambition and versatility of the man of business: 
the conscientious fidelity, transparency and honor of the Cliristian 
gentleman; the rare social gifts which make a man witLsome and 
attractive, and give him leadership among his fellow-men — a leader- 
ship of love and resi)ect rather than fear^and, last and greatest of 
all, the himible, loving spirit whici, following in the footsteps of 
Christ, consecrates all other gifts to the life of service. 



CHARLES W. KERR— Professional activity and 
public affairs of Ontario have known representatives of 
two generations of this line of the family of Kerr — Senator 
William Kerr, K.C., the father, and Charles W. Kerr, 
William F. Kerr and Francis Dean Kerr, sons — their 
combined service in these relations covering a period 
of more than sixty years. Prominence won through 
careers of sustained usefulness has been their portion, 
and in the "History of Toronto," the record of Charles W. 
Kerr, of this city and Cobourg, has deserved place. 

Mr. Kerr's grandfather, Francis Kerr, was a teacher 
in Enniskillen, Ireland, in 1823, when he decided to 
widen his scope of work by coming to Canada. He 
married Olive Shelby Wallbridge. Mr. Kerr's grand- 
father, on his mother's side, came from England and 
opened a general store in Cobourg in 1832, and this 
business is still being carried on. 

Senator William Kerr, K.C., father of Charles W. 
Kerr, was born in Prince Edward county, Ontario, 
February 27, 1829, and was prepared for matriculation 
at the University by Dr. Ormiston, a Presbyterian min- 
ister of Newcastle, Ontario. He then entered Victoria 
University for his course in the arts and letters, being 
graduated in the class of 1855, and becoming a student 
in the law office of Smith & Armour, at Cobourg, Ontario, 
the members of the firm being Hon. Sidney Smith, later 
Postmaster General of Canada, and Mr. Armour, later 
Chief Justice of the King's Bench Division. Under this 
distinguished preceptorship Mr. Kerr prepared for his 
career, and was called to the bar in the year 1858. From 
that time until his death he had a prosperous general 
legal practice in Cobourg, his brother, John W. Kerr, 
K.C., being associated with him from 1863 to 1903. 
William Kerr was created King's Counsel in 1876, and 
gained wide distinction in political and educational 
circles. He was dean of the faculty of law of Victoria 



92 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



University for a period of twenty-five years, and was 
the first vice-chancellor of that institution from 1885 
until 1906. He had the honor of laying the corner stone 
of Faraday Hall, Victoria University, on May 31, 1876. 
In the public life of Cobourg he was an outstanding 
figure, serving as councillor for five years, and as mayor 
of the city for six years. He also served on the Cobourg 
Harbor Commission for a number of years. He first 
was a candidate for Parliamentary honors in 1874, and 
was elected to the Dominion Parliament, but the 
election was voided on account of irregularities by 
agents. He was again elected in 1875, defeating Hon. 
Sidney Smith, ex-Postmaster General, but in 1878 the 
National Policy wave defeated him. Again defeated 
in 1882 by the very narrow margin of five, he protested 
the election, and it was set aside for bribery. In 1885 
he was defeated by a small majority, and in 1887, 1891, 
and 1896 he was offered the nomination, in each case 
unanimous, but declined to be a candidate. During all 
these years he was one of the leading Liberals in his 
section of the Province, and campaigned extensively 
throughout the eastern counties. In 1899, upon the 
appointment of Sir Oliver Mowat as lieutenant-governor, 
Mr. Kerr was called by the government to the Canadian 
Senate to occupy the seat vacated by Sir Oliver. He was 
a Bencher of the Law Society at the time of his decease 
in 1906. William Kerr married Myra J. Field, and three 
of their sons followed the law. The eldest son, William 
F. Kerr, K.C., has been Crown attorney for Northum- 
berland and Durham since 1905, and was associated in 
practice with his father at Cobourg under the firm name 
of Kerr & Kerr, now carried on under the firm name of 
Kerr& Coc hrane. He has already been elected a Bench- 
er of the Law Society of Upper Canada on three 
successive occasions. 

Charles Wesley Kerr, second son of William and 
Myra J. (Field) Kerr, was born in Cobourg, Ontario, 
April 17, 1865, and received his early education in the 
public schools and Collegiate Institute at Cobourg. 
Entering Victoria College, he was graduated in 1887, 
with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, then took up the 
study of the law with his father for one year, later with 
the firm of Bain, Laidlaw & Co. He was called to the 
bar with honors and as a medalist in 1890, and since that 
time he has continuously and successfully practiced in 
Toronto, for the first seven years with the firm of Laid- 
law, Kappele & Co. for fifteen years as a member of the 
firm of Ryckman, Kerr & Mclnnis, and from 1912 until 
the present time (1922) as Charies W. Kerr & Co., 
handling a general practice, but giving special atten- 
tion to corporation law and litigation. His offices are 
in the Lumsden building, at No. 6 Adelaide street, 
East, and a long experience has brought him high stand- 
ing and reputation among his professional colleagues. 
Mr. Kerr's name has been and is beinfe prominently 
mentioned in connection with an appointment to the Su- 
preme Court Bench of Ontario. He is noted for 
courage, determination, resource and urbanity. He 
was a member of the Young Men's Liberal Club in days 
of Willison, Lyon Pedley and Robinette; also as member 
for twenty-five years of Executive Committee of North 
Toronto Liberal Association and of the Liberal Associa- 
tion of Toronto. Mr. Kerr served for years as secret- 
ary of the North Toronto Liberal Association, and as pres- 
ident of this organization. He was also for years a vice- 
president of the York and Toronto Liberal Association. He 
was president of the Central Toronto Reform Associa- 
tion in 1917, and has been broadly interested in all 
civic advance as well as national progress, but consis- 
tently declined to accept political honors, except on 
several occasions, the first being in 1917, when he 
appeared as a straight Liberal Laurier candidate for 



West Toronto, the election being contested with 
Horatio Hocken. He took a leading part in uphoh 
the policy of Sir Wilfrid Laurier in that election, fear! 
ly endorsing him in many speeches and in publis 
articles. The second exception was in 1921, whei 
contested Northumberland county, his home cou 
with the endorsement of his leader, the Hon. i, 
kenzie King, in a three-cornered fight, as the Li 
al candidate. 

Always deeply interested in the progress of educa 
Mr. Kerr was for ten years a member of the Boari 
Regents of Victoria University. He is widely kn 
socially, and for several years was president of the N 
awaska Club. He is also a member of the Ontario C 
of the Royal Canadian Yacht Club, of Canadian 
Association, of Ontario Law Association, and York 1 
Association. 

Mr. Kerr as a young man was renowned in Cobc 
for his proficiency in all sports, viz; baseball, eric 
lacrosse, football, one hundred yard dash, and '. 
distance running. 

Mr. Kerr married, in Hamilton, Ontario, on J 
28, 1893, Maude Stobbs, daughter of the late 1 
Thomas Stobbs, of Hamilton, and they have two dai 
ters: Grace B., at home; and Joyce A., B.A. (Honoi 
Modern History), wife of Carlton H. Rankin, of Toro 
The family residence, "lUahee," is in Cobourg, and 1 
attend the Methodist Church of Canada. 

John Morely Kerr, the third son of Senator Will 
Kerr, K.C., followed mercantile pursuits and is the 
member of the firm of A. R. Copping & Son, of Toro: 

Francis Dean Kerr, K.C., the fourth son of Sen; 
William Kerr, K.C., is a member of the firm of P: 
Kerr & McElderry, of Peterboro, Ontario, and is pr 
inent in that city as a counsel and also politically, hai 
been given the candidacy of East Peterboro in 1! 
which he contested in the interest of the Liberal pa 

DAVID INGLIS GRANT, in legal circles in Onta 
holds an assured position as a member of the firn 
Johnston, Grant, Dods & Grant, with a suite of ofl 
in the Bank of Hamilton building, in Toronto. 

Mr. Grant comes of Scottish antecedents, the 
family homestead being near Granttown, in the Scot 
Highlands. Leaving there in 1832, Alexander Gri 
Mr. Grant's grandfather, came to Canada, and loca 
near Peterboro, Ontario, where he lived for a time, t 
settled permanently at Queen's Bush, now knowi 
Stratford, Ontario. There he was active for many y( 
as farmer and miller, and was also broadly promir 
in public affairs, serving as municipal officer in 
County of Perth, and making of his home a headquar 
for the early Scottish immigrants. 

Rev. Robert Neil Grant, his son, and Mr. Gra 
father, was born near Peterboro, Ontario, and as a yo 
man entered the ministry of the Presbyterian chu; 
An eloquent preacher, he labored among the churche 
that section for a period of forty-four years. His writi 
also evidenced his mental power and spiritual grace, 
reaching a far wider audience, gave the pen name ur 
which he wrote, "Knoxonian," extensive celebrity, 
died February 16, 1909. He married Mary A. McMul 
youngest sister of the Rev. W. T. McMullen, D.D. 
Woodstock, Ontario. 

David Inglis Grant, son of Rev. Robert Neil and W 
A. (McMullen) Grant, was born in the town of Inger 
County of Oxford, Ontario, August 22, 1872. Recei' 
his early education in the public schools of his na 
place, he attended high school at Orillia, Ontario, 
subsequently attended law school, at Osgoode I 
Toronto, where he fitted himself for the profession o! 
law. Called to the bar in 1895, Mr. Grant practice< 



•« 









IW 

',y 

.1 'ihn- 

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<;^^^^^ 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



93 



en years in Orillia, then in 1911 came to Toronto, to 
>me a member of the present firm. In this connection 
s identified with an extensive general practice, and 
handles much work in the field of corporation and 
dng law, the firm standing in the front rank in 
ario, being solicitors for the Royal Bank of Canada, 
other large financial and commercial corporations. 
Grant was created a King's Council January 1, 1922. 
member of the Canadian Bar Association, Mr. Grant 
holds membership in the Ontario Bar Association 
the York County Law Association. A lifelong Liberal 
olitics, he was for fifteen years secretary of the East 
coe Liberal Association, at Orillia, and still keeps 
ose touch with the progress of the party. Fraternally, 
olds membership in Orillia Lodge, Free and Accepted 
ions, and his clubs are the Ontario and Empire, and 
Summit Golf and Country Club. He is a member of 
Deer Park Presbyterian Church of Toronto, and for 
e years has served on its board of managers. 
[r. Grant married, in Toronto, on December 15, 
!, Mary Evelyn Dennis, formerly of Newmarket, 
ario, and they have one son, Douglas Grant, student- 
iw. The family residence is at No. 66 Woodlawn 
me, West, Toronto. 



/VMUEL HENDERSON— In addition to important 
ness associations in Toronto, Mr. Henderson has 
lerous connections with the interests whose concern 
le maintenance of high civic and moral standards, 
has been identified with valuable social service and 
are work, and in the midst of busy affairs has found 
! for rewarded effort for the common good. He is a 
of Robert and Elsie (Christie) Henderson, both 
lased, of Scotch descent, who came from Scotland 
'ntario about 1845, settling at Norwich, where Robert 
derson was a merchant. 

imuel Henderson was born in Norwich, Ontario, 
B 4, 1865. He there attended the public schools, 
r entering the Toronto School of Pharmacy, whence 
?as graduated in 1880. For fourteen years he engaged 
;he drug business at Lakefield, Ontario, in 1890 
idrawing from this line of endeavor and establishing 
manufacturer of waterproof clothing and oiled goods 
lolbome and Church streets, Toronto, under the title 
rhe Canadian Oil Clothing Company. Operations 
a continued under this style until 1891, when a 
ger was made with the A. J. Tower Company, of 
ton, Massachusetts. From 1891 to 1898 the head- 
rters of the company were at Port Hope, Ontario, 
in 1898 Tower Canadian, Ltd. occupied the present 
, No. 1149 King street, West. Mr. Henderson is 
etary, treasurer and general manager of the company, 
eh has branches at Vancouver, Winnipeg and Hali- 
and whose waterproofed garments have met with 
sspread favor in the Canadian market. In addition 
his important interest, Mr. Henderson is president 
sterling. Action & Keys, Ltd, vice-president of the 
ity Life Insurance Company, and a director of the 
it Thome Land Company and the Stoney Lake 
;ages Association. He is a member of the Canadian 
lufacturers' Association and the Board of Trade, 
piring the World War, Mr. Henderson retired from 
tousiness interests to devote his entire time to the 
K of the Young Men's Christian Association in 
Jpnto. He was general manager of the local work 
he organization, with headquarters at Exhibition 
» p, and through his example and infiuence enrolled 
ay able men in Young Men's Christian Association 
):, and obtained the hearty support of a large number 
"ironto's wealthy and influential citizens. He has been 
edent of the Toronto Young Men's Christian Assoc- 
nd is now chairman of the motion picture depart- 



ment of the Social Service Council of Ontario and vice- 
president of the Council. He is a member of the National 
Club, the Mississauga Golf Club, Empire Club, Cana- 
dian Club, and the Canadian Order of Foresters. He is 
a Conservative in political belief, and a member of the 
Parkdale Methodist Church. 

Mr. Henderson married, at Lakefield, Ontario, 
February 8, 1881, Emma E. Sherin, of Lakefield, Ontario, 
and they are the parents of: Reginald, who died in 
1918; Minnie Grace; John Harold. The family home is 
at No. 183 Jameson avenue, and their summer residence 
at Stoney Lake, Ontario. 



GIDEON GRANT, K.C.— Prominent in legal circles 
as the senior member of the firm of Johnston, Grant, 
Dods & Grant, Mr. Grant is one of the successful men of 
the day in Ontario. 

Mr. Grant comes of a family long numbered among 
the leading men of this Province, his great-grandfather, 
Lewis Grant, having been a government surveyor under 
Governor Simcoe in 1791. Lewis (2) Grant, his son and 
Mr. Grant's grandfather, was born in Dundas county, 
Ontario, and conducted considerable farming operations, 
also being a miller. He is widely remembered as having 
built one of the first mills east of Toronto. Allen Henry 
Grant, the next in line, was born in Grenville county, 
Ontario, and during his entire lifetime was engaged 
as miller and farmer. He married Elizabeth Bernissa 
Howey, daughter of Dr. William Howey, of Kempville, 
and both are now deceased. 

Gideon Grant was born in the town of Oxford Mills, 
Grenville county, Ontario, August 18, 1868. Receiving 
his early education in the public schools of his native 
place, Mr. Grant also covered courses at the Kempville 
Collegiate Institute and the Prescott Model School. 
Then for about five years (1886-1891) he taught school, 
after which he spent one year in a law office at King- 
ston, Ontario. Coming to Toronto in 1892, he finished 
his preparations for his career at Osgoode Hall Law 
School, and was called to the bar in 1895. For many 
years associated with the law firm now known as John- 
ston, Grant, Dods & Grant, he is now at the head of the 
firm, thereby holding a position among the foremost 
men in the profession in Canada, and in 1921 he was 
created King's Counsel. 

A well known member of the County of York Law 
Association, Mr. Grant also is a member of the Ontario 
Bar Association and of the Canadian Bar Association. 
Politically he endorses the Liberal party, and fraternally 
he is affiliated with the Free and Accepted Masons, while 
his social connections include membership in the Ontario 
Club. He is a member of the Jarvis Street Baptist 
Church, and has long been active in the benevolent 
organizations of the church. 

Mr. Grant married Mary Beatrice Kayler, daughter of 
Frederick Kayler, and they reside at No. 48 Nanton 
avenue, Toronto. 

GEORGE HENRY KILMER, K.C., a barrister of 
Toronto, practices as senior member of the law firm of 
Kilmer, Irving & Davis, with offices at No. 10 Adelaide 
street. East. He is a son of Edward and Jane Rebecca 
(Ford) Kilmer, born in Warkworth, Northumberland 
county, Ontario, January 7, 1864. He was educated in the 
public schools of Trenton and Walkerton, Ontario, 
entered the University of Toronto in 1879, graduating 
in 1883, then returned to Walkerton where he received 
his legal training in the office of Shaw & Robertson. 
He was called to the bar in 1886, and appointed King s 
Counsel in 1908. 

Mr. Kilmer is a member of the National, Granite, 
Albany, Royal Canadian Yacht, and Summit Golf 



94 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



clubs. He is a communicant of St. Paul's Anglican 
Church. 

Mr. Kilmer married, in 1888, in Walkerton, Ontario, 
Margaret Ann Crawford, and they have one son. Captain 
Charles Edward Kilmer, D.S.O., and one daughter, 
Margaret Helen. 

WILFRED CROSSEN JAMES— In the name of 
James there is here written the completed and distin- 
guished record of a public official and litterateur of wide 
reputation. Charles Canniff James, long identified with 
the Ontario public service and widely known as a writer 
and lecturer, was one of the best informed and most 
brilliant men of his day. His son, Wilfred Crossen 
James, was called to the bar in 1920 and has since devoted 
himself entirely to his profession. 

Charles Canniflf James was of Irish ancestry and 
United Empire Loyalist descent, son of Charles and 
Ellen (Cannifif) James, and was born in Napanee, 
Ontario, June 14, 1863. He attended the Napanee 
High School and Victoria University, of Toronto, 
receiving the degree of B.A. and the gold medal in 
natural science upon graduating in 1883, being awarded 
his Master's degree in 1886. From 1883 to 1886 he was 
assistant master in Cobourg Collegiate Institute, and 
from the latter year until 1891 he was professor of 
chemistry in the Ontario Agricultural College, at 
Guelph. He became deputy minister of Agriculture and 
secretary of the Bureau of Industries of Ontario in June, 
1891, remaining in the public service throughout his 
active life, being described by Sir G. W. Ross as "one 
of the best men we have in the public service." He was 
a delegate to the Deep Waterways Convention in 1894; 
a director of the Canadian Seed Growers' Association; 
a senator of Toronto University; a fellow of the Royal 
Society of Canada; president of the Ontario Historical 
Society; a commander of St. Michael and St. George 
(coronation) from 1911; president of the Lambton 
Golf and Country Club; vice-president of the Royal 
Canadian Golf Association; and a member of the Cana- 
dian Olympic Committee in 1908. He was in great 
demand as a lecturer, among his best known addresses 
being: "The Irish Palatines in Upper Canada," "The 
Teaching of Agriculture in our Public Schools," and 
"The Problem of the Indifferent Farmer." His pub- 
lished writings include, in addition to frequent contri- 
butions to magazines: "The Early History of the Town 
of Amherstburg," "The Second Legislature of Upper 
Canada," "A Tennyson Pilgrimage, and Tennyson, the 
Imperialist," "The Downfall of the Huron Nation," 
"A Bibliography of Canadian Poetry," and "The 
Romance of Ontario, or the Peopling of the Province." 
A contemporary newspaper wrote of him as "a many- 
sided and capable public official," while another mention- 
ed him as one possessing "a thoroughly scientific know- 
ledge of agriculture, combined with high talents of 
initiation and administration." He married Frances 
Lillian Crossen, in January, 1887, and from 1890 Toronto 
was the family home. Mrs. James is a daughter of James 
CroBsen, and resides at No. 144 St. George street, Toron- 
to. 

Wilfred Crossen James was born in Toronto, January 
26, 1894, and after attending St. Andrew's College, 
University Schools, and the University of Toronto, 
received the degree of B.A. from the last-named insti- 
tution in 1916. His legal education was obtained in 
the Osgoode Hall Law School, whence he was graduated 
in 1920, and in May of that year he was called to the 
bar. His practice is as a member of the firm of Mc- 
Andrew, James & Evans. Mr. James is a member of the 
Ontario Bar Association, the University Club, the Lamb- 



ton Golf and Country Club, and the Canadian Milil 
Institute. 

Mr. James left the university to enlist in the Canac 
army, December 4, 1915, and served in Canada with 
124th Battalion, with the rank of lieutenant, bi 
transferred in 1918 to the First Tank Battalion, 
served in England with this organization until 
honorable discharge in January, 1919. Mr. Jame 
a member of the Methodist church, unmarried, 
makes his home with his mother. 



WILLIAM P. GUNDY— A sketch of the life 
work of William P. Gundy, rightfully placed in 
history of his adopted city as one of her distinguis 
sons, is not written as a memorial alone, but becaua 
the inspiration and example to be derived therefi 
There are few men who secure in middle life a posi 
in the world of business which assures them a competi 
sufficient to relieve from financial anxiety, who are wil 
to devote a large part of their time in the improven 
of the social and civic life of the community. 1 
however, is the course William P. Gundy chose, and 
decision gave to the Ontario world of affairs a forc( 
capable leader, a man of high Ideals, and of energy 
determination sufficient to realize noble aims. 

William P. Gundy, was paternally of Irish, materr 
of Canadian ancestry, and was born at St. Cathari 
Ontario, November 7, 1858, son of Rev. Samuel B. 
Susannah (Pearson) Gundy. His education was obta; 
in the Toronto Model School, and upon the death ol 
father in 1873, William P. Gundy, then fifteen yeai 
age, entered the civil service in the Queen's Prim 
Department of the Ontario Government, where 
remained for several years. Here he won the atten 
of W. J. Gage, head of the firm of W. J. Gage & C 
pany, publishers and manufacturing stationers 
Toronto, who enlisted him on the Gage force. He 
risen through merit and ability to the position of as 
ant Queen's printer, and had he wished, might have 
mained in the public service for the remainder of 
active years. In 1881 he began what he always consi 
ed his real business career with the Gage interests, 
one year later was placed in charge of the opening 
branch of the house at Winnipeg, Manitoba. He rem 
ed at the head of this branch for two years, when he 
recalled in 1884 to Toronto, and in 1890 became m; 
ger of the company. In 1893 he became general man 
and treasurer, and on February 18, 1912, was ele 
vice-president and general manager, subseque 
succeeding to the presidency, the office he held at 
time of his death. He was also vice-president 
general manager of the Kinleith Paper Mills of 
Catharines, and vice-president of the Educational I 
Company, of Toronto. He served the Toronto B( 
of Trade as vice-president, was a delegate to the < 
gress of the Chambers of Commerce of the Empir 
1903, and chairman of the delegation to the Cong 
held in London, England, in June, 1912, at which i 
he was presented to Their Majesties and further honi 
by a private audience with His Majesty. 

Mr. Gundy had many connections with the 
interests of his city. He was a governor of the Tor 
Conservatory of Music, a trustee of the Toronto B 
Grounds, a trustee and member of the executive b 
of the National Sanitarium Association, and a trt 
of the Toronto Free Hospital for Consumptives, 
clubs were: the National, of which he was presic 
the York, the Lambton Golf and Country, 
the Rosedale Golf. Fishing, hunting and golf wen 
favorite recreations. In his youth he was a merah 
the "Queen's Own Rifles." He was for several 



b4 



i 



'-A !■■!<. 



»»d from i 

see street, 



to 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



95 



■e his death a member of the board of trustees of 
Metropolitan Methodist Church. 
r. Gundy's war record is one of devoted and patriotic 
ort of all government and social service campaigns, 
;hose who knew him bear witness that there was no 
ite duty which took precedence over the needs of 
ountry. In 1917 he was appointed a member of the 
Purchasing Commission to fill the vacancy caused 
le appointment of Sir Edward Kemp to the Over- 
Ministry of Militia, and his choice for this place of 
trust was universally approved. William Lewis 
unds, writing of Mr. Gundy in a Toronto journal 
le time of his appointment to the War Purchasing 
mission, used in part the following words: 
ile Mr. Gundy has never aspired to what is strictly speal<ing 
: life, he has for many years taken a keen interest in public 
1. While labeled as a Liberal in lus political afflliations, strictly 
InK he is a Canada First man. As a matter of fact, he is t«mper- 
Jly the type of man who cannot closely afflliato himself t/\ ith 
pohtioal party, for when Issues are at stake he is guided in his 
IS by what he deems it to t)e his duty, and not by what the 
de of the leaders of either political party may be. 
may he surmised, he is a man of strong feelings. Unlike most 
imilarly constituted in tliis respect, he never flies off at a taji- 
He always keeps his feet on the ground and his head on liis 
lers. He is about as resolute as any man could be. And when 
s his hand to the plow, there is no turning back. But he has 
te patience as well as zeal . . . 

lerally speaking, there are four things in which he takes a 
nterest. The first is the general welfare of the Dominion. He 
es in government by the people, for the people. And he has a 
lease as to what the character of the government should be. 
uld l)e moral as well a-s efficient, whether it be Federal, Provin- 
r Mtmicipal, and Ms soul bums within him when it is deficient 
ler of these respects, let alone in both. A second direction in 
his interest outside his own business is manifest^ Ls in regard 
commercial and industrial welfare of the city of Toronto and 
' the m(xliiuns through which he has worKed in order to further 
ijects in this respect is the Toronto Board of Trade. Of the 
he has for many years been an active member, and three years 
ccupie<l the presidential chair with much credit to himself 
ith profit to the city as well as to the board itself, 
social and philanthropic work his interest is as keen as it is 
iiness and public affairs. The one is manifested in the interest 
ho tjiKes in the fight against tuberculosis, he being a trustee 
;h the National and Sanitarium A.ssociation and the Toronto 
Hospital for Oonsiunptives, The other is manifestod in the 
St wfiich he lias taKcn in movements having for their object the 
Dn of labor problems, one of which was the Ontario Commission 
^employment, of which he was a member. 

•. Gundy married Mary R. Simpson, of Barrie, 
rio, daughter of Henry Simpson. He died in 
va. May 23, 1919. The story of his life is that of a 
of splendid talents, which in their full development 
richness returned rewards not solely of private 
nee but in contributions to the advancement and 
of his fellow-men. 



>N. THOMAS CRAWFORD— The life of the 

Thomas Crawford reaches back over a period of 

1 progress and development in Toronto, and it has 

ihis privilege for nearly half a century to share in 

lamest endeavor in private and public interests 

Ibas been productive of this advance. Successful 

Isiness activity, he has likewise a long record of 

i guished service in public life, and has given largely 

h time and means to philanthropic and religious 

i Increasing years have brought additional oppor- 

Ses of effective contributions for the general good, 

1 ew honors at the hands of his fellows. 

P)mas Crawford is a son of James and Jane Morton 

(nsley) Crawford, and was born in County Ferman- 

l,reland, August 14, 1847. He was there educated, 

Ip 1865 accompanied his parents to Canada, for 

' years _ continuing in association with his father 

[extensive cattle business. Upon the retirement of 

her in 1869 he established a commission business, 

led up to the formation with others of the cattle 

ig business of T. Crawford & Company, and he 

it in paths of prosperity and progress for a 



number of years. He was a director of the Ontario 
Live Stock Insurance Company for many years, and 
in the course of a busy career has been able to accomplish 
much in the improvement of conditions in cattle trade. 
His position in the financial world was one of importance 
as president of the former Central Life Insurance Com- 
pany and as president of the former Equity Fire Insur- 
ance Company, and he is widely known in underwriting 
circles. 

As a young man, Mr. Crawford became actively 
interested in public affairs, and in 1892-94 filled a seat 
in the Toronto City Council. His leading influence in 
civic affairs brought his name forward several times 
in connection with the mayoralty, and while he has 
accepted numerous offices it has always been with a 
view to the opportunities of real service that they 
offered rather than through consideration of the honor 
connected therewith. He has represented West Toronto 
(Local) in the Conservative interest since June, 1894, 
and upon the death of Mr. St. John was elected Speaker, 
April 8, 1907, being re-elected in February, 1909. Mr. 
Crawford was vice-chairman of the Toronto Citizens' 
Association, formed in March, 1905, to resist invasion 
of provincial rights and the endowment of a State 
Church, and his energetic, fearless leadership in this 
movement has been characteristic of his uncompromis- 
ing stand upon other questions of equal or greater 
moment. 

Mr. Crawford has been chairman of the Board of 
Governors of the Toronto Western Hospital since 1905, 
vice-president of the Children's Aid Society, and has 
been president of the Layman's Association of the Toron- 
to Methodist Conference. His aid and co-operation have 
been freely extended to movements of charitable nature, 
and he has long been influential in denominational work. 
He was formerly president of the Irish Protestant 
Benevolent Society and of the Methodist Social Union 
He fraternizes with the Masonic order and the Loyal 
Orange Lodge. The Toronto "Mail and Empire" has 
written of Mr. Crawford as "a man of shrewd level 
headed common sense." 

Mr. Crawford married, in October, 1878, Isabella 
Fyfe, daughter of Hugh Fyfe, of Glasgow, Scotland, and 
they became the parents of the following children: 
1. Isabella, married Rev. Howard H. Eaton, pastor of 
the Methodist church at Chatsworth. 2. James P., 
born in Toronto, was educated in the Harbord Collegiate 
Institute, the University of Toronto and the Osgoode 
Hall Law School. He was called to the bar and became 
a member of the firm of Edgerton, Brown & Crawford, 
and upon the outbreak of the Great World War entered 
the Canadian army, becoming major and second in 
command of the One Hundred and Sixty-sixth Battal- 
ion. In 1916 with the battalion, he went overseas, 
reverting to the rank of lieutenant in England in order 
to go to the front in France, and in 1917 was wounded 
by shrapnel. He spent six months in recuperation in 
hospitals of England and Scotland, and when able to 
leave the surgeon's care resumed the court-martial work 
upon which he had been engaged in England before going 
to France. In August, 1918, he returned to the front 
with the Third Battalion of Canadian Expeditionary 
Forces, and was promoted to captain's rank, September 
27, 1918. He commanded his company in the Burlon 
Wood drive and in this action was shot in the groin by a 
sniper. He walked back to the line, a distance of one 
hundred and fifty yards, for medical attention, while 
his company continued their advance, and died shortly 
afterward from the effects of this wound. He married 
Laurie Bell, daughter of Dr. Bell, of Ottawa. 3. Olive 
Jane, married John Cork, who is connected with the 
Royal Bank. 4. Lillie. 5. Edna. 



96 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



ALFRED ERNEST MATHEWS^Of the second 
generation of his family to engage in Great Lakes 
shipping, Mr. Mathews has developed, by building and 
purcnase, a fleet larger than any other under individual 
ownership on fresh water. He came to this line of 
endeavor after a long experience in grain brokerage in 
Canada and in the States, has made Great Lakes trans- 
portation his major interest, holding captain's papers in 
his own name, and having intimate knowledge of ships 
and shipping on these "inland seas." 

His father, James Mathews, was born in Pickering, 
Ontario, in 1836, and died in Toronto, in 1912. In the 
early years of his career he was proprietor of the Robinson 
House, a temperance hotel on Bay street, Toronto, the 
present site of the National Club. In 1856 Mr. Mathews 
founded the J. &. J. T. Mathews Steamship Company, 
which concern carried on an extensive freighting business 
on the Great Lakes. During his lifetime this company 
operated thirty-six vessels and steam barges, the business 
being discontinued upon his death. James Mathews 
married Charlotte Thorold. 

Alfred Ernest Mathews, son of James and Charlotte 
(Thorold) Mathews, was born in Toronto, April 29, 
1872, and received his early education in the Toronto 
Model School, after which he attended Upper Canada 
College. At the age of fifteen years he entered the office 
of James Carruthers & Company, grain brokers, re- 
maining for a period of ten years, buying and selling 
grain. He then went to New York City, where he 
entered the grain brokerage business independently 
under the firm name of A. E. Mathews & Company, 
representing several Western Canadian firms on the 
New York Produce Exchange and following this line 
of activity for five years. Meanwhile, his familiarity 
with transportation conditions on the Great Lakes 
induced him to dispose of his interests in New York 
City and to enter that field of work. 

Returning to Toronto, he entered into partnership 
with his brother, J. T. Mathews, building, at New- 
castle-on-the-Tyne, the freighter, "Edmondton," for 
freighting on the Great Lakes, and under the name of 
the Mathews Steamship Company, began the business 
which has developed to such large proportions. This 
was in 1902, and from that time until 1909 a new ship 
was built each year in an English shipyard, all steel 
vessels. On September 30, 1905, a limited company was 
formed, the name becoming thereby the Mathews 
Steamship Company, Ltd., Mr. Mathews continuing as 
before, president and general manager. In 1914 he 
bought the wreck, "L. C. Waldo," off Lorain, near 
Cleveland, Ohio, for $10,000. Her condition was 
understood to be very bad, bottom supposedly out, 
and she was condemned by the ship owners and superin- 
tendents of Cleveland as worthless. Mr. Mathews had 
her towed off the rocks and floated, then put into dry 
dock. Four months later she was again afloat, and is 
today worth $800,000. Upon floating her, Mr. Mathews 
secured a ten-year loan of $100,000, with the vessel 
as security, then in two years repaid the entire loan 
from the earnings of this one ship. This was considered 
in shipping circles the best purchase ever consummated 
on fresh water. Today, the fleet of the Mathew Steam- 
ship Company, Ltd., consists of ninteeen vessels, six 
having been purchased, in September, 1921, from the 
French Government for the sum of $2,500,000, and 
the concern is now capitalized at $2,000,000. They 
carry grain and coal from the head of the Great Lakes 
to the Gaspe Peninsula on the Gulf of St. Lawrence. 
During the war their vessels carried 150,000,000 bushels 
of wheat for the use of the troops, from the head of the 
lakes to Montreal. They operate all three-thousand ton 
ships, with the exception of four, which have a tonnage 



of seven thousand five hundred, and they employ t 
hundred and eighty people. The company has rece 
(1922) laid the keel for one of the largest vessels on I 
water, with a length of five hundred and fifty 
beam of fifty-eight feet, and depth of thirty-one 
with a capacity of more than 400,000 bushels. 

In the Great World War Mr. Mathews offered 
services and his vessels to the government for trans 
work, but it was decided that his usefulness was gn 
in carrying grain for the troops. He bore a part in al 
various movements in support of the forces overseas 
life member of the Red Cross, and a member of the es 
tive committee of that organization. 

Of Mr. Mathews' recreative interests the grei 
is steam yachting. He is a member of the Royal C 
dian Yacht Club, carries a captain's papers on I 
water, and is master of his yacht. He is a member o: 
Rotary Club, the Ontario Jockey Club, the Hunt C 
the Lambton Golf Club, the Strollers' Club, the Tor 
Board of Trade, and is a director of the Nassau-Bahs 
Club, of Nassau, Bahama Islands. 

Mr. Mathews married, in New York City, H 
Eckert, daughter of W. H. Eckert, and niece of Gei 
Eckert, Secretary of War of the United States, u 
the administration of President Lincoln. 



EDWARD R. DEWART— From the time of 
entrance into the banking business as a junior clei 
1888 until January, 1917, Mr. Dewart found his 
of activity in that calling, in the latter year forminj 
present association with the Toronto Power Comp 
Financial responsibilities and operations develop a 
of executive in whom prudence and initiative com 
to make the capable man of affairs broad in knowl 
and judgment, and this is the experience Mr. De 
brought to his present important post. He is a memb 
a family long seated in the Dominion, son of Rev. 
Edward Hartley and Dorothy Matilda Dewart, his fa 
deceased, his mother enjoying good health at the 
vanced age of ninety-two years (1922). Dr. Ed\ 
Hartley Dewart was a clergyman of the Methc 
church, for twenty-eight years editor of the "Chris 
Guardian," and author of several volumes of p( 
and essays, including "Songs of Life," and "Essayi 
the Times." 

Edward R. Dewart was born in IngersoU, Ont 
June 17, 1869, and attended Toronto Model So 
under the late William Scott and Dr. John L. Davi 
later pursuing courses in Toronto Collegiate Instil 
where he came under the instruction of the late i 
McMurchy, General Sir Sam Hughes, Major ' 
Manly and others, until 1888. In July of this yea 
entered the Canadian Bank of Commerce, as junior e 
winning promotion through the various grade 
appointment as manager of the Cayuga and Duni 
branches. In April, 1905, he joined the Home Bai 
manager of their Walkerville branch, and during 
following years he was manager of various branch 
Winnipeg, Windsor, Clinton, Guelph, and Nii 
Falls, making a record of efficiency and reliabili 
administration in these positions. When he wit! 
from financial connections it was to form his pi 
relation with the Toronto Power Company, Janu; 
1917. 

During December, 1917, and January, Februarj 
March, 1918, Mr. Dewart was in London, Englar 
government business, and during his stay in the e; 
experienced eight air raids. Through the courti 
the Minister of Militia, he was permitted to visit I > 
the lines at the front, including the Vimy and > 
sectors, and he was with the North Sea fleet in J i 
1918, just before the heavy action of that sprin 



.ndrcd, and thev e' 



;<- ;;iori' 

World ' 



tMrtyn 

V iiushete. 
Mathews off« 






a Is ill sujipori, uf the fun;** overan 
he Red Cro?!", sn'' a member of th 

terests the 

!^* :.^ 'a u'ivuii>vT of the RoysiT^ 
arrieg a captain's papers <<» 



tbe Nassa 



pable man of affairs broad in 



,-yman of 

:■ • :;rs editor oi m-- 
M several volume.- 
ng» of Life," "'"^ 



^>om in III 



,, iie join' 
■""illp br' 



■e Toronto Power Compeny, 

ueoember, 1917, and Januarv, Febr 
18, Mr. Dewftrt was in Loioon, F* 
t b^lsi^e^■ 
'. eieht ;. 

ing the Vimy tmi . 

. North Sea fleet U V 

re the heavy action of that 




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vERNrr, K.c. 

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o 






BIOGRAPHICAL 



97 



Mr. Dewart is a Liberal in politics and was offered 
fhe local nomination for Niagara Falls, but resigned 
pon moving to Toronto. He has been president of the 
outh York Liberal Association and in 1919 was a dele- 
ate to the Liberal Convention in Ottawa. He is a mem- 
er of the Ontario Club, the Niagara Club, and in 
eligious faith is a Methodist. 

Mr. Dewart married, in Toronto, September 30, 1905, 
ulia Ida Blackwell, daughter of George T. and Julia 
ilackwell, of Dunnville. They are the parents of the 
allowing children: Edward Hartley, Dudley Robinson, 
nd George Blackwell, all attending university schools, 
nd Julia Dorothy, Eric Albert, and Honor, students 
1 the John Ross Robertson Public School. 



HEDLEY SHAW— The work in the milling industry 
hat made Hedley Shaw a Dominion figure he began as a 
mall independent operator in Brantford. Successive 
teps, each embracing enterprises of increased size and 
nportance, brought him to the vice-presidency and dir- 
cting managership of the Maple Leaf Milling Company, 
nd throughout many years he was regarded as one of the 
jremost authorities on mills and milling in the country, 
lis place in Toronto was that of a successful man of 
ffairs whose interests extended to many departments 
f the city life, and he was valued as a man and a citizen 
hroughout the active part of his fifty-five years. 

Hedley Shaw was born in Glanford township, near 
lamilton, Ontario, in 1866, and died in Toronto, Novem- 
er 29, 1921, son of Thomas Shaw, a farmer of Glanford 
ownship. He obtained his education in the pubUc schools 
f lirant county, and as a youth of seventeen years 
egan to learn the milling business at Brantford. When 
is knowledge and experience made it possible for him 
embark in an independent venture, he began business 
nder his own name, and was active in Brantford until 
I 893, when he purchased the mills at Oakville, known as 
he Oakville Mills, from Isaac Warcup. At this time he 
ormed a partnership with Thomas Foulds, under the 
rm name of Foulds & Shaw, a relation that continued 
ntil 1898, when Mr. Shaw purchased his partner's 
iterest and formed the Hedley Shaw Milling Company, 
if which he became president. Later he built the Hedley 
haw Mills at St. Catharines, and in 1900 purchased 
he Howland Mills at Thorold from Sir William P. 
lowland. In 1907 Mr. Shaw acquired the site at Port 
lolborne, upon which now stands the Port Colborne 
lill of the Maple Leaf Milling Company, the largest 
nd most complete mill under one roof in the British 
Empire. 

These various interests were merged with the Maple 
.leaf Flour Mills Company, at Kenora, Ontario, in 1908, 
nd Mr. Shaw acquired the elevators which were the 
iroperty of that concern. In 1910 the Maple Leaf 
dining Company, Ltd., was formed, owning and 
perating fifty grain elevators in Western Canada and 
iiarehouses throughout the Dominion. Mr. Shaw became 
ice-president and managing director of this corporation, 
nd was in active charge of its important affairs until his 
eath. He was also president of the Hedley Shaw Milling 
'ompany of Medicine Hat, Saskatchewan, which is an 
mportant unit in the Maple Leaf Milling Company. An 
^pert on grain and milling, his reputation was national 
ti scope, and his advice in consultation was regarded as 
; most dependable guide in matters relating to his 
pecial field. His rise in this business was based upon his 
ireless industry and ready grasp of features of primary 
ecessity in any practical proposition, and his career 
f constantly-constructive, straightforward effort won 
he regard and respect of his associates. He was also 
ice-president of the St. Mary's Cement Company, Ltd., 



and president of the Port Colborne & St. Lawrence 
Navigation Company. 

Mr. Shaw was a member of the board of governors of 
the Hospital for Incurables at Dunn avenue, and gave 
generously of his time and means to the furtherance of 
its work. His church was the Central Methodist, and all 
departments of its activity had his hearty support. 
He was a member of the York Club, Lambton Golf Club, 
Lake Shore Country Club, Royal Canadian Yacht Club, 
the Caledon Trout Club, the Granite Club, and frater- 
nized with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 
In politics he was a Conservative. Mr. Shaw found 
recreation in curling, golfing and fishing, but more than 
any of these he enjoyed motoring. 

Mr. Shaw married, in 1888, Annettie Mitchell, daught- 
er of Robert Mitchell, of Brant county, Ontario, and 
they were the parents of: W. Leroy, and Edna Doreen, 
who married J. L. Henderson. 



ERNEST EDWARD ARTHUR Du VERNET, K.C. 

— Although ended when its lull powers might have 
long endured, the life of Ernest Edward Arthur Du- 
Vernet, was so active as to supply, in a survey of the 
important legal work with which he was identified, a 
list of the notable cases of the period. Besides legal 
connections of conspicuous note he had association in 
advisory and executive capacity with the city's financial 
institutions and he was also well known socially. His 
name stands high upon the list of Toronto's citizens 
of all time. 

Mr. DuVernet was born in Clarenceville, Province 
of Quebec, May 27, 1866, and in Clarenceville and 
Chambly schools prepared for Upper Canada College. 
He discontinued his studies in the last-named institution 
to enter a Montreal bank, and soon afterward, deciding 
to take up the study of law, he returned to Toronto 
and was articled to Jones Brothers & Mackenzie. In 
1889 he was called to the bar, and a career of broad 
activity brought him to a place among the leaders of the 
legal profession in Canada. His first partnership was 
in the firm of DuVernet & Jones, and at the time of his 
death he was head of the firm of DuVernet, Raymond, 
Ross & Ardagh. He appeared in notable civil and 
criminal cases, attaining equal distinction in both branch- 
es of his calling, and upon the death of B. B. Osier, 
Mr. DuVernet succeeded to the office of Crown prosecu- 
tor. The case that first brought him into prominence 
was the celebrated Virgo trial, when he defended the 
interests of a poor peddler. His adroit and forceful 
handling of this case, the skill and learning that he 
displayed in its direction, his resourcefulness even when 
the tide of evidence and opinion seemed to be against 
him, won national notice, and from that time his pro- 
fessional success was assured. At the outbreak of the 
World War Mr. DuVernet was in England conducting a 
case before the Privy Council, and, returning home, he 
was extremely active in the prosecution of traitors to 
the national cause. When death called him from his 
labors he was pressing the prosecution, in his Crown 
capacity, of Emil Nerlich, charged with treason. 

Mr. DuVernet was vice-president of the Union Trust 
Company and a director of the Union Bank, and his 
judgment in financial affairs was proved to be on a parity 
with his professional ability. He was a member of the 
Albany Club, York Club, Toronto Club, and Toronto 
Golf Club, and found his chief recreations in golf and in 
European travel, being familiar with all of the points 
of historic, scenic and artistic interest on the Continent. 

Mr. DuVernet married, August 10, 1892, Julia Sophia 
Marling, daughter of Alexander Marling, LL.D., deputy 
minister of education for Ontario, whose death occurred 
in 1890. Ernest Edward Arthur DuVernet died in 



98 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



Toronto, May 31, 1916. There were given to him vast 
and unusual powers, and he took a place in a profession 
where he was privileged to use these powers to safeguard 
the welfare of his fellows, to further the ends of justice, 
and to prevent the accomplishment of wrong. He 
exercised a wise and careful stewardship over these 
gifts, and derived from them worthy rewards for others 
and for himself. 



ROBERT McKENZlE BERTRAM— For two de- 
cades the name of Bertram was known throughout the 
Dominion in connection with the manufacture of engines 
and with shipbuilding, and it was in the Bertram Engine 
and Shipbuilding Company that Robert McKenzie 
Bertram's active career began. In the interval between 
the death of his father, one of the original heads of 
this enterprise under the family name, and the sale of 
the business to other interests, Mr. Bertram guided 
this vast organization as president, then entering the 
field of brick manufacture, in which he continued, with 
other important industrial holdings, until his death. 
He was a man of strong business ability, interested in 
all work for civic improvement, material and mora!, 
socially popular, and gifted artistically, and his death 
in 1916 removed from his community a man who had 
proved his value in many relations to its life. 

Robert McKenzie Bertram was a son of John and Hel- 
en (Shields) Bertram, his father having died in Toronto, 
in November, 1904. John Bertram was in earlier life 
a resident of Peterboro, Ontario, a wholesale hardware 
dealer, and from 1872 to 1878 sat for West Peterboro in 
the House of Commons. In 1881 he came to Toronto, 
and here became prominent industrially as president 
of the Collins Inlet Lumber Company and as president 
of the Bertram Engine and Shipbuilding Company. 
The latter company was originally the Doty Engine 
Company, which failed in 1892, owing a large amount to 
John Bertram and George H. Bertram, his brother. 
The brothers, endeavoring to make these debts good, 
took over the engine works, determined upon their 
rehabilitation, and this concern, under their own name, 
they placed among the largest and most successful 
industrial plants of the city. John Bertram was well 
known in public life, was chairman of the Dominion 
Commission on Transportation, and in 1897 was a mem- 
ber of the Ontario Forestry Commission. He was a 
Liberal in political faith, and a member of the Unitarian 
church. 

Robert McKenzie Bertram was born at Peterboro, 
Ontario, April 4, 1873. After obtaining his education 
in Upper Canada College and the University of Toronto 
School of Science, Mr. Bertram entered his father's 
business, the Bertram Engine and Shipbuilding Com- 
pany, and at the end of his first year's work was sent to 
Clyde Bank, Scotland, to study shipbuilding as there 
practiced. Returning to Canada, he again took up work 
m the Bertram plant, and upon the death of his father 
in November, 1904, succeeded to the presidency. This 
post he filled until the Bertram Engine and Shipbuilding 
Company was sold to Frederick Nichols, Mr. Bertram 
entering upon the manufacture of brick. He became 
president of the Medina Shale Brick Company at Streets- 
ville, Ontario, and when this company, several years 
later, was merged with the Milton Brick Company, Mr. 
Bertram became a director of the latter organization. 
He was also vice-president of the Collins Inlet Lumber 
Company, and for the last few years of his life devoted 
the greater part of it to the Collins' interests. He was 
a director of the Burlington Steel Company, of Hamilton, 
and of the Lincoln Electric Company. Rotary Club 
activities appealed strongly to him, and throughout 
the period of the war he was a leader in all organized 



effort in support of the troops in the field. He ga 
sympathetic interest and generous support to wo 
with boys, and felt that such endeavor helped to ma 
firm the foundation of the Dominion's manhood in t 
coming years. 

Mr. Bertram was a member of the Canadian Man 
facturers' Association, the National Club, and t 
Lambton Golf Club. Golf was his favorite out-of-dc 
recreation, and another manner in which he fou 
relaxation from business was in sculpturing, his talei 
in sculpture and modeling being far beyond the ordinal 

Mr. Bertram married Louise H. Hodgens, daughter 
Edward Hodgens, of London, Ontario, and they were t 
parents of: Robert E., Frances Louise, and Willii 
Edington. Mr. Bertram died July 17, 1916. 

JOHN HENRY PATERSON— In the summa 
of the life activity of John Henry Paterson stands su 
stantial business success, religious service perform 
in sincerity and devotion, philanthropic work of fi 
reaching value, and association with his fellows 
numerous fraternal and social organizations, to whi 
he brought a genial friendliness and goodwill tt 
endeared him to all. His career was productive of lar 
contributions to the general good, and his passing 
1921 brought universal regret in the wide circles in whi 
he was known. 

Mr. Paterson was a son of Peter Paterson, a nati 
of Scotland, who came to Canada and located in "Tore 
to. Peter Paterson was a prominent dry goods mercha 
and was also well known in financial dealings, bei 
president of the first Board of Underwriters and al 
governor of the British-American Insurance Compar 
He married Hannah Wilson. 

John Henry Paterson was born in Toronto, April i 
1853, and attended Trinity College School at Westt 
going with the school to Port Hope. As a youth of si 
teen years he entered the employ of John McNabb 
Company, hardware merchants, and subsequent 
traveled in the interest of the Ives Hardware Compar 
of Montreal. In 1880 he formed a partnership with IW 
Rabjohn, as Paterson & Rabjohn, for the manufactu 
of hardware. Not long afterward Mr. Rabjohn dispos 
of his interest, and George Gouinlock entered the fin 
which then became the Toronto Hardware Manufacti 
ing Company, at No. 1100 Queen street. West. T 
nature of the company's product gradually change 
and eventually the manufacture of open fireplaces, grat< 
mantles, tiles, and similar commodities, became t 
leading interest. Subsequently, the production of ca 
iron soil pipe and fittings was taken up, and later the 
was added a line of galvanized range boilers. "The o 
quarters were outgrown in the steady expansion of tl 
business, and in 1902 property was bought at Duffer 
street, adjoining the Grand Trunk railway tracks, whe 
the group of specially designed buildings was erecte 
At this time the company's product was chiefly ca 
iron soil pipe and fittings and range boilers. In 1914 M 
Gouinlock's death occurred, and Mr. Paterson becar 
sole proprietor. In 1918 a limited company was forme 
with Mr. Paterson as president, an office that he capab 
and efficiently filled until his death in 1921, when I 
wife succeeded him in the presidency. The companj 
buildings occupy a tract four hundred and eighty 1 
one hundred and thirty feet, with yards on the Grai 
Trunk railway, and one hundred and fifty people a 
employed. During the World War the company, workt 
in co-operation with the Munitions Board and designat 
contractors, devoted its efforts toward supplying hosp 
als, munitions factories and depots with its prodm 
and in this service a high point of efficiency and sat 
faction was reached. 



the field, 
supuori 



IMg^ 



.ram was a niv 



Dor 






r. railway, Mni one hundreti aud iifty pei. 
jyed. During the World War the company, v 
operation with the Munitions Board and desigr , 
;icton, devoted its efforts toward suppl^riitg hmt 

■r - i'i ^ri'tories and depots with its pr<^" 

a high point of rffidency am 




J^y ^ampAeA' j\f. X 



■1 

1 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



99 



Notable among Mr. Paterson's interests was his mem- 
bership in St. Thomas' Anglican Church, of which he 
was a warden for several years, and a leader in all the 
work of the church. He represented his congregation in 
the Synod and was a member of the finance committee of 
this body. For nearly thirty years Mr. Paterson was 
treasurer of the House of Industry, and he was also a 
member of the council of the Bishop Strachan School. 
He was past master of Ionic Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons, and throughout his lifetime gave a great deal of 
time and thought to the work of the order. Mr. Paterson 
was one of the reorganizers of the Grenadiers, and 
retired from military life with the rank of captain. There 
were many clubs and social organizations in which he 
was a highly-regarded and influential member, including: 
Royal Automobile Club, of London, England; Royal 
Canadian Yacht Club, of Toronto; Ontario Motor 
League; Canadian Club; Empire Club; Royal Canadian 
Military Institute; Victoria Club; Ontario Jockey Club; 
Toronto Club; Toronto Golf Club; Toronto Hunt 
Club; Argonaut Rowing Club; York Club; and the 
Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. He was fond of 
;olf, and in this sport and in travelling found his principal 
•ecreations from business cares. A memorial to his 
■nemory is at the Hospital of Trinity College, at Port 
iHope, consisting of one wing of two fully equipped wards. 
! Mr. Paterson married Florrie Ince, daughter of 
[William Ince, one of the most prominent business men 
bf Toronto. Mr. Paterson died in Toronto, February 4, 
1921. There is no chapter of his life story that is not 
jvorthy of earnest perusal as the record of a Christian 
jentleman of noble mind. 

JOHN WATT— In the year 1898, John Watt came to 
Kfest Toronto Junction from his Peel county farm, and 
sstablished himself in a very small way, starting in a 
imall store a wholesale hay, grain and feed business, 
laving for a supply end a small hay and straw baling 
)usiness and storehouses on the railway outside for 
itoring same from the baling machine to supply the 
)usiness with the commodities in which they were opera- 
;ing. The enterprise he founded is now the Watt Milling 
nd Feed Company, Limited, of which he is president 
nd general manager, and whose operations include the 
bove lines, timber limits, saw and shingle mills, operated 
supply the retail lumber business. The company 
lolds high rank in its line, and is at present transacting 
n annual business of more than $750,000 turnover, 
ndustry, determination and integrity, energetic appli- 
ation to the upbuilding of the concern, and wise direction 
in the part of John Watt and his associates under him 
! lave placed the company in its present enviable position 
, n Toronto's commercial world. 

John Watt is a son of John Watt, Sr., who was born in 
Scotland, in 1832, the youngest of a family of six chil- 
Iren. John Watt, the father, came to Scarboro, Canada, 
n 1855, and during his active career was engaged in 
arming . His wife, Elizabeth (Garbutt) Watt, was born 
n Summerville, Ontario, in 1835, of English parents, 
rhey were married at Summerville, Ontario, in 1859. 
At. and Mrs. John Watt have celebrated their diamond 
nniversary, and both enjoy good health (1919). 
John Watt was born in Carlton West, York county, On- 
ario, September 24, 1866. He attended Davenport 
ichool and later Weston High School, and from the time 
is education was completed until the founding of his 
■resent business he was his father's assistant on the 
:ome farm. In 1896 he came to Toronto and became a 
/holesale dealer in hay, grain and feed, in 1902 forming 
partnership under the firm name of the Watt Milling 
nd Feed Company, continuing in the same lines. On 
anuary 26, 1907, the business was incorporated as a 



limited company. Very shortly after incorporation the 
firm went into the wooden skewer manufacture for the 
British market, and the enterprise was so successful that 
inside of two years from starting they were delivering 
two carloads per month of product on the Quay, London, 
Manchester, Liverpool, and had orders in their books 
for two years ahead, and through their operations closed 
up six American factories who in a very few months 
after bought the firm's interest in the wooden skewer 
business out at a handgome profit, and then they went 
into another line of business to keep Canadian workers 
busy. From this time retail lumber dealings were con- 
ducted in addition to the operations in hay, grain and 
feed. The large business carried on by the company 
is mostly local in character, and the company has 
elevator and storage capacity for five thousand tons of 
grain. The lumber yard and storehouses accommodate 
two million board feet of lumber, and a splendidly up- 
to-date planing mill and cabinet shop, modernly and 
completely equipped, having every labor saving device, 
is a prosperous department of the business. From a 
modest beginning the business of the firm has grown 
to an annual volume of $800,000, this splendid record 
the visible result of Mr. Watt's sterling business quali- 
ties and unflagging energy. The new offices of the 
company, built in 1920, are at No. 361 Royce avenue, 
containing four private offices, general office, all finished 
in different kinds of wood, and represent the finest and 
most efficient arrangement in business homes. All of 
the woodwork used therein was manufactured and 
finished by the company in its plant, and no care or 
expense has been spared in making the company offices 
an attractive demonstration of the quality of its prod- 
ucts. Mr. John Watt is a director in several large 
corporations. He is a Liberal in political belief, and in 
religion a Baptist. 

Mr. Watt married, in Toronto, in 1891, Mary Rown- 
tree, of Carleton West, and they are the parents of the 
following children: 1. David, a minister, whose present 
charge is the church at Stormville, New York State, 
married Bertha Hofland, of York county. 2. Sadie 
Adeline, who served overseas with St. John's Ambulance 
Corps for two years; married, in England, an army 
sergeant, John Douglas, their home is at No. Ill St. 
Clements avenue. North Toronto. 3. John Lloyd, 
enlisted in the Canadian army in 1917, served as in- 
structor in artillery at local camps, and was honorably 
discharged in the summer of 1918; is now employed with 
his father in business, married Lilian Morris, of the City 
of "Toronto. 

ROBERT ALEXANDER SMITH— The business 
career upon which Mr. Smith embarked as an auditor 
in young manhood was at its outset no more promising 
than that of many others, and there were no assurances 
of the important and responsible place he was to reach 
in the financial life of the Dominion. That place he 
attained through a determination to achieve in an 
industry that overlooked no honorable means to success, 
and when accidental death in a motor accident befell 
him he was numbered among Canada's most able men 
of affairs. That he lived in a sphere far broader than 
finance or industry is attested by the words of Sir Ed- 
mund Osier, spoken when the tragic news of Mr. Smith's 
death became known: 

Ho was always con.siderat« and generoas. There wa-s not a day fa 
which he did not think of otiiers, not a day that tlid not sec some land 
and helpful ;u;t done by Imn. Large in stature, his impulses found 
expression in an equally ample mould. In a business way he reflected, 
of course, competency and rectitude to the utmost degree. But at 
no time did fie seek honors beyond his own immediate sphere 
of work. 



It 



100 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



Robert Alexander Smith was born at Rayne, Scotland, 
January 24, 1860, and was killed in an automobile 
accident in Toronto, July 17, 1912. He attended public 
schools in his native land, and upon the completion of 
his studies was for six years employed by the North of 
Scotland railway as auditor. At the end of this time, in 
1882, he came to Canada, and his first business associa- 
tion in his new home was as auditor with the old Northern 
Railway Company. Subsequently, he was employed for 
one year in the same capacity by William Scarth, of 
the Canadian Northwest Company, in Toronto. In 
1896 Mr. Smith entered the employ of Osier & Ham- 
mond, stock brokers, as an auditor, and in this connection 
his talents and industry won quick appreciation and 
reward, resulting in his admission to the firm. In this 
firm and in the financial life of the city of Toronto Mr. 
Smith became a dominating factor, rendering service 
of large value to his time, and directing his operations 
upon a plane of unimpeachable integrity. From 1896 
until his death he was a member of the Toronto Stock 
Exchange, and in 1902-1903 served as president of that 
body. With his firm interests went responsible official 
position in nimierous industrial and business enterprises, 
and he was secretary of the Qu'Appelle, Long Lake 
& Saskatchewan Railroad and Steamship Company; 
secietary and treasurer of the Toronto Ferry Company; 
and a director of the Mackay-Bennett Cable Company, 
the Consolidated Caribou Mining Company, Ontario 
and Qu'Appelle Land Company, Victoiia Rolling Stock 
Company of Ontario, Ltd., and the Royal Alexander 
Theatre. Few men had his capacity for diligence and 
sustained effort, and the amount of work that he accom- 
plished was most remarkable. When he was employed 
in subordinate position he gave himself wholeheartedly to 
the interests of his firm, and when he had progressed 
to an independent place in the business world, this sense 
of responsibility he felt as keenly in regard to the welfare 
and prosperity of his associates and the public. A lifetime 
of uncompromising rectitude in business affairs as in 
private life won him the respect and admiration of all 
men. 

Mr. Smith's social connections were many, and he 
enjoyed to the full companionship with his fellows when 
the cares of business had been laid aside. He was one of 
the founders of the Toronto Hunt Club, and was also 
a member of the Toronto Club, Toronto Golf Club, 
Albany Club, York Club, National Club, Royal Canadian 
Yacht Club, and the Toronto Rowing Club. In fraternal 
affiliation he was a member of Ionic Lodge, Free and 
Accepted Masons, and his church was St. Andrew's 
Presbyterian. 

Robert Alexander Smith married, at Montreal, in 
1886, Eliza Thomson, born in Aberdeen, Scotland, and 
their children are: 1. Captain Francis Jackson, a member 
of the Forty-eighth Highlanders, who was for three years 
held prisoner in Germany, now associated with the firm 
of Osier & Hammond. 2. Ruth, who married Gerald 
Greene, of Toronto. 

ZEBULUN AITON LASH, K.C., LL.D.— In the 

law and in finance it was given to Zebulun Alton Lash to 
attain a position of such eminence that in both fields 
of endeavor he was recognized as a leader whose influence 
extended to the very heart of the Dominion's welfare. 
To profound legal knowledge and masterly skill in the 
presentation of legal fact and argument he added strong 
executive abilities and financial acumen of first order, 
and these talents were enlisted in works that brought 
large measures of benefit to his fellows. His name is 
written in honorable place in the history of his country. 
Zebulun Aiton Lash was born in Newfoundland, in 
September, 1846, son of William Lash, and was there 



educated, pursuing legal studies and being called to the 
bar in 1868. He made rapid advance in his profession, 
and from 1872 to 1876 was deputy Minister of Justice of 
Canada. Created a King's Counsel (M. of Lome) in 
1879, he was elected a Bencher of the Law Society in 
1898, re-elected in 1906. Upon the expiration of his term 
as deputy Minister of Justice, he resumed practice at the 
bar, entering into partnership with the Messrs. Blake, of 
Toronto, and later becoming one of the senior members 
of the firm of Blake, Lash, Anglin & Cassels. His re- 
markable powers as a lawyer brought him a large and 
distinguished clientele, and he was counsel for the 
Dominion Government before the Privy Council (Eng- 
land) in the Mercer Escheat in 1880, also appealing 
there in other important cases. In his earlier years he 
was lecturer and examiner in commercial and criminal 
law to the Law Society of Upper Canada, and he was 
later chief counsel to the Canadian Bankers' Association, 
the Canadian Northern Railway, the Canadian Bank 
of Commerce, and other leading factors in the business 
and financial life of the Dominion. In his extensive 
business connections were: Presidency of the Great 
Northwestern Telegraph Company, the vice-presidency 
of the Quebec & Lake St. John Railway, Canadian 
Northern Railway, National Trust Company, Mexico 
Tramways Company, the Canadian Bank of Commerce, 
and he was also director of the British American Assur- 
ance Company, the Western Assurance Company, the 
Western Canada Flour Mills Company, the Bell Tele- 
phone Company of Canada, and Mackenzie, Mann & 
Company, Ltd., of which last he was a promoter. Mr. 
Lash was described as "a lawyer of the foremost rank 
and a man of sound judgment in business affairs, an 
authority on banking," and as "one of the twenty-three 
men who were at the basis of Canadian finance." 

Mr. Lash was vice-chairman of the board of governors 
of Toronto University, and this institution in 1909 con- 
ferred upon him an honorary LL.D. His philanthropic 
activities were numerous, their avenues wisely chosen, 
and he was a particularly generous friend of the Toronto 
General Hospital, of which he was a trustee, and the 
Young Men's Christian Association. He was chairman 
of the Canadian National League. He was the author of 
numerous papeis on professional subjects and topics 
of current interest, which were contributed to periodical 
publications, and in 1879 he wrote "A Treatise on Vice- 
Admiralty in Connection with the Jurisdiction of the 
Maritime Court of Ontario." Mr. Lash was a director 
of the York Club and of the Fish and Game Protective 
Association, and he was a member of the York, Toronto, 
Rideau (Ottawa) and Mount Royal (Montreal) clubs. 
His church was the Presbyterian. 

Mr. Lash entered most actively into public affairs 
during the discussion of the Taft-Fielding Reciprocity 
"Treaty in 1911, bitterly opposing its ratification and 
contributing in no small degree to its defeat. The feeling 
engendeied during this struggle resulted in his with- 
drawal from the Liberal party. 

Mr. Lash married the daughter of Judge Miller, of 
Gait, Ontario, and they were the parents of Zebulun G. 
Lash, a sketch of whom follows. In the death of Zebulun 
A. Lash, which occurred January 24, 1920, the Dominion 
lost a citizen who for many years had been an outstanding 
figure in affairs intimately linked with the fortunes of all 
its people, and Toronto one of its most distinguished 
representatives. 

ZEBULUN G. LASH— Since 1912 Mr. Lash has been 
associated with the interest to which he gives a large 
share of his time and attention, Cassidy's, Ltd., whole- 
sale dealers in glass, china, and silverware, forming his 
connection with this organization when its operations 




ie^'%^ 



/ 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



101 



were conducted as Gowans, Kent & Company, Ltd. 
Mr. Lash is a son of a man who ranked as the foremost 
corporation lawyer of the Dominion and one of its 
strongest financiers, Zebulun Aiton Lash (see preceding 
sltetch). 

Zebulun G. Lash was born in Ottawa, Canada, in 
December, 1877, and in 1882 came with his parents to 
Toronto. Here he attended private schools and Upper 
Canada College, in 1896 entering business life in associa- 
tion with the Gutta Percha Rubber Company and 
filling various executive positions in that organization 
until 1911. In 1912 he became identified with Gowans, 
Kent & Company, Ltd., the firm in 1921 changing its 
title to Cassidy's, Ltd. Its dealings are in glass, china 
and silverware in the wholesale market, and Mr. Lash, 
who is financially interested in the company, is active 
in its operations in special capacity. He is a member of 
the Toronto Club, Empire Club, National Club, Royal 
Canadian Yacht Club, and Ontario Motor League, and 
is a communicant of St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church. 

Mr. Lash married, in Cayuga, Ontario, in 1908, Alice 
Upper, daughter of Judge M. C. Upper, of Cayuga, 
Ontario, and they are the parents of one son, Geoffrey. 

GORDON BRUCE BALFOUR— With a record of 
successful activity in the law, and of military service 
that won him major's rank, Mr. Balfour continues 
professional work as a member of the firm of Phelan 
& Balfour. He is a native of Toronto, son of John Page 
and Elizabeth B. (Mitchell) Balfour; his father, now 
deceased, was born in Scotland, coming to Canada in 
1850, was educated at the University of Toronto, and 
settled in Toronto about 1880. Mrs. Elizabeth B. 
Balfour survives to the present (1922). 

Gordon Bruce Balfour was born December 25, 1882. 
He obtained his early education in the Parkdale Model 
School and Parkdale Collegiate Institute, then entered 
Toronto University, whence he was graduated B.A. in 
1906. His legal studies were pursued at the Osgoode Hall 
Law School, where he finished in 1909, and his general 
civil practice was begun in association with the firm of 
Smith, Rae & Greer. Since being called to the bar, he 
has practised continuously in Toronto, excepting while 
; serving overseas in the late war. 

At p'-esent he is a member of the firm of Phelan & 
I Balfour, his partner being Thomas N. Phelan, K.C. 
This firm has offices in the Royal Bank building and 
carries on an extensive commercial and company practice 
as well as considerable civil litigation. 

In January, 1916, Mr. Balfour enlisted in the Canadian 
Field .Artillery, was commissioned lieutenant, and in 
April, 1916, recruited and organized the 70th Battery, 
of which he was given command with the rank of captain. 
'In Januaiy, 1917, he was promoted to major, and in 
(July of that year went oveiseas, joining the Imperial 
Army in the Royal Garrison Siege Artillery, retaining 
his Canadian rank. Major Balfour commanded the 366th 
Siege Battery in France, and remained with that organ- 
ization until demobilization in February, 1919. He re- 
turned to Canada in March, 1919. Mr. Balfour is a 
member of the Delta Chi fraternity, St. Andrews and 
Harcourt lodges of the Masonic order, and numerous 
clubs, including the Ontario, Lambton Golf and Country, 
Royal Canadian Yacht, and Toronto Hunt. 

Mr. Balfour married, in Toronto, April 30, 1919, 
Aileen Kemp, daughter of W. A. Kemp. 

JOHN SHAW— During the four score years of his 
'"6 there came to John Shaw opportunities for splendid 
public service, and in the improvement of these oppor- 
t.unities, in the performance of responsible duties of 
unusual public moment, he won a measuie of regard 



and esteem that constituted eloquent tribute to his 
standing in the community. As attorney, mayoi, member 
of Parliament, and as the representative of his fellows 
in many varied capacities, he won their confidence and 
appreciation, and his career was crowned with all that 
is most worth while in life. 

John Shaw was a son of George Shaw, a builder, of 
Toronto, who mairied a Mfes Dempsey, member of a 
prominent family of the city, and here spent his entire 
life. John Shaw was born in Toronto in 1837, and after 
attending the public schools, entered Upper Canada 
College, finishing his education at Victoria College. 
Reading law in the offices of Patterson & Harris, he be- 
came a barrister in 1870, and after a period of successful 
practice, made political aflfairs his profession. From 1884 
to 1897 he was a member of the Board of Aldermen, 
and while serving in this body was delegated in 1894 to 
go to England to negotiate the sale of city bonds. In 
1895 he became president of the City Council, and from 
1897 to 1899 served Toronto with distinction as mayor. 
Mr. Shaw was elected to Parliament for North Toronto 
in 1908, but soon afterward resigned in favor of Mr. 
Foy, and from that time until his death was connected 
with the city administration. He was a man of strong 
public spirit, tireless in his efforts for the public welfare, 
and Toronto owes him a debt of large proportions for 
valuable contributions to the general good. Poverty 
and distress always evoked his active sympathy and his 
aid in time of need is gratefully remembered bv the many 
to whom he extended a helping hand. He was a member 
of the Masonic order, and an Orangeman. 

John Shaw married, in Buffalo, New York, Elizabeth 
(Sleeth) McLellan, a widow, and daughter of David 
Sleeth, a native of Canada, for many years foreman of 
the printing department of the "Leader," and Jane 
(Bucknell) Sleeth, his wife, born in England. . Mrs. 
(Sleeth-McLellan) Shaw has a daughter by her first 
marriage to James McLellan, Isabelle, who married 
William Taylor, of Toronto, and has four children. 
Mr. and Mrs. Shaw adopted a daughter, Mabel Shaw, 
who married Charles Crane. Mrs. Crane died Dec. 2, 
1921, the mother of four children. 

John Shaw died November 7, 1917. A lifetime in the 
busy woild of public affairs had left him the friend of all 
his fellows, a man of sufficient breadth of mind and 
warmth of heart to rise above the differences of party 
and faction and to see his associates at their true value. 
He made a deep and lasting impression upon his time, 
and the half decade that has passed since his calling 
finds his memory green. 

SIDNEY FINLAY MacKINNON— The career of 
Mr. MacKinnon in the commercial and financial life 
of the Dominion was one whose influence was wide- 
spread and whose value was felt in many circles. This, in 
some degree, is true of many men who achieve largely, 
and those features of the life of Mr. MacKinnon which 
remain undimnied in the memory of his associates are 
not the magnitude of his operations, not the skillful and 
forceful direction of the organizations foi which he was 
responsible, but the spirit in which he met the reverses 
as well as the successes of life, the courage and fairness 
that characterized him in the worid of affairs, the gener- 
osity and strict sense of honor that he bore in business 
as in his private life. These were the qualities of his 
character that endeared him to the great circle of his 
business colleagues. The review of his life and work 
shows his high place in Toronto, the city he made his 
home and the center of many of his affairs. 

Sidney Finlay MacKinnon was born in Esquesing 
township, Halton county, Ontario, March 25, 1843, 
son of William MacKinnon, a Presbyterian clergyman, 



102 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



who died when his son was a child. Sidney Finlay 
MacKinnon was reared in the home of an uncle, obtaining 
his education in the public schools of his native county 
and securing his first employment in a general store at 
Georgetown. Here he lemained for several years, then 
serving as a clerk in a dry goods establishment at 
Wingham, subsequently /eturning to Georgetown to 
enter retail dealings in dry goods. His first establishment 
was destroyed by fire, and after this misfortune he came 
to Toronto, investing his savings in a partnership enter- 
prise in the firm of Brayley, Ash, & MacKinnon. Their 
field of operation was wholesale dry goods, and in the 
course of their dealings they met with severe financial 
reverses. In consequence of this, Mr. MacKinnon formed 
a_ new firm, MacKinnon, Proctor & McCall, an associa- 
tion that continued until the death of Mr. Proctor and 
Mr. McCall's retirement, after which Mr. MacKinnon 
conducted his business independently as S. F. Mac- 
Kinnon & Company, Ltd., at No. 50 FYont street. The 
wholesale trade in dry goods and millinery occupied 
him for a time, and he afterward added the manufacture 
of mantles, both departments of his business flourishing 
in generous measure. Large warehouse space becoming 
an imperative need, he erected the MacKinnon building, 
at_ Jordan and Melinda streets, but, deciding to devote 
this structure to office purposes, he secured the property 
at York and Wellington streets for his business. A 
large proportion of the goods that he handled was of 
European manufacture, and prior to his retirement in 
1902, Mr. MacKinnon journeyed across the Atlantic 
one huP-dred and twenty-six times on business missions. 
Even after laying aside the burdens of executive manage- 
ment, he retained an interest in the house that he had 
founded, spending much of his leisure in journeys to all 
parts of the world. 

_ Mr. MacKinnon's important business interests out- 
Side of his special line of work included directorship of 
the Ontario Beet Sugar Company, the Western Consoli- 
dated Electric Company, the Northwest Land Company, 
the Toronto Electric Light Company and the General 
Accident Assurance Company. He was president of the 
Dominion of Canada Guarantee and Accident Insurance 
Company, president of the International Mercantile 
Agency of Canada, president of the Anglo-American Fire 
Insurance Company, and president of the Canada Paint 
Company. He had extensive real estate interests in 
Toronto and the West and as vice-president of the 
Toronto Board of Trade, labored effectively to promote 
the commercial and industrial interests of his city. 

Mr. MacKinnon was a member of the syndicate that 
owned the yacht "Canada," that successfully competed 
for the challenge cup with the American yacht "Ven- 
cedor" in 1906, winning in straight races at Toledo, 
Ohio. Throughout a career that comprises service in 
many responsible positions and in widely varied fields 
of huinan activity, Mr. MacKinnon was noted for the 
strict integrity and hi<^h motives that inspired him. 
Illustrative of this is his action in connection with the 
failure of Brayley, Ash & MacKinnon, when large 
accounts were owed in England. Mr. MacKinnon 
worked with untiring industry to discharge tiiese 
obligations, and succeeding in his aim, went to England, 
called all of the creditors together at a banquet, placing 
beneath each plate a check for the full amount of his 
former firm's indebtedness. This action established 
credit which was never impaired, and in appreciation of 
his upright course and rigid interpretation of the highest 
rules of commercial ethics, the creditors presented Mrs. 
MacKinnon with a silver service, which today is one 
of the most valued possessions of his family. Mr. 
MacKinnon was a member of the official board of the 
St. James Square Presbyterian Church, and served as 



a councillor of the Canadian branch of the British Rec 
Cross Society. His social memberships were in the Roya! 
Canadian Yacht Club, the National Club, and th< 
Lambton Golf and Country Club. He was a Liberal ir 
political convictions, and in 1901 was the unsuccessful 
candidate for Parliament from Halton county. 

Sidney F. MacKinnon married, in Georgetown 
Isabella Mackay, daughter of Hugh Mackay, born a1 
Nelson, May 10, 1847, died in Toronto, October 16 
1913. Children: 1. Elizabeth Telfer, who marriec 
Edward A. Miles, and their children are: Sidney Ed- 
ward MacKinnon, a resident of New York City, whc 
served in the Aviation Corps of the United States army ir 
the World War with the rank of lieutenant, and marriec 
Grace Holder, of Toledo, Ohio; and Lawford Arthur 
a resident of San Francisco, California, who went over- 
seas in the World War with the Canadian Mechanica: 
Transport Service and won his commission on the field 
he married Winona G. Howett, of San Francisco. 2, 
John Alexander, who died in infancy. 3. Ethel, who alsc 
died in infancy. Sidney Finlay MacKinnon died ir 
London, England, August 4, 1911. 

WILLIAM G. HARRIS, JR.— One of the most 
important industrial enterprises in the city of Toronto 
and the largest in its field in the Dominion of Canada 
is the seven acre plant of the Canada Metal Company 
Limited, of which William G. Harris, Sr., is the head, 
and William G. Harris, Jr., is vice-president and one 
of the active managers of the business. The Harris 
family were among the early settlers of Toronto, and 
Mr. Harris, Sr. is a son of W. G. and Mary Harris, 
respected citizens of the Toronto of a day gone by. 

William G. Harris, Sr., the founder and the president 
of the Canada Metal Company, Limited, was borr 
in Toronto, February 26, 1861, and received orily the 
advantages of a public school education. His first 
employment was in a printing office, at a small wage, 
and from that time until he was twenty-five years of age 
he followed such occupations as presented opportunities 
of advancement. With varied experience, which gave him 
ability to appraise and judge the possibilities of success 
in the business world, he established, in 1886, the 
business which has grown to the present extensive 
proportions. Mr. Harris' first plant was on William 
street, near Queen street, and at the start the entire 
force of the executive, production and distribution 
departments consisted of one person — himself. But his 
equipment included not only his machinery and delivery 
wagon, but mental powers possessing dynamic qualities, 
and the physical endurance to back them up. The years 
of struggle during the upward climb are now history, and 
the achievement is embodied in the magnificent rnoderr 
plant in Toronto, on Frazer avenue, near the Exhibitior 
Grounds, and branch factories at Montreal, Winnipej 
and Vancouver. Mr. Harris holds that his success wa: 
built on quality of product, and this continues the rulini 
policy of the organization. The product now includes ; 
great variety of metals and metal goods, largely for th 
plumbing trade, the principal product being lead pipe 
of which this concern is the largest producer in th 
Dominion. They also turn out Babbitt metals for a 
grades of macliinery, spelter, solder, ingot metals, shee 
lead, bronze castings, lead foils, plumbers' suppliei 
including the Dominionwide "Aristocrat" laundry tu 
and the "Pussyfoot" closet tank, brought to perfectio 
by Mr. Harris and noted for its silence; closet tanks an 
accessories of many kinds. The most highly skille 
metallurgical chemists are in charge of the laborator; 
In the production departments the most modern metl 
ods prevail and the best equipment obtainable is see 
everywhere. Some of the enormous melting pots in tl, 



4 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



108 



Babbitt metal, type and solder department have a capac- 
ity of thirty-five tons each. This means that a car-lot 
af metal is run through the melting process at one time. 
The brass foundry is equipped with fifteen furnaces 
using oil for fuel. The sheet lead department is a com- 
parative innovation in Canada, all sheet lead formerly 
laving been imported from England. Some of the 
ither interesting departments include the manufacturing 
)f their special brand of linotype metal, which is used 
rery extensively in the newspaper offices throughout the 
Dominion, and is superior for its unchanging physical 
lualities. The Graham Nail Works, also owned by this 
Mmpany and operated under their management, 
produces nails of every size, and many other products 
if steel and coppered wire, besides specialties of various 
rinds. A tower one hundred and fifty feet high was 
Built at a cost of about $20,000. for the manufacture 
)f shot, and an elevator to the top of this tower makes it 
)ne of the points of interest in the city as a place of 
sbservation, the view reaching over some of the most 
jeautiful country in the Province of Ontario. The 
Foronto plant employs from four to six hundred people, 
according to the times. 

In the way of relaxation, Mr. Harris seldom turns 
Tom his business interests, his chief pleasure being 
work, and among all his employees his genial disposition 
las won for him the name of "Smile." He is a member 
)f the Canadian Manufacturers' Association, and of the 
roronto Board of Trade. Fraternally he holds member- 
ihip in the Free and Accepted Masons, and the Canadian 
Drder of Foresters, also in the Sons of England. He is 
I member of the Methodist church. 

In 1883 Mr. Harris married, in Toronto, Ada Florence 
Proves, daughter of George and Martha Groves, and 
:hey are the parents of two children: William G., of 
urther mention, and Ada Florence, wife of George H. 
\nderson, a resident of Toronto. Mr. Hairis resides on 
Indian road. 

William G. Harris, Jr., vice-president of the Canada 
VIetal Company, Limited, was born in Toronto, March 
!0, 1885, and received a practical education in the 
lublic schools of his native city. At the age of sixteen 
'ea.'3 he entered the plant of which he is now one of the 
ictive managers. Beginning at the bottom, he mastered 
he business in all its departments, by the method of 
.ctual practice, then when thoroughly familiar with the 
)roductioii end, was received into the active management 
•t the business. At the incorporation of the firm, which 
iccuired in the year 1906, he was elected vice-president, 
nd still stands next to his father in the management of 
he business. 

Mr. Harris, Jr. takes little leisure from the exacting 
.emands of his business, but his principal outside 
nteiest is in the improvement of conditions in the rural 
ehools of the Province, and to this constructive en- 
eavor he devotes the greater part of his leisure time, 
le is a membei of the Methodist church. 

William G. Harris, Jr. married, in Toionto, Ap,il 
0, 1907, Minnie Chamberlain, daughter of Albert 
"hamberiain, and they have three children: William 
-Ibert, Margaret Mary, and Dorothy May. The 
imily residence is on Grenadier road, Toronto, and their 
ummer cottage is on the Hamilton highway. 



JOHN WANLESS— For many years at the head of 
ne of the oldest business firms in Toronto, and broadly 
iterested, in a constructive way, in the public progiess 
f the city and Province, John Wanless is a piominent 
gure in Toronto today. Coming of sturdy old Scottish 
ncestry, his grandfather was a graduate of the Universi- 
/ of Edinburgh and a noted educatoi of his day, teach- 



ing in the schools of his native land for a pe*iod of forty 
years. 

John Wanless, father of John Wanless, of this review, 
was born in Scotland, and coming to Toronto in his 
youth became one of the leading men of this city. In 
1861 he absorbed and reorganized the William Bell 
inteiests, which comprised a jewelry busine.ss established 
in Niagara in 1805 and removed to Toronto in 1840, 
where it was continued by the founders until the transfer 
above mentioned. From his first connection with the 
business, Mr. Wanless conducted it under his own 
name, and with the passing of the years he developed 
a very extensive and prosperous interest, giving the busi- 
ness his close personal attention. He was a man of 
public spirit, and for many years served as justice of 
the peace in Toronto. In the work of the Presbyterian 
church, of which he was a member, he was broadly 
active. He married Susan Kinsman, of Toronto, and 
both are now deceased. She was a native of Cornwall, 
England, whose ancestors were clergy of the Church 
of England. 

John Wanless, the present head of the business, was 
born in Toronto, August 28, 1862, and was educated in 
the Provincial Model School of Toronto, and by private 
tutors, Dr. McPhedran and the late Dr. Scott being 
among his teachers. He made special preparations for 
his business career, studying banking and accountancy 
in addition to the usual courses. Upon the completion 
of his studies, Mr. Wanless became his father's partner 
in the jewelry business, which he has since continued, 
broadening the scope of its interests and activity until 
now it is a large and thriving organization, known as 
the John Wanless Company, and includes the whole- 
saling, retailing and manufacturing of jewelry. This con- 
cern is unquestionably a leader in this field in Canada. 

In civic and welfare work Mr. Wanless has long been 
active, and for years has taken a prominent part. A 
member of the Canadian Manufacturers' Association, 
he is also a member of the Toronto Board of Trade. In 
1903-04-05 he was a member of the Council of the 
township of York, then later, in 1912-13-14, was an alder- 
man of the city of Toronto. Meanwhile, for many years, 
Mr. Wanless has been active in many branches of welfare 
work, taking an especial interest in the responsibility 
of the public to the children of the city and Province. 
In 1921-22 he was elected a member of the Board of 
Education, and through his influence various reforms 
are being instituted which promise large betterment in 
conditions. Among these may be mentioned the pay- 
ment of adequate salaries to well qualified teachers. 
Another equally vital, and perhaps even more wide- 
reaching, is the education of the children, even in the city 
schools, along agricultural and vocational lines. Mr. 
Wanless has long advocated, both personally and through 
the printed page, aggressive civic and provincial action 
in the encouragement of intelligent and assiduous 
progress in agriculture, and with his practical way of 
attacking a problem is going down to fundamentals and 
trying to implant in the minds of the children an ambi- 
tion to engage in productive activities. In a communica- 
tion to the Toronto "Star," Mr. Wanless outlined his 
view of the situation in Ontario, and in the summing up 
said: 

The foundations of Canada's future material prosperity depend 
largely upon the character and tlirift of her citizens and these can best 
be conserved by havlnpc two-thirds of our people on the land. Par- 
ents should send at least one tx)y to the farm. 

Mr. Wanless has never sought public honors, but 
has always held himself ready for public service, and 
considers it one of the deplorable facts of the day that so 
many capable, efficient citizens, with the advantages of 
special training and practical experience, refuse to lend 



104 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



these qualifications to the support of civic institutions 
by declining the responsibilities of office. Socially and 
fraternally, Mr. Wanless is widely connected. He is a 
member of the Royal Canadian Institute, of the York 
Pioneer Sons, of the Sons of Scotland, of the St. George 
Society, the Caledonian Society and St. Andrews 
Society, and of the Lansdowne Loyal Orange Lodge. 
He is a member of the Jersey Cattle Club, and of the 
Toronto Horticultural Society. He is still a student, 
and one of his principal recreative interests is reading 
along scientific and historical lines. 

Mr. Wanless married (first), in 1891, Mary E. Gregg, 
daughter of Rev. Prof. Gregg, long of Knox College, now 
deceased. He married (second), in 1898, Robena Christie, 
daughter of the late Dr. Robert Christie, of Paris, 
Ontario, who was a brother of the Hon. David Chnstie. 

EDWARD BENTLEY STOCKDALE— All of Mr. 

Stockdale's Toronto business life has been spent in 
association with the Trusts and Guarantee Company, 
Ltd., of which he is general manager. He holds an 
assured position in the financial circles of the city and is 
numbered among the younger generations of Toronto's 
men-of-affairs. 

Edward B. Stockdale is a son of William Stockdale, 
a farmer, who came to Canada trom England about 
1860. He was born in Peterboro, Ontario, May 1, 1882, 
and there attended public school. Upon the completion 
of his early education he spent four years in the office 
of Stratton & Hall, barristers of Peterboro, and in 1900 
came to Toronto, entering the Trusts and Guarantee 
Company, Ltd., as an accountant. Promoted through 
various grades of service in the administration of com- 
pany affairs, he was in 1913 appointed general manager, 
his present office. Mr. Stockdale is a director of the 
company, a director of the Wellington Fire Insurance 
Company, Ltd., and is connected with other financial 
and industrial organizations. 

Mr. Stockdale is deeply interested in athletic sports 
of all kinds, and is serving as president of the John Ross 
Robertson School Athletic Association. He is a member 
of the Ontario Club, the North Toronto Lawn Bowling 
Club, Rosedale Golf Club, and the Granite Club, of 
which he was for five yearspresident. 

Mr. Stockdale married Ethel Thomas, and they are 
the parents of: Doris, John Alexander, Elizabeth, 
Margaret, and Douglas. 



1913, and has appeared before the Privy Council m| 
counsel for Ontario. 

The military record of Colonel Maclnnes begins with 
his service in the Royal Grenadiers, covering the period 
from 1895 until 1901, during which, in 1900, he acted 
as temporary A.D.C. to General Button, at the time of 
the preparation of the Canadian contingent for the 
South African War. On the outbreak of war in Europe, 
he rejoined and volunteered for service, and in July, 
1915, was appointed assistant adjutant general, and 
stationed in Ottawa as a member of the Canadian Head- 
quarters Staff. In 1916 he was promoted to brevet 
lieutenant colonel, and at the beginning of 1917 was on 
special duty in England and France. In March, 1917, he 
was made deputy adjutant general for organization with 
the rank of colonel in the Canadian Expeditionary 
Forces, and filled that position for more than two years. 
He was mentioned in the London "Gazette" for war 
.■services, and in June, 1917, was created a companion 
of the Most Distinguished Order of St. Michael and St. 
George. In 1917-18 Colonel Maclnnes was frequently 
on military duty at Washington, and took part in the 
negotiations of the Military Service Convention between 
Canada and the States, which was fruitful of mutual 
advantage and the cementing of friendly relations be- 
tween the two governments. He was demobilized m 
April, 1919, and transferred to the reserve with the 
rank of colonel. Since then he has resumed the practice 
of law at Toronto, and has devoted himself largely 
to electrical cases, acting as counsel for the Hydro 
Electric Power Commission of Ontario. Politically he is 
a Liberal-Conservative. He is a member of the Trinity 
College Corporation, and a director of the Toronto 
University Alumni Association. His clubs are the 
Toronto, York, Toronto Golf and Toronto Hunt, and 
the Rideau and Country clubs of Ottawa. He is affiliated 
with the Anglican church. _ 

Colonel Maclnnes married, in Toronto, m June, 1902, 
Rose Louise Patteson, daughter of the late T. C. Patte- 
son, postmaster of Toronto. They reside at No. 1 
Admiral road, Toronto. 



CHARLES STEPHEN MacINNES, C.M.G., K.C.— 

Mr. Maclnnes is a leading barrister of Ontario, and 
internationally prominent in both legal and military 
affairs. He is a son of the late Hon. Donald Maclnnes, 
of Dundurn, Hamilton, his mother being a daughter of 
the late Chief Justice Sir John Beverley Robinson, Bart. 
Charles Stephen Maclnnes was born in Toronto, 
May 5, 1872. After the usual preparatory studies, he 
went to England to enter Marlborough College, from 
which he returned to Toronto in 1889, being a leaf 
exhibitioner. In 1892 he graduated from Trinity Univer- 
sity with the highest honors in both classics and philos- 
ophy, receiving his Bachelor's degree at that time and 
his Master's degree from the same institution the follow- 
ing year. In 1893-94 he was Fellow and lecturer in 
classics at Trinity University. After reading law with 
McCarthy, Osier, Hoskin & Creelman, and his uncle, 
Christopher Robinson, K.C., he was called to the 
Ontario bar, with honors and medal, in the year 1897. 
From that time until the present (1922), Mr. Maclnnes 
has practiced law in Toronto, was created King's 
Counsel in 1908, has acted before the International Joint 
Commission as counsel for Canada since its formation in 



BENJAMIN BARTON CRONYN— Grandson of tht 
first Anglican Bishop of the Diocese of Hudson, Bishof 
Benjamin Cronyn, Mr. Cronyn has an early and notabh 
Canadian ancestry, and to the record of the family ha; 
added honorable success in commercial and busines! 
lines. Mr. Cronyn is also active in a leading degree ii 
civic and philanthropic work, and is socially well known 

Son of Verschoyle and Sophia (Blake) Cronyn 
Benjamin Barton Cronyn was born in London, Ontarir 
July 3, 1862, and obtained his scholastic training i 
Upper Canada College and Toronto University. As 
young man of nineteen years he became a junior clerk i 
the establishment of Wyld, Brock & Darling, and upo 
the dissolution of the partnership he was appointe 
departmental manager with the W. R. Brock Company 
Ltd. In 1894 he was admitted to partnership and mad 
European buyer, and in 1904 he became vice-presider 
of the W. R. Brock Company, Ltd. To his officii 
responsibilities were added, in 1917, those of managir 
director, the post that he has since efficiently ar 
successfully filled. His mercantile experience has be« 
broad and comprehensive and his life-work has been 
valued share in the upbuilding of the great Bro< 
enterprise. While this is his major interest, Mr. Cronj 
has other business connections, and serves as direct 
the Union Bank of Canada and the Confederation Li 
Assurance Company, also being a member of the Toron 
Advisory Board of the Huron & Lake Erie Mortga 
Corporation and the Canada Trust Company. 





The Ean:n:cnP-j6faBhlr.5 Cn Ltd 




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BIOGRAPHICAL 



105 



In young manhood Mr. Cronyn was a member of the 
Queen's Own Rifles," but his part in the World War 
'as in support of all the agencies of victory by committee 
nd campaign work. He was also a director of the 
'atriotic Fund. He is a member of the executive com- 
littee of the International Grenfell Association, whose 
phere of work is the financing and direction of Dr. 
rrenfell's Labiador mission, which has performed 
jch a remarkable service for the inhabitants of that 
Dast. Mr. Cronyn finds his chief recreations in golf. 
Vom his college years he has been a member of the 
eta Phi fraternity, and he is also a member of the Toron- 
} Club and the Toronto Golf Club. In his religious 
uth, he is a member of St. Paul's Anglican Church. 



JOHN JOSEPH SEITZ— In the upbuilding of a sales 

pganization of national scope for the Underwood type- 

riter, Mr. Seitz, who had for a number of years been 

ssociated with the Great Northwestern Telegraph 

lompany, laid the foundation for business activity 

iat, supremely successful in one field, has extended 

'ith beneficial result to many other branches of endeavor. 

Ir. Seitz, a well known and highly respected resident 

f Toronto, whose business and personal acquaintance 

;aches throughout the Dominion, has long been active 

1 religious and philanthropic work, and touches the 

fe of the district at many points. 

John Joseph Seitz is a son of Joseph and Mary Seitz, 

f Bruce county, Ontario, \«tere he was born near 

/^alkerton, February 2, 1862. He obtained a practical 

lucation in the schools of his birthplace, and as a youth 

f eighteen years formed an association ^with the Great 

forthwestern Telegraph Company in* Toronto that 

fidured until 1896. In this year, foreseeing the possibili- 

es in typewriter distribution, he became a partner in 

le firm of the Creelman Brothers Typewriter Company, 

anadian representatives of the Underwood machine. 

e was connected with the affairs of this company until 

i)03, when he organized the United Typewriter Com- 

my, Limited, of which he became president and general 

anager, taking over the interests of the Creelman 

-fothers Typewriter Company. As Canadian and 

ewfoundland distributing agents of the Underwood 

•pewriter, this company, under Mr. Seitz's direction, 

,is experienced a remarkable growth, there being sixteen 

lanches maintained in this territory and five hundred 

(iployees in the service of the company. They have 

Jiced more Underwood machines in Canada than all 

Cher makes combined, and at the offices in Toronto, 

were a large six-story office building accommodates the 

anpany, a complete Underwood service is extended to 

1 patrons — sales, service, repairing, employment bureau, 

ip other departments. Mr. Seitz has contributed a 

ist interesting chapter to the history of typewriter 

itribution in Canada, and is recognized as the leader 

(his field. He has acquired other business interests, 

Hng organized and become president of A. D. Gorrie 

[Company, Limited, the Newsome & Gilbert Co., 

fciited, the Peerless Carbon Ribbon Company, and 

kers. The above corporations have their head offices 

iToronto, and from this city as a center Mr. Seitz 

acts their operations. 

klr. Seitz is a member of the board of governors 
St. Michael's Hospital and also of the board of 
■ernors of Rosary Hall. He is a communicant of St. 
ill's Roman Catholic Church, and from 1905 to 
7 gave devoted service to the St. Vincent de Paul 
iety of Ontario. He is a member of the Toronto 
ird of Trade, the Ontario Club, the Lake View Golf 
Country Club, and the Eastburne Golf Club, of 
:e Simcoe. 



Mr. Seitz married, in May, 1883, Nora Burke, of 
Belleville, Ontario, and they are the parents of six 
children: 1. Joseph, vice-president of the United Type- 
writer Company, Limited. 2. Helen. 3. Ernest, studied 
music abroad under the Russian teacher, Josef L'hevinne, 
now a concert pianist and composer, and a member of 
the faculty of the Toronto Conservatory of Music. 
4. William, secretary and treasurer of the Peerless 
Carbon Ribbon Company, and served as an officer in 
the Forestry Battalion from London, Ontario, in the 
World War. 5. Lillian. 6. Mildred. 

DUNCAN PIKE — Business, fraternal, social, and 
civic circles of Toronto have known Duncan Pike for 
almost half a century, and, a pioneer in tent making 
in this city, he is one of her veteran men of affairs. He 
is a descendant of an old English family, son of Edward 
and Elizabeth (Parsons) Pike, his father engaged in 
fishing and farming at Harbor Grace, Newfoundland. 

Duncan Pike was born in Harbor Grace, Newfound- 
land, October 15, 1846, and there attended public 
schools. After completing his general education he 
studied navigation, and in 1870 was a member of a party 
exploring Hudson's Bay. In 1872 he was engaged in 
trade between Halifax and the West Indies, continuing 
until 1876, in May of that year coming to Toronto and 
being employed until 1880 as a tent and sail maker. 
On November 1, 1880, Mr. Pike founded an independent 
business at No. 25 Jarvis street, three years later moving 
to the old St. Lawrence Market building. The business 
is now conducted as the D. Pike Company, Ltd., at No. 
123 King street, East, manufacturers of tents, awnings, 
flags and sails, and wholesale and retail dealers in 
these lines. The company also deals in sporting goods, 
guns, ammunition and general camping outfits,^ and its 
patronage comes from all parts of the Dominion. In 
1883 Mr. Pike made his first exhibit at the Canadian 
National Exhibition, at which chiefly hand work was 
shown, and he was awarded the first prize. Since that 
time Mr. Pike has shown his products at this exhibition 
every year, and has given his personal attention to the 
display. The company's store has become headquarters 
for the sportsmen of the city, its business is the largest 
in Toronto in its line, and the Pike trade mark upon 
tents, sails, or sporting equipment of any kind is a 
guarantee of quality and dependability. Mr. Pike gives 
his personal attention to this important interest which 
he has built up through unwearying industry and strict 
adherence to the most honorable business code. Mr. 
Pike is a member of Rising Sun Lodge, No. 1, of Orange- 
men, St. Andrew's Lodge, No. 16, Free and Accepted 
Masons, and Canada Lodge, No. 49, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. He is a member of the Methodist 
church, and holds an honored and respected position in 
the community. 

Mr. Pike married, in Toronto, in 1880, Ellen Sealey, 
and they are the parents of William E., George P., 
Robert S., and May Gordon. 






GEORGE ROSS HARGRAFT, who holds a prom- 
inent position in insurance circles of Toronto, was born 
in Cobourg, Ontario, February 2, 1856, and is the eldest 
son of the late William H. Hargraft, a member of the 
Provincial Parliament from Cobourg, and long a leading 
citizen of that community. 

As a boy Mr. Hargraft attended the schools of his 
native place, and when his education was completed 
came to Toronto and for several years was identified 
with the Bank of Toronto. Thereafter he became 
associated with the Commercial Union Assurance 
Company, Limited, of London, England, and on Jan- 
uary 1, 1900, was appointed general agent of that com- 



106 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



pany for the Toronto district. Later broadening the 
scope of his interests, Mr. Hargraft organized the firm 
of George R. iHargraft & Company, of which he is senior 
member, this concern being Provincial agents for the 
California Insurance Company, of San Francisco. He 
is widely known in the profession, is a member of the 
Toronto Board of Fire Underwriters, and past president 
of that body. 

Mr. Hargraft's chief relaxation is in out-door sports. 
He is a member and past president of the Ontario Curling 
Association, and a member and past president of the 
Granite Curling Club. He is a member of the Ontario 
Lawn Bowling Association, and of the Granite Bowling 
Club, and past president of both these organizations. 
He is past president of the Rosedale Golf Club, and also 
of the Cobourg and Northumberland Old Boys' Assoc- 
ation. He is a member of the Granite Club, the National 
Club, the Royal Canadian Yacht Club and Rosedale 
Golf Club. He is a member of St. Paul's Church (Angli- 
can) and ex-warden of that church. 

In September, 1881, Mr. Hargraft married Rachael 
MacNachtan, only daughter of E. A. MacNachtan, of 
Cobourg, and they are the parents of three sons and one 
daughter: W. M., George N., L. G., all associated in the 
business, and Ella (Hargraft) Mason, died in 1920. They 
reside at No. 62 Glen Road, Rosedale, Toronto, 



FRANK DENTON, K.C.— Through the activity and 
service of Frank Denton, K.C., the name of Denton 
was placed in high position in the legal profession in 
Canada, and in this calling he is followed by three of his 
five children. Since 1920 his place has been vacant, 
but there remains strong the memory of an able lawyer 
and a high-minded citizen, of whom it was written: 

In the unexpected death of Prank Denton. K.C., the Bar of the 
Province of Ontario lia.s lost not only a .strong legal advocate and a 
coascientioas lawjer, but a man of high principle and character, who 
had deservedly attained the high posit ion that he occupied in the con- 
fidence of his clients, of the public and of the judieiarj-. He vras a 
loyal friend and a fair antagonist both in law and in polities. 

The family of Denton is of English origin, founded in 
Canada in 1850. Frank Denton, K.C., was born in 
Richmond Hill, Ontario, August 18, 1858, and was 
educated in the Richmond Hill High School, CoUingwood 
Collegiate Institute, Toronto Normal School, and 
Trinity University, receiving the degrees of B.C.L. 
in 1887 and D.C.L. in 1893. He was called to the bar 
in 1886, and practiced his profession with eminent success 
in Toronto, being at his death senior partner of the 
firm of Denton, Macdonald & Field. In 1899 he was 
created King's Counsel, and for some time he served 
on the executive board of the Ontario Bar Association. 
Mr. Denton accepted numerous public responsibilities 
for which his professional talents specially qualified him, 
and in 1890 he was one of a committee of three appointed 
by the Toronto City Council to visit the leading Ameri- 
can cities to study the street railway problem from a 
municipal standpoint and to submit a report embodying 
the information thus secured. He was an author of 
various articles on legal topics in professional and general 
magazines, and although he was frequently urged to 
accept nomination for high provincial office steadfastly 
held to his preferences for private life. Mr. Denton 
was long interested in educational matters, having 
taught as a young man in the Orangeville Model School 
and as first English master in Cobourg Collegiate Insti- 
tute, and was for several years chairman of the boards 
of trustees of collegiate institutes of Toronto. He was 
a Methodist in religious belief, an active member of the 
Central Conference, while his fraternal afl[iIiations were 
with the Masonic ordei . He was a staunch Liberal, and 
at the time of his death was vice-president of the York 



County Liberal Association. His club was the Rosedale 
Golf. Mr. Denton was described by an associate as 
"a man of integrity, geniality, and generosity," and 
"apart from his virtue as a lawyer he was admirable as 
the head of a large family, to whom he was devoted." 
"He was held in high esteem by brother lawyers and 
judges alike." 

Mr. Denton married, in 1884, Elizabeth Clingan, 
daughter of Fleming Clingan, J. P., of Orangeville, 
Ontario. Their children are: 1. .loy, now Mrs. Gordon 
H. Kennedy; she studied vocal art in Munich, Paris, and 
New York, and for the past few years has been an 
instructor in the Toronto Conservatory of Music, from 
which she holds the degree of L.T.C.M.; she is a singer 
of note, and has done considerable concert work in 
addition to her teaching. 2. Lily, a graduate of Havergal 
Ladies' College and Victoria College, receiving the degree 
of A.B.; she accompanied her sister, Laura Denton, 
to Europe, studying in Munich, Germany, and at the 
Sorbonne, Paris; during the World War, she became 
a military nurse and died in active service in 1918; 
she was the wife of Norman A. Keyes, M.C., barrister. 
ii. Laura, who was called to the bar in 1920, now engaged 
in active practice in the firm of Denton, Macdonald & 
Denton; she was the first president of the Women's 
Bar Association of Ontario, and has been president of the 
Victoria College Alumni. 4. Frank, born in Toronto, 
September 24, 1896; after attending the Model School, 
he studied in St. Andrew's College, completing his 
education in the university schools and Osgood Hall 
Law School; he was called to the bar in September, 1919, 
and is a member of the law firm of Denton, Macdonald 
& Denton. 5. George C, a graduate of Victoria College, 
B.A., class of 1919; called to the bar in June, 1922. 
6. Rosamond, a graduate of Havergal Ladies' College 
and Victoria College, B.A.; she has also studied ir 
Germany and France; she was married, in May, 1922, 
to Claude A. McMurtry, of Toronto. 

Frank Denton, K.C. died June 24, 1920. His deatl 
was a distinct loss to the city of Toronto, the passing 
of a lawyer who realized in his professional relations, a; 
in every other sphere of life, the highest ideals. 

FRANK FOSTER TELFER— For almost half i 
century the name of Telfer has occupied noteworth; 
place in the commercial life of the Dominion, and th< 
passing of years has witnessed its rise to a position o 
commanding importance in the field in which it has bee 
best known, the baking of biscuits. The Telfer Biscui 
Company, Ltd., of which Frank Foster Telfer is pres 
dent, transacting a large domestic and export businesi 
is a development of the small enterprise founded i 
CoUingwood by his father. Hall Telfer. Frank I 
Telfer was prominent in community life in Collingwoo 
while that town was the center of his business interest 
and in Toronto has continued in public-spirited tout j 
with civic matters. 

Hall Telfer was born in the Highlands of Scotlani 
in Sutherlandshire, in 1822, and in young manhood can 
to Canada, locating in Toronto and establishing 
carriage-making business. Subsequently he moved ' 
CoUingwood, where he started a general baking and gr 
eery business, which he operated successfully, associate 
with his sons, F.F. and H.Y. Telfer. In 1876 he retin 
from the active prosecution of business affairs, and w 
succeeded by his sons, under the firm name of Tell 
Brothers Company. He married Mary Foster Your 
born in Yorkshire, England, in 1832. He died in 19( 
predeceasing his wife by sixteen years. 

Frank Foster Telfer was born in Summerville, W 
Toronto, March 28, 1853. Hi.s public school educati 
included a high school course, and at the completi 




•7 



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H. 



In. 



1884, Elizab 




4.^.1 




BIOGRAPHICAL 



107 



lis studies he entered his father's business, growing 
lanhood in intimate touch with all of its departments, 
interests broadened and he was at one time president 
rwo other Collingwood companies, also conducting 
rge wholesale grocery enterprise and operating a flour 
and general store at Clarksburg, Ontario, and a 
len mill in the same place. He was directoi, secre- 
' and treasurer of the Collingwood Packing Company 
many years, and also had important steamship 
rests. AH of these connections have been discontin- 
and Mr. Telfer has devoted his time and efforts to 
biscuit business conducted in the family name, 
he biscuit manufacturing business of Telfer Brothers, 
., developed to a place where a more central distribu- 
point was essential, and in 1914 a new plant, known 
the "Daylight Factory," was erected in Toronto, 
his was installed the most modern machinery obtain- 
! in England and America, and by progressive meth- 
along the soundest lines of conservative commercial 
lings a great business institution has been built 
ranking with the best in its field on the American 
tinent. The company has a branch warehouse in 
city of Montreal, distributors in every important 
;er in Canada, and a growing export trade of gratify- 
dimensions. 

he Telfer Biscuit Company, Ltd., was incorporated 
er the Dominion charter dated January 26, 1920, with 
lorized capital of $500,000 and for the first time its 
k was placed upon the market, the company, up to 
: time, having been a close corporation. Unprecedent- 
^owth brought about development along this line 
the reception tendered an offer of the company's 
k by the investing public was at once a tribute to 
management and to the reputation of the Telfer 
lucts in the Dom.inion. 

he company has created a number of distinctive 
pties, the names of which have been copyrighted, and 
[designs registered, and the demands for these lines 
, in the past, exceeded the capacity of the plant. 
' present factory has a floor space of seventy-two 
iisand square feet, which has increased by half in the 
ition now under construction. The company takes 
I pride in the fact that it supplied the Royal train 
(His Royal Highness, the Prince of Wales, during his 
Jit visit to Canada, and afterwards was honored by 
iving a Royal Warrant of appointment as biscuit 
iufacturer to His Royal Highness. The organization 
■e board of directors of the Telfer Biscuit Company, 
», is as follows: F. F. Telfer, president, Toronto, 
Wio; H. Y. Telfer, vice-president, Toronto, Ontario; 
A. Telfer, managing director, Toronto, Ontario; 
'). Telfer, pui chasing agent, Toronto, Ontario; and 
.. Telfer, Winnipeg, Manitoba. 

lank F. Telfer was a member of the Town Council, 

chairman of its finance committee for several years, 

mayor of Collingwood in 1891, 1892, and 1893, and 

rwenty years was president of the Nortli Simcoe 

)iervative Association, resigning at the last election. 

i' a member of the Victoria Club of Toronto, and the 

iriton Golf Club, and is a familiar figure on the links 

te latter organization, where he enjoys his favorite 

0. He fraternizes with lodge and chapter of the 

Older, being a life member of the former, and is 

aiiicant of the Methodist church. 

i. Telfer married, at St. Catharines, Ontario, 

;tber 4^ 1876, Mary May Baker, daughter of William 

"? Eleanor Baker, her parents both natives of 

Mr. and Mrs. Telfer are the parents of: 

lurtley, born July 26, 1877, a resident of Winni- 

' re he represents the Telfer interests; and a 

r, Mrs. Mary Rosamond Wylie, widow of the late 

arjan A. Wylie, who resides in Toronto. 



ALBERT JAMES RALSTON— In the insurance 
world of the Dominion of Canada the name of Albert 
J. Ralston is widely known, both through his lifelong 
association with this branch of economics, and through 
his present position as president and managing director 
of the National Life Assurance Company of Canada. 
Mr. Ralston is a son of Robert and Sarah (Springer) 
Ralston, of Hamilton, his father for many years a 
prominent financial broker of that city. 

Mr. Ralston was born in Hamilton, Ontario, October 
12, 1864. He received his early education in the public 
schools of his native city, completing his studies at 
Rockwood Academy, at Guelph, Ontario. His early 
career was spent with his brother, Joseph S. Ralston, in 
the insurance business in Hamilton, then in 1903 he 
came to Toronto to accept the office of manager of the 
National Life Assurance Company of Canada. Shortly 
afterward Mr. Ralston was made general manager of the 
concern, then was elected a member of the board, be- 
coming managing director. Seven years thereafter he 
succeeded the late Hon. J. J. Foy as vice-president, then 
in 1920, at the death of Elias Rogers, was elected presi- 
dent of the concern. This company is one of the oldest 
and most highly esteemed in the Dominion. In various 
civic interests, Mr. Ralston keeps in touch with the prog- 
ress of the day, but his time is largely absorbed by his 
business responsibilities. He is a member of the National 
Club, Albany Club, Toronto Hunt Club, Royal Canadian 
Yacht Club, all of Toronto. 

Mr. Ralston married Jessamine G. Allan, of Toronto, 
daughter of the late P. C. Allan. They are the parents of 
four children: Muriel Gordon, Douglas Allan, Lieuten- 
ant Gordon Springer, and Lillias Jessamine. 

Gordon Springer Ralston was a student at the Uni- 
versity of Toronto when war was precipitated in Europe. 
Enlisting at once in the Imperial Army of England, he 
served for three years and a half, rising to the rank of 
lieutenant. Twice wounded in France, he leentered the 
service, after both convalescences, as soon as he was 
fit, receiving his honorable discharge from the service 
with the above rank. 



EDMUND SCHEUER— A public-spirited citizen the 
oldest established wholesale diamond importer in 
Canada, Edmund Scheuer has been for thirty-six years 
at the head of an important jewelry house of Canada. 
He has for fifty years been broadly active in general 
welfare work, and in the religious and educational 
field among the Jewish people of Canada. Mr. Scheuer 
is a son of Isaac and Johanna Scheuer, both now de- 
ceased. The father spent the greater part of his active 
lifetime in mercantile pursuits, and after his retirement 
from business resided in Groningen, Holland, where he 
died at the age of eighty. 

Edmund Scheuer was born in Berncastel, on the 
Moselle, October 30, 1847. He was educated in the 
public and high schools of that community, and the 
Ecole Superieure, in Metz, Lorraine. In 1865, when in 
his eighteenth year. Mi. Scheuer went to Paiis, France, 
to become connected with the commission house of 
Bernard S. Merzbach, with whom he remained for four 
years. At the end of that time he established a commis- 
sion house under his own name, locating at No. 5 Rue 
Oberkampf, Paris. He was working up a good connec- 
tion in 1870 when the outbreak of the FVan co-Prussian 
War stopped all export trade from Paris. Mr. Scheuer 
closed his business in that city. At the request of Levy 
Brothers, of Hamilton, Ontario, a then well known 
wholesale jewelry firm whose purchasing agent he was 
in Paris, and whose senior paitner was his brother-in-law, 
he came to Hamilton in July, 1871, and entered into 
partnership with the Levj' Brothers, the firm name 



108 



I 

THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



becoming Levy Brothers & Scheuer. This partnership 
was dissolved in May, 1886, when Mr. Scheuer came to 
Toronto and founded the present business. The Hamil- 
ton business was continued by his former partners as 
the Levy Brothers Company, Ltd , and is still in 
existence under the management of his nephews, and is 
one of the largest and most successful wholesale jewelry 
concerns in the Dominion. 

In Toronto, Mr. Scheuer established his business at 
No. 11 Wellington street. West, under his own name, 
handling an exclusively wholesale trade. Ten years 
later he removed to handsome quarters at Nos. 88 and 90 
Yonge street, at the same time adding to his interest a 
very complete and comprehensive retail branch. The 
business has been successful, and he is still active in its 
management, although capable assistants relieve him of 
much of the routine work. Mr. Scheuer has been a 
member of the Toronto Board of Trade since 1886. 

From the time of his coming to Canada Mr. Scheuer 
has been widely alert to every advance in the progress 
of the jewelry trade, and the progress of the country. 
He has seen Toronto grow from 65,000 inhabitants 
to its present population, and Canada from less than 
three to nine millions. He organized the first Jewish 
Sabbath school in Ontario in 1872, and has been closely 
identified with this work until the present time, a period 
of nearly half a century. He joined the Holy Blossom 
Congregation, in 1886, and was instrumental in the 
building of the Bond Street Synagogue. He is vice- 
president of the congregation, which has now a member- 
ship of three hundred. 

In 1891 he founded the first Jewish Benevolent 
Society in the city. He was for the first three years of its 
existence president of the Federation of the Jewish 
Philanthropies of Toronto, an organization which dis- 
tributed last year $55,000. among the Jewish poor of 
the city. He is still a member of its executive board, and 
also a member of the Central Council of the Federation 
for Community Service of Toronto. He is piesident of 
the Toronto Branch of the Anglo-Jewish Association 
of London, England, an organization that has branch 
offices all over the British Empire. He is an esteemed 
member of the Canadian Club. 

Mr. Scheuer married, July 2, 1873, at Forbach, 
Lorraine, Oda Strauss, who died November 16, 1913. 

GEORGE BELL, K.C.— A member of the legal 
fraternity of Toronto since 1881, practicing in firm 
associations and independently. Mi. Bell has for many 
years been numbered among the conspicuously successful 
and able lawyers of the Province. His professional 
record stands without a blemish, and by the bench, bar, 
and public he is held in esteem for a career of valued 
service. 

George Bell, son of Rev. George Bell, LL.D., a minister 
of the Presbyterian church, and Ellen (Chadwick) 
Bell, was born in Niagaia Falls, Ontario, December 
13, 1857. After preparatory study he entered Queen's 
University at Kingston, and was graduated with the 
degree of B.A. in 1878. He was called to the bar, with 
honors, in 1881, and throughout his legal career has 
successfully practiced in Toronto, from 1886 to 1903 
as a member of the firm of Thomson, Henderson & 
Bell. Since the latter date he has practiced independent- 
ly, and in 1908 was created a King's Counsel. "Mr. Bell 
holds high place in the legal profession, and has been 
retained in much important litigation in the Dominion. 
He is a Conservative in political faith, and is a member 
of St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, King street. His 
clubs are the Albany, Royal Canadian Yacht, Toronto, 
Toronto Golf and York, and in 1898 he was commodore 
of the Muskoka Lakes Association. 



Mr. Bell married, September 9, 1885, Marion E 
Sproat, daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Alexande 
Sproat, a Conservative member of the first Dominioi 
Parliament in 1867 for North Bruce. Mr. and Mrs. Bel 
are the parents of three children: 1. Florence Eliz; 
Helen, mairied Charles M. Clover, of Pentre Bychan Hall 
near Wrexham, North Wales, and they are the parents o 
four children. 2. Captain Whiteford George, went over 
seas as assistant adjutant of the Ninety-second Highland 
ers in 1916, transferred to the Royal Flying Corpt 
and went to France in 1917; he married, whil 
overseas, Helen Beck, daughter of the late D 
G. S. Beck, of Port Arthur, who had served during tl 
war as a V. A. D. Captain Bell is now president ( 
Armour, Bell, Boswell & Cronyn, Limited, insuranc 
brokers. No. 27 Wellington street. East. 3. Amy M 
unmarried, died December 23, 1921. 



HENRY WILLIAM PETRIE— Of Scotch parental 
and United States birth, Henry William Petrie came 
Canada a child in arms, and has throughout his acti' 
years been engaged in one line of business in Ontari 
His operations under the title of H. W. Petrie, Ltd., ha 
been as a broker and jobber in new and used machiner 
and in this field, in which the reputation of the dealii 
firm is such a determining factor, he has built up 
business second to none in Canada. 

Mr. Petrie is a son of Alexander and Ann (Lain 
Petrie, who were married at Montrose, Scotlan 
December 13, 1852. Alexander Petrie was a stare 
maker at Montrose and brought his family to Boi 
Head, Ontario, (now New Castle), where he continu 
in the line he had followed in his native Scotlar 
Both parents are deceased. 

Henry William Petrie was born in Andover, Mass 
chusetts, March 26, 1854, and when young was broug 
by his parents to Brantford, Ontario, obtaining his ec 
cation in the schools of Brantford and New Castle. 
1871, a young man new in business, he founded t 
enterprise of which he is now the head, operating 
Brantford until 1890, when he came to Toronto, 
the buying and selling of new and second-hand maoh 
ery, Mr. Petrie has built up a large and lucrative busiii 
which, from modest dimensions at its founding, I 
grown to an enormous size. It was incorporated Octoi 
25, 1907, as H. W. Petrie, Ltd., and its line inclu^ 
highgrade tools of all sizes, wood-working machine 
engines, boilers, pumps, motors, air compressors, ; 
miners' and contractors' machinery. The company 
a large warehouse with .railroad switching facili' 
at the foot of Bathurst street, and its operations exti 
throughout the Dominion. Mr. Petrie has for thi 
years been a member of the Board of Trade, and h 
also a member of the Canadian Manufacturers' Asso 
tion, and the Empire Club. 

While his pressing affairs have occupied him larg 
Mr. Petrie has had time and inclination for civic respo 
bilities and for philanthropic work. He is an especi 
devoted friend of public hospitals, a member of 
board of trustees of the Toronto Children's Hospi 
and has been most generous in his support of the Br: ■ 
ford General Hospital; is a trustee of the Hospital ' 
Sick Children of Toronto, and a member of the bo;r 
executives of that institution. He has endowed a ( 
perpetuity in the hospital, also a cot in perpetuity in 
Lakeside Home. He is Independent in poll 1 
faith, member of the Presbyterian church, and a '■ 
member of the Grenfell Labrador Medical Mission. 

Mr. Petrie manied, at Tilsonburg, Ontario, in I 
Matilda McMaster, of that place, and they an 
parents of seven daughters and one son, the h 
Harry, secretary and treasurer of H. W. Petrie, Ltd. 




/V'/^-fi^^ 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



109 



4DREW TRAVERS THOM— In one of the most 
;ical industries of the day Mr. Thorn, of Toronto, 
tive in his capacity of managing director of the 
rio Wind Engine and Pump Company, Ltd., 
ifacturers of farm specialties and agricultural 
sments. Mr. Thorn is a son of David and Ruth 
ty) Thom, residents for many years of Watford, 
rio, both now deceased. The elder Mr. Thom 
! from Scotland in 1870, and located at Paris, 
.rio, later removing to Watford, where he settled 
lanently, and where he was engaged throughout his 
e career in the manufacture of agricultural imple- 
3. The mother was of Canadian birth, 
idrew T. Thom was born in Watford, Ontario, 
ary 7, 1883. His education included courses at the 
ic and high schools of his native place. After 
dieting his studies he became associated with his 
!r in the implement plant, becoming familiar with 
business and deeply interested in its possibilities, 
inuing ft-ith his father until 1905, Mr. Thom then 
> to Toronto, and became identified with the present 
as junior clerk. Rising from this position to another 
another, each of greater responsibility, Mr, Thom 
appointed managing director of the concern in the 

1915, and still holds that position, 
r. Thom is a member of the Canadian Manufactur- 
Association and of the Toronto Board of Trade, 
politically is a Conservative. Fraternally, he holds 
ibership in Parkdale Lodge, Ancient Free and Accep- 
Masons, and all the Scottish Rite bodies, and he is 
;mber of the Ontario Club and the Humber Valley 
Club. He is a member of the Parkdale Presbyterian 
rch. 

October, 1907, in Watford, Ontario, Mr. Thom 
ied Margaretta Micks, of Watford, and they reside 
[o. 102 Tyndall avenue. 

JHN T. HORNIBROOK— Fifty-four years in the 
ce of a seventy-five year old Toronto institution, 
Brown Brothers, Limited, is the remarkable business 
rd of John T. Hornibrook, director and secretary- 
surer of that corporation. Toronto has no business 
tution which she can point to with greater pride than 
iiis organization, and it is through the single-minded 
Ition of its oflBcials and personnel that this old 
iern has come to represent all that is best and 
(t in the city's commercial life. In the rearing of a 
nerous and substantial business structure, in the 
lion of traditions which govern the policy of the 
»any, Mr. Hornibrook has played a distinctive 
r Fraternal, social and religious associations com- 
:■ his identification with the city to which he came in 
ihood. 

)in T. Hornibrook was born in County Cork, 
:;id, June 14, 1849, and when two years of age was 
};ht to Toronto by his parents, here attending public 
dmodel schools and the British-American Business 
ilge. As a young man of eighteen years, on March 
, 867, he entered the employ of the firm of Brown 
tiers in the capacity of accountant. When the 
It any was incorporated under its present title. The 
On Brothers, Limited, Mr. Hornibrook became a 
■ftor and secretary-treasurer of the corporation, 
wying these offices to the present time. The lifetime 

1^ spent in this association is a noteworthy record, 
itlhe permanence and stability of this old Toronto 
itution have their source in just such connections 

Is. 

N . Hornibrook is a member of the Board of Trade, 
diis clubs are the Granite, in which he holds a life 
sroership, and the Lake Shore Country. He is past 
eslent of the Canadian Militia Veterans' Association, 



past president of the Veterans of 1866 Association, and 
is a Liberal in politics. He is one of the most prominent 
Odd Fellows of the Dominion, and is president of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows Hall Association, 
Limited, of Toronto; president of the Ontario Odd 
Fellows Home; past grand master of the Grand Lodge 
of Ontario; past grand patriarch of the Grand Encamp- 
ment of Ontario, and past grand representative to the 
-Sovereign Grand Lodge. In religious faith he is a 
Methodist. 

Mr. Hornibrook married, February 16, 1870, at 
Toronto, Lizzie Burns, sister of the late Rev. Alexander 
Burns, D.D., LL.D., of this city. Mrs. Hornibrook 
died December 21, 1905. They were the parents of eight 
children: 1. Mabel Lida. 2. John Seymour, who is in 
the government service, customs department, at Regina. 
3. Thomas Alexander, engaged in the insurance and 
real estate basiness at Calgary. 4. Ralph Burns, associa- 
ted with the W. B. Hamilton Shoe Company. 5. Lizzie 
Vera. 6. Richard Clarence, a member of the inspector's 
department of the postal service at Toronto. 7. Charles 
Edward, born April 25, 1888; was educated in the 
Wellesley public schools and Harbord Collegiate Insti- 
tute, and upon the completion of his education entered 
the organization of Brown Brothers, Limited, as city 
salesman; he enlisted in the Canadian Army in February, 
1916, shortly afterward being assigned to the Twenty- 
second Battery, Canadian Field Artillery, and being 
ordered to France with his battery, which was attached 
to the Sixth Brigade; he was killed in action near Amiens, 
August 7, 1918, and is buried in the Adelaide British 
Cemetery at Villiers, Brettoneaux, France. 8. Val, born 
February 14, 1894; was educated in Wellesley public 
schools, Harbord Collegiate Institute and University 
Schools; in July, 1915, he went overseas, serving with the 
Canadian Red Cross; he was injured at Folkestone, 
England, and was invalided home in 1916; he died 
April 14, 1919, from the result of an operation. 

HENRY JAMES WRIGHT, K.C.— Distinguished 
as a Canadian barrister, and long interested in a com- 
prehensive way in all Canadian advance, Henry James 
Wright, K.C., of Toronto, is a familiar figure in pro- 
fessional circles in Ontario. Mr. Wright is of old English 
descent, his grandfather having been one of the York 
pioneers who settled beside the St. Lawrence river in 
1830 or thereabouts, becoming identified with the 
history of what is now the city of Toronto. George 
Wright, the first of the family born in Canada, and Mr. 
Wright's father, was for very many years a resident 
of Toronto, and active as a building contractor. He died 
in 1921, but the work of his hands is an enduiing part 
of the "Queen City" of Ontario. He married Margaret 
Shepherd. 

Henry James Wright, son of George and Margaret 
(Shepherd) Wright, was born in Toronto, February 17, 
1863, and received his early education at the Jarvis 
Street Collegiate Institute. Entering the University 
of Toronto, he was graduated from that institution in 
the class of 1882, taking the gold medal in modern 
languages, and receiving the degree of Bachelor of Arts. 
Spending the next five years in legal study, Mr. Wright 
was called to the bar in 1887, and immediately became 
associated with the affiliated firms which for four years 
previously had done business under the names of Moss, 
Falconbridge & Barwick, and Moss, Hoyles & Ayles- 
worth. With the re-organization of these professional 
interests, the firm became Aylesworth, Wright, Moss & 
"Thompson, continuing thus until February 10, 1920, 
when the present firm was organized, under the name 
of Aylesworth, Wright, Thompson & Lawr. They 
are conducting an extensive general practice, handling 



110 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



also much work along the lines of corporation law, bank 
and estate litigation, etc. As a member of this noted 
firm through the various changes covering a period 
of thirty-five years, Mr. Wright is one of the foremost 
men of the legal profession in Toronto today. He was 
created King's Counsel in 1921. 

A prominent member of the York County Law Assoc- 
iation, Mr. Wright is also a member of the Ontario and 
Canadian Bar associations. In connection with his 
professional activities, he is identified as a director with 
several industrial concerns. His social connections 
include membership in the Ontario, Toronto and York 
clubs, the Toronto Hunt Club, and the Rosedale Golf 
Club. Politically, he endorses the principles of the 
Liberal party, and he is a member of St. Paul's Anglican 
Church. 

Mr. Wright married, in Toronto, in 1891, Annie 
Dennis Johnson, daughter of the late Thomas B. John- 
son, and they have one daughter, Dorothy, now the 
wife of Wilfred Davies, of Toronto. "The Wright residence 
is at No. 35 Chestnut Park. 



PATRICK BURNS— In 1856, a Torontonian of two 
years' residence, Patrick Burns entered the field of work 
that occupied him for the remainder of his life and 
founded the organization that still bears his name, P. 
Burns & Company, Ltd., one of the leading fuel-distribu- 
ting companies of the Province. Since 1915 he has been 
absent from the places that knew him and the associa- 
tions that he brightened with a courageous optimism 
and whole-hearted geniality, but his work is continued 
under the direction of his sons. Patrick Burns was an 
indefatigable worker until his death, finding in his 
business, his home, and his reading the major interests 
of his life. 

Mr. Burns was born in County Fermanagh, Ireland, 
in 1837, and there attended school, coming to Toronto 
in 1854 as a youth of seventeen years. Two years later 
he entered coal and wood dealings, with a location at 
Queen's Wharf, at the foot of Bathurst street, being a 
pioneer fuel merchant of the city and at one time con- 
ducting the largest wood business in Toronto. He 
applied himself closely to the upbuilding of a prosperous 
business, and in the early stages of his enterprise, as 
indeed when success had come to him in generous 
measure, he was unsparing in the demands upon his 
physical endurance. With the growth of his fuel interests, 
new yards were opened until five were operated, the first 
at the above location, the second at the foot of Princess 
street, the third at Logan avenue and the Grand Trunk 
railway crossing, the fourth at Huron and Dupont streets, 
and the fifth at Morrow avenue. Wholesale and retail 
coal dealings became the line of activity followed, and 
incorporation was made in 1912 as P. Burns & Company, 
Ltd., of which Mr. Burns was the president at the time 
of his death. Francis Patrick Burns, his son, is the 
present chief executive of the company, which employs 
on an average of one hundred and thirty persons, teams 
and trucks handling the delivery business, all of the 
equipment of the most modern type. 

Mr. Burns was a Conservative in political belief and a 
strong supporter of the party. His church was St. 
Mary's Roman Catholic, to which he was a liberal 
contributor, and he was a life member of the Royal 
Canadian Yacht Club, the Albany Club, and the Toronto 
Rowing Club. By his associates Mr. Burns is affection- 
ately remembered for warm-hearted impulsiveness 
and a kindly spirit which was his unfailing attitude 
toward everyone. His smile was ready, his handclasp 
hearty, and to meet him in the course of the day's work 
was to receive an impression of wholesomeness and 
sincerity that lingered long after the contact. 



Mr. Burns married Jane Walsh, daughter of Patrii 
Walsh, a carpenter and contractor, who came to Toron 
from his Ireland home, later returning to Ireland, whe 
he married, then coming again to Toronto, the birt 
place of all of his children. Mr. and Mrs. Burns were tl 
parents of the following children: 1. Sarah Mar 
married Christian Kloepfer, deceased. 2. Anna Josep 
ine, married R. A. Ryan, deceased. 3. Francis Patric 
educated in Toronto Model School and Upper Cana( 
College, always associated with his father in businet 
He was vice-president of P. Burns & Company, Lt( 
until the death of his father, and upon returning frc 
military service, assumed the presidency. In 1916 
enlisted in the 180th Battalion (Sportmen's Battalio' 
served two years overseas and won captain's rai 
4. John Joseph, vice-president of P. Burns & Compa) 
Ltd. 5. Edward A., secretary and treasurer of P. Buj 
& Company, Ltd. 6. Susan Joachim, now a sister 
Loretto Convent. 7. Marie Louise Frances, also a sis 
at Loretto Convent. 8. Louis Patrick, a contractor 



HUGH ERASER MACKINTOSH was bom 

Hamilton, May 11, 1862, the second son of Dat 
and Elizabeth (Fraser-Barron) Mackintosh. Aftei 
few years residence in Brantford, he removed with 
parents to Guelph, where his youth was spent and wh 
he received his education in the public and gramr 
schools. In 1878 he came to Toronto where, with the exc 
tion of two years spent in New York, he has ever si 
resided. In 1890 he married (first) Maria Joseph 
Hazelton, daughter of James Hazelton, a well-kno 
Guelph merchant; she died in 1893. In 1898 he man 
(second) Nelly Hairis, daughter of Benjamin Gri 
Harris, president of the Mutual Life Insurance C( 
pany, of Baltimore, Maryland; she died in 1916. 
has one son, who served in the Canadian forces 
France, and two daughters. 

Although engaged in commercial pursuits. 
Mackintosh has through life been devoted to literat 
taking special interest in historical studies. Entei 
the Catholic church in 1883, he became one of 
founders and first editors of the "Catholic We( 
Review," a contributor to the "Irish Canadian," anc 
the past twelve years has been associate editoi 
the "Catholic Record," of London. He has also 
tributed to the "Century Magazine," "Walsh's M 
zine," the "Records of the American-Catholic Histo: 
Society," of Philadelphia, and other periodicals. 
1888 he published a short story on the "Life of Fa 
Louis de Lavagna," a Capuchin friar, who reside 
Toronto, 1856-7. He is also the author of the chaj < 
devoted to Bishops Macdonell and Power in the vol 
published as a memorial of the Golden Jubilee o( 
Diocese of Toronto, and of "The Catholic Truth So> 
Its History and Objects" (1919), with which s 
he has been actively connected since its fouti 
in 1889. For two years he was a trustee of the T^ 
Separate Schools. He is a member of the York Pi 
and Historical Society and of the Niagara Histt * 
Society. 

JOHN KAY MACDONALD— Upon a foundati < 

expert insurance knowledge and administrative 1 1 
John Kay Macdonald, president of the Confeder ( 
Life Association, has built a career in practical a i 
whose value is far-reaching throughout the Domi < 
Upon a foundation of sincere religious conviction: * 
broad humanitaiian sympathies he has at the same • 
reared a superstructure of service notable for the ' 
tion and constancy with which he has performe * 
many arduous duties connected therewith. Thes " 
the two phases of his life work by which his fellows * 



i 



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Uibu' 



ikcui Society and of Uv 



JOHN KAY MACDONALl 

expert insurance knowledge siii.j 
John Kay Macdonald, president 



^ice notable v 

h he has pti 

cd thercwioh. 

by which hi* t) 




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has given 

!i«<» of the 




over by 



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•2<H<_<i_, 




\ 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



him best, as the successful man of affairs and as the 
active churchman and philanthropist, and through these 
mediums he has come into possession of universal reeard 
and esteem. The history of Toronto has proud place 
for his life record as written to his eiRhty-fifth year 
I ^fn ^1^ Macdonald was born in Edingurgh S^t- 
land October 12, 1837, youngest son of Donald M^c- 
^m'*'^' ^"?i'^^.°f Caithness: Scotland, and Elizabeth 
(MacKay) Macdonald, also from the North He was 

r'^Llr" ?''"'»^1'." 1845, and spent his boyhood on 
lis father s farm, being educated in the public school 
iVeston High School, and Knox College, spending one 
ession at the last-named and also taking courses in thi 
Jmyersity of Toronto. He had intended to ente? the 
christian ministry, but circumstances brought about 
.is en ranee into business, and in 1863 he beclme ass"s- 
^nrch faY^' V ^ ^^^ '^°""*^'^^ °f York and Peel, it 
r.v^ }a\1-' -^ ^^,^ appointed treasurer, continuing 
hold this position during the union of the counties and 
ubsequently or York County being appointed just"ce 
f the peace in 1867. Mr. Macdonald organizidthi 
on ederation Life Association in 1871, and soon after- 
ard a threatened breakdown caused him to resign 
e actual management. In 1874, at the request of his 
Uow-directors he resumed the management and 
TOained in active charge of the increasingly expanding 

riaZlf -h" '=°'"-P=^?y ""*" 1914, havilg been elect- 

to the presidency in January, 1912. In the insurance 

isiness he is an acknowledged leader, his half-century 

c^H -!f participation in insurance dealings and his 

^^IuA° 5°nti""oply successful administration un- 

>ralled in this special field. He has been several tirnes 

mored by election to the presidency of the Canadian 

fe Insurance Officers' Association, and is a feUow o" 

e (.anadian Insurance Institute. Sir Olivei Mowit 

;scnbed Mr. Macdonald as "a man of exempla^ life 

high trust and long experience and, at the same" time' 

™f ked ability in his profession." TherT is no 

tanch of the insurance business, from broadest principle 

minutest detail with which he is not accurately 

1 miliar, and this thorough grasp and knowledge have 

translated into terms of prosperity to the stock- 

> and cei tain protection to the policy-holders of 

sociation. 

Macdonald's connection with religious and social 
" ^"""^ began in young manhood. His name stands 
'■ of the founders of the Toronto Young Men's 
v.i.uan Association, of which he was for several years 
ve-president and an active worker. From 1866 to 
vLr^^ f ^'^^^^°y ''"'* honorary secretary of the 
bnfelE.toH''-^ Religious Book and Tract Sodety! 
Dng elected in the latter year to the oresidencv /n 
oice he still fills (1922). For thirty-flve'^yeare he was 

d "c?o 'Ir'^ ^^^ ^PP?'' C^"^'^^ Bible l?cietyL 
a.'ctor, treasurer, and vice-president. Since 1897 he 

ron?o"wP''^f'^^"* ?^ ^^^ Children's Aid Society of 
1 onto; was formeriy president of the Equal Rights 

D^il^lZ' ^'""^ *^?/^.* PJ^^'^^'^* °f the Ontario Sd^ 
L)/ All ance; president of the Ontario Sunday School 

hK^''*i°"; ^ *™^*«^ ^f Q"«en's University; chairman o 
-bboard of governors of St. Andrew's College; a ™ber 
r now chainnan of the board of Knox Col ege; Snce 
dinistrIfro'r,"^«f 1*^"a'=T'"'"/« *^^sed with the 
hdaUhJ^rj! ^^-^ Aged and Infirm Ministers' 
Id of the Presbyterian church. Mr. Macdonald is ako 

^'iCRToZlf ^'^ ^""I'^'fi^ church to trAllian" 
vp^-^tl?^^'' churches holding to the Presbyterian 
mZt o? fhl *"■ "^ ^}l^ Presbyterian church; was 
ridint of th. T"'*!-^ °?. ^^'■'^h ""io"; a"d was 
h sf TnHi, **^^.Gwalior Presbyterian Mission at 

o.^tion with tv'' •*^''^" ^^^V^y *h^ church. His 
oi.ection with this impressive list of religious, philan- 



111 

thropic, and educational institutions has not been 
^f P^^^tTv,'"'''!,? honorary, for to each he h^ gi^n 
ch,?rT u-''u"?*'*u^"'^ '^•"'^''"t '''b°'-- The cause of the 
church, which in his youth he had hoped to make his 
life work, has had in him a most loval and Hplnt.,^ 

Swor'thet';^^" 'T"^ ^-^P'^ andTbundant'orpor' 

linked with thePhf-^"'* ^"""^^"^ t*''** '''■« «" inseparably 
unKea with the Christian ministry. Mr Macdonald i« 

a ZXtn 1I»^?,"*°'« ^«i"^« 'ife and n equa" de^^ 
Vh^^Zf *h^ Cross, for theie has been no time S 
he has not been able to turn fiom the demands of busiml^ 
to insistent needs from a worthy cause bearing t^ 
stamp of Christian identification. In polftical fa"th he 
IS a Conservative, his interest in public^rffars extending 
o?lVrCmeTatd^ri!^^ ^'«--'^- '" ^•^et^porf 
tnt^ p '4,'»«=^onaId married, in December, 1867 Char- 

Charies"" sI^fJ'^P^T"^*'^*/!,"^^^^^ of the late Colone 
mI„J strange Perley, of Bui ford, Ontario Mrs 
Macdonald died in August, 1902. She was prSident of 
w Young Women's Christian Association and liki 

works Thp' '"*'''fJ"'^ '" "" S'^^t number of 'good 
works They were the parents of three sons and one 
daughter: John Periey, who died in 1887fDonald Bruce 
Q<^ •• ^^'i '".^'^ter of St. Andrew's College- CwS 
Strange M.A (University of Toronto) general'manaS 
nVe'n^w^hrdtrfch'^tlt^r^^'-^ -^^ ChaSX 



WALDON LAWR, who as the junior partner of thp 
firm of Aylesworth, Wright, ThorJipson & S holds 
a position of prominence in the legal prof^ion in 
Ontario comes of a family long resident in fhTs PrZ"nce 
«.hn„^/ '■'' *^''\"^ "P his professional studief "3* 
school for several years. Mr. Lawr is a son of Oeor^t ».i 
Margaret (Ross) Lawr. The elder Mr Lawr whlwa^ 
for many years active as a building contractor is ,I^w 
fs deceS'*'''^ ^'■"'" "" ''"^^'"^^ '"' «««t^- The'motheT 

ll^l'^RsrhV.r-'" ^^^^°^^;'Jl ^"2"«' Ontario, January 
ill J 1 ' ^)i^ '" ^''''y childhood his family moved S 
^f tT'^^'\,°"*l"°-, He received his early Education 
alsointhk Prn'-""'' r'^ Collegiate Institute a?Barrie" 
CoUe^P L '''"'^''- Later entering the Ontario Norma 

1903 and thr%t^'''"*f"^*'f^ f"""™ that institutiorfn 
lyud and thereafter, for six years, taught high school 
at Newmarket, Ontario. Coming 'to Toronto in 1909 
Ml Lawr became associated with the present firm ^ 
?f 'l^T'^^^t' then was called to the bar fr^m Osg?odl 
Hall Law School in the year 1914. Mr. Lawr became a 
member of the present firm upon the dea^lTof the^at^ 
s'etrtim^ber^^of th?^l°^ "^^^^ ™ -« --^ tt 

the latter two years. He is a member of the York Stv 
^oZictior'*""' ^"' ^" Independent InToS 
Mr Lawr married, in Toronto, on August 2 IQifi 
tT ^v^'^"*^' »f Newmarket, Ontario ffihey have 
two children; Marion Isabel and Robert Waldon 

Toronto "^ "'"" •' ^* ^°- ^^ 0'"'=h^^d View bolva^di 



l^fr^'erd^wTTr^^^^^^^^^ 

J^^*"' A;r^°."JP^?y' i^td. Prominent in kduS 
circles, Mr Meadows is as well known for his exteS 
and valued religious service and for many y^^hl^ 



JJ2 THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 

Ha wis educated in the public schools of Kingston and WILLIAM WILKINSON— Possessing a broa 

^ ♦ f^ tv.p firm of H Meadows & Company, house •'""r*.„:„7hpbu8in«B^ world, and widely familii 

furSers and'^contraciors, Ottawa, as an apprentice "P^'X^J^io^^^iStjohn William Wilkinson , 

In ?866 He worked as a journeyman with the firm of ^*°„„\";®["^ {""many years been an active force for tl 

Whaler & B^in, of Toronto, and in 1872,. formed a Ifl^^^^'^ltT^^^ZLre. Mr. Wilkinson is a son , 

SSon with the firm of Chown & Cunmngham, of P^o^^^^J/fu^^beth (Hanipson) WUkinson both^ 

^rt7"s his long and useful connection with the Young En^Hf bi^h -^o X^VSor W 'Tt Wo^dh^: 

MeS'fchrSn Association and his Pioneer service in |^"^d ^Vt^^? Valbo?ough Parish Derbyshire, Englan 

ihlt organization began. In the course of that year, he ^^.ne c arii , birthplace, in 1822, of Geor 

V^cme Sa^ of the Kingston branch of the A^ocia- !^ 1^7^ J^^^.'^^^Uinson's father, who was for mai 

^onfnd under his leadership this branch expanded ^'f °"' ^' n the municipal offices at Liverpool, a, 

and ' entered upon its long career of 'isefuness to the yf^j^^gXthe mother, of an old English family nam 

,!i„fW the citv Mr. Meadows' name will always be died m loou, in ^ ^.^^ ^ generatioi 

roda^d^^thlis record of achievenient^o';,^^^ H^Tn inSwfch, Cheshire, England, in 1822, a 

^^^'^•I'a^drvStplydmoVateiS^^^^^^^ died in 1899 ^^ ,„^„ ,„ ^iverpo 

ret& all of his interest in young people throughout "l^^^S ^^I'^^^le experience in the well-n.gh endl 

S .nd cSl dealer.- .applle.. The ■jOW"!' »I«»S ^nd "«."*» »"■ ""'". "if ""TZT 
M, Meadows was a founder and is a member of the « known ^,^y'' no^ owns and operates 

fiSS ha gilt, ol .utattnce and .emce. fSllSS with tJanapottation condition, jene 

M Meadl. mmled, at Kington Ontmo Ma^ .Tta'ffol .Ignificnra In th, p,ogi». ol he c." 

^i.^.''^o''K^'rf£.irufZl paSKSeS-oSfSn'rEt?iaSS.Tfi 

ofeoS;,?.UV.-;pSsSnet Si^SS l^eig <ri;iKX''dS1vf 

?n 1911 aAd is now assistant manager of the George direction oi^^^ ^^^^^ battleship "Eagle, 

|oSfud!Tr^ng^^^ce^\Tu^"tL";Tn Y^e S^p^irCther with sea experience on other ve 




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ily 24, 1895. 



born July <i2, !(>&;>. 
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BIOGRAPHICAL 



118 



[r. Wilkinson has always retained a keen interest in 
ival matters, and few men are better posted in this 
mnection. t>uring the Great World War he wrote 

number of letters (1918) regarding Canada's naval 
sfense, urging upon the government the importance 
: putting forth greater effort, particularly in view of 
le then German sea menace, in order to defend our 
lores, and provide protection for our merchant ships, 
nfortunately, when later the German submarines made 
leir appearance in Canadian wateis they, in the course 
'. numerous attacks, were successful in sinking our 
shing fleet, together with other merchant ships, and 
erp thus destroying at their own fiee will, in the 
jsence of any effort on Canada's part to prevent it. 
hese letters received wide publicatiou and comment in 
le press, not only of the Dominion but of Great Britain 
I well, and were later efficiently printed in pamphlet 
rm and distributed among officials of the Government 
id prominent men of Canada, also among the leading 
gures in the British navy. The phamphlet received 
ren wider notice than the earlier publication of the 
tters, and was extensively quoted during naval 
ibates in the House of Commons. Full records of 
lis discussion appear in the official report of the House 

Commons debates dated May 7 and 26, 1919, (Vol. 
1, Nos. 49 and 62). 

For many years Mr. Wilkinson has been a member of 
e Toronto Board of Trade; he is also a member of the 
.. George's Society, Citizen's Libeity League, Cana- 
an Club, and the Transportation Club of Toronto, 
is more personal interests declare his tastes, and 
elude membership in the Albanj; Club, Victoria Club, 
oyal Canadian Yacht Club, Mississauga Golf Club, 
lid the Ontario Jockey Club. He has always kept in 
luch with religious advance, and affiliates with the 
(iglican church. 

FRANK PULLEN— In the electrical business, which 
i engaging the attention of so many progressive Cana- 
un men, Frank Pullen, of Toronto, is well known as 
tesident of the Swedish General Electric, Limited, Mr. 
liUen comes of English ancestry, and is the first genera- 
tn of the family bom on Canadian soil. He is a son 
SHugh Francis and Ellen Heath (Skinley) Pullen. His 
6her was born in Plymouth, England, and was pay- 
fcster-in-chief in the Royal navy until his death in 
1^3. The mother was born in Budleigh, Salterton, 
Bgland, and is also now deceased. 

Frank Pullen v/as born in Oakville, Ontario, July 
i 1877. He received his education at Trinity College 
Enool, Fort Hope, and since his first business experience 
h? been engaged in electrical work. He was first em- 
P'yed by the Canadian General Electric Company, 
vere he remained for three years, then went to British 
Clumbia, where he was engaged in the electrical business 
ii.ependently, doing business under his own name. After 
Bi en years' experience thus he returned to Ontario and 
b;ame identified with the Dick, Kerr Company for 
t) years. He then became associated with the present 
o;anization, which was established in 1904 by Read & 
B mer. This partnership existed for three years, when, 
*:h Mr. PuUen's coming into the business, it was 
ci.nged to Kilmer & Pullen. In 1910 the name became 
Kmer, Pullen &Buinham, Limited, then, in 1913, the 
fill change was made, the company still bearing the 
nne then assumed, the Swedish General Electric, 
LI. Mr. Pullen is president, and A. McDougal, treas- 
u r. _ The company carries a general line of hydro- 
el;tric equijiment, and ranks among the foremost 
Ci.cems in this field in the Province of Ontario. 

^T. Pullen is a member of the Military Institute, and 
ding the Great World War served for three vears as 



a member of the Canadian Infantry and Engineers 
(1916-19) receiving his honorable discharge with the 
rank of captain. He is a member of the Anglican church. 
Mr. Pullen married, in 1905, Gladys Mary Cummins, 
of Nelson, British Columbia, and their children are: 
Hugh Francis, Gwynneth Mary, Ernest Gambier, 
Nannette Mary, and Thomas Charles. The family 
residence is at Oakville, Ontario. 



CHARLES JOSEPH MUSSON— From the time 
when a youth of twenty-two years, Mr. Musson estab- 
lished in the book business in Toronto he has followed 
this line of work, and as president of The Musson Book 
Company, Ltd., he has wide reputation in this field of 
endeavor. He is a son of Captain Thomas and Elizabeth 
Musson, his father a general merchant and postmaster 
of Islington, Ontario, holding the rank of captain in the 
Tenth York Battalion. 

Charles Joseph Musson was born in Islington, Ontario, 
September 15, 1869, and was educated in the public 
schools of his birthplace, Streetsville High School, and 
Parkdale Collegiate Institute, being elected president 
of his graduating class in the last-named institution. 
In 1891 he entered the retail book business in the Yonge 
Street Arcade in partnership with Fred W. Johnston, 
of Islington, under the firm name of Johnston & Musson. 
This relation was dissolved in the same year, and Mr. 
Musson continued under his own name until 1896, 
when he began operations in the wholesale field, under 
the title, The Musson Book Company, which was 
incorporated in 1901 as The Musson Book Company, 
Ltd. In 1902 a branch of the company was founded in 
London, England, and has since been a prosperous 
department of the business. Hodder & Stoughton 
Ltd., an allied concern, of Canada, of which Mr. Musson 
is vice-president, is located with The Musson Book 
Company, Ltd., at Nos. 263-26S-267 Adelaide street. 
West. 

Mr. Musson is a thirty-second degree Scottish Rite 
Mason, holding membership in Harmony Lodge, Free 
and Accepted Masons. He is also a Workman, and a 
past grand master of the Canadian Older of Odd Fellows. 
He is a member of the Board of Trade, particularly 
active in the publishers' section, and is a life member of 
the Historic Landmarks' Association of Canada. His 
club is the Empire, and he is a communicant of the 
Anglican church. 

Mr. Musson married, in Toronto, July 24, 1895, 
Jennie Bird Williams, daughter of William and Jane 
(Bird) Williams, her father a farmer of Bowmanville, 
Ontario. Mr. and Mrs. Musson are the parents of: 
Ralph Thomas, born January 18, 1898, a lieutenant in 
the Royal Garrison Artillery, served in France in the 
late World War; and Glena Elizabeth, born July 22, 1899. 



CLARK E. DISHER, — In the large field of 
structural iron work in the city of Toronto, and indeed 
throughout the Province of Ontario, the name of Hep- 
burn & Disher, Limited, stands for progress in every 
iDranch of this important activity. Clark E. Disher, 
secretary of this concern, is also its manager, directing 
its policies, and keeping the keen eye of the expert on its 
production departments. 

The family of Mr. Disher has been in Canada for 
many years, his great-grandfather having been bom 
near Queenstown, Ontario. John J. Disher, father of 
Clark E. Disher, was born in Ridgeway, Ontario, in the 
year 1856, and was for many years engaged in business 
as a mechanical engineer, residing in Ridgeway, but is 
now associated with the New York Central railroad. He 
married Nancy Baxter, who died in 1901. 



114 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



Clark E. Disher was born in Ridgeway, Ontario, 
March 21, 1883. He received his early education in the 
public and high schools of his native place. Coming 
to Toronto in 1900, he attended the Central Business 
College, then from 1901 until 1913 he was engaged with 
McGregor & Mclntyre, of Toronto, then one of the lead- 
ing concerns in structural steel. Beginning as a junior 
clerk, he rose in that period of twelve years to the office 
of secretary of the concern. Meanwhifej he devoted his 
spare time to private study in engineering, under com- 
petent instructors, also during his association with that 
concern having charge of their engineering department. 
Upon the incorporation of Hepburn & Disher, Ltd, 
in 1913, one year after the establishment of the concern, 
Mr. Disher was elected secretary, and the management 
of the business was placed in his hands. Under his 
direction the concern has gone forward to marked 
success, and now holds a leading position in their field. 
They are fabricators and erectors of structuial steel, 
and do cutting, punching and riveting in the preparation 
of steel shapes for the erection of modem buildings, 
bridges, etc. They also do miscellaneous iron woik pf 
many kinds, making straps, hangers, rods, etc., used in 
building constiuction. Their operations in the line of 
erection reach into many parts of the Province of 
Ontario, and have thus far included many important 
and interesting contracts. 

In connection with the above, Mr. Disher's principal 
interest, he also owns and operates the Canadian Hard- 
ware Exchange, wholesale dealers in hardware, and is a 
director in the Canadian Combustion Company, and in 
the Spiral Nail Company, of Canada. He is a member 
of the Canadian Manufactmers' Association, and in 
politics is an Independent. He is a member of St. 
John's Lodge, No. 75, Ancient Fiee and Accepted 
Masons, is a member of the Ontario and Canadian 
clubsj and of the Toronto Canoe Club. He holds member- 
ship in the Presbyterian church. 

In June, 1913, Mr. Disher mairied, in Toronto, Vera 
Hamilton, of this city, and they are the parents of two 
children: William James and Doris Nancy. The family 
residence is at No. 95 Pacific avenue, Toronto. Mr. 
Disher has a farm of six acres near Errindale, where 
he spends his spare time in developing his proper tv. 



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL ROBERT FRANK 
MASSIE. D.S.O. — Prominent in the insurance business 
in Canada, and also a familiar figure in military circles, 
Lieutenant-Colonel Massie is a representative man of 
the day in Ontario. He is of Scotch antecedents, and is 
a son of James Massie, born in Lumphanan, Aberdeen- 
shire, Scotland, who came to Canada as a young man, 
gaining considerable prominence in the wholesale 
grocery business in Guelph, and serving for many years 
in various public capacities, finally as registrar of York 
county. He married Mary Armstrong, who was born 
in Guelph, Ontario. He died May 1, 1904, and his 
wife survived him for more than nine years, passing 
away July 22, 1913. 

Robert Frank Massie was born in Guelph, Ontario, 
October 15, 1877, and the removal of the family to 
Toronto when he was three years of age placed him in 
the public schools of this city in his boyhood. He finished 
with three years at the Parkdale Collegiate Institute, and 
at the age of sixteen entered the business world. His 
first position was with the Confederation Life Associa- 
tion, and there he remained for a period of seven years. 
He was next identified with the Canada Foundry 
Company, with which concern he remained for six 
years, during part of that time having charge of the 
machinery purchasing department. In 1907 Lieutenant- 
Colonel Massie participated in the organization of the 



Dominion Fire Insurance Company, which in the decs 
and a half of its existence has enjoyed a rapid growl 
Beginning in a small way, this concern now has bran 
offices in Montreal, Regina, and Vancouver, with t 
head office in Toronto. In 1912 Lieutenant-Colo! 
Massie and his partner, Mr. Renwick, took over 1 
management of the Canadian business for the Nor 
eastern National Insurance Company of Milwauk 
and the National Ben Franklin Insurance Company 
Pittsburgh, and under their direction the Canad' 
interests of these companies have steadily developed 

Enlisting in the Canadian Field Aitillery early in 19 
with the rank of lieutenant, Lieutenant-Colonel Mat 
took an active part in recruiting for the Royal Canad 
Horse Artillery and the 34th Battery, being in comms 
of the latter, raising altogether some sixteen hundi 
men from the athletic and sporting clubs of Toron 
He went overseas in January, 1916, as captain, in cha 
of the 9th Ammunition Column, then to Fiance 
major of the Thirty-third Battery, Canadian Fi 
Artillery. Taking part in many important battles, 
was severely wounded in the head at Passchendai 
on November 11, 1917, and was sent to a hospital 
France, later transferred to England, returning 
Canada in January, 1918. For sei vices in the field he i 
awarded the Distinguished Service Order, and t» 
mentioned in dispatches. He is now in command of 
3rd (Toronto) Brigade, Canadian Field Artillery. 

Frateinally, Lieutenant-Colonel Massie is affilia 
with the Free and Accepted Masons, and his clubs 
the Toronto, Engineers, and National, of Toionto, 
the last-named of which he is a director; the Cans 
Club, of Montreal, the Lambton Golf, the Egling 
Hunt, and the Assiniboia clubs of Regina. He fii 
his chief recreation at his farm in Cobourg, wheie 
spends much time, and where he breeds horses : 
cattle. He is a member of the Presbyterian church. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Massie married, in Toronto, 
1902, Isabel Covert, of Port Hope, Ontario, daug^ 
of the late Henry Covert, for many years president of 
Midland railway, and also a director of the Bank 
Toronto. Lieutenant-Colonel and Mrs. Massie h: 
three sons: James Hamilton, born May 12, 19 
Robert Lorimer, born September 7, 1907; and He 
Douglas, born September 16, 1910. 



HENRY GEORGE THORLEY— Througihout 
long career identified with the leading steamship agen 
of the day, Henry G. Thorley,'of Toronto, has for net 
nineteen years been passenger manager for the Provi 
of Ontario of the International Mercantile Mai 
Company. Mr. Thorley is a son of Charles J. Thor! 
who was born in Yorkshire, England, in 1823, and cs 
to Toronto as a young man, here engaging in the drap 
business. He married Jemima Warne, who was b 
In Reading, England, came to Toronto with her fan 
in 1855, and died in February, 1920. 

Henry George Thorley was born in Toronto, Ji 
26, 1864, and received a thoroughly piactical educat 
in the public schools of this city. In 1881 he entered 
business world in the employ of Gzowski & Buck 
general agents for the Dominion Steamship Li 
Serving in the capacity of clerk, he remained with ( 
concern for about twelve years. Mr. Thorley's nexts 
was the formation of a partnership with the late C. 
Pipon, whose death occuned in England, in 1906, 
which time Mr. Thorley was appointed passen 
manager of the International Mercantile Marine C( 
pany for the Province of Ontario. With offices at I 
41 King street, East, his present location, he has sii 
capably handled the extensive inteiests of this conce 




i 



L'lUUBd 
roopor 



i SurKeiv ' eighth tioor vi ihe Canadiki' 



i 



^ 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



115 



thereby holding a prominent position in the business life 
of the'city and Province. 

This company controls the world's largest steamships, 
and its history extends over more than half a century, 
the fiftieth anniversary of its founding having been 
celebrated in July, 1921. Beginning with five steamships 
of old types, this company has kept always a little in 
advance of the times, their equipment and service being 
kept at the highest point of attainment. One after 
another were added to their fleet, ships which have 
made histoiy, not alone in tests of speed and endurance, 
but in the bringing together of the nations in times of 
stress, the famous "Teutonic," foi instance, boi e a signifi- 
cant part in the Boer War, and in the recent World War 
stniggle, cairied man^ Canadian regiments across. The 
Shipping and Exporting Register of Canada, issue of 
July 20, 1921, gave figures of more than passing interest 
in connection with this jubilee celebration and the part 
played by the many ships of the White Star Line, which 
is one of the affiliated companies operating as the 
International Mercantile Marine Company, as follows: 

DurinK the war the Olympic steaine<I 184.000 miles and con- 
sumed .S47,()00 tons- of coal, without the sliphtest accident or delay, 
often carrying 0.000 troops i)e.sid(! her crew of 1 .000 men. the Olympic 
alone transimrted lOO.OOO Canadian troops and over 4.5,000 United 
.States troops during the war. She was .also prominent as a trooper 
in the fialliivili campaign, carrying 2.5,000 to the front. The British 
Government h.os also recognized in it.s war record that the Olympic 
Skilfully manoeuvred, rammed and sank a German submarine, for 
which the Oommander. Captain B. F. Hayes, and others aboard 
have recoive<l ofRcia! citations. 

It may he well to note hero that the WTiitc Star Line steamers 
transported more than 548,000 troops during tlie war — a stupendous 
achievement — and at the same time carried 4.250.000 tons of cargo. 

The White Star fleet now numbers thirty vessels, with 
a gross legister totalling over .375,000 tons, and with the 
resumption of normal conditions in ocean travel, is 
continuing former cruising trips in various directions. 
They also have new ships in process of construction, for 
both long established and projected lines. 

Mr. Thorley, as head of the Ontario district in the 
interests of this line, holds membership in the Toronto 
Board of Trade, and keeps in touch with all business 
progress. His social and recreative interests include 
membership in the Sons of England, life membership 
in Doric Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, and mem- 
bership in the Commonwealth, Albany, Canadian and 
Empire clubs, and the Lake Shore Country Club. 
Politically, he is a Conservative, and he is a member 
of the Presbyterian church. 

Mr. Thorley married, in 1896, in Toronto, Annie E. 
Wilson, of this city, and they have one daughter, Ethel 
Arline. Mrs. Thorley and Miss Thorley have been very 
active workers in the Red Cross and other welfare 
activities. The family home is at No. 394 Palmerston 
boulevard. 



ANGUS A. CAMPBELL, M.D.— One of the best 
knov.(n among the younger medical men of Canada, Dr. 
Campbell was born at Shanty Bay, Simcoe county, 
Ontario August 15, 1881. His parents, Archibald and 
Elizabeth (Heard) Campbell, were among the early 
Scotch settlers of Canada. 

Dr. Campbell received his early education in the public 
school at Shanty Bay, the Model School, and Collegiate 
Institute at Barrie, Ontario, where he went for college 
preparatory work. Having decided to study medicine 
and surgery. Dr. Campbell entered the medical school 
of the University of Toronto. He was graduated with 
honors in 1906, and after spending three years in general 
practise in Newfoundland he went abroad where he 
spent another three years completing his medical 
traiiring. At Edinburgh, Scotland, he became a licentiate 
of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons. In 



1910 he was appointed house surgeon of Golden Square 
Throat Hospital, London, England, and in 1911 he 
served as house surgeon in Central London Ophthalmic 
Hospital. Taking advantage of the opportunity thus 
afforded for medical research work in a city where 
clinical material abounds, Dr. Campbell continued his 
studies, specializing in diseases of the eye, ear, nose, 
and throat. As a surgeon he confines himself chiefly 
to cases involving the minute and delicate operations 
that come under the designation of head surgery. 

Dr. Campbell enlisted for service in the World War 
in July, 1915, and was discharged in February, 1919. 
He served as major in the Canadian army, Medical 
Corps. At the present time he is junior assistant surgeon 
at the Toronto General Hospital, is on the medical faculty 
of the University of Toronto, and is a member of the 
Toronto Academy of Medicine. 

Dr. Campbell is well known in Masonic circles, and is 
a member of Wilson Lodge, No. 86, Ancient Free and 
Accepted Masons. He belongs to the Lake Shore Country 
Club and to the Rusholme Bowling Club. 

Dr. Campbell married, on October 19, 1911, Mabel 
Hoyle, a daughter of the Hon. W. H. and Caroline 
(Jewell) Hoyle. Dr. and Mrs. Campbell have two 
children: Hoyle, who was born September 20, 1913; and 
George, who was born in May, 1916. The family town 
home is at No. 225 Rusholme road, and they have their 
summer residence at Shanty Bay, Lake Simcoe. 

ANDREW EDWARD REA— Long familiar in the 
manufacturing world of Canada, the name of A. E. Rea 
has been brought into marked prominence in recent 
years and is identified with much of the constructive 
activity which is carrying the city of Toronto forward 
in the march of progress. 

Mr. Rea was born in Willetsholme, Ontario, October 
23, 1872, and after a business training in New York of 
several years, came to Toronto in 1900 to engage in the 
manufacture of textiles. His first independent business 
venture was the production of women's wear, exclusively. 
This business he built up from very modest beginning 
until in 1904 it required a large, modern concrete and 
brick plant at No. 93 Spadina avenue to house the 
business. This plant contains five stories and basement, 
amounting to 45,000 square feet of floor space, and is 
known as the Rea building. 

In 1907 Mr. Rea opened an exclusive retail store on 
Yonge street, in part of the block now occupied by the 
Robert Simpson Company, of Toronto; in 1908 he 
acquired the T. Lindsey department store in Ottawa, 
Ontario; in 1909 he bought the S. Carsley business in 
Montreal and built the store now occupied by Goodwins, 
Ltd. About 1914 he acquired the C. Ross Company of 
Ottawa and sold the building and site to the Royal 
Bank of Canada, which is now occupied by them. He 
also acquired and sold to Holt, Renfrew & Company the 
building now occupied by them in Montreal. 

In 1916 Mr. Rea, owing to illness, disposed of his entire 
holdings in his various enterprises and retired from 
business. While convalescing, Mr. Rea was very promin- 
ent in patriotic work. With his recovery, inaction 
became tedious, and in 1918 he organized the Canadian 
Woollens, Ltd., merging many small interests in various 
parts of the Dominion. Their business is clearly indicated 
by their name. Since that time, Mr. Rea, realizing the 
necessity of encouraging basic industries in Canada, has 
organized Dominion Development Corporation, Ltd., 
for the purpose of encouraging and financing these 
industries. This is an organized body of the most enthusi- 
astic men in the provinces, and the field it will reach 
is as wide as the Dominion itself. The offices of this con- 
cern are at present on the eighth floor of the Caiiadian 



116 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



Pacific railway building, Toronto, Ontario. Mr. Rea, 
through this organization, has now organized the 
Dominion Combing Mills, Ltd., a concern of great 
importance for the combing of wool, which is the missing 
link in the worsted end of the textile industry. At the 
beginning of the year 1922 elaborate plans were in 
operation for a one million dollar plant to be located 
in Trenton, Ontario, to house this industry. Mr. Rea 
is president of this concern. 

Mr. Rea is a member of the Canadian Manufacturers' 
Association; Boards of Trade of Montreal, Ottawa and 
Toronto. In politics, he is a Conservative. He is a member 
of the Montreal, Albany and Canadian clubs, of the 
Scarborough Golf and Country Club, Toronto, and of 
the Ottawa Hunt and Rivermeade clubs of Ottawa. He 
is a member of the Anglican church. 

Mr. Rea married, in Stockbridge, Massachusetts, in 
1898, Alice T. Wood, and they have two children: 
Andrew Edward, born October 24, 1904, now attending 
the University of Toronto, preparing for the profession 
of electrical engineer; and Adelle Carter, born August 
1, 1907, now attending the Bishop Strachan private 
school. The family reside at No. 1 Shorncliff avenue, 
Toronto, Ontario. 

WILLIAM GEORGE MILNE— Since 1908 an inde- 
pendent manufacturer in the line of business which he 
entered as a youth of sixteen years, Mr. Milne is widely 
known in Canada as a maker of men's neckwear. He is 
a son of John and Isabella (Thompson) Milne, his 
parents, natives of Scotland, having come from Aberdeen 
to Canada in 1873. John Milne was a building con- 
tractor throughout his active years, conducting opera- 
tions at St. Thomas, Toronto, Winnipeg, St. John's, 
and in South Africa, and held notable position in his 
calling. 

William George Milne was born in St. Thomas, Onta- 
rio, January 30, 1879. He was educated in the separate 
schools, and later, at the age of sixteen, became a clerk 
for E. & S. Currie, a firm at that time engaged exclusively 
in the neckwear business in Toronto. When his connec- 
tion with the Currie Company came to an end, he worked 
for various neckwear manufacturing firms throughout 
the Dominion and in the United States as a factory 
representative. In 1908 he decided to enter business 
independently and began to manufacture men's neck- 
wear. He was handicapped by lack of capital at first, 
but by industry and perseverance he has built up a 
business the proceeds of which amount to over one-half 
a million dollars yearly. His products are marketed 
throughout Canada by his own representatives, be- 
tween eighty and one hundred people comprising the 
Milne organization. The office and factory are at No. 
129 Spadina avenue. Mr. Milne is a member of the 
Canadian Manufacturers' Association, and is rated as 
one of the successful, substantial men in his field. 

Mr. Milne is a member of the Catholic church and the 
Knights of Columbus. In farming he finds his greatest 
enjoyment. 

Mr. Milne married, August 22, 1904, Phoebe Sloan, 
a daughter of David and Elizabeth (Russel) Sloan, and 
they are the parents of two children: Margaret, who 
was born on November 2, 1905; and Phoebe, who was 
born on October 5, 1907. The family residence is at 
Langstaff, Ontario. 



James Monypenny, son of William and Ma 
(Flavelle) Monypenny, was born in the County 
Armagh, Ireland, May 20, 1863. He received his edu( 
tion in the public schools of his native land, and aft 
. his graduation from high school, came to Lindsj 
Ontario, in 1880, where he obtained employment as 
clerk in a general store. Several years later, he cai 
to Toronto and while filling several engagements as 
clerk, acquired a knowledge of the city trade and marke 
He left Toronto in order to become a traveler for Loi 
dale, Reid & Company of Montreal, but the idea 
returning to the city was always present in his mii 
In 1896 the opportunity presented itself, and in partn 
ship with Mr. Dignum, the present Toronto house 
Monypenny Brothers, Ltd., was established. In IJ 
the partnership of Dignum & Monypenny was dissolv 
with Mr. Dignum retiring, and the business was ci 
tinued under the style of Monypenny Brothers & Co 
pany. In September, 1919, the business was incorporai 
as Monypenny Brothers, Ltd. The business is confii 
to men's woolens and men's furnishings. Their go( 
are placed on the market by the firm's representati 
and their territory is principally tho Province 
Ontario, but their business extends to the lower Pre 
inces and West to Alberta. 

James Monypenny, the president, is a member of 
Anglican church. He is a Mason, and is a life membei 
Zetland Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons. He s 
belongs to the National Club. 

Mr. Monypenny, in 1892, married Christina Prest 



JAMES MONYPENNY— The members of the firm 
of Monypenny Brothers, Limited, of Toronto, James and 
Louis F. Monypenny, are descendants of a Scottish 
family long resident in Ireland, where both were born 
and whence both came to Canadian business life, in 
which they hold noteworthy place. 



LOUIS F. MONYPENNY, son of William and Mi 
(Flavelle) Monypenny, and brother of James Mo 
penny (see preceding sketch), was born in the Cou; 
of Tyrone, Ireland, September 8, 1877. He came 
Toronto as a lad, and received his education in 
public schools of the city. At the age of fourteen 
decided to enter the field of business and obtainei 
position in the warehouse of Gillespie, Ansley & Dix 
wholesale manufacturers of hats and furs. He foi 
this position agreeable and, availing himself of ev 
opportunity that came in his way, he soon began 
acquire a knowledge of business methods and merch 
dising. He spent five years with the firm at Toro 
and then became one of their selling representati 
on the road. He traveled for the house for one year i 
then resigned his position in order to become associa 
with his brother, James Monypenny, of the firm 
Dignum & Monypenny. This firm had been establis' 
in 1896 and was thus in its infancy. 

Louis F. Monypenny is a member of the Metho( 
church. He is a Mason, and belongs to Zetland Loc 
of which he is a life member. He is a lover of all outd 
sports and games, and finds his chief recreation in g 
He holds membership in the Royal Canadian Ya 
Club, the Scarboro Golf Club, and the National CI 
He is also an active member of the Board of Trad( 
Toronto. He spends the summer months at his cous 
home at Jackson's Point, Ontario. 

Mr. Monypenny, in 1905, married Edith Digni 
daughter of Edward J. and Clara (Boyd) Dignum, i 
they are the parents of four children: Guy, born J 
7, 1907; Wesley Boyd, born September 21, 1910, \ 
died in July, 1921; Clare, born May 9, 1912, who c 
in February, 1916; and Eric, born June 7, 1918. 

CHARLES W. STRATHY— Long identified with 
Canada Permanent Mortgage Company, Mr. Strati 
business career divides itself naturally into two peric 
The first comprises the twenty-two years during wV 
he was identified with the Canada Permanent Mortg 
Company, and the second extends from 1906, when 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



117 



joined the North American Life Insurance Company, 
to the present time. He was born at Toronto, December 
13, 1865, son of George W. and Mary Cornwall (Wedd) 
Strathy. 

Mr. Strathy was educated at the Model School and the 
Toronto Collegiate Institute, and entered the field of 
business immediately after his graduation. The Canada 
Permanent Mortgage Company, which was destined to 
have the benefit of his services for twenty-two years, 
employed him as a junior clerk at first, but during his 
long connection with the company, he served it in various 
capacities and was, at the time he left that institution, 
manager for the Province of Alberta. In 1906 Mr. 
Strathy accepted an offer from the North American 
Life Assurance Company and proceeded to Winnipeg, 
where he became manager of the mortgage department 
for Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta. In 1918 he 
was appointed treasurer of the company and returned 
to Toronto. This office he still holds, and by virtue of 
his long experience and thorough knowledge of financial 
affairs, Mr. Strathy may be regarded as an authority 
on all matters pertaining to the investments of insur- 
ance companies. 

In religious faith, Mr. Strathy is a member of the 
Anglican church. His principal recreations are golf and 
music, and he holds membership in the Toronto Golf 
Club; the Toronto Club; the Canadian Club; the Mani- 
toba Club, of Winnipeg; the Assinbroia Club, of Regina; 
and the Edmonton Club, of Edmonton. 
i Mr. Stiathy married, on February 13, 1895, Helen 
I Rickey, daughter of Captain Rickey, and they are the 
parents of one daughter, Helen Amy, who was bom in 
; March, 1896. 

ERNEST M. PEDWELL— Coming to Toronto 
! in 1913 with a special knowledge of the lumber business, 
I Mr. Pedwell organized the Pedwell Hardwood Lumber 
' Company, now so well known as one of the city firms. 
I He was bom at Thornbury, in Gray county, Ontaiio, 
'. July 16, 1883, son of Henry and Catherine (Mueller) 
Pedwell, his father a mill owner and lumber dealer of 
! Thornbury. 

,i Mr. Pedwell received his education in the public 
J schools of Thornbury. After his giaduation from high 
school, he entered his father's mill and acquired a thor- 
ough practical training in the lumber business. Although 
still quite young when he came to Toronto, he was an 
expert in his chosen field of business, and his continued 
> I success is proof of his ability as a lumber man. The 
iPedwell Hardwood Lumber Company, which has its 
place of business at the foot of Spadina avenue, special- 
izes in hardwood lumber, leaving the field of soft woods 
to others. 

Mr. Pedwell attends the Presbyterian church. Accus- 
tomed as he has always been to a vigorous outdoor life, 
,Mr. Pedwell finds his chief recreation in open-air sports, 
,and_ among his favorites are curling, bowling, and 
-(fishing. He is a Mason, and also belongs to the Indepen- 
dent Order of Odd Fellows. He holds membership in the 
,,. Oakwood Club and the Lions Club. 
; Mr. Pedwell married, on August 27, 1907, Edith 
;' poettiger, daughter of Fred and Lena Boettiger, and 
^phey have one son, Arthur Milton Pedwell, who was bom 
jilJanuary 15, 1915. 

I JUDGE WILLIAM NASSAU FERGUSON— Among 

,jthe representatives of the legal profession in Toronto 
:..ls William Nassau Ferguson, Justice of Appeal in the 
;,iBupreme Court of Ontario, who has been a member of the 
-pai for nearly three decades, and during the entire period 

if his legal career has been engaged in practice in this 

ity. 



Judge Ferguson was bom at Cookstown, Ontario, 
December 31, 1869, son of Isaac Fergiison, late of 
Cookstown, Ontario, and of Emily J. Gowan, daughter 
of the late Lieutenant-Colonel Ogle R. Gowan, member 
of Parliament for Leeds and Grenville. He received 
his early education in the schools of his native district 
and then entered Upper Canada College. After the 
completion of his college course, he began the study 
of law in Osgoode Hall, Law School, Toronto, and in 
1894 was called to the bar. He at once began the prac- 
tice of his profession at Toronto, and in 1908 was ap- 
pointed King's Counsel. In 1915 he was elected a Bench- 
er of the Law Society of Upper Canada, and on December 
4, 1916, was appointed a Justice of Appeal of the Supreme 
Court of Ontario. 

Politically, Judge Ferguson is a Conservative. He is 
a member of the trustees of the Sick Children's Hospital 
and a member of the governing board of Wycliffe 
College. He is a member of the Masonic Society, and is 
well known in club circles, being affiliated with the 
Albany, the Toronto, the National, Royal Canadian 
Yacht, Toronto Hunt and the Ontario Jockey clubs. 
His religious affiliation is with the ^glican church. 
He is fond of golf, motoring, and fishin^r-aniiJias-^been 
prominently identified with out-of-door sports. He 
played lacrosse and Rugby football, and was captain 
of Upper Canada College and Osgoode Hall football 
teams. He was also president of the Ontario Rugby 
Union. 

As an able and conscientious justice, a loyal citizen, 
and an all-round man of affairs, both socially and 
professionally, Judge Ferguson is most highly-esteemed 
among his professional associates and among his fellow- 
citizens. 



EDWIN SAMUEL MUNROE— In the wholesale 
paper trade in Canada the name of Edwin S. Munroe 
is widely known as the head of one of the most progres- 
sive concerns in this field of mercantile endeavor. Mr. 
Munroe comes of Scotch antecedents, early settlers 
of Glengarry, Ontario, who later removed to Caledonia, 
and is a son of William and Eliza Jane (Scott) Munroe, 
both now deceased. William Munroe, during his life- 
time, was well known in Caledonia and throughout 
that section of the Province as a dealer in grain and 
lumber. 

Edwin Samuel Munroe was bora in Caledonia, On- 
tario, in October, 1864, and his formal education was 
limited to the public school course of that town. After 
leaving school he became interested in the grain business, 
and was engaged along that line until 1890, when he came 
to Toronto and entered the employ of the James Murray 
Printing Company, in the capacity of accountant. 
Upon the liquidation of this firm six years later, Mr. 
Munroe formed a partnership with Thomas G. Wilson 
and William Cassidy, and under the firm name of Wilson, 
Munroe & Cassidy, took over the book manufacturing 
end of the above business. For eight years they carried 
forward a thriving interest in book binding, then, in 
1904, disposed of the bindery to Brown Brothers. 
Various changes have taken place in the personnel of the 
firm, but its activities have since been confined to the 
realm of wholesale paper. The company entered this new 
field at the time of Tot onto's historic fire, which wrought 
havoc in the district occupied by the leading wholesale 
paper houses of that day. Located then at No. 77 York 
street, this concern was outside the fire area, hence able 
to step into the gap. But the growth of the business 
continued steadily with the readjustment of conditions 
to normal. In 1906 the concern was incorporated. 
Soon afterwaid they removed to more suitable quarters 
at Nos. 106-108 York street, and during this period, up 



118 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



to 1916, Mr. Munroe acted as secretary-treasurer of the 
company, the latter date seeing his election to the 
presidency. With the passing of the years it became 
clearly evident that the only way to meet the problem 
of expansion was the course which they adopted. Secur- 
ing the suitable and well located premises at Nos. 18-20 
Duncan street, Toronto, in the heart of the district 
occupied by the printing and allied trades, they moved 
into this fine modern structure of three stories and 
basement which was especially appropriate to meet such 
requirements as theirs, having a floor space of 25,000 
square feet. To this new building the business was 
lemoved with the beginning of the yeai 1922, and with 
increased facilities they aie handling larger stocks, adding 
new lines, and holding in readiness for immediate delivery 
complete stocks of printer s', bookbinders', and paper box- 
makers' supplies of every kind. As always, the company 
specializes in the highest grades of all stocks listed. They 
have several special agencies placing their goods on the 
market, covering the entire Dominion of Canada. The 
officers of the concern are now as follows: E. S. Munroe, 
president, E. M. Scarlett, vice-president, William Braby, 
secretary, and E. B. Munroe, treasurer. Since the date 
of incorporation the firm has been known as the Wilson- 
Munroe Company, Ltd. 

A member of the Toronto Board of Trade, Mr. 
Munroe is also a member of the Canadian Paper Trade 
Association, of which he is at this time (1922) treasurer. 
Fraternally, he holds membership in Mississauga Lodge, 
No. 524, Free and Accepted Masons, and in the Cana- 
dian Order of Foresters. Politically, he supports the 
Conservative party, and he is affiliated with the Presby- 
terian church. 

Mr. Munroe is married, and his son, E. B. Munroe, 
is treasurer of the company. The Munroe residence is 
at Port Credit, Ontario. 

J. EDGAR PARSONS — Associated for four years 
with the business of the General Sessions Court of 
Toronto, and in active law practice for fourteen years 
(1922), Mr. J. Edgar Parsons is widely known as a 
man of firm principles, fearless, yet conservative and 
well poised. 

J. Edgar Parsons was born in York towrrship, in the 
Province of Ontario, April 27, 1877. He attended West 
Toronto public and collegiate schools, and in 1899 
started his professional life as a clerk of Sessions Court. 
The work there proved to be of unusual interest to him 
and he remained in the position until 1903, continuing 
his studies, however, and in 1908 was graduated from 
Osgoode Hall Law School. In the same year he was 
called to the bar, taking up general civil practice. As 
a member of both the York County and Ontario Bar 
associations his time is devoted almost entirely to his 
profession. However, he is a man of broad sympathies 
and takes every opportunity to study economic and 
social conditions. His activity in the cause of temper- 
ance is the outcome of this interest. He is also affiliated 
with the Yonge Street Methodist Church. 

Mr. Parsons married, in Toronto, Edna T. Shunk, 
daughter of Simon Shunk, of Vaughn township. They 
have two sons: Everton B, and Harold E.;and one 
daughter, Dorothy. 

ALLEN HOLFORD WALKER, M.D.— In medical 
and surgical circles of Ontario, Dr. Walker is known 
as a specialist who has made valuable contributions 
to that branch of healing science to which he has devoted 
himself, as the founder of the pioneer private hospital 
of Ontario, and as a practitioner whose skill and know- 
ledge have won him the respectful esteem of his col- 
leagues. Hale and hearty at an age when most men. 



even if they possess good health, choose retirement 
he continues his life-work with the enthrrsiasm of earliei 
years, taking to the consultation and operating room th( 
priceless experience and learning of a long and brrsj 
career. 

Dr. Walker is a member of the noted English familj 
whose members have long been identified with iron ant 
lead manufacture in England, his branch bearing armi 
as follows: 

Amu — Quarterly, of eleven, namely: 

1st, Argent, on a chevron gules, between two an\-ils ii 
chief and an anchor in base sable, a bee between tw( 
crescents or. 
2n(i, Argent, a greyhound statant sable, a canton of thi 

second. 
3rd, Azure, a chevron between three lozenges or. 
4th, Argent, three bulls' heads cabossed sable. 
5th, Argent, a chevron between three fleams sable. 
6th, Gules, a chevron between three owls ai'gcnt. 
7th, Argent, on a chevron sable three trefoils of the field 
8th, Per bend sinister sable and or six hawks close, counter 

changed. 
9th, Argent, a brock sable, 
roth, Ermine, three acorns sprigged and leaved proper, oi 

a chief gules a lion statant guardant or. 
1 Ith, Sable, a billet argent. 
Crtd — On a mount, within a wreathed .serpent, a dove statant, al 

proper. 
Molb — Junell caUmuj (United we prevail). 

Dr. Walker was born in Barrie, Ontario, in 1846, soi 
of Edward Allen and Elizabeth (Baldwin) Walker 
grandson of Edward J. Walker, who was a son of Jacol 
Walker, son of Arthur Walker, son of Samuel Walker 
the eminent iron master, who founded the great iroi 
works at Hill Top, County York, and having raised i 
great commercial fortune by industry and enterprise 
died in 1782. Dr. Walker attended the Barrie Gramma 
School, and subsequently was graduated from Queen'i 
University, with the degree of Doctor of Medicine, hi 
professional practice beginning at Dundas, Ontario, ii 
1867. Within a few years the demands upon his time anc 
services had become so numerous and insistent that hi 
was obliged to secure a partner to meet them and t( 
allow him to devote a larger share of his time to th 
department of his proiession in which he wished t( 
specialize, diseases of the nervous system and abdomina 
surgery. In the winter of 1887 he went to Philadelphia 
Pennsylvania, to study under the late Dr. S. Wei 
Mitchell that noted physician's system of treating ner 
vous diseases, and in the following year he went t( 
Birmingham, England, as assistant to the late Dr 
Lawson Tait, the most celebrated abdominal surged 
of the day. 

Dr. Walker established the first private hospital o 
Ontario in Hamilton in the spring of 1887 for his special 
ized practice in the treatment of diseases of the nervoui 
system and abdominal surgery. Finding that he wa: 
unable to devote sufficient time to his general practie( 
in Dundas, he decided to close the hospital and to founc 
one in Toronto. It was at this time that he was associatec 
with Dr. Lawson Tait in Birmingham, and while abroac 
he visited Berlin, Germany, to observe the methods o: 
work of the leading abdominal surgeons of the Germar 
capital. 

When Dr. Walker left Dundas, his friends of the citj 
and surrounding country made him a handsome presen- 
tation, while there were many individual expressions o! 
friendship and esteem. The hospital that he establishec 
in Toronto is now known as the Victoria Memorial 
Hospital, one of the oldest in the city, and this institu- 
tion he leased in July, 1909, although he is still it 
owner. Practice as a specialist in gynaecology and ab- 
dominal surgery has since occupied him, his careei 
illustrating the fruits of constant application and loyaltj 
to aims raised ever higher as attainment brought them 
near.- Dr. Walker is a fellow of the Gyn»cological 





Y^Ut> 




BIOGRAPHICAL 



119 



Society of Medicine, of London, and a fellow of the Royal 
College of Surgeons, of Kingston. He is a member of the 
Masonic order, and his clubs are the Lambton Golf, 
Caledon Mountain Trout, and Tadenac Fishing and 
Shooting. Hearty and vigorous, he is fond of all sports, 
especially hunting and fishing, which he enjoys at his 
summer home on Georgian Bay. 

Dr. Walker married, in 1873, Annie Rolph, daughter 
of George Rolph, of Dundas, and their two children, 
Annie and Alice, died in infancy. 

WILLIAM COOK— For many years Mr. Cook has 
been a recognized leader in professional circles in Toron- 
to, his practice having extended over the greater part of 
four decades. Mr. Cook's parents came from England 
about 1830, and William Cook, his father, acquired land 
in the township of Vaughn, Ontario, where he was en- 
gaged in farming throughout the remainder of his life. 
He married Elizabeth Smith. 

William Cook, son of the above, was born in the town- 
ship of Vaughn, in April, 1852, and his early education 
was gained in the public and high schools of Richmond 
Hill, Ontario. He was graduated from the University of 
Toronto in the class of 1880, with the degree of Bachelor 
of Arts, and for four years thereafter studied at Osgoode 
Hall Law School, being called to the bar in 1884. Enter- 
ing at once upon the practice of his profession, Mr. 
Cook has followed general lines of practice to a consider- 
able degree, but has also specialized in estates and in 
real property law, being now an authority therein. 

A member of the York County Law Association, Mr. 
Cook also holds membership in the Ontario and Domin- 
ion Bar Associations. He is a director of the York 
farmers' Colonization Company, and is deeply interested 
n the development of the rural districts of this Prov- 
nce. He has traveled much, and has visited England 
many times, is a member of St. George's Society, and of 
;he Weston Golf and Country Club. He is a member of 
:he Anglican church. 

Mr. Cook married, in Toronto, in 1884, Amy A. Mc- 
Michael, daughter of Dr. Daniel McMichael, and they 
lave six children: William A. McM., structural engineer 
'or the Toronto School Board; Charles Langfield, who 
s identified with the Standard Bank; Amy Elizabeth, 
it home; Margaret Edith Agnes, at home; John Alan, 
Ivith the National Trust Company; and Francis Gordon, 
I student at Osgoode Hall. The family resides at No. 
!7 High Park avenue. 



REV. HERBERT SAMUEL MAGEE, B.A.— In the 

eligious growth of a nation lies a significant measure of 
ts strength, and the church has always been an active 
actor in the progress of the Dominion. One of the names 
veil known in recent times in the Methodist church 
hroughout Ontario is that of Rev. Herbert S. Magee, 
vhose untimely death, some years ago, removed a worker 
if rare power from the ranks of this denomination. Mr. 
ilagee was a son of John and Bella Magee, farming 
leople, who were active in the work of the church, 
ohn Magee died in 1917, and Mrs. Magee now lives in 
i'oronto. 
Herbert Samuel Magee was born February 6, 1867, 
ear Alma, Ontario, and after completing the course of 
he intermediate schools, assisted his father on the farm 
ntil he reached young manhood. Choosing then the 
rofession of dentist, he began his preparations for a 
areer in that field of effort, meanwhile teaching school 
partly finance his professional education. At the age 
f twenty-three years, while thus engaged, he experienced 
religious awakening which to him was a direct call to 
life of Christian work in the ministry of his church, 
.ccordingly he changed the course of his studies and 



responded with zeal, accepting appointments during his 
probation which called him first to Hensell, then to 
Owen Sound, Georgetown and Manitowaning, on 
Manitoulin Island. After his ordination he was appointed 
to Queen East, in Toronto, also to Davenport, in this 
city. Thereafter for two years Mr. Magee devoted his 
time to evangelistic work, chiefly in new districts and 
among the poor and needy. Then for one year he served 
the church at Midland, Ontario, as pastor, also taking a 
leading part in the local option campaign then in progress 
there. Under the general charge of Rev. Dr. Chown, he 
threw himself with characteristic enthusiasm into the 
work of the Department of Temperance and Moral 
Reform, of the Methodist church, and his unceasing 
and arduous labors along these lines overtaxed his 
strength, bringing about the nervous condition which was 
the immediate cause of his death. He plunged with all 
the force of an impetuous, highly-strung nature into the 
righting of wrong and the establishing of the Kingdom 
of God in new fields and among hitherto thoughtless 
or careless circles. In an appreciation published in the 
"Christian Guardian," from the pen of Rev. Dr. Chown, 
the writer says of Mr. Magee: 

Tho reputation with whicli ho entered upon tlio duties of Field 
Secretary of tho Department of Citizenship in our Church he fully 
sustained and increased while he was able to give the work his un- 
divided attention. * * • * One was impressed with the fact that 
every new vantage ground of knowledge gave him a vision of In- 
creased helpfulness to sad and sufTering humanity. 

The executive committee of the Department of 
Temperance, Prohibition and Moral Reform, in a 
special meeting for the purpose, on June 15, 1911, in- 
corporated in lengthy resolutions the following: 

For over four years Mr. Magoo has ren(tere<l most faithful and 
eaScient service throughout the whole field of work of our Church. 
A clear thinker, an able speaker, a deliglitful companion, an earnest 
and sincere servant of ,Iesus Christ, ho was a brother greatly beloved 
wherever he was known. Throughout hLs ministrj- of twenty years he 
was always an evangelical preacher, and an ardent advocate of moral 
and social reforms • * * a loader In his own community in every 
campaign for better citizenship and national righteousness. 

Mr. Magee's death occurred on Wednesday, June 7, 
1911, at Elmira, New York, and the funeral services 
were held in Oakville, Ontario, many ministers from his 
own and other conferences being present and taking 
part in the obsequies. The great affection which they 
bore for him was clearly evident. He was a man of 
rich endowment and high mental attainments, his 
tastes including a wide lange of literature and good 
music. 

On October 11, 1899, Mr. Magee married Mary Helen 
Anderson, daughter of C. W. and Margaret Anderson, of 
Oakville, Ontario. Mr. Anderson, who died in 1919, was 
a well known private banker of Oakville. Mrs. Magee 
was broadly active in church work prior to her marriage, 
especially in the work of the Epworth League, and was 
deeply in sympathy with her husband's life work. She 
survives him, and also their two sons, Clarence Hall, 
now in the employ of the Dominion Bank, and Herbert 
Dwight, at school. 

ROBERT WHERRY— Entering the practice of law 
at the early age of twenty-six, when the average youth 
is just beginning to decide upon a career, Robert Wherry 
now at the age of thirty-seven, with eleven full years 
of practice back of him, takes his place as an influence 
to be reckoned with in the public life of Toronto. 

Robert Wherry was born at Hamilton, Ontario, 
January 10, 1884, and is the son of William and Ellen 
Wherry. William Wherry is of Irish ancestcy, and, 
until he retired from active business, was engaged in 
carriage building at Hamilton. Robert Wherry, as a 
student of Hamilton public and collegiate schools, eaily 



120 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



showed a deep interest in professional life, and his father 
decided to give him every opportunity to satisfy his 
hunger for study. He graduated from University of 
Toronto in Arts, 1906, with the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts, and in the faculty of law in 1909, with the degree 
of LL.B. The same year he graduated from the Osgoode 
Hall Law School, enteiing general civil practice in 1910, 
and becoming in 1920 the senior member of the firm 
of Wherry, Zimmerman & Osborne. 

Mr. Wheny is a loyal member of the Masonic order, 
a member of both Univereity and Harcourt lodges. He 
is also a Shriner, and while he devotes almost his entire 
time to his profession, he manages to find time to take an 
active part in the affairs of the order. He is a member of 
the Scottish Rite bodies of Toronto and Hamilton, the 
National Club, Summit Golf Club, Old Colony Club, 
and the Mississauga Golf Club. 

In 1913 Mr. Wherry married Margaret Eleanor 
Coulter, of Bethany, Ontario. They have two sons: 
Robert William and Pat. 



SEEYMAN LAIRD ALEXANDER— Among the 

successful physicians of Toronto is Seeyman Laird 
Alexander, ear, nose, and throat specialist, who 
received his medical degree from the University of 
Toronto in 1913, and since that time has been steadily 
engaged in practice. 

Born in Cavalier, North Dakota, November 12, 1889, 
son of John Henry and Margaret (Robb) Alexander, he 
received his early education in the public schools of his 
native town, and his high school education at North 
Bay, Ontario. Upon the completion of his high school 
course, he entered the University of Toronto, from which 
he was graduated in 1913, with the degree of Bachelor of 
Medicine. He then went to the Massachusetts Charitable 
Eye and Ear Hospital, at Boston, whei* he remained for 
twenty months engaged in special work in ear, nose, and 
throat. Before that work was completed the World 
Wat had begun, and Di. Alexander enlisted, being 
attached to the Royal Army Medical Corps. He was 
a medical officer in the First Battalion, Scots Guards, 
of the Guard's Division and also spent some time in 
General Hospital No. 13, at Boulogne, France. Upon 
his discharge from service in 1918, he returned to Boston 
to complete his post-graduate work at the Massachusetts 
Charitable Eye and Ear Hospital, and in 1919 began 
practice in Toronto, as an ear, nose, and throat specialist. 

Dr. Alexander is a member of the Toronto Academy 
of Medicine, of the Ontario Medical Association, and of 
the Dominion Medical Association. He is also a member 
of the Scarboro Golf Club, and is an enthusiastic hunter 
and fisherman. 

Dr. Alexander married, on October 4, 1917, Betty 
Case, daughter of Adam and Maiie Case, and they are 
the parents of two children: Virginia Ann, and Thomas 
Laird. The family reside at No. 3 Delavan avenue. 

ADAM FRANCIS PENTON— In publishing circles 
of Canada, the name of Adam Francis Penton is widely 
known in connection with the large group of sporting 
and trade periodicals of which he is the founder and 
owner. Yet, Mr. Penton's prominence is by no means 
limited to the publishing world. He comes of a celebrated 
old English family, now for four generations in Canada, 
Mr. Penton's son being the fourth. 

Rev. Thomas Penton, Mr. Penton's gieat-great- 
grandfather, was a leading dignitaiy of the Church of 
England, and high in the social life of his day. He 
married a Portuguese lady of royal birth, and both lie 
buried beneath the chancel in Winchester Cathedral at 
Winchester, England, their inscriptions clearly visible 
still. Portraits of both, by Sir Joshua Reynolds, probably 



the most valuable art treasures in Canada, are now 
the possession of Mr. Penton, the subject of this revi( 

John Augustus Penton, their grandson, and J 
Penton's grandfather, was born in Winchester, Engla: 
and was highly educated in his native country, com 
to Canada while still a young man, and winning reno 
at the bar. He practiced law in Paris, Ontario, for ma 
years, and was an influential man of his day. He marri 
m England, Maria Field, and they were the parents 
five sons: Edward, Thomas, Henry, Charles, a 
Frederick. 

Charles Penton was bom in Paris, Ontario, in 18 
and died in 1906. He became a figure of significance 
the publishing world both here and in the United Stat 
He was the founder of the Seaforth (Ontario) "Exp 
itor," a sheet which cordially supported Conservat 
principles in the Provinces, and which was eventus 
sold to the late Premier Sir George Ross. For a ti 
Charles Penton resided in Buffalo, New York, and dur 
that period he founded Buffalo's first one-cent ds 
newspaper, also being identified with other publicatio 
He was a man of bioad ability, fearless in endorsing pi 
lie righteousness through the medium of his editor 
columns, caring nothing for public honors in the way 
political preferment. He was a member of the AnglK 
church. He married Mary Adelaide Thomson To\ 
ley, who was born in Montreal, Quebec, in 1837, and s 
survives him. Mrs. Penton also comes of one of Englan 
foremost families, being a granddaughter of the R 
James Townley, D.D., a great divine and author in 
day. He left the Church of England to become 
president of the first British Methodist Conference, 1 
later returned to the English church in which he \ 
reared. A valuable oil portrait of Dr. Townley, 
Jackson, is still in possession of the family. Mr. s 
Mrs. Charles Penton were the parents of the follow 
children: Margaret M., deceased; Reginald F., a law; 
of Buffalo, New York; Carl Townley, electrical engin 
of Detroit; Alfred, died in infancy; and Adam Fran 
of whom further. 

Adam Francis Penton was born in Buffalo, New Yo 
November 15, 1879, and is a son of Charles and M; 
Adelaide Thomson (Townley) Penton. Hewasgradua 
from the East Aurora (New York) High School w 
honors, in 1895, at the age of sixteen years, receiv 
diplomas qualifying him for entrance to both law i 
medical universities of the State at that age. He t( 
a course at the Buffalo State Normal College, receiv 
a first-class diploma as teacher, and was school prir 
pal for a period of four years, after passing the St 
examinations. He studied law for three years, then gi 
up all professional plans to devote his life to newspa 
work. His career in journalism has been marked by 
breadth of interest and tireless energy which are char 
teristic of the man. Writing first for the New York i 
other American newspapers and magazines, he foUov 
this line of activity for seven years, then after a per 
of broken health, came to Toronto and here establisl 
in 1910 a publishing business, of which he is the s 
owner. This covers a wide scope, his publications be 
the "Canadian Motor Boat," "Radio," the "Canad 
Exporter," the "Canadian Ford Owner," the "Canad 
Trade Register," and the "Canadian fixport Tri 
Directory." 

In every branch of organized endeavor Mr. Peni 
is broadly interested, and politically is always an In 
pendent. During the World War he spent much tir 
without remuneration, as a member of a board of th 
from Ontario, attached to the Royal Air Force, for i 
purpose of hastening and increasing the results of recn 
ing. The methods he introduced were remarkably effe 
ive, and now form a part of the history of the air for 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



121 



Canada. Fraternally Mr. Penton is a member of the 
; and Accepted Masons. In club circles he is widely 
ninent, being the originator and now the vice- 
lident of the Aero Club of Canada, an executive of 
Toronto Motor Boat Club, a member of the Old 
any Club of Toronto, also the organizer and secretary 
;he Canadian Association of Boat Manufacturers, 
lident of the Canadian Business Publishers' Associa- 
, and a member of the Montreal Press Club. He is 
lember of the Church of the Redeemer (Anglican) 
["oronto. 

[r. Penton married, in the Church of the Redeemer, 
rune 2, 1915, Canon James performing the ceremony, 
ry Ida McLean, who was born at St. Ellen's, Ontario, 
is a daughter of Edward Smyth and Annie (Cotton) 
Lean. Mr. McLean is broadly active in various tim- 
and lumber enterprises in Ontario and Alberta. He is 
ell known business man and financier of Huron 
ity, Ontario, and is an authority on live stock of all 
Is. Mr. and Mrs. Penton have one son, Townley 
Liean, born December 31, 1917. The family reside 
^o. 39 Foxbar road, Toronto. 

EORGE FRANKLIN McFARLAND— As junior 

nber of the firm of Kerr, Davidson, Paterson & 

ii'arland, barristers, of Toronto, George Franklin 

Garland is widely known in this city and Province, 

his name is without doubt more extensively familiar 

eutenant-colonel of the Canadian Military Reserves. 

toel McFarland comes of Irish ancestry in direct 

his mother being a native of Prince Edward county, 

irio. He is a son of William J. and Mary A. (Lazier) 

arland. William J. McFarland came to Canada 

141, and settled in Markdale, Ontario, in 1859, where 

'as engaged as a merchant throughout his lifetime, 

where he died, at an advanced age, in the year 1916. 

)lonel McFarland was born in Markdale, Ontario, 

30, 1880, and received his early education in the 

c schools of his native place. After a course at 

Sound Collegiate Institute, and a further course 

pper Canada College, he entered the University 

jronto, from which he was graduated in the class 

02, with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, three years 

receiving the degree of Bachelor of Laws from the 

institution, finishing his professional preparations 

goode Hall Law School. Called to the bar in 1905, 

lel McFarland became a member of the present 

thin the year, and in this association has since 

led the general practice of law. 

military record of Colonel McFarland began in 

*Jof 1915, when he was appointed musketry officer 

itary District No. 2, with the rank of major. Not 

ifterwards he organized the 147th Grey Battalion, 

"ian Expeditionary Forces, of which he was placed 

mand on December 1, 1915, as lieutenant-colonel. 

|ok this battalion overseas in November of 1916, 

"ore the close of that year it was merged into the 

[anadian Reserve Battalion, still under his com- 

In June of 1917, Colonel McFarland went to 

and reverting to the rank of major, served as 

in command of the 4th Canadian Mounted 

with which he remained until August of 1918, 

Ta he returned to England to take a staff course. 

bhe armistice he was returned to Canada to the 

Pei uarter's Staff at Ottawa, Ontario, as deputy- 

ili idvocate general. In March of 1919 he again 

liB lerank of lieutenant-colonel, and on July 1, 1919, 

iu discharged from active service, and placed on the 

fe e of Officers, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel. 

?«^nel McFarland is a member of the Canadian Bar 

'ition, the Ontario Bar Association and the York 

Law Association. A Conservative in political 



convictions, he has never sought public prominence. 
He is a member of the Canadian Military Institute, 
fraternally holds membership in Ionic Lodge, No. 25, 
Free and Accepted Masons, and the Alpha Delta Phi 
fraternity of the University of Toronto. He keeps in close 
touch with the social life of the universities, is president 
of the Toronto branch of the Upper Canada College Old 
Boys' Association, assisted in organizing the University 
Club, was its president during the first six years of its 
existence, and is still one of its prominent members, and 
he is treasurer of the Hart House Theatre. He is also 
a member of the Royal Canadian Yacht Club, the 
Players' Club, and the Toronto and Eastbourne Golf 
clubs. 

Colonel McFarland married, at Galveston, Texas, 
on April 24, 1909, Pauline Adone, of that city, and they 
have three children: John L., Frances A., and Catherine 
L. The family resides at No. 235 Russell Hill road, and 
they attend St. Paul's Anglican Church. At their 
country place, "Windward" — Lake Simcoe, Colonel 
McFarland finds a broad recreative interest in the 
breeding of fine dogs. His bull terriers have won many 
ribbons at bench shows in all parts of the Continent, 
and he is esteemed as a judge of dogs, having repeatedly 
served in that capacity. 

CHARLES BLAKE JACKSON— Identified in a large 
way with the construction world of Ontario, with 
interests centering in Toronto, C. Blake Jackson is the 
head of the Jackson-Lewis Company, contractors. Of 
Scottish descent on his paternal side, the mother's 
family being Scotch and English, Mr. Jackson is a son 
of Robert and Maria (Fleck) Jackson. The father, 
during his active career, was very prominent, being a 
building contractor and retail dealer in builders' supplies, 
also being a large operator in oil. He has spent the greater 
part of his life in Petrolia, Ontario, where he now resides, 
but is retired from all active business affairs. 

Charles Blake Jackson was born in Petrolia, Ontario, 
and received his early education in the public and high 
schools of his native place. At an early age he became 
interested in the construction activities in which his 
father was engaged, and for a time worked with him 
under the firm name of R. Jackson & Son. Then realizing 
the breadth of opportunity in this general field of 
endeavor, he entered the University of Toronto, Faculty 
of Applied Science, and was graduated from that insti- 
tution in 1907. He then spent one year with J. P. and 
J.W. O'Connor, building contractors of Chicago, Illinois, 
after which he was with the C. Everett Clark Company 
of Chicago, for five years, eventually returning to 
Toronto in 1913, when he established the present 
business. The present office of the company is in the 
Ryrie building. The concern has developed very exten- 
sively, doing a large amount of important construction 
work, the list of their achievements constituting a 
remarkable record for the comparatively short time which 
has elapsed since their organization. 'They specialize in 
industrial plants, office buildings, theatres and hospitals, 
in Toronto and throughout Ontario. Among the import- 
ant contracts they have executed are the Pantages 
Theatre, the Regent Theatre, the Canadian Aeroplanes 
plant, the Military Orthopaedic Hospital, the Farmers' 
Dairy buildings, the Huron and Erie building, and the 
Evening Telegram building, all in Toronto, as well as 
many other business, industrial and institutional struc- 
tures throughout the Province, including the new 
Muskoka Hospital at Giavenhurst. 

As president of this concern Mr. Jackson holds mem- 
bership in the Toronto Builders' Exchange and Con- 
struction Industries, and during 1920 served as president 
of this organization. Politically he is a Conservative, and 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



122 

FtheVBern^ of^enve^ Colorado, and they have two 
S)^ Robert; and Philip. The family home is at No. 
66 Highlands avenue . Toronto. 

•rcNNPTH FERNS MACKENZIE— Prominent in 
.>,^WaM7a"rn^ty of T^onto, Kenneth F.. Mackenzie 
i« «t the head of the law firm of Mackenzie, Roebuck 
% ^Underson He is of Scottish ancestry descended 
from pbneer Btock, long widely known in the Province 

°SS, Mackenzie. Mr. Mackenzie's grandfather, was 
K„^t Strath Ha ladale, Sutherlandshire. Scotland in 
t8M and dted in Nova Scotia in 1849. He emigrated 
1S04, ana aieu u landine at Pictou, Nova Scotia, 

setthng at »'f"'^°^- ^ , ^^ religious faith, and took 
occupaUon, was aman of deep reigi ^^^^.^^ 

KshTemoS in Gaehc^o"^^ groups, of settte^ 

W and «^re While he was still in the prime of life, 
!^^[L ?«, in a heavy winter storm to lead a service that 
g^ fflt must be held he contracted pneumonia, from 

**TTnlh Mackenzie, son of Joseph and Margaret (Bruce) 

^nfal'e^ntwtent and seh^ar^^^^^^^^^^ 
Selor o nTom"miho?lXversity, at faUfax. 
K'scol'^i^ ^e^^ar 1872, -f -^^ f-f^fs-^ ^l 
Mnster's deCTee from the same institution in 187&.. tie 

sSaT Bible Hill, Truro, on lands still occupied by 

'\Inne"h F. Mackenzie, son of Hugh and Jean Walker 
(BSard) Mackenzie, was born in Truro, Nova Scotia 
Octobei 7 1882, and received his early education m the 
pubUc schcils and Colchester Academy, m his native 
Un. Entering D^lhousie University, at Halifax. 1^^ 
graduated from that institution in 1902, ^itb the degree 
of Bachelor of Arts, and received the same degree from 
Harvard University the following year. Upon his gi adua- 
tioTfrom Osgoode Ilall Law School, in Toronto m 1907^ 
he wi callelto the bar, and began practice ^th Jarn^ 
Baird, K.C., Crown attorney, ^^h whom he was id^^^^ 
fied until the death of Mr Baird V^ ^^V " ^!if Rvckman 
Mackenzie was a member of the firm of Ryckman, 
mIcK & Mackenzie, which latei became Ryckman 
A Mackenzie until the year 1917, when he became the 
he^ of tSr^n of Mackenzie & Gordon. The admittance 



of a third partner in 1920 gave this firm the name 

Mackenzie. Roebuck & Gordon. Mr Gordon severed 1 

^nnSn; with the firm and Mr. Saunderson lat 

affiliated himself with Mr. Mackenzie and Mr Roebu 

forming the firm name of Mackenzie Roebuck & Sau 

d™ and as the head of. this firm Mr. Mackenzie m 

holds a leading position in the profession. In pub 

a£ Mr Ma'ck^eazie takes only ^e citizen sintere 

onil fratprnallv he is a member of the Delta oni 

SoodeS He is a member of the University Ch 

the Rosedale Golf Club, the Toronto Winter Club, a 

of the Roval Canadian Yacht Club. . <.„» 

Mr Mackenzie married, at the Rosedale Presbyter 

Church June 23. 1910, Aileen Sinclair, born in Toror 

daughter of Angus SiAclair. Mr. Sinclair w^ a no 

Sy contractor, who built the HaUfax ftSout^^^^^^^ 

raiwav and many miles of the Canadian North. 

includh;g?he Stretch between Toronto and Sudb, 

and from Sudbury to Ottawa, besides many roads 

li importance!^ He ^f,f?fe a member o^ 

Canadian Engineers' .Institute in 1921 Mr h^n 

died in 1921. He married Amie Roe. daughter of Will 

Ardagh Roe, of St. Thomas, who died in 191b Mr 

Mrs. Mackenzie have two soi«: Hugh Sinclair I 

August 2, 1911, now at UPP^^„Canf a College^^a^^^^ 

Angus Blanchard, born July 23, 1917 1 he lamiiy re 

at No. 48 Castle Fran k road, Toront o. 

ROLPH REESOR CORSON-For a numbe- 
veare active in the banking business, Mr. Corson 
becSne identified with the Sovereign Perfumes, 1 
and hL now for thirteen years .served this concer 
pr^id^t. The Corson family IS among the olde 
United Empire Loyalists in Canada. Ihe pat. 
granlfathS^'^of Mr. Wn. Henry Ryan Corson 
one of the founders of the National Club, of lor 
a prominent journalist and respected citizen. His fa 
Rev Robert Corson, of Toronto, was one of the 
Methodist ministers in Ontario, and was very 
taowXrou^ghout the Province He w^aciront 

Mr. Corson's parents were both bom in MarK 
Ontario He is a son of Robert John and Catl 
(MuTeT Corson, his father a well \nown journal 
RolDhReesor Corson was born in Markham. On 
JanuS 31 1881 Receiving a broadly p.ractical e 
tionKe public schools and collegiate institute 
naSvT Dlace Mr. Corson's first business positio: 
^th the Standard Bank, of Stouffville as a junior 
He followed the banking business Jor twelve 
a,frin^ the ereater part of the time acting, as ma 
InWlO he became identified with the National L 
Company! of Toronto, with which concern he ren 
fo? a yeaV and a half, resigning to form the f 
^ociation with the S.overeign Periumes Ltd 
cOTicern was organized in April of 1906. the offlt 
?hat time beingls follows: Thomas Kennedy prd 
Alexander Nelson, vice-president, and v^.V. <■ 
secretary and treasurer. The plant was then 1 
at the corner of Queen street and Dunn avenue, 
general line of perfumery was manufactured Mr. 
became president of the company with his first f 
tfon as a member, and has been actively connect, 
ils mlnag^m^nt since. In 1912 a .new modem 
wL built at No. 146 Brock avenue, in which the t 
fe now located In 1918 William F. Corson wa 
^ce-priident. The concern now manufact 
Tddition to perfumes a very complete line o 
reauisites It is the largest concern m its field in 
wholly owned by Canadian investors.. and is the 
manufaZrer. it is understood, of toilet creaw, 
nominion In addition to the above, Mr Cor 
direXTn the Collapsible Tubes and Container 



■?a'9« thwfirm t';. 

Aunderson Utt' 



I. Mr. 8v5* 
'"•"rof W». 
6. Mr.>' 



Toronto. 



f»rved tn 



■•-'long I...- 
. /o The 

the Nati 
•,nd reapeci 

t Toronto, was or; 

, Ontario, and v, 
^'Tovince 
were i 



r. The p!tir.', W3. 

'. street and Dum^. 
geuui^. rywasmanuls.^*"" 

became le company ws 

jiree tir •...= *,.*., ^uir- 

irom tt- 



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' * 



»■)' 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



123 



nd a director of the Boiler Inspection and Insurance 
Company, Ltd. He is also president of Ptint-Craft, Ltd. 
n his official capacity, Mr. Corson is a member of the 
anadian Manufacturers' Association, and of the 
'oronto Boaid of Trade. Fraternally, he holds member- 
lip in the Free atid Accepted Masons and the Royal 
rch Masons, and his social connections include mem- 
ership in the Rotary, Old Colony and Empire clubs, 
hd the Mississauga Golf and Country Club. He is a 
lember of the Anglican church. 

' Mr. Corson married, in 1912, Augusta Caut, who was 
)rn in Toronto, January 24, 1894, and they are the 
vrents of four children: Rolph Rymer, Virginia Augusta, 
orothy Jane, and Catherine Martha. 

WILLIAM H. WALTON-BALL, D.D.S.— A descen- 
mt of the Ball family that came to Canada in the 
rly days. Dr. William H. Walton-Ball traces his 
icestry to remote times in England. His Canadian 
icestors were among the first settlers at Port Hope, 
'itario, the early records showing them as land owners 
that place in June, 1793. He was born in the family 
■me, Revelstoke Manor, at Port Hope, October 25, 
79, son of Albert and Anna (Harris) Walton-Ball. 
Dr. Walton-Ball received his education in the public 
Sriools, and after his graduation from high school, 
iitriculated at the Royal Dental College of Toronto. 
h completed a full term of study at this school and then 
loceeded to the Chicago Dental College, from which 
1 was graduated in 1902, with the degree of Doctor of 
Imtal Surgery. He returned to Canada and resumed 
h studies at the Royal Dental College, of Toronto. 
1; was graduated from this institution in 1903 and 
sirtly afterwards established himself as a general 
petitioner in Toronto, with an office at No. 22 College 
seet, his present address. 

Dr. Walton-Ball is a member of the Church of St. 
hry Magdalene. He is very much interested in genealo- 
gal and historical matters, and has a taste for antiques. 
I has one of the largest collections of rare early Victor- 
ia engravings in the city. He finds recreation in outdoor 
S)rts, and is an active member of the Lake Shore 
Cuntry Club. He also belongs to the Ontario Club, 
ai is a member of the United Empire Loyalist Associa- 
t:a of Canada. He is a Mason, and belongs to Wilson 
Lige, No. 86, P. and A. M. 

>. Walton-Ball married, in June, 1906, Edna Conant, 
dighter of Thomas and Margaret (Gifford) Conant, 
oOshawa, Ontario. Dr. and Mrs. Walton-Ball have 
tlee children: Horace, who was born in 1907; Eric, who 
Wi bom in 1909; and Eleanor, who was born in 1914. 
Ta Walton-Ball town residence is at No. 344 Palmerston 
bilevard, and they also have a country home, "Harris 
Lige", at Newcastle. 



field, and has been responsible for development along 
strongly constructive lines. 

Mr. Thomson married, in September, 1906, Helen 
Stratford, of Brantford, Ontario, daughter of Joseph 
Stratford, her father a prominent manufacturer. Mr. 
and Mrs. Thomson have two children: Woodburn, and 
Garth. 



lOBERT GEORGE OSBORNE THOMSON— 

A a boy of fourteen years Mr. Thomson entered the 
S€nce of a private banking house, and since that time 
alof his business career has been in connection with 
ftmcial and investment lines, his present office being 
tit of president of the Canadian Land and Investment 
C npany. 

le is a son of George and Jessie Thomson, residents 

oflamilton, Ontario, and was born in Gait, November 

'SHI. His education was obtained in the schools of 

ngton, Ontario, and as a youth he entered the 

y of Counsell, Glassco & Company, later forming 

^sociation with the Hamilton Provident Loan 

•y. Subsequently, he was connected with the 

■■ial Bank of Canada, in Toronto, and later formed 

inadian Land and Investment Company, of which 

uis president. This company is highly rated in its 



SAMUEL ROGERS, a native of Toronto, and since 
1914 a member of the legal fraternity of the city, is a 
member of a family dating to 1800 in Ontario, where 
his English ancestors settled. He is a son of Joseph 
P. and Jessie (Carlyle) Rogers, his father born in North 
York, Ontario, in 1856. Joseph P. Rogers came to 
Toronto in 1876, engaged in the oil business under the 
firm name of Samuel Rogers & Company, a concern 
which was later merged with the Queen City Oil Com- 
pany, and now lives retired. 

Samuel Rogers was born in Toronto, in October, 1889, 
and obtained his preparatory education in the Toronto 
Model School, then received the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts from the University of Toronto in 1911. In 1914 
he was graduated LL.B. from the Osgoode Hall Law 
School, and, called to the bar in that year, has since 
been successfully engaged in general practice. Mr. 
Rogers is a member of the Ontario Bar Association, has 
built up a substantial practice, and has represented his 
clientele in considerable important litigation. He is a 
member of the Ontario Club. In religious belief, he is 
a member of the Society of Friends. 

Mr. Rogers married, in Toronto, in 1918, Gertrude 
Wright, daughter of Thomas Wright, of Toronto, and 
they are the parents of two children: Joseph Ross, and 
Allan David. The family home is at No. 21 Humewood 
Drive, and their summer residence at Point Au Baril, 
Ontario. 



WALTER EDWIN LEAR— As a writer on legal 
subjects and author of standard law books of value, 
and as a barrister in active practice, Walter Edwin Lear 
is, to quote a contemporary: "Doing a great work for the 
profession." He descends from one of the oldest existing 
French Canadian families, dating back to the middle of 
the seventeenth century. His great-grandfather, Francis 
L'6veill6, fought with the Canadian regiment of Fen- 
cibles during the War of 1812, while his grandfather, 
Joseph Lear, and his great-uncle, John Lear, served on 
the Loyalist side during the rebellion in Upper Canada, 
1837-38. On the maternal side his ancestry dates in 
America to 1665, when Colonel Henry Darnall and his 
brother John, sons of Sir Philip Darnall, London, 
England, landed in Maryland as officials of that colony 
under Lord Baltimore. 

Walter Edwin Lear, third son of James and Mary 
Susan (Darnall) Lear, was born in Piano, Illinois, Octo- 
ber 23, 1879, and there the first ten years of his life were 
passed. In 1889 he came to Canada, and until 1908, 
Brighton, Ontario, was his home. After completing 
public school study in Brighton High School, he com- 
pleted classical courses at Trinity University, Toronto, 
and law courses at Ontario Law School. He began the 
practice of law in Brighton in 1907 as a barrister, and 
there continued until 1908, when he removed to Toronto, 
which city has since been his home, the seat of his law 
practice, and the scene of his literary and editorial 
labors. 

In addition to the exactions of a private law practice, 
Mr. Lear was the editor of "The Ontario Weekly Re- 
porter," a popular series of law reports. Vols. 14-27 
(1909-1917), and the author and publisher of several 
valuable law books which have become standard works 
of authority. Among these works are: "A Digest of 



124 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



Canadian Case Law," 1900-1916, 6 vols.; "Privy Council 
Appeal Cases," 1807-1913, 24 vols.; "Banks and Banking 
in Canada;" "Practical Guide to Canadian Company 
Laws;" "Annotated edition of Canadian Criminal 
Code;""Ontario Land Laws;" and works on the law of 
Oaths and Bills of Exchange. He is president of the 
Prudential Financiers Limited (1921), and president of 
Law Books Company, Limited, both Toronto corpora- 
tions. He is a member of the Masonic order and of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He is a member of 
the Anglican church, and a Liberal in politics, although 
in 1911 he voted with the Conservatives on the Reciproc- 
ity issue. 

Mr. Lear married, in September, 1906, Ethel Kathleen 
Appleton, daughter of H. P. Appleton, of Unionville, 
Ontario. Mr. and Mrs. Lear are the parents of Walter 
Byron; Edwin Oscar; Mary Ethel Kathleen; and Harvey 
James Lear. 

JOSEPH E. THOMPSON— A member of the Ontario 
Legislature, a veteran of the World War, and a former 
official of the city of Toronto, Mr. Thompson was born 
at Toronto, July 19, 1867, son of Joseph and Isabella 
(Fleming) Thompson. He was educated in the public 
schools of Toronto and at Jarvis Collegiate Institute. 
He entered the field of business at the early age of seven- 
teen as a junior clerk in the haberdashery department 
of A. R. McMaster & Brothers, wholesale dealers in 
dry goods. Although he was not destined to become a 
dry goods merchant, Mr. Thompson laid the foundation 
of a successful career in his first position by acquiring a 
knowledge of business methods. He spent four years with 
the McMasters, but finally left the firm in order to 
accept a position as clerk in the office of the city treasurer. 
He spent nearly twenty years in the treasury depart- 
ment of the city government and was then, in 1907, 
appointed commissioner of industry and publicity, 
serving Toronto in this capacity until 1910. During the 
long period of his service to the city Mr. Thompson 
witnessed many changes and improvements in the life 
around him. He was brought into close contact not only 
with the affairs of Toronto but, in a wider sense, with 
those of all Canada. He saw the large increase in business 
and the growing importance of Canada as a nation that 
occurred in the period immediately preceding the World 
War and he witnessed the stirring of the national spirit 
that flowered so triumphantly at the call to arms. 

Although he had established himself in business as 
an insurance broker upon his resignation from the city 
service in 1910, Mr. Thompson was recalled to office as 
city controller in the second year of the war, and added 
another twelve months to his record. Early in 1916_he 
carried out his determination to enlist in the Canadian 
army, so joined the colors. He received a captain's 
commission in the Canadian Infantry and was sent over- 
seas on active service. He served continuously there- 
after until the end of the war and was then sent into 
Germany as a member of the Canadian Army of Occu- 
pation. He received his discharge from the service in 
May, 1919. In October of the same year he was elected 
to the Legislature as representative for Northeast 
Toronto, an office he continues to hold. Mr. Thompson 
also resumed his insurance business upon his return 
to Toronto. In religious faith, he is a Methodist. He 
holds membership in the Albany Club, also the Granite 
Club. 

Mr. Thompson married (first) October 25, 1898, Ida 
M. Wilkinson, daughter of W. C. Wilkinson. On October 
18, 1921, he married (second) Ellen Margaret Mahr, 
of Amprior, Ontario. The family residence is at No. 
395 Carlton street. 



ELMORE HARRIS SENIOR— Called to thi 

in 1913, Mr. Senior has, since 1915, been engap 
independent legal practice along general lines in 1 
to, and has honorable standing in his profession 
is also widely known through his activity in 
championship competition, and has a wide cir 
friends in the Toronto district. 

Mr. Senior is a descendant of an English f 
settled in Exeter, Ontario, in 1835, by his ^andpa 
and son of Joseph and Almena (Wood) Senior, his : 
corporation treasurer and clerk of Exeter. 

Elmore Harris Senior was born in Exeter, Mari 
1889, and there attended grammar and high sc 
then proceeded to the University College of the 
versity of Toronto, where he was graduated Bach* 
Arts in 1910. He completed his course in the Os 
Hall Law School in 1913, and until 1915 was asso 
with the firm of Wherry & Macbeth, in the lattei 
establishing alone. He has served as counsel in all 
of civil cases and has made an excellent record. ¥. 
member of the Ontario Bar Association, the Dor 
Bar Association, and the Commercial Law Leap 
America, also, from his college years, being a mem 
the University of Toronto chapter of the Psi Del 
fraternity. Mr. Senior has long been a tennis de 
and in addition to enjoying high rating in the lists 
Dominion is active in tennis organization as seci 
of the Canadian Lawn Tennis Association and as di 
of the Toronto Lawn Tennis Club. He is a member 
Ontario Jockey Club and the Thornhill Golf and Co 
Club. 

Mr. Senior married, in Toronto, June 23, 
Cecil Mary McLaughlin, and they are the parei 
two children: Thomas Harris and Harriett Ji 



DR. WILLIAM ERNEST DEAN— Engaged i 
practice of medicine for upwards of a quarter of a cei 
Dr. Dean has won a prominent position throug 
pursuit of special lines of medical science. He is a 
Armstrong and Ella (Crawder) Dean, early res 
of Morpeth, Kent county, Ontario, later of To 
the father having been active in the insurance bu 
in this city for a period of thirty-five years. 

Dr. Dean was born in Morpeth, February 21, 
and his education included courses at the Ridg 
Collegiate Institute, at the Jarvis street and Jai 
avenue collegiate institutes of Toronto, at N 
University, of Montreal, and at Trinity Univ( 
of Toronto. He was graduated from Trinity in the 
of 1898, and soon after began the jjractice of me 
in Tillsonburg, Ontario, remaining in that locatii 
about seven years. Returning to Toronto in 190! 
Dean established his office here, and has since speci 
in genito-urinary, skin and rectal troubles, and is mi 
with marked success. Enlisting for service in the ' 
War, Dr. Dean served overseas in the Royal 
Medical Corps, and was also in the merchant s 
on transport duty. By way of relaxation Dr. 
has long been interested in cricket, and has become 
in this game, representing Canada in International | 
with the United States. He is past president < 
Canadian Cricket Association, past president o 
Ontario Cricket Association, and has long been a mi 
of the Toronto Cricket Club. He is a member ( 
Granite Club, of the Mississauga Golf Club, and i 
Thornhill Golf Club. 

Dr. Dean married, on April 29, 1903, Ida M. 1 
imer, of Woodstock, Ontario, daughter of George ] 
imer, of that city. 

HERBERT JOHN SHORTLY DENNISON- 

of the leading solicitors in the patent field is Mr. I 



I 



-*t 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



125 



1, whose experience has placed him in an advantageous 
^ition for this particular branch of legal work, 
loseph Hartley Dennison, Mr. Dennison's father, 
s born in Leeds, England, and came to Canada as a 
ang man about 1860. He was a talented solo tenor, 
li throughout his lifetime was engaged in operatic 
(1 concert singing. He was widely known in musical 
;,:les, sang in the original Laurier Quartet, and was 
"y highly esteemed; he died in 1900. He married 
iinie Coulter, who was born in Canada and still 
vives him, residing in Toronto. 

lerbert J. S. Dennison was born in Toronto, Novem- 
> 28, 1879, and received his early education in the 
))lic schools of his native city. From boyhood he was 
1 ply interested in mechanics and early determined 
,( dentify himself with this field of endeavor, from the 
I le of the patent solicitor. For the purpose of more 
1 roughly fitting himself for the intelligent handling of 
rsntions, he secured practical mechanical experience 
!(ering several years of activity in the industries, 
liig engineering lines. He was a member of the exper- 
rntal staff of the Canada Cycle & Motor Company 
ci considerable period, and served as assistant mechan- 
c engineer with the Canada Foundry Company. 
i" thermore, Mr. Dennison spent five years in a patent 
it.rney's office. By private study, largely pursued 
h ng his connection with the world of practical mechan- 
C! he prepared for his professional activities as patent 
itrney, and began practice in 1904. He has developed 
I 'ry extensive business throughout Canada and also 
n le United States, his clientele including many of the 
H't prominent manufacturers in both countries, and he 
la associate connections with the principal countries 
)f le world on the other continents. 

1 connection with his work in this field Mr. Denni- 

io:is a member of the American Patent Law Associa- 

ic and is registered in the United States patent 

>ff|;. Fraternally he is a member of Zetland Lodge, 

■•T('"29, Free and Accepted Masons. Mr. Dennison is 

her of the Engineers' Club, is a charter member 

Rotary Club, is a life member of the Parkdale 

a > Club, and is a member of the Lake Shore Country 

!i . Widely interested in the public advance in every 

of citizenship, he is a member of the Social Service 

i ssion, and also of the Toronto Boy Life Council. 

member of the Presbyterian church. 

Dennison married, in Toronto, on October 25, 

i.iUian, daughter of Willoughby Power, of this 

id they are the parents of four children: Hartley 

John Carter; Helen Lillian; and Gordon Wil- 

: . They reside at No. 135 Springhurst avenue. 



^ (lARLES ADAMS— Founded in 1850, the Adams 

'r( iprs Harness Manufacturing Company, Ltd., has 

the contributing factors to its prosperity and 

the efforts of three generations of the Adams 

the founder, Henry J. Adams, his son, Charles 

now president, and the sons of Charles Adams, 

• active in the work of the company. Charles 

has spent his mature years in this organization, 

in years as head of the branch in Brandon, Mani- 

id since 1896 as executive head of the company. 

'owing outline of his busy life touches upon his 

tial business achievements and his participation 

ic affairs. 

y John Adams, his father, was born in I'oole, 

hire, England, and in 1846 settled in Norwich, 

His death occurred in Toronto, in March, 1907, 

ifetime spent in the business whose story follows. 

,— .i Adams was born in Norwich, Ontario, February 

'. ^57, son of Henry John and Jane (Brown) Adams. 



After attending public schools he became a student in 
Dundas Methodist College, and in 1875 made his start 
in the harness manufacturing line under his father's 
instruction. The elder Adams had founded this business 
in Norwich, and in 1885 came to Toronto, his first 
location on York street, between King and Adelaide 
streets. In 1887 the business was moved to King street, 
East; in 1900 the block on the corner of King and Freder- 
ick streets was built; and in 1917 the modern factory 
at 791-797 King street, West was occupied. This is a six 
story building with one hundred and ten thousand square 
feet of floor space, used for manufacturing departments 
and as a warehouse. The company was incorporated in 
1904, and its present line is harness, saddles, blankets, 
collars, and a wide variety of leather goods. Branches are 
maintained at Winnipeg, Saskatoon, Edmonton and 
Calgary. 

In 1881 Charles Adams went to Brandon City, 
Manitoba, to establish a branch of the house, and re- 
mained there in successful charge of this branch until 
1896. During his residence in Brandon City he partici- 
pated actively in public affairs, filling a place on the 
Board of Alderman, and serving as mayor of the city. 
In 1885 he was elected to the Provincial Parliament as 
representative of the city of Brandon, and until 1896 
was a member of this body, ably and faithfully represent- 
ing his constituency at the seat of government at Winni- 
peg. In 1896 Mr. Adams returned to Toronto and 
assumed the central management of the company's 
business. From that date he has directed its extensive 
affairs, and through untiring effort and wise direction 
has brought to it the proud position as one of the largest 
organizations of its kind in Canada. Throughout the 
three-quarters of a century of the company's history, 
its products have been recognized as the most depend- 
able manufactured, and an organization worthy of the 
excellent line produced, has grown up under Mr. Adams' 
presidency. The history of the organization is unique in 
that labor troubles have never jeopardized its prosperity, 
and in the nearly three-quarters of a century of its 
existence, a strike has never interrupted good feeling 
or operation. Absolute harmony prevails in every rela- 
tion between officials and employers, a bonus system for 
service is in effect, and in 1921 the employees decided 
upon and voluntarily put into effect a wage cut. He 
is a rnember of the Board of Trade and the Ontario Club, 
and is allied with progressive forces in the city. Mr. 
Adams physical vigor is remarkable and in all of his 
sixty-five years he has never been under a doctor's 
care even for brief treatment. He does not use glasses, 
and attributes his fitness to youthful athletic activity 
and to correct habits of life in mature years. This bodily 
alertness, with equal mental strength, has enabled him 
to accomplish vast amounts of work without ill effect. 
Mr. Adams is held in high regard in his community 
as a citizen and man of affairs. His political features 
are Liberal, and he is a communicant of the Methodist 
church. 

He married, in Stratford, Ontario, in 1881, Clara 
Filey, of that place, and they are the parents of: Clara 
liouise, who married Victor M. Shaver, a barrister of 
Hamilton, Ontario; Lome Henry; Stanley Victor; and 
Russell Albert, all of the sons directors of the company 
and members of its administrative personnel. 

GEORGE THEOPHILUS WALSH— For the past 
nine years the name of George T. Walsh has gained 
increasing significance in legal circles in Toronto and 
vicinity, and as a member of the law firm of Gilchrist 
& Walsh, he now holds a noteworthy position in the 
profession. Mr. Walsh comes of Irish descent on his 
father's side, his maternal ancestry being English, and 



126 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



he is a son of James Wesley and Charlotte Maria (Payne) 
Walsh, his father, who is deceased, having been for many 
years a merchant of Millbrook, Ontario, and thus 
engaged until his death. 

George Theophilus Walsh was born in Millbrook, 
Ontario, October 30, 1890, and received his early edu- 
cation in the public and high schools of that community. 
Preparing for his chosen profession at Osgoode Hall Law 
School, he was called to the Ontario bar in May of 1913, 
and became a member of the firm of Singer, Walsh & 
Ford. Later his career was interrupted, as has been the 
case with so many young men of the present day, by 
the Great World War, and his enlistment in the Canadian 
army in 1916. Holding the rank of lieutenant, he served 
until 1919, when he received his honorable discharge 
from the service and returned to his practice. His 
professional activity has been thus far along general 
lines of litigation, and he has won an assured place in the 
profession in Ontario. Mr. Walsh is a member of the 
Ontario Bar Association and of the York County Law 
Association. Politically, he supports the Conservative 
party, and he is a member of the Methodist church. 

Mr. Walsh married, in Toronto, in September, 1921, 
Anna Todd, and they reside at No. 14 Oriole Gardens. 



LUKIN HOMFRAY IRVING— Prominent among 
the citizens of Toronto is Lukin Homfray Irving, second 
son of Sir Aemilius Irving, who has devoted most of his 
life to public service, giving freely of his ability, time and 
energy to the furtherance of various projects for the 
advancement of the public welfare. 

Sir Aemilius Irving, father of Mr. Irving, was a son of 
the late Hon. Jacob Aemilius, L.M.L.C., Canada, who 
served in the 13th Light Dragoons, and was present at 
the battle of Waterloo, witnessing the defeat of Napoleon 
in 1815. He came to Canada in 1834, bringing with 
him his wife, Catherine Diana Irving, daughter of Sir 
Jere Homfray, Llandaff House, Glamorganshire. Sir 
Aemilius Irving was born in Leamington, England, in 
1823, and received his education at the Upper Canada 
Colltge, and his professional education in Toronto Uni- 
versity, from which he received the degree of Doctor 
of Laws in 1905. He began piactice as a banister in 
1849, and was made a King's Counsel in 1863. In 1874 
he became a Bencher of the Law Society, of which latter 
organization he was made treasuier in 1893. He was 
known as the "Nestor" of the bar of Ontario, and was 
successfully engaged in practice for many years in 
Hamilton. He was on many occasions Crown prosecutor; 
served on various loyal commissions; was counsel for 
Ontario in arbitration for settlement of disputed accounts 
between the Dominion and the governments of Ontario 
and Quebec; appeared for Ontario before the judicial 
committee of the Privy Council in the fisheries case; 
represented the Ontario bar at the American Law Assoc- 
iation meeting in 1899; and was knighted in 1906. He 
also held various positions and responsibilities of impor- 
tance. He was a member of the board of directors of the 
Toronto General Trusts Corporation; president cf the 
York Old Boys' Association; and of the Veteran Free 
Masons' Association, by which he was presented with 
testimonials from the brethren in 1907. Politically, he 
gave his support to the Liberal party. He married at 
Montreal, in June, 1851, Augusta Louisa Gugy, who 
died in 1892, daughter of the late Colonel Gugy, member 
of Parliament for the Province of Canada, and among 
their children was Lukin Homfray, of whom further. 

Lukin Homfray Irving, second son of Sir Aemilius 
and Augusta Louisa (Gugy) Irving, was born at Gait, 
Ontario, October 19, 1855. He received his early education 
at the Gait Grammar School, and then went to Switzer- 
land, where he enteied the Kidgen Polytecknicum, at 



Zurich. Upon the completion of his work in that ii 
tion, he entered the Royal Military College at Kir 
wheie he was awarded the sword of honor for co 
drills, and discipline. He entered the Ontaric 
seivice in 1880 as clerk in the provincial agen 
Liverpool, England, where he remained for a 
of two years. At the end of that time he retun 
Ontario, and enteied the Ontario government ; 
as secretary, in which office he remained for many 
In 1903 he was appointed assistant provincial c 
registiar. During this time he was also active in m 
circles; in 1884 he was commissioned a lieutenant 
Canadian Artillery, which rank he held until 
when he resigned. He was instrumental in the org 
tion of the Ontario Artillery Association in 18 
which he has since been secretary; and in associatio 
General Otter, C.B. (Companion of the Bath) 
lished the Canadian Military Institute, of which 1 
honorary secretary-treasurer in 1898, and later sec 
and librarian. He was also active in the organ! 
of the Royal Military College Club, in 1885, of wh 
was president foi several years. He is an honora 
member of the Anglo-American Boating Clu 
Switzerland; and a councillor of the executive com 
of the Dominion Artilleiy Association. With all 
numerous and varied activities and responsibilitie 
Irving has been a frequent contributor to the press 
the pen name "Linchpin," and published in 1 
work entitled "Officers of the British Forces in C 
During the War, 1812-1815." In 1920 he was app 
a member of the Ontario public service supeiann' 
board, lepiesenting the Liberal party. 

Mr. Irving is an authority on Canadian m 
histoiy and records, and his contributions to the 
and to the magazines include many articles on the 
wais. As an efficient and faithful public official 
man of integrity of character and strength of pu 
and as a worthy friend and associate, Mr. Irving i; 
highly esteemed in the Province of Ontario. He i 
greatly loved and admired by a large group of pe 
friends who know him best in private life and hone 
for those qualities which are the bulwark of the n 

On February 7, 1882, Lukin H. Irving married I 
Stockwell, daughter of F. W. and Ellen (Tatum) i 
well. Mrs. Irving's father was the owner of the Fror 
Smelting Works. Mr. and Mrs. Irving are the p: 
of three children: Helen Louisa Homfray, deci 
Maigaret Diana Homfray, married Lieutenant-C 
E. W. Clifford, of Ancaster, Ontario; and Jacob Ae 
Homfray, who married Margery Lambe; he is ass 
manager of the Dominion Bank, at Vancouver, B 
Columbia, and served in the Canadian Army durii 
World War, and was the payma.ster of the 201st 
ment. 



HARRY A. COLSON— A banker by professior 
Colson has a special knowledge of public financ 
agencv work. He was born at Guelph, Ontario, 1 
20, 1875, son of Henry and Margaret (Hall) C 
He received his education in public and private » 
and enteied his chosen field of business at the 
age of seventeen. His purpose being to acquire a 
knowledge of financial methods, he progressed fro 
department of the work to another and finally d 
to specialize in bonds, debentures, and the _bi 
of a general financial agency. He established him 
an independent broker and has been very sue 
in the conduct of this exacting business. Mr. 
finds relief from business cares in outdoor sports, 
an active member of the Rosedale Golf Club, the T 
Hunt Club, and the Toronto Skating Club. B 
member of the Church of England. 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



127 



Mr. Colson mairied, in 1906, Dorothy Delano- 
iborne, daughter of James and Julia Alice (Bell) 
elano-Osborne. Mr. and Mis. Colson have four 
ildren: Margaret Alice, Harry Osborne, and James 
id Joan, twins. 

CHARLES N. HALDENBY— Born in the Dominion, 
old English stock, and having spent his best years in 
jronto, which has always been the one city in the world 
r him, Mr. Haldenby, the president of the Sanderson 
;arcy Company, may be regarded as a typical Canadian 
isiness man. He was born at Whitby, Ontario, in the 
ar 1862, son of William and Sarah (Wilson) Haldenby. 
His father had him privately prepared for college and 
tered him as a student at Whitby Collegiate Institute 
an unusually early age. A keen-minded and energetic 
: ident, he made the most of the educational advantages 
lit were offered to him at this fine school, and was 
jiduated at the youthful age of seventeen. Immediately 
ler this event Mr. Haldenby came to Toronto to seek 
nusiness career. He was fortunate in having an oppor- 
tiity to enter the office of Sanderson Pearcy & Com- 
iny, a firm which had been organized by his brother- 
ilaw, Mr. Pearcy, to carry on the business of manu- 
f turing paints and oils. Mr. Haldenby found his posi- 
tn with this firm agreeable and applied himself with 
ciracteristic energy and resourcefulness to every 
piblem that came his way. He studied the manufactur- 
ii processes employed by the firm, and as time went 
built up an expert and authoritative knowledge of this 
u)ortant branch of manufacturing. He rose rapidly, 
p sing from one position of trust to another, shouldering 
n vy responsibilities at an age when most men are still 
a^'oUege, or undecided in their choice of a career. In 
17, when Mr. Pearcy died, after fifty years of devotion 
t( he business he had founded, Mr. Haldenby was able 
tttake his place. As president of the coinpany, Mr. 
Hdenby carries on the business according to the 
triition established during the years of its growth 
frn a small beginning to its present sound and sub- 
stitial position in the manufacturing world. As befits 
a an of his temperament and experience, he has unlim- 
"aith in the future of Canada and foresees an era of 
: prosperity for Toronto, when the dislocation of 
oiness caused by the World War has been remedied, 
at the ordinary processes of trade are restored. 

;lr. Haldenby is a member of the Central Methodist 

Orch. He is a Mason, and belongs to Ashlar Lodge. 

T ^ also a member of the National Club, and finds his 

recreation in motoring and boating. His city home 

..■> . No 92 Bloor street. West. 

!e married Grace Eva Trotter, daughter of the late 

^* -or Trotter, of Toronto. Mrs. Haldenby's mother 

Kate (Ellis) Trotter. Mr. and Mrs. Haldenby have 

children; Eric Wilson, Robert Ellis, Charles Nor- 

. Jr., Doris, Kate, who was named for her maternal 

imother, Grace, and Ruth. Mr. Haldenby's three 

vere engaged in active service in France during the 

(1 War, and served with great distinction. 

ic Wilson Haldenby, who was born June 5, 1893, 

waan undergraduate with the class of 1917 at the Uni- 

' "' ty of Toronto, faculty of applied science, during the 

part of the war. He received his first military 

ing with the Canadian Officers' Training Corps of 

University. He was commissioned lieutenant 

rossed to England with the Ninety-second Highland 

ilion. On July 12, 1916, he was transferred to the 

I nth Battalion (Forty-eighth Highlanders) and sent 

ance. On October 10, 1916, he was reported wound- 

•^ome time later, he was appointed adjutant of the 

enth Battalion, and promoted to the rank of captain. 



He was awarded the Military Cross, in recognition of 
his courage on the field. 

Robert Ellis Haldenby, who was born June 27, 1894, 
was commissioned lieutenant in the Forty-eighth 
Highlanders in January, 1916. He served for two years 
in Canada, and in March, 1918, went overseas as lieuten- 
ant with a draft from the First Depot Battalion, First 
Central Ontario Regiment. Later, he was sent to the 
Fifteenth Battalion, (Forty-eighth Highlanders), in 
France. Like his brother, Eric Wilson Haldenby, he was 
awarded the Military Cross. 

Charles Norman Haldenby, Jr., who was born October 
4, 1897, enlisted with the Sixty-seventh University Bat- 
tery in July, 1916. In October of the same year, he went 
overseas with a draft from the Battery, and served for 
nineteen months in the Artillery in France. In August, 
1918, he was wounded by gun shot, and finally invalided 
home, where he entirely recovered his health. 



ARTHUR RUSSELL NESBITT— With compre- 
hensive preparation for his chosen profession, Mr. 
Nesbitt is achieving success as the head oi the well 
known law firm of Nesbitt, Markham & Sheard. Mr. 
Nesbitt comes of a family long resident in Canada, and 
is a son of George McQuade and Letitia Jane Nesbitt. 
His father was for years active as a civil servant. 

Arthur Russell Nesbitt was born in the township of 
Cartwright, in the county of Durham, Ontario, Feb- 
ruary 1, 1884. First attending the public school in his 
native place, he thereafter attended the Victoria and 
Wellesley public schools of Toronto, then after a prepara- 
tory course at the Jarvis Street Collegiate Institute of 
this city, he took a course at Trinity University, and 
completed his preparations at Osgoode Hall Law 
School. Meanwhile Mr. Nesbitt was with Louis F. 
Hayd, K.C., as law student, then was with McLaughlin. 
Johnson, Moorehead & Company for three years. 
Called to the bar in 1910, he has since carried forward a 
general practice, and for some years has been at the 
head of the present firm. 

In civic affairs Mr. Nesbitt has been brought forward 
into prominence. A well known Conservative, he is 
president of the Fourth Ward Liberal-Conservative 
Association, is vice-president of the Centre and South 
Conservative Club, and is an officer in the Central 
Liberal-Conservative Association. He has served as 
alderman for five years, and was elected to the Board 
of Control on January 1, 1921. Fraternally Mr. Nesbitt 
is past master of McKinley Lodge, No. 275, Loyal Orange 
Lodge, of Cornatti Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, 
of Brunswick Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
of the Canadian Order of Foresters, and of Court McCall, 
Independent Order of Foresters, exalted ruler of the Do- 
minion order of Elks, and president of the Hanlans 
Point Association. He is a member of the Church of 
England. 

Mr. Nesbitt married, in Toronto, July 16, 1914, 
Sadie Harrison Brown, daughter of William John and 
Sarah Brown. 

PERCY GORDON BROWN, B.A., M.B.— Dr. 

Brown is a son of William and Mary Norah (Logan) 
Brown, long residents of Grey county, Ontario, the 
father having been for years a m.agistrate and Division 
Couvt clerk at Markdale. 

Dr. Brown was born in Markdale, December 17, 
1884, and until ten years of age attended the public 
schools of his native town. For three years thereafter 
he attended the Bathurst Street School of Toronto, then 
entered the Harbord Collegiate Institute, from which he 
was graduated in 1902. Entering the University of 
Toronto, he received his arts degree in 1906, and his 



128 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



medical degiee in 1908, both from that institution. 
Serving as interne at the Butterworth Hospital, at 
Grand Rapids, Michigan, during 1908-09, Dr. Brown 
then returned to Ontario, and locating at Coe Hill 
in Hastings county, practiced for about two years. He 
then took up post-graduate work in New York City at 
the Lying-in Hospital, also spending some months in 
study at the Post-Graduate Hospital in New York. 
Returning to Toronto, he established his office in the 
East End in 1913, but was one of the first of the Canadian 
physicians to enlist for service overseas the following 
year. 

Assigned to No. 2 Canadian Field Ambulance with 
the rank of captain. Dr. Brown served in that connection 
until September 15, 1916, when he was detailed for special 
medical work at No. 86, The Strand, London, England, 
from that date, and remained there until March, 1917. 
For seven months thereafter he was in command of the 
I.O.D.E. Hospital, in London, then from November, 
1917, was lieutenant-colonel in command of No. 2 
Casualty Clearing Station until demobilization, from 
June, 1919, being in command of the Base Hospital at 
Toronto. In Impeiial recognition of his services to the 
Empire, the military decoration of the Order of the Brit- 
ish Empire was conferred upon Dr. Brown, and he also 
received the French Croix de Guerre. Since 1920 Dr. 
Brown has been division surgeon of the Grand Trunk 
railway. Fraternally Dr. Brown holds membership in 
the Free and Accepted Masons, is a member of the Cana- 
dian Club, the University Club, and the Weston Golf 
and Country Club. His church affiliation is with the 
Bloor Street Presbyterian Church. 

Dr. Brown married, in St. Pancras Church, London, 
England, on June 2, 1916, Margaret Dandridge Williams, 
daughter of Alfred B. Williams, of Richmond, Virginia, 
and they have one son, John Herbert Brown. The 
family reside at No. 654 Huron street. 



REV. EDWARD WALSH, pastor of St. Patricks' 
Church, was born at Montreal, March 29, 1880, son of 
Richard and Mary (Morrow) Walsh. His father was bom 
at St. Columba, Quebec, and his mother was born at 
South Mountain, Ontario. 

Father Walsh received his preliminary education in 
the Christian Brothers' Schools at Montreal, and then 
became a student at the Jesuit College in his native city. 
He had by this time decided to enter the priesthood, and 
in 1895, his father, who was resolved to help him in every 
possible way, sent him to Belgium for study at the St. 
Trond Redemptorist College. He spent five years at the 
college and then proceeded to the seminary at Beaupla- 
tea_u,_in the Province of Luxemburg. He completed his 
training and was ordained as a priest at Beauplateau in 
1905. 

After his ordination. Father Walsh was sent to St. 
Ann-de-Beaupre, Quebec, where he was stationed for 
the next three years. In 1909 he returned to Montreal 
as assistant at the Church of St. Ann, and three years 
later he went to Annapolis, Maryland, for special study, 
spending six months at the Annapolis Church of St. 
Mary. When his six months at Annapolis came to an 
end. Father Walsh came to Toronto and engaged in 
mission work at St. Patrick's Church for half a yeai . He 
left Toronto at the end of that period and went to St. 
John, New Brunswick, where for two years he engaged 
in mission and parochial work at St. Peter's Church. In 
1915 he became pastor of St. Augustine's Church at 
Brandon, Manitoba. During the five years and a half of 
his pastorate at Brandon, Father Walsh extended the 
work of the church and built up the membership so that 
the parish contained three hundred families when he left 
it. In January, 1921, Father Walsh returned to Toronto 



as pastor of St. Patrick's Church. This church, whi( 
on McCaul street, was built about twelve years 
There is a large mission house attached to the chi 
and the parish contains about two hundred and 
families. Father Walsh was not a stranger to this ch 
when he became its pastor, having been engage 
mission work at Toronto in 1913, and to the many fri 
he made at that time he is constantly adding new ( 
His broad experience and vigorous character 1 
contributed greatly to his success in the past and 
be no less appreciated in Toronto than elsewhere. 



R. HAROLD WATSON— A well known brok« 
Toronto, Mr. Watson has had a more varied and inte 
ing career than most men of his age. He has a piac 
knowledge of various lines of industry, and is a drauj 
man of ability. Although the greater part of hia 
has been spent in Canada, he lived in Detroit for n( 
a year, receiving there a great deal of practical er 
eeiing experience as followed by the great Amei 
firms whose factories and plants are located in 
industrial region of the United States. 

Mr. Watson was born at Brockville, Ontario, , 
25, 1892, son of Robert E. and Margaret (De' 
Watson. He received his early education in the pi 
schools of Montreal and proceeded in due course to 
of the leading business colleges of Ottawa for trai 
in business methods. Upon leaving college, he acce 
a position in the Watson Carriage Company, a i 
operated by his father, R. E. Watson, of Ottawa, t 
gaining practical office experience. A keen studer 
production methods, and being especially intereste 
the manufacture of automobiles and motor trucks 
then proceeded to Detroit, Michigan, and enterec 
automobile engine factory. He worked his way thn 
the various departments of this plant in the coun 
a year, then returned to Canada, well-groundei 
American manufacturing methods. Upon his ar 
at Ottawa, Mr. Watson accepted a temporary posi 
in the office of a life insurance company and at 
began to utilize his spare time and evenings in the s 
of mechanical engineering. He availed himself of 
course in engineering offered by the International 
respondence School, at Scranton, Pennsylvania, 
after completing his studies, obtained a positioi 
draughtsman in the City Hall at Ottawa. 

By this time, Mi . Watson's experience began to 
fruit, making him a good judge of business condil 
and opportunities. He saw the future of scier 
salesmanship; he saw the advantages to be det 
by a manufacturers' agency, so opened one in Mont 
and he had a firm belief in the coming greatnes 
Canada. His next step on the ladder of success wi 
become associated with the Ontario Motor League ir 
organization of branch clubs throughout Ontario, 
gave him an opportunity to try his hand at busi 
organization. While he was thus engaged, the Vi 
War began. Mr. Watson had had some military trail 
having previously been a member of the Princess U 
Dragoon Guards, a military organization. Confic 
therefore, of success, he hastened to volunteer for se' 
with the Canadian army. He was rejected on acr 
of the condition of his eyes, and, upon being thus 
nounced physically unfit for active military ser 
returned to the organization work he had been can 
on throughout the Province. He was actively engag' 
the work of the Libertjr Loan Campaign of 1917. 
1919 Mr. Watson, having been successful in al 
enterprises, turned his attention to the brokerage bus 
and acquired large interests in mining and rubber st 
the management of which now occupies the greater 
of his time. 




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BIOGRAPHICAL 



129 



Mr. Watson is a member of the Presbyterian church, 
le is a member of High Park Lodge, No. 531, Free and 
iccepted Masons, Cyrene Preceptory, Knighti Templar, 
nd a noble of the Mystic Shrine. He belongs to the Lake 
bore Country Club. 

Mr. Watson married Stella Rose Loughlin, of Toronto, 
n August 6, 1921. Their residence is at No. 274 Ronces- 
alles avenue. 

WILLIAM ROY WILLARD— There is no question 
ut that the widest possible knowledge of economic 
nd business affairs, technical or mechanical, cannot fail 
) be of inestimable value to the professional man, and 
•rtunate is that man whose early training gave him an 
sight into the workings of other interests than that 
hich he eventually chose as his life work. William 
oy Willard, barrister, of No. 155 Roncesvalles avenue, 
rved fifteen months with the Economical Gas Appar- 
us Construction Company, drafting and designing, and 
ter spent some time with the Toronto Electric Light 
)mpany before he entered the profession of law, thereby 
oviding himself with considerable information he 
vuld not otherwise be able to obtain without much 
.fReulty and enabling him to get the viewpoint of his 
.ents in a manner that must be decidedly gratifying 
1 all concerned. 

William R. Willard was born near Sheffield, Went- 
'irth county, August 23, 1888, son of Smith and Susan 
I Humphrey) Willard. Smith Willard was for years 
(gaged in the wholesale provision business as the 
Eiior member of the firm of Willard & Company, of 
'fonto. He is of old English ancestry, his grandfather 
Iving come from England about the year 1830, and 
5 tiedin Wentworth county. William R. Willard attended 
t! public schools of his town and later entered the 
Ironto Technical School, graduating in 1907 at the 
8> of nineteen years with the degree of Electrical 
tgineer. It was then he entered the employ of the 
Eonomical Gas Apparatus Construction Company, 
tl later taking a position with the Toronto Electric 
Iht Company as head meter tester. 

n 1910 he entered Osgoode Hall Law School, was 
{duated in 1915, and was immediately called to the 
) . He has a large general practice with offices at No. 

I Roncesvalles avenue in the building which he 
>'is. Politically Mr. Willard is a Liberal-Conservative 

II he is actively interested in civic affairs. He is a 
nnber of Sunnyside Lodge, Associated Free and 
lepted Masons, the Canadian Order of Chosen 
''jnds, and is also an Orangeman. He is a communi- 
Jt of the Anglican church, and is a member of the 
• ario and the Dominion Bar associations, secretary 
f;he Roncesvalles Business Men's Association, and 
'' chairman of the Federation of Business Men's 
iciations of Toronto during their organization period, 
iir being elected general secretary. 

) 1917 he married Maud E. Gillman, of Toronto, 
I is well known as a dramatic reader and entertainer. 



OY BERESFORD BUCHANAN, of Buchanan, 
J;rairi & Company, engaged in handling stocks and 
)ls, is one of the younger of Toronto's successful 
iness men. 

pm in Toronto, September 30, 1884, son of James 
ter Buchanan, a banker and broker, who was born 
'iagara Palls, Province of Ontario, Canada, and of 
lene (Morrison) Buchanan, a native of "roronto, 
is still living. Mr. Buchanan received his pre- 
■ wry education in private schools of his native city, 
^ entered Upper Canada College, from which he 
i?raduated with the class of 1900. After completing 
iollege course, he began his business career in the 



employ of the Dominion Bank, where he remained for 
six years, beginning as a junior and making his way up 
to the position of accountant. At the end of that time 
he severed his connection with the Dominion Bank, 
and associated himself with his father, J. O. Buchanan, 
and Norman Seagram, as partners in the brokerage 
business, under the firm name of Buchanan, Seagram & 
Company. This concern had its beginning back in 1904, 
when James O. Buchanan formed a partnership with 
Norman Seagram and engaged in the business of hand- 
ling a general line of stocks and bonds. Mr. Buchanan, 
Sr., had for a number of years been connected with the 
old firm of Buchanan & Jones, and was former presi- 
dent of the Toronto Stock Exchange, and under the 
new firm name continued to build up an important and 
prosperous business. The son, like the father, has 
been notably successful in this line of work, and is 
continuing not only the firm name, but the growth and 
prosperity of the business founded by his father. 

Mr. Buchanan is well known in business and social 
circles in Toronto. He is a member of the Toronto 
Golf Glub, the Royal Canadian Yacht Club, the Racquet 
Club, the Ontario Jockey Club, and the 'Toronto Bad- 
minton Club. His religious affiliation is with the An- 
glican church of Toronto. 

Roy B. Buchanan married on October 24th, 1912, 
S. Doris Suckling, of Toronto, daughter of the late 
William J. and Wilhelmina (TurnbuU) Suckling, and 
they are the parents of one child, William 0. Buchanan. 

J. FRANKLIN McDONAGH— One of the younger 
bankers of the Dominion, head of the firm of McDonagh, 
Somers & Company, and widely known as a dealer in 
investment bonds and securities, Mr. McDonagh was 
born July 9, 1889, in the town of Carlow, Huron county, 
Ontario, son of Frank W. and Evelyn (Martin) Mc- 
Donagh. He was educated at Goderich Collegiate 
Institute, and at Upper Canada College. He was gradu- 
ated from the second institution of learning in 1907. 

A talent for financial affairs had early manifested 
itself in Mr. McDonagh, and acting under the advice 
of his father, he decided to enter the field of business 
by becoming a clerk in the Bank of Toronto. He spent 
four years in his first position, devoting himself assidu- 
ously to a study of banking methods and financial 
affairs in general. In 1911 he resigned from the service 
of the bank in order to enter the stock brokerage firm 
of Brouse, Mitchell & Company. He remained with 
this well known house for seven years and then decided 
to establish himself as the head of an independent firm. 
He formed a partnership with Mr. Harry L. Somers, 
and under the firm name of McDonagh, Somers & 
Company, carries on a large business in government and 
municipal bonds and securities. Since its formation in 
1918, the firm has come to the front very rapidly and 
has already acquired an enviable reputation for sound 
and conservative methods. Mr. McDonagh is a member 
of St. Paul's Church. He is an enthusiastic follower of 
out-door sports and belongs to the Rosedale Golf Club; 
the Toronto Skating Club; and the Ontario Motor 
League. He is also a member of the Ontario Club. 

On June 20, 1915, he married Marjorie J. Brouse, 
daughter of W. H. and Florence J. (Gooderham) Brouse. 
Mr. and Mrs. McDonagh have one son, George Raymond 
McDonagh, who was born September 4, 1917. 

WILLIAM ASSHETON SMITH— Specializing in the 
field of patents, and with many years of successful ex- 
perience behind him, Mr. Smith stands in the front 
rank in the legal fraternity in Ontario. He comes of 
a very old English family, originally Assheton by name, 
but through the centuries the name was contracted and 



130 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



changed, becoming eventually Smith. His father, 
James Edward Smith, was long prominent in political 
and civic affairs in Toronto, and was one of the early 
mayors of this city (1867-8). He married Josephine 
Pfaff, and both are now deceased. 

William Assheton Smith was born at No. 46 Wellesley 
street, Toronto, April 7, 1870. His first school attend- 
ance was at the Moxans Private School, of which Rev. 
Mr. Moxans, rector of St. Philip's Church, was the 
master. Entering the University of Toronto, he was 
graduated from that institution in the class of 1888, with 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts, receiving the degree of 
Bachelor of Laws from the same University in 1891. 
Beginning practice in the same year as a member of 
the firm of Bayly, Hughes & Smith, he entered upon a 
general practice. Gradually, however, his clientele 
became more and more widely related to the field of 
patent rights, and in 1900 the present firm was es- 
tablished, under the name of Smith & Cameron, as 
barristers, solicitors and patent attorneys. Mr. Smith's 
position at the courts is also one of prominence, as in 
1910 he was appointed commissioner of the Court of 
Revision, in which office he still serves. He is a member 
of the Ontario Bar Association. Mr. Smith served with 
"K" Company, "Queen's Own Rifles," 1885, and in 
1900 with the 36th Regiment, being captain of No. 1 
Company. 

By political affiliation, Mr. Smith is a Conservative. 
He is a member of Ionic Lodge, No. 25, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, and of the Loyal Orange Lodge. He is 
a member of the University Society, of the Toronto 
Club, the Muskoka Country Club, the Toronto Golf 
Club, also the York Pioneers. He was formerly widely 
noted as an athlete, playing hockey and football, also 
hunting and fishing. His chief Recreations are now golf 
and gardening. 

Mr. Smith married, in June of 1910, Aileen Gooderham, 
of a prominent Toronto family, and they have two 
children: James Edward Assheton, and Elizabeth 
Assheton. 

GEORGE ANDREW MORROW, O. B. E.— As ex- 
ecutive official of three prominent Toronto financial in- 
stitutions, and serving numerous others in advisory 
capacity, Mr. Morrow holds influential place in the 
business fraternity of the district, while his interests 
also extend to the industrial field in which his active 
career began. He found opportunity for service of 
broad proportions during the Great World War, which 
has been followed, as it was preceded, by public-spirited 
participation in movements for civic and moral ad- 
vancement. 

Mr. Morrow is a son of J. M. and Mary (Laidley) 
Morrow, and was born in Millbrook, Ontario, October 
28, 1877. His education was obtained in the public 
schools of Millbrook and collegiate institutes of Toronto 
and Peterboro, Ontario, and the first three years of his 
business career were spent in manufacturing lines. Since 
that time he has been prominently identified with num- 
erous large financial corporations, his connections having 
been in part as director of the Imperial Life Assurance 
Company from 1907 to 1911, vice-president in 1912-13, 
and president since 1914; vice-president of the Dominion 
Securities Corporation; vice-president and managing 
director of the Central Canada Loan Company; director 
of the Imperial Guarantee and Accident Company; 
director of the Western Assurance Company; and 
director of the British-American Assurance Company, 
all of which offices he fills at the present time. Mr. Mor- 
row is also a director of the Toronto Electric Light 
Company, and vice-president of the Burlington Steel 
Company, of Hamilton, Ontario, holding membership 



in the group of Ontario men-of-affairs whose actii 
vitally affect the prosperity and stability of the bus 
fabric of the Province. 

In 1917-18 Mr. Morrow served as director of Avia 
Imperial Munition Board, and in this office handle 
of the business relating to the Royal Air Force in 
ada, which included the building of camps and 
purchase of supplies. This office received attentioi 
surpassed in diligence and devotion in the adn 
tration of any government post during this cr 
period. Mr. Morrow is a member of the York, Tori 
National, Ontario, Lambton Golf and Country, Cj 
City Curling, Mississauga Golf (Port Credit) and ] 
dale Golf clubs. He is a communicant of the '. 
byterian church, and a Liberal in political faith. 

Mr. Morrow married, May 21, 1903, Phoeb 
Graham, daughter of J. C. Graham, and they an 
parents of one son, G. Graham Morrow. 

COLONEL Le GRAND REED— A member o 
firm of Reed, Shaw & McNaught, one of the fore 
insurance concerns of the Dominion, Colonel Ree 
Toronto, is a prominent figure in the Canadian i 
ance field, and as one of the officers of the Cana 
Expeditionary Forces, he is highly esteemed ir 
native city and Province. Colonel Reed's fami 
of long residence in Canada; he is a son of Joseph B 
Sarah (Cummer) Reed. His father, who was bo 
Woodstook, Ontario, was engaged in the insui 
business during the greater part of his active career 
was the founder of one of the two early insurance age 
whose merger formed the present organization, 
died in 1905, but the mother, who was born in W 
down, Ontario, is still living. 

Colonel Reed was born in Toronto, October 8, : 
Receiving his early education in the Moael Scho 
this city, he later entered Cornell University, at Itl 
New York, where he was a member of the class of '. 
His first business experience was in line with his 
sequent activities, as his father's assistant in his 
enterprise. It was in the year 1872 that the late Jc 
B. Reed began his independent operations in insuri 
securing at that time the exclusive Toronto agenc; 
the Liverpool, London & Globe Insurance Com] 
of England. At about the same time Sam Shaw, !■< 
of George B. Shaw, established his insurance office, 
a third enterprise was founded along the same lii 
advance by C. B. McNaught, about 1896, in associi 
with E. P. Pearson. Eventually the present Mr. S 
succeeding his father, joined the third enterj 
which was carried forward for a considerable pi 
under the name of Shaw-McNaught, Toronto aj 
of the Mercantile Fire Insurance Company, the < 
necticut Fire Insurance Company, of Hartford, i 
necticut, and the Waterloo Mutual Fire Insur 
Company, of Waterloo, Ontario. Upon the deat 
Joseph B. Reed, his son, now Colonel Reed, anc 
brother, J. Carl Reed, succeeded to the business, 
almost immediately took the step which created 
of the strongest concerns in this field in all the Domii 
merging their interests with those of Messrs. Sha 
McNaught. On May 1, 1906, they formed a regist 
partnership, which has since been carried forward u 
the firm name of Reed, Shaw & McNaught. At 
time they represented five companies, but they 
extended their operations widely in the years w 
have since intervened, and are now in the front 
in this field in Canada. The firm is now compos< 
Colonel Le Grand Reed, George B. Shaw, Charl- 
McNaught, and T. L. Armstrong, the latter joinin;, 
firm in 1911. On January 1, 1920, the firm fu 
extended their activities by receiving into partne 



I 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



131 



associates four men, each experienced in a special 
16, who had been on their executive force for a number 

years prior to that date. These are: 1. W. J. Chap- 
an, manufacturing and mercantile insurance. 2. 
. J. Mylrea, sprinklered risks. 3. H. M. de Vries, 
mds and burglary. 4. O. T. Lyon, whose specialty 

casualty and liability insurance. The firm, at the 
esent time (1922), are chief representatives for Canada 

the Marine Insurance Company, Ltd., of England; 
e Federal Insurance Company, Ltd., of England; the 
ational Surety Company, of New York, and the 
oyd Plate Glass Insurance Company, of New York, 
ley are general agents for the Province of Ontario 

the Pacific Coast Fire Insurance Company, of Van- 
uver, British Columbia; the Century Insurance 
)nipany, Ltd., of Scotland; the Insurance Company 
I the State of Pennsylvania, of Philadelphia; the 
hlaware Underwriters' Department of the West- 
;3ster Fire Insurance Company of Philadelphia; the 
litional Benefits Assurance Company, Ltd., of London, 
[gland; the Tokio Marine and Fire Insurance 
impany, of Japan; and the Fidelity and Casualty 
lurance Company, of New York. They are general 
amts for the Toronto district of the Liverpool, London 
S31obe Insurance Company, of England; the Mercan- 
t: Fire Insurance Company, of Toronto; the Connecti- 
c Fire Insurance Company, of Hartford; the Northern 
A urance Company, Ltd., of England; the Globe 
L lerwriters' Agency of the Globe and Rutgers Fire 



Iu;r 



nice Company, of New York; and the Queensland 
Insurance Company, of Sydney, New South Wales, 
-alia. 

h the declaration of war in 1914, Colonel Reed 

iteered for service the following day, the fifth of 

it, and joined the Ninth Mississauga Horse, being 

issioned lieutenant, for which office he qualified 

lediately. On August 1, 1915, he was placed in 

ind of the Toronto Mobilization Centre, with 

temporary rank of major, and on December 23, 

1, was gazetted to lieutenant-colonel in command of 

170th Overseas Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary 

1, which he quickly mobilized and trained. Sailing 

this command in October, 1916, he served overseas 

January, 1917, when he was returned to Canada, 

ically disqualified for further service. In August of 

he was transferred to the Officers' Reserve Corps, 

.dian Expeditionary Forces, with the rank of 

t-colonel. Soon after his return to Toronto, 

lel Reed took up his interrupted business interests 

' le pursuits of civilian life. He is a member of the 

1 Club, Royal Canadian Yacht Club, Toronto 

Club, and the Rosedale Golf Club. 

•lonel Reed married, in 1909, loleen Mann, of 

and they have three children: Donald, King- 

and' Elizabeth. 



iOMAS COWPER ROBINETTE, K. C— There 

element in the relation of Thomas Cowper 

lette to his time that defied inclusion within his 

lional eminence, that is lacking in many whose 

nd social service endeavors equalled or exceeded 

at is not essential in the social popularity he 

i. This was his rare capacity for sympathy, 

lontaneous feelings and actions of brotherhood 

hose of his fellows less fortunate than he. This 

1 review of his life in the history of the city in 

the great part of it was spent is to pay due tribute 

itizen of remarkable talents, talents which were 

•Hed into splendid service for the general good. 

as Cowper Robinette is a descendant of United 

Loyalist ancestry, his family having come from 

Ivania to Peel county, Ontario, in 1781. He 



was a son of Josiah and Esther J. (Goodison) Robinette, 
his father a native of Dixie, Ontario. Here Thomas 
Cowper Robinette was born in 1861, and after attend- 
ing the public schools, Strathroy High School and 
Toronto University, he was graduated in arts in 1884, 
and in law in 1887. At the completion of his legal 

studies he was awarded the governor-general's gold 
medal, and he was also silver medallist in modem 
languages and English prizeman, as well as holding a 
scholarship in general proficiency. Entering active 
professional practice, he specialized in the criminal 
department, and gained most notable reputation in this 
branch of his calling. At the time of his death he was 
head of the firm of Robinette, Godfrey, Phelan & 
Lawson, J. S. FuUerton, K. C, former corporation 
counsel of Toronto, being an associate counsel of the 
firm. Cases in which Mr. Robinette appeared as counsel 
which attracted unusually wide attention were the 
Macwherrel and Caledon wreck cases at Brampton, 
Healey and Blythe at Toronto, Mrs. Kyle at Wood- 
stock, and Dr. Robinson at Napanee. The Toronto 
"News" wrote of Mr. Robinette in the following words: 
"As a pleader, energetic, clear and painstaking"; and 
the Toronto "Globe," prior to his death, said that he 
"has a trained mind, is accessible to new ideas, and has 
unusual gifts for the exposition and enforcement of his 
opinions." jji^ 

Mr. Robinette was a scholarly man of the law, and 
there was mingled wdth his erudition an element of 
shrewdness and innate keenness that enabled him to 
instantly seize upon a favorable turn of events in the 
conduct of a case. He was a consummate actor, and 
there has been no other advocate of recent years who 
was so frankly dramatic in his conduct of a case, or 
who could influence the emotions of his auditors with 
such ease and compelling eloquence. His intimate 
touch with much that was low and sordid in life had not 
blunted his sensibilities nor dulled his response to the 
sentiments, and he lived in unusual degree in his work of 
defending erring humanity. Legal circles of Toronto 
cite many instances of his devoted efforts in behalf of 
his clients and of the lengths to which he would go to 
serve a person to whom he had become attached. 

In 1902 he was created a King's Counsel, and in 1911 
and 1916 he was a bencher of the Law Society. He 
was a member of the Royal Colonial Institute of London, 
England, in 1913, and he was a director of the Moral 
and Social Reform League of Toronto in 1913, and presi- 
dent of the Methodist Young Men's Association in 
1906. His work along this line began as early as 1885, 
when he was chairman of the Young Liberal Convention 
of Toronto, and in 1886 he was joint secretary of the 
Dominion Young Men's Association formed at Montreal. 
He was president of the University Literary and Scien- 
tific Society in 1907. He served the "Queen's Own 
Rifles" and the Thirty-fourth Regiment as an officer. 
He was vice-president of the Warren Bituminous and 
Paving Company, Ltd., this one of his few business 
interests unconnected with his profession. He was a 
member of Trinity Methodist Church. He was the 
author of a lecture which he delivered widely, entitled: 
"The Boy, the National Asset of Canada." Mr. Rob- 
inette fraternized with the Masonic order, the Order 
of United Workmen, the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, and the Independent Order of Foresters. 

Mr. Robinette was the father of the following children: 
, Thomas Lindsay, John J., Minnie, George, and Allan. 
Thomas Cowper Robinette died March 14, 1920. 



FREDERICK A. CLELAND, B.A., M.B., F.A.C.S. 

— Holding a leading position in his chosen profession in 
Toronto, Dr. Cleland is bearing a significant part in the 



132 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



advance of medicine and surgery, in institutional and 
educational work as well as in his private practice. Dr. 
Cleland comes of Scottish ancestry, and is a son of 
James and Sarah (Butchart) Cleland. His father, who 
was born in Glasgow, Scotland, June 10, 1839, came to 
Canada as a young man and settled in Ontario. He was 
for many years a resident of Meaford, and for eight 
years (1890-98) was a member of the Legislative 
Assembly of Ontario. The mother was born in Dundee, 
Scotland, September 13, 1839. 

Frederick Adam Cleland was born in Meaford, 
Ontario, and received his early education in the public 
and high schools of that community, then later was 
graduated in the arts and medicine from the University 
of Toronto. The first seven years of his career Dr. 
Cleland spent in New York City, in the practice of his 
profession, meanwhile taking post-graduate work. 
During this period he was attached to the New York 
Polyclinic Medical School and Hospital, and St. Eliza- 
beth's Hospital. With this breadth of experience be- 
hind him. Dr. Cleland returned to Toronto in 1909, and 
took up the practice of surgery here. He has continued 
until the present time, and has achieved large success. 
With the outbreak of war in Europe he offered his 
services to the government, and was appointed senior 
surgeon to No. 11 Stationary Hospital, with the rank of 
major, going with the Canadian Expeditionary Forces 
to Siberia in 1918. Dr. Cleland is now assistant surgeon 
at the Toronto General Hospital, surgeon and gynae- 
cologist at Grace Hospital, and demonstrator in clinical 
surgery at the University of Toronto. 

In the profession Dr. Cleland stands high, being a 
Fellow of the American Collegie of Surgeons, and a mem- 
ber of the Academy of Medicine of Toronto, and of the 
Aesculapian Society. Socially he holds membership 
in the York Club, the Royal Canadian Yacht Club, 
the Toronto Hunt Club, and York Downs Golf and 
Country Club. He is a member of the Presbyterian 
church. 

Dr. Cleland married, at Ayr, Ontario, October 31, 
1907, Anna Goldie, who was born in that town, and is a 
daughter of David and Isabella (Easton) Goldie. Mr. 
Goldie was for many years engaged in business in Ayr 
as a miller. Dr. and Mrs. Cleland are the parents of 
four children, as follows: Isabel Easton, James Goldie, 
Esther Crosby, and Christine Bell. 

HILTON RUSSELL TUDHOPE— A member of the 
firm of A. E. Ames & Company, Mr. Tudhope is one of 
the leading investment brokers of the city. He was 
bom at Orillia, Ontario, August 3, 1878, son of W. R. 
and Bertha J. (Clarke) Tudhope. 

His parents having moved to Gravenhurst, Ontario, 
about the time he came of school age, Mr. Tudhope was 
entered as a pupil of the Gravenhurst public schools 
and continued therein until his education was completed. 
After his graduation from high school in 1895, he came 
to Toronto and entered the field of business by be- 
coming a clerk in the office of the Ontario Accident & 
Insurance Company, and spent a year and a half in 
this position. He left the Ontario Accident & Insurance 
Company in order to accept a position with A. E. Ames 
& Company, dealers in bonds and securities. His 
progress with this firm was rapid, and in 1901 he was 
admitted to partnership. A. E. Ames & Company have 
offices at New York and Chicago, as well as in Montreal 
and Victoria. 

Mr. Tudhope is an expert horseman and an ardent 
and enthusiastic lover of golf. He finds his chief re- 
creation in out-door games and sports, and is active in 
his support of all the Canadian sporting events. Among 
his clubs are: the Lambton Golf Club, the National 



Club, the York Club, the Toronto Skating Club, 
Ontario Jockey Club, and the Hunt Club. He 
regular attendant of the Presbyterian church, 
home is at 51 Spadina road. 

On October 14, 1903, he married Edna P. L. 
Naught, daughter of W. K. and Carrie (Lugs( 
McNaught. Mr. and Mrs. Tudhope have three cl 



FRED HOLMES BARLOW— Of American b 
but reared in Ontario and trained in the educati 
institutions of this Province, Mr. Barlow is now ta 
a position of prominence in legal circles in Toronto, 
son of William J. and Laura (Holmes) Barlow, 
family came to Canada from the States in 1891, setl 
in Lyn, Ontario. The father, who died in 1916, 
engaged in farming in Lyn during his lifetime, and 
mother, who survives him, still resides there. 

Fred Holmes Barlow was born in Alexandria, '. 
York, and was an infant when the family cam 
Canada. Attending the public schools of Lyn, he 
pared for college at the Brockville Collegiate Instii 
then entered the University of Toronto, from whic 
was graduated in the class of 1908, with the degr( 
Bachelor of Arts, receiving his Master's degree front 
same university two years later. Thereafter, for 
years, Mr. Barlow taught English and the classic 
the Athens (Ontario) High School, then pursuing 
professional studies at Osgoode Hall Law School 
was called to the bar in 1915, and within the yeai 
came a member of the firm of Jones & Barlow, 
offices at No. 36 Toronto street. He has won ai 
sured position in the profession in Toronto, and is 
joying gratifying success in general practice, ako r 
corporation work. 

A member of the York County Law Associa 
Mr. Barlow also holds membership in the Ontario 
Canadian Bar associations. He is a member of 
Toronto Board of Trade, and in politics is Inde 
dent. He is a member of the Canadian Club, ar 
the Graduates' Club, at Hart Hoiise (Universit 
Toronto), and attends the Methodist church. 

Mr. Barlow married, in Toronto, in Septen 
1921, Marjorie Forsyth, daughter of W. O. Forsyt 
Toronto, and they reside at No. 432 Markham strei 

THOMAS O. AKED— As head of the corpora 
Aked & Company, Ltd., Mr. Aked holds impoi 
place in an industry with which the family name 
been identified for more than a century, and di 
the operations of a concern of leading prominenc 
its field. Mr. Aked fills a dual position in relatic 
the textile industry, that of inventor and manufact 
He possesses mechanical talents that have been 
means of a long advance in worsted spinning, 
executive and business qualities that have enabled 
to realize materially upon his technical knowledge 
skill, a combination that the history of industrial 
scientific progress shows as being only too rare. 

Mr. Aked is a son of Thomas and Martha Aked 
father having died in 1901, the mother living in Ene 
aged eighty-six (1921). His father and grandii 
spent their lives in the woolen spinning industry, 
his present close affiliation with this calling is ii 
nature of a birthright. Thomas and Martha Aked 
the parents of another son, Ernest, manager o! 
Bradford District Bank, of Bradford, England, s 
daughter, Edith. 

Thomas O. Aked was born in Cross Hills, York 
England, December 23, 1876. He was educat 
English schools and was graduated from the Bra 
Technical College in 1892. Reared in his fa 



132 

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BIOGRAPHICAL 



133 



isiness, his first employment was secured about 1895, 
id he obtained a thorough knowledge of all depart- 
ents of textile manufacturing and marketing that has 
«n the basis of his subsequent success. In 1909 he 
me to Canada as salesman for an English firm man- 
acturing yarns and woolens, and in the following 
lar formed an association with the Monarch Knit- 
ig Company of St. Thomas, Ontario. His duties with 
is concern were managerial in character. He was in 
large of the construction of their St. Thomas factory 
id the installation of machinery at that plant. Mr. 
Iced remained with the Monarch Knitting Company 
itil April, 1918, when he resigned and incorporated 
ked & Company, Ltd., of which he is president, 
building was erected in Toronto, and the manufacture 
fancy hand knitting yarns was begun. The product 

the company has been marketed throughout the 
ominion by direct sales, a method of merchandising 
at has been most successful. The volume of business 
IS increased to an extent that has required the con- 
ruction of a new plant which has more than doubled 
e company's output. Mr. Aked is credited with hav- 
g wound the first ball of knitting wool made in Canada, 
d he is known in the textile world as the inventor of 
ispinning machine, known as the Aked Prince Smith 
yer Doffer, which has revolutionized the spinning 
llustry, and which is in general use wherever worsteds 
i; manufactured. This machine, a labor saver, pro- 
1 cing goods of uniformly higher grade than were 
t merly manufactured, has practically eliminated 
[ild labor in English worsted mills, and it has thus 
ived as a contributing factor in social as well as in 
Bmomic advance. This machine, patented in 1911, 
i(of course, a conspicuous feature of the equipment of 
ti' mills of Aked & Company, Ltd., in which have been 
iitalled the most modern mechanical improvements, 
a well as the best features of industrial construction, 
le large number of employees work under conditions 
t'.t approximate the ideal, and careful consideration 
isjiven to their welfare. Mr. Aked is a member of 
tl Canadian Woolen Manufacturers' Association and 
tl Canadian Manufacturers' Association, and in his 
psent-day activity in textile manufacturing carries 
tl record of his family well into its second century. 
H is a member of the Masonic order, fraternizing with 
S Thomas Lodge, No. 44. He is a communicant of the 
C irch of England, and in politics is a Conservative. 

Ir. Aked married, in England, in 1904, Margaret 
Pjcles, of Colne, Lancashire, England. They are the 
pjjnts of one daughter, Elizabeth Aleen. 

OHN WILLIAM GARVIN, B. A.— Although in 

eay manhood Mr. Garvin withdrew from work in 

ed:ational fields to form an association in financial 

afiirs, his interest and activity in scholarly affairs 

dinot lessen, and he is known widely both as vice- 

prident and managing director of the Federal Finance 

CtDoration, Ltd., and as author and editor. 

^ r. Garvin is a son of David and Melissa (Lemon) 

'^iivin, and was born in Lynden, Wentworth county, 

io, March 19, 1859. His father was a native of 

^h county, Ireland, and his mother was a native 

lian, of English descent. Midhurst, Vespra 

iiip, North Simcoe, became the family home in 

xth year, and his education was obtained in the 

irst public school, Barrie Collegiate Institute, 

roy "Training Institute for high school teachers, 

niversity College, Toronto. He is an honor gradu- 

the last-named institution in mental and moral 

' , logic, political economy and allied courses, and 

ccialist in English of the Education Department, 

0. Mr. Garvin was principal of the model and 



public schools of Welland, Ontario, in 1887-88, prin- 
cipal of the model and public schools of Woodstock, 
Ontario, in 1889-92, and inspector of public schools 
of Peterboro, Ontario, in 1893-95. 

In 1895 he entered the financial field as manager of 
Central Ontario for the North American Life Assurance 
Company, continuing in this capacity until 1903. Later 
he became chief inspector of agencies of the Manufac- 
turers' Life Insurance Company, and subsequently, in 
1910, manager of the agency department of the Ex- 
celsior Life Insurance Company. He originated the 
Sterling Life Assurance Company and later amalgamated 
this company with the Security Life Insurance Com- 
pany, and served as the first managing director of the 
amalgamated company. In 1918 Mr. Garvin entered 
the bond and stock field, and in July, 1919, became vice- 
president and managing director of the Federal Finance 
Corporation, Ltd., and has since devoted himself to its 
interests. This company's operations are in bond and 
stock brokerage, and government, municipal and cor- 
poration bonds and debentures and dividend paying 
stocks are handled. Mr. Garvin brought to his official 
post a broad experience and proved ability in financial 
affairs, and his administration has been productive of 
broad growth and development, the institution holding 
high rank in its field. 

In the spring of 1897, two years after he had aban- 
doned professional work along educational lines, Mr. 
Garvin originated a new educational policy for the 
Liberal-Conservative party of Ontario, involving a 
minimum of model schools and additional normal 
schools, an advisory council elected by ballot by the 
several branches of the profession, cheaper text-books 
and other important items. He contested West Peter- 
boro in the ensuing general election but was defeated 
by the late Hon. J. R. Stratton. 

Mr. Garvin is the editor-author of "Canadian Poets," 
editor of "Canadian Poems of the Great War," editor 
of "The Collected Poems of Isabella Valancy Crawford," 
and has made numerous other contributions to the 
literature of his time. His scholarship has followed 
philosophical and scientific lines, and he originated 
shortly after the discovery of radium a religio-psycho- 
logical philosophy of the universe, a synopsis of which 
was subsequently published. He has many points of 
contact with the life of his community, is a member of 
the Mississauga Golf and Country Club, the Empire 
Club, and the Board of Trade. For seven years he 
served in the Canadian Militia as honorary captain and 
quartermaster with the Third Prince of Wales, Can- 
adian Dragoons. 

Mr. Garvin married, November 9, 1912, Amelia 
Beers Warnock, daughter of James and Katherine 
Hale (Byard) Warnock, her father a native of Kil- 
marnock, Scotland, her mother born in Mobile, Ala- 
bama. Mrs. Garvin, who was born in Gait, Ontario, is 
a maternal great-granddaughter of Major J. B. Hogan, 
aide-de-camp to Lafayette in the State of Alabama 
during Marquis de Lafayette's tour of the United 
States in 1824-25. 

Mrs. Garvin was educated in Gait and in Miss Veal's 
School in Toronto, and later studied in New York and 
Europe. She studied music with youthful ambition 
for the operatic stage, and although literary work has 
claimed her almost entirely, it was her graphic articles 
on Wagnerian opera, sent to the "Mail and Empire" 
from New York, that led to her appointment as editor 
of the department, "Contemporary Literature." She 
is best known through her critical literary work with this 
journal, although she has appeared widely on the re- 
cital and lecture platform, and her name has carried 
farthest through her poetry. Her writing has been 



134 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



done under the name "Katherine Hale," and her pub- 
ished works are "Grey Knitting and Other Poems," 
"The White Comrade and Other Poems," "The New 
Joan and Other Poems," and many essays and short 
stories. Several of her poems have been set to music 
notably "In the Trenches," by the well known com- 
poser, Gena Branscombe, under the title "Dear Lad 
O'Mine." Mrs. Garvin is a member of the Heliconian 
Club, the Toronto Women's Press Club, the Women's 
Canadian Club of Toronto, and other literary and 
civic organizations. In 1919 she was president of the 
Women's Canadian Club, and this year is a member of 
the Dominion Council of the Canadian Authors' As- 
sociation. 



ALBERT OGDEN— Those pages of Toronto's per- 
sonal history upon which are set forth the outline of 
Albert Ogden's career name him as a successful and 
prominent lawyer, a man diligent in Christian works, 
and a humanitarian whose love for his fellows found 
expression in countless services for the promotion of 
their welfare. His was a sympathy all-embracing, a 
brotherliness and kindliness that knew only the limits 
of his strength and acquaintance, and he was loved by 
old and young alike, finding, indeed, his greatest pleasure 
in the company of his many friends among young 
people. 

Mr. Ogden was a son of William J. and Rebecca (Ward) 
Ogden, United Empire Loyalists, early settlers of 
Peel county, and was born in Toronto township, Peel 
county, Ontario, September 29, 1847, the direct an- 
cestry of his line tracing to the reign of Charles II. His 
father was a farmer on the Lake Shore road, and Albert 
Ogden was reared on the home farm, helping in its 
cultivation and attending the public school. Studies 
in commercial college and Toronto Collegiate Institute 
followed, and upon the completion of his legal training 
he was called to the bar in 1876. His preparation for his 
profession had been obtained in the law office of Cameron, 
McMichael & Hoskin, and upon the elevation of Mr. 
Cameron to the bench the firm became McMichael, 
Hoskin & Ogden. In 1889 the title became Hoskin & 
Ogden, as it remained until Mr. Hoskin's death, after 
which Mr. Ogden practiced alone for several years. 
Mr. Bowlby subsequently became his partner, under the 
title of Ogden & Bowlby, at No. 23 Toronto street, 
this association enduring until Mr. Ogden's death, 
September 16, 1921. For more than forty years Ue 
followed his calling in Toronto, gaining honored reputa- 
tion at the bar and equally high standing in the com- 
munity-at-large. He was a Liberal in politics, strongly 
in favor of prohibition, and although professional affairs 
occupied him to the exclasion of office holding, he served 
as commissioner for Newfoundland. 

Mr. Ogden was solicitor for the Salvation Army from 
the time this organization entered Toronto, and sub- 
sequently was appointed counsel for the Salvation 
Army throughout Canada. To the work of the army 
he brought not only splendid legal abilities but staunch 
belief in its methods of work, and this double identifica- 
tion with its affairs made him an especially valuable 
servant in its cause. 

For thirty-five years Mr. Ogden was recording stew- 
ard of the Queen Street Methodist Church, and for 
twenty-five years of that period had charge of its Sunday 
school work as superintendent. Later he became a mem- 
ber of the Eaton Memorial Church, also of the Method- 
ist faith, and a member of its quarterly board. He was 
treasurer of the Methodist Social Union, and in these 
relations, brought about through his keen religious 
sense and practical Christianity, he found greatest 
satisfaction. When means were lacking for the fur- 



therance of some good work, none was more ger 
or ready in his response than he, and many Chr 
causes carried his name as a dependable, liberal 
tributor. He rejoiced to see young people devel 
in manly and womanly character and in high ide; 
and his influence was felt among a large acquair 
of the younger generation. Mr. Ogden was a mt 
of several fraternal organizations, including th 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows and the Sons of 
land. 

Mr. Ogden's first wife, Mary (Leadley) Ogden 
in 1895, the mother of the following children: ] 
William E., of Toronto. 2. Mary Alberta, m; 
Franklin Brown. 3. Annie, married Morris Per 
Buffalo, New York. 4. Uziel, a resident of Bi 
New York. 5. Leadley, a contractor of Jacksoi 
Florida. 6. C. Erskine, a medical student at th« 
break of the World War, went overseas with th( 
contingent as a private in the "Queen's Own R 
He later was transferred to the Royal Air Force, g 
lieutenant's rank, and while performing a missioi 
forced to land inside the German lines. He was 
prisoner and held for one year in Germany. H 
awarded the military cross. Mr. Ogden married (se 
December 10, 1896, Esther Elizabeth Herdman, d 
ter of Joseph Herdman, of Toronto, and they bi 
the parents of two sons: Frederick Herdman, 
Alfred Winslow. 



WILLIAM LEWIS EDMONDS— Among the 

known men who have exerted a wide influence in 1 
to is William Lewis Edmonds, who began his assoc 
with newspaper work nearly fifty years ago, and 
during most of the years which have passed sinc< 
time, has been engaged in newspaper and journ 
work in this city. 

Mr. Edmonds was born in Northumberland, Enj 
January 15, 1859, son of W. G. and Elizabeth Edn 
He received his education in Bideford, North E 
England, and in 1873 came to Canada with his pa 
he then being a lad of fourteen years. Two years 
in 1875, he began his career as a newspaper mai 
tering a publishing office, where he first became fa; 
with the mechanical work of printing a news sheet 
serving as reporter, and finally becoming a meml 
the editorial staff. For more than two years he pub 
the Ontario "Gleaner" (Cannington), and then bi 
reporter for the Toronto "News"; commercial 
city editor of the Toronto "World"; managing i 
of the McLean trade papers; and later vice-pre; 
and general manager of the McLean Publishing 
pany. This connection was maintained until Jar 
1911, when in partnership with D. O. McKinm 
organized the Commercial Press, Ltd., Since 19 
has been engaged in free lance journalism, contril 
to Canadian, British and American newspapers 
magazines. With all his business responsibilitii 
has been active in public service, contributing fre 
his time for the furtherance of projects which seen 
him wisely planned for the advancement of the | 
welfare. He has served as justice of the peac( 

1910 he wrote "The Can Manufacturer's Vulni 
Spot," and recently "Atlantic to the Pacific" — i 
cription of Canada and its resources, and "Jasper 
Its History and Physical Characteristics." I; 
provincial general election of 1905, he unsuoce? 
contested East Toronto in the Liberal interest, but 

1911 has been independent in politics. In 1905 h 
elected president of the First Ward Young Lil 
Club. He favors a moderate protective tarif 
municipal and government ownership of public 
ties. He is a member of the Masonic order, ai 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



185 



eligious affiliation is with the Kew Beach Presbyterian 
;hurch, of which since 1911 he has been an elder. He 
as always been fond of out-of-door sports, was an 
nthusiastic lawn bowler, and the first president of the 
Lew Beach Bowling Club. He is also a member of the 
lational Club. 
Mr. Edmonds married, in June, 1885, Ida Galley, 
aughter of E. Galley, of Toronto, and they are the 
arents of five children, one of whom is deceased: 
Jlanche, wife of Leslie Price, of Toronto; George E. 
arrister, of Toronto; Dr. Lewis C, physician, also of 
'oronto; Ona Florence, at home; and Beatrice Evelyn, 
eceased. 



ALFRED EDWARD CLARK— One of the foremost 
ames in the lumber business in Canada is that of Clark, 
nd Alfred E. Clark, of Toronto, is not only at the head 
f the Clark interests, but is active in the organized 
iterests of the lumber producers and dealers of the 
)ominion. 

Mr. Clark is a son of Edward and Elizabeth (Shepherd) 
lark. The elder Mr. Clark, who founded the present 
usiness, wag born in Holwell, England, and has followed 
lie lumber business throughout his entire career. He 
I still at the head of the firm of Edward Clark & Sons, 
ltd., although he has largely turned over to his son the 
Isponsibilities of the business. The mother, who was 
)rn in Middlesex county, Ontario, died in 1912. 

Alfred E. Clark was born in Bridgen, Lambton 
I'unty, Ontario, March 19, 1880. Receiving his early 
ilucation in the public schools of his native place, he 
Impleted his studies in the Strathroy Collegiate In- 
iitute, then, for one year, taught school at Kerwood. 
I 1899 Mr. Clark became associated with his father 
i the lumber business, which was at that time located 
i Hamilton, Ontario. He has continued with the firm 
^ice, after the first few years, during which he studied 
jnditions, in an executive capacity. In 1907 the 
jsiness was removed to Toronto, and since that time 
ip head offices have been located in the Bank of Hamil- 

11 building, under the name of Edward Clark & Sons, 
d. Alfred E. Clark has now for years been general 
Ijinager of the firm, and under his capable hand its 
wgress has been steady and permanent. Long a mem- 
g- of the various lumber associations of Canada, 
ifl'. Clark has been brought forward in their work 
lian official capacity. He is a past director of the 
litional Hardwood Lumber Association, of Chicago, 
I,nois, is past president of the Wholesale Lumber 
lalers' Association, of Toronto, is a director of the 
>tional Wholesale Lumber Dealers' Association, of 
York, was for one year vice-president of the 
lian Lumbermen's Association, and at the con- 
n of 1921 was elected president of this great 
ization. He is a member and director of the 
to Board of Trade. His more personal interests 
le membership in St. John's Lodge, Free and 
■ted Masons, of Hamilton, in the Rotary Club, of 
io, the Granite Club, of Toronto, the Scarboro 
Club, the Deer Park Golf and Country Club, 
Downs Golf and Country Club, and the Thorn- 
n>lf and Country Club. He is a member of the 
yterian church of Toronto. 

. Clark married, in 1904, Minnie Hill, of Strathroy, 

Aas born April 14, 1880, and they are the parents 

son and one daughter, as follows: Alfred Mortimer, 

January 22, 1906; and Dorothy E., born Decem- 

1911. 



ENNETH GEORGE ROBERTSON— Trained in 

ii leading educational institutions of Canada for his 
irpssional career, and with wide experience in various 



parts of Ontario, Mr. Robertson has for the past eight 
years been one of the successful legal practitioners 
of Toronto. 

Coming of a prominent family of the Province of 
Quebec, Mr. Robertson is a son of the Hon. James 
Gibb Robertson, who was born in Sherbrooke, Quebec, 
January 1, 1843, and was for nineteen years treasurer 
of the Province of Quebec. He was a Conservative 
in political affairs, and at the time of his death, in 1906, 
was postmaster of the city of Sherbrooke. He married 
Mary Jane Woodward, who was born in Sherbrooke, 
February 13, 1848, and still survives him. They were 
the parents of four children: James J., who died at 
Sherbrooke, in 1916; William Gordon Murray; Kenneth 
G., of whom further; and Kathleen, with whom the 
mother now resides, she being the wife of James B. 
Noble, formerly of Petrolia, now a prominent barrister 
of the firm of Noble & St. John, of Vancouver, British 
Columbia. Both sons are practicing law, Mr. Robert- 
son's brother, William Gordon Murray Robertson, 
being a successful barrister of Neepawa, Manitoba. 

Kenneth George Robertson was born in Sherbrooke, 
Quebec, May 17, 1879, and received his early education 
in the public and high schools of his native place. There- 
after entering Bishop's College, he was graduated in 
the class of 1900, with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, 
then entering McGill University of Montreal for his 
legal training, he was graduated from that institution 
in the class of 1904, with the degree of Bachelor of 
Laws. Immediately following his graduation, Mr. 
Robertson began practice as a member of the firm 
of Smith, Markey & Montgomery, of Montreal, and 
this association continued for one year. He then re- 
moved to Haileybury, Ontario, where he was associated 
with A. G. Slaght in the practice of law fpr four years, 
subsequently practicing there for a similar period 
alone. In 1914 Mr. Robertson came to Toronto and 
engaged in private practice, opening his offices at his 
present location. No. 12 King street. East. He has 
since handled a large general practice, but much cor- 
poration work is placed in his hands. His experience 
in the North has especially qualified him for the handling 
of mining interests, and he is esteemed as an authority 
in this field. 

A Conservative by political convictions, Mr. Robert- 
son takes no leading part in public affairs, but cordially 
endorses every forward movement in all branches of 
public endeavor. He is a member of the Alpha Delta Phi 
fraternity, and holds membership in St. Barnabas' 
Anglican Church. 

Mr. Robertson married, in Toronto, on October 8, 
1918, Claudia Blanche Wilson, daughter of W. W. 
and Alice Wilson, prosperous farming people of Delta, 
Ontario, and they have one child, Margaret Kathleen, 
born March 15, 1921. 

NORMAN SEAGRAM— All of Mr. Seagram's 
business life has been spent in connection with financial 
work, beginning as a junior clerk in a bank. As a 
member of the firm of Buchanan, Seagram & Company, 
he is well known and highly regarded in Toronto, and 
in brokerage operations has acquired reputation for 
business talent and dependability. Mr. Seagram is a 
son of the late Joseph E. Seagram, born in Gait, Ontar- 
io, who was engaged in distilling operations until 1919. 
Joseph E. Seagram married Stephanie Erbs, born in 
Alsace-Lorraine, died in 1919. 

Norman Seagram was born in Waterloo, Ontario, 
July 19, 1879, and was educated in the Trinity College 
School at Port Hope and a Montreal high school. 
Upon the completion of his scholastic training he ob- 
tained a position as junior clerk in the Molson Bank 



136 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



and for six years remained with this institution. Upon 
leaving its employ he entered independent brokerage 
dealings and became a member of the firm of Buchanan, 
Seagram & Company, an organization that has become 
prominent in Toronto in the handling of high grade 
securities. 

Mr. Seagram is a member of the York Club, Toronto 
Club, Albany and Toronto Hunt Club, Royal Canadian 
Yacht Club, Toronto Golf Club, Caledon Mountain 
Trout Club, Toronto Cricket Club, the Toronto Gar- 
rison Badminton Club. He is a communicant of the 
Anglican church. 

Mr. Seagram married, in 1904, Gladys Buchanan, 
and they are the parents of: Persls Stephanie, Joseph 
William, Norman Oliver, and Robert David. 

WILLIAM HENRY EAKINS— Toronto has known 
two generations of the family of Eakins in the activi- 
ties of William Henry Eakins, subject of this sketch, 
and William George Eakins (see sketch following), father 
and son, and from both received full measure of the ser- 
vice of good citizenship. Public duties and the affairs 
of the church were given their attention, and worthy 
works resulted from their interest and labor in these 
fields. It is not always the fact that the high standards 
of one generation are those of the next, but in the 
lives of these men there was no shadow of variation 
or turning from the same lofty aims. 

William Henry Eakins spent the earlier years of 
his life in Vienna and IngereoU, and later removed to 
Woodstock, where he prospered in business, making 
wise investments whose values increased with the passing 
of the years. His interest in church affairs was proverb- 
ial, and for twenty-eight years he was a delegate to 
the synod. When he made Toronto his home he became 
identified with numerous community interests, con- 
tinuing in the church work which had always claimed 
his devoted attention. He had been a delegate to the 
Anglican synod from Ingersoll, and in Toronto joined the 
congregation of the Church of the Redeemer, later 
transferring his membership to St. Paul's Anglican 
Cathedral. Mr. Eakins was a lover of flowers and loved 
to work among them, his gardens being the source of 
his greatest pleasure and pride. Reading the best in 
literature was his real hobby, and he was noted as 
one of the best read men in Ontario. 

Mr. Eakins married (first) Agnes Lowe; (second) 
Clara A. Youell. His death occurred in Toronto, 
October 9, 1906. He had met all the requirements of 
good citizenship, and his life, devoted to worthy aims, 
had been of value in circles far beyond those of his 
immediate contact. 



of St. Paul's Anglican Church, filled several offices 
the denomination, and was held in universally hi 
regard in his community. 

William George Eakins married, in 1907, Mrs. Edi 
Zimmerman. 



WILLIAM GEORGE EAKINS, son of William 
Henry and Agnes (Lowe) Eakins (see preceding sketch), 
was born in Vienna, Ontario, November 16, 1854, 
and died in Toronto, December 21, 1913. He was edu- 
cated in the grammar schools of Ingersoll and Gait, 
and was graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts 
from the University of Toronto, receiving the silver 
medal in modern languages in 1876. In 1877 he re- 
ceived his Master's degree in arts, and in 1880, upon 
the completion of professional studies, he was called to 
the bar, practicing in Woodstock for four years. At the 
end of that time he became an editorial writer upon the 
staff of the "Toronto Mail" and for seven years con- 
tinued in this capacity. In December, 1891, Mr. 
Eakins was appointed librarian of the Law Society 
and filled this position throughout the remainder of 
his active career. He was the author of various articles 
on legal subjects, and in 1906 superintended the con- 
solidation of the statutes. Mr. Eakins was a member 



CAMERON HUSBAND— A representative of 
English family long resident in the Dominion, \ 
Husband was born in Halton county, Ontario, Septe 
ber 15, 1861, son of Henry and Mary (Alderson) Hi 
band. His father, who also was born in Halton count 
was widely known in educational circles and was 1 
twenty-eight years head master of the Oakville Pub 
School. He died in Toronto in 1920, after a long a 
active life devoted to the public good. Mr. Husband h 
the misfortune to lose his mother when he was oi 
four years old. She was a Virginian by birth, a la 
with a most dignified and beautiful character, and 1 
death constituted an irreparable loss to her family. 

Educated under his father's supervision in the pub 
schools, Mr. Husband, as a boy, threw himself into 1 
studies with all the ardor and enthusiasm of whi 
he was capable. He seemed destined to follow in ] 
father's footsteps and to become a member of the ec 
cational profession, but a special aptitude for co 
mercial affairs revealed itself in him, and, after '. 
graduation from high school, he decided to enter t 
field of business. 

Coming to Toronto in 1882, he became associat 
with the house of Gowans, Kent & Company, remaini 
for two years with this firm and applying hima 
vigorously to the study of business methods and pr 
ciples. These years intensified his conviction that i 
energies would find their proper outlet in the condi 
of business enterprises, and, in 1884, he took a forwE 
step in his career by entering the service of Rice 
Davis, the well known Toronto wholesale fruit m 
chants. He spent ten years with this firm, acquiri 
a thorough knowledge of the wholesale fruit busine 
and then resigned his position in order to establ 
himself independently. With his brother George foi 
partner, he founded the firm of Husband Brothers 
Company, wholesale dealers in fruit. This venti 
succeeded, and the partnership continued until t 
death of George Husband in 1905. Mr. Husba 
continued to conduct the business for a year after '. 
brother's death and then disposed of it and turned ] 
attention to the field of brokerage in fruit. For the pi 
fifteen years he has devoted his attention to this bran 
of brokerage, and since 1918 his son, George Camer 
Husband has been associated with him. During t 
long period of his connection with the business life 
Toronto, Mr. Husband has witnessed the growth 
the city in power and influence and has taken an acti 
part in all movements tending towards civic improi 
ment and social welfare. He belongs to the Toror 
Board of Trade and is considered an authority on 
matters connected with brokerage in his branch 
business. 

In 1885 Mr. Husband enlisted in the York and Simc 
Regiment, Canadian Infantry, and served as a privi 
during the Rebellion. Mr. Husband attends the Mel 
odist church of Toronto. He is a Mason, and belongs 
the Ancient Order of Foresters; the Canadian Order 
Foresters; and the Commercial Travellers' Associati 
of Canada. He holds membership in the Lakesi 
Country Club, the Oakville Golf Club, the Que 
City Club, and the Oakville Lawn Bowling Club. 

Mr. Husband married, in 1888, Elizabeth Sims, 
Shelbrine, Ontario. Mr. and Mrs. Husband have c 
son, George Cameron Husband, who was born May 
1896. When the World War began, George Camei 



I 



p 



I 




i/airt*niO!i kitB Co L\d. 



Eng du Ci- Wi((,ams * SntBy. 



^htuA, 




j;a<Mf' 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



137 



'usband was among the first of the Canadians to join 
le colors. He enlisted in the Toronto Flying Corps 
id was sent to England for training. In 1916 he re- 
iived a commission as lieutenant in the Royal Flying 
orps and continued in active service until 1918, when 
i received his discharge. Upon his return to Toronto, 
5 joined his father in business, and is associated with 
:m in the conduct of the fruit brokerage house of which 
[r. Husband is the head. 



ALLAN MacNAB DENOVAN— In legal circles in 
oronto the name of Allan MacNab Denovan has long 
sen familiar, his professional activity having now 
)vered a period of more than thirty-five years. 
Mr. Denovan comes of an old Scottish family, and 
s father. Rev. Joshua Denovan, was born in Glasgow, 
!otland, December 27, 1829. Rev. Mr. Denovan came 

Canada in the year 1866, bringing his family with him, 
id settled in the Eastern townships, south of Montreal, 
uebec, was active there, also in Stratford, Montreal, 
id Toronto, for many years, as a minister of the 
iptist church. He gained wide prominence through 
s labors in Toronto, as he built the Emanuel Church 

the corner of Jarvis and Wellesley streets, then one 
' the most aristocratic sections of this city. A man of 
rceful personality and a persuasive and convincing 
ieaker, he wielded a powerful influence for good 
lerever his voice was heard in sacred discourse. 
AS death occurred on January 2, 1901. He married 
. ne MacNab, who was born in Glasgow, Scotland, 
.)ril 23, 1832, and who survived him only a few 
veks, passing away in February of 1901. 
Allan MacNab Denovan was born in Glasgow, 
iotland, August 2, 1861, and was five years of age 
lien he came with his parents to Canada. Receiving 
li early education in Stratford, he also attended 
siool in Montreal, Quebec, during the family's resi- 
(nce there, then came to Toronto at the age of sixteen 
jars. The year following, in. 1878, Mr. Denovan 
etered the University of Toronto, from which he 
jiduated with the class of 1883, with the degree of 
I chelor of Arts. In 1886 he entered upon the practice 
c law in the city of Toronto, where he has since con- 
tued, his offices now being at No. 18 Toronto street. 
1: has carried on a general practice without inter- 
Dtion until the present time, always independently, 
h success being definite and permanent, and he is now 
Oi of the foremost men in the profession in Toronto. 

VIr. Denovan married, in Toronto, on September 13, 
H8, Elizabeth Parker, who was born in Toronto, 
a J is a daughter of Samuel and Deborah (Poole) 
Irker, her father a noted contractor of his day and 
0! time alderman of the city of Toronto. Mr and 
^s. Denovan are the parents of four children: Ruth, 
nv the wife of V. Evan Gray, superintendent of in- 
stance for Ontario, at the Parliament buildings at 
T-onto; Grace, now the wife of J. A. E. Braden, of 
tl firm of Gibbons, Harper & Braden, of London, 
Ctario; Allan MacNab, Jr., of further mention; and 
S nuel Parker, now studying for the profession of 
b rister. 

illan MacNab Denovan, Jr., was born in Toronto, 
Jiuary 8, 1895. His early education was received 
ii;he public schools of Toronto, the Model School, and 
tl University School, and he had just completed his 
cirse at Upper Canada College when war conditions 
we precipitated. Immediately upon the breaking out 
olthe World War, he attempted to enlist, but was 
ft'cted on physical grounds. Determined to serve 
hj country at any cost, he went to work on a farm, 
wtinuing for one year to attain physical fitness. 
'hn returning to the city he underwent an operation 



and again made application for enlistment, this time 
being accepted. He entered an officer's training camp 
and was commissioned lieutenant of Grenadiers. Al- 
though he had never seen an aeroplane, he had a strong 
desire to join the aero squad and, no immediate op- 
portunity of going overseas offering, he made appli- 
cation for transfer to the Royal Flying Corps. This was 
accomplished and he sailed for England from St. John 
in December of 1916. He began his air training in 
England at once, and being apt in learning, was com- 
missioned a pilot and given a plane in April of 1917. 
Going to France, he was wounded on June 15, losing 
the little finger of his right hand, after which he was 
in England for a time. At the end of January, 1918, 
Lieutenant Denovan returned to France as pilot of 
a "single seater," carrying three machine-guns. On 
March 26, 1918, he was reported missing, and has 
never been heard from since. A young man of rare 
promise and brilliant mental endowment, his loss was 
a sad blow to his family, and among the wide circle 
of friends who knew and loved him, he is deeply mourned. 
His father recently erected a beautiful tablet to his 
memory in St. Paul's Anglican Church in this city. 

HENRY THOMAS SMITH— Grand scribe E. of 
the Grand Chapter of Royal Arch Masons of Canada, 
Mr. Smith is so widely known that he does not require 
an introduction. He was born at London, England, 
July 11, 1859, and came to Canada with his parents 
when he was a child. 

Mr. Smith was educated in the public schools of 
London, Ontario, and acquired his technical training 
in the commercial schools of that city. A high degree 
of literary ability, united with an uncommon skill 
in transcription by shorthand or otherwise, had a de- 
termining influence upon Mr. Smith's career, and after 
teaching shorthand privately and in colleges, and ac- 
quiring a knowledge of men and affairs as a newspaper 
reporter, he became a chartered stenographic reporter 
in the courts of the Province of Ontario. While prac- 
ticing as a court stenographer, Mr. Smith reported 
many famous Canadian trials, and speeches and lectures 
by some of the world's most distinguished men. He 
subsequently became private secretary for several 
prominent men as well as secretary in the assessment 
department of the city of Toronto. For many years 
he has been editor of the "Masonic Sun," and at the 
present time he is grand scribe E. (grand secretary) 
of the Grand Chapter of Royal Arch Masons of Canada. 

Mr. Smith is an ardent believer in the power for 
good wielded throughout the world by the Masonic 
fraternity. He is an active member of that order, 
stands high in its councils, and has held many offices. 
His degrees, offices, and orders are as follows: Re- 
ceived Entered Apprentice, March 10, 1891; Fellowcraft, 
April 14, 1891; Master Mason, May 18, 1891, in St. 
Andrew's Lodge No. 16, Toronto. In this lodge, Mr. 
Smith has held the office of junior steward, senior 
steward, junior deacon, senior deacon, secretary, junior 
warden, senior warden, and, in 1899, master. In the 
Grand Lodge, Mr. Smith held the office of grand junior 
deacon in 1905, and that of grand registrar in 1910. 
He is also an honorary member of a number of lodges 
in Toronto. 

In Royal Arch Masonry, Mr. Smith was made mark 
master. May 18, 1894; past master, at Buffalo, New 
York (degree not conferred in Canada but received it 
honorary); most excellent master, June, 1894; Royal 
Arch, September 28, 1894; in the Royal Arch Chapter 
of St. Andrew and St. John, No. 4, Grand Royal Chap- 
ter, at Toronto. In this Chapter, Mr. Smith has held 
the office of junior sojourner, senior sojourner, scribe E., 



138 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



third and second principals, and, in 1901, first principal. 
In the Grand Chapter of Canada, Mr. Smith was 
elected grand senior sojourner in 1903; grand super- 
intendent of the Toronto District in 1904; and was 
elected grand scribe E. in 1916. He is also an honorary 
member of twenty or more constituent chapters in 
Toronto. 

In the Order of the Eastern Star, Mr. Smith re- 
ceived degrees in Fidelity Chapter, U. D., at Toronto, 
and subsequently became worthy patron. Previous 
to this accession, Mr. Smith had received the degrees 
honorary in the State of New York. 

In the order of the Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite, 
Mr. Smith is a member of the Toronto Lodge of Per- 
fection, Toronto Sovereign Chapter of Rose Croix, 
and Moore's Consistory, having the thirty-second 
degree. 

Mr. Smith is an honorary member of two Opera- 
tive Lodges in England. He is also an honorary mem- 
ber of the Masonic Veterans' Association of Illinois. 
For several years he was local secretary, in the Province 
of Ontario, of Quatuor Coronati, No. 2076, London, 
England. He was likewise secretary for many years, 
as well as an honorary past president of the Past Mas- 
ters' Association of Toronto district; an honorary presi- 
dent of the Principals' Association of Toronto; and 
grand representative of the Grand Chapter of Kentucky, 
near the Grand Chapter of Canada. He is also a member 
of Rameses Temple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles 
of the Mystic Shrine, Toronto. 

Mr. Smith has compiled the history of several Masonic 
bodies; has lectured and written on general Masonic 
subjects, and has also written and lectured on the 
Orange Institution and Black Knights of Ireland. 
He is an honorary member of the New York State 
Stenographers' Association. He belongs to the Black 
Knights of Ireland, is an honorary member of the 
Order of the Woodmen of the World, and has held 
high rank in the Knights of Pythias, Orange, and other 
bodies. He has received diplomas from certain literary 
societies in Europe, and is a member of the Canadian 
and Empire clubs, and likewise belongs to the Navy 
League, of Toronto. 

Mr. Smith married, on November 29, 1880, Harriet 
Stone, at London, Ontario. Mr. and Mrs. Smith have 
had three daughters, two of whom are living. 

WILLIAM CLAUDE FOX is a native Torontonian, 
and one of the pioneers of the Toronto Mining Ex- 
change, which later absorbed and assumed the name 
of the present Standard Mining Exchange. He was 
its president in 1908 and 1909, and widely known as 
the principal of the old firm of Fox & Ross, stock and 
mining brokers. 

As a lad, Mr. Fox was a pupil of the old Louisa Street 
School, and later, the old John Street School, under 
the late Samuel McAllister, which he quit after being 
the head boy of the school, and was very proud of the 
title of "Mac's Head Boy." His first job was as a 
messenger boy with the old legal firm of Harrison, 
Osier & Moss, when they had their ofl!ices at No. 36 
King street, East, during the summer holidays. His 
next job was again as a messenger boy for R. J. Hunter 
& Company, tailors and gent's furnishings, which 
was then situated on the southeast corner of King and 
Church streets. There were no Saturday afternoons 
off with him then; it was 7 a.m. to 6. p.m. every day, 
and Saturday until midnight or later. Between thirteen 
and fourteen years of age he commenced his appren- 
ticeship as a watch-maker with the original firm of 
Kent Brothers, at No. 168 Yonge street, being about the 
middle of the present Robert Simpson Store, Toronto. 



He finished the art of watch-making with their ex 
craftsman, Thomas Blundell, and subsequently ent 
the employ of W. C. Morrison, at No. 9 King sti 
West — the old firm representing the English Ru; 
Watch — remaining there for a short time. He 1 
took a position with W. J. Ward, jeweler, of Qi 
street. West, opposite the present City Hall, w 
business he ultimately acquired and carried on f( 
few years in partnership with M. H. Saunders, 
of Winnipeg, with varying success. 

Mr. Fox had considerable experience in the hand 
of bankrupt stocks, but became interested in Ton 
Real Estate as a young man, and his belief and 
fidence grew in the great future in store for Toro 
commercially, financially and educationally, and 
that he is one of the largest holders in successful 1: 
ness property, he feels his confidence had been ri 
than justified and that the future possibilities 
probabilities are greater than ever for his native i 
His special, chief hobby and joy has been moderni 
antiquated central properties. Mr. Fox's princ 
has been to buy a property, repair and hold for 
vestment, but many of the properties which he boi 
were so sought after by others that he could not 
fuse tempting offers. With one or two exception 
has never had to offer any of these properties for i 
Some of the properties which he owned and whicl 
has sold are: The former Standard Stock Excha 
building, corner Scott and Colborne streets; the Doi 
ion building, Victoria street; the Canadian builc 
Victoria street; northeast corner of Richmond 
Victoria streets, opposite Shea's Theatre; blocl< 
warehouses on Colborne street, and many otl 
The most recent property which he has disposed of 
the old Board of Trade building, situated at the nc 
east corner of Yonge and Front streets, which, w 
the Board of Trade lost it under the mortgage to 
New York Life Insurance Company, he purchi 
from that company, about 1906, and which he dispi 
of in June, 1921, to the Toronto Transportation C 
mission. 

In the early days of mining, when British Colur 
had the floor, the firm of Fox & Ross carried on or 
the most extensive businesses in mines and mi 
stocks from coast to coast. He has also taken ar 
still interested in Cobalt and Porcupine camps of 
tario. During his tenure of office the entire Exchs 
was re-organized and a new charter was obtaii 
the affairs of the organization were put on a busi 
basis, and a clearing house was established. Bu 
was careful to say that although he did his share in 
work the greater part of it devolved upon the splei 
directorate, which he fortunately had that year, amo 
whom were J. M. Wallace, J. L. Mitchell, E. Stracl 
Cox, D. G. Lorsch, and others, and they were ii 
fatigable in their efforts for the advancement of 
interests of the Exchange and the general mining 1 
iness. 

An energetic worker, Mr. Fox is a lover of all 
door sports and games, his principal recreations b 
rowing, running and swimming. He is a membe 
the Royal Canadian Yacht Club, Lake Shore Cou 
Club, Humber Valley Golf Club, Empire Club, Comr 
wealth Club, Royal Canadian Institute, and h 
one of the early members of the Bureau of Mu 
pal Research. He is a Royal Arch and Chapter M 
(St. Alban's and Antiquity). In religion he is an A 
can. 

THOMAS RICHARD HANLEY, M. B.— Bor 

Orillia, Ontario, September 11, 1884, son of Job 
contractor of Midland, Ontario, and of Mary (Simp 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



139 



[anley, Dr. Thomas R. Hanley is numbered among 

le successful members of the medical profession in 

'oronto. 

Dr. Hanley received his preparatory education in 

le public schools of his native city and of Midland, 

nd then entered the University of Toronto, from 

'hich he was graduated in 1909, with the degree of 

lachelor of Arts. Two years later he received the 

egree of Bachelor of Medicine from the same in- 

;itution. He then went to New York City, where 

)r more than a year he was engaged in post-graduate 

ork in obstetrics, medicine, and anasthesia, in the 

few York Hospital and in the Manhattan Maternity 

[ospital in New York City. Late in 1913 he returned 

) Toronto, and began his professional career as a gen- 

•al practitioner. During the decade which has elapsed 

nee that time he has been steadily building up a 

rge and important clientele and has made for him- 

•If a name and a place among the eminently able 

I presentatives of his profession in Toronto. In addi- 

ion to the responsibilities of his large and growing 

j-actice, he has rendered valuable service in numerous 

her professional connections. He is a member of 

le staff of the Toronto General Hospital, and as as- 

stant professor of anasthesia in the University of 

|Dronto, is helping to prepare the next generation 

physicians for more efficient service in the profession. 

5 a faithful and skilled practitioner, thoroughly 

luipped and progressive professional man, and an 

lie instructor. Dr. Hanley is highly esteemed in the 

ty of Toronto, not only by his professional associates 

It by his fellow-citizens in general, and especially 

■ thousands of his patients who owe to him the benefits 

medical service of a high order. He is affiliated with 

rious medical associations, including the Toronto 

■ademy of Medicine, the Dominion Medical Asso- 

Ltion, the Inter-State Medical Association, the Can- 

iuii Society of Anasthetists, the American Society 

Xnasthetists, and the National American Research 

. ii ty of Anasthesia. He is generally recognized as 

authority on the subject of anasthesia, and as a 

' cialist in that field, is called upon by many menbers 

• ' profession to render expert service in that line. 
•h all his many and varied responsibilities, Dr. 

• y wisely makes time for some forms of healthful 
tion. He is a member of the Albany Club, of the 
1 Canadian Yacht Club, of the Scarboro Golf 
, and of the Kiwanis Club. 

August 29, 1914, Dr. Hanley married Mrs. Nellie 
'itine) McCarter, daughter of Samuel and Hazel 
line, deceased, and has one son, Robert. 



DAVID ELLIS HUGHES— In an unusual line of 
iftion Mr. Hughes is achieving success in a large 
and is holding a foremost position among the 
ifacturers of Canada as a producer of advertising 
ties, calendars, and allied lines. Mr. Hughes is a 
>t John and Elizabeth (Ellis) Hughes, both now 
sed, his father having been active in farming 
iiining in Wales. 

vid Ellis Hughes was born in Montgomeryshire, 
<, July 25, 1864, and was educated in the parochial 
'!s of his native land. Leaving school at an early 
he assisted his father in gardening and farming 
lie reached his majority. In 1885 he sailed for 
la, purposing to join the Canadian Militia in 
ie; down the Riel Rebellion, but, owing to the cap- 
if Riel, the uprising was quelled before he could 
active service. Mr. Hughes located in Kingston, 
rio, and there spent a period of eight years, first 
i.ifming, and later in hospital work, as supervisor 



of a ward in the Hospital for the Insane, for the Pro- 
vincial Government. During this time he took private 
study in special lines of commercial courses, and when 
he left the hospital, continued along the same line of 
study at the Kingston Commercial College for one year. 
Coming to Toronto in 1893, he began work as a book- 
keeper, and was thus engaged for nearly three years. 
In 1895 Mr. Hughes became associated with J. L. 
Nichols & Company, a branch of an American concern, 
in the capacity of Canadian manager, and continued 
with them in this position until 1901. In that year he 
purchased the business, which he has since carried 
forward under the same name. Its field was originally 
that of subscription book publishing, but in 1900 the 
concern branched out into the manufacture of adver- 
tising calendars, which has since become the leading 
enterprise of the business. They also manufacture a 
large variety of fancy leather goods for advertising 
purposes, making and distributing probably the largest 
assortment of advertising novelties in the Dominion, 
and their business reaches throughout all the Provinces. 
Mr. Hughes is also interested in many other commercial 
enterprises, among others the Hertel Harshman Com- 
pany, of which he is vice-president. This concern 
manufactures holiday greeting cards, and are jobbers 
of school supplies, and publishers of subscription books. 

Through these various interests Mr. Hughes holds 
membership in the Canadian Manufacturers' Associa- 
tion and the Toronto Board of Trade. Since 1887 he 
has been a member of the Independent Order of For- 
esters. He is a member of the Port Credit Bowling 
Club and of the Ontario Motor League. For many 
years Mr. Hughes has been broadly active in benevolent 
and church interests. He is a member of the board of 
managers of the Children's Aid Society, and since 
1906 has been a member of the board of directors of 
the West End Young Men's Christian Association. 
Affiliated with the Presbyterian church, he is a member 
of the General Assembly's Committee which deals 
with the care of aged and infirm ministers. For the 
past term, Mr. Hughes has been chairman of the board 
of trustees for local school sections in Peel county. 
He is a member of the board of management of Knox 
College, and for many years has been a member of 
the Toronto Presbytery. Politically he is an Indepen- 
dent. During the World War, Mr. Hughes served 
on the executive committee of the different Victory 
Loan campaigns in the Peel county division. 

Mr. Hughes married, in 1895, in East Williams, 
Middlesex county, Ontario, Helen Ross, oldest daughter 
of Andrew Ross, brother of Sir George Ross. Mr. and 
Mrs. Hughes are the parents of seven children: Captain 
John Allan, of whom further; Dorothy, who died in 
infancy; Vida, who died in infancy; Bessy Bain, now a 
student at Havergal College; Marjorie M., also a student 
at the same institution; Andrew R., a student at St. 
Andrew's College; and David D., a student in the Port 
Credit Public School. The family home is at Port 
Credit, Ontario. 

Captain John Allan Hughes, M. C, who is now a 
member of the firm as departmental salesmanager, 
enlisted in the Canadian Army in 1915, immediately 
after his graduation from the University Schools, and 
went overseas with the 126th Battalion, being trans- 
ferred in France to the 116th Battalion, with which 
organization he served for nearly two years. In 1917 
he was wounded near Lens, France, and in September, 
1918, received the Military Cross for service at Bourey. 
He returned from overseas in March, 1919, and is now 
on the active militia list, holding the rank of captain, 
in command of the Port Credit Company of the Peel 
County Regiment. 



140 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



JOHN ANDREW PATERSON, K. C— After nearly 
fifty years' activity in the profession of the law, and 
long connection with various phases of advance in 
commercial, scientific, and religious circles, John Andrew 
Paterson, K. C, of Toronto, is still alert to the general 
progress. 

Mr. Paterson was born in Stornoway, Isle of Lewis, 
June 22, 1846. Gaining his elementary education 
through private tuition, he later came to Toronto, 
where he became a student at Upper Canada College, 
and in 1861 reached the coveted distinction of "Head 
Boy." He entered the University of Toronto in 1862, 
from which he graduated in the class of 1866, with the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts, and a medal for proficiency 
in mathematics, receiving his master's degree from the 
same institution the following year. In 1866 Mr. 
Paterson accepted the chair of mathematics at Upper 
Canada College, and very acceptably filled this re- 
sponsible position on the faculty of that institution 
for three years. Then taking up his legal studies, he was 
called to the bar of Ontario in the year 1873. Con- 
ducting a general practice from that time until the 
present, Mr. Paterson has won his way to eminence in 
his chosen profession. He was retained to represent 
the Ontario Government in an appeal to the Judicial 
Committee of the Privy Council, which established the 
constitutionality of the present Dominion Lord's Day 
Act. He has for many years been a member of the firm 
of Kerr, Davidson, Paterson & McFarland, with 
offices in the Excelsior Life building, of Toronto. He 
has also long been identified with the North American 
Life Assurance Company, as a director, but he has 
allowed few other business interests to distract his 
attention from his profession. A profound student of 
conditions and affairs, Mr. Paterson has long been a 
recognized authority on many lines of legal procedure, 
and was created King's Counsel in 1902. 

The realm of astronomy is Mr. Paterson's chief 
recreative interest, and he is a frequent contributor 
to various technical and popular journals on astronom- 
ical subjects. He has for many years been a member 
ofthe Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, andis ex- 
president of that organization. Politically Mr. Paterson 
is a Liberal and a prohibitionist, and he is a very active 
mjember of the Presbyterian church. He was chair- 
man of the Layman's Missionary Canadian Council, 
and wa^ also chairman of the finance board of the 
Presbyterian church, and is now vice-chairman of 
the general board of the church, and solicitor of the 
church and manse board, and Knox College. He is 
a former president of the Ontario Sunday School Asso- 
ciation, and is now a senator of Knox College. He 
has had four children, one of them, Ernest R. Pater- 
son, having been the first Rhodes scholar of the Uni- 
versity of Toronto, and a champion tennis player. 



EDWARD BLAKE THOMPSON, senior member of 
the firm of Campbell, Thompson & Company, invest- 
ment bankers, of Toronto, was born at Medford, On- 
tario, July 31, 1881, son of Alexander and Isabella 
(Milne) Thompson. 

Mr. Thompson was educated in the public schools 
of Medford, and after graduating from high school at 
the age of seventeen years, he entered the banking 
world as a junior clerk in Molson's Bank at Medford. 
His natural aptitude for the business of banking soon 
disclosed itself and he remained at Molson's for twelve 
years, filling various positions in the Medford bank, 
and being stationed at different periods of time at 
St. Thomas, Kingswell, Woodstock, and Trenton, 
Ontario. 



In August, 1910, Mr. Thompson came to Toron 
and established the firm of Campbell, Thompson 
Company. This house has been extremely successf 
and having an established reputation for safe and ec 
servative methods, is regarded with favor by leadi 
bankers throughout Eastern Canada. 

Mr. Thompson is a member of the Deerpark Pr 
byterian Church. He is an ardent devotee of golf a 
belongs to the Rosedale Golf Club. He also ho 
membership in the Ontario Club, the Granite CI] 
Canadian Club, the Empire Club, and theCanadi 
Club of New York. Mr. Thompson's home is 
No. 34 Parkwood avenue. 

Mr. Thompson married, on November 2, 1905, M 
garet Campbell, daughter of the late John and Mi 
(Smith) Campbell, of St. Thomas, Ontario. Mr. 2 
Mrs. Thompson have four children: Alexander 
who is a student at Upper Canada College; Isal 
Edward; and Phyllis. 

RALPH C. MURTON— In entering the finani 
field in young manhood, Mr. Murton followed the 
ample of his honored father, John Walter Murton, 1 
of the earliest private bankers in the Province. Ji 
Walter Murton established his private banking ho 
at Hamilton, eariy in the latter half of the mnetee 
century, later changing his operations to coal deali 
in which he continued on a large scale for mi 
years. About 1894 he entered the public service 
sheriff of Wentworth county, holding that oflSce u 
his death in 1898. He was prominent in the Masc 
order, filled all the chairs of the Scottish Rite bod 
i-eceived the coveted thirty-third degree, and 
honored, by his name being given to Murton Lodg( 
Perfection, of Hamilton, some time prior to his de; 
He married (first) Sophia Clark, of Hamilton, who c 
in 1884, and married (second) Chariotte Emily Ro 
of Hamilton, who now resides in that place. J 
Walter Murton was an uncle of Sir Edmund Walke 

Ralph C. Murton, youngest son of John Walter 
Sophia (Clark) Murton, was born in Hamilton, 
tario, in 1884, there attending the public schc 
Upon the completion of his education he entered 
1904, the Traders' Bank of Canada, later becon 
employed by the Sovereign Bank of Canada at 
Catharines. In 1909 he organized the firm of Ralpl 
Murton & Company, accountants, auditors, and 
tematizers, the present location at No. 36 Ton 
street. The commissions of the firm have been ir 
fields of industry and business, and a large clientele 
resulted from the efficient and satisfactory ser 
they have rendered at all times. Mr. Murton has 
sociated with him assistants of expert knowledge 
broad experience and the outstanding success that 
attended the firm's activities in its field has been 
in principal measure to his wise and energetic direc 
of its affairs. He is a member and one of the incorp 
tors of the Associated Public Accountants, Ltd. 
Canada. He is a communicant of Christ s Chi 
Anglican, at Deer Park. . 

Mr. Murton married, in Toronto, in 1907, Kath 
Hamilton, great-granddaughter of the Hon. Ro 
Hamilton, of Hamilton, Ontario. They are the pai 
of three children: Aline Hamilton, Kathleen Lies 
and Ruth Eloise. The family home is at Rose 1 
drive, Moore Park, Toronto. 

HUGH JOHN MACDONALD— Formeriy profi 
of English and Economies at the University of Ott 
Mr. Macdonald gave up his Chair to enter upon 
practice of law as a barrister. A native of Prince Ed' 
Island, he was born on his father's farm in that Prov 



141 



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^to 



ing 

iry 

are 

jui'neen, 



^ presi- 

'■>'■«' of 




.0 , 



/ 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



141 



jy 6, 1881, son of Ronald Andrew and Mary (Mac- 
lac) Macdonald. His father, a teacher by profession, 
s born on Prince Edward Island in 1849, and died 
jre in 1902, at the age of fifty-three years. Mr. 
acdonald's mother was born in Newfoundland, and 
id in the year 1887, at the early age of twenty-four. 
Mr. Macdonald received his preliminary education 
the public schools of Prince Edward Island. After 
i graduation, he proceeded to St. Dunstan's Uni- 
rsity at Charlottetown, where he spent a year in 
idy. He obtained a first-class teacher's license at 
ince of Wales College and began teaching the following 
ar. He met with great success as a teacher, and after 

years became vice-principal of the Georgetown 
•ammar School, a position he held for one year. Mr. 
acdonald then decided to resume his studies and, 
cordingly, became a student at the University of 
tawa. He completed the course in arts, and was 
iduated in 1903, with the degree of Bachelor of Phil- 
jphy, and a year later, received the degree of Bachelor 
Arts. During the following year he remained at the 
liversity of Ottawa as professor of English and Econ- 
lics. Deciding to enter the legal profession, however, 
r. Macdonald came to Toronto in 1905 and became 
aw student at Osgoode Hall. He was graduated from 

lis institution in 1908 and shortly afterwards took up 
li practice of law, establishing his office in the Crown 
:ice building. With the exception of one year, during 
mich he was associated with the late James S. Fullerton, 
tng's Counsel, Mr. Macdonald has always practiced 
ilependently. He maintained his office in the Crown 
cice building until 1921, when he moved to the Hob- 
Irlin building, his present address. His practice is 
fieral, but he undertakes special corporation work. 

1 polities, Mr. Macdonald is a Conservative. His 
(lege fraternity is the Delta Chi, Osgoode Hall. 

Mr. Macdonald married, in 1909, in Ottawa, Florence 
lirriet Chubbuck, who was born in Ottawa, daughter 
cC. E. D. and Harriet (Burrows) Chubbuck. Her fath- 
ewas for many years connected with the Department 
t Railways and Canals. Her parents are now resi- 
cits of England. Mr. and Mrs. Macdonald have two 
sis: Hugh, Jr., who was born May 28, 1916; and Neil 
I;lis, who was born March 31, 1921. In 1921 Mrs. 
hcdonald was president of the Earlscourt Branch of 
t! Great War Veterans' Association, and she has al- 
vys taken a very active part in matters affecting the 
werans. 



lESSE O. McCarthy— President and general 
r.nager of a Toronto institution whose activities are 
pductive of benefit to the community and district, 
ti Security Life Insurance Company of Canada, 
^•. McCarthy has to his credit valuable civic service 
i pired by a broad public spirit and furthered by his 
fjancial experience and business knowledge. Mr. 
>;Carthy is a native of Walpole township, Haldimand 
cmty, Ontario, born November 10, 1867, son of 
Carles Callahan and Margaret Frances (Williams) 
^:Carthy. 

fesse O. McCarthy attended public schools in his 
.yjth, and in young manhood was a school teacher, 
iil892 becoming a life insurance agent. From 1893 to 
1>5 he was inspector and superintendent of agencies 
fi the Temperance and General Life Assurance Com- 
ply of Toronto, and from 1906 to 1909 provincial 
nnager for the Great West Life Assurance Company 
Toronto, resigning to accept the managership at 
Ironto of the Aetna Life Assurance Company which 
hheld from 1910 to 1912. In the latter year he was 
eited to the presidency of the Sterling Life Assurance 
Cmpany, serving in this capacity in 1912, 1913 and 



I 



1914, the company then being merged with the Security 
Life Insurance Company of Canada under the latter 
name. Mr. McCarthy is now president and general 
manager of this company. He is also president of the 
Greater Canada Security Corporation, president of 
the Investors' Service Corporatiort, director of the 
La Paz Oil Corporation, president of the Quebec and 
Ontario Mortgage Bond Corporation, Ltd. 

In 1910 and 1911 Mr. McCarthy served as a member of 
the Board of Aldermen of Toronto, and in 1912-13-14 
he was controller of the city, an office for which his 
official abilities amply qualified him. Mr. McCarthy 
holds advanced views of municipal responsibilities 
towards its citizenship, and to him belongs the credit 
for the establishment in Toronto of a juvenile court, 
the first in Canada. While a member of the City Coun- 
cil he gave real service in connection with the re-organ 
ization of the Health Department, Isolation Hospitr'l, 
General Hospital, water supply, food inspection, and all 
matters tending to better living conditions in Toronto 
He was a constant and strong supporter of technical 
schools in the days when support was needed. 

Mr. McCarthy has had an active part in every 
activity for social welfare in Toronto and in Ontario for 
the last tweny-five years. In those instances where 
beneficial results are obtainable through the civil 
authorities, he has bent his energies toward placing these 
in motion, but he has been equally active in private 
organizations. He was president of the Canadian Con- 
ference of Charities and Correction, president of the 
Ontario Association for the Care of the Feeble-minded, 
and is a member of the Canadian Public Health As- 
sociation and of the Association for the Prevention 
of Tuberculosis. He is a member of the Parkdale 
Canoe Club, Parkdale Lawn Bowling Club, and affiliates 
with the Sons of Temperance, the Loyal Orange Order, 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and the Can- 
adian Order of Foresters. His religious convictions 
are Methodist. His chief recreations are in lawn bowling 
and motoring. 

Mr. McCarthy married, August 10, 1892, Mary 
Davis, daughter of James Grant Davis, and they are 
the parents of three children: Lilian Pearl, Vourneen, 
and Davis. 

ROBERT THOMAS NOBLE, M. B.— The presi- 
dency of the Toronto Academy of Medicine, one of 
the profession's high honors, came to Dr. Noble in 
1921, after a quarter of a century of useful practice re- 
warded with notable standing among his medical 
colleagues. For more than twenty years of this time 
he has been a resident and practitioner of Toronto, a 
leader of his calling in the city. 

Robert Thomas Noble, son of Robert and Marion 
(Laing) Noble, the father a grain dealer and miller of 
Norval, Ontario, was born at that place July 3, 1871. 
After attending public schools in his birthplace he 
prepared for college at St. Catharines, subsequently 
entering the University of Toronto, whence he was 
graduated in 1895, with the degree of Bachelor of Med- 
icine. The year following graduation was spent as 
interne in the Hamilton City Hospital, after which he 
went to New York City, where he passed several months 
in the Post-Graduate Hospital. His general practice 
began at Brampton, Ontario, in 1896, and continued 
with excellent success until 1902, when he came to 
Toronto and first occupied an office at No. 74 Gerrard 
street, then at No. 322 Bloor street. West, and finally, at 
No. 216 St. Clair avenue. West, his present location. 
His practice in this city has assumed large proportions, 
and the faithful devotion of strong abilities to the de- 
mands and problems of his calling has placed him high 



142 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



in medical circles. In connection with his general 
practice, which has extended into all fields, he served 
for many years as a member of the staff of Grace Hos- 
pital, of which he is now consulting physician. As- 
sociation with his fellow-practitioners in the work of 
the Toronto Academy of Medicine has long been one 
of his chief interests, for he regards such contact and 
communion as one of the most potent agencies for the 
advancement of professional aims and the dissemination 
of medical knowledge. In 1921 his professional coil- 
leagues honored him with election to the presidency of 
the Toronto Academy of Medicine and as executive 
officer of the academy his deep concern for its influence 
as an instrument of good to the cause of medicine and 
to the community has inspired him in diligent and 
effective administration. Dr. Noble is also a member 
of the Ontario Medical Association and the Canadian 
Medical Association. His fraternal affiliations are with 
Ionic Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, and he is a 
member of the Rotary Club. He is a communicant of 
St. James' Square Presbyterian Church and for a num- 
ber of years has been a member of its session as elder. 

Dr. Noble married Susannah Harriett Hodgetts, of 
St Catharines, and they are the parents of three child- 
ren: 1. Warwick Hodgetts, born in Brampton, June 
11, 1900, a graduate of the University of Toronto, B.A., 
in 1921, now studying law at Osgoode Hall Law School. 
He enlisted in the Canadian Expeditionary Forces 
during the Great World War and won sergeant's rank. 
2. Edward Clark, born in Brampton, December 29, 
1901, a graduate of the University of Toronto, M.A., in 
1921, now a student of medicine. 3. Robert Laing, 
born in Toronto, February 3, 1910, a pupil at the 
University Schools. 

FRANK LAW — Broadly significant to the economic 
security of the city and Province are industrial or- 
ganizations such as those of which FVank Law, of Toronto, 
is the head. His principal interest, the Oak Tire & 
Rubber Company, Ltd., is strikingly representative 
of the wonderful advance in manufacturing conditions 
in Canada during recent years. 

Mr. Law was born at Burton-on-Trent, England, 
on September 24, 1872, and is a son of Charles and Mary 
Jane (Dyche) Law, both now deceased. Mr. Law was 
educated in the public schools of his native land, and 
came to Canada in 1894, locating first in Montreal, 
where he remained for about twelve years. In 1906 
he became a resident of Toronto, and up to 1912 he 
was active in the insurance and brokerage business. 
Thereafter, entering the rubber business, the out- 
come of his experience was the organization in 1916, 
of the Oak Tire & Rubber Company, Ltd., which has 
made a most remarkable growth. Scarcely more than 
five years have passed since the organization of the con- 
cern, but it now has a capital of three millions of dol- 
lars, and is one of the foremost manufacturing es- 
tablishments of its class in the Dominion. Founded 
upon the universally recognized principles of business 
success — quality of product and that economy in pro- 
duction which is based upon efficient, rather than cheap 
labor. Regardless of the widespread business depression 
which in the past few years has been fatal to many older 
concerns, the Oak Tire & Rubber Company, Ltd., has 
made rapid progress and, through the year 1921, the 
demand for their product has necessitated the operation 
of the plant at Oakville, twenty-three hours of every 
day excepting holidays and Sundays. The plant is 
equipped with the most modern machinery, their 
calender machines being of the largest type in operation 
in any tire plant in the Dominion. Since the inception 
of the business, improvement has constantly gone 



forward side by side with production, a modern lab 
tory, pronounced by experts from the United St 
to be one of the finest on the Continent, pointing 
way. Here tests of every imaginable kind are mad 
bring the product to the standard of the house — wl 
is perfection. Plans are now in preparation which 
treble the floor space of the plant, and with the ad 
space and the installation of the new equipment, 
concern will produce not only an increased quantit; 
both fabric and cord tires, and inner tubes (now 
exclusive product), but will embark upon the mi 
facture of mechanical and other rubber goods. T 
building operations will also include twenty dwell 
for employees and a spacious boarding house, all 
signed to meet the standard of comfort, which is 
ceptable to the high class workman of today, no o' 
group of workmen finding a place in the economy of 
plant. 

In connection with the above, his leading intei 
Mr. Law is president of the Plummer Machine Comp: 
Ltd., of Canada, being more or less active in the aff 
of this concern, and holding the same high standi 
which obtain in the first mentioned business. At 
time plans are going forward for the acquisition c 
rubber plant in the United States. He is also ex-v 
president of the Ontario Equitable Life Insure 
Company. He is a member of the Canadian W 
ufacturers' Association, and of the Toronto Boarc 
Trade. His social connections include members 
in the Old Colony Club, the Lake Shore Country C 
and the Oakville Golf Club. He is a member of 
Anglican church. 

Mr. Law married, in Montreal, in September, li 
Florence Ellen Lawes, of Wiltshire, England, and t 
have three children: Leonard Warren, Isabel Florei 
and Dorothy Evelyn. The family home is "Woodleij 
Oakville, Ontario. 

LIEUTENANT-COLONELRICHARDHALLIBI 
TON GREER, K. C. — As a member of the wic 
known law firm of Smith, Rae & Greer, Lieut.-( 
Richard Halliburton Greer, K. C, holds a position 
prominence in his profession. He is descended fi 
North of Ireland ancestry, his grandfather ha'v 
come to Canada previous to 1845, settling in Toroi 
James Greer, Lieutenant-Colonel Greer's father, ■ 
born in Toronto, is still living and a resident 
this city, and for the past thirty-five years he has b 
engaged in government work, in the customs dep. 
ment. His mother, Margaret. (Halliburton), Gn 
died in January, 1916, and was also a native of Toro! 

Lieutenant-Colonel Greer was born in Toror 
October 19, 1878, and his early education was acqui 
in the public schools of the city. Later attending 
Jarvis Street Collegiate Institute, he eventually ente 
Toronto University, from which he was gradua 
in the class of 1898, with the degree of Bachelor 
Arts. His choice of a profession early determined, 
pursued his legal studies in the Law School at Osgoi 
Hall, and was called to the bar in 1901. Becomin 
member of the present firm at that time, he has c 
tinuously practiced law in Toronto since, handlini 
general practice, having been appointed crown attori 
for the county of York on October 17, 1911. Serving 
that capacity until September 1, 1920, he was crea 
King's Counsel on July 28, 1921. He organized s 
commanded the 180th Sportsman Battalion, which w 
overseas for service in the World War, and which ' 
broken up in England on January 6, 1917, to becom 
part of the Imperial British army. He was dischar 
in May, 1917, but in September of the same year 
came re-attached to the army, and was in charge of 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



143 



litary service in Military Division, No. 2, from Oc- 
ber of that year until the close of the war. He is 
w a member of the Officers' Reserve, holding the rank 
lieutenant-colonel. Fraternally he holds membership 
Connaught Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, of 
imico, Ontario, and he is a member of the Albany 
ub of Toronto, and of the Scarboro Golf Club. He 
a member of the Anglican church. 
Lieutenant-Colonel Greer married, in Chicago, Illi- 
is, in 1904, Annie M. Walsh, of Indian River, On- 
rio. 



HENRY LLOYD MATTHEWS— At the head of one 
the long-established and prosperous manufacturing 
terprises of Toronto, Mr. Matthews holds a position 
prominence in this city. He is a son of William 
ader and Mary Ann (Lloyd) Matthews, his father, 
,10 died in 1900, having been the founder of the present 
isiness. 

Henry Lloyd Matthews was born in Aurora, Ontario, 
!irch 28, 1868, and received a practical education in 
.; public schools of Toronto. At an early age Mr. 
[itthews entered the employ of The Copp, Clark 
Impany, Ltd., wholseale stationers, in the capacity 
: clerk, later becoming a travelling salesman with the 
ijne concern, and eventually being in their employ 
i a period of nine years. He then became associated 
fjh his father, William L. Matthews, in the firm of 
htthews Brothers & Company. This long prominent 
ncern was founded in 1861, as a partnership, by H. J. 
ii W. L. Matthews, under the firm name of H. J. 
htthews & Brother, located at No. 93 Yonge street, 
si comprised a retail picture framing business. In 
1)5 William L. Matthews sold out his interest, with- 
diwing from partnership, and Henry L. Matthews 
eitinued with his father, entering with him upon the 
cv enterprise which has become so successful. To- 
Jher they began the manufacture of picture frame 
nuldings, Charles Frederick Matthews, another son 
othe founder, whose life is reviewed in the following 
s-tch, soon becoming identified with the business. 
leir first location was at Nos. 48-52 Temperance 
B jet, where, under the name of Matthews Brothers & 
Cmpany, they occupied a four-story building, later 
aiing another floor. Upon the death of William L. 
Aitthews, in 1900, his sons continued the business 
whout interruption, and its history has been one of 
C'.stant expansion and growth. In the first plant 
tly employed about seventy-five people, most of the 
wk being done by hand. Later on, the wood-working 
diartment was removed to No. 1906 Dundas street, 
Vst, and in 1904 a large three-story building was 
e.cted on that site, to which the entire business was 
rtioved. In 1912 additions were made to this structure, 
ai now their plant covers an acre and a quarter of 
g:und, and they occupy in their building fully 30,000 
8(are feet of floor space, employing one hundred 
p pie. The plant is fully equipped with the most 
irJern machinery and labor-saving devices, increasing 
tl output enormously over the early methods. In 
11(0 the company began the manufacture of mirrors, 
wch they are still carrying forward, and their product 
all includes room mouldings, picture mouldings and 
P' ure frames. They are among the largest concerns 
■ ; field, and sell throughout Canada and the British 
-1 . They have done business under the name of 
> uhews Brothers, Ltd., since their incorporation in 
liO, and the officers are now as follows: Mrs. M. A. 
VttViews, widow of William L. Matthews, president; 
L. Matthews, vice-president and managing 
iir, and Charles F. Matthews, secretary and treas- 



urer. During the Great World War fourteen members 
of the Matthews force were in the service. 

As the head of this business, Henry L. Matthews holds 
membership in the Toronto Board of Trade, and in 
the Canadian Manufacturers' Association. He finds 
little leisure for outside activities, his time being largely 
absorbed by the business. He is a member of the 
Methodist church. 

Mr. Matthews married Edith Howard Coles, daughter 
of William Coles, of Toronto, an early confectioner 
and baker of this city, later in the flour and feed business 
here. Mr. and Mrs. Matthews have five children: 
Edna Howard, wife of Dr. George E. Darby; Constance 
McLeod; Wilson Lloyd, who served as lieutenant of 
artillery during the World War, and was three years in 
the service, part of the time overseas; Alan Stuart; 
and Mary Elizabeth. 

CHARLES FREDERICK MATTHEWS— Of Tor- 
onto birth and training, and now a member of one of 
the prominent limited companies of Toronto, Charles 
Frederick Matthews is a representative business ex- 
ecutive of this city and is well known in manufacturing 
circles today. He is a son of William Loader and Mary 
Ann (Lloyd) Matthews (see preceding sketch), long 
residents of Toronto. 

Charles Frederick Matthews was born in Toronto, 
August 3, 1877, and received his early education in 
the public schools of the city, completing his studies 
at Harbord Collegiate Institute. Directly from school, 
Mr. Matthews became associated with his father, 
and with his brother, Henry L. Matthews, in the busi- 
ness of which he has ever since been an active factor, 
and for the greater part of the time an executive. 'The 
history of this concern is reviewed in the preceding 
sketch of his brother, Henry L. 

As a member of the Toronto Board of Trade, Mr. 
Matthews is broadly interested in all civic advance. 
His recreative interests center in his summer home 
on Georgian Bay, and his favorite relaxation is boating. 
He is a member of the Toronto Canoe Club and the 
Lake Shore Country Club, and he attends the Methodist 
church. 

Mr. Matthews married Margaret Jessie Rose, daugh- 
ter of J. L. Rose, and they have two children: Ronald 
Frederick, and Catherine Grace. Their Toronto resi- 
dence is at No. 19 High Park avenue. 

GEORGE WHITAKER MORLEY— Firmly be- 
lieving in the principle that good foundations, well laid, 
make for the perfect building, George Whitaker Morley 
worked from the time he was old enough to think for 
himself, determined to find his right place in life and 
to accept no half-way measure of success. 

He was born in Orangeville, Ontario, in November, 
1882, son of the Rev. Canon and Annie E. (Jackson) 
Morley. His mother is now deceased. When he was 
eleven years of age he entered Trinity College School 
at Port Hope, graduating in 1900. Very soon after 
his graduation he accepted a position with the St. 
Catharines' branch of the Canadian Bank of Commerce 
as junior clerk, and four years later, although only 
twenty-one years of age, he was promoted to the 
responsible position of teller in the same institution. 

Always working toward the goal of his ambition, 
that of an independent worker, he filled successively 
and ably the position of teller and accountant at Elk- 
horn, Manitoba; teller and secretary to the manager 
at Regina, for one year; receiving teller at Winnipeg; 
accountant at Belleville, Ontario; and assistant ac- 
countant at Hamilton, Ontario. In December, 1906, 
he decided to give up banking, temporarily resigned 



144 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



his position at Hamilton and entered Toronto Univer- 
sity, sf)ecializing in political economy, graduating in 
1910. He again joined the staff of the Canadian Bank 
of Commerce, remaining four months, as discount 
clerk. In January, 1911, he was appointed accountant 
at Moose Jaw, and the following month took on the added 
responsibility of first manager of the Clearing House 
at the same place, holding both positions until Sep- 
tember, 1911, when he resigned to take up the study 
of Law at Osgoode Hall Law School. During his three 
years there as student, Mr. Morley was associated with 
Bieknell, Bain & Strathy, gaining valuable experience 
in winding up the affairs of the Farmers Bank of Can- 
ada, and also the Ontario Bank. In 1914 he was called 
to the bar and became solicitor with Bieknell, Bain & 
Strathy. At the annual meeting of the Canadian 
Bankers' Association held November 12, 1914, Mr. 
Morley was appointed secretary-treasurer. Upon the 
death of the president, Colonel D. R. Wilkie, and the 
election of Mr. George Burn as president, the office 
moved to Ottawa, in 1915. 

Mr. Morley's executive ability and initiative have 
always been very quickly recognized. This was evident 
even during his college career when his fondness for 
outdoor sports made him a leader among his fellows, 
and he was made secretary of the Athletic Association, 
business manager of the "Toronto University Review," 
and captain of the College Cricket Team. 

In January, 1917, he severed his connections with the 
Canadian Bankers' Association and joined the colors. 
While undergoing training at Kingston, he met with a 
serious accident which made it necessary for him to 
sever all connections with military life. For a short 
time after he left the army he was connected with the 
legal firm of Osier, Hoskins & Harcourt, but in July, 
1918, he formed the legal firm of G. W. Morley & Com- 
pany, Toronto, with J. A. McAndrew (formerly official 
referee for Ontario Bank, and the Farmers' Bank of 
Canada), as counsel. His injury did not entirely pre- 
vent his active participation in the service of his coun- 
try, and to him must be given much of the credit for 
the adoption by the War Committee of the Cabinet 
and National War Savings Committee of several sug- 
gestions respecting the carrying on of the thrift cam- 
paign. 

Mr. Morley is the organizer and president of the 
Kemp Metal Auto Wheel Company, Ltd., of Toronto, 
a new auto wheel manufacturing corporation of great 
possibilities. 

Mr. Morley's time is much taken up by his profession, 
but he realizes the need of occasional playing, and 
when opportunity offers he engages in a game of cricket, 
tennis, or some other out-door sport. He is an active 
member of the Masonic order, Ionic Lodge, Board of 
Trade, and a member of the Rideau Club of Ottawa. 
In politics he is a Conservative. In religion he is an 
Anglican, is affiliated with Grace Church on the Hill, 
and is a member of the boards of Trinity College and 
Bishop Strachan School. 

On June 24, 1915, he married M. Olive Boyd. They 
have three children: Mary Gertrude, George Thornton, 
and Lawrence Whitaker. 



RICHARD GEORGE McCLELLAND— A native of 
Ontario, and trained for his chosen profession in the 
educational institutions of Toronto, Richard George 
McClelland has practiced law in Toronto for the past 
five years, and is winning his way to success. Mr. 
McClelland is a son of John and Helen (Spark) Mc- 
Clelland, of the township of Garafraxa, in the county 
of Wellington, Ontario. 



Richard George McClelland was born in the ' 
of Arthur, Wellington county, Ontario, May 22, 
and received his early education in the publi 
high schools of that community. Making his 
of a career at an early age, Mr. McClelland e: 
the University of Toronto for his classical coursi 
was graduated from that institution in the cl 
1914, receiving the degree of Bachelor of Arts, 
suing his legal studies at Osgoode Hall Law Schc 
was called to the bar on May 25, 1917, and s 
thereafter entered upon the practice of law in To 
With offices in the Imperial Bank building on 
street, he is holding a position of prominence in th 
fession, and his friends are confident that the 
holds for him large success. 

Mr. McClelland is a member of the Ontario 
Association and the York County Law Associ 
and is a member of the Toronto Board of Trade 
Conservative in political faith, he has never th 
sought public honors. Fraternally he holds memb 
in Prince Arthur Lodge, No. 334, Free and Ac( 
Masons, and in the Robert Burns Camp of the 
of Scotland, and is also a charter member of the T( 
Lodge, No. 16, the Canadian Order of Elks, 
prominently identified with the Young Men's Chi 
Association, is single, and is a member of the 
dale Presbyterian Church. 

LIEUTENANT-COLONEL THE HON. ROl 
ALLAN PYNE, M. B., M. D., M. C. P. & S. 

Pyne, in professional and public service, has a i 
of long and distinguished activity in the city and 
ince, while much of his work has been performe 
yond these confines. He is a licensed practi 
of several States of the United States, supervise 
erection of the famous military hospital at Orpii 
England, by request of the Ontario Governmen 
has long been prominent in educational affairs, 
following paragraphs, outlining these and oth( 
tivities in more detail, are the review of a val 
useful career. 

Dr. Robert Allan Pyne is a son of Thomas 
M. D., a native of Waterford, Ireland, and 1 
Jane (Roberts) Pyne, his mother a cousin of 
Marshal Earl Roberts. Dr. Thomas Pyne, upon c 
to Canada, settled first at Newmarket, later n 
Toronto his home. 

Robert Allan Pyne was born in Newmarket, Or 
October 29, 1853, and after attending grammar sc 
also studying under private instruction in his 
place, he entered Toronto University, whence h 
graduated M. B. in the class of 1878, and in 
awarded the degree of M. D. from that instit 
In this year he was licensed to practice by the C 
of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario, and 
professional work in Toronto, becoming assista 
the asylum under Dr. Daniel Clarke, and afte 
assistant surgeon to Dr. C. O'Reilly, superinte 
of the Toronto General Hospital. Toronto has a 
been the scene of his medical work, and in addit 
attending to a practice that reached large propo 
he formed several military associations in profes 
connections. He became assistant surgeon in the 
Royal Regiment in 1880, also serving in the 1 
seventh Haldimand Rifles, and was assistant si| 
of the Royal Grenadiers of Toronto. 

Dr. Pyne was a member of the first Board of '. 
of the city of Toronto. He holds numerous licei 
practice in the United States, gaining this pi| 
in New York in 1891, in Michigan in 1900, frc 
State Medical Board in California in 1902, and 
braska in 1903. From 1880 to 1907 he was rei 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



145 



the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario, 
ding a position of wide influence in his calling. 
Dr. Pyne early became interested in educational 
itters and as the incumbent of official position and 
a private citizen has worked tirelessly to advance 
ool welfare in his city. He was for a time a member 
the High School Board, for eight years was a member 
the Toronto School Board and its chairman for a 
•t of that time, and for five years he was a member 
1 for one year chairman of the Toronto Free Library 
ard. In 1906 he represented the Province of Ontario 
the Imperial Educational Conference at London, 
gland. He also served the Canadian Correspondence 
lool as director. A Conservative in politics. Dr. 
ne sat for East Toronto in the Provincial Legis- 
ure from 1898 to 1918. From February 8, 1905, 
1914, he was Minister of Education in the Whitney 
binet, and upon the succession of the Hearst ad- 
iiistration was re-appointed to this same responsible 
ce, serving until his resignation in 1818 to accept 

■ clerkship of York county courts. During his term 
office the educational system was greatly developed, 

legislative grants to schools largely increased, the 
icy of cheap text-books inaugurated, and a complete 
anization for technical training and agricultural 
ohing in elementary and secondary schools effected, 
I) for the physical and mental condition of children. 
> successful expansion of the Provincial Schools for 
iif Children at Belleville and for blind children at 
li.ntford is due in great measure to his encouragement 
i his knowledge as a physician. 
n 1915 he was requested by the Ontario Government 
:visit England as representative of the Province in 
Election with the gift to England of the military hospit- 
br wounded soldiers. He was gazetted a lieutenant- 
onel in the Canadian army and in this capacity 
icted the construction of the hospital at Orpington, 
Git, England, which has been pronounced the best 
Clipped and most efficiently organized institution of 
s.ind growing out of the World War. Dr. Pyne fratern- 
« with the Masonic order, the Sons of England, and 
h Loyal Orange Lodge. He is a member of the An- 
liin Church of the Epiphany. His clubs are the 
t(al Canadian Yacht, Toronto and Lake Shore 
Gentry, and he is a member of the Canadian Military 
nitute. All of his life he has been fond of out-of-door 
pis as a contestant and as a spectator, and as a 
oiger man was noted as a cricketer, being a member 
f le Beaver Cricket Club, also the Lacrosse Club. 

r. Pyne married Mary Isabel, daughter of His 
Icor, Judge MacQueen, County of Oxford, Ontario, 
n they have the following children: 1. Mona Aileen, 

■ h married A. H. Davies, of Toronto. 2. Frederick 
Rierts. 3. Frank Herbert, served overseas with 
hjVrmy Service Corps for three and one-half years. 

uMES HOUSTON SPENCE, K. C— For more 
as a quarter of a century prominent in legal circles 
1 ntario, James Houston Spence, K. C, is one of the 
«ing professional men of the day in Toronto. Mr. 
Wee comes of Scottish ancestry, and is a son of 
^^m and Mary (Wishart) Spence, both natives of 
«Sand. His parents came to Canada in the year 
86 and settled in Bruce county, Ontario. His father, 
i^g the greater part of his lifetime, was engaged as 
Utjier, being a captain on the Great Lakes, but spent 
Beclining years on his farm. He died in 1899, his 

"•surviving him about nineteen years. 
""=; Houston Spence was born in the township of 
■k, Bruce county, Ontario, in 1867, and after 
■-ling his elementary studies in the public schools 

iahis home, attended the London (Ontario) Collegi- 



ate Institute, and later the Walkerton Collegiate In- 
stitute. He prepared for his profession at the Law 
School of Ontario, also reading law with the Hon. 
Mr. Justice Teetzel. Having been called to the bar in 
1896, Mr. Spence entered the firm of Watson, Smoke & 
Masten, as junior partner. In 1900 the firm of Masten, 
Starr & Spence was formed, and continued until the 
elevation of Mr. Justice Masten to the bench of the 
Supreme Court of Ontario, which event took place in 
19i5. The firm then assumed its present form of Starr, 
Spence & Eraser. Mr. Spence has always been an active 
member of the firm, and has specialized in corporation 
commercial, and municipal law. He is general solicitor 
and counsel for the Bank of Nova Scotia for Ontario, 
and is also solicitor for the township of York. In Jan- 
uary, 1917, he was elected a Bencher of the law Society 
of Upper Canada, and in January, 1922, he was created 
King's Counsel. 

Mr. Spence has always been interested in public 
affairs, and has been an active worker in the ranks of 
the Liberal party. At the last Dominion election he 
was chairman of the election committee of Central 
Ontario. As a young man he served with the 13th 
Hamilton Regiment, Company D., of which he was a 
member from 1890 until 1893. Fraternally, Mr. Spence 
is identified with the Masonic order, and is past master 
of the Ionic Lodge. He has long held membership in 
the leading Toronto clubs, and is now president of the 
Ontario Club. He is a member of the Granite Club, 
the Caledonian Club, the Rosedale Golf, and Queen 
City Curling clubs, and St. Andrew's Society. His 
religious affiliation is with the Presbyterian church, 
in which he takes a deep interest, giving freely of his 
time, his ability, and his means for the furtherance of 
its activities. 

Mr. Spence married, on September 20, 1902, Mar- 
guerite Hackland, daughter of the late James Hackland, 
of Paris, Ontario, and they are the parents of three 
sons and one daughter: Wishart F., James M., George 
H., and Helen M. The delightful family home is located 
at No. 32 Hawthorne avenue, Toronto, and Mr. Spence 
has retained the family home in Southampton as a 
summer residence. 



ROBERT B. McGIFFIN, member of the firm of 
McGiffin & Smith, architects, is known in his profession 
and to the general public as the designer of several of 
Toronto's fine buildings, including Knox College, and 
within the profession as an official of several of the leading 
technical organizations. 

Mr. McGiffin is a son of Captain John S. McGifl[in, 
deceased, for many years commodoie of the fleet of the 
Niagara Navigation Company, and Anna B. McGifliin, 
who survives her husband. Robert B. McGiffin, was 
born in Oakville, Ontario, in 1874, and was educated in 
the public schools and Jarvis Street Collegiate Institute, 
then pursuing the architectuial course in the School 
of Science. A three years' apprentice."ihip in architecture 
followed in Toronto, and the fi.st fifteen years of his 
active career were divided in professional activity 
between New York and San Francisco, thirteen years in 
the former city and two in the latter. This experience, 
with which was combined a large amount of study and 
observation of the best professional woik in his line 
in the States, prefaced his entry into practice in Toronto, 
where he is now a member of the firm of McGiffin & 
Smith. His work has followed general lines, although 
he may be said to have specialized to some extent in 
commeicial and public structures, and among the 
buildings of his design are numerous schools throughout 
the Province: Knox College, Dovercourt Public Library, 
on Bloor street. West, and the R. S. Williams building. 



146 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



Mr. McGiffin is chairman of the Toronto Chapter of 
the Ontario Association of Architects, and is a member 
of the council of the Ontario Association of Architects, 
giving liberally of his time and eflort to the work of these 
organizations, and supporting their programs for the 
advancement of professional inteiests in the district. 
He is a member of the Masonic order, fraternizing with 
Zetland Lodge, and the Scottish Rite bodies, and his 
club is the Ontario. 



GEORGE W. COLE — Among the business men of 
Toronto who have finished their work and left behind 
them an enduring monument in the form of a prosperous 
business founded by them is the late George W. Cole, 
founder of George W. Cole, Ltd., a concern engaging 
in the manufacture of steam specialties, invented and 
patented by Mr. Cole, who was up to the time of his 
death, president and general manager of the business. 

Geoige W. Cole was born in Norwich, Ontario, in 
1860, and died in Toronto, March 26, 1919. His boyhood 
days were passed in and near Norwich, in the public 
schools of which district he received his education. 
When he was seventeen years of age he entered the 
employ of the Waterous Engine Works Company, at 
Brantford, and became a first-class machinist. The 
first six years following his marriage, which occurred 
in 1881, were spent in Norwich. Two winters were 
spent in the South, one in Alabama and one in Florida, 
at which last-named place he was engaged in mill- 
wrighting. He then went to Detroit, Mich., and thence 
to Buffalo, New York, where for a period of twenty-five 
years he was engaged in mechanical work. He invented 
many appliances and devices which are now in use 
throughout the entire world, and became a celebrity 
in the mechanical field. In 1913 he came to Toronto, 
from Woodstock, Ontario, and locating at 1069 Dundas 
street, West, established the business known as the 
George W. Cole, Ltd. In 1914 the business was moved to 
Nos. 2002-04 Dundas street, West, where it is still 
located. The concern is engaged in the manufacture 
of steam specialties, invented by Mr. Cole, for the 
purpose of secuiing "more heat" from "less coal," and 
the list of specialties includes the Cole direct return trap 
and boiler feeder; the Cole condenser trap; the Cole 
non-return or tank trap; the Cole vacuum trap; the Cole 
lifting trap; and the Cole three valve trap, combining 
the lifting, non-return, and vacuum trap. Fuel economy, 
secured through the use of apparatus which gathers 
the products of condensation and returns them to the 
boiler at the temperature of the steam which is being 
condensed, is the achievement of the Cole system. The 
Cole direct return trap when used to feed boilers be- 
comes the lowest point of pressure in the steam system. 
It is set at a higher level than the watei line in the 
boilers, all condensation being carried into it by the 
energy of the steam and deposited in the tank chamber 
at the temperature of the steam which is being con- 
densed. (This may be as high as 340 degrees Fahren- 
heit, in ordinary practice). When the tank chamber is 
full, it tilts over. This movement opens an automatic 
valve which equalizes the pressure in the tank and 
steam boiler, and the water then flows into the boiler 
by gravity. So simple is this device and so positive in 
its operation that it has saved millions of dollars in fuel 
for those who aie taking advantage of its possibilities. 
It will handle the largest slugs of water or the smallest 
quantity of condensation which will take place under 
any condition of steam heating or in process work at the 
highest pressures. It operates positively because it 
follows natural laws and because it is indestructible, 
having no weaiing parts, its action being always visible, 
and its construction a study in simplicity. It saves fuel. 



water, oil, and worry, and has earned an eminent 
among the conservation devices of the mech 
world. The Cole high pressure return trap is de; 
especially to comply with the requirements and r 
tions of the Ontaiio legislation in respect to th( 
struction and inspection of steam boileis and all ap 
ces used in connection with steam power plants, 
tilting drums are made strictly in accord with thi 
steam boiler practice, and are themselves steam V 
in miniature. They are made entirely in the Cole i 
from high grade boiler plate, double riveted, ch 
and caulked, and tested hydraulically under two hu 
pounds pressure, having a safety factor of seven. All 
ing parts are of heavy metal throughout. Among the 
plants which are finding this device a valuable con 
ton are: the B. Greening Wire Company, Lt 
Hamilton, Ontario; the Gutta Percha and R 
Company, Ltd, Toronto, Canada; the Americar 
and Textile Company, Ltd, Chatham, Ontaiic 
Wagstaffe, Ltd., Hamilton, Ontario, manufactur 
jam; Maxwell's Ltd., St. Mary's, Ontario; the Can 
Woolen Company, Ltd., Almonte, Ontaiio; an 
Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, where the 
boiler feeders return condensation into boilers froi 
pounds pressure heating system, and high pr 
from laundry and sterilizing rooms. Besides the 
specialties already mentioned, the George W. 
Ltd., manufactures other inventions of the foi 
including the Cole union swing check valve an 
Cole union radiator valve, both of which, by com 
valve and union, secure simplicity, durability 
increased efficiency. An important feature of th( 
concern is its engineering service, which takes c 
all installations for a period of one year, replacin 
defect at the expense of the company. The Geor 
Cole, Ltd., is the largest concern of its kind in d 
and has representatives all over Canada, throu 
England, and in Japan and South Africa. They has 
established a branch at Niagara, New York, when 
manufacture for the United States. 

George W. Cole, the founder of this large and i 
tant concern, was a hard worker, and kept clos 
touch with labor conditions, taking a deep inter 
all his employees and in their welfare. One of h; 
acts was the placing of his employees on a profit-sl 
basis, so planned that every individual employee 
have a share in the profits of the business. 

In 1881 George W. Cole married Anna E. S 
daughter of Elias and Abigail Sussex, who then n 
in Windham township. Mr. and Mrs. Cole wei 
parents of six children, three of whom are living: 
L., of whom further; Grant E., of whom furthei 
Margaret M. 

Brock Lome Cole, eldest son of George W. and 
E. (Sussex) Cole, was born in Norwich, Ontario, Oj 
7, 1881. He received his education in the public s 
of Detroit, Michigan, including the high school, g 
ting from same. He then entered the Detroit Bi 
College, where he completed a commercial cours 
preparation for his business career. His businesa 
was begun in the employ of the F. W. Woo 
Company, in whose stores, scattered througho 
States, he gained a wide experience, serving as 
manager from 1897 to 1918. In the latter y 
returned to Canada, where he became identifie ' 
George W. Cole, Ltd., in the capacity of secret? ' 
treasurer, which office he efficiently fills at the 
time (1922). Mr. Cole is well known in business: 
fraternal circles, and is numbered among the enr 
successful and highly-esteemed citizens of 1 
Fraternally, he is affiliated with Niagara 1 
Lodge, No. 132, Free and Accepted Masons; vi 



il 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



147 



lependent Order of Odd Fellows; and with the Knights 
Pythias; and his religious affiliation is with the 
'thodist church. 

3n August 29, 1899, Mr. Cole married Julia Kennedy, 
jghter of William and Anna Kennedy, and they are 
! parents of two children: Margaret, and Lome. 
3rant E. Cole, son of George W. and Anna E. (Sussex) 
le, was born in Detroit, Michigan, June 22, 1897. He 
feived his education in the Buffalo public schools, 
i at the Woodstock Baptist College, at Woodstock, 
tario. In 191.3 he left college to enter the firm of 
orge W. Cole, Ltd., and in 1917, when a limited 
npany was formed, he was made secretary of the 
;anization. Upon the death of his father, two years 
er, he was elected to fill the responsible office of 
e-president and general manager, and under his 
cient management the business has continued to 
iw and prosper. Mr. Cole is a member of the Canadian 
mufacturers' Association, and is among the eminently 
e younger men of Toronto's business world. He 
jresident of the Exhibitors' Association of Canadian 
itionary Engineers. During the World War he served 
he Royal Flying Corps, 1918, returning to his business 
Iponsibilities after the signing of the armistice. Mr. 
le is enthusiastically interested in sports, and is also 
j;rested in stamp collecting. 

'•ERCY EDWIN FREDERICK SMILY is a member 
Ithe law firm of Johnston, Grant, Dods & Grant, 
pse offices are located in the Bank of Hamilton 
■ding. Mr. Smily is a son of Percy Thomas and Agnes 
l)ds) Smily, now residing in Windsor, Ontario. Pre- 
ling for his profession at Osgoode Hall Law School, 
i Smily was called to the bar in 1915, and has since 
*n associated with the firm named above. Mr. Smily 

idles a general practice, largely litigation and court 
'tice. He is a member of the Canadian Bar Associa- 
i|, of the Ontario Bar Association, and of the York 
Hnty Law Association, and is a member of the Baptist 
Ijrch. 
. itr. Smily married, in Toronto, on August 21, 1918, 

EBn Frances Playter, of Toronto, and they reside at 
11 Oriole Gardens. 



RTHUR WENTWORTH ROEBUCK— Holding 

isition of prominence at the Ontario bar, Arthur W. 
buck is commanding a wide practice which includes 
inunent work of large import, as well as the usual 
ities incident to the general practice of law. Mr. 
lUck comes of English ancestry, being a grand- 
lew of the late Rt. Hon. John Arthur Roebuck, the 
al representative of Sheffield, and a son of Henry 
m Roebuck, who for many years was secretary to 
jovernment in British Columbia during the building 
le Canadian Pacific railway. He was by occupation 
ccountant. He married Lydia A. Macklen, of 
ancestry, daughter of James Macklen, of Chippewa, 
^rio, and both are now deceased, 
rthur Wentworth Roebuck was born in Hamilton, 
ririo, February 28, 1878. He received his early 
'' non in the pubhc and high schools. For a time 
!er (1900-05) he was on the staff of the "Toronto 
; hen became editor of the "Temiskaming Herald," 
Liskeard, Ontario, and was later editor of the 
n," at Cobalt, Ontario, following newspaper work 
the period of his preparation for his profession. 
'■ and again in 1914 he contested the Provincial 
js for Temiskaming in the Liberal interests, then 
he contested the Dominion Riding of Temiskam- 
linst the late Hon. Frank Cochrane as a Labor- 
As counsel, Mr. Roebuck is prominent through 
■nting the World War Veterans' Association in 



the riots of 1918. He served as counsel for the Ontario 
Government in the investigations before the Board of 
Commerce, into an alleged combine formed by whole- 
sale grocers and other interested parties of Ontario. 
He is now counsel in the Supreme Court for the Govern- 
ment in the matter of this combine, the purpose of the 
action being to secure a ruling which shall be an authori- 
tative definition and exposition of the Ontario trade 
law. Mr. Roebuck is a member of the Canadian Bar 
Association, of the Ontario Bar .Association, and of the 
York County Law Association. 

In the interests of the Progressive movement, Mr. 
Roebuck has engaged in the past campaign, lending his 
best energies to the cause. A Progressive-Liberal in all 
political affairs, he is widely known and popular as a 
political speaker. An avowed disciple of free trade, he 
is chairman of the Tax Reform Association, and a fearless 
advocate of the principles for which that organization 
stands. He is a member of the Toronto Board of Trade, 
and is affiliated with the Anglican church. 

Mr. Roebuck married, in 'Toronto, on December 21, 
1918, Inez Perry, daughter of the late Fred Perry of this 
city, and they reside at No. 35 Englewood drive. 

JAMES ALGIE, M.D. — Combining active profession- 
al work in medicine with the authorship of several 
novels, Dr. James Algie is widely known in both medical 
and literary circles. In his writing he has had a large 
following, and "Wallace Lloyd," his nom de plume, 
is accorded the high standing among the novelists of 
the day that Dr. Algie has in the realm of his profession. 
Dr. Algie is a descendant of an old covenanter family, 
son of Matthew Algie, born in Scotland, and Janet 
(Wallace) Algie, his father having come to Canada in 
young manhood. 

James Algie was born in Ayr, Ontario, in 1858, and 
attended elementary and high schools at St. Catharines 
and Dundas, subsequently pursuing medical studies at 
the University of Toronto, whence he graduated in 
1878, graduating from Trinity University the same year. 
He was licensed to practice medicine at the remarkably 
early age of twenty years, and first engaged in profession- 
al work in Peel county, Ontario, later becoming associa- 
ted with the late Dr. Robinson, of Claude, Ontario. 
For twenty-nine years thereafter he was a resident and 
practitioner of Alton, Ontario, and in 1908 came to 
Toronto. Here he followed general lines of practice, 
being appointed, soon after his arrival, physician to the 
old prison, in which institution he was associated with 
Dr. Gilmour. Dr. Algie continued a membei of the 
staP of the prison until it was moved to Guelph, Ontario, 
then wa.i appointed assistant physician to the county 
hospital for the insane, an office he now fills. In addition 
to this Di . Algie is physician to the Mercei Reformatory. 
He is frequently called into consultation by his pro- 
fessional colleagues, and is regarded as an able authority 
on the medical aspects of penology. 

Dr. Algie is the author of the novels, "Houses of 
Glass," "Bergen Worth," and "The Sword of Glenvohi ," 
all of which have had a gratifying leception by the 
reading public. A critical leview of his work in the 
Toionto "Globe" contained the following, in part: 
"His productions are bright, piquant, and interesting." 
Dr. .\lgie'a literary accomplishments aie the more 
noteworthy when it is consideied that, representing in 
themselves an achievement with which many writers 
are content, they have been realised in conjunction with 
labors in a profession whose demands are many and 
exacting. Dr. Algie is a Conservative in political action, 
and a member of the Universalist church. 

Dr. Algie married, in 1880, Rachel Jago, who died 
December 13, 1917. Their son, Wallace Lloyd Algie, 



148 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



who was educated in Toronto, was manager of the Elm 
street branch of the Bank of Toronto when the World 
Wa. broke out. He enlisted in the Canadian army, 
tiained at Kingston, was commissioned, and served m 
France with the Twentieth Machine Gun Battalion. 
He was killed in action at Cambrai, France, one month 
before the signing of the armistice. The Victoria Cross 
that he was awarded speaks eloquently of his gallantry 
and bravery in defense of the great cause foi which he 
fought. Dr and Mrs. Algie also were the parents of three 
daughters, as follows: AAa, now Mis. J. S. Skeaff, 
of Toronto; Ethel, now Mrs. Vernon Ide, of Islington, 
Ontario; and Bessie, a graduate nurse at the Toronto 
General Hospital. 

STANLEY ROSS SNOOK— Widely known in the 
business world of Toronto, and long prominent in finance, 
Mr. Snook has for some years been acitive in mining 
investments, in partnership with James H. Dixon, with 
offices in the Kent building. Mr. Snook is a son of .John 
A. Snook, who was born in Wilton, Ontario, in 1843, und 
spent his lifetime in agricultural pui suits, retiring in 
1908 and :emoving to Toionto, where he spent his 
remaining years quietly, and died January 2, 1916, at 
the age of seventy-three years. He married Calista A. 
Babcock, who was also born in Wilton and still survives 
him. 

Stanley Ross Snook was born in Wilton, Ontario, 
June 23, 1871, and received his early education in the 
public schools near his home, following which he took a 
commercial course in Kingston, Ontario. He then went 
to Rochester, New York, where he became identified 
with the Eo.uitable Life Insurance Company, remaining 
with that concern for eight years. He then established 
an office and was active in financial brokerage for many 
years. In 1918 Mr. Snook came to Toronto to become 
associated with James H. Dixon, a review of whose life 
appeals elsewherein this work. Mr. Dixon is a practical 
mining engineer of exhaustive technical training and 
broad experience, and together they are handling gold 
mining properties located in vaiious sections of Ontaiio. 

In fiaternal and recreative interests, Mr. Snook is also 
prominent, being a thirty-second degiee Mason, holding 
a life membership in same. He is also a membei of the 
Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine; a 
member of the Lake Shoie Country Club, the Ontario 
Motor League, and is affiliated with the Methodist 
church. 

Mr. Snook married, in Toronto, November 15, 1899, 
Minnie L. Milliken, of Bloomfield, Ohio, who was born 
Septembe; 10, 1869, and died August 14, 1920. Mrs. 
Snook was a daughter of George Milliken, a large land- 
owner and farmer. Mr. and Mrs. Snook were the parents 
of one daughter, Gertiude L. Snook, born in Rochester, 
New York, March 1, 1901. 

FRANCIS HARVEY SNYDER— With offices at 
No. 23 Toronto street, in Toronto, M.. Snyder is taking 
a position in the front ranks of the legal profession, as a 
member of the fiim of Thurston & Company, his senioi 
partner being Mr. W. G. Thurston, K.C. Mr. Snyder 
comes from an old Pennsylvania family, long prominent 
in the history of the United Evangelical Lutheran church 
in that section. He is a son of Daniel Francis and Abigail 
(Cunnington) Snyder, and the father, who was a farmer 
in Peel county, Ontario, during his active lifetime, died 
June 10, 1910. He was for years prominent in political 
affairs in Peel county. 

Francis Harvey Snyder was born in Peel county. May 
19, 1888, and his early education was acquired in the 
township schools of that .section, continuing with a 
preparatory course at the Brampton Collegiate Institute. 



Spending two years at the University of Toront( 
prepared for his professional career at Osgoode 
Law School, from which he was graduated in ; 
He has since conducted a general practice as a mei 
of the firm above mentioned, and is counted amoni 
promising young barristers of the day. Mi. Snyd 
a member of the York County Law Association, 
politically endorses the Conservative party. FVater 
he holds membership in Ionic Lodge, No. 229, Frei 
Accepted Masons, and he attends the Anglican chur 
Mr. Snyder married, in Toronto, Mary An 
Watson, daughter of A. E. and Emma Ws 
the ceremony taking place on December 21, 1916. 
reside at No. 303 Beresford avenue, Toronto. 

PETER MACDONALD— The wealth of years 
was granted to Peter Macdonald, for seventy ye 
resident of Toronto, was in direct proportion t 
wealth of love and esteem that his fellows offeree 
throughout his intercourse with them in many sphe 
community affaiis. Substantially successful in bu; 
connections, he chose his other relations to his tim< 
the careful sense of values that was a dlstingui 
characteristic, and the expenditure of his time, sti« 
and means yielded good fruits in which the commi 
at-large shared. The respect that was unive 
accorded him was that given only to a citizen of rigVi 
life and worthy service. 

Peter Macdonald was a son of Archibald Maod( 
of Campbelltown, Argyleshire, Scotland, and Eliz 
(Howie) Macdonald, of Ayr, and was l)orn in the f 
place August 29, 1830. He was educated in the s( 
of his birthplace and later at Glasgow, and in 18 
came to Toronto, this city then the residence of an 
sister, Mrs. George Gooderham, of Meadowvale. 
afterward he went to Polo, Illinois, residing thei 
a short time with an uncle, Samuel Howie, then rett 
to Toronto. His business life was begun as an im] 
of teas and liquors, and later he confined his acti 
to the grocery jobbing business, his business ( 
extending from 1855 to his retirement in 1905, 
half century. From 1905 to the year of his dem 
1920 he lived in his home in Rosedale, years blessec 
good health, there experiencing the quiet enjoj 
of home life with his devoted family. 

Although engaged in the grocery business, h( 
greatly interested in the real estate developme 
Toronto, having invested in valuable propeities thi 
out the city, his particular interests being centered 
Bioadview-Danforth district, where he owned s( 
large tracts of land which he subsequently ci 
into subdivisions, and on one of which in the early d 
his married life, he built an attractive country 1 
where the members of his family were born and i 
the house being surrounded with all the alluring fe; 
of suburban life, with hundreds of well-cared-for 
and shade trees, also flowers, which were of much in 
to students of horticulture. 

Mr. Macdonald was always keenly interested ir 
affairs, serving for fifteen years on the Public and 
School boards, and for five years as a member of th 
Council. During these years he unsparingly ga 
time and influence for the betterment of the 
schools, which are the pride of Toronto.^ One 
large schools in the eastern part of the city woi 
day have borne his name had his modesty permitt 
wish of his fellow-trustees. Keenly interested 
development of the eastern part of Toronto.^ 
instrumental in securing the constiuction, by Sir 
Smith, former owner of Toronto's street railway i 
and life-long friend of Mr. Macdonald, of the Brq 
street car service, which was the first impetus in 



i 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



149 



I the future of the Broadview-Danforth district, and 
lich he predicted he would live to see an impoitant 
siness aiea. The development of the Broadview 
■tion of the Riveidale Paik was ever an object of 
ee attention from Mr. Macdonald, and the first steps 
create the beautiful stretch of sloping lawns and 
iletic fields of the park were due in a great measure 
his constant advocacy as a member of the Parks and 
irdens Committee of the City Council. As a member 
this committee he also displayed an equally keen 
erest in the development and enlargement of High 
rk. During his term of service such impoitant works 
the straightening of the Don and filling-in of the low- 
ds to provide manufacturing sites showed the far- 
hted policy of Mr. Macdonald's efforts, and which 
! now culminated in the development of Ashbridges 
\i for industrial purposes. 

At. Macdonald's religious faith was that of a Presbyter- 
and he was a member of the old Knox Church (since 
|nolished) near the cornel of Queen and Yonge streets, 
er on he became interested in church work of the 
irn section of the city, and finally in the organization 
;he Rosedale Presbyterian Church. His support was 
inded to all branches of denominational work, but the 
day school department made the strongest appeal, 
lor twelve years he was superintendent of the Queen 
■et Presbyterian Church Sunday School, his love 
hildren prompting his choice of this field of endeavor, 
ays expressing the view that the close association of 
child to Sunday school and church, of no matter 
it religious faith, creates good citizens of the State, 
was a life member of the Masonic order and devoted 
ts principles and work. In politics, he was a staunch 
eral, and in his younger days experienced the stren- 
s times of political animosity which the then method 
ipen voting created. 

arly in his life Mr. Macdonald was created a justice 

he peace, which meant much in those pioneer days 

he sparsely populated suburban areas of Toronto; 

where such authority was held in high esteem. He 

to frequently adjudicate the many differences of 

I residents, and in every "iise he gave them kindly 

firm advice, such authority f^A advice having a 

ifidal influence over the whole community. 

r. Macdonald was for many years a member of the 

c Pioneers, and at his death there were few people 

who had witnessed the growth of Toronto from a 

1 lake-port to a city of commanding industry and 

perity. It was his lot to see many of his associates 

11' colleagues pass from the scenes in which he had 

"^n them, but he was also fortunate, through the 

ility upon whose pleasing and admirable qualities 

left invisible effect, in binding to him new friends, 

affection was as great as the regard of those of 

years. 

Vlacdonald married Sarah Blong, daughter of 
Blong, a well known and prominent merchant 

Eirlier days of Toronto. They are survived by the 
g children: 1. Howie Elizabeth, married Dr. 
I Robinson, who resides in Cleveland, Ohio. 
. 'eorgina, married Patterson Farmer, of Detroit. 
Idred. 4. Henry B. Peter Macdonald died in 
'o, June 15, 1920. His death marked the passing 
Drontonian whose work formed a part of the 
! ion of the present city, and it is pleasant to recall 
lis closing years he knew his service was apprecia- 
-,..d esteemed. 



VLLIAM GILBERT ROBERTSON— As an exec- 

' the Ontario Motor league. Inc., and also as 

..iig editor of the Canadian "Motorist," William 

Ulrt Robertson stands among the leading men of 



Toronto today. He is a son of the late Dr. Huigh Robert- 
son, professor of Anatomy at Trinity Medical School, 
Toronto. 

William Gilbert Robertson was born in Toronto, 
March 10, 1887, and received his early education in the 
public schools of the city. Preparing for college at the 
Jarvis Street Collegiate Institute, he enteied the Univer- 
sity of Toronto, electing the Political Science course, in 
the class of 1909. From boyhood interested in journal- 
ism, and editor of "Varsity" while at the university, Mr. 
Robertson's first position was on the editorial staff 
of the Edmonton "Bulletin," at Edmonton, Alberta, 
where he continued for two years. Returning to Toronto, 
he spent one year on the staff of the Toronto "Daily 
Star." Widely acquainted with the motoring public, 
Mr. Robertson in 1912 was made secretary and treasurer 
of the Ontario Motor League, Inc. This organization 
was formed in 1907, upon absorbing the Toronto Auto- 
mobile Club, which was organized four years prior to 
that date. From two hundred and sixty four members 
at the time of organization in 1907, the membership 
of the Ontario Motor League, Inc., has grown steadily 
year by year to a total of 30,000 today, of whom about 
12,000 are residents of the city of Toronto. 

The success of the League in winning the support of 
so many thousands of motorists has been due to the 
general character of its objects, the worth of its achieve- 
ments, and the value of its service to individual members. 
The objects of the League, as concisely stated in the 
Constitution, are: 

To maintain tlie rights and privileKos of tliose who use motor ve- 
hicles; to promote rational leRLslation governing the use of such 
vehicles: to assist in and encourage construction and maintenance of 
good roads : to advocate a reasonable regard on tlie part of Motorists 
for the rights of others using the Highway, and to do all things in- 
cidental to or conducive to the attainment of the above objects. 

Even an outline of the achievements of the League 
would occupy a great deal of space, but a few of the most 
outstanding may be cited. Automobile license exchange 
between Ontario and most of the states in the American 
Union, which went into effect recently, was the direct 
result of a persistent campaign carried on for years by 
the Ontario Motor League, Inc. The thirty day touring 
permit, now given by the United States customs is also 
due to the efforts of the League. Through representa- 
tions to the Dominion Government, the League was 
instrumental in obtaining the provision of severe penal- 
ties in cases of automobile stealing. As a result, the 
number of automobile thefts has greatly declihed. One 
of the most recent successes of the League was the 
passing of the by-law in Toronto requiring all vehicles 
to carry lights at night. The passing of this by-law 
brought to a successful concliision a local campaign 
cairied on over a period of years. 

In season and out of season the League has conducted 
an extensive educational campaign for the improvement 
of the highways of the Province. In this direction, in 
serving the interests of its members, the League has also 
performed a valuable public service. It was the League's 
educational work which some years ago led up to the 
appointment by the government of a Highways Commis- 
sion, and the subsequent adoption of a definite plan of 
highway improvement, under the direction of a minister 
of highways, with government grants for road mainten- 
ance as well as construction. The League, in co-operation 
with the Canadian Automobile Association, assisted in 
securing the passage at Ottawa of the bill to piovide 
aid to the Provinces in road-building to the extent of 
$20,000,000. 

The efforts of the League are now being directed 
toward securing the actual construction of the Provincial 
highways, where they will serve the greatest need and 



150 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



the greatest number with a maximum of despatch. 
Upwards of 50,000 road signs have been erected through- 
out the Province by the League, which is the only 
oiganization engaged in work of this kind. Throughout 
the year the League's road sign cars traverse the main 
traveled highways of the Province, erecting new signs 
and replacing others as required. 

While motorists in general reap the benefits of the 
League's woik in respect to good roads, legislation and 
road signs, the League affords to members personal 
services of a valuable character. Membership in the 
League is recognized by automobile clubs throughout 
the world. A member of the League may tour anywhere 
and enjoy the privileges of club membership on presen- 
tation of his Ontario Motor League card. Members of 
the League avail themselves freely of the services of the 
Ontario Motor League, Inc., touring bureau, which is able 
to give invaluable assistance in planning tours. Free 
legal advice is one of the special inducements to member- 
ship which the League offers. A chauffeurs' employ- 
ment department is maintained to provide members with 
capable and reliable drive, s. A motor truck section 
has been established to fostei the development of road 
transport and protect the interests of owners and users 
of commercial vehicles. Complaints of reckless driving 
are investigated and letters written to the owners of the 
cars concerned. Assistance is given members in recover- 
ing stolen cars. 

The League publishes a magazine known as the 
Canadian "Motorist," which has a circulation of about 
35,000 copies monthly, and of which Mr. Robertson is 
the managing editor. In 1913 the organization removed 
its headquarteis to the Lumsden building, in Toronto, 
where they are still located. With the development of 
the organization and the improvement of motoring 
conditions throughout the Province, new avenues of 
usefulness are being opened up to the League, which 
continues to avail itself of every opportunity to serve 
the interests of its members and to command, in even 
greater measure the support which it has received from 
the motorists of Ontario. 

Mr. Robertson, who is still serving as secretary and 
treasurer of the Leagiiie, is a member of the Toronto 
Board of Trade; is secretary and treasurer of the Canad- 
ian Automobile Association; and his clubs are the Rotary, 
the Canadian and the Empire. He is married, and 
resides in Toronto. 



ROBERT FENNELL— Of the younger members of 
the Ontario bar, Mr. Fennell is a prominent figure. 
He comes of Irish descent, the pioneers of the family 
having come to Canada in 1840, and is a son of Joshua 
and Louise (Argue) Fennell. His parents were both born 
in Ontario, and they are now residents of Englehart, 
where the elder Mr. Fennell is engaged as a general 
merchant. 

Robert Fennell was bom in Ottawa, Ontario, March 
12, 1891, and attended the public schools and collegiate 
institute in that city. He then entered the University 
of Toronto, but after three years' study in arts became 
a law student with the firm of Fasken, Robertson, 
Chadwick, Sedgewick & Aitchison. Later, for a time, 
Mr. Fennell was associated with the firm of Graham, 
Kearney & Wright, of Haileyburg, Ontario, in the 
mining district of the Province. Finishing his legal 
preparations at Osgoode Hall Law School, Mr. Fennell 
enlisted in the Canadian army. This was in 1917, and 
he served with the 4th Siege Battery, later being trans- 
ferred to the 235th Imperial Siege Battery as a gunner. 
Going overseas in April of the same year, he received 
a lieutenant's commission on the field in the fall of 1917, 
and although escaping wounds, was gassed at Passchen- 



daele. He was discharged from the service on Nov 
15, 1918, and returned to his home in Toronto. ( 
to the bar before the close of the year, Mr. Fenne 
associated with the firm of Fasken, Robertson, ' 
wick, Sedgewick & Aitchison, as solicitor, until Ni 
ber of 1919, when he formed his present associati 
a partner in the firm of Nasmith & Fennell, whicl 
carries on an extensive general practice, specializ 
corporation law. He is a member of the Ontari 
Association, the York County Law Associatioi 
Toronto Board of Trade, Phi Delta Phi fraternit 
the Summit Golf and Country Club. He is a mem 
the Methodist church. 

Mr. Fennell married, in Toronto, Dorothy Scott 
on April 30, 1919, and they have one daughter, Ros( 
Elizabeth. They reside at No. 63 Heath street 
Toronto. 



FREDERICK WILLIAM TANNER— Real 
and finance have been the fields of effort in whic 
Tanner's activities have been centered, his oper 
in both extending beyond Toronto, the city i 
residence since 1899. To Toronto he has perf 
exceptional service in the development of resid 
districts desirable and beautiful, and is numbered i 
the small group of realtors of the city whose wo: 
been conducted with constant observance of thi 
welfare of the municipality from an artistic as we 
practical viewpoint. The urge to prosperity pre 
many men capable of working out the success 
industrial enterprise, but to vision a city's expa 
to convert unimproved woods and fields into attr 
home districts, and to place these among the 
sought-for localities of the region, these things r 
foresight and ability of order. 'These have bee 
accomplishments of Mr. Tanner, repeated in wi( 
circles of influence and usefulness. 

Mr. Tanner is a son of George Burton Tanner, wl 
born in England, and came to Canada as a young 
becoming a maker of fine furniture. He was a re; 
of Peterboro, Ontario, for many years, and died ii 
city. The mother, Agnes Mclnnes (Stewart) Tanne 
a native of Scotland, and is also deceased. 

Frederick William Tanner was born in Pete 
Ontario, September 28, 1872, and received his edu 
in the public and high schools of his native city. C 
to Toronto in 1899, he became a special writer fi 
Toronto "Globe," and was thus engaged for a ] 
of six years, thereafter entering the real estate bui 
He was first located at No. 48 Adelaide street, 
then removed to No. 48 Victoria street. Attair 
marked degree of success in this line of endeavo 
Tanner's business increased until he needed an ass 
to handle it to advantage, and he admitted to an 
partnership Frederick W. Gates, a lifelong resid 
Toronto. This was in 1907, and the partnership i 
a means of wider opportunity. Their work ad^ 
residential Toronto several districts that came int ■ 
favor and popularity and that are noted as beautjl 
in the city. Among the more important of thu 
St. Andrew's Gardens, Forest Hills Heights, Ml 
Park, Danforth Woodbine Sub-division, and 9 
Heights. Most of these are now entirely built vj 
whole accomplished within the comparatively! 
period of a few years. Factories have been bui' 
industries have been brought to Toronto, com: i 
enterprises have flourished, and the provision of o 
for a growing population would have been made i i< 
manner. Fortunate it has been for the city that 1 1 
done in large degree by such men as Mr. Tannc ' 
recognized even in their private business a civic iCO 
bility, a duty to their fellow? expressed in the d e 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



151 



ment of new residential territory along lines of beauty 
'and art. 

In 1912 they organized the Monarch Realty and Secur- 
ity Corporation to purchase the old Saturday Night 
building, located at No. 26 Adelaide street, West. Re- 
modeling this structure as an office building, they held 
lit until 1914, during which time it was known as Tanner- 
iGates building, which they sold in order to give more 
time to their growing business. In 1916 they lemoved 
CO the Dominion Bank building, where they are now 
ocated. 

In 1921 Tanner-Gates & Company, Ltd., reached 
)ut into a new field, taking up dealings in stocks and 
londs and forming the Ontario Bond and Discount 
"Company, Ltd., with a substantial selling organization, 
rhey now have offices in Montreal; Detroit, Michigan; 
md New York City, and deal in government bonds, first 
nortgages, and high-class bonds and securities of many 
tinds. With head offices in Toronto the concern is 
ransacting an extensive and constantly increasing 
)usiness, and occupies a leading position in this line, 
n addition to the firm operations Mr. Tanner has 
lumerous official connections, and is president of the 
Monarch Realty Company of Detroit, Michigan; 
)resident of the Woodward Boulevard Land Company; 
)resident of the Childs-Woodward Boulevard Corpora- 
ion; president of Tanner & Gates, Inc., all of Detroit, 
Michigan; president of the Baldwin Gold Mining Com- 
pany, Ltd., of Kenogami Lake, Northern Ontario; and 
iresident of the Ogistoh Mining Syndicate, Ltd., of 
iouth Lorraine. 

■ A member of the Toronto Board of Trade, Mr. 
fanner keeps in touch with the general progress, and 
politically holds independent convictions. Fraternally, 
ke is a Mason, and is a charter member of Integrity 
;i0dge. Independent Order of Odd Fellows; his attitude 
©wards all organized benevolence is one of hearty 
ndorsement. During the great World War he served 
's captain of vaiious drives, including those of the Red 
TOSS, and assisted in all work in support of the forces 
verseas. His social connections include membership 
!i the Ontario Club, the Lambton Golf Club, where he is 
ften seen on the links enjoying his favorite sport, the 
aikdale Canoe Club, and the Toronto Victoria Curling 
'lub. He is a member of the Presbyterian church. 
' Mr. Tanner married, December 15, 1897, in Toronto, 
sobel Wilson, who was born in this city, a daughter of 
ames and Christina (Leitch) Wilson, both natives of 
cotland, the father for many years the proprietor of 
le Wilson Baking Company, of Toronto. Mr. and 
Irs. Tanner have three daughters: Ruth Fredwin, 
orn September 26, 1916; Isobel McLeod, born January 
j4, 1918; and Doris Wilson, born July 17, 1920. 

' H. H. HALLORAN, D.D.S., whose office suite is at 
lO. 22 College street, Toronto, is one of the rising young 
len of the day in the dental profession. He is a son of 
dward Joseph and Mary (Hanlon) Halloran. Mr. 
■alloran was born in Hamilton, Ontario, then, as a 
oung man, resided in Guelph, later removing to Toron- 
), where he entered the employ of the Kloepher Com- 
any, now one of the largest hardware concerns in the 
'ominion, and rose to the office of general manager, 
hich he now holds. The mother was born in Guelph 
id is also still living. They are the parents of five 
ms and two daughters. 

Dr. Halloran, fourth child of this family, was born in 
uelph, December 12, 1894, and received his early 
iucation in the public schools of Toronto, being gradu- 
;ed from the Toronto High School in the class of 1914. 
hereafter entering the University of Toronto, he was 
•aduated from that institution in the class of 1917, with 



the degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery. Establishing his 
own oflice immediately. Dr. Halloran entered upon the 
practice of his profession, and has since won a position 
of prominence in the few years which have intervened. 
During this time he served two years in the city 
health department, and during the college term he 
served as a part time demonstrator of dental practice 
at the University of Toronto for four years. The doctor's 
office is well appointed and modern in every respect, 
and his patronage is among the first families of the city. 
Fraternally, Dr. Halloran is a member of Xi Psi 
Phi, and the Knights of Columbus. His favorite relaxa- 
tion is in water sports, and he is a member of the Park- 
dale Canoe Club. He is a member of St. Peter's Roman 
Catholic Church, is single, and resides with his parents 
at No. 403 Palmerston boulevard. 



HENRY JOHN WICKHAM— Few men, perhaps, 
have been more closely identified with the formative 
period of the Canada of today than Henry John Wick- 
ham, founder of the Toronto Branch of the Imperial 
Navy League, and for more than sixteen years a vice- 
president of that League, an honour conferred upon him 
for his long and active service to the cause of British 
sea-power in the Dominion of Canada. 

Mr. Wickham is the eldest son of Henry Thomas and 
Augusta Agnes (Dunsford) Wickham, and his forbears, 
in a direct line, have resided in the county of Somerset, 
England, since the fourteenth century. He was born at 
Batcombe, Somerset, on June 5, 1848. Receiving his 
early education at Ilminster Grammar School, Somerset, 
and Eastman's Naval Academy, Southsea, Hants, he 
entered the Royal Navy as a naval cadet in 1862, and 
later served in the Navy as midshipman and sub-lieuten- 
ant until 1870. He was first appointed in 1863 to a sea- 
going ship, (H.M.S. "Gibraltar"), one of the last of 
the wooden two-deckers of the old Navy. Mr. Wickham 
is one of the few now living who joined the "Silent 
Service" in the days of wooden sailing ships, and his 
memory takes him back to the transition period between 
wooden and steel vessels, and to the earliest days of the 
employment, in the Royal Navy, of steam as auxiliary 
to sail-power. His training was under officers of the old 
regime, some of the most noteworthy men of that day. 
Retiring from the Navy in 1870, Mr. Wickham came to 
Canada the same year, going out to the great North- 
west by way of the "Dawson route" in 1871. Between 
that year and 1874 he was employed by the Dominion 
Government to command two of the first steamers which 
plied on Rainy Lake. During the winter of 1871-72, under 
the Department of Railways, he was in charge of the 
Commissariat for Division "L," Exploratory Survey, 
Canadian Pacific Railway, to the north of White Fish 
Bay, Lake of the Woods. 

After leaving the service of the Canadian Government 
in 1874, Mr. Wickham took up land on the Rainy River 
and was among the first of those who located in that 
district. In 1876 Mr. Wickham visited England, 
returning to Canada in 1877 and settling in Toronto. 
Here he studied law with the firm of Bethume, Osier & 
Moss, being articled to the late Sir Charles Moss, C.J.O. 
In 1885 Mr. Wickham was called to the bar, becoming 
a partner of the firm of Kingsford & Wickham. Later, 
1886-93, he became associated with John A. Macdonell, 
K.C., in the agency of the Minister of Justice for the 
Toronto District, during which period his services were 
retained in several important cases, notably the Attor- 
ney-General of Ontario v Francis, which case was won 
by the Dominion Government largely by reason of the 
knowledge of the Indian language and customs which 
Mr. Wickham had acquired during his pioneer days in 
the Canadian Northwest. In 1889-91 Mr. Wickham 



152 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



was associated with the late C. H. Ritchie, K.C., in 
representing the Canadian Cayuga Nation of Indians 
before the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs of the 
State of New Yorlt, pressing the claim of the Indians 
against the State for arrears of treaty money owing as 
part of the consideration in respect of the sale of lands 
about Cayuga Lake, New York, in 1795. This claim 
still forms the subject of arbitration between the United 
States of America and Canada. From 1890 to 1900 Mr. 
Wickham was head of the firm of Wickham & Thompson, 
barristers, and held the appointment of special examiner 
of the Supreme Court of Ontario. From 1899 to 1904, he 
was chiefly instrumental in the promotion of the Lindsay, 
Bobcaygeon & Pontypoo! railway, his services in this 
connection being suitably recognized by the citizens of 
Bobcaygeon and North Victoria upon the arrival of the 
first passenger train at Bobcaygeon on July 28, 1904, 
since which time the railway has been operated and is 
now a part of the C.P.R. system. 

One of the most far-reaching of the public acts of 
Mr. Wickham was his organization, in 1895, of the 
Toronto branch of the Navy League, the first branch 
outside of the British Isles to receive a warrant of 
incorporation. This organization was formed to educate 
the public in regard to the vital importance to the 
British Empire of the question of sea power. Trained 
in the Navy, and deeply imbued with the spirit of that 
great arm of England's might, Mr. Wickham was mani- 
festly fitted for leadership in this movement; for fourteen 
years he was the honorary secretary of the Toronto 
branch, and through his influence many other branches 
were established in other parts of Canada. It was the 
Toronto branch which advocated an auxiliary navy for 
the Empire to be composed of vessels plying on inter- 
British trade routes of approved patterns, and to be 
manned by a naval reserve of seamen to include those 
of the Dominions overseas. It was demonstrated that 
such a force might, by prearrangement, be organized on 
lines which would not interfere with the local autonomy 
of the different parts of the Empire. The original 
organization, which was known as the Toronto Branch 
of the Navy League, was, on the formation of the Navy 
League of Canada in 1917, along with the other Cana- 
dian branches, merged in that body. The official organ 
of the League is a magazine published under the title 
of "The Sailor." In 1909 Mr. Wickham resigned his 
secretaryship of the old Toronto branch on account 
of ill health, and went to the old country for a period 
of rest and recuperation. During his stay in England 
he was by express invitation received by His Excellency 
Earl Grey, Governor-General of Canada, at the time on 
a visit to England, who personally thanked him for the 
work he had done as secretary of the Toronto branch. 
This Earl Grey did in the following words: "I have been 
making enquiry in Canada and I find that for many years, 
you have been pegging away there, practically alone. 
I desired to meet and shake hands with you, and thank 
you personally on behalf of the Empire for the work you 
have done." One of the foremost Imperialists of his 
time. Earl Grey, was a statesman in all that the term 
implies, and his appraisal of the work of any man carries 
the broadest significance. His seeking Mr. Wickham out 
to thank him personally for his services to the Empire 
gives the commendation added meaning. 

In 1905, as above stated, Mr. Wickham was elected 
a vice-president of the Imperial Navy League, this 
office carrying with it membership in the Grand Council 
of the League in England. Fraternally, he is a member 
of the Sons of England, of the Ancient and Ilhistiious 
Order of Cemented Bricks, and of Ionic Lodge, Associa- 
ted Free and Accepted Masons. He is a member of the 
Toronto Cricket Club, for many years a member of the 



Royal Canadian Yacht Club, and is one of the oldi 
members of the Albany Club. He has written extensiv< 
on many topics, including a history of the "Na 
League Movement in Canada" and "Reminiscences 
the Dawson Route." He is at present engaged, 
collaboration with Commander Lord Teignmouth, R.l 
in writing his reminiscences of a midshipman's life 
the gun-room of an old wooden battleship up the Me 
terianean "in the sixties." His natuially systema 
and ordeily mentality gives him a comprehensi 
grasp of any subject which intei-este him. 

In December, 1876, Mr. Wickham married Isabe 
Florence M. Pilsworth, daughter of the late Capt; 
Robert Burrowes Pilsworth, of the Cheshire Lij 
Infantry. 

JOHN PURVIS LAWRASON— For many years ( 
name of John P. Lawrason has been identified in Onta 
with those branches of business endeavor which conci 
the economic security of the people and the developmi 
of the community, and now, as a biokei' in real estate a 
kindred inteiests, he is handling a large and constan 
increasing business. Mr. Lawrason comes of Sco' 
antecedents, but the family has been in Canada for vi 
many years, and Mr. Lawrason's father, Purvis Doug 
Lawrason, was born in Brant county, Ontario. He \ 
for the greater part of his lifetime engaged in farm! 
but for five years he was a member of the firm of I 
& Lawrason, at St. George, Ontario, owning a foun( 
business and manufacturing agricultural implemer 
He was a man of public spirit, and highly esteen 
throughout the country-side, and was made a membei 
the County Council. He died in 1880. He marr 
Charlotte Shook, who was born in Norfolk county, ( 
tario, and died in the year 1883. 

John Purvis Lawrason was born in the town of 
George, Brant county, Ontario, October 20, 1853. '. 
early education was received in the public schools of t 
community, and he later attended Cobourg Universi 
His career was begun in New York City, where he beca 
engaged in the drug business. Returning to Canada, 
followed the same line of activity until the year 18 
when he established a private bank at St. George, Or 
rio, and was engaged in the banking business there 
a period of twenty-four yeais. In 1904 Mr. Lawra 
came to Toronto and entered the real estate busin 
also acting as broker in the buying and selling of busir 
interests. With offices in the National Life building, 
has gone forward along this line from that time until 
present, and has been instrumental in advancing 
general progress. He now stands among the succes! 
men of the day in Ontario. 

Fraternally, Mr. Lawrason holds membership in 
Masonic order, and has always taken an active intei 
in its work. He is also a member of the Ancient Oi de 
United Workmen, the Canadian Order of Foresters, i 
the Loyal Orange Lodge. He is identified with 
Methodist church. 

Mr. Lawrason married, in 1891, Nicie Freem 
daughter of James Freeman, of Hamilton, Ontario, v 
is also now living. They were the parents of one s 
Douglas Mortimer, who is deceased. 

WILSON SAUNDERS MORDEN, B.A., LL. 
K.C. — Long prominent in the legal profession, : 
identified with vaiious business enterprises, Mr. Mor 
is widely and favorably known. He is of United Em- 
Loyalist descent, a son of Jonathan D. and Cathe' 
Howell (Saunders) Morden. 

Mr. Movden was born at Hillier, Prince Edw 
county, Ontario, May 24, 1864. After studying 
Picton High School, M.\ Morden entered Que 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



153 



iversity for his course in arts, and was graduated with 
degree of Bachelor of Arts, later receiving the degree 
Bachelor of Laws from the same institution. Reading 
r with R. C. Clute, (the late Mr. Justice Clute), Mr. 
irden was called to the Ontario bar in 1892, and for 
hteen yeais practiced his profession as a member of 
I firm of Clute & Morden, at Belleville, Ontario. 
1910 Mr. Morden was created a King's Counsel, 
1 came to Toronto in the same year to engage in trust 
npany work. He was appointed general manager 
Guardian Trust Company, Ltd., in 1911, and foUow- 
: an amalgamation which took place in 1919; Mr. 
)rden was made vice-president of Chartered Trust 
Executor Company. He is also connected with several 
lustiial concerns. For ten yeais he was president of 
iminion Match Company, Ltd., with head offices 
Toionto, and factory in Deseronto. This company 
i a most successful growth, and Mr. Morden disposed 
his inteiest in the enterprise in 1920. He is still 
'sident of the Harvest Company, Ltd., of Hamilton, 
tario, manufactuiers of jams and canned fruits, and 
sident of the Whole Grain Wheat Company, Ltd., 
Canada, president of Ontario Timber and Ranching 
mpany, Ltd., and a director of Marsh Engineering 
)rks, Ltd., Belleville, Ontario. 
Vir. Morden is a Conservative in politics and was 
(sident of the West Hastings Conservative Association 
fthe year 1910. He has never sought political honors, 
t', has served as a member of the Belleville Board of 
Jucation for a number of years, and was chairman 
the board for two years (1909-10). He served as an 
"cer of the 15th Regiment, Argyll Light Infantry, of 
l|leville, from 1894 until 1911, when he was placed 
I'lhe Corps Resei ve with the rank of major. In Masonic 
iles Mr. Morden is a past master of Moira Lodge, 
Jleville, Ontario, past grand steward of the Grand 
i^lge, and past grand superintendent of Prince Edward 
l^rict. Royal Arch Masons, and a present member of 
!l Paul's Chapter. He is well known in club circles, 
iiig a member of the Albany Club, the York Club and 
t Rosedale Golf Club. He takes a deep interest in 
liorical studies and for some years has been president 
if he United Empire Loyalist Association of Canada. 
J Is also a member of the council of Queen's University. 
Vl Morden attends Rosedale Presbyterian Church. 

Ir. Moiden mariied, on September 12, 1905, Caroline 
Jie Gibson, daughter of the late Samuel Gibson, of 
inilton, Ontario, and they have three children: 
C' neth Gibson, Catherine Beatrice, and Wilson 
D'land Samuel. The family residence is at No. 172 
i< borough street, East, 'Toronto. 

R. W. EASSON BROWN— In the younger group 

f 'hysicians in Toronto, Dr. Brown is taking a promin- 

nblace. He is a son of Dr. James E. Brown, who came 

o'oronto in Januaiy, 1904, and practiced here until 

uleath, which occurred in October, 1918. He married 

i garet Easson, who was born in Stratford, Ontario. 

r. W. Easson Brown was born in Arkona, Ontario, 

li; 7, 1891, and came to Toronto at the age of thirteen 

" • for his high school course. He was graduated from 

irbord High School in the class of 1908. After the 

preparatory course, he entered the University of 

I !ito, in the medical department, and was graduated 

If class of 1916, with the degree of Bacheloi of 

ine. Almost immediately Dr. Brown enlisted for 

in the Great World War, and served overseas for 

months. In the spring of 1918 he was gassed, and 

iisequence was invalided home. His recovery, how- 

iias since become an accomplished fact, and Dr. 

" n is now serving on the anaesthetic staff of the 

" nto General Hospital. He also has a well established 



private practice, his office being located at No. 10 
Carlton street, in this city. 

A member of the Toronto Academy of Medicine, Dr. 
Brown is considered one of the promising young men in 
the profession. While at the university he was a leader 
in athletics, was on the track team for four years, and 
established a record which still stands. He is now pres- 
ident of the Intercollegiate Track Union. He is also 
honorary president of the Boxing, Wrestling and Fencing 
Club, and is a member of the Graduate Athletic Ad- 
visory Board of the University of Toronto. 

Dr. Brown manied, in Kent, England, on February 
11, 1918, Madeleine Elliott, a graduate nurse of the 
Toronto General Hospital, daughter of W. H. and Jessie 
(Lloyd) Elliott, of this city, all natives of Toronto. Dr. 
and Mrs. Brown have two sons: James Easson, born 
January 29, 1919, and William Elliott, bom September 
21, 1921. 



HENRY LESLIE MOORE WELLER is a descendant 
of an old English family that came to Canada from the 
United States, his grandfather, William Weller being 
a native of Vermont. William Weller came to Prescott, 
Ontaiio, in 1815, when about twenty years of age, 
but remained there for only a short time before moving 
to Cobourg, where he settled permanently. He was the 
founder of the first Stage coach line from Cobourg, in 
1825, and was sole owner for many years of the stage 
coach line between Montreal and Toronto, with head 
offices in the Coffin block, Toronto, at the corner of 
Wellington and Front streets. He continued as owner 
and manager of this line until the Grand Trunk railroad 
was put through in 1855. During this period William 
Weller rendered a service to Lord Sydenham, taking 
him from Toronto to Montreal by stage, and himself 
driving the entire distance without relief. Lord Syden- 
ham's mission was one of gieat importance, and he 
expressed his appreciation of Mr. Weller's aid by pre- 
senting him with a very fine gold watch, suitably en- 
graved. William Weller also built and owned one of the 
earliest telegraph lines in the Dominion, which was first 
known as the International Telegraph Company, and 
which operated from Toronto east, this line being 
eventually absorbed by the Montreal Telegraph Com- 
pany. Four sons of William Weller, the pioneer, attained 
high positions in the professions: Thomas Moore 
Taylor, of whom further; Judge Charles A., of Peterboro, 
who died in 1909, an honored^ member of the Ontario 
bar for many years, and distinguished on the bench; 
William Henry, also deceased, who was local Master in 
Chancery of Cobourg, Ontario; and John L. Weller, 
C. E., long prominent in engineering circles, and now 
consulting engineer of the Welland Canal. 

Thomas Moore Taylor Weller, son of William Weller, 
was born in Cobourg, Ontario, and was educated in 
Upper Canada College. He became a prominent barrister 
of his day, and followed the profession of the law until 
his death in 1874. He married Elizabeth Scott Edgar, 
who was born in Barrie, Ontaiio, and who survived 
him for twenty-thiee years, her death occurring in 1897. 

Henry Leslie Moore Weller, son of Thomas Moore 
Taylor and Elizabeth Scott (Edgar) Weller, was born 
at Cobourg, Ontario, October 29, 1871, and was educated 
in the public schools and collegiate institute of his 
native place. Coming to Toronto at the age of sixteen 
years, he became identified with the Victoria Harbor 
Lumber Company. Two years later he entered the office 
force of the Ontario Lumber Company, where he was 
engaged for ten years as a secretary and treasurer. 
In 1899 Mr. Weller began business independently, 
dealing in timber limits and manufacturing lumber. 
Continuing in this field of activity until 1905, he then 



154 



HE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



entered the world of finance, and has since been success- 
fully engaged as a broker, with offices in the Canada 
Permanent building. Mr. Weller is affiliated fraternally 
with the Free and Accepted Masons, and is a communi- 
cant of the Church of England. 

Mr. Weller married, in 1892, Bertha Elinor Browne, 
who was born in Port Hope, Ontario, and they have one 
son: Henry Maurice Vaughan, who was born March 
30, 1894, was educated in the private schools of Toronto, 
and the Toronto University ,and is now associated with 
the Stobie & Furlong Company, of this city. 



cember 13, 1913, and died May 12, 1914; and Jack 
who was born August 7, 1916. Mr. Moon and fai 
spend a part of each winter in South California and 
zona. Their Toronto residence is at No. 120 Westmc 



JOHN MOON— A Canadian of wide experience, with 
a special knowledge of several fields of business, and an 
active worker in church and social movements, Mr. 
Moon was born on his father's faim in Huron county, 
Ontario, February 17, 1878, his parents, Thomas and 
Mary (McVitte) Moon. 

Mr. Moon received his education in the public schools 
of Huron county, and after serving in the South African 
War, spent three years in Manitoba in experimental 
farming. Not quite satisfied with farming as an occupa- 
tion, he returned to Ontario and entered the tailoring 
business at Clinton. He spent five years at Clinton 
and then came to Toronto, where for the next four years 
he conducted a tailoring establishment. 

In 1912 he entered the real estate and insurance 
business as an independent dealer, establishing himself 
at No. 1176 St. Clair avenue, West, his present address. 
He also deals extensively in loans and the managing of 
estates. The spirit of neighborliness and fiiendliness 
that one feels upon entering Mr. Moon's office is manifest 
in all his activities. He is a keen worker for the welfare 
of his district, and an active supporter of every movemerit 
designed to increase the prosperity of the St. Clair 
District. 

Before coming to Toronto, while he was a resident of 
Clinton, Ontario, Mr. Moon was instrumental in form- 
ing the Pastime Club of Clinton, and served as its first 
president. He is a member of the executive committee 
of the St. Clair and District Business Men's Association. 
An enthusiastic lovei of all out-door sports and games, 
he is an active member of the Oakwood Bowling Club, 
and, for the past eight years has been a member of the 
Island Athletic Association. For several years he served 
as chairman of the Island Social Club and contributed 
grfeatly to the success of its undertakings. He is a 
Methodist, and is well known in church circles, having 
been a member of the choir of the Metropolitan Metho- 
dist Church under the direction of Dr. Taunton, and 
at the present time is a member of the choir of the 
Timothy Eaton Memorial Church. In politics, he is a 
Conservative, and for the last twelve yeais has served 
as an executive of the North-end Division, Ward Six. 

Mr. Moon is a Mason, a member of Wilson Lodge, 
No. 26, Free and Accepted Masons. He is also a charter 
member of Oakwood Lodge, No. 553. He is a member of 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, holding member- 
ship in Oakwood Lodge, No. 456, of which he is a past 
noble grand. He is also a past captain of the Order of 
Patriarchs Militant. For many years he was a vice- 
president of the British Imperial Association, and he is 
still a member of the executive committee of that 
organization. He was a sergeant of the 33rd Battalion, 
of Huron, for five years, and was associated with the 
48th Highlanders of Toronto, for a like period. 

Mr. Moon married, on March 26, 1913, Violet Hoff- 
man, daughter of George and Kate (Kastner) Hoffman, 
of Sebringville, Ontario. Mr. and Mrs. Moon have had 
two children: Walter George Percy, who was born De- 



MATTHEW RIDDELL— With forty-five of his se 
ty years spent in his native Scotland, the ancestral I 
of his family, and eighteen passed in Canada, the 1 
of his adoption, and seven travelling in the United S 
and Canada, Matthew Riddell remained until his d 
constantly true to the highest ideals of the old an( 
new land, finding necessary no division of allegianci 
any breach of sympathy. His name stands upon T( 
to's business annals as a member of the stationery 
blank book manufacturing firm of Hart & Riddell, 
he was identified with religious, social and civic ci 
in this city, his standing that of a high-minded gentle 
of substantial worth. 

Son of Matthew Riddell, Mr. Riddell was boi 
Glasgow, Scotland, receiving hereditary membersh 
the Maltman Craft of Glasgow, Scotland, the fa 
having been represented through collateral branch 
this body since 1699. He attended the public scl 
of his native city and then was a student in the A: 
sonian University, being especially interested in m 
matics. For some time during his young manhood hi 
a tutor in the Island of Luing, off the Argyllshire c 
in the West Highlands, and here he acquired a spes 
knowledge of Gaelic. He entered business life it 
putslishing house of Richard Griffin & Cornpan; 
London and Glasgow, and then became associated 
the firm of Sir William Collins Sons & Company, 
of Glasgow, an extremely old firm, and one of the la 
book-publishing concerns in the world. This conne 
endured for twenty-eight years, and as a young m 
twenty-six, Mr. Riddell came to America as repres 
tive of that company for Canada and the United SI 
travelling back and forth, with headquarters in 
York City until 1873. He then returned to Scotlai 
assume charge of the foreign department of the comj 
later becoming a director, member of the firm, and 
ager of the warehouses. Mr. Riddell retired fror 
William Collins Sons & Company, Ltd., in 1890, ai 
1892, having previously arranged a partnership 
S. R. Hart for the manufacture of stationery and 1 
books, he came to Toronto. 

One of his close friends was Duncan MacG 
Crerar, a noted poet (see "Scottish Poets in Ame 
by John D. Ross), who wrote him a poem of wel 
under the title, "Ceud Mile Failt, Mo Charaid Di 
(A hundred thousand welcomes, my beloved frien 

Welcome, leal friend of auld lang syne, 
■ A welcome warm to thee and thine, 
Welcome to land of maple, pine, 

Ceud mile failt, mo charaid dileas. 

How proud Canada fair may be 
That with her now thy destiny I 
She has no worthier son than thee, 

Ceud mile failt, mo charaid dileas. 

May peace, prosperity alway 
And love within thy border stay 
To bless thee, thine, till latest day, 

Ceud mile failt. mo charaid dileas. 

And when the shadow? longer grow 
Adown the gloamings golden glow. 
Yours be, when ends the course below. 

Heavenls joyous failt. mo charaid dileas. 

This same author, two years prior to Mr. Rii 
coming to Canada, had received from Mr. and 
Riddell sprays of rowan with berries they culled 
a tree planted by Duncan MacGregor Crerar duri 
boyhood in his mother's garden at Amulree, Pertl 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



155 



cotland, and on this occasion the poet had inscribed to 
nem the following verses: 

SPRAYS OF ROWAN 
Pray takoniy thanks, warm-hearted friends, 

For this charincd Kift from Amulree; 
Gnt'n leaves and ctiral clustei-s fair 

You rulled from my dear Kowan tree. 
Ah I many years have oome and gone 

Since planhxl I the sapling small. 
I left the scene, the twig has growii 

To be a comely tree and tall. 
And oh! twa-s cherislied for my sake 

Witli love through many changing years. 
By a fond mother who oft gazed 

I'pon it through affection's tears 
Beside the village church she sleeps. 

The cot has fallen to decay : 
The stately tree oft moans and signs 

For the departed, happier day. 
How sweet and soothing to recall 

The joyous, ever-living past. 
Kre sorrows of maturer years 

Their shadows o'er our pathway cast! 
Our loving kin. the cosy homes. 

The scenes that first ope'd to otu- view. 
The friends sincere, the comrades leal. 

Our heart of hearts will aye love true. 
My blessings, friends, whom long ago 

I neath Ontario's maple-s met. 
The thought that promjjted you to send 

This gift. I never shall forget. 
If himible lay of mine inspired 

Your pilgrimage to Amulree. 
Oh then, may flourish on for aye, 

My own. my beauteous Kowan tree! 

The firm of Hart «& Riddell took over the business that 
ad formerly been conducted as Hart & Company, anti 
iie partnership continued successfully and prosperously 
itil the death of Mr. Riddell in 1910. At the present 
me it is conducted under the firm name of S. R. Hart 

Company, Ltd. Mr. Riddell was also the senior 
irtner in the firm of Wm. Tyrrell & Company, retail 
poksellers. Mr. Riddell was a member of the Toronto 
card of Trade, and was interested in all of its work, 
is church was the Bloor Street Presbyterian, in which 
! was long a member of the board of managers, chairman 

the board in 1908 and 1909, and an elder from 1899 
iitil his death. While in Scotland he was a strong 
jladstonian, and in Canada supported Liberal beliefs. 
je was a member of St. Andrew's Society and the 
aledonian Society of Toronto, and in his native land 
id been affiliated with the Masonic order, although he 
d not demit to the Canadian lodge. Mr. Riddell was 
fssionately fond of books, and in his splendid library, 
tiich contained a valuable collection of Gaelic works, he 
issed many of his most pleasant hours in real apprecia- 
DH of the treasures he had there gathered. 

Mr. Riddell married Agnes Traquair Rutherford, born 

Edinburgh, and their children are: Agnes Rutherford; 

atthew, a professor in the University of Illinois; 
ssie Helen Rutherford; Dr. Andrew Rutherford, who 
:rved in the Imperial and Canadian armies, with rank 

captain, and is now with the Department of Soldiers 
'vil Re-establishment in Toronto; and Jean Rutherford. 

atthew Riddell died in London, England, March 4, 

10, and is buried in Mt. Pleasant Cemetery, Toronto. 

MURRAY GORDON— In legal circles in Toronto 

ir. Gordon is a well known figure, and is handling a 
1-ge and constantly growing practice. Mr. Gordon 
'mes of Scottish ancestry, both paternal and maternal, 
jd is a son of George and Sarah (Cochburn) Gordon, 
'le elder Mr. Gordon is a long established merchant 
< Tottenham, Ontario, also a banker of high standing, 
id justice of the peace of Simcoe county. 
Murray Gordon was born in Tottenham, Ontario, 
oril 18, 1887. Receiving his early education in the 
iblic and high schools of his native place, he thereafter 



entered the University of Toronto, receiving the degree 
of Bachelor of Arts from that institution in 1909, and 
the degree of Bachelor of Laws in 1913. Called to the 
bar from Osgoode Hall Law School in the year 1913, 
he has since practiced in the city of Toronto, and has 
already won a position of prominence, handling a general 
practice. He is a member of the Toronto Board of 
Trade, and keeps in touch with the general progress, 
as well as professional advance. His chief recreative 
interests are out-door sports, and he is a member of 
The Oakwood Club, the Ontario Jockey Club, and he 
also has played lacrosse. Politically he is a Conservative, 
fraternally a Mason, a charter member of Golden Fleece 
Lodge, and was an oflScer, now on the retired list of 
governor-general's bodyguard. 

Mr. Gordon married Ida Gertrude Hogg, of Toronto, 
on November 30, 1916. Mrs. Gordon is a daughter of 
Albert Orr Hogg, a man of prominence in the grain trade, 
president of Bowes Company, Ltd., and of Hogg & 
Lytle, Ltd. Mr. and Mrs. Gordon have one daughter, 
Sarah Jane Bernice, born March 6, 1919. They attend 
the Presbyterian church. 

ROBERT JOHN CHRISTIE— Active along financial 
lines in Toronto, and with life experience in this and 
allied branches of endeavor, Mr. Christie is bearing a 
very practical part in the solution of the economic 
problems of the day in Canada. Mr. Christie is of 
American nativity, of Scotch descent, and is a son of 
Thomas S. Christie, who was born in Scotland July 26, 
1826, and died in 1889. He was for many years a mem- 
ber of the faculty of Phillips Academy, of Andover, 
Massachusetts, and also spent a period of seventeen 
years in France as a professor of English. Professor 
Christie married Mary Stewart, who was born in Dundee, 
Scotland, April 14, 1835, and died in 1896. 

Robert John Christie was born in Andover, Massachu- 
setts, March 14, 1876, and during his early years attended 
the public schools of his native place, completing his 
education at Phillips Academy. His first business 
experience was with the Equitable Life Insurance Com- 
pany, where he was engaged as valuator for a period of 
ten years. Coming to Toronto at the end of that time, 
Mr. Christie entered the field of mortgage brokerage, 
in which he has since been active, and has not only 
achieved marked success, but has taken a deep interest 
in all conditions which bear upon the business. He has 
been especially active in his efforts to bring about the 
extension of the law of moratorium, as he is convinced 
that the people of Canada should be permitted more 
leeway in paying off mortgages. Many of these obliga- 
tions were contracted for before the war, and with the 
present greatly changed conditions the release of the 
moratorium would mean undue expense for the parties 
most vitally concerned. In this championship of the 
people Mr. Christie is striving to encourage an advance 
which will mean the increased security and permanence 
of the home and which will count for the security and 
permanence of the nation. His offices are in the Con- 
federation Life Chambers, at the corner of Queen and 
Victoria streets, and occupying suite No. 240, he is 
advantageously located in the financial district of the 
city. 

In political affairs Mr. Christie takes only the interest 
of the progressive citizen. He holds membership in the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows of Andover, is a 
member of the Empire Club, of Toronto, and also of the 
Association for the Preservation of Fish and Game in 
Canada, being a strong devotee of the north woods 
country. Fond of fishing and hunting, he spends much 
time in the field and streams. He identifies himself with 
the Presbyterian church. 



156 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



ALBERT EDWARD WEBSTER, M.D., D.D.S., 
M.D.S. — Dean of the Royal College of Dental Surgeons, 
with an international reputation as one of the leaders 
of his profession, Dr. Webster was born at Creemore, 
Simcoe county, Ontario, son of George and Esther 
(Gowan) Webster, in the year 1867. He received his 
preliminaiy education in the public and continuation 
schools of Creemore, and proceeded to Collingwood 
Collegiate Institute, and later, to Bradford Model 
School. His academic education completed. Dr. Webster 
became a teacher in the public school at Baxter, Simcoe 
county, Ontario. Some months later, he occupied a like 
position in the public school at Everett, in the same 
county. 

His interest had long before been attracted to the 
profession of dental surgery and he presently entered 
the Chicago College of Dental Surgery, one of the most 
famous institutions of its kind in the world, then a 
department of Lake Forest University. Dr. Webster 
matriculated in 1890, and was graduated in 1893 with 
the degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery. He returned to 
Canada forthwith, and continued his studies at the Royal 
College of Dental Surgeons at Toronto, from which he 
graduated in 1894. During the years 1895 and 1896, 
Dr. Webster attended lectures at Trinity Medical 
College. The following year he returned to Chicago and 
entered Rush Medical College, of the medical depart- 
ment of 'the University of Chicago, where he completed 
his medical training, graduating in 1898 with the degree 
of Doctor of Medicine. He then returned to the Chicago 
College of Dental Surgeons, and spent the remainder of 
the year 1898 in post-graduate work. 

Dr. Webster began his professional career at Pem- 
broke, Ontario, in 1891, as an associate of Dr. Mat 
McKay, M.A., M.P. In the summer of 1893 he was 
associated with Dr. J. H. Irwin of Collingwood, and in 
1894 with Dr. Daniel McPhee of Arnprior. After pur- 
suing post-graduate work at the Chicago College of 
Dental Surgery in 1898, Dr. Webster a^ain became an 
associate of Dr. Irwin, remaining at Collirjgwood during 
the years 1899 and 1900. He gave up this connection 
in 1900 in order to establish himself as an independent 
practitioner in Toronto. 

Dr. Webster's eminent attainments as a scholar 
and his services alike to his profession and to the city 
of Toronto have given him a very distinguished position. 
He received his first professional appointment in 1893, 
when he was made a demonstrator in the Royal College 
of Dental Surgeons. In 1899 he became Professor of 
Orthodontia. In 1900 he was appointed Instructor in 
Bacteriology. In 1907 he became Professor of Operative 
Dentistry, Dental Pathology, and Therapeutics, and in 
1914 he was appointed dean of the Faculty. In 1900 
Dr. Webster was appointed editor of the "Dominion 
Dental Journal." In 1902 he joined the staff of the 
Hospital for Sick Children. He attended this hospital 
as a staff surgeon for eight years, resigning in 1910, when 
the pressure of his professional work made it impossible 
for him to continue in attendance. Lecturer to the 
nurses in training at the same hospital for ten years, 
Dr. Webster has profoundly affected professional 
thought and opinion in regard to dentistry and the 
importance of dental hygiene, especially among school 
children. Dr. Webster was the Canadian official delegate 
at the Fourth International Dental Congress, held at 
Paris in the year 1900, and as official delegate, again 
represented Canada at the Fifth International Dental 
Congress held at St. Louis in 1904. In 1912 he represent- 
ed Canada at the meeting of the British Dental Associa- 
tion held at Glasgow. He has long been a member of the 
International Dental Federation. He was a member of 
the pioneer organization which called together the first 



meeting of all the dentists of Canada in 1902. T 
meeting led to the formation of the Canadian Den 
Association, and the Dominion Dental Council. ] 
Webster was appointed a consulting member of i 
Dominion Dental Council, and in 1910 was m: 
president of the Canadian Dental Association. In 1! 
he was elected president of the Toronto Dental Socie 
He has twice been president of the Odontological CI' 
Dr. Webster is a member of the Academy of Medici 
president of the American Institute of Dental Teach( 
and has served for two periods as a member of i 
Senate of the University of Toronto. He is a memi 
of the Academy of Dentistry of America. At the con' 
cation of the University of Toronto in 1921, the ti 
of Master of Dental Surgery was conferred upon h 
honoris causa, by the Royal College of Dental Surge( 
of Ontario. 

Dr. Webster has presented addresses, papers, a 
clinics, before nearly all of the important dental societ 
in Great Britain, France, and Australia, as well as 
Canada and the United States. He has contribul 
many articles to professional journals during the pi 
twenty years, and is the author of two chapters in 1 
"Text Book of Operative Dentistry," edited by C. 
Johnson, and published by Blakiston, Philadelph 
He is also the author of two chapters in "Bennet 
Dental Surgery," published by Oxford Univers 
press, London and New York. He now has in prep,: "ati 
two text books on dentistry: "How to Teach Opemti 
Dentistry," and "Methods of Operative Procedures 
Dentistry." Dr. Webster is a member of the Anglic 
church. He belongs to the Young Men's Christi 
Association; the Lambton Golf and Country Cli 
the Thornhill Club; the Faculty Union, University 
Toronto; and the Canadian Club. His fraternity is t 
Delta Sigma Delta. 

In 1904 he married Anna Richardson, daugh 
of M. K. and Mary (McFarland) Richardson, M.! 
both deceased. Her parents were residents of Fleshy 
ton. Gray county. Dr. and Mrs. Webster have thi 
daughters; Helen Lucas, Edith Mary, and Eliyabf 
Ruth. 



JOSEPH PATRICK WALSH— Of the younj 
group of barristers who are taking part in the genei 
advance in Toronto, Joseph P. Walsh is a well knoi 
member. He is of Irish descent; his grandfather cai 
from Ireland about the year 1837, settling in Toroni 
Joseph J. Walsh, Mr. Walsh's father, was born 
Toronto in 1854, and grew to manhood in this cit 
In 1882 he removed to Stratford, Ontario, where 1 
career was spent as a merchant, and where he died 
January, 1919. Joseph J. Walsh married Emma Goug 
who died in 1917. 

Joseph Patrick Walsh was born in Stratford, Ontari 
February 22, 1893, and received his early education 
the separate schools, thereafter attending the Stratfo 
Collegiate Institute. Preparing for his profession 
Osgoode Hall Law School, he was called to the bar 
April, 1915, and is now a member of the law firm 
Day, Ferguson & Walsh, with offices at No. 26 Adelai 
street. Politically he endorses the principles of t 
Liberal party, and is a member of the Roman Catho 
church. 

Mr. Walsh married, in New York City, on Noveml: 
26, 1920, Maud McManus, of that city, and they resi 
at No. 46 St. Andrew's Gardens. 



JAMES EDWARD MAYBEE— Internationally proi 
inent as a solicitor of patents, expert in trademarks, a 
broadly interested in every phase of public advan 
James Edward Maybee, of "Toronto, has long been 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



157 



;ure of significance in the industrial progress of the 
ominion of Canada. Mr. Maybee is a son of James 
id Emily Grace (Windscheffel) Maybee, who came 

Canada from London, England, in 1873, settling in 
oronto. The elder Mr. Maybee was a master draper 
' occupation, and while in Toronto was engaged along 
is line of activity with the John Kay Company. He 
ed in the prime of life, eight years after establishing 
s home in Toronto (1881). The mother survived him 
r many years, and died January 17, 1920. 
James Edward Maybee was born in London, England, 
arch 11, 1866, and was seven years of age when he 
me with his parents to Canada. His education was 
•gun in the public schools of Toionto, from which he 
' tered the Jarvis Street Collegiate Institute, eventually 
ting himself for his profession by private tuition under 
e preeeptorship of Donald C. Ridout, whose office 
•ad he subsequently became. The history of the present 
m reaches back to the founding of the firm of Donald 

Ridout & Company, in 1867. Mr. Maybee became 
entified with the firm in 1883, and ten years later, 
)on the death of D.C. Ridout, the firm of Ridout & 
aybee was formed, John G. Ridout, a brother of D.C. 
idout, being the senior partner. Again the death 

the senio! partner left Mr. Maybee alone in 1911, and 
II has since carried on the business personally. He 
iindles a general practice as solicitor of patents, has 
jne deeply into the subject of patent law not only in 
'inada, but in Ameiica, and other countries in all 
irts of the world, and is an acknowledged authority 

patent matters. The greater part of his business is 
I eouise in the Dominion, but he handles much work 
Ir United States concerns and for industrial organiza- 
!)ns all over the world. He is a member of the Chartered 
istitute of Patent Agents of London, England, of the 
istralasian Institute of Patent Agents, and is a regis- 
red United States attorney. He is a member of the 
Hnadian Manufacturers' Association, with which he has 
Jen identified for many years, and is a member of the 
*ironto Board of Trade. 

An Independent in politics, Mr. Maybee has never 
sught public honors, but is keenly interested in educa- 
nnal work, and has served for the past six years as 
(airman of the school board of Port Credit, where he 
ssides. He has been re-elected for a seventh term to the 
iime office. His chief recreative interest is in the science 
< astronomy. He is a member of the Royal Astronomi- 
•1 Society of Canada, and in 1909 was a member of the 
>:)vernment Eclipse Expedition to Labrador, as a 
ibresentative of the above society to observe the 
ilipse of that year. Mr. Maybee is a member of the 
Unadian Club, the Port Credit Club, and the Thirteen 
*ub, and he holds membership in the Anglican church. 
.' sports he has for many years been an active yachtsman 
id lawn bowler. 

Mr. Maybee mairied, in Toronto, on September 30, 

97, Annie A. Short, of this city, and they have one 
'lighter and two sons, as follows: A. Lynette, Gareth 
Uward, and William James. 



JAMES HENRY DIXON has had twenty-five years 
(perience in prospecting, exploring, and developing 
Md and silver mines in Northern Ontario and Quebec. 
1' has personally visited and inspected every mineral 
f'tion worthy of the name in these two Provinces and 
lids large interests in Northern Ontario. Mr. Dixon 
[ices his valuable training and experience at the ser- 
^'e of the public as a developer and operator of desirable 
fning investments, in partnership with Stanley R. 
'ook. 

Mr. Dixon was born in Waterford, New Hampshire, 
Ibruary 22, 1871, and received his early education 



at the La Chute Academy, Province of Quebec, later 
attending a course of lectures on mineralogy given by 
the late Sii William Dawson, of McGill University, 
Montreal. During the subsequent years Mr. Dixon was 
called to many parts of the Dominion of Canada to make 
geological reports on mining properties of large import, 
also going to the States, notably Colorado. His work of 
this nature covered a period of twenty-five years. In 
1918 Mr. Dixon formed a partnership with Stanley R. 
Snook, and they have since operated as underwriters and 
operatojs of gold and silvei mining propel ties in various 
parts of the Dominion. They are principally interested 
in the Matachewan gold belt but also have large interests 
in West Shining Tree gold camp. Holmes township gold 
belt, and have options and interests in gold properties 
in the Lake of the Woods district. 

Fraternally, Mr. Dixon is widely known, a member 
of Mt. Moriah Lodge, No. 38, Fi ee and Accepted Masons, 
of Montreal; St. John's Chapter, Royal Aich Masons, 
of North Bay; Harrington Preceptory, Knights Tem- 
plar; and is also a member of Rameses Temple, Ancient 
Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. He is a 
member and past grand of Minnehaha Lodge, No. 353, 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He is also a past 
master of the Ancient Order of United Workmen. 

Mr. Dixon married, in 1901, in Pembroke, Margaret 
Ann Pappin, who was born in Westmeath, Ontario, a 
daughter of the late Narcisse and Amelia Pappin, her 
father being a lumberman; the mother was a native of 
Westmeath, Ontario. Mr. and Mrs. Dixon have two 
children: Wesley, born February 26, 1903, who is taking 
a course in mechanics at the Technical School, Toronto; 
and Margaret, born in North Bay, August 28, 1913, and 
now in the public schools of Toronto. The family 
residence is at No. 317 Rusholme road, Toronto. 



LIONEL GEORGE AMESDEN, vice-president and 
managing director of the Consolidated Optical Company, 
was born in Lambton county, Ontario, April 7, 1861, son 
of Edwin and Catherine (Bourne) Amesden. His father 
was the owner of a farm in Lambton county, and this 
being the family residence, Lionel G. had the advantage 
of spending his early years among the sights and sounds 
of country life. 

Mr. Amesden received his preliminary education in 
the public schools of Ontaiio, and, at the age of fourteen 
years was sent to London, England, where he became an 
apprentice in an optical factoiy. In connection with the 
practical training thus received, Mr. Amesden used his 
spare time to good advantage by attending a technical 
school. He spent seven years in London and then re- 
tuined to Canada, well qualified to undertake any 
work pertaining to the optical trade. He was engaged 
in optical work in Canada for the three years immediate- 
ly following his return. In 1884 he received an offer from 
one of the leading jewelry firms of Detroit, Michigan, 
and went to that city in order to take charge of the 
optical department of their establishment. He spent nine 
yeais at Detroit and then returned to Canada to organize 
the optical plant known as Cohen Brothers. He managed 
this business until 1907 and then effected an amalgama- 
tion of the thiee films of Cohen Brothers, The Montreal 
Optical Company, and the Dominion Optical Company, 
under the name of the Consolidated Optical Coinpany. 
He was elected vice-p-esident and managing director 
of this firm at the time of its consolidation and has held 
these positions ever since. 

Mr. Amesden is a member of the Church of England. 
He is president of the Victoria Club of Toronto, a mem- 
ber of the Thornhill Golf Club, and is keenly interested 
in all matters that concern the business and social 
life and welfare of the city. 



158 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



Mr. Amesden marned, in 1885, Emma Louisa Tuiner, 
daughter of Charles and Annie (Gamble) Turner. Four 
children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Amesden, three 
now living: 1. William George, who was bom in Detioit, 
Michigan, March 21, 1888. He attended St. Alban's 
Cathedral School and the University of Toronto, grad- 
uating B. Sc. in 1911. FVom the latter year until 1913 
he was engaged in the practice of his profession as civil 
engineer of municipal railway construction. From 1913 
to 1915 he was associated with his father, in charge of 
the scientific instrument department of the business. 
In the latter year he enlisted in the 4th Canadian 
Infantry, for service during the World War, with the 
rank of lieutenant. He was killed in action at the battle 
of Amiens, August 8, 1918. 2. Evelyn, who was born 
February 3, 1886. 3. Lionel G., Jr., who was born 
January 23, 1892. He attended St. Alban's Cathe- 
dral School and Upper Canada College. He enlisted in 
1915 and served with the 4th Canadian Infantry, in the 
same company as his brothei, taking over the command 
of the company after the death of his brother. He 
was gassed and shell-shocked. He was discharged in 
April, 1919, and now holds the position of sales manager 
with his father's firm. 4. Edith, who was born September 
23, 1897. 

JOHN NOBLE, M.B., M.D., CM.— The practice 
that Dr. Noble enjoys in Toronto is the result of more 
than three decades of constantly devoted service in his 
profession in this city, where all of his active career in 
medical work has been passed. Dr. Noble's standing 
among his professional colleagues and in the public 
esteem is the fitting reward of able talents directed in 
sustained usefulness in accordance with the highest 
ethics of a noble calling. 

Dr. Noble is a son of William Noble, born in Ireland 
in 1822, came to Canada in young manhood, settling 
at Erin Village, Ontario, where he engaged in farming 
throughout his active life, his death occurring in 1903. 
He was well known as an Orangeman and performed 
valuable work for this order. He married Elizabeth 
Paisley, born near Enniskillen, Ireland, in 1829, who 
died in 1913. 

Dr. Noble was born in Welling county, Ontario, March 
7, 1854. His general education was obtained in public 
schools and Georgetown Academy, of Georgetown, after 
which he taught school in grammar grades for several 
terms. In 1885 he came to Toronto, and in 1889 was 
graduated M.B. from the Toronto School of Medicine, 
later receiving the degrees of M.D. and CM. from 
Victoria College at Cobourg. His work as a practitioner 
began in 1890 and from that year he has been a highly 
regarded and respected member of Toronto's professional 
fraternity. His present offices are at No. 219 Carleton 
street, and here he meets the demands of a large prac- 
tice that has grown to its generous proportions through 
the years. 

Dr. Noble is a member of the Masonic order, is also 
an Orangeman, and a member of the Presbyterian church. 
Politically, he is a Liberal Conservative. Dr. Noble has 
at all times taken an active interest in educational mat- 
ters and has been a member of the Board of Education 
of the city of Toronto at various peiiods for a total of 
seventeen years. During the year 1920 he was chairman 
of the board. He has also taken an active part in muni- 
cipal affairs and served as a member of the City Council 
for four years, 1906-1909. 



MORLEY F. LUKE— In the world of finance of 
Ontario, Mr. Luke is well known, his brojierage business 
in Toronto placing him among the leading figures in this 
field of business endeavor. Mr. Luke is a son of Williiim 



and Nellie (Camplin) Luke, both natives of Onl 
county, and both now living. The elder Mr. Lul 
actively engaged as a contractor. 

Morley F. Luke was born in Ontario county, Au 
15, 1889. Educated in the public schools near his h< 
he came to Toronto to enter upon his career, and 
first position was as clerk in a mercantile establishrr 
After a year of this employment, Mr. Luke bee 
identified with the famous department store ol 
Eaton & Company, Ltd., in the capacity of desij 
and was thus engaged for five years. He therei 
became interested in the theatrical world, and lor 
year was active along this line. He then establi 
his present business as broker in stocks and bonds, 
has continued in this field until the present time, di; 
one year of the interval being on the New York S 
Exchange. He is counted among the conserve 
and far-sighted men in finance, and holds an ass 
position in this field of endeavor. 

For three years, from 1910 until 1913, Mr. Luke 
a member of the "Queen's Own Rifles" (Second I 
ment), serving as a private. He is broadly interests 
all advance, and for a number of years has been an a( 
member of the Toronto Young Men's Christian Ass( 
tion. He is a member of the Methodist church of Tore 

Mr. Luke married, in 1915, Emily Irene Woodw 
who was born in Toronto, March 14, 1891. 

THOMAS GIBSON— Combining a keen int( 
and understanding of the law with a full knowledjf 
the business and economic conditions, Thomas Gi 
has found a broad sphere of service. He was bor 
Ingersoll, Ontario, June 14, 1875, son of Joseph and J 
(Buchanan) Gibson. He was educated at Inge 
Collegiate Institute, and at Toronto University, gra 
ting in 1897 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. Ir 
same year he engaged to read law with Mads 
Macdonald, Shepley & Middleton, of Toronto, at 
same time attending Osgoode Hall Law School, gra 
ting in 1900. He was immediately called to the 
and practiced law in his home town for the perio 
three years, and from 1903 to 1909 he was junior par 
of the firm of Rowell, Reid, Wilkie, Wood & Git 
Toronto. In 1909 he became associated with the I 
Superior Paper Corporation, as general counsel. 

Then came the war, and in 1916 he gave up his 
practice for the time being and assisted in recrui 
for the 168th Battalion, known as "Oxford's Oi 
C.E.F. He accompanied the battalion overseas as sec 
in-command, and when it was broken up overseas i 
the arrival in England, he was appointed senior maji 
the Labor Battalion (Fourth), serving over a yea 
France. He proved himself an efficient officer 
was mentioned in despatches, and on January 1, 1 
he was awarded the D.S.O. While in England, he sei 
on the staff of the overseas minister of militia in Lon 
and as assistant deputy minister, O.M.F.C 
June, 1919, he was made a companion of St. Mic 
and St. George, and was awarded the French Medail 
Honneur. 

Returning to America, he immediately resumed 
professional life, and in addition to filling the of 
of vice-president and general counsel for the Spa 
River Pulp and Paper Mills, he is the head of the 
firm of Gibson & Gibson; vice-president and ger 
counsel of the Lake Superior Paper Company, I 
president and general counsel of the Fort William Pi 
Company, Ltd; general counsel and director of the Alg 
Steel Corporation, Ltd.; the Lake Superior Corpora) 
and subsidiary companies. Mr. Gibson finds time, des 
his large business and professional interests, to indulg 
an occasional game of golf, which together with garde 



BIOGRAPI! 




-eA 



ML^ 



i 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



159 



siders his chief recreation. He is a member of the 
,.ru.;to Club, Albany Club, University Club, Mississ- 
^a Golf Club, Rideau Club of Ottawa, Lawyers' 
jub of New York, the Sault Ste. Marie city Golf, and 
iuntry clubs. He is also affiliated with the Free and 
icepted Masons, and the Independent Order of Odd 
(Hows. 

iMr. Gibson married, September 16, 1903, Clara 
(inie Sharon, daughter of F. Sharon. They have three 
rughters and two sons: Janet; Marion; Eleanor; 
jomas, Jr.; and Douglas. 

PERCY CHARLES DEEBLE— The active career of 
irey Charles Deeble carried him from his native 
l.gland to lands little known to the average man, the 
:tlying, far distant colonies of the British Empire, 
)d in 1911 to Canada, where he has achieved a dis- 
;ctive place in commercial, financial and industrial 
jairs. Mr. Deeble is a son of Charles and Helena 
■ra Deeble, his father a merchant of Falmouth, Corn- 
pII, England. The elder Deeble is an ex-mayor of 
[Imouth, ex-chairman of the Falmouth Board of 
lade, ex-chairman of the Port Sanitary Authorities, 
'chairman of the Board of Guardians, and a past 
ii.ster in Royal Arch Masonry. 

Percy Charles Deeble was born in Falmouth, Corn- 
f\\, England, February 7, 1882, and there began his 
Sication in the Falmouth Grammar School. His first 
»|ployment was with Downings, general merchants, 
sji for two years he was a clerk apprentice at his birth- 
pee. At the end of this time he entered independent 
bj^iness as a dry goods merchant in Brussels, Belgium, 
so dealing in laces, and later extended his operations 
tt the British Colonies. Both retail and wholesale 
tinsactions came within his sphere and he became 
tive along financial lines in various British colonies. 
Bturning to England, he remained there for five or six 
i»irs, devoting his time to numerous investments, and in 
111 came to Toronto, here continuing financial opera- 
bns and forming an identification with the lumber 
ii ustry. 

Jpon becoming associated with Leonard R. Steel, 
N. Deeble withdrew from his independent work and 
t'e all of his time and energy to the promotion of the 
Vit Steel enterprises. He is now president of the L.R 
3el Service Corporation, Ltd.; vice-president of the 
LI. Steel Service Corporation of New York, and a 
i?ctor of the allied companies, the Steel Realty Devel- 
anent Corporation, the L.R. Steel Company, Ltd., and 
b,.' L. R. Steel Company, Inc. Thehead offices of the L.R. 
S el Service Corporation, Ltd., are in the Royal Bank 
biding, Toronto, with branch offices in Canadian cities 
tim coast to coast. In the near future Mr. Deeble plans 
tl extension of his organization to the British Isles. 
AMntemporary writer has given the following picture 
oMr. Deeble in the world of affairs: 

rom the different phases of his life work. Mr. Deeble has evolved 
1 lotto — "Smile, Strive, Stick," which has worked wonders for 
n . He derives a Krcat deal of plca.siire from in.spirinK his large 
i) growing sales staff with the pot<!ncy of thLs mott<i. His motto 
w rloscriixK him, for his cheorfulnoss and geniality are contagious; 
man who loves his work, and his working day Is very often 
i-hour one. His ability to stick is proverbial among his co- 

11 lasight into the make-up of Mr. Deeble is found in his famous 
1)1 ram which has Ixxjn widely <iuoted in magazines and newspapers: 

I man stumbles, here's my hand ; if he lies down, there's the door," 
1 t epigram is a quick word sketch of Mr. Deeble. He will go to 
ifiit ends u> help the man who is honestly trying. He is a sane 
i" consistent optimist. He believes that good times and bad times 
iuto a large degree a matter of mental attitude. He believes in 
taing prosperity and working for prosperity at all times, 

vir. Deeble is a member of the famous Forty-eighth 
l";hlanders in Toronto. His fraternal affiliations are 
wh the Masonic order, and he is a member of the 



Church of England. His club is the Toronto Hunt, and 
he is a member of the Board of Trade. The writer quoted 
above concludes the article, whose subject is Mr. Deeble, 
■with the following words: 

Outside of work — which is his greatest hobby — Mr. Deeble devotes 
part of his spare time to fishing and hunting and enjoying rural life 
on his farm uj) in Maskoka. He is an ardent, real, live, dv(d-ln- 
the-wool C^anadian, who believes Implicitly in Canada, in Canadians, 
in Maile-in-Canada gotxls, and in the wonderful century of Canada 
which we are now entering, 

Percy Charles Deeble married, in London, England, 
June 25, 1911, Hermine Schoonheyt. 

CHARLES KIRK CLARKE, M.D., LL.D.— Author- 
ity in an exceedingly difficult branch of the profession. 
Dr. Clarke has had a busy career, rewarded with distin- 
guished place in his calling and the esteem of his col- 
leagues. He is one of the best known alienists and psy- 
chiatrists of the country, and is also prominent in orni- 
thological circles, ha-ving found in this study and music 
his most enjoyable recreation from exacting and wearing 
professional duties. 

Dr. Clarke was born in Flora, Wellington county, 
Ontario, February 16, 1857, son of Hon. Lieutenant- 
Colonel Charles and Emma (Kent) Clarke, his father 
having been speaker of the Legislature. Dr. Clarke 
attended the Elora Grammar School, and after com- 
pleting preparation for advanced study entered the 
University of Toronto, being graduated M.B. in 1878, 
and M.D. in 1879. From 1874 to 1878 he was clinical 
assistant in the Toronto Hospital for the Insane, thus 
early in his career beginning the alienistic work in which 
he has become noted. From 1878 to 1880 he was assistant 
physician at the same institution, and for the following 
year served as assistant superintendent of the Hamilton 
Hospital for the Insane. In 1881 he became assistant 
superintendent of the Rockwood Hospital for the 
Insane at Kingston, and until 1885 held this post, then 
becoming superintendent and continuing at the head of 
the Rockwood Hospital until 1905. 

Upon leaving the Rockwood Hospital, Dr. Clarke was 
presented with a cabinet of silver by the staff with which 
he had been so long associated. Dr. Clarke was trans- 
ferred from the Rockwood Hospital to the Toronto 
Hospital for Insane in 1905, in order that he might be 
closer to the seat of the government to confer with 
officials in regard to the Provincial institutions. In 
1908 he was sent to Europe to investigate psychopathic 
hospitals and report. His report made was elaborate, 
and resulted in a scheme to establish such a hospital 
in Toronto. An initial grant of $100,000 was made, and 
W. J. Hanna was intensely anxious to carry this plan 
forward. Unfortunately, events transpired, and in- 
fluences were set in motion that prevented the consum- 
mation. During his residence at Kingston he was also 
professor of mental diseases in Queen's University, which, 
in 1906, conferred upon him the honorary degree of 
Doctor of Laws. Through his instrumentality the 
first training school for mental nurses in connection 
with Rockwood Hospital for the Insane was founded 
in 1887 and a convalescent home and a nurses home 
were established in 1903. This training school for 
mental nurses was one of a group of the first seven in- 
augurated in America. In 1894 he also built, largely by 
patients' labor, the first psychopathic hospital in Cana- 
da, which was also among the first in America. These 
were among the many forward strides taken in the in- 
stitution under his leadership. Dr. Clarke organized 
the new Toronto General Hospital and was medical 
superintendent from 1911 to 1917, and for the following 
year served as medical director. In 1918 he was appointed 
medical director of the Canadian National Committee 



160 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



for Mental Hygiene, and this work has occupied him to 
the present. Psychiatry, mental hygiene, and psychology 
have been his life-long specialties, and in addition to 
lecture tours throughout Canada he has been active in 
educational work as dean of the medical faculty of the 
University of Toronto for twelve years, professor of 
psychiatry of the University of Toronto, and director 
of the Psychological Department of the same university. 
He is the author of numerous monographs on psychiatric 
subjects, and in 1914 published "A History of the Toron- 
to General Hospital." Dr. Clarke studied mental diseases 
and their treatment under several of the most famous 
authorities and teachers of the country, including the 
eminent Dr. Joseph Workman. Dr. Clarke is a co- 
editor of the "American Journal of Psychiatry," pub- 
lished at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Mary- 
land. 

During the World War Dr. Clarke aided in the organ- 
ization of No. 4 Unit from the Toronto General Hospital, 
and in 1918 became consultant in psychiatry for Mili- 
tary District No. 2. He was one of the pioneers in de- 
veloping occupational therapy in the treatment of 
insanity, and inaugurated many original methods along 
these lines which were adopted in American hospitals. 
With Dr. W. G. Metcalf, of Kingston, and Dr. R. M. 
Bucke, of London, Ontario, he established nonrestraint 
as an accepted method in the treatment of the insane. 
This was in 1882, and Dr. Clarke also established homes 
for the treatment of the tubercular insane at Rockwood. 
In 1901 Dr. Clarke was appointed a royal commissioner 
to investigate the condition of the insane in British 
Columbia, and in 1907 was made a royal commissioner 
to report on methods of treatment of the insane in 
Europe. He is a member of the Academy of Medicine 
of Toronto and the American Psychiatric Association, 
and in 1907-8 was vice-president of the Canadian 
Hospital Association. 

Dr. Clarke has long been a deep student of bird 
life and is the author of a number of books on ornitholog- 
ical subjects. He is likewise well known in musical circles, 
the violin the instrument upon which he personally per- 
forms. For many years 'he was president of the Canadian 
Society for the Protection of Birds. One of his contem- 
poraries. Professor Adam Shortt, has spoken of Dr. 
Clarke as follows: "A many-sided man, who vigorously 
pursues various lines of science and culture. In his 
special sphere he is a widely recognized authority on 
mental diseases, and his works on insanity are accepted 
as standards." Dr. Clarke rounded out a long career 
in psychiatry, when in 1922 he was appointed by the 
Medico-Psychological Society of Great Britain to give 
the Maudsley lecture in England in 1923. This great 
honor is thoroughly appreciated by the Medical pro- 
fession in Canada. 

Dr. Clarke married (first) October 20, 1881, Margaret 
de Veber Andrews, who died in 1902, daughter of Mar- 
shall J. Clarke Andrews, of St. Andrews, New Brunswick. 
He married (second) in August, 1904, Theresa Gallagher, 
of Kingston. Children, all of his first marriage: 1. 
Charles, served in the Canadian army during the World 
War with the rank of sergeant-major, now associated 
with the Canada Life Assurance Company. 2. Emma 
de v., a trained nurse, spent five years in military service 
overseas, now connected with the public health service. 
3. Marjorie, married. 4. Dr. Harold, a medical practition- 
er of Bridgeport, Connecticut. 5. Herbert, an engineer. 
6. Dr. Eric K., who served during the World War for 
four years, with the rank of captain. 

ELIAS TALBOT MALONE, K.C.— One of the lead- 
ing barristers of Ontario, Canada, Elias Talbot Malone, 
K.C., is head of the widely known firm of Malone, 



Malone & Montgomery, with offices in the Tor 
General Trusts building, at No. 85 Bay street. Tore 
Mr. Malone is a son of John Talbot and Dora (Wra 
Malone, of King's county, Ireland, who came to Tor 
in 1863, and settled at Ingersoll, Oxford county, Ont 
shortly afterwards, there spending the remainder of 
lives. 

Mr. Malone was born in King's county, Ireland, 
ruary 11, 1854. Seven years of age when he came 
his father's family to Canada, his education was b 
in a private school in Toronto, continued at the Ing« 
Grammar School, then began the study of law in Inge 
in 1869, later attending Osgoode Hall Law Schoi 
Toronto, and completing his preparations for his 
fessional career in the office of the late Sir James Ei 
Speaker of the House of Commons, whose partne 
became. Mr. Malone was sworn in as attorney and s 
tor in 1876, when he joined the law firm of Edgar, Pit 
& Malone, of which he is the sole surviving member 
has associated with him as members of the firm 1 
Malone, W. S. Montgomery, A. Mearns, and G 
Malone, and the firm are solicitors for the Toronto Gi 
al Trusts Corporation, the Central Canada Loan 
Savings Company, the Imperial Life Assurance Com; 
of Canada, the Provident Investment Company, 
other leading financial institutions. 

Mr. Malone was called to the Ontario bar in : 
and was created King's Counsel in 1899. His practic 
been largely along the line of corporation work, an( 
brought him in touch with many important bus 
and industrial concerns. He assisted in the organiz; 
of the Toronto General Trusts Corporation in 1882, 
has since been general solicitor and counsel of the 
poration. He has been retained in many notable ^ 
in connection with wills, trusts and the administr: 
of estates and insurance cases. He is vice-president c 
Imperial Life Assurance Company, and has bee: 
general solicitor since its inception in the year J 
In connection with his other activities Mr. Mi 
is a director of the Toronto General Trusts Corpora 
of the Imperial Life Assurance Company of Canada 
Central Canada Loan and Savings Company, 
Toronto Savings and Loan Company, the Globe F 
ing Company, the Toronto Type Foundry Com] 
Ltd., and Hyslop Brothers, Ltd. 

In various civic and national interests Mr. Mi 
is widely active, and politically endorses the Li 
party. He was president of the Toronto Reform Ass 
tion in 1892, then served as treasurer in 1908. H{ 
one of the leading Liberals who assisted in the form; 
of the Union Government for the purposes of the 
For six years he served as trustee of the Toronto 
legiate Institute Board, and for two years he was i 
dent of the Irish Protestant Benevolent Societ 
Toronto. In the years 1877, 1878, 1879, Mr. M; 
was a member of the Law Company of the "Qu 
Own Rifles." 

Fraternally, Mr. Malone is very prominent ir 
Masonic order, of which he has been a member for f 
five years, having joined Zetland Lodge, No. 326, 
and Accepted Masons, G. R. C, in March of 1877 
was elected worshipful master of his lodge in Nover 
1879, and from that date until the present time has 
tinuously held office in the lodge, having filled the 
of treasurer for more than twenty-five years. 
Malone has filled various offices in the Grand Lod 
Canada, and was grand master in the years 1899, 
and 1901, and grand treasurer from 1902 until the pr 
time. He was grand master of the Great Prio 
Canada, Knights Templar, in 1894 and 1895, anc 
elected honorary grand first principal of the Grand ( 
ter of Canada, Royal Arch Masons. He is an l 






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was born in King's county, Ireli' 
Seven years of age ' ' 
ily to Canada, his 
>' in Toronto, conli;..^, . ... ^,, 
■n began the study of law i' 
'line O^eoo'h- IInH "Lav 



-urance case?. lie is ,';etr prtf; 
assurance Company, and ha 



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(im.'Ci Ul Liltr Ljfl W. V^DIUJ). 



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•met :r',;in Uial Uatc- 
irily held office in th 
■— -r for mo-' ■ 
tilled vy. 




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£.T.^^ ^ /■:i./<iif ^ Conn 



i 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



161 



iber and treasurer-general of the Supreme Council 
lanada, Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite; is grand 
jr warden of the Grand Lodge of Ireland, of which 
id Lodge he is the representative at the Grand Lodge 
ianada; is grand representative of Great Priory of 
ind at the Great Priory of Canada; is representative 
le Supreme Council of the Ancient Accepted Scottish 

of Ireland, at the Supreme Council of Canada; 
is representative at the Grand Chapter of Canada 
le Grand Chapter of Texas. Mr. Malone is a member 
le Toronto and National clubs, of the Rosedale and 
bton Golf clubs, and of the Queen City Curling 
). He is one of the few surviving members of the 
Toronto Lacrosse Club, in which he was a leading 
e from the year 1877 throughout the existence of 
)rganization. He is a member of St. Paul's Anglican 
:ch, on Bloor street. East. 

r. Malone was married to Amy Morphy, of Toronto, 
hter of E. M. Morphy, Esq., who came to Toronto 

Ireland in 1820, and was a prominent officer in the 
; Pioneers, and who married Eliza Townsley, a 
I'e of Toronto. To Mr. and Mrs. Malone four 
ren were born: 1. Charles Edward, who died in 
!. 2. Frank Talbot, who was born in 1887, educated 
le Model School, Woodstock College, Upper Canada 
Ige, and the University of Toronto, is agent and 
cal representative in Ontario of the Century Coal 
ipany; married Mildred Ball, daughter of R. N. 
1 County Crown Attorney, of Oxford county, On- 
i 3. Gerald Morphy, M.C., born in 1891, educated 
ts Model School, Woodstock College, the University 
'jronto and Osgoode Hall Law School, was called 
ie bar in 1915 and has been a member of his father's 
I rm since 1915. He served as lieutenant in the 15th 
Ulion, 48th Highlanders, Canadian Expeditionary 
ns, went overseas in July, 1916, and was awarded 
jvlilitary Cross for services at Arras. 4. Maurice 
nrd, born in 1895, educated in Huron Street Public 
1)1, St. Andrew's College, and the University of 
nto; served as lieutenant in the 15th Battalion, 
t Highlanders, joined the 58th Battalion, Canadian 
{iitionary Forces, in May, 1915, going overseas 
..iy of the same year, was attached to the 15th 
t.lion, 48th Highlanders, and was killed at Zillebeke, 
a 3, 1916, while leading his command against the 



rOMAS ALBERT BROWN— The house of The 
on Brothers, Ltd., book-binders and stationers, 
aiusiness interest of Toronto that can only be ac- 
rjsly designated as a city institution. Thomas Albert 
• . of the fourth generation of the family to engage 

le of business. Is the present head of the house, 
- , dating in Canada to 1846, had its true source 
E£;land in the latter part of the eighteenth century, 
t it time Thomas Brown, a worthy apprentice, having 
neted his service with William Charnley, the famous 
f>Uel!er of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England, was 

'a member of the Stationers' Company, and 

od in business for himself. So thoroughly did he 
I'liand his trade and so upright and enterprising 
13 e in its practice, that Robert Robinson, the well 
on author of "The Life and Times of Thomas 
^wk," calls him "The Father of Trade in the North 
K;land." A memorial of Thomas Brown, carefully 

1 by his family, is an indenture setting forth 
Lesion as a free burgess of the town of Newcastle, 
K concludes as follows: "Thomas Brown, appren- 
ecto William Charnley, stationer, was this 22nd 
y ■ August, in the year of our Lord God, 1774, ad- 
tt. a free burgess of this Corporation and stands 
<ir:d with a musket for the defence thereof." 



In 1822 this Thomas Brown was succeeded by a son 
of the same name, Thomas (2) Brown, who inherited his 
father's understanding of books in the manner in which 
they should be handled. Mr. Robinson, in the work be- 
fore cited, refers to him thus: "Thomas Brown, book- 
binder, removed from Nun's Gate to the Royal Arcade 
soon after it was built, where he commenced business 
as a bookseller in connection with binding." This Thomas 
Brown decided to try his fortunes in the New World, 
and in 1846, taking with him his seven sons and two 
daughters, crossed the Atlantic. He landed at New 
York, and at once made his way via Albany and the Erie 
Canal to Lewiston, and thence by steamer to Toronto. 
The Queen City was then but a promising town, with 
scarcely a score of thousands of residents, but Mr. 
Brown had strong confidence in its future, and, pur- 
chasing the book and stationery business of Mr. Payne 
on King street, laid the foundation of the present busi- 
ness. 

From 1856 to 1 900 The Brown Brothers, Ltd., occupied 
at first premises on King street. East, where the King 
Edward Hotel now stands, shortly afterward moving 
to larger quarters on the north side of King street. At 
first one storey sufficed, then another had to be added. 
A large factory was the next requirement, and in steady 
stages the business grew until, in 1900, a splendid five- 
story structure was erected on Wellington street, West, 
one of the largest establishments of its kind in the 
country. 

Richard Brown, son of Thomas (2) Brown, was born 
in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, May 13, 1834, and died in 
Toronto in 1920. He served his apprenticeship as a 
printer and binder with Thomas Maclear, of Toronto, 
and in 1856 joined two of his brothers, Thomas and 
John, in business. Their firm. The Brown Brothers, Limit- 
ed, transacted the largest business in stationery, account 
book manufacturing and book-binding in the Dominion, 
Richard Brown surviving both his brothers, Thomas 
having died in 1867 and John in 1882. Richard Brown 
was a Methodist, prominent in church affairs, and a 
member of the committee on church union. He was a 
Liberal in political conviction. He married, in March, 
1861, Elizabeth Robinson, daughter of Dr. Slade Robin- 
son. 

Thomas Albert Brown, son of Richard and Elizabeth 
(Robinson) Brown, was born in Toronto, December 24, 
1867, and there attended public schools and Jarvis 
Street Collegiate Institute. As a young man of eighteen 
years he entered the family business, and in April, 1895, 
was elected vice-president of the company. In 1920, 
upon the death of his father, he succeeded to the presi- 
dency, and is now chief executive of the company. The 
Brown Brothers, Limited, now occupy the large building 
at the corner of Simcoe, Pearl and Adelaide streets, 
where the various lines of manufacture upon which 
the firm's reputation was built in past years are con- 
tinued. The high standard of their work has caused 
them to receive awards of diplomas, medals and other 
honors at numerous exhibitions. A treasured possession 
of the firm is the book with which Thomas (2) Brown won 
the first prize at the first exhibition ever held in Toronto 
(1846), and from that date to this the firm has never 
failed to take the prize at the annual exhibition. They 
won a medal at the exhibition held in Montreal in connec- 
tion with the opening of the Victoria Bridge in 1860, 
won high honors at the Philadelphia Centennial, re- 
ceived three diplomas at the Paris (France) exhibitions, 
gained a medal and diploma at the Indian and Colonial 
exhibition in London in 1886, and had the same success 
at the World's Fair in 1893. Throughout its whole 
career the house of The Brown Brothers, Limited, has been 
noted for the harmonious relations existing between 



162 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



the employer and employees. "Good wages for good 
work" has been the motto of the establishment, and 
many an employee has grown gray in its service, working 
constantly year after year. Such an organization has the 
salutary influence upon the whole business life of a city, 
and Brown Brothers has exercised an influence in Toron- 
to that cannot be computed solely in commercial terms. 

Thomas Albert Brown is a member of the Canadian 
Manufacturers' Association and the Board of Trade. He 
is also a member of the National Club, Lambton Golf 
Club, Summit Golf Club, Victoria Club and Queen 
City Curling Club. He and his wife are members of the 
Sherboume Street Methodist Church and active in 
dvic and philanthropic work in the city. Mr. Brown 
took a leading part in war work during the World War, 
and was chairman of the Young Men's Christian Assoc- 
iation camp work for Ontario. 

Mr. Brown married, in Toronto, March 10, 1892, 
Jennie Bickell, daughter of J. B. Bickell. Throughout 
the war period Mrs. Brown was tireless in the various 
women's organizations, and gave herself unsparingly 
to the conwnon cause. Their children are as follows: 
Helen, Jean, John Leslie, and Captain Richard A., of 
whom further. 

Captain Richard A. Brown was born in Toronto, 
October 21, 1896, and attended St. Andrew's College, 
there preparing for Toronto University, where he was a 
first-year student at the outbreak of the World War. 
He attended Officers' Training School at Toronto Uni- 
versity, and in 1915 was commissioned as lieutenant 
in the Forth-eighth Highlanders, being ordered on over- 
seas duty in July of the same year. He was attached 
to the Fifteenth Battalion in France, was promoted to 
captain in November, 1916, won the military cross at 
Vimy on April 8, 1917, and was killed in action at 
Passchendale, November 14, 1917. He was a gallant 
and courageous officer and made his sacrifice in a spirit 
of pure and highminded devotion. 

GEORGE ALEXANDER HOWELL— In a wide 
field of activity, in which he has come into touch with 
many and varied lines of endeavor, Mr. Howell has la- 
bored effectively and productively, his accomplishments 
resulting in his place of prominence among Canadian 
men of affairs. In several organizations bearing his name 
and other titles, he has been a dominating influence, 
guiding these companies in prosperous growth and 
development. His war record is as notable as his business 
achievements, and he has set a high standard in the ob- 
servance of civic and patriotic responsibilities. 

Mr. Howell was bom in Liverpool, Nova Scotia, May 
24, 1861, son of Rev. James and Margaret (Dougall) 
Howell, and attended the public schools of Granby, 
Province of Quebec, and of Coldsprings, Ontario. Upon 
the completion of his education he was employed in var- 
ious capacities, and in 1903 became managing director 
of Grip Publishing Company, Ltd., of Toronto. In 1906 
he resigned this position to accept that of managing 
director of Grip, Limited, of which he subsequently 
became secretary and treasurer and a member of its 
board of directors. The latter connections he retained 
for several years after withdrawing from the managing 
directorship. In 1906 he had also acquired a half-interest 
in the Standard Paper Company, and from that time his 
official connections with important business organizations 
have steadily increased in number and importance. He 
is now president and manager of the Howell Warehouse 
Company, Ltd., president of the Howell Trading Com- 
pany, Ltd., and president of the Howell Forwarding 
Company, Ltd. The names of these organizations suggest 
interesting branches of work, and in their operation Mr. 
Howell has gained a broad experience and an acquain- 



tance which reaches to all parts of the Dominion. H( 
been president of the International Associatioi 
Photo Engravers, to which office he was electa 
Detroit, Michigan, in 1906; and is a past president o 
Central Canada Warehouse Men's Association; and 
been vice-chairman and treasurer of the Central On 
College of Art; and a member of the council of 
Toronto Art Gallery. He has long been a member o 
Toronto Board of Trade; is honorary president oi 
Young Men's Club, of the Toronto Board of Ti 
and a member of the board of directors of the Tor 
branch of the Canadian R^d Cross Association. Di 
the World War and for the period immediately follow 
his service as vice-chairman of the Voluntary 
Association was especially valuable. This associi 
was formed to assist returned soldiers, and play 
potent part in all of the movements for the proseci 
of the war as well as providing for returned veterai 

Mr. Howell's political beliefs are .Liberal, and 1 
a warm advocate of Free Trade. He has always 
interested in sports, and has been vice-commodore o 
American Canoe Association (1900), and commodo 
the Toronto Canoe Club. He has many social cor 
tions; was president of the Canadian Club in ] 
and is a member of the National Club, also of the Re 
Club. He also is a chairman of the Budget Comm 
of the Federation for Community Service. 

Mr. Howell married, June 12, 1900, Lucy Kno 
New York City, daughter of the late William and R( 
ca (EUiott) Knox. Mr. Knox was a manufacture 
New York City. Mr. and Mrs. Howell are the pai 
of one daughter, Margaret Knox Howell, who is ir 
third year at the University of Toronto, taking an 
course. 

The family residence is at No. 7 Wychwood avei 

JAMES PEARSON— For many years broadly a( 
in the law and prominent in military affairs, Ji 
Pearson has also long been identified with the wor 
industry, and now looks back upon a long and u 
life, while still able to keep in touch with the e\ 
of the day. 

Mr. Pearson was born in the township of Hun 
Carleton county, Ontario, and is a son of John 
Maria (Wheeler) Pearson, farming people of 
section, his paternal ancestry being Scotch, his mate 
English. Both parents are long since deceased. 

Born July 3, 1845, Mr. Pearson's childhood was s 
on the farm, and his early education was received a 
grammar schools of Ottawa, Ontario, and thr 
private tuition. From 1865 to 1869 he taught scho 
Carleton county, then entered a law office in Ot 
and began his preparation for his present profes 
Coming to Toronto in December, 1871, he spent 
winter in military school, his training here being bu 
beginning of an honorable military record, of \v 
further mention is made below. In 1872 he enterec 
law offices of Leys & McMurrich, two years latei 
coming solicitor, then was called to the bar in .' 
Meanwhile, in 1875, Mr. Pearson became conw 
. with Mr. Leys as a partner, under the firm name of 
& Pearson, which was later changed, by the receptii 
another partner, to Leys, Pearson & Kingsford. 
the retirement of Mr. Leys in 1883, the partnershi 
came Pearson & Cavell, continuing thus for a nu 
of years. The next change made the firm name Pea 
McDonald & Cronyn, Mr. Pearson later withdra' 
and later J. Herbert Denton, now Judge Denton. 
Mr. Pearson formed the firm of Pearson & De 
which continued until Mr. Denton's appointmei 
the bench in 1911. Since that time Mr. Pearsoi 
practiced alone, although, in the past few years b 





Erut ti.- EG i*'il!icini i Br:' f^' 



y 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



163 



not been active in the profession, while still connected 
with the bar. He is a member of the Canadian Bar 
Association, of the Ontario Bar Association, and of the 
York County Law Association. 

The military record of Mr. Pearson began with his 
graduation with the first and second military certificates, 
by virtue of which he held the office of lieutenant of the 
Ottawa Rifles. In 1872-3-4 he served as adjutant of the 
56th Battalion, then, in 1875, was transferred as lieu- 
:enant from the Ottawa Rifles to the "Queen's Own 
Rifles" (Second Regiment), and shortly afterwards 
was promoted to captain of C Company. He held this 
)ffice until 1879, and at the time of his resignation 
vas second senior captain of the regiment. He is an 
«pert rifle shot, and has participated in many rifle 
Hatches. 

Always a supporter of the Liberal party and its policies, 
Vlr. Pearson advocates a tariff for the benefit of the peo- 
)le at large. He was brought forward as a Liberal candi- 
iate for East Toronto in 1911, advocating reciprocity 
n natural products, but was unsuccessful. He later 
)ecame identified with the United Farmers of Ontario, 
:nd was very active in promoting the progress of this 
■rganization. For many years Mr. Pearson has been 
ctively connected with the Constructing and Paving 
'ompany, of Toronto, becoming a member of this con- 
em in 1899, and is now the president and treasurer. 
Jearly one-half of the asphalt paving done in the city of 
Toronto since that time has been handled by this com- 
iany, and they do a very large and prosperous business 
hroughout the Province of Ontario. Mr. Pearson is one 
f the foremost authorities on roadbuilding in Canada. 
I During his younger days Mr. Pearson was well known 
1 athletic circles. In 1872 he joined the Toronto La- 
rosse Club, and for a number of years held various 
hampionships. He was noted from 1873 to 1880 as a 
printer, runner, jumper and curler. In 1884 he was 
citve in the organization of the Amateur Athletic 
ssociation of Canada, the purpose of the association 
eing to hold championship meets, the first of which took 
lace in 1885. Mr. Pearson was elected vice-president 
i the original association, and was later elected and 
jveral times reelected president. He has always been 
idely known as an advocate of physical culture, and 
as one of the leaders in the organization of the Sports- 
en's Patriotic Association, which has always received 
s active support. 

Since 1881 Mr. Pearson has been a member of the 

ational Club, of Toronto, and has long been a member 
the Empire Club. He is a member of the Caledon 

ountain Trout Club, and is a life-member of the 
rgonaut Rowing Club, having long been prominent 

this sport. He finds his chief recreative interest, how- 
i'er, in the rnagnificent farm of more than eight hun- 
ted acres which he owns in Peel county, and which is 

needed to be the largest and best-equipped farm in the 
;unty. He has owned this farm for twenty years, and 
';.8 developed a very fine herd of thoroughbred Short- 
Irns, the blood being of Scotch origin, and some prize- 
'nning thoroughbred horses. He lives on the place 
<:ring the summer months, and takes a personal interest 
i the operation of the farm. Many charitable organiza- 
Ims know him as a firm and generous friend, and no 
(od cause fails of his support. His city home is in the 
■"aimer Apartments, and he is a member of St. Andrew's 
lesbyterian Church. 

Mr. Pearson married (first) in 1884, Minnie Holcomb, 
»1 there is one daughter of this marriage, Mrs. F. B. 
I«ve, of Toronto; he married (second) in 1900, May 
liompson, of Toronto, and they have one daughter, 
Jne Adele. 



ARTHUR D. MILES— In the mining development 
of Canada, Arthur D. Miles is widely known, his activi- 
ties and interests extending into many fields and his 
executive responsibilities having been numerous and 
important. Now a naturalized Canadian, he was born 
in Allenwood, Pennsylvania, July 28, 1874, son of Joseph 
and Martha (Borland) Miles, his parents, both of whom 
survive, for many years residents of Milton, Pennsyl- 
vania. 

Mr. Miles attended the public schools of his birth- 
place and prepared for college at Dwight's School in 
New York City, and after attending the University of 
New York, entered Yale University, where he received 
the degree of Bachelor of Philosophy. For two years 
after his graduation he was an instructor at Yale in 
chemistry, geology and mineralogy, and during this 
same period took the course in mining engineering at that 
university. In 1905 he went to Cripple Creek, Colorado, 
remaining there throughout the winter of 1906, and then 
proceeded to Hedley, British Columbia, as mining en- 
gineer in the interests of the Marcus Daly estate, of 
Butte, Montana. After sixteen months in British Colum- 
bia, he returned to Butte in the same connection, re- 
maining in Montana for some time. 

In 1908 Mr. Miles came to Copper Cliff, Ontario, here 
being identified with the mines of the International 
Nickel Company, and in 1913 he became president of the 
Canadian Copper Company, filling that office until the 
absorption of the company by the International Nickel 
Company, of which corporation he was elected presi- 
dent. He was an executive officer of the International 
Nickel Company, the largest producers of nickel in the 
world, until his resignation February 1, 1922, and he 
still retains his place upon its directorate. Mr. Miles 
was president of the Huronian Company, Ltd., and 
of the Upper Spanish Improvement Company, 
Ltd., until his resignation from both offices, and he was 
also president of the Ontario Mining Association from the 
time of its organization in 1919 until July 1, 1921. He 
is a director of the Algomah Eastern Railway Company, 
and in technical circles is known as one of the foremost 
mining men of Canada, thoroughly informed profession- 
ally, and an executive of strong powers. 

In other interests Mr. Miles is broadly active. He is 
a member of the Toronto, York and Toronto Hunt 
clubs of Toronto, and the Bankers' and Yale clubs of 
New York City, and is a fellow of the National Geogra- 
phical Society of the United States. His chief relaxations 
are travel and golf. 

Mr. Miles married, on August 20, 1919, (Mrs.) 
Elsie (Armour) Duncan, a daughter of the late Chief 
Justice John Douglas Armour, of Ontario. Mr. and Mrs. 
Miles reside at No. 14 Willcocks street. 



CHARLES BROTCHIE NASMITH— Since 1900 

Mr. Nasmith has been active in legal work in Toronto, 
Canada, associated with three professional firms, 
Beaty, Hamilton & Snow; Beaty, Snow & Nasmith; 
and Nasmith & Fennell, his present connection. He is a 
member of an ancient Scotch family whose history in 
Canada dates from 1844, when his grandfather, John 
Nasmith, settled in the Dominion of Canada, this 
John Nasmith the founder of Nasmiths, Limited, of Tor- 
onto. Mr. Nasmith's great-grandfather was architect to 
the city corporation of Glasgow, Scotland, andthe design- 
er of many fine buildings. He is a cousinof Captain Martin 
E. Nasmith, V.C., C.B., commander of the "Submarine 
E-11" of Dardanelles fame and now captain of the 
"Iron Duke," present flagship of the Mediterranean fleet 
of the Royal British navy. 

John Nasmith, the pioneer, was the father of Mungo 
Nasmith, born in Scotland, who in childhood was. 



164 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



brought by his parents to Canada. During his active 
years he was in business as a baker, later as a contracting 
builder. He married Jane Morrow, born in Bath, Eng- 
land, and they were the parents of Charles B. Nasmith, of 
this review. 

Charles B. Nasmith was born in Toronto, Ontario, 
March 28, 1876. His early education was received in 
the public schools, after which he attended Jarvis Street 
Collegiate Institute, and Osgoode Hall, graduating 
from the last-named institution in 1900, and at once 
was admitted to the bar. He began practice in Toronto 
as a member of the law firm of Beaty, Hamilton & Snow, 
that firm being later succeeded by Beaty, Snow & Na- 
smith. In 1920 Mr. Nasmith withdrew and formed 
an association with Robert Fennell (q.v.), they practic- 
ing as Nasmith & Fennell, with offices in the Guarantee 
& Accident building on the north east corner of Bay 
and Temperance streets. The firm serves an extensive 
clientele, their special line of practice being in the law 
of corporations. 

Mr. Nasmith is a member of the Canadian Bar 
Association; the Ontario Bar Association; and the York 
County Law Association. He is a member of the Ma- 
sonic order, affiliated with Zetland Lodge. His club 
memberships include the Albany Club, Toronto Canoe 
Club, Canadian Club, and the Scarboro Golf Club. 
Politically, he is a Conservative, and his religious con- 
nection is with the Baptist church. 

Mr. Nasmith married, in August, 1900, Helen Ferris, 
of Edmonton. The family home is at No. 5 Lamport 
avenue, Toronto. 

ALEXANDER JAMES REID— Through his con- 
nection with various industrial and mercantile enter- 
prises in Toronto, Canada, Alexander J. Reid is holding 
a leading position in the business world of this city. Mr. 
Reid is a son of Andrew and Eliza (Beswick) Reid, early 
settlers of Uxbridge, Ontario. The father, who was a 
native of Scotland, was engaged throughout his lifetime 
in farming; the mother came from England. 

Alexander J. Reid was born in Uxbridge, Ontario, 
July 26, 1883, and received a practical education in the 
public schools of his native place. Coming to Toronto 
in 1902 as a young man of nineteen years, he became iden- 
tified with the Elias Rogers Company, Ltd., with which 
concern he holds the office of secretary and 
treasurer. He is active in the management of the busi- 
ness, having served in his present office since 1917. Mr. 
Reid is also connected with several other concerns, some 
of which are affiliated with the above. He is secretary 
and treasurer of the Rogers Supply Company, Ltd., also 
of the Universal Coal Company, Ltd., and of St. Mary's 
Cement Company, Ltd., and is a director of Alfred 
Rogers, Limited. He is a member of the Board of Trade. 

Mr. Reid married, in Toronto, in 1905, Margaret 
Liddell, of this city, and they have one son and one 
daughter: Irene, and Andrew. The family reside at No. 
11 Oriole Parkway, and attend the Presbyterian church. 

ROBERT HOWIE, M.A., B.D.— For many years 
active in the ministry, both as a settled pastor and in 
missionary work, and serving during the World War as 
chaplain, Robert Howie has, since the close of hostilities, 
been identified with the automobile business in Toronto. 

Mr. Howie is a son of Rev. Robert Howie, M.A., 
D.D., deceased, who was born in Scotland, and was 
formerly a prominent figure in the United Free Church 
of Scotland. He was a minister of this church in Glasgow, 
and was moderator for the church throughout Scotland, 
as such, representing the church at the coronation of 
His Majesty, George V. For twenty years Dr. Howie was 
convener of the Home Missions Committee, and also 



of the committee on statistics of the United F 
Church of Scotland. This branch of the Howie family i 
descendants of the Howies of Lochgoin. Rev. Rob 
Howie, married Catherine Coulson Davy, great-grai 
daughter of Sir Humphrey Davy, who is still recogni: 
as "one of the greatest chemists of his own or any ag 
whose "Elements of Agricultural Chemistry," publist 
in 1813, began a new era in agriculture, and whose 
vention, the Davy safety lamp, is still in use in ma 
coal mines, despite the fact that electrical devices hs 
largely displaced the flame in the lighting of mines. 

Robert Howie, son of Robert and Catherine Couls 
(Davy) Howie, was born in Glasgow, Scotland, Dece 
ber 23, 1876, and his education was begun in the gramn 
schools of his native city. He received his degree 
Master of Arts from Glasgow University, and his deg: 
of Bachelor of Divinity from the United Free Chui 
College, where he studied theology. During these varic 
courses Mr. Howie was associated with youths who n 
to leading positions in life. Colonel John Buchan, autl 
of "Nelson's History of the War," was his classmate 
grammar school, and R. S. Home, now chancellor 
the exchequer, was his classmate at the University 
Glasgow. Mr. Howie's own student days presaged 
future. He took first prize in history, and also prizes 
English literature, logic and moral philosophy, at Gl 
gow University, and took the highest honors in 
entrance and graduation examinations at the Unit 
Free Church College, receiving a fellowship upon t 
completion of his studies. He won a scholarship to be 
these institutions. Upon completing the course he 1 
came assistant, for one year, to Dr. Henderson, 
Crieff, now principal of Glasgow United Free Chui 
College. Thereafter, taking up church extension wo 
Mr. Howie was for nine years in charge of that wc 
at Cambuslang, a suburb of Glasgow, for the Unit 
Free Church. In 1911 Mr. Howie came to Canada, 
take up home missionary work at Weston, near Win 
peg, for the Presbyterian church of Canada, and a 
acted as pastor of the Calvin Presbyterian Church the 
working among the employees of the Canadian Paci 
railway shops in that community. 

At the outbreak of the World War, Mr. Howie we 
to England as chaplain, where he was stationed at t 
Convalescent Hospital, at Monks Horton, near Folki 
tone. Later he was sent to France with the Seco 
Canadian Casualty Clearing Station, still later bei 
transferred to the First Canadian Railway Troo] 
with which regiment he returned to England and vi 
assigned to Camp Witley. In May, 1920, Mr. Hov 
was returned to Canada on the "Scandinavia," servi 
as chaplain on the trip over, and was sent to the Be 
Hospital at Toronto, receiving his honorable dischai 
from the service within the month. 

While at the hospital Mr. Howie was approached i 
Mr. D. S. Secord, to the end that upon the demobilis 
tion in August, 1920, Mr. Howie entered into partn( 
ship with him in the establishment of a Ford motor sa 
station. Locating at No. 2807 Dundas street, Wei 
they made a beginning under the name of Secord 
Howie, then some months later, Mr. Howie bought o 
his partner, and in July, 1921, a limited company w 
formed. Under the firm name of R. Howie, Limited, hoi 
ing the office of president and general manager, Mr. How 
gave his employees an opportunity to acquire an inten 
in the business, and the concern is going forward a 
prospering in a marked degree. Twenty-five people t 
employed, and the business consists of Ford sales a 
service. They occupy about 7,500 square feet of flc 
space, and will soon find expansion imperative. 

In every branch of public advance Mr. Howie takei 
deep interest, particularly in educational matters a 



1 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



165 



community work, and he serves as a director of the West 
Toronto Community Association. He is a member of the 
Kiwanis Club, and is chairman of its classification 
committee. His chief recreations have always been swim- 
ming and gymnastics. He is a member of Victoria 
Presbyterian Church, and is a member of the building 
committee of the church and also of the board of mana- 
gers. In 1920 he taught the men's Bible class, and is 
broadly active in all the work of the church. 

Mr. Howie married Anne Margaret Condie, oi Pen- 
zance, England, and they are the parents of three children : 
Robert Morwood, Catherine Davy, and Howard Chen- 
balls. Mrs. Howie has always taken a deep interest in 
her husband's activities, and is frequently called upon 
for public speaking. She is president of the Women's 
Aid of Victoria Presbyterian Church, and is vice- 
president of the Home School Council of Toronto. She 
has long been a member of the Women's Christian 
■Temperance Union, and active in its work. Mrs. Howie 
followed her husband to England as he went to serve 
in the war, sailing with her children on the ill-fated 
"Laconia," which was torpedoed by the Germans off the 
coast of England. She and the children escaped in life- 
boats and were rescued, but the shock and exposure 
undermined her health to a considerable degree, and 
she has since been obliged to relinquish much of her work 
to conserve her health. 



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL THOMAS ALEXAND- 
ER DUFF — Professional, industrial, fraternal, and 
patriotic activities have been Mr. Duff's instruments 
of service to his time, and in the performance of duties 
of important proportions in all of these he has come into 
a position of prominence and responsibility. His work 
for the government during the period of the World War 
won him the rank of lieutenant-colonel, and in the more 
usual affairs of the day, as in that critical time, his part 
has been one of good citizenship and dependable leader- 
ship. 

Mr. Duff's father, Thomas Duff, was born in County 
Tyrone, Ireland, about 1842, coming to Canada in 1867 
and settling in London, Ontario. For fifty years he was 
ictively associated with the McCormick Manufacturing 
Company of that city, where he still (1923) resides, 
•etired. Before leaving Ireland he married Mary Jane 
Smith, whose death occurred May 23, 1916. 

Thomas Alexander Duff was born in London, Ontario, 
May 1, 1869, and received his elementary education in 
;he public schools of his native city, taking courses in 
etters and arts in the London Collegiate Institute and 
n private schools. For his legal training he was articled 
o the present Chief Justice R. M. Meredith, at London, 
Ontario, and on coming to Toronto, in 1888, to the late 
!'. W. Kingstone, K.C., and later to Sir Walter Cassels, 
C.C., then with Blake, Lash & Cassels, of Toronto, but 
low Chief Justice of the Exchequer Court of Canada, 
le continued in the last-named connection as a student 
intil called to the bar in 1893. Mr. Duff carries on his 
'wn practice, handling exclusively corporation work, 
ccepting no general practice, and his time is entirely 
ommanded by local corporations. 

In the industrial world Mr. Duff's interests have 

allowed many channels. He is director of the Canadian 

Jredging Company, Ltd., Midland, Ontario; director 

t the Midland Iron and Steel Company, Limited, Mid- 

, md, Ontario; director and secretary-treasurer of the 

, It. John Dry Dock and Shipbuilding Company, Ltd., 

. I. John, New Brunswick; is actively connected with 

be GreatLakes Transportation Company, Ltd., of Mid- 

. pd, Ontario ; is a director of the Seaman-Kent Company, 

' td., the largest manufacturers of hardwood flooring 

the Empire; and many other industrial and mer- 



cantile organizations in different parts of the Dom- 
inion. 

A Conservative in political convictions from his youth, 
Mr. Duff has long been an intimate worker m the 
interest of this party and has campaigned throughout 
all provinces of the Dominion, and it has been his unusual 
experience to visit every constituency, carrying the 
principles of the party into every city, town, and hamlet. 
This intimate familiarity with the Dominion at large, 
geographically, economically, politically, proved a valua- 
ble asset when the World War broke upon the Empire. 
A personal friend of the late General Sir Sam Hughes, 
Mr. Duff volunteered for any services he might render 
at the outbreak of hostilities and was assigned by 
General Hughes to secret and other work in the Un- 
ited States and Canada, being subsequently commis- 
sioned lieutenant-colonel. The value of his exact geog- 
raphical knowledge of the provinces is illustrated by 
the fact that it was through his report on available 
properties that the government purchased the site of 
Camp Borden. His work was almost entirely of a 
confidential nature, and the bulk of his time was given 
to the government gratuitously. He served throughout 
the regime of Sir Edward Kemp and still holds the 
rank of honorary lieutenant colonel. 

Mr. Duff's numerous fraternal afliliations include 
life membership and past mastership of Wilson Lodge, 
No. 86, Free and Accepted Masons, and he is a life 
member of King Solomon's Chapter, Royal Arch Mas- 
ons; Cyrene Preceptory, Knights Templars; and the An- 
cient Accepted Scottish Rite. He is a member of the 
Loyal Orange Lodge, and member of the executive 
committee of its insurance department; a life mem- 
ber of the Grand Orange Lodge of British-America, 
and one of the best known members of this associa- 
tion in the Dominion. He is also a member of the 
Royal Black Knights of Ireland. Mr. Duff is a mem- 
ber of the Royal Canadian Yacht Club, of the Gran- 
ite Club, and the Albany Club, of Toronto; of the Can- 
adian Club of New York City; of the Montauk Club of 
Brooklyn, New York; and of the Union Club of St. 
John, New Brunswick. His chief relaxation is in out-of- 
door sports, and he is a member of the Lake Shore 
Country Club, of Toronto; the Midland Golf 
and Country Club, Midland, Ontario; and the Toronto 
Motor Boat Club, and the Yachtsmen's Association of 
America. He has always been keenly interested 
in athletics, and in his younger days played both base- 
ball and football. He is a skilled trapshooter, having 
taken part in national competitions throughout this 
continent. An enthusiast in water sports, he owns and 
personally operates several fast racing motor boats, 
as well as the palatial cruiser, "Idylese," and his sum- 
mer home, "Bide-a-Wee," is at Honey Harbor, 
Georgian Bay. His town house is at No. 26 Edgar av- 
enue. North Rosedale, Toronto. 

Mr. Duff married, in London, Ontario, on December 
18, 1889, Laura Frances Thornhill, of that city, daughter 
of Thomas C. Thornhill. Mr. and Mrs. Duff are the 
parents of five children, of whom two survive: Percy 
James Alexander, of further mention; and Mary Ionic 
Laura, sixteen years of age, who resides at home. 

Major Percy James Alexander Duff was born in 
Toronto, November 16, 1890, and prepared for his 
career in the educational institutions of his native city. 
He enlisted for service in the great World War and was 
commissioned lieutenant, later being promoted to cap- 
tain and still later to major, his present rank. He 
served overseas with the 1st and 36th Battalions, was 
wounded in France at the battle of Zillebeke, and 
served throughout the entire period of the war and for 
many months thereafter; was discharged on December 



166 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



31, 1919, and placed on the reserve list of officers. He 
married, on November 3, 1920, Laura Eugene Emmett, 
of Toronto, daughter of Dr. George Emmett. 



MARCEL TURNER MORGAN— Gaining a broadly 
useful preparation for his career in the educational 
institutions of two countries, Mr. Morgan acquired his 
early experience in the world of finance, and is now a 
leading figure in the real estate brokerage business. 
Mr. Morgan is a son of William James and Harriet C. 
(Birch) Morgan. The father was a native of Toronto, 
and was actively engaged with the Grand Trunk rail- 
way in their executive departments until his death, 
which occurred in 1895. The mother, who was born in 
Chicago, Illinois, still survives her husband. 

Marcel Turner Morgan was born in Detroit, Michigan, 
May 28, 1885. Receiving his early education in the 

Eublic schools of Detroit and Toronto, as the father's 
usiness activities brought about changes of residence, 
he completed his studies at the Harbord Collegiate 
Institute, of Toronto. His first position was with the 
National Trust Company, of Toronto, where he began 
as a junior clerk, and remaining with the institution 
for eleven years, he was carrying large responsibilities 
in the real estate department when he severed his 
connections with the concern. He then entered the real 
estate field for himself, forming associations with Robert 
Home Smith and William Foley, under the name of 
Home Smith & Company, with offices at No. 16 King 
street. East, Toronto. The firm has been most successful, 
and Mr. Morgan is still bearing an active part in its 
advance. 

In the Great World War Mr. Morgan served ior 
nearly three years. He was commissioned captain of the 
48th Highlanders in 1916, and was with the 5th Cana- 
dian Division until it was disbanded in February of 
1918. At that time he was posted with the Canadian 
Machine Gun Corps, with which he served until August 
of the same year, when he was wounded in action. 
He was cared for in a hospital in England, where he 
remained until alter the signing of the armistice, and 
eventually received his honorable discharge in March 
of 1919, still holding the rank of captain. His social 
affiliations in Toronto, include membership in the 
National Club, the Royal Canadian Yacht Club, and the 
Lambton Golf and Country Club. He is a member of the 
Anglican church. 

Mr. Morgan married, in 1916, Edna N. Cosby, who 
was born in Toronto, and they have two children: 
Jane, and Marcel Cosby. 



MALCOLM D. KINSELLA, M.D., was bom at 

Glen Robinson, Glengarry county, Ontario, January 4, 
1888. He received his early education in the public 
schools of North Bay, and later entered the North 
Bay Collegiate Institute for college preparatory work. 
He proceeded to Queen's University at Kingston, and 
was graduated successively with the degrees of Bachelor 
of Arts, Doctor of Medicine, and Master of Surgery. 
Dr. Kinsella proceeded to England for post-graduate 
work and was engaged in medical research at London 
when the World War began. He immediately volun- 
teered for service, the date of his enlistment being 
August 5, 1914, and served continuously throughout the 
World War. In 1917 he was appointed surgeon specialist 
at Southwick Military Hospital, at East Dulwich. Later, 
he became consulting surgeon at Waltham Abbey Hos- 
pital in North London. He received his discharge in 
April, 1919. 

After the war, Dr. Kinsella returned to Canada and 
established himself as a surgeon at Toronto. The 
wide experience gained during the period of his military 



service, combined with the sound theoretical knowledg 
acquired during his student days and the two years c 
his post-graduate study in England, enables Dr. Kir 
sella to speak with authority on all matters connecte 
with his profession. His skill and ability are universall 
recognized and he is an acknowledged leader among hi 
colleagues in the medical world. He is a member of th 
surgical staff of Western Hospital, Toronto. He belong 
to the Canadian Academy of Medicine, and to th 
Ontario Medical Association. 

In religious faith Dr. Kinsella is a Presbyterian. He i 
well known in Masonic circles, and is a member of th 
King Alfred Lodge, Fidelity Chapter Three, Ros 
Croix. He is president (1922) of the Lake Shore Countr 
Club and serves as an executive officer of the Argonau 
Football Club. He is also an executive officer of th 
Argonaut Rowing Club, and takes a keen interest i 
outdoor activities of every description. 

Dr. Kinsella married, on February 12, 1916, Jea 
Young, daughter of William and Jennie (Coubourgh 
Young, of Auckland, New Zealand. Dr. and Mr 
Kinsella have two children: Margaret Jean, who we 
born on January 22, 1917; and Audrey, who was bor 
on December 21, 1920. 



JOSEPH EDWARD CASSAN— One of the forcf 
which is having much to do with the present efficier 
handling of the problem of transportation in Canadi 
and the future possibilities along this line, is the Domir 
ion School of Telegraphy and Railroading, of whic 
Joseph E. Cassan is the proprietor. This institution : 
supplementing the work of the railroad compani( 
in such a way as to bring to their employ men traine 
in railway station service. Mr. Cassan is the thir 
generation in his family to be identified with railroa 
work in the Dominion of Canada, his grandfather havin 
entered the field of endeavor in 1864. Captain Matthe- 
S. Cassan was a native of England, and had served as a 
officer in the British army. He came to Canada in pr> 
Confederation days, when railroading still held t\ 
charm of novelty and adventure, with the right to a grai 
of land in Upper Canada. His appointment to tl 
position of station master at the little village of Thorol 
on the lines of the Great Western railway, was a matt' 
of congratulation at that time, and carried with it 
salary of $400 per year. The letter appraising Capta 
Cassan of his appointment, is still treasured in tl, 
family. Captain Cassan's son, Matthew Sheffiej 
Cassan, was a farmer the greater part of his life, and | 
now deceased. He married Christian MacKenzie, al 
deceased, and their three sons are now in the railro: 
business. 

Joseph Edward Cassan was bom in Campbellfor 
Ontario, February 14, 1876, and his formal education w 
limited to the public and high schools of his native tow 
After completing the school course he took up te!i 
graphy and general railway work at Bothwell, Ontan 
his first position being with the Canadian Pacific railws 
at Ingersoll, Ontario. Later he was with the sai 
railroad at various stations in Western Ontario, his h 
position being at London, Ontario. During his s6 
in that city Mr. Cassan took a course with the Inti 
national Correspondence School of Scranton, Pennft 
vania, in advanced branches of study, and was indut 
by that institution to become its representative 
Western Ontario. Relinquishing his railroad work 
1907, he devoted his time to the interests of the Scrant 
schools as a solicitoi-, with marked success. But I 
Cassan's railroading experience was not to be laid a» 
as a closed book. The Scranton schools at that time ■ ' 
not teach telegraphy or railway practice, and know 
the vital issues constantly at stake, he realized, as ■ 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



167 



Tnan could, the crying need of trained men and 
men for responsible positions in the operating branch- 
of the railroad. Accordingly he established a railway 
lege, at London, Ontario, a residential school, covering 
egraphy and general traffic work. In 1909 Mr. Cassan 
t London, and coming to Toronto became the proprie- 
• of the Dominion School of Telegraphy and Railroad- 
;, and in 1917 he founded the Cassan's Wireless 
tool of which he also is the owner. For several years 
was obliged to occupy cramped quarters, then found 
lew location where his spacious rooms are well lighted, 
d eminently fitted for the purpose of school activities. 
ir a number of years the number of students under his 
itruction has averaged more than three hundred a 
ar. In all the work of the railroad school the methods 
d forms in actual use by the leading railroads of the 
)minion are used, and the school is endorsed by those 
niliar with its work, from the student just graduated 
d enjoying his first position, to the highest officials ol 
! leading railway systems of the continent. Mr. 
ssan himself prepares all the text-books used in these 
tools, most of which are the only books of this kind 
print, and all are approved by the railways of Canada 
i'ore being sent to the printer. Hundreds of graduates 
I the schools are now employed throughout the Do- 
inion, and very many are also employed in the United 
lites, many wireless graduates being employed on the 
)ps of both nations. 

fJir. Cassan finds little leisure for outside activities. 
: is a member of Gait Lodge, No. 257, Free and 
fcepted Masons, and is a member of the Anglican 
ijirch. 

le married, in Gait, Ontario, June 26, 1901, Lottie 
VDando, of that city, and they are the parentis of three 
fildren: Amelia Beatrice, Sheffield Edward, and Muriel 
larlotte. 



as is his father, the Hon. George McHugh. Mr. McHugh 
is unmarried. 



aEORGE PARNELL McHUGH— Of good old Irish 
t'k, the family of McHugh may well be proud of its 
liestry, as are the Parnells, who since the sixteenth 
»tury have claimed Ireland as their native heath. 

'he Honourable George McHugh was born in the 

xnship of Ops, Ontario, on July 7, 1845, son of the late 

Pirick and Ann (Walker) McHugh, both natives of 

[rand. For years he was successfully engaged in farm- 

n In 1896, however, he was elected to the House of 

ons, and later, January, 1901, he was summoned 

Senate and has since that time continued to serve 

Hi country in that capacity. 

eorge Parnell McHugh, son of the Honourable 

"0 and Margaret (O'Neil) McHugh, was born at 

ly, Ontario. His early education was acquired 

wife Separate and Collegiate schools at Lindsay, and 

ledso graduated, in 1907, from Ottawa College. While 

it nding Ottawa, he made the football team and played 

honor of his alma mater during 1905-06. He was 

<d also by the election to the presidency of the 

Jiege Debating Society, and during 1906-07 was 

'i-president of the Intercollegiate Union. 

McHugh has always taken a keen interest in the 

of the Dominion, and shortly after his graduation 

' )ttawa College he spent a year abroad as commis- 

with the Dominion Exhibition Staff at Dublin, 

■ ...d. On his return to Canada he decided to enter 

hiprofession of law and accordingly entered Osgoode 

If Law School, graduating in 1913, after which he was 

'. lately called to the bar and has since been engaged 

ral civil practice. 

McHugh is a staunch Catholic, a member of the 

h of Our Lady of Lourdes, and an active member 

' Knights of Columbus. In politics he is a Liberal, 



FREDERICK WILLIAM WELLINGTON— General 

manager as well as part owner of the beautiful nursery 
gardens which were established at Fonthill by his father 
and which are regarded with pride throughout the length 
and breadth of the Dominion, Mr. Wellington has 
achieved great success as a scientific landscape gardener 
and horticulturist. 

Mr. Wellington was born at Toronto, July 6, 1885, son 
of William Edgar and Elizabeth May Wellington. Mr. 
Wellington's father was born at Oshawa, Ontario, in the 
year 1849. He came to Toronto, and in 1878 entered into 
partnership with William Stone, a native of Rochester, 
New York. The partners established themselves at 
Toronto as nursery-men, and before long, increased 
their business by purchasing a nursery establishment. 
This business had been founded some time before and its 
property consisted of fifty acres of gardens at Fonthill. 
Mr. Wellington and his partner immediately began a 
series of experiments designed to produce new and 
improved varieties of shrubbery, ornamental trees 
and fruit. Their experiments proved successful and the 
business steadily increased in size. It became necessary 
to enlarge the property from time to time as the demand 
for plants increased and the growth of the business was 
steady and continuous. Mr. Stone, the partner in the 
firm, which is still known as Stone & Wellington, died 
about 1886, and Mr. Wellington thereafter carried on 
the business alone. He was the producer of the Welling- 
ton peach and the Ritson pear, two of the best known 
fancy varieties of these fruits. Mr. Wellington died in 
1910, leaving the business to his children, Frederick 
William and E. Stanley Wellington and Mrs. B. W. 
Sniff en, their sister; they are now equal partners in the 
firm. Mr. Wellington's mother, Elizabeth May Welling- 
ton, was born at Oshawa, Ontario, about 1854. She died 
when Frederick W. was about eighteen months old. 

Mr. Wellington received his early education in the 
Model School, and proceeded to Upper Canada College at 
Toronto, from which he graduated in 1902. After his 
graduation, he entered his father's firm as an employee, 
and the whole of his business career has been devoted 
to the development of the many kinds of fruit trees and 
ornamental plants grown by his company. Upon the 
death of his father in 1910, Mr. Wellington was made 
general manager of the business, which is now the oldest 
and largest of its kind in the Dominion. The nurseries 
at Fonthill occupy over eight hundred acres, and there 
is a department devoted to scientific landscape gardening, 
where men of the highest skill are employed for this 
work. The company has representatives in all the cities 
of the Dominion and maintains a branch office at Mon- 
treal. The Toronto offices are located at No. 49 Welling- 
ton street. East, where they have been for over thirty 
years. 

Mr. Wellington is an active member of the Toronto 
Board of Trade. His winter home is st No. 11 Edgewood 
Crescent, but during the summer he lives at Fonthill. 
He attends the Anglican church. In politics, he is a 
Conservative. Mr. Wellington is a member of Phoenix 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, at Fonthill. He is 
a member of the Albany, the National, the Royal 
Canadian Yacht, the Welland, and St. Catharines 
Golf clubs. 

Mr. Wellington married, in 1913, at Saskatoon, 
Muriel Koyl, who was born at Lindsay, Ontario, where 
for many years her father was stationed as a Methodist 
minister. Mr. and Mrs. Wellington have two sons: 
William Biglow, born in 1915; and Frederick Edgar, 
born in 1917. 



168 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



JAMES I. ROWLES, a member of an old English 
family, was born at Bristol, England, May 11, 1876, 
son of James A. and Sylanda (Fowler) Rowles. His 
father, whose business was that of a painter and interior 
decorator, was the owner of a well-known establishment 
at Bristol. 

Mr. Rowles received his education in the public schools 
and trade schools of England, and at the early age ol 
fourteen entered his father's business as an apprentice. 
During the seven years of his term, he served the house 
with the utmost fidelity, maintaining the attitude of a 
pupil throughout, and receiving his training on the same 
terms as any other apprentice. His diligence and per- 
severance were a never-failing source of satisfaction to 
his father, who was himself a craftsman of the highest 
type and thoroughly imbued with the Bristol idea of 
technical excellence. When the boy's training was 
completed, his father did everything he could to provide 
for his success and made him manager of the Bristol 
business, but, in 1903, Mr. Rowles' natural desire to see 
the world, and especially to see the great Dominion, 
led to his coming to Canada. He had no difficulty in 
finding employment either then or afterwards. The new 
country, in fact, was very hospitable to him, and as time 
went on he gave up all thought of returning to England 
except for such periodical visits as are looked forward to 
by Canadians in general. When he first came to Toronto, 
he spent several years with the firm of McCausland & 
Son, Ltd., later entering the service of the T. Eaton 
Company, and still later the Robert Simpson Company. 
In 1915 he established himself in business, with offices 
at No. 77 Victoria street. 

A master of his trade and an authority on all subjects 
connected with it, Mr. Rowles was able to build up a 
large business in a short time, and has been increasingly 
successful ever since. He believes in beautiful decorations 
and workmanship of the highest quality, and specializes 
in the production of better interiors for Canadian homes 
and public buildings. Among men who follow the busi- 
ness of interior decorating, Mr. Rowles is held in high 
esteem. He belongs to the Master Painters' Association 
of Canada and the United States, and acts as chairman 
of the social committee. In this fellowship, the com- 
panionship of a man trained in such a school of acknow- 
ledged excellence as Bristol, and one who displays honesty 
and sincerity in all his work is greatly appreciated. 

Mr. Rowles has for many years been actively interested 
in civic affairs, and is a supporter of all movements 
tending to the improvement of the city at large. During 
the years 1914-15 he was president of the Bedford 
Park Ratepayers Association. 

He was the founder of the Bristol Old Boys' Associa- 
tion organized in 1906, and is its past president. Mr. 
Rowles, moreover, belongs to that useful class of 
citizens which takes a very decided interest in com- 
munity life and affairs. He has long been known for his 
skill at out-door games, especially lacrosse and football, 
and, although he no longer plays these games himself, 
he is an active supporter of the Canadian teams, and is 
usually in evidence as a sympathetic onlooker or a judge 
when the matches take place at Toronto. He spends a 
good deal of time on the ice at the pastime of curling, 
and his out-door recreation is bowling. He belongs to the 
North Toronto Curling Club, and to the North Toronto 
Bowling Club, of which he is chairman of the social 
committee. He is a Mason, a member of Wilson Lodge, 
and belongs to the Loyal Orange Lodge. In religious 
faith, he is a member of the Anglican church. Politically 
he is a Conservative. 

Mr. Rowles married Florence Pritchard, daughter of 
William Pritchard. Mr. and Mrs. Rowles have one son, 
Reginald James Pritchard Rowles, who was born Feb- 



ruary 3, 1902, and is now (1922) a student at Up; 
Canada College. 

FRED WILKIE BARBOUR, D.D.S.— A native 
New Brunswick, Dr. Barbour was born at St. Jo! 
July 31, 1871. He is a son of Robert Barbour, a fori 
well-known resident of St. John, and long associated w 
the city's growth and welfare. An outstanding point 
interest in the record of this branch of the Canad 
Barbour family is that in the World War both father i 
oldest son held the rank of captain in the Canadian arr 
the older man rendering the professional service for wh 
a long experience eminently qualified him, the son le 
ing his company on the field. 

Dr. Barbour received his preliminary education in 
public schools of New Brunswick. After his graduat 
from high school he obtained his professional train 
at the Boston Dental College of Boston, Massachuse 
He was graduated with leading honors and as presid 
of the class of 1891, and returned to Fredericton 
establish a practice. Dr. Barbour was an examiner 
the Dominion Dental Council from 1906 to 1914, i 
acted as president of the Canadian Dental Associat 
from 1914 to 1916. He volunteered for service in 
World War and was commissioned a captain in 
Dental Corps of the Canadian army, being officer 
charge of the Base Hospital Dental Clinic here. At 
close of the war he found Toronto an attractive field 
professional endeavor, and has come into a nota 
position in his calling. He is a member of the Toroi 
Dental Association, Ontario Dental Association, and 
Dominion Dental Association. He fraternizes with 
Knights of Pythias and the Canadian Order of Foresti 
and his club is the Granite. He is a member of the Bapi 
church. 

Dr. Barbour married, at St. John, in 1893, Bessie 
MacFarlane, daughter of Dr. and Mrs. Foster M 
Farlane, and they are the parents of the following c 
dren: Roydon M., of further mention; Noel R., i 
Fred S. H. 

Roydon M. Barbour was born in Fredericton, N 
Brunswick, April 5, 1896, and there attended pu 
schools. In 1915 he enlisted in the Canadian army : 
went overseas with the Twenty-fifth Nova Scotia ■ 
fantry Battalion, with the rank of captain. He ■ 
severely wounded at Vimy Ridge, and in January, ISi 
was decorated with the M. C. After the armistice i 
January and February of 1919, he was area command 
of one of the divisions of occupied territory, and in U 
1919, was honorably discharged from the army, 
present business activities are in advertising and i 
promotion. He married, in Toronto, in October, l! 
Louise Blogg, daughter of A. E. Blogg. 

GEORGE SHEPARD— In early manhood 
Shepard formed his first association with the priffl 
business, and although other interests have clai 
him for periods of considerable length, that is the 
of work that has formed the basis of his substat 
success. Since 1910 Mr. Shepard has had associ 
with him, his brother. Miles Washington Shepard, 
his sons, George W. and Perry Shepard, and the bus 
through the energetic and progressive leadership o 
founder, has come' into prominence in the prii s 
trade in Toronto. 

Mr. Shepard's father, William Allen Shepard, rn 
in Brownville, New York, was engaged in similar f 
of endeavor, having been at one time editor and 
Usher of the "Belleville Intelligencer" and from 
to 1894 manager of the Mail Job Printing Comi 
Toronto. In 1892 - 1893 William Allen Shepard 
president of the Typothetae of America, two ti j- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



169 



e married Henrietta Augusta Cook, daughter of Jacob 
5ok. Jacob Cook settled in Canada in 1837 at Cooks- 
lie, which was named after him. He operated the stage 
ach from Hamilton to Port Hope, changing horses 

Cooksville, Toronto, and Oshawa. 

Rev. Gideon Allen Shepard, father of William Allen 

lepard and grandfather of George Shepard, came to 

mada from Glasgow, Scotland, and was professor of 

bert College, Belleville, Ontario. 

George Shepard was born in Belleville, Ontario, 

rtober 7, 1866, and after attending public schools 

his birthplace, he came with his parents to Toronto. 
5 pursued his studies in this city until 1881, then 
tering the employ of the Great Northwest Telegraph 
)mpany as a messenger boy, working up in this organi- 
tion to the post of dispatcher, which he held until 
83. In that year he went with the Turner Ferry 
impany, operating the ferry across the bay from 
ironto to Center Island and Hanlan's Point, as ticket 
ent. Upon the death of Mr. Turner in 1884, this 
sipany became the Doty Ferry Company, and Mr. 
:epard remained as manager of this company until 
;S6. It was in this year he formed his first connection 
ith the printing business, serving an apprenticeship in 
1! shop of the Mail Job Printing Company and con- 
juing with that concern until 1894. He held the posi- 

!L of assistant manager of the job printing department 
he latter year, when he resigned to enter independent 
rations, forming a partnership with his brothers, 
J es Washington and Harry, under the name of Shepard 
srthers. Their plant was located at No. 77 Adelaide 
1 Jet, West, and a general job printing business was 
lasacted, a large share of the theatrical poster work 
< the province being done in their shop, 
n 1897 Mr. Shepard disposed of his interest to his 
I ther. Miles Washington, and for a short time, there- 
iT, suffered from ill health, and subsequently, be- 
le a purser on the boats of the Niagara Navigation 
npany. He qualified for captain's papers in 1906, 
never took out a boat. From 1897 to 1910, Mr. 
pard spent the summer seasons on the boats, and 
;he fall and winter of 1897, 1898 and 1899, he was 
)loyed by the Bertram Shipbuilding Company 
Toronto. During these seasons from 1899 to 1907 
was travelling salesman for a printing concern. 
904, from April to December, he was in charge of the 
bit of the Niagara Navigation Company, and the 
lelieu and Ontario Navigation Company at the 
'Id's Fair in St. Louis, Missouri. 
1 1907 Mr. Shepard went prospecting and mining in 
aorth country, traversing the territory in the vicinity 
plk Lake, Latchford, Hillerbury, and Gowganda, 

tning to that region in the fall of 1908 and 1909. 
in 1910 he decided to re-enter the printing field, 
piling a shop at No. 33 Scott street, as the George 
niard Printing Company. This enterprise proved an 
Hfied success and in August, 1914, the plant was 
to No. 42 Colborne street, where a building of 
stories and basement, with fifty-four hundred 
ti>et of floor space, is occupied. Thirty-two persons 
iployed. On January 1, 1921, the business was 
irated into a joint stock company and Mr. 
il became president of the board of directors. 
mpany does all kinds of printing and engraving 
1 as book binding, and have a large clientele 
l)anks, insurance companies, and the Ontario 
ment. The company also publishes the "House- 
<crs Perfect Account Book," an annual publication 
•rjining recipes, account columns, and calendars. 
h (' account books are distributed throughout Canada 
advertisers, and have been most enthusiastically 
' li. Mr. Shepard is a member of the Typothetae 



of America, thoroughly in accord with the work and 
aims of this strong organization of employing printers. 
He is also a member of the Board of Trade, and the 
Canadian Manufacturers' Association. He is held in 
high regard by his business associates for sturdy qualities 
of worth. Mr. Shepard has gained his place of promin- 
ence through diligent, intelligently applied effort, with- 
out favoring circumstances or outside aid, and the term 
"self-made" accurately describes his business life. 
He is president of the Oil Wells of Canada, Limited, 
and director of other industrial companies. 

Mr. Shepard holds the thirty-second degree in the 
Masonic order of Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, 
and is a life member of Rameses Temple, Ancient 
Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, and is a 
member of the Ancient Order of Foresters. He is a 
member of the First Christian Science Church of Toron- 
to. Mr. Shepard has not entered into public life, finding 
ample opportunity for the furtherance of the general 
good in daily contact with his fellows, and he is numbered 
among the substantial, dependable citizens of Toronto. 

He married, in Toronto, Minnie Victoria Burnside, 
of Collingwood, Ontario, and they are the parents of 
two sons: George Washington, served in the Royal 
Flying Corps during the World War, now sales manager 
of the George Shepard Printing Company, Ltd.; and 
Perry, who was attending an officers' training camp at the 
time of the signing of the armistice, now manager of the 
George Shepard Printing Company, Ltd., married Verva 
Sellers and they have a son, Donald George. Mr. 
Shepard finds his chief recreation in motoring and he 
enjoys. nothing more than a stay at the old Cook home- 
stead, which he owns. 

DANIEL WALKER MARKHAM — Among the 
younger barristers of Toronto who are going forward 
to success is Daniel W. Markham, whose headquarters 
are in the Crown Office building, at No. 26 Queen street. 
East. Mr. Markham is a son of Patrick and Sarah 
Jane Markham, both now deceased. The elder Mr. 
Markham was born at St. Thomas, Ontario, and during 
his lifetime was engaged as a railway conductor on the 
New York Central lines. 

Daniel Walker Markham was born at St. Thomas, 
Ontario, August 18, 1890, and received his early educa- 
tion in the public and high schools of his native city, 
and following a comprehensive course at Osgoode Hall 
Law School, he was called to the bar in 1915. He has 
practiced in Toronto continuously since that time, 
with gratifying success. He is a member of the Canadian > 
Bar Association, and has been brought forward in politic- 
al affairs as an active supporter of the Liberal party. 
He is secretary of the South East Toronto Liberal 
Association, and is vice-president of the Toronto Central 
Liberal Association. Fraternally he is high counsellor 
for Central Ontario of the Independent Order of Fores- 
ters, is a member of the Ancient Order of Foresters, and 
of the Loyal Orange Lodge, also of St. Matthew's 
Lawn Bowling Club. He is a member of the Methodist 
church and resides at No. 39 Lockwood road. 



FRANCIS WILLIAM JOHNSTON— For many years 
identified with various business and public interests 
of Toronto, Francis W. Johnston is one of the representa- 
tive men of Ontario. A grandson of Thomas Johnston, 
who came from Sligo county, Ireland, to York county, 
before 1837-38, Mr. Johnston has applied pioneer 
spirit to all his endeavors, of whatsoever nature. His 
father, John Johnston, was a farmer in York county for 
many years, and active in the general interests of the 
people, as well as successful in his own pursuits. Later 
in life he retired and maae his home in Toronto until the 



170 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



time of his death, which occurred in 1910. He married 
Ellen Jackson, who was born in York county, and they 
were the parents of five children, of whom four are living, 
among them Francis William, of whom further. 

Francis William Johnston was born in York county, 
Ontario, in 1862, and his education included a course in 
the Toronto Business College, also in the Jessie Kitchen- 
er School of this city. Preparing for the vocation of 
teaching, he followed it but a short time, as business 
appealed to him more directly. In 1883 he engaged in 
the grocery business, at No. 82 Davenport road, Toronto. 
He continued in this business at the same location for a 
period of twenty-one years, then, turning over his interests 
to his brother Herbert, retired from all connection with 
the business, in the year 1904. By no means, however, 
did Mr. Johnston end his active life at that time. He 
has traveled much since, and has taken a broadly con- 
structive interest in public affairs. Always a Conser- 
vative, he was elected alderman from the Third Ward 
in the years 1918-19-20, and while serving in this capac- 
ity was appointed at various times on all committees 
of the board, these including committees of such impor- 
tance as public works, parks, legislative, exhibition, etc. 
He was a member of the Hospital Board for two years, 
and also served on the board of directors of the Industrial 
School, and has always been a staunch advocate of a 
public commission. He is a member of the Orangemen, 
Cameron Lodge, No. 613, and of the Temple, Royal 
Black Preceptory, No. 292. Some years ago he was 
appointed justice of the peace by Sir James Whitney, 
and still serves in that capacity. He was one of the 
original organizers of the Toronto Retail Grocers' 
Association, which has been the means of such gen- 
uine benefit in the trade, and for two years served this 
association as president. At one time he was chief 
ranger of the Canadian Order of Foresters, but dropped 
out of this order some years ago. He is a life member 
of the York Pioneers. 

Mr. Johnston married, in 1886, in Orangeville, 
Ontario, Mariah Island, who was born in Peel county. 
They reside in the delightful house which Mr. Johnston 
built on Dundonald street, Toronto, and attend the 
Bond Street Congregational Church. 



WILLIAM NEILSON— When Mr. Neilson, after 
several attempts to find the work for which he was best 
fitted, established on a small scale in the manufacture 
of ice-cream, he laid the foundation of a business that 
..circles the world and that holds premier position in its 
field in the British Empire. Throughout the narrative 
that follows there is one note sounded again and again, 
the vision and energy of William Neilson, and the 
executive talent and foresight that not only built up an 
enterprise of remarkable efficiency and scope, but that 
provided for its future leadership in such manner that 
when death called him, the work went on smoothly and 
without interruption. Many men can accomplish individ- 
ually, but when with personal power comes the ability 
to direct and co-ordinate the activity of others, then is 
found the soil in which business genius grows. In the 
name of Neilson, father and sons, there has been given 
to Toronto and to Canada an institution of imposing 
proportions and large worth. 

William Neilson was a son of John and Mary (Lang) 
Neilson, his parents natives of Paisley, Scotland, who 
came to Canada in 1821, locating in Ramsey township, 
Lanark county, Ontario. John Neilson was a farmer 
and the father of a large family. He died in 1884, his 
wife having died in 1877. William Neilson was born in 
Ramsey, Ontario, March 16, 1844. The eldest son of 
a large family on a small farm, he early assumed respon- 
sibilities at home, and while attending the district schools 



was also his father's assistant. He was twenty-one ye 
of age before he was able to plan independent work, i 
he then went to Rochester, New York, where he secu 
employment with a farmer. For two years he remaii 
there, then returned to his native district and beca 
a machinist's apprentice in the shop of Young & Flett 
Almonte, Ontario. After becoming a journeyman, he i 
for a time employed by Dickie-Neil, of Toronto. 
1873 he went to Brockville, Ontario, where he follow 
his trade, subsequently and until 1889 conducting re 
operations in general fancy goods. In the latter year 
sold his store and business, and in January, 1890, ca 
to Toronto, here leasing a building at No. 218 Sorau 
avenue, and opening a retail grocery store. This vent 
terminated most unsuccessfully, and by the middle 
1891 he had completely exhausted his resources. Leav 
his family in Toronto, he went again to the States, t 
time to North Dakota, where he was employed b; 
brother in farm work in the fall of 1891. 

When he returned to Toronto he was still in d« 
He secured a few cows and began the sale of milk, ■< 
not long afterward obtained the equipment of an i 
cream manufacturing concern whose operations had bi 
discontinued. Placing this in order he started 
manufacture of ice-cream, and this was the inceptior 
the present William Neilson, Limited. Mincemeat i 
also made, all the members of the family assisting 
some capacity, and rapid growth resulted as their f 
ducts found instant favor. 

While still in the same location, Mr. Neilson m; 
several additions to his place of business, but not mi 
years passed before even the increased space beca 
inadequate to house the growing business. In 1904 
bought land at No. 307 Gladstone avenue, where 
erected a building 40 x 70 feet in area, with two sto 
and basement, also with engine room attached, 40 x 
feet. This plant was equipped with all the most mod 
machinery of the time for carrying forward manufac 
ing operations. Soon again more room was vit 
needed, so a wagon shed was built and a story ad 
to the main building, the ice-crushers and ice-ta 
being removed to this floor. In 1905 the ice-cream b 
ness reached a production of two thousand gallons d: 
and so far surpassed the demand for mincemeat tha 
1907 the manufacture of the latter commodity was 
manently discontinued. In 1908 Mr. Neilson began' 
manufacture of high grade chocolates; two years ' 
this branch of the business had also largely in 
requiring the erection, in 1910, of a building II 
120 feet, two stories and basement. In 1912 
stories were added to the height of this building, 
attempt to keep pace with the growth of the indi 
meanwhile, in both branches of the plant, co) 
improvements were made in methods and equipir 
as science and invention gave opportunity. In 
Mr. Neilson purchased a creamery at Beachville, ^ 
tario, to augment the supply of cream and in 
abandoned the old plant and erected a modern crean . 
much larger, and also installed milk powdering e(i> 
ment, the latter branch now requiring an extei^ 
plant. 

The business was incorporated in 1907, with Wi in 
Neilson as president, his sons, Morden, Charles E 
Allen, holding other offices, and the firm becoming 
Ham Neilson, Limited. Since the death of the fathi 
1915 the sons have continued the business, hO' 
fast to those principles by hich the older man ac 
ed his success. Following the unsettled condil 
caused by the war, they resumed the policy of exparj 
to provide for the rapid growth of the business, e eo 
ially in the candy departments. In 1919 a factor; 'M 
built, 1 10 X 228 feet, five stories and basement, and ali :m 



I 



•pkvitl», ri 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



171 



aery at Beachville was enlarged. The concern now 
I) employs a thousand people in all departments 
;he ice-cream plant has a capacity of one thousand 
US per hour. They have representatives in all parts 
le Dominion of Canada, South America, South 
a, Japan, China, Australia, and New Zealand, and 
candies are shipped to all parts of the world, their 
act consisting only of the highest grade of chocolate- 
d candies. Ice-cream is consigned to points as far 
as Quebec, and as far west as White River, 
is business, more significant than any mausoleum of 
le or tablet of bronze, stands as a memorial to the 
ss energy, boundless enthusiasm, ins piring courage 
)ptimism of William Neilson. He had no greater 
ure than the development of this great enterprise 
istantly widening circles of influence, and due in a 
iry degree to his wisely-directed, unremitting 
!, the company is now the largest manufacturer of 
earn and high grade chocolates in the British 
ire. William Neilson, Limited, is one of the most 
lessive and most admirably organized business 
|s of the North American Continent. System and 
incy have been carried to that point up to which 
nistrative and productive efforts are most advanced, 
jhe activities of the several departments merge into 
ified whole that handles the vast business of the 
ijany with frictionless dispatch. William Neilson 
I: remarkable man in many ways. Physically strong 

)ove the average, his mental and moral strength 
II direct proportion, and his reputation for integ- 

<ias known wherever his interests extended. He 
! ised a rare faculty for remembering names and faces, 
larely did this gift fail him. He associated with 
1 is sons, trained them in the undertaking that was 
l.r to him, and gave them responsibility and author- 

at enabled them, when his aid and counsel were 
'■■T lost, to continue in the course of progress and 
jsion under the policy that had brought such 
$ lid success. 

t Neilson married, at Brockville, Ontario, October 
.1 5, Mary Eva Kaiser, and they were the parents ot 

lildren: Arthur; Morden; Charles Edward, secre- 
rof William Neilson, Limited.; Lena, wife of C. 
Jablow; and Allen. 

i Neilson died in Toronto, February 10, 1915. A 
V business created by him bears his name in the 
res of trade where he is remembered for sterling 
13. His life furnishes a background for all of its 
vy, and the spirit that animates it is that of its 
I ;ed head. 



•VID B. GOODMAN— Inspired by wholesome 
Hon and an almost exhaustless energy, David 
jodraan has shown from the time he first entered 
'jronto public schools at a very early age that he 
tetined to make a name for himself in the city of 
£ option. 

1 ough born at Acton, Ontario, November 26, 1884, 
oodman has lived almost all of his life in Toronto. 
i very young he entered school and attended 
:feively the McCauI Street Public and the Jarvis 
9; Collegiate schools, graduating from the latter 
9). He then entered Toronto University, specializ- 
i political science, graduated with the degree of 
h.or of Arts in 1914 and immediately entered Os- 
i'Hall Law School. His record at Osgoode proved 
Rtal of which he was made, for despite the fact 
: 3 was regularly employed in the offices of Owens, 
I'oot & McDonald, he found time to work for and 
i a silver medal for exceptional merit, and also the 
isipher Robinson scholarship. 



In 1919 the partnership of Owens, Proudfoot & Mc- 
Donald was dissolved and Mr. Goodman formed a part- 
nership with Mr. Owens, becoming the junior member 
of the firm of Owens & Goodman. However, in June 
1920, he decided to work independently and is now 
engaged in general practice at No. 72 Queen street. He 
is a member of the Ontario Bar Association, and is vice- 
president of the Toronto Conservative Association, 
Fourth Ward. 

In May, 1917, Mr. Goodman married Dorothy Sobel, 
in Toronto. They have one son, Edwin Alan Goodman, 
born October 11, 1918. 



SAMUEL McNAIRN— For thirty-three years a 
resident of Toronto, and during the entire time active 
in the grain business in some connection, Samuel Mc- 
Nairn has become a leading figure in this widely import- 
ant Canadian industry. A native of Scotland, Mr. 
McNairn comes of a family long engaged in agricultural 
pursuits in that country, and is a son of Samuel and 
Janet (McKie) McNairn. 

Samuel McNairn was born November 27, 1864, at 
Meikle Eldrig, Newton-Stewart, Wigtonshire, Scotland. 
Receiving a thoroughly practical education in the 
Douglas Academy and Ewart High School of Newton- 
Stewart, his business training was begun in Newton- 
Stewart, the first five years' experience being gained 
there and in the city of Dumfries. During the next two 
years following, Mr. McNairn was connected with a large 
wholesale and retail concern in Manchester, England, 
then in 1889 came to Canada. Here he located at once 
in Toronto, and for about six years was identified with 
several large flour and grain mills having offices in this 
city, filling various positions of a clerical and executive 
nature. With this broad experience Mr. McNairn, in 
1895, formed a partnership with J. Melady, with offices 
in Toronto, and did a very extensive grain business, 
giving especial attention to the export trade, their 
interests in this branch of the business becoming enor- 
mous as time passed. In 1899 Mr. McNairn purchased 
the interest of his partner, and carried the business for- 
ward under his own name until 1905, when he formed a 
joint stock company, under the name of S. McNairn & 
Company, Ltd., acting as president and general manager 
of the concern. Owning and operating grain elevators and 
warehouses at various points in Ontario, they have since 
carried on a constantly increasing business, shipping 
Ontario and western grain to all parts of the world. 

For nearly thirty years Mr. McNairn has been a 
member of the Toronto Board of Trade, and in the course 
of that time has acted as arbitrator in many grain dis- 
putes of wide importance. He has also, in many cases, 
acted as expert valuator for insurance companies on 
grain salvages, after the destruction by fire of large 
elevators. His standing in the trade is of the highest, and 
he is looked upon as one of the representative men of this, 
a leading industry of the Dominion. His personal 
interests include membership in the Granite Club of 
Toronto, and the Mississauga Golf and Country Club. 
He has never taken any prominent part in public 
affairs, but as a young man served as a member of the 
Galloway volunteers, at Wigtonshire, Scotland. He has 
for many years been a member of the Bloor Street 
Presbyterian church. 

Mr. McNairn married, on October 16, 1894, Josephine 
Youngs, daughter of John and Martha May Youngs, and 
they are the parents of three children: Samuel Stanford, 
born September 1, 1895; Josephine Lilian, born Novem- 
ber 15, 1897; and Hartley Dewart, born December 27, 
1904. 



172 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



WALTER CHARLES CAIN— Deputy minister of 
lands and forests for the government of Ontario, Mr. 
Cain was born at Newmarket, Ontario, September 29, 
1876, son of Michael and Ann (Mulcahey) Cain. He 
received his early education in private and separate 
schools, public and high schools, and finally proceeded 
to the Model School. After leaving the Model School, he 
went into the woods and became a bookkeeper and time- 
keeper for a large lumber concern on the Georgian Bay. 
This interlude, although brief, provided him with useful 
experience, and gave him all the advantages to health 
which may be derived from a stay in the open. When 
he left Georgian Bay, Mr. Cain returned to his home at 
Newmarket and entered the teaching profession be- 
coming principal of the separate school in his native 
town. Imbued with a thorough love of learning, he spent 
all of his spare time in study, and finally entered the 
Ontario Normal School. His career as a student at this 
institution was very distinguished. He availed himsell 
of all the opportunities the school offered to its students, 
and in 1900, captured the gold medal as his graduating 
honor. 

In the fall of 1900 he was chosen principal of St. 
Mary's Separate School at Lindsay, Ontario. In 1903, 
a turn of fortune's wheel brought him to Toronto to fill 
the interesting position of clerk for the Province of 
Ontario in that branch of the land department which 
controls the sales and free grants of Ontario land. While 
serving the government in this capacity, Mr. Cain 
completed a course of study at the University of Toronto. 
He was graduated from that institution of learning in 
1907, with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. 

Mr. Cain's work for the government had by this time 
80 completely engaged his attention that he gave up 
all thought of returning to the educational field. In 1916 
he was appointed chief clerk of the lands branch, a newly 
constituted division of the land department of the Pro- 
vincial Government. This branch was the result of a 
consolidation of various sub-branches. In 1920 the 
Provincial Government appointed him to the office of 
assistant deputy minister of lands and forests, and in 
October, 1921, promoted him to the office of deputy min- 
ister of lands and forests. Mr. Cain holds this position 
at the present time, and continues to fill it with rare 
ability. His great love of learning is attested to by a large 
and valuable private library, and his interest in literary 
and educational matters is ever manifest. He was a 
moving spirit in the work of organizing the St. Francis' 
Literary and Athletic Association of Toronto, and, as its 
first president, served the club with the utmost loyalty 
and fidelity. A lover of all sports, and especially of free 
and vigorous games in the open air, Mr. Cain has in the 
past been widely known for his skill at lacrosse. He 
played with the senior champion Brantfords, during the 
seasons of 1902 and 1903, was a star on Toronto Univer- 
sity twelve, in their famous tour of 1903, and otherwise 
distinguished himself in many branches of Canadian 
sport. 

An ardent Catholic, Mr. Cain has always been in- 
terested in the cause of Catholic charity, especially 
charity for children. For seven years he was president 
of the Fresh Air Committee of the St. Vincent de Paul 
Society, and for five years, from 1916 to 1921 inclusive, 
he was president of the St. Francis' Conference of the 
St. Vincent de Paul Society. Mr. Cain is a member of 
the Knights of Columbus; the Canadian Order of Chosen 
Friends; and the Independent Order of Foresters. 

On October 28, 1909, he married Mary Edith McLeister, 
daughter of Michael and Katherine (McDonald) 
McLeister, of Fergus, Ontario. Mr. and Mrs. Cain have 
two children: Paul, who was born November 22, 1910, 
and Dorothy, who was born February 6, 1913. 



NORMAN ALEXANDER KEYS— The nai 

Keys has long been widely known in the learne 
fessions in Canada through the service and acti\ 
representatives of two generations, David Reid 
prominent educator, and his son, Norman Ale; 
Keys, of the Toronto law firm of Ritchie & Keys 
younger man has a war record of distinction and 
the Military Cross. 

The father, David Reid Keys, was born in Ken 
May 2, 1866, son of John W. and Caroline (Joh 
Keys. His mother was a daughter of Edward Jol 
of Belfast, Ireland. Professor Keys was educa 
Upper Canada College and the University of Tc 
compiling an unusual record of scholarship, com] 
his education abroad and at Columbia College, 
York City. His active years have been spent ii 
cational work and he is also noted as a lecture; 
married Erskine, daughter of Alexander McL« 
Edinburgh, Scotland, and granddaughter of Re' 
John Brown, of Haddington, Scotland. 

Norman Alexander Keys, son of David Reid an 
kine (McLean) Keys was born in Toronto, Janu 
1888. After preparatory study in the public schoc 
Harbord Collegiate Institute, he entered the Unii 
of Toronto, where he received the degree of Bachi 
Arts in 1910, also being awarded the Mackenzie F 
ship in political science. In 1910 and 1911 he s 
town planning in the University of Munich, Bs 
and upon his return to Canada completed a course 
at the Osgoode Hall Law School, being called 
bar in 1915. During the course o his law study 1 
assistant legal secretary of the Canadian Manutac 
Association, an office he held from 1912 to 1915, i 
ing to enlist in the 2nd University Company as a p 
this company being used to reinforce the "Princess 
in August, 1915. He was three times wounde( 
commissioned in March, 1917, and in May of ths 
was awarded the Military Cross at Fresnoy. Up 
return from the service Mr. Keys was appointed ins 
of the war charities department in the office 
Secretary of State at Ottawa, filling this place f 
year and a half and then returning to privati 
practice. Mr. Keys now holds a lieutenant's corai 
in a Toronto regiment, and is president of the Ca 
Princess Patricia Light Infantry Service Club. 

He formed a partnership in legal practice ■? 
F. Ritchie in 1919, and although Mr. Ritchie is r 
ceased the firm name continues as Ritchie & Key 
Keys devotes himself to a general civil practice s 
won attention in the legal fraternity of the city t 
capable and vigorous prosecution of the cases en 
to him. He is a member of the Ontario Bar AssO' 
the Dominion Bar Association and Osgoode Hall • 
of the Delta Chi fraternity. He is a member of tht 
of Trade and his fraternal affiliations are witi 
Lodge, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons. In ; 
was awarded the degree of LL.B from the Unive 
Toronto. 

Mr. Keys married (first) in Toronto, in Februar 
Lily, second daughter of the late Frank Dentori 
Mrs. Keys' death occurred in the followine Aun 
married (second) February (ith, 1922, Alice ]| 
Lewis, daughter of John and Eliza (Garfield' 
of Toronto. Mr. Keys is a communicant of the II 
of England. 

DR. W. HARPER NELSON— A member of t « 
of the Toronto General Hospital and of high e 
in the ranks of the Dominion medical tratern 
Nelson was born in County Monaghan, 
March 16, 1888, and is a son of Samuel and 
(Harper) Nelson. 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



173 



Nelson received his early education in private 
1 in England and, his parents moving to Canada 
he was quite young, in the public schools of 
,0. He then proceeded to Parkdale Collegiate 
te and graduated therefrom in 1901. He had long 
etermined to seek a medical career, so entered the 
sity of Toronto immediately after his graduation 
arkdale. He was graduated in 1909 and, with the 
on of the time he spent in military service, has 
ngaged in the general practice of medicine ever 
He enlisted for service in the World War in 1915, 
IS attached, first, to the Central Officers' Training 

and later, to the Canadian Flying Corps. He 
:d his discharge in 1919. Dr. Nelson is a member 

staff of the Toronto General Hospital, and be- 
;o the Canadian Academy of Medicine. 
Nelson is a member of the Presbyterian church, 
ongs to the St. George Lodge of the Masonic order, 
olds membership in the Lake Shore Country 
nd the Oakwood Club. 

Nelson married, on August 6, 1913, Ethel Fallaize. 
d Mrs. Nelson have two children: Harper, who 
rn on December 8, 1915; and Barry, who was born 
luary 24, 192L 

|)MAS DUNNETT— In the city of Toronto few 
have been more significant, in a quiet way, to the 
progress than that of Thomas Dunnett, M. A., 
early life was spent in the profession of teaching, 
o later became a force in the business world, and 
an ample success with many worthy benevolences, 
trough channels of organized endeavor and by 
il activities among the needy, in whom he was 
,ed. Mr. Dunnett was a son of William and Chris- 
Hack) Dunnett, both natives of Scotland and 
of broad culture. 

i nas Dunnett was born in Wick, Scotland, in the 

;48, and died in Toronto, October 25, 1902. As 

1 8 attended the schools of his native place, and in 

,jit the age of twelve years, received his first 

je to teach. This document was signed by the 

if Wick, and is still p. treasured possession of Mr. 

i's widow. He began teaching school very young, 

tinued until he was eighteen years of age, in the 

if that time receiving his degree of Master of 

oming to Canada in 1866, he settled first in 

n, where he taught for one year, after which 

ited a position as purser wdth Mr. Folger, a man 

lerable prominence in that day in shipping circles, 

r of a line of steamers plying between Cape Vin- 

d Kingston. Mr. Dunnett was associated with 

about two years, then came to Toronto in 1869, 

le identified with the firm of McCrosson & 

furriers of King street, in the capacity of 

Finding commercial activity congenial, Mr. 

did not further consider his former calling, and 

after coming to Toronto, he entered the 

le hat and fur business for himself, locating on 

it, West, and forming a partnership with a 

, under the firm name of Briggs & Dunnett. 

was later removed to Wellington street, 

destroyed in the fire of 1894. After this disaster 

nett resumed business along somewhat different 

lUfacturing hats and furs under the firm name 

;t & Crean. His experience in the retail field 

ible to him here, and he followed this line 

or very successfully until his death, after which 

ler carried it forward under his own name, the 

still being in existence. 

years a member of the Toronto Board of 

Dunnett was broadly active in many branch- 

ic advance, laboring zealously for the Liberal 



forces in local elections, although never accepting public 
honors. He was a member of Covenant Lodge, Indepen- 
dent Order of Odd Fellows, of which he was past presi- 
dent. He was a member of the Caledonian Society, of 
the Caithness Society, of which he was also past presi- 
dent, and was a life member of St. Andrew's Society, 
also a member of the Ontario Club. He was for many 
years a director of the "Saturday Night," a weekly 
newspaper. One of his personal tastes often acknow- 
ledged was a fondness for fine horses, and he was highly 
skilled both as a driver and rider. But the interest in 
which Mr. Dunnett always seemed to take the greatest 
delight was philanthropic work, which to him was a 
pleasure rather than a duty. He gave generously to all 
worthy causes, but his especial efforts were for children. 
He sought them out personally, and also was particularly 
interested in the Boys' Home, and the Hospital for Sick 
Children. It is only stating a truism to say that many 
children have grown to useful manhood and womanhood 
who without the inspiration of his friendship would have 
lacked the impetus to high endeavor. On the anniversary 
of Mr. Dunnett's silver wedding, rather than invite his 
wealthy and influential friends to a formal celebration, 
he marked the day by sending out checks to worthy 
institutions. Mr. Dunnett was a man of deep religious 
convictions, and while he lived his religious life in this 
practical way, he also acknowledged his responsibility 
to organized religious advance, and was a member of St. 
Andrew's Presbyterian Church. 

Mr. Dunnett married, in 1875, .lessie McCammon, 
daughter of Robert M. and Christina (Black) Mc- 
Cammon. Mr. McCammon was a native of Ireland, and 
came to Canada in 1830, settling at Kingston, where he 
was active in the baking business for many years, and 
in 1866, when His Royal Highness, the Prince of Wales, 
visited Canada, Mr. McCammon was one of the aldermen 
of Kingston. His wife, Christina (Black) McCammon, 
was the daughter of Alexander Black, an architect, who 
was the designer of the circular staircase, and who built 
the first staircase of that kind in Scotland, at Castle 
Brawl. Mrs. McCammon, who was a woman of spirit, 
used to relate proudly how she made bullets for the King's 
soldiers in the Rebellion of 1837. Her daughter, Mrs. 
Dunnett, survives her husband, cherishing the traditions 
of the family on the other side and on this side the 
Atlantic. 

COLONEL ALFRED TAYLOUR HUNTER— 

Through private practice and legal writings. Colonel 
Hunter has wide professional acquaintance and reputa- 
tion, and in even broader circles is known fo.- military 
activity, which includes long and honorable service in the 
World War. He is a descendant of ancestry including 
Irish, English, Highland, and Huguenot, French for- 
bears, son of John Howard Hunter, who came to Ontario 
from Ireland in the fifties, and for years was a teacher 
in various collegiate institutes in this Province, later, in 
1874, receiving the appointment of superintendent of 
the Ontario Institute for the Blind at Brantford, Ontario. 
This office he filled for seven years, then in 1881 was 
appointed inspector of the department of insurance of 
Ontario, which office "he held until his death, which 
occurred in 1910. He married Annie Gordon, who was 
born in Scotland, and died in Ontario in 1911. 

Alfred Taylour Hunter, son of John Howard and 
Annie (Gordon) Hunter, was born in Dundas, Ontario, 
October 25, 1867. As a boy he attended the schools of 
Dundas, St. Catharines, and Brantford, Ontario, then 
took his matriculation course at the Jarvis Street Colleg- 
iate Institute in Toronto. He was graduated from the 
University of Toronto in the class of 1890, with the 
degree of Bachelor of Laws, and finishing his professional 



174 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



preparation at Osgoode Hall Law School, was called to 
the bar in 1892. He has since conducted a general practice 
of law in Toronto, winning a high position in the pro- 
fession, and during the course of his career has written 
several legal text-books, the one perhaps most widely 
useful, being "Power of Sale Under Mortgage." His 
office is located in the Temple building. 

Colonel Hunter's professional activities have been 
much interrupted by his military duties. He entered 
the York Rangers in 1898, with the rank of lieutenant, 
and remained with this organization until April of 1921, 
when he was appointed to his present rank. His service 
in the World War began in 1914, when he, as one of the 
"Originals," went overseas with the first Canadian con- 
tingent. Serving first with the Fourth Battalion, he was 
left in England in command of a base company, then in 
April, 1915, took a draft to France, where he was wound- 
ed in the second battle of Ypres, while attached to the 1st 
Battalion. He was again with the 4th Battalion at the 
battle of Festubert, then was on various duties in France, 
England, and Canada, until January, 1917, when he was 
returned to France, and was attached to "Princess 
Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry," during operations 
at Vimy Ridge. After being demobilized in October, 
1917, he was appointed lieutenant-colonel, commanding 
the York Rangers in November of the same year. He 
served as lieutenant-colonel dtixing the reorganization 
of the corps, and until his appointment to the command 
of the 25th Infantry Brigade, which position he now 
holds. As an "Original" Colonel Hunter received the 
1914-1915 Star, in addition to which he wears the General 
Service Medal, the Victory Medal, and the Officers' 
Long Service Decoration. He has written several books 
on military matters, and is the author of a "History of 
the York Rangers," also of a chapter on "The Second 
Battle of Ypres," and "Canada in the Great World 
War." 

Colonel Hunter is a member of the Canadian Military 
Institute, and fraternally is widely known. He is a 
member of Cameron Loyal Orange Lodge, No. 613, of 
which he is past master, a life member of St. Andrew's 
Lodge, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, past chief 
ranger of the Court Sherwood Forest, Independent 
Order of Foresters, and a member of the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen. Politically he is a fearless advocate 
of Liberal policies, taking the stand of the Independent 
on many questions, and earlier in life was brought for- 
ward in political affairs. In 1896 he ran as a "McCarthy- 
ite" candidate in West Toronto, but was unsuccessful, 
then was an Independent-Liberal candidate in 1904, 
with the same result. In the general election of 1921, 
he contested West Toronto as an Independent veteran. 
He wields strong influence in the ex-soldier groups, for 
whose welfare he has taken a determined stand, and 
Toronto has no citizen with greater zeal for her best 
good. He is a member of the Ontario Club, and of the 
Argonaut Rowing Club, and is a member of the Presby- 
terian church. 

Colonel Hunter married, in Midland, Ontario, Olive 
May Jeffery of that town, on September 5, 1899, and 
they have four children: Lucy Howard; Roy I^; John 
W. G.; and Kathleen Mary. The charming town house 
is at No. 319 Indian road, and the summer home is at 
Eastbourne, Lake Simcoe, Ontario. 

CHARLES HORACE BURGESS— Among the prom- 
inent business men of Toronto is Charles H. Burgess, 
of C' H. Burgess & Company, government and municipal 
bond dealers, who has financed many Canadian munici- 
palities through the purchasing of their debentures, and 
who has taken an active part in interesting investors in 
Canadian government bonds. 



Born at Niagara Falls, Ontario, January 31, 181 
of Walter Washington and Johan West (M 
Burgess, Mr. Burgess received his education 
Mimico Public School, and then began his bi 
career in association with G. A. Stimson & Compi 
Toronto, which connection he maintained for a 
of five years, from 1896 to 1901. In the latter j 
severed his connection with G. A. Stimson & Cm 
and became identified with the Dominion Set 
Corporation, of Toronto, with whom he remained 
1903, when he accepted a position with W. C. 
(later Brent, Noxon & Company). About sever 
later, October 1, 1909, he engaged in business fo 
self, under the firm name of C. H. Burgess & Cor 
dealing in government and municipal bonds. 1 
built up a large clientele for issues of that nature ai 
a business which extends from the Atlantic Ocean 
Pacific. On January 1, 1914, Mr. Burgess for 
partnership with W. A. Woodstock, and since the 
has continue^ to conduct a steadily growing bt 
Recognized as an expert in his line and as a r 
integrity, he has been called upon to serve as 
in various organizations whose interests are allie 
his field. He was secretary and promoter of th( 
dealers' section of the Toronto Board of Trade, whi 
formed December 11, 1911, and continued to hoi 
office until June, 1916, when the bond dealers" sec 
the Toronto Board of Trade was merged in the 
Dealers' Association of Canada. He was then i 
secretary of the latter organization, which ofl 
continued to fill until the growth of the associatioi 
necessary the appointment of a permanent, s: 
secretary. Mr. Burgess also served as secretary 
Dominion Executive for the management of th( 
paign for the raising of Canada's Victory Loan ir 
and he has been active in various projects for t 
vancement of the public welfare. He has filled thi 
of police magistrate for Peel county. Politicallj 
an Independent, and fraternally is associated wi 
Royal Guardians, the Free and Accepted Masoi 
with the Ancient Order of Foresters. For rec 
he engages in the active sports of bowling, swii 
and canoeing. His religious affiliation is with the 
can church. 

Mr. Burgess married, on September 16, 190! 
Hughene Telfer, daughter of John Alfred and 
(Hughene) Telfer, and they are the parents of fi' 
and one daughter. 

WILLIAM McCANN— The clever and in( 
development of a specialty is often the means of i: 
success, and when such a success is along artisti 
its history forms an interesting phase of presi 
progress. Such an enterprise is the silversmithir 
of William McCann, at the corner of Jarvis and 
streets, in Toronto, where surprising results seer 
merely details of the day's work, especially in 
in which field the plant specializes. Mr. McCa 
originator and proprietor of this business, co 
pioneer Canadian stock, his grandfather, Ezeki 
Cann, having been the seventh settler on the I 
peninsula, in Canada. Thomas McCann, his s 
Mr. McCann's father, who is now deceased, was t 
the first base-ball players in Canada, and for ye 
chief of the Fire Department of Hamilton, Ontai 

William McCann was born in Hamilton, C 
October 25, 1870, and received a limited, althou); 
tical education in the public schools of his nati' 
At the early age of eleven years he left sch( ■' 
entered the employ of the Meriden Britannia Co »i 
at their Hamilton factory, and remained wii 
concern for a period of twenty-three years. Duri 



I 





I 



I to in 1906, ^ 
..i<r King Edwaru . -i 
aking the silver u«-d ih«r» and 

V. .1.-. tlius enr.tci i! fi ;■ :j<-rinci 





n 

. .lis 

hes as 

of hiB 

'•Utibi, his 

■■« in th^ir 



'•24, 

liO. 








/ 



4::^ 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



175 



B Mr. McCann apprenticed himself four times, and 
itered the various branches of silversmithing, and 
le time before leaving the employ of the concern, he 
entire charge of the burnishing and silversmithing 
artments. Also during this period Mr. McCann 
inded the Hamilton School of Arts at the evening 
ions of that institution. This rigorous advance, while 
laced Mr. McCann among the experts in his line 
ndeavor, told upon his health, and for a time he was 
ged to seek employment which would take him out 
oors. Declining to relinquish his chosen line of activ- 
Mr. McCann entered the employ of the Beatty 
!, operating vessels on the Great Lakes, having charge 
le silverware of the steamer "The Empire." During 
summers of 1904-05-06 he followed this work, spend- 
the winters in the employ of the Meriden Britannia 
ipany. Coming to Toronto in 1906, Mr. McCann 
me connected with the King Edward Hotel, as 
rsmith in charge, making the silver used there and 
ling it in repair, and was thus engaged for a period 
velve years. At the suggestion of Mr. O'Neil, the 
iral manager of the King Edward, Mr. McCann 
Ired business for himself as a silversmith, under the 
IS of the William McCann Plating Company, at his 
i-nt address, Nos. 114-116 Jarvis street, Toronto, 
'le work which is done in this interesting spot covers 
lie range in the art of the silversmith. Mr. McCann 
ts to the hotel and steamship trade, no inconsiderable 
fjgate in Toronto, and does all the work in his line 
•he United Hotels Company, which conducts hotels 
ver the Dominion, and United States, taking an 
d interest in the minutest detail of a single piece 
Ever brought to him for re-plating or for the replacing 
sme broken part. Indeed, it is well known by those 
riar with the plant that repairs comprise sixty per 
lof all the work done here, and Mr. McCann takes 
i;eenest delight in the piece of work which is the 
»!; difficult, often achieving the seemingly impossible. 
! lakes many reproductions, often working from only 
jgment of the original piece, and turning out com- 
!1 sets or making missing parts of sets in Sheffield 
li. His work can sometimes be best described by the 
rsvhat colloquial term, rejuvenating, and he has 
n ed many exceedingly interesting commissions in 
isield. He does much in the way of manufacturing, 
omaking special articles to order, individuality in 
5Jn being one of the marked characteristics of his 
T Mr. McCann is also active in special branches as 
nnufacturing jeweler, and in every branch of his 
ir employs only the most expert assistants, his 
c being among the highest paid workers in their 
e 1 the Dominion. The scope of his work reaches from 
A Scotia to Alberta. Mr. McCann is a member of 
3 ational Electro-Platers' Association of the United 
if; and Canada, and of the Independent Order of 
riters. As a young man he was for twelve years a 
!nier of the 13th Royal Regiment at Hamilton, 
itio, and was one of the best rifle shots in the Do- 
n n of Canada. He owns to a hobby which, like his 
cf.on, is an art, painting in oils and water colors. 
! ': a member of the Church of England. 
M McCann married Ellen Burrowes, of Sutton, 
esand they have two daughters: Maude and Vera. 

A13ERT PLENTY— Of English birth and ancestry, 
r. 'lenty was born at Bristol, England, October 5, 
82 son of Theophilus and Jane (Olds) Plenty. He 
:eisd his education in the public schools of his native 
y.hen came to Canada direct from Bristol, at the 
B twenty-three. 

M Plenty arrived at Toronto as a total stranger and 
Icid at the outset from a lack of funds. But he had 



brought some of the abiding capital of the old country 
with him and this soon became apparent in the energy 
with which he entered upon his first work in Ontario. 
He secured a position at the Gurney Foundry Company, 
progressing from this employment to work at the Massey 
Harris Company and later on to the establishment of 
Firstbrook Brothers; he performed the work of a day 
laborer at all three of these places. He then entered the 
service of the Victoria Shoe Company, where in the 
course of the next four years he became an experienced 
shoe operatoi. During the last two years he was with 
the Victoria Shoe Company he was manager of the 
Shoe and Leather Baseball Team and handled the 
affairs of the organization in a manner that commended 
itself to all. A talent for dealing with men, and efficiency 
in producing the best results with the least expenditure 
of time and money, was as demonstratable in this 
connection as in any other, and Mr Plenty was greatly 
en<?ouraged by the success of his management. Less 
handicapped now than he had previously been for lack 
of funds, he determined to find a place for himself in the 
business world of Toronto. In his opinion the real estate 
and insurance business offered him the best opportunity, 
and in due course he accepted a managership with Jose 
& Withers. While acting in this capacity, he carried 
on some very important transfers for the firm and 
profited both in commissions and in experience. In 1910 
he purchased the western holdings of J. C. Gray and for 
the past twelve years he has been actively engaged as an 
independent buyer and seller of Canadian real estate. 

Mr. Plenty is a representative of the White Star, the 
Cunard, C. P. R., and various other steamship lines. 
He was appointed justice of the peace during the official 
term of the late J. P. Whitney, and is an active politician 
and a public speaker who always commands the respect 
of his audience. He has many interests in these later 
days, and one in particular is very gratifying to the 
public. Possessed of a fine voice and a good knowledge 
of music, he often leads a community choir, and in the 
past has assembled as many as five hundred voices. 

Mr. Plenty is an executive officer of the British Wel- 
come League, and a better man could hardly be selected 
for the position. Remembering his first days in Canada 
and the struggle he had to make in order to find his place 
in the community, he is ever on the alert to place in- 
coming Britishers in the way of finding employment or, 
when that is unnecessary, of providing something in the 
way of a welcome for those who come overseas to throw 
in their lot with their Canadian kin. 

Mr. Plenty retains all of his enthusiasm for outdoor 
sports, and especially for baseball. He is honorary vice- 
president of the Ontario Football Association, and each 
year he donates a cup, which is known as the "Plenty 
Cup," to the winning team. He is first vice-president of 
the Bloor and Dovercourt Business Men's Association, 
of Toronto, and belongs to the Toronto Transportation 
Association, and the Toronto Steamship Association. 
He attends the Anglican church, and is a member of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows. His chief recreation 
is soccer football. 

Mr. Plenty married, on September 2, 1905, Louise 
Holtham, who died January 4, 1918. Mr. Plenty has 
three children: Marion, who was born July 14, 1910; 
Phyllis Caville, who was born June 11, 1916; and Dora 
Marne, who was born March 4, 1917. 

CHARLES HERBERT PORTER— In professional 
circles in Toronto Mr. Porter's standing as a barrister 
places him in the front rank. He comes of an old English 
family, and his grandfather, William Porter, came from 
Yorkshire, England, in 1824, settling in Vaughan town- 
ship, York county, Ontario. He was broadly active as a 



176 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



contractor, and in this capacity was identified witli tlie 
construction of the first canals at Welland, Erie, and 
Rideau. William Porter, his son and Mr. Porter's 
father, was born in Vaughan township, and throughout 
his lifetime was engaged in farming in Peel county. 
He was a man of wide prominence in that section, 
was one of the originators of the Peel County Farmers' 
Mutual Fire Insurance Company, of which, for many- 
years, he was president. He was very active in all 
lines of agricultural advance, and was also prominent 
in civic matters, serving in 1875 and in 1884 as warden of 
Peel county. He married Mary Pexton, a descendant 
of a Yorkshire family. 

Charles Herbert Porter, the seventh of the eight 
children of William and Mary (Pexton) Porter, was born 
in Toronto, Gore township, near Brampton, Ontario, 
September 5, 1873, and received his early education 
in the public and high schools of his native county. 
Studying law with the firms of John W. Beynon, K.C. of 
Brampton; Cassells & Standish, and Kilmer & Irving 
of Toronto, he completed his preparation for his chosen 
field with the usual course at Osgoode Hall Law School, 
and was called to the bar on June 2, 1898. Until 1902, he 
was associated with the law firm of Kilmer, Irving & 
Porter, then withdrew from this partnership and prac- 
ticed alone. In 1910 he admitted a partner, and for 
about one year the firm name was Porter & Denison, but 
since 1911 Mr. Porter has practiced alone, handling 
largely a general practice, but doing also much corpora- 
tion work. 

In 1902 Mr. Porter received a commission as lieuten- 
ant of the Royal Grenadiers of Toronto and was later 
promoted to captain but was obliged to resign from that 
organization in 1911 on account of a permanent injury 
received in a street railway accident. He has long been 
well known in political circles, supporting the Liberal 
party, and for several years was secretary of the Central 
York Reform Association. He is a member of the On- 
tario Bar Association, ot the Canadian Military Insti- 
tute, and of the Anglican church. Finding his chief 
relaxation in out-door activities, he holds membership 
in the Weston Golf and Country Club, and in the Canada 
Lawn Bowling Club. 

Mr. Porter married, in Toronto, Isabella Neil of this 
city, on December 19, 1908. They reside at No. 13 
Poplar Plains road. 

HERBERT JAMES HOWE— As the present head 
of the old Canadian firm of Northrop & Lyman Com- 
pany, Ltd., manufacturing druggists, Herbert James 
Howe has the oversight not only of an extensive and 
important business in the Dominion, but of an export 
trade which reaches the Antipodes. Mr. Howe is a son 
of Etna Dean Howe, who was born in Marcellus, New 
York, in June of 1848, and came to Canada as a young 
man. Etna Dean Howe became a part of the Northrop 
& Lyrnan organization in 1877, and wa.< actively identi- 
fied with the concern until he died, in 1920, holding the 
office of president for many years. He married Martha 
Brown, who was born in New Castle, Ontario, July 7, 
1854, and still survives her husband, residing in Toronto. 

Herbert James Howe was born in Toronto, January 1, 
1881, and after attending the public schools of the city, 
spept one year at the British-American College, in a 
business course. Upon leaving school he immediately 
became identified with the concern of which his father 
was president, and beginning in a subordinate capacity, 
he rose to the highest office in the gift of the concern. 
The Northrop & Lyman Company, Ltd., was founded 
in 1854, in New Castle, Ontario, Messrs. Northrop and 
Lyrnan both being natives of the United States. The 
business was removed to Toronto in 1877, when the elder 



Howe became connected with it. It is one of the ol( 
and largest concerns manufacturing drugs and prop 
tary medicines in the Dominion. Their first locatioi 
Toronto was on Scott street, but they soon requi 
larger quarters and removed to No. 21 Front str 
West, which premises they occupied until 1904, when 
building was destroyed by fire. The company then b 
a large structure at No. 86 Richmond street. West, i 
they still own this building, although it was outgn 
some years ago. The continuous growth of the busii 
demanding still more space, they built, in 1916, at 
462 Wellington street, West, a large modern buildi 
consisting of five stories and basement, 50 x 196 fee 
area, which they still occupy. This building is a m( 
of its kind, and equipped with the most modern dev 
for turning out their product. Their own experien 
travelling men represent them throughout Canada, i 
they have a branch in Buffalo, New York, also do 
exceedingly large export business to the West Ind 
parts of South America, New Zealand and Austra 
in which latter country they are represented by 
Charles Markell Company. In their laboratories t' 
have a staff of registered chemists, each an expert in 
line, and no effort or expense is spared to keep the prod 
at the highest possible point of excellence. Mr. H( 
became president of this concern upon the death of 
father in 1920, and has well demonstrated his abil 
to cope with large affairs. 

A member of the Toronto Board of Trade, Mr. He 
takes only the interest of the citizen in ptiblic affa 
and supports the Conservative party. His clubs inch 
the Empire, the Canadian, the Commonwealth, 
Lakeshore Country and Parkdale Canoe clubs. He 
a member of the Presbyterian church. 

Mr. Howe married, in Toronto, in 1905, Mona Hugl 
daughter of John and Julia (Kirkwood) Hughes, 
father long since deceased. Mr. and Mrs. Howe h 
three children: Rhoda Elizabeth, Kirkwood Brown, i 
Richard Dean. The family residence is at No. : 
Russell Hill road. 



JOHN E. L. KEYES, M.B.— A veteran of the Wi 
War, in which he served continuously from the begini 
until the end of hostilities, and one of the best kn( 
among the younger members of the Dominion med 
fraternity, Dr. Keyes was born at Barrie, Ontr 
October 23, 1887. He was educated at the Univer 
of Toronto, from which he was graduated in 1908, 
at the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeon: 
Edinburgh, from which he was graduated in 1913. 
holds the degree of Bachelor of Medicine, and is a li 
tiate of the Royal College of Physicians, the R 
College of Surgeons, and the Royal Faculty of Physit 
and Surgeons. | 

One of the first to offer his services. Dr. Keyes enlil 
for service in the World War in 1914. He went ovei' 
at the outbreak of the war, and served with the Imp 
army of France. He received his discharge in Ort ^ 
1919. With the coming of peace, he returned to nr 
practice and is rapidly coming to the front as oi 
Toronto's leading physicians. He is an active memfc 
the Canadian Academy of Medicine and a keen stu 
of all matters pertaining to his profession. 

In religious faith. Dr. Keyes is a Presbyterian. 
a member of the Masonic order. He finds his 
recreation in yachting and golfing, and belongs t 
Royal Canadian Yacht Club and to the Missis:* 
Golf Club. He is unmarried. 



i 



WILLIAM REEVES FLEMING— In the wt « 
finance in Ontario, Mr. Fleming is widely knov * 
managing director of the Canadian Debenture C ■ 



i 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



177 



1, Limited. He is a son of Thomas A. and Elizabeth 
eves) Fleming, of Chicago, lUinoi'j, his father, who 
many years has been in the auditing business, was 
lerly chief accountant for Massey, Harris Company, 
hat city. 

[r. Fleming was born in Buffalo, New York. Re- 
ing his education in the city of Toronto, he entered 
n his career with G. A. Stimson & Company, brnd 
ers of this city, and was thus engaged for four 
rs. Thereafter going north, Mr. Fleming became 
itified with the firm of Graves, Bigwood & Company, 
;he lumber business, having charge of their office 
a period of ten years. Returning to Toronto in 1914 
re-entered the bond business, and later became 
etary of the Bond Dealers' Association of Canada, 
ch office he held until 1919. At that time he was 
ointed manager of the bond department of The 
ne Bank of Canada, then in 1920, when the Canadian 
lenture Corporation was reorganized, Mr. Fleming 
ime associated with this company and was made its 
laging director, which position he now holds. The 
adian Debenture Corporation, Limited, was organized 
received its charter in the year 1910, and its activities 
Ude the sale of government and municipal bonds and 
(oration secu.ities, but it specializes in the financing 
British Canadian industrial enterprises. They are 
Ig a wide-reaching and constructive work, and many 
inces of successful negotiations of this nature stand 
heir credit. 

1 influential member of the Toronto Board of 
le, Mr. Fleming's personal interests include member- 
in the Masonic order, and the Ontario Club. He 
recreation in golf and bowling, being a member of 
■nhill Golf and Country Club, and is a member of 
ie Church. 

r. Fleming married, in 1906, Margaret George 
Mice, of Gait, Ontario, daughter of the late Talbot 
ren "Torrance, a prominent newspaper man. Mr. and 
Fleming are the parents of three children: Torrance 
mder; William Reeves; and Lois. 

HOMAS LANGTON— A barrister of the first rank 

' credited with valuable public service, Thomas 

1! t n had wide interests outside of his profession, and 

'ng notable legal achievement in the story of his 

i record of devoted and useful participation in 

itional, religious and philanthropic work. He was a 

of cultured, scholarly tastes, finding ever his 

tion in study, yet with the pronounced inclinations 

student were mixed practical qualities that made 

valuable counsellor when affairs of administration 

executive management were under discussion. 

lany years he held place among the leaders of his 

Ion, and in Toronto's legal annals, as in the hearts 

many friends, his record stands as that of a gentle- 

listinguished in uprightness, as a lawyer of uni'sual 

>inas Langton was a son of John and Lydia (Duns- 

Langton, natives of England, who came to Canada, 

Langton becoming auditor-general of Quebec 

itario and vice-chancellor of 'Toronto University. 

Langton was born in Fenelon, Blyth township, 

iq. May 5, 1849, and after attending public schools 

advanced studies in Upper Canada College 

DTOnto University. From the last named institution 

slved the degree of B.A., with honors in classics in 

"HM.A. in 1871, and LL.B. in 1874. He was called 

ir in 1872 and in that year began practice, being 

King's Counsel in 1890. For many years he was 

J partner of Sir Oliver Mowat and Hon. James 

nan as Mowat, Langton & Maclennan, and in his 

erfears was head of this firm. In addition to a con- 



nection with important and far-reaching litigation which 
made him widely known throughout the province, he 
was also noted for his work as an author in collaboration 
with G. S. Holmested, their joint labors resulting in two 
valuable volumes, "Judicature Act of Ontario," and 
"Consolidated Rules and Practice and Procedure of the 
Supreme Court of Canada." In 1900-02 Mr. Langton 
served as secretary of the Ontario Royal Commission 
Respecting Assessment and Taxation, discharging these 
weighty responsibilities with conspicuous ability. 

Mr. Langton was at one time a member of the council 
of the Toronto University Alumni Association, and also 
served as a member of the executive board of WycUfF 
College. He was a church warden of the Anglican Church 
of the Ascension, and was frequently a delegate to the 
synod. All forms of missionary work made strong appeal 
to him and he was active in furthering its ends, and he 
was also deeply interested in the Bible and Prayer Book 
Society. He was a botanist, learned and enthusiastic, 
and found great enjoyment in this study, specializing 
in mushrooms and becoming an amateur authority on the 
order agaricus. He was also fond of photography 
and was keenly appreciative of work of artistic merit in 
this field. His clubs were the Toronto and Toronto Golf. 

Mr. Langton married, January 11, 1882, Laura 
Mowat, daughter of Sir Oliver Mowat, K.C.M.G., and 
Jane (Ewart) Mowat. Mrs. Langton has long been 
interested in charitable and religious work in the city 
and province and was formerly a member of the board of 
directors oi the Dominion Council of the Young Women's 
Christian Association. 

Thomas Langton died in Toronto, December 11, 1914. 
It is from such sons of the Dominion as he, from the 
records of their stalwart strength in well-doing, that 
inspiration and example may be derived for the solution 
of the problems of the present. 

ED HARRINGTON is president of the Pannill 
Door Company, Ltd,, one of the most active and pro- 
gressive industrial organizations in the city of Toronto, 
which in its comparatively brief history has won a note- 
worthy position in the building trades. The business 
was founded as a partnership in May, 1919, but its 
growth was such that in 1920 it was incorporated, in the 
month of December. The concern are manufacturers 
and jobbers of doors and sash, and their business, which 
was started on a very small scale, has grown to be the 
largest in this field in Ontario, their business extending 
throughout the Province. These young men began with a 
small office and warehouse, and did all the work of 
manufacture themselves. Now their three warehouses 
have a combined floor space of about 10,000 square feet, 
and they keep many employees constantly busy, the 
office and factory being located at No. 131 Front street. 
East. The personnel of the company is as follows: 
Ed Harrington, president, Hunter Pannill, vice-president 
and secretary-treasurer. 

Hunter Pannill, vice-president and secretary-treasurer 
of the company, was bom in Chatham, Virginia, in 
February, 1886, and is a son of David H. and Augusta 
Pannill, for many years residents of Chatham, his father 
being a prominent Virginia attorney, now deceased. 
Acquiring his early education in the public schools of 
his native town, Hunter Pannill completed his education 
in the Danville Military Institute. For the next five 
years he was with the Aluminum Company of America, 
in New York City and Pittsburgh, then in 1912 came to 
"Toronto, as oflice manager of the Northern Aluminum 
Company, Limited, and remained with that company 
until 1915. Then enlisting in the Canadian Army, Mr 
Pannill served first with the 97th Battalion and later 
with the 38th Battalion, in France. Still later he was 



178 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



transferred from the infantry to the Flying Corps. He 
was twice wounded, first on April 9, 1917, at Vimy 
Ridge, (while still with the infantry regiment,) then in 
September, 1917, he was shot down while flying. On 
the occasion of the first wound he was awarded the 
Military Cross. Having enlisted with the rank of 
lieutenant, he was promoted to captain, which rank he 
held at the time of his discharge in March, 1919. Mr. 
Pannill is single, and is a member of the Aero Club of 
Toronto, and of Beaches Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons. He resides at No. 189 Huron street, Toronto. 
Ed Harrington, president of the Pannill Door Com- 
pany, Limited, was born in Columbus, Ohio, January 25, 
1888, and is a son of Ellsworth and Ida (Fleming) 
Harrington, both natives of Alton, Ohio. His father was 
a cabinet-maker there for a number of years, and later 
was a general merchant at Memphis, Tennessee. As a 
boy Mr. Harrington attended the public schools of 
Columbus, and finished his education at the Ohio State 
University, a member of the class of 1910. Thereafter 
for two years he was associated with his father in his 
general store at Memphis, then acted as manager of 
the door and sash department for Cousins & Fearn, of 
Columbus, Ohio. In 1913 Mr. Harrington came to 
Toronto, to become sales manager for the Canada 
Lumber Company, with which concern he was connected 
for a short time. In 1914 he opened his office in the line 
of lumber brokerage, but early in 1915 gave up his 
business to enlist in the Canadian Army. He was first 
with the 97th Battalion of Infantry, and went with 
them to England, where he was assigned to the 7th 
Reserve Depot, Princess Patricia Light Infantry. 
Remaining with this command until the summer of 
1917, Mr. Harrington was then returned to Canada, and 
assigned for duty as deputy inspector of Dominion 
police, of Ottawa, having as his district the Niagara 
Peninsula. He enlisted as provisional lieutenant, and 
was promoted to the rank of major, serving until the 
close of the war, when he was discharged from active 
service, but still holds the office of major of the Reserve 
Corps. Fraternally, Mr. Harrington holds membership 
in Ross Robertson Lodge, No. 545, Free and Accepted 
Masons, and Antiquity Chapter, No. 91, Royal Arch 
Masons. His college fraternity is the Sigma Kappa 
Phi. 



JOHN HENRY INGE— In a generation past, as in the 
present, the name of Ince was prominently known in 
the business circles of Toronto, William Ince, father 
of a present day representative, having been widely 
acquainted as a member of the wholesale grocery firm 
of Perkins, Ince & Company, president of the Toronto 
Board of Trade in 1887, and director of the Dominion 
Bank. William Ince died in 1905. 

John Henry Ince was born in Toronto, May 13 1871. 
His education was obtained at Trinity College School, 
Port Hope, and at Trinity College, Toronto. After 
leaving college he spent some time in iron and steel 
manufacturing plants in Buffalo, New York, and from 
1906 to 1910 he was associated with the Department of 
Public Works of the Insular Government of Porto 
Rico, as assistant commissioner of the interior. In 1910 
Mr. Ince returned to Toronto, and shortly afterward 
became secretary and treasurer of the Toronto Hardware 
Company, whose affairs he now supervises in the office 
of general manager. 

This concern had its inception in 1880, when J. Harry 
Paterson and Mr. Rabjohn formed the firm of Paterson 
& Rabjohn, for the manufacture of hardware. Not long 
afterward Mr. Rabjohn disposed of his interest and 
George Gouinlock entered the firm, which then became 
the Toronto Hardware Manufacturing Company, loca- 



ted at No. 1100 Queen street, West. The nature of t 
company's product gradually changed, and eventual 
the manufacture of open fireplaces, grates, mantli 
tiles, and similar commodities became the leadi 
interest. Subsequently, the production of cast in 
soil pipe and fittings was taken up, and later there w 
added a line of galvanized range boilers. The old qu; 
ters were outgrown in the steady expansion of the bu 
ness and in 1902 property was bought at Dufferin stre 
adjoining the Grand Trunk railway tracks, where t 
group of specially designed buildings was erected. , 
this time the company's product was chiefly cast ir^ 
soil pipe and fittings and range boilers. In 1915 i/i 
Goninlock's death occurred and Mr. Paterson becai 
sole proprietor. In 1918 a limited company was forme 
with J. H. Paterson as president, an office that he fill 
until his death, February 4, 1921, when his wife succee 
ed him. The company's buildings occupy a tract 4 
by 130 feet, with yards on the Grand Trunk railway, ai 
150 people are employed. During the World War, t 
company, working in co-operation with the Munitio 
Board and designated contractors, devoted its effoi 
toward supplying hospitals, munitions factories ai 
depots with its product, and in this service a high poi 
of efficiency and satisfaction was reached. 

Mr. Ince, upon whom devolves important responi 
bilities in the company's affairs, is a member of t 
Canadian Manufacturers' Association, the Board 
Trade, Dominion Credit Exchange, Employers' Crec 
Association, and the Canadian Foundries & Met 
Trades Association. His social memberships are in t! 
Victoria Club, Toronto Hunt Club, Eglington Hu 
Club, Toronto Skating Club, and Ontario Jockey Clu 
He is treasurer of the House of Industry, deeply co 
cerned in all of its work, and is a member of Old "Trini 
Anglican Church. Mr. Ince married Kathryn Roi 
berger, of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. 

CHARLES L. BENEDICT was born at St. Andrev 
Argenteuil county, Quebec, the son of the late Geor 
Norton and Eliza (Beattie) Benedict, his forebef 
being prominent among the first pioneers of the Otta* 
Valley, where they settled after the close of the Americ 
Revolutionary War. His ancestor, Thomas Benedi 
of Nottinghamshire (the last of four generations of t 
name in England), left its shores (as did his Huguei 
ancestors over a century before, the shores of continen 
Europe) to escape the religious persecutions of the tini 
and landed in Massachusetts bay in 1639, where he a 
his descendants played an important part in the ea 
history of the New England colonies, and from whor 
numerous and distinguished progeny have descended 

His grandfather. Major Charles Benedict saw sen 
with the Argenteuil Rangers in the War of 1812-18 
his great-grandfather. Lieutenant Peter Benedict, t! 
a student at Yale College, leaving it to enlist in 
Revolutionary War and was at the siege of St. Jot 
Quebec, afterwards settling at St. Andrews, Quel 
where he was magistrate in the Seigniory of Argent 
for sixteen years, and which position his son, (Ma 
Charles, filled after him. 

Thomas Benedict, his English progenitor's namf 
interspersed throughout the early archives and hisi 
of the New England colonies, including New Y 
Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, and I 
Island, and was one of the founders of Elizabeth, ! 
Jersey, and Danbury, Connecticut. In 1650, with 
celebrated Captain Mason, he was one of the com 
sioners appointed by the General Court to adjust betv 
the two great Indian chiefs, Uncas, chief of the 'J 
hegans, and the Mohansick sachem of Long Isl'ij 
the feudal strife which had long embroiled the col • 



i 



ITS 



trans-' rrc : (torn the infantr 



■i) 
M 

s a 



West. The 



■ in ol 
; later 
nrtdc '■ i ur:( oi i;H!Vaiif;^f,i'i rang-' noMcrs. The 
tere were outgrown in the steady expansion of 1 
• "' - and in 1902 property was bought at Duff( 
iiiing the Grand Trunk railway tracks, 
I of :ii)p<Ti'!v designed buHdincs was erwt- 
•any s pn^ 
-iS and ru 
G*«iiiil.'i.n. 8 death occurred and Mr. Pate. 
Mi« propri«tor. In 1918 a limited company 
wHV •■ " terson as president, an of" 
tt0t . February 4, 1 92 1 , whei . 

company's buildings occ,^, ,, ^ 
tfa yards on the Grand Trunk niSt 
fi«tiUA-M. Diirinf? tho World ^ 




lor 



.a su-;! -.Ktition was reacix-'n. 
ipon wh(Ku devolves imports. 

. . - .. •.. ..ct^: :,. .. . — 



1917, A! 



of 

ar, 



■N lagara 

■nt, and 

'■' the 

:ive 

■: vfi 



..'> Hi the 
lown in 



>, Tuionl 

.) Skating 

:s treasurer of the House oi 

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BIOGRAPHICAL 



179 



1 1664 after the surrender of New York by the Dutch 
ivernor, Stuyvesant, to the RoyaUsts under Colonel 
fterward governor) Richard Nichols, Thomas Benedict 
IS one of the chosen delegates to what is considered 
e first Legislative body convened in New York under 
e British; was one of the forty-two who comprised 
e list of freeman in 1669 ; selectman for seventeen years, 
id represented Norwalk in the General Assembly in 
70 and again in 1675, in both of which offices he was 
cceeded by his son, John, in 1722 and 1725, and in 
m by his grandson. Captain James, who represented 
idgefield, Connecticut, in 1740 to 1745. The church, 
ate, army, bar and general professional business life 

his adopted country have all been adorned by the 
scendants of Thomas Benedict, their Puritan ancestor, 
d their names appear in every muster roll from King 
liilip's War to the greatest civil war of all times. 
Charles L. Benedict received most of his education in 
\i native village, which he left at an early age to engage 
i his life's activities, and after various experiences 
ined the staff of the Bank of Montreal, in Montreal, 
ith whom he remained for many years, seeing service 
1 most of its important branches, and leaving while 
imager of the Seigneurs street branch, Montreal, to 
jiume his present position as president and manager 
[ the "5 in 1" Letter-envelope Company, Ltd., organ- 
id to exploit the "5 in 1" combination letter-envelope 
/ented and developed by him while with the bank, 
Ed which is in very general use among banks in Canada, 
ad has revolutionized routine correspondence methods, 
'le plant, which is located at No. 333 Adelaide street, 
^est, is equipped with special machinery, most of which 
Is been developed by Mr. Benedict. 

In the various interests of life, civic, social, and re- 
C'ative, Mr. Benedict is a well known figure. While 
cinected with the Winnipeg branch of the Bank of 
bntreal, he was an officer of the 90th Rifles, and a well 
kown rifle shot. He is now a member of the Canadian 
lanufacturers' Association, the Toronto Board of 
lade, the Toronto Club, the Toronto Golf Club, the 
(itario Jockey Club, the Empire Club, the Canadian 
(jb, the Toronto Skating Club, the Rideau Lakes 
J^uatic and Protective Association, the Ontario Motor 
lague, St. George's Society, and a member of the 
Jisonic order. He is a Conservative in politics and an 
^ glican in religious belief. His summer home. Trout 
land, Rideau Lake, is one of the beauty spots of that 
fnous region where with his family he spends his 
s Timers, and enjoys an enviable reputation as an ardent 
ad skilful fisherman. 

Mr. Benedict married, in June, 1897, Mary Isabel 
J^Laren, second daughter of the late Hon. Peter 
>:Laren, senator of Canada, and has a family consisting 
oa daughter and a son; Doris S., and Peter McLaren. 

CHARLES HENRY RITCHIE— Among the former 
p)minent members of the legal profession in Canada, 
wo have finished their work and left the scene of their 
li'Ors, is Charles Henry Ritchie, deceased, who for many 
yirs was one of the leaders of the Canadian bar, who 
s<ved on numerous important commissions, and 
ruresented the Dominion Government before the New 
>rk State Senate Committee onlndian Affairs when the 
cims of the Canadian Cayuga Indians against the State 
oNew York were presented. 

3orn in Quebec in 1851, son of the late C. H. and 
Ctharine (Scott) Ritchie, Charles Henry Ritchie 
rieiyed his education in the Toronto grammar school 
ai in the Jarvis Collegiate Institute. He then began 
t.;^ study of law under the direction of H. B. Morfie, 
aJ five years later was called to the bar, passing the 
eiminations in 1872. He immediately engaged in 



practice, alone for a time, and later in association with 
Sir James Edgar, K.C.M.G., and with Mr. Fenton, 
under the firm name of Edgar, Fenton & Ritchie. Upon 
the death of Mr. Fenton, the firm became Edgar, Ritchie 
& Malone, and this association was maintained until 
Sir James Edgar went into politics, when a new partner- 
ship was formed, the firm name becoming Ritchie, 
Ludwig & Ballantyne, of which Mr. Ritchie was senior 
partner until the time of his death, October 3, 1916. 
In 1885 Mr. Ritchie was created Queen's Counsel, 
(Marquis of Lansdowne) ; in 1891 he was elected a bench- 
er of the Law Society of Upper Canada, and again 
successively in 1896, 1901, 1906, and in virtue of the 
fact that he had been thus honored by his professional 
associates in five successive quinquennial elections, he 
became an ex-officio bencher. In 1912 he was offered 
the position of chief justice of the Common Pleas 
Division of the High Court of Ontario, which he declined, 
preferring to continue in the practice of his profession. 
He had, however, become one of the leaders of the 
Canadian bar, and as such was called upon to serve on 
various important, delicate and difficult commissions 
and committees. He represented the Dominion Govern- 
ment at the investigation before the New York Senate 
Committee on Indian Affairs when the claims of the 
Canadian Cayuga Indians against the State of New 
York, arising out of the treaties of 1789 and 1795, were 
presented; he was the third arbitrator in the dispute 
between the Street Railway Company and the city of 
Toronto as to the amount to be paid by the city on taking 
over the street railway system; was counsel for the 
Dominion Government on certain claims heard before 
the board of arbitration appointed by statute to adjust 
the unsettled accounts between the Dominion Govern- 
ment and the provinces of Ontario and Quebec; one of 
the honorary commissioners appointed by the Ontario 
Government to frame general rules for carrying out the 
provisions of the Law Courts Act, in 1895, and to revise 
and consolidate the rules of practice in the High Court; 
counsel for the Senate of Canada in the investigation 
before a special committee respecting certain charges 
preferred by H. H. Cook, in 1901; legal adviser for On- 
tario before the Interprovincial Conference of 1910, 
held in Ottawa. In all these important and difficult 
legal adjustments, Mr. Ritchie discharged his duties 
with rare skill and in a spirit of fairness and equity which 
won for him the highest esteem of both the contesting 
groups as well as of his professional associates. As one 
of the leaders of the Canadian bar he exerted a wide and 
beneficent influence in the interest of unswerving in- 
tegrity and unfailing equity in details, as well as in the 
general principles and decisions of legal practice. He 
was elected president of the York County Law Associa- 
tion in 1897, and of the Ontario Law Association in 1911. 
With all his numerous and exacting responsibilities, Mr. 
Ritchie found time for club affiliations. He was presi- 
dent of the Albany Club for many years, was a member 
of the Toronto Club, and of the Ontario Jockey Club, of 
which he was solicitor, and took an active part in many 
projects for the advancement of the public welfare. 
Politically, he gave his support to the Conservative 
party, in the activities of which he was prominent, and 
his religious affiliation was with the Church of the Re- 
deemer, Anglican. 

The words of Right Hon. Sir John Thompson, Prime 
Minister of Canada, express better, perhaps, than could 
any others, the esteem in which Mr. Ritchie was held 
among his professional associates. "A man of the highest 
legal attainment who would grace the most exalted 
judicial positions, and who has my entire confidence." 

On September 20, 1883, Charles H. Ritchie married, at 
Blyth, County of Huron, Ontario, f Margaret Scott 



180 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



Ritchie, daughter of Gideon Ritchie, a civil engineer, 
and Margaret (Scott) Ritchie. Mrs. Ritchie was vice- 
president of the Ladies', Board ot the Western Hospital. 
Mr. and Mrs. Ritchie became the parents of six children: 
Kathleen Scott; Charles Forsythe, barrister, deceased; 
Beatrice Eleanor; Marjorie Augusta; Henry Scott, 
who during the World War served overseas with the 
R. N. Flying Corps, and is now a barrister and solicitor; 
and Evelyn. 

WILLIAM BELFRY HENDRY, D.S.O., B.A., 
M.B., F.A.C.S. — Medical practitioner and educator 
of Toronto, Dr. Hendry pursues professional work in the 
city of his birth, and has gained leading reputation as a 
specialist in gynaecology. Toronto has long known the 
family name, his father, William John Hendry, a native 
of the city, a school master, and for many years secre- 
tary of the Ontario Educational Association. 

Dr. William B. Hendry was born October 27, 1874, 
and after attending public schools and the Parkdale 
Collegiate Institute, was graduated from the University 
of Toronto in 1895 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. 
In 1904 he received his degree in medicine from the 
Medical College of the University, and for a year and a 
half thereafter was an interne in the Toronto General 
Hospital. His establishment in general practice followed 
this service, and in 1912 he began to specialize in gyn- 
secology and obstetrics. He is now chief obstetrician and 
gynaecologist in the Toronto General Hospital, and is 
professor of gynaecology and obstetrics in the University 
of Toronto. 

Dr. Hendry enlisted in the medical department of the 
Canadian Army early in the World War, and in 1915 
went overseas with No. 4 Canadian General Hospital, 
Canadian Army Medical Corps. From 1916 to 1919 
he commanded that unit with the rank of colonel, serving 
at Salonica and in England, and compiled a distinguished 
record with this unit, being twice mentioned in dispatches 
and receiving the D.S.O. 

Dr. Hendry is a member of the Academy of Medicine 
of Toronto, the Ontario Medical Association, the 
Canadian Medical Association, the American Medical 
Association, and the American Association of Endocrin- 
ology. He is interested in all sports, particularly golf and 
tennis, and is a member of the Toronto Lawn Tennis 
Club, Scarboro Golf Club, Royal Canadian Yacht 
Club, and the Canadian Military Institute. He is a 
member of the Westminster Presbyterian Church. 

Dr. Hendry married, at Toronto, Elizabeth Robert- 
son McMichael, daughter of John McMichael, hardware 
manufacturer, and they are the parents of two children, 
William John and George Ainslie. 

THOMAS HENRY SHIPWAY— For over two 
generations the business of the Shipway Iron, Bell and 
Wire Manufacturing Company, founded by Charles 
R. Shipway, father of Thomas Henry Shipway. the 
present president of the company, has been one of the 
important manufacturing enterprises of Canada. 

Thomas Henry Shipway was born in Toronto, in 
March, 1858, son of Charles Robert and Elizabeth 
fDean) Shipway. Charles Robert Shipway was born 
in London, England, but in 1855, shortly after his 
marriage he came to Toronto, and in 1856, just one year 
later, he founded the business which eventually became 
the Shipway Iron, Bell and Wire Manufacturing Com- 
pany for the purpose of manufacturing ornamental iron, 
iron stairs, fences, fire escapes, and wire-work. The busi- 
ness first occupied quarters on Yonge street, opposite 
Trinity Square, but during the notorious Fenian raids, 
organized in 1856 with aims similar to the present Sein 
Fein, it was destroyed by fire. However, it was soon re- 



built and the present building at 700 Wellington stre« 
West, houses this constantly growing industry. 

Thomas Henry Shipway attended the Model schoo 
in Toronto, but when only sixteen years old he showi 
such an aptitude for the business of iron manufacturii 
that his father took him into the organization wii 
him. He soon proved his special fitness for the woi 
and when he was twenty-seven his father relinquish( 
much of his own responsibility and made Thorn; 
managing head. At present his son John R. is manage 
William E. is assistant manager, Charles R. is secretai 
and treasurer, while Albert Frank, another son, 
superintendent of erection. 

Thomas Henry Shipway is a strong Liberal and 
keenly interested in the political development of h 
native city, but he has never been persuaded to ocfei 
office. He is a communicant of the Church of En;; !an 
although his father and mother were members of tl 
Baptist church. He is affiliated with the Independei 
Order of Foresters, the Ancient Order United Workme 
and the Commercial Travellers' Association. 

In 1878 he married Mary Ann Anderson of Toront 
They have four sons: Charles R., John R., William E 
and Albert Frank, all of whom are associated in busine 
with their father, and two daughters: Edith, niarrii 
Walker McLaren of Toronto; Emily, married Erne 
Stiff of Toronto. 



HARRIP CHARLES TUGWELL, who holds 
position of prominence in the business world of Toron 
has for more than thirty-four years been identified wi( 
the progress of photography, as a dealer in photograph 
supplies of all kinds, and for more than fifteen years h 
been at the head of the firm which, during that perio 
has been and still is known as H. C. "Tugwell & Compan 
Ltd. 

Mr. Tugwell was born in London, England, Janua 
11, 1866, and prepared for his career in the educatior 
institutions of Belfast and Dublin, Ireland. Coming 
Canada at the age of eighteen years, Mr. Tugwell 
once became a resident of the city of Toronto, and I 
a few years was employed along various lines of endeav 
with different concerns. In the course of this time 
became deeply interested in the breadth of opportun 
presented by the constantly increasing popularity 
photography, both as an art and as a pastime for an 
teurs. He entered the firm of H. F. Sharpe & Compa' 
as partner, and was with that house until the dei 
of Mr. Sharpe. Then in 1906 he reorganized the busini 
carrying it forward under the name of H. C. Tugw 
& Company, Ltd., and at the same time receiving t 
partners, the personnel of the company being as folio 
President, H. C. Tugwell; vice-president, Walter 
Buchanan; secretary and treasurer, Andrew S. E 
Mr. Buchanan and Mr. Bee are both native-born Ca 
dians, and had previously been connected with 
business in one capacity or another. They have si 
remained with the concern, leaving the managemi 
however, entirely in the hands of Mr. Tugwell. ' ' 
concern is the only one in Canada devoting their att ■ 
tion exclusively to photographic supplies, and they '■ 
doing a very extensive business, reaching into all p > 
of the Dominion. Fraternally Mr. Tugwell is ^ ' 
prominent in the Masonic order, being a member of e\ " 
Masonic body represented in Toronto. He is a men ( 
of the Ontario Club, of the Caledon Mountain Club, i 
of the Kiwanis Club, being actively interested ins 
work. 

Mr. Tugwell married, on June 20, 1894, Anne 
Warnock, of Toronto, daughter of the late Matt ' 
Warnock. They have one son, Harrip Warnock, 1 " 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



181 



ay 22, 1900, and is now associated with his father in 

siness. 



JOHN A. McANDREW— Associated throughout his 
ig legal career with important business interests, and 
an official referee terminating the activities of several 
rporations that had fallen into difficulties, Mr. Mc- 
idrew has been equally prominent in his profession, 
d in the world of affairs. He is now senior member of 
2 firm of McAndrew, James & Evans, a partnership 
med in 1920, which is numbered among the successful, 
IHmowB professional firms of Toronto. Mr. Me- 
drew is a son of John McAndrew, a native of Argyll- 
re, Scotland, who came to Canada in 1842, settling 
Renfrew, Ontario, where he became a general merch- 
t. He married Mary Torney, born in Richmond, 
tario, daughter of Irish parents. Mr. and Mrs. 
^Andrew, both deceased, were the parents of two sons 
i two daughters now surviving. The other son is 
i*- in business in Renfrew, the daughters, residents of 
ironto. 

fohn A. McAndrew was born in Renfrew, Ontario, 
cember 27, 1859, and was educated in the public 
. ools. Upper Canada College, and the University of 
'ronto, being graduated from the last-named institu- 
ii in 1881, receiving the degree of Bachelor of Arts, 
.1 a gold medal in metaphysics. During 1881 and 
12 he pursued post-graduate studies in the University 
I Edinburgh, then returned to Canada and became 
icled to Sir William Mulock as a law student. In 1885 
I was called to the bar, entering the firm of Lawrence, 
iUiken & McAndrew, in 1886 withdrawing from this 
■ nection to return to Renfrew, where he continued in 
I fessional activity. From this district he was elected 
(ihe Provincial Legislature in 1886, serving until 1890 
,ia Liberal. In 1889 he again took up his residence 
1)1 professional work in Toronto, becoming a member of 
1 firm of Ross, Cameron & McAndrew, of which Sir 
jW. Ross was senior member. Mr. McAndrew was 
i)iointed taxing officer. Supreme Court of J'udicature, 
);ario, in 1892; in 1899 was appointed a registrar of 
i High Court of Justice, Ontario; in 1902 inspector 
ifcgal offices for Ontario; and in 1903 registrar of the 
/irt of Appeals and the Supreme Court of Judicature, 
),ario, resigning from the last office in 1908. While 
niector of legal offices Mr. McAndrew received a 
cimission as official referee, which he still (1921) 
e.ins. Upon resigning from the registrar's office he 
eimed private practice in Toronto as a member of the 
in of Kilmer, McAndrew & Irving, a partnership 
fch endured until 1912, when Mr. McAndrew was one 
if group organizing the Abitibi Pulp & Paper Company, 
ifvhich he was elected secretary and general counsel, 
;i ng up private practice to devote himself entirely to 
h company's interests. For nearly two years he gave 
litime and efforts to the Abitibi Company and then, 
rm 1914 to 1920, was active in the organization of a 
iviber of enterprises in northern Ontario, principally 
n:he mining industry, serving these companies as 
oisel during and subsequent to incorporation. During 
n same period, in his capacity of official referee, he 
:K,ed up the affairs of several large enterprises, including 
h Farmers' Bank, the Ontario Bank, the Monarch 
iik, the Imperial Paper Mills, and the Dryden Pulp 
i 'aper Company. 

^ 1 1920, as head of the firm of McAndrew, James & 
•-■\J\B, Mr. McAndrew again took up general practice 
vii offices at No. 15 Toronto street, and in 1921 he 
va created a King's Counsel. He is a member of the 
Jririo Bar Association and the Canadian Bar Associa- 
ic and occupies a place of usefulness and honor in his 
iriession. He fraternizes with the Masonic order in 



Ionic Lodge No. 25, and his clubs are the National, 
Ontario Jockey, and Royal Canadian Yacht. Mr. 
McAndrew is the author of "Tariff of Costs," published 
in 1899, and has been spoken of by one of his contem- 
poraries. Sir G. W. Ross, as "a man of proved capacity." 
He is a member of the Presbyterian church. 

John A. McAndrew married, in April, 1888, Laura 
Evans, of St. Louis, Missouri, and they are the parents 
of one daughter, Laureda. The family home is at 
No. 80 Binscarth road. 



WILLIAM FORRESTER MOORE— One of the 

significant enterprises of the city of Toronto, standing 
in a position behind the industries, is the business of 
Moore Brothers, machinists, whose work is the building 
of general machinery for various purposes. They are 
the sons of John Moore, deceased, of Stratford, Ontario. 

William Forrester Moore, the head and founder of 
this business, was born in Stratford, Ontario, January 22, 
1880, and received his education in the public schools of 
his native town, supplemented by a course at business 
college there, and a spare time course later, through the 
International Correspondence School of Scranton, 
Pennsylvania, in mechanical engineering. These later 
studies were, of course, while Mr. Moore was actively 
engaged in the world of industry. Meanwhile, at the 
age of thirteen years, he began working as a farm hand, 
but with his future definitely mapped out, soon secured 
a more congenial position, entering the Grand Trunk 
railway shops in the capacity of machinist's apprentice. 
There he remained for five years, then in 1900 came to 
Toronto to enter the machine shop of the Northey 
Hydraulic Works. He was later with William and J. 
G. Gray, as machinist for a considerable period, and dur- 
ing the last seven years of his connection with that 
firm, acted as foreman of their machine shop. In 1912 
Mr. Moore established the present business, in partner- 
ship with his brother, George James Moore, locating 
at No. 61 Nelson street, in half the present space. The 
growth of the business was steady and permanent, and 
in 1919 the company purchased the adjoining property. 
They now occupy a space 80 x 76 feet, comprising two 
two-story-and-basement structures, modernly equipped 
for their special requirements. In the beginning the 
two brothers did the entire work of the plant and office, 
but they now employ twenty people. They build general 
machinery, their regular list including grain grinders, 
grinding and corrugating rolls, paint and ink mill ma- 
chinery, and coal elevating and conveying machinery. 
The grain grinders are William F. Moore's own patents, 
taken out by the firm. The death of George J. Moore, 
which occurred on January 18, 1920, left him alone 
in the management of the business, and purchasing the 
interest of the deceased, William F. Moore has since 
been sole proprietor. 

In connection with this principal business activity, 
Mr. Moore is a director in the Dominion Putty and 
Paint Company, Ltd., manufacturers of putty, which 
is located at No. 63 Nelson street, and he designed the 
machinery used in their plant. During the World War 
Mr. Moore took charge of the mechanical end of the 
British Forgings, at Ashbridge Bay, Toronto, holding 
his position there from 1916 until 1918, inclusive, 
meanwhile placing the plant of the Moore Brothers in 
line with that work, doing tool work for presses, for 
pressing shells. In the trade Mr. Moore is well known, 
being a member of the Canadian Manufacturers' Assoc- 
iation. Fraternally he holds membership in the Free 
and Accepted Masons, and he is a member of the Meth-^ 
odist church. 



182 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



Mr. Moore married Sarah Sullivan, of Newfoundland, 
and they have two children: Sarah Caroline, and William 
Forrester, Jr. 

George James Moore, Mr. Moore's brother, was born 
in Stratford, Ontario, in 1877, and was educated in the 
public schools of his native town. He served an appren- 
ticeship as machinist in the shops of the Grand Trunk 
railway, then came to Toronto in 1899.Here he was with 
John Ingiis & Company for a time, then for seven years 
was with William and J. G. Gray, as a foreman. During 
the war he took entire charge of the Moore Brothers' 
plant while his brother was engaged at the British 
Forgings. He was a man of high principles and of great 
singleness of purpose, was an esteemed member of 
the Free and Accepted Masons, and was honored by all 
who knew him. His death removed from the city of 
Toronto a respected and useful citizen, whose loss is 
keenly felt in every circle of his acquaintance. 

FRANKLIN WILBERT SCOTT— For upwards of 
forty-five years the name of Scott has been prominent 
in the construction world of Toronto, in the production 
of fine interior wood work, and also in the manufacture 
of furniture. The J. C. Scott Company, Ltd. was found- 
ed in 1879, by James Clarke Scott, father of the present 
head of the concern. 

James Clarke Scott was born in Cleveland, Ohio, 
in 1854, and through the removal of the family to Canada 
his education was received in St. Thomas, Ontario, 
where they resided. As a young man Mr. Scott became 
interested in the industrial world of St. Thomas, but 
after a few years' experience, came to Toronto in 1874. 
Five years thereafter he established the present business, 
which he carried forward successfully alone until 1898, 
when its development had reached a point where in- 
corporation was advisable. With the new organization 
the firm name took its present form, and in 1903 Mr. 
Scott's son, Franklin Wilbert Scott, became an employee 
of the firm, eventually rising to the presidency. "The 
concern commands a very extensive patronage, their 
business reaching throughout the Dominion of Canada, 
and they have executed many interesting contracts. 
They furnished the wood work (interior) for the Par- 
liament buildings at Winnipeg, Manitoba, for the 
Toronto General Hospital, for Hart House, of the Uni- 
versity of Toronto, for the head office of the Dominion 
Bank, at Toronto, for Victoria College, and for many 
other structures, both public buildmgs and private 
residences. 

In the public affairs of his day James Clarke Scott 
was broadly interested, but in civic matters took no 
leading part. Mr. James C. Scott was largely instrument- 
al in the organization of the Toronto Housing Company, 
a semi-philanthropic housing concern. He gave liberally 
of his practical knowledge and time, and refused to 
accept for his firm any contracts. He was a member of 
the Independent Order ol Odd Fellows, of the National 
Club, and of the Queen City Curling Club. He was very 
active in church work, and was one of the most promin- 
ent and highly esteemed members of the Jarvis Street 
Baptist Church. He died December 19, 1919, in Toronto. 

James Clarke Scott married, in Toronto, Elizabeth 
Moore, who was born in 1854, and they were the parents 
of three children: Franklin Wilbert, Margaret Eleanor, 
now the wife of Mr. R. S. Stockwell of Toronto, and 
Ada Jean. 

Franklin Wilbert Scott was born in Toronto, April 
24, 1885, and was educated in the public schools of this 
city. Entering the business ot which his father was the 
founder and then the head (1903), Mr. Scott began as an 
employee, and mastered every detail ol the business, ris- 
ing by virtue of his own industry and attainments. In 



1915 he was elected secretary and treasurer of the c 
cern. At the time of his father's death he was elec 
to succeed him in the office of president, and is i 
the head of the business, still retaining also the dutie 
treasurer. 

As a leading manufacturer of Toronto, Mr. Scot 
a member of the Canadian Manufacturers' Associati 
and of the Toronto Board of Trade. He turns to 
out-door world for recreation, and is a member of 
Scarboro Golf Club. He holds membership in 
Jarvis Street Baptist Church. 

Franklin W. Scott married, in Richmond, Virgii 
on June 22, 1913, Margaret Fraser of that city, and t 
are the parents of two children: Frances, and He 
The charming family home is at No. 73 Roxboro driv« 

HOWARD B. DUNINGTON-GRUBB — A 

training in landscape architecture in a foremost Ameri 
institution, and service with a noted English firm in 
field of endeavor, Mr. Grubb located in protessic 
work in Toronto, where he has resided since 1911. 
addition to meeting the demands of a growing busini 
he founded in 1914, what has become one of the larj 
ornamental nurseries of Canada, the Sheridan Nurser 
and he is also active in educational work in his i 
fession. Mr. Grubb has formed many social, professio: 
and civic connections in Toronto lite and has taken pi 
among her public-spirited, progressive citizens. 

He was born in York, England, April 30, 1881, soi 
Edward and Emma (Horsnaill) Grubb, both natives i 
now (1921) residents ot England, Edward Grubb hav 
spent his active years as an instructor in the pui 
schools. Howard B., upon the completion of his gem 
education, entered Cornell University at Ithaca, h 
York, and was graduated in the class of 1907 with 
degree of Bachelor of Science in landscape architect! 
In that year he returned to England and entered 
service of the firm ot Thomas H. Mawson, the n 
prominent landscape architects of Europe. This ) 
has designed and executed much work at Lees Cour 
Kent, and for Lord Leverham, and Mr. Grubb, engt 
in office work as a designer and also in charge of out 
work, was identified with additional beautificatioi 
the grounds of the Palace of Peace at The Hague. 

In May, 1911, he left England, and until Septerabcj 
that year toured Canada, then locating in Toronto I 
founding the business of which he is the head. He i 
executed many important professional commission) 
the city, including work at the Government House ( 
the residence of the late Senator Frederic Nick I 
and also at Gage Park, Hamilton, Ontario. In 1 < 
to facilitate his professional work and to insure the ( 
carrying out of his designs, Mr. Grubb founded 
Sheridan Nurseries, with city office at No. 34 h : 
street, Toronto, and two nursery farms near Clark i£ 
Ontario. This concern, developing largely and raf : 
has achieved a reputation of its own, quite indeper 
of Mr. Grubb's professional work in landscape ; 
tecture which he still maintains as his principal ini 
Comprehensive service in landscape designing ai i 
dening is offered by the Sheridan Nurseries, ;: 
unexcelled reputation for reliability has come ;ij 
through splendid results obtained. The nurseri( rf 
place, tree of cost, any trees, evergreens, or shrubs i nt 
ed by them which do not live within one year fro: '" 
date of planting, provided that proper care ati>: 
tion have been supplied, and this is but one itoi 
generous policy of co-operation that has gi\i 
Toronto district many beautiful gardens and arti- 
planted grounds. Among these are the gaim 
Ormscliff, Mimico, the rock garden for D. A. U 
Esq., and the gardens at the residence of A. B. Or o; 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



188 



sq. Mr. Grubb is a member of the council of the On- 
,rio College of Art, a member of the council of the 
anadian Town Planning Institute. He is a member 
j the faculty of the University of Toronto in the de- 
(irtment of applied science as a lecturer on landscape 
signing, a post in which he has broad opportunities 
i:r the service of his calling. Mr. Grubb is a member of 
>e Arts and Letters Club, the Mississauga Golf Club, 
ije Toronto Skating Club, and the Rotary Club. In 
leating a love for the beautiful in nature, in daily 
.fort toward environments in which the bountiful 
|[ts of nature shall be utilized to the full, in combining 
it and science with these gifts, Mr. Grubb is exerting 
II influence that extends far beyond the realm of business 
lid that gives impetus to every movement for artistic, 
ithetic, moral, and civic advance. 
Mr. Grubb married, in England, in March, 191 f, 
!)rrie Alfreda Dunington, who, as a designer, is his 
isociate in professional work. 

ABRAHAM SINGER— Closely associated with busi- 
iss and professional life of Toronto for over fifty years 
•e family of Jacob Singer, since 1870, when they first 
lade the city their home, has kept pace with its progress 
id in Abraham Singer, barrister, of No. 133 K Queen 
E-eet, West, have a worthy representative of their 
1 usehold. 

Abraham Singer was born in the city of Toronto, 
bveraber 15, 1886, son of Jacob and Annie Singer. 
Jcob Singer settled in Toronto, in 1870, and for many 
j'ars was successfully engaged in the jewelry business. 
jj. the city grew, Jacob Singer realized how great were 
i advantages as a residential centre, and he turned his 
i;erests to the business of real estate. He had a keen 
lowledge of real estate values and at his death, which 
(icurred in November, 1911, he was the holder of many 
l|ge and valuable pieces of property. 

Abraham Singer attended the Lansdowne Public 
Shool, and Jarvis Collegiate Institute, finally entering 
(t'oode Hall Law School, completing his studies there, 
ad was called to the bar in 1911. He entered the prac- 
tie of law immediately and has since been engaged in 
^leral civil practice. 

'Politically Mr. Singer is a Conservative. He is a loyal 
hson, a member of St. Alban's Lodge, and is also afHlia- 
t'l with Mt. Sinai and Palestine Lodges, and Mt. 
(Chapter. He is a member ol the Sunnyside Lodge, 
;>tmdent Order of Odd Fellows, the Ancient Order 
t, Foresters, and the Ontario Bar Association. 

Iln 1920 Mr. Singer married, in the city of Montreal, 
Inline Berlind, of that city. They reside at No. 42 
^ lis Hill avenue. 



ePHRAM FREDERICK SINGER— Bringing to 
t profession the advantages of an unusually compre- 
bnsive training, E. Frederick Singer, of Toronto, entered 
ti; Ontario bar about a decade since, and is now one of 
te prominent professional men of the day in this city. 
Bf. Singer is a son of Jacob and Annie Singer, and his 
f'her has long been identified with the progress of this 
Bdion. Coming to Toronto in 1870, Jacob Singer be- 
cne a successful jeweler, and later in life, observant of 
bj trend of the times, invested largely in real estate. 
1; died in November, 1911. 

G. Frederick Singer, younger son of Jacob and Annie 
Siger, was born in Toronto, July 19, 1889. Receiving 
h early education in the Lansdowne Public School, he 
Citinued his studies at the Harbord Collegiate Insti- 
t;e, then entered the University of Toronto, from 
^.ich he was graduated in the class of 1909, with the 
cgree of Bachelor of Arts. Thereafter, having chosen the 
w as his profession, he entered the Osgoode Hall Law 



School, and was graduated from that institution in 1912, 
and subsequently received the degree of LL.B. Within 
that year Mr. Singer was called to the bar, and became 
a member of the firm of A. & E. F. Singer, the senior 
partner of the firm being his elder brother, Abraham 
Singer, whose life is also reviewed in this work. With 
offices at No. 133 J^ Queen street. West, this firm of 
barristers holds a leading position in the profession in 
Toronto. Mr. Singer is a member of the Ontario Bar 
Association, and politically is a Conservative. His 
fraternal affiliations include membership in St. Alban's 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, and also Palestine 
Lodge, of the same order, of which he was one of the 
organizers. He is a member of the Independent Order 
of Foresters, and of the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows. 

On May 27, 1917, Mr. Singer married, in New York 
City, Zelma Gutman, of that city, and they have three 
children: Vivian Jean, born in 1918; Roslyn Helen, 
born in 1920, and Harvey Henry, born in 1922. The 
family reside at No. 15 Wells Hill avenue, Toronto. 

DR. ERNEST EDWARD CLEAVER— With exhaust- 
ive preparation for his profession and wide experience. 
Dr. Cleaver is holding a position of prominence in 
medical circles in Toronto. He is a son of Rev. Solomon 
and Ida Cleaver, who now reside in Toronto, the former 
retired, after having preached at various Methodist 
churches in Toronto for the past twenty years. Rev. 
Solomon Cleaver was born at Lowville, Ontario, in 1855. 
He graduated from the University of Toronto in 1879, 
with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, from Syracuse 
University in 1885, with the degree of Master of Arts, 
and from the University of Manitoba in 1900, with the 
degree of Doctor of Divinity. 

Dr. Cleaver was born in Merriton, Ontario, April 
4, 1882. He was graduated from the public schools 
of Victoria and from the Winnipeg High School, then 
entered the University of Toronto, receiving his degree 
of Bachelor of Arts in 1904, and the degree of Medical 
Doctor in 1906. In 1906-7 Dr. Cleaver took a post- 
graduate course at Johns Hopkins University 
at Baltimore, Maryland, then returning to Toronto, filled 
the office of house physician at St. Michael's Hospital 
in this city. Thereafter removing to New York City, 
he entered upon the practice of medicine, and also 
acted as attending physician at the Polyclinic Hospital 
in that city until 1916. For the next three years Dr. 
Cleaver served in the Canadian Army Medical Corps 
in England and France, then returned to Toronto, where 
he resumed his interrupted practice. He is specializing 
in gastroenterology, and is clinician at the Toronto 
General Hospital and also at the University of Toronto. 
He is a charter member of the Beta Theta Pi fraternity. 

Dr. Cleaver married, on May 17, 1916, Lillian Sharpe, 
of Philadelphia, daughter of the late Herbert Sharpe, 
of the Bromley Lace Company, of that city, and they 
have one daughter, Mary Edgar. The family residence 
is at No. 38 Albertus avenue. 



JOHN CHARLES SANDERSON, who is the head 
of the Dominion Typewriter Company of Toronto, comes 
of a family long prominent in the history of the North 
American provinces. His grandfather. Squire John 
Sanderson, came from England, and was given a grant 
of land near Brampton. John Charles Sanderson, his 
son, and Mr. Sanderson's father, was for many years 
a prominent coal and wood merchant at Brampton, and 
had branches at Gait and Guelph. He saw service 
during the Fenian raid. He is now retired from all activ- 
ity in business or public affairs, and resides near Seattle, 
Washington. 



184 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



John Charles Sanderson, of Toronto, was born at 
Milton, Ontario, October 26, 1876, and received his 
early education in the public schools of Guelph, Ontario, 
then took a commercial course at business college, in 
Guelph. He then went to the State of Washington for 
a course in the classics at Vashon College, where he was 
active in the school athletics, and later was an instruc- 
tor in shorthand at the same institution, for a period 
of six months. He resigned from this position to become 
private secretary to Senator McMillan, of Washington, 
then later made his home in Seattle, and acted as sales 
representative for the Underwood Typewriter Company. 
Still later he had charge of the Tacoma (Washington) 
agency of the same concern for several years. In 1903 
Mr. Sanderson came to Toronto, entering the employ 
of the United Typewriter Company, with which concern 
he remained for ten years. In 1915 he purchased the 
Dominion Typewriter Exchange, and with his assuming 
charge the name became the Dominion Typewriter 
Company, as at present. This is one of the pioneer 
typewriter concerns of Toronto, the scope of the business 
including the rebuilding, selling and renting of Under- 
wood typewriters, and reaching over a wide district 
in and about Toronto. 

In his younger days Mr. Sanderson served with the 
Highlanders for four years. His recreations include 
especial interest in tennis and chess, and he is a member 
of the Balmy Beach Chess Club. Fraternally he holds 
membership in the Balmy Beach Lodge, Free and 
Accepted Masons, and he is a member of Beech Avenue 
Methodist Church, serving as treasurer of the Sunday 
school. 

Mr. Sanderson married, on January 3, 1903, Ella 
B. Barnett, daughter of William and Melissa (Phillips) 
Barnett, whose maternal grandfather, Jonathan Phillips, 
fought in the battle of Lundy's Lane, and was given a 
grant of land near Belleville, Ontario. Mr. and Mrs. 
Sanderson have five children: Charles Frederick; 
Helen Iris; James Wilfred; William Douglas; and John 
Barnett. 



FREDERICK JOSEPH CUMMINGS— The business 
which is now Mr. Cumming's chief interest, the Kingston 
Road Lumber Company, Ltd., is not of his founding, the 
history of the organization dating from 1907 and his 
identification therewith from 1919. The period since the 
latter year has witnessed its sturdy development and 
progress toward the thoroughly sound and prosperous 
condition it now enjoys. 

Frederick Joseph Cummings was born in Toronto, 
December 1, 1878, and here attended the public schools, 
then entered the employ of his father, Thomas Cum- 
mings, a member of the firm of Cummings & Robertson, 
contractors. Thomas Cummings retired from active 
affairs in 1905, and his death occurred November 13, 
1921. 

Mr. Cummings continued in the same line of work 
under his own name until 1909, when, with A. H. Cox 
and F. W. Cox, he formed the firm ol Cox & Cummings, 
contractors. He managed the affairs of this firm until 
June, 1919, when in an assignment of the W. C. Charters 
Company he and J. E. Murphy became its owners. This 
company was founded in 1909 at Kingston road and 
Malvern avenue for lumber dealings, with yards covering 
a space of two hundred and fifty by three hundred and 
eighty-five feet, and an acre of leased land, with railway 
siding nearby. A retail lumber trade was conducted on a 
small scale at first, and subsequently the manufacture of 
lumber began. Financial difficulties were later ex- 
perienced, and in June, 1919, the business passed from 
the hands of the original owners and was incorporated 
by Mr. Murphy and Mr. Cummings as the Kingston 



Road Lumber Company, of which Mr. Murphy is presi 
dent and Mr. Cummings vice-president and manager 
An average of fifty-five persons are employed by th 
company, and their products are doors, sash and all fin 
mill work, and a veneer department, which is a specia 
branch of their activity. The dry kilns are of fift; 
thousand feet capacity, and the company has won hig] 
standing and extensive patronage in this line. A 
Scarborough Junction they are now (1922) buildin] 
an extension, which doubles the present capacity, am 
they go into the manufacture and distribution of British 
Columbia products. Mr. Cummings is also a directo 
of the Monarch Realty and Securities Corporation, am 
is a member of the Lumbermen's Credit Bureau am 
the Ontario Retail Lumber Dealers' Association. 

Mr. Cummings fraternizes with the Masonic order, i 
vice-president of the Birchcliff Club and a member of th 
Cedarbrook Golf Club. His church is the Kew Bead 
Presbyterian. Mr. Cummings' principal avocation i 
the breeding of fancy pigeons, and many of his bird 
have won high recognition in open competition. H 
specializes in English pouters and Norwich croppen 
received six first prizes at the Madison Square Garde; 
Pigeon Show of 1921, and has been awarded twenty 
seven first prizes at the Canadian National Exhibitioi 
and at Ottawa. 

Mr. Cummings married Elizabeth Easson, daughter c 
James Easson, of Brantford, Ontario, and they are th 
parents of the following children: Annie, Fred, Edgai 
and Margaret. 

THOMAS SPAVEN ELMORE— Whatever part her 
edity plays in the casting of a young man's future 
it most certainly does not always reveiil itself in hi 
selection of a profession. Thomas S. Elmore, barris 
ter, of No. 156 Yonge street, has the honor, as man; 
successful men and statesmen have enjoyed, of bein 
the son of parents who were successful farmers, a pre 
fession that many farmers would not exchange for a 
the joys and advantages of an active city life. 

Thomas S. Elmore was born in Haldimand countj 
October 7, 1892, son of William Edward and Mar 
Elmore, and was one of seven sons. He attended th 
Springvale Public School and Hagersville High Schoo 
always keeping in mind the idea that his future was 1 
be a professional one. Upon his graduation from Hager 
ville he came to Toronto and entered Osgoode Hs 
Law School, and thus the first step toward the goal 
his ambition was achieved. In his second year at Osgoo< 
Hall he won a scholarship, and in 1913, before he w: 
twenty-one years of age, he graduated with honors, ar 
immediately became associated in practice with W. < 
Thurston, K.C., resigning in 1915 to open an offi 
for himself at No. 156 Yonge street, where he is nf 
engaged in general civil practice. 

The Masonic order has in Mr. Elmore, an active, lo> 
member, affiliated with the High Park Lodge. He 
particularly fond of out-door sport. He is also a memb 
of High Park Bowling Club, the Canadian Club, t 
Empire Club, the Ontario Club, the Canadian B 
Association, and the Ontario Bar Association, 
politics Mr. Elmore is a Conservative. He is a meml 
of the Metropolitan Methodist Church. 

On April 30, 1918, he married, at Saskatoon, Lilli 
Pearl Sheridan, of that city. They have one child, Ru 
The family reside at No. 18 High Park avenue, Toron 

PATRICK GEORGE CLOSE— In the history 
Toronto the name of Patrick George Close bears brc 
significance to the progress of the city during the lat 
half of the nineteenth century. A man of culture a 
refinement, interested in every phase of civic and soc 





^-^'«.-C--fc^ 



rnnnpA; 



•art forty yen™ 






re- 
Afork, 
fonto's 
le charge 
of medical 
A^ar he was 
support of the 
of profound and 
lember of the St. 
.leld every office in 
, since his connection 
xng the church at con- 
membership with the 
le Independent Order of 
geman. 
.irst) Elinor Perry, who died 
.: Herbert H., Roy A., Cecil 
Elsie M. He married (second) 



■>,, 




\ 




■>*e:*7 



■/ <r-*.^*He-«/y? 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



185 



nee, his business activities placed him in a position 
oad usefulness, and he found his greatest satisfaction 
irning his splendid energies into those avenues of 
t which bear especial meaning for the public, while 
nanding no great measure of public honors, 
r. Close was born at Woodland House, Portglenone, 
ity Antrim, Ireland, November 19, 1837, and died 
oronto, July 25, 1900. He was a son of Patrick 
3, a pioneer of the Irish linen industry and a man 
ide note in his day. Receiving a liberal education 
the period, Patrick George Close entered upon 
areer well equipped for the struggle of life. He was 
snticed for a period of six years to the drug and 
!ry business with a firm in Belfast, gaining a thor- 

and practical knowledge not only of this branch 
ercantile endeavor, but of general business pqnci- 

At the expiration of his apprenticeship he trav- 
for a large tea importing house for some time, his 
i^ory covering the North of Ireland. In the year 
1 Mr. Close came to Canada, and locating in Whitby, 
irio, entered the employ of Hamilton & Company, 

ollowing year, however, settling permanently in 
into. Here he established a small grocery business 
;he interest grew rapidly under his capable manage- 
I, and he later went over into the wholesale branch 
;3 business, in which he was engaged for some years 
)• the name of P. G. Close & Company. Thereafter 
Icame the head of the firm of Close, Sloan & Jardine, 
inuing thus, with marked success, until his re- 
ient from his business activities in this field, which 
ired in 1880. From that time on Mr. Close devoted 
tor less time to well-earned leisure, but to a man of his 
is nature complete idleness was an impossibility. 
Mg acquired a considerable amount of real estate, 
^ind naturally turned in that direction. He soon 
*ie a leader in real estate development operations, 
!)f the most significant tracts with which he was 
i;!cted being the Parkdale district, now one of the 

8 homelike residential suburbs of Toronto. Close 
nie, in this section was named in his honor. He 
cvas identified with the opening up of Bedford Park 

,'sidential purposes. 

icae years before his retirement from the grocery 
liess Mr. Close was brought forward in the public 
ve, his practical experience and progressive atti- 
ktoward all civic questions marking him as a man 
c needed in the city government. He represented 

awrence Ward in the City Council for five con- 
uve years, from 1873 until 1878, then again 1880, 
i luring the year 1877 served as president of the 
nil. He was induced to become a candidate for 
y- in 1881, although the honor was far from being 
i ■ his own seeking. The strength of the opposition 
e-,ed him in favor of Mr. McMurrich. Various 
[©interests of one kind or another received the atten- 
n )f Mr. Close and benefitted by the sanity of his 
Ig.ent and the far-sightedness which had been a 
a factor in his personal success. He served for 
niyears as a director of the Grey & Bruce railway, 

9 .ce-president of the Erie & Huron railway, a direc- 
cthe Canada Live Stock Insurance Company, and 

s aluator for the Reliance Loan and Savings Com- 
lyat the time of his death. He was very deeply 
ented in the progress of the arts and sciences in the 
niion, and served as a director of the Canadian 
''al Exhibition from its inception, holding the office 
ice-president at the time of his death, and was 
irector of the Horticultural Society, and at one 
ieits vice-president. A staunch Conservative in 
itkl convictions, he supported this party in 
ttfs of local, provincial and national import, and 
tb time of his death was a member of the Court of 



Revision. Well known socially, he nevertheless gave 
the greater part of his time to such organizations and 
purposes as declared some definitely useful object, but 
he held membership in the Albany and Toronto clubs. 
He was for many years a member of the Free and Accep- 
ted Masons. During practically the entire period of his 
residence in Toronto he was a member of the Cooke 
Street Presbyterian Church, and served as chairman of 
the board of trustees for twenty-five years. 

Mr. Close married, on June 1, 1867, Mary Jane Walton, 
who was born in Cumberland, England, and came to 
Canada as a child. Their children are: Thomas Walton, 
now with the water works department of the city of 
Toronto; Edith Elizabeth; May Blackburn, wife of 
T. W. F. Norton; Ethel; Maude A.; and Patrick George, 
now of Calgary, Alberta, Canada. 

JAMES PHINNEMORE— For the past forty years 
a resident of Toronto, and always actively engaged in 
business, James Phinnemore is a representative man of 
this city. He is a son of Henry and Susan Phinnemore, 
of England. 

Mr. Phinnemore was born in Cornwall, England, 
March 10, 18G4, and educated in his native land under 
the national system. Leaving school at the age of 
fourteen he taught in the primary schools the two years 
following. Coming to Canada at the age of eighteen 
years, he located at once in Toronto, and established 
himself as painter and decorator. At the age of thirty 
years, he organized a company to extend the scope of 
his activities, doing business under the name of James 
Phinnemore, and since 1920 has carried forward a con- 
stantly increasing business under the firm name of 
Phinnemore Painting & Decorating Company, Ltd. 
Early winning the confidence of the public, Mr. Phinne- 
more has achieved large success, not only handling con- 
tracts for private individuals for the decoration of resi- 
dences, but doing a great deal of work for public insti- 
tutions. He has done the painting and decorating on 
hospitals, churches, public and high school buildings, 
also colleges. He did a great deal of the work on the 
exposition buildings, including such structures as the 
Transportation and Government buildings, and on many 
other private and public buildings representing an 
aggregate of enormous value. 

In the profession Mr. Phinnemore holds a high posi- 
tion, being president at this time, (1921) of the Inter- 
national Association of Master Painters of the United 
States and Canada, and for the past ten years has been 
a member of its executive board. He is past president 
of the Canadian Association. He has written on many 
topics for the trade journals. In the public life of the city 
and Province Mr. Phinnemore is deeply interested. He 
is by political convictions a Conservative, and in 1920 
was elected alderman from the Fifth Ward, and re- 
elected in 1921. He has long been active in welfare work, 
and was a leader in the reorganization of Toronto's 
social service work, transferring it from under the charge 
of the social service commission to the board of medical 
health department. During the World War he was 
prominent in every branch of activity in support of the 
allied forces. Mr. Phinnemore is a man of profound and 
sincere religious convictions, and a member of the St. 
Clair Methodist Church. He has held every office in 
the gift of the church to the laity, since his connection 
with this society, even representing the church at con- 
ference. Fraternally he holds membership with the 
Free and Accepted Masons, the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, and is an Orangeman. 

Mr. Phinnemore married (first) Elinor Perry, who died 
in 1898, leaving six children: Herbert H., Roy A., Cecil 
S., Ruby P., Ethel M., and Elsie M. He married (second) 



186 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



Nellie Peacock, of Toronto, and their two children are 
Jessie N., and Ethel M. 

Cecil S. Phinnemore, Mr. Phinnemore's third son, 
served in the 19th Battalion, the Queen's Own Rifles, 
during the World War, through the entire period of the 
war. 



LIEUTENANT-COLONEL JOHN BRUCE— The 

rank borne by Colonel Bruce was won in two decades 
in the Dominion military service, and its duties 
discharged with distinction from 1870 until his retirement 
in 1902 from the command of the Tenth Royal Gren- 
adiers. In civil pursuits. Colonel Bruce is widely known 
in legal circles and has long been the incumbent of 
important official place. 

Lieutenant-Colonel John Bruce was born in Beaver- 
ton, Ontario, May 13, 1851, son of John Bruce, who came 
to Canada from Scotland. He was educated in local 
schools, Lindsay Grammar School, and Upper Canada 
College, being head boy in 1870. In this year he ma- 
triculated with scholarships and honors at the University 
of Toronto, and after a year's course in arts took up the 
study of law, being admitted to the bar in 1875. In 
1878 he was appointed special examiner for the High 
Court and Registrar of the Admiralty Court. Colonel 
Bruce has filled important offices in the organization of 
the courts of the Province and has efficiently and faith- 
fully discharged their duties. 

Colonel Bruce's military career began in 1870, when 
he joined the University Company of the Queen's Own 
Rifles, and in 1881 he was gazetted lieutenant in the 
Tenth Royal Grenadiers. Successive promotions brought 
him to the rank of lieutenant-colonel in command of the 
regiment in January, 1889, and he served thus until 1902, 
when he retired and was transferred to the reserve list. 
During this i)eriod Colonel Bruce interested himself 
especially in rifle shooting, and for many years was a 
member of the council and executive committees of the 
Provincial and Dominion Rifle associations, and is now 
(1922) vice-president and chairman of the council of the 
Ontario Rifle Association. In 1896 he was adjutant of 
the Bisley team, Canada in that year winning one of 
her victories for the Kolapore Cup. Colonel Bruce wears 
the long-service decoration, and holds honored place 
in the history of his regiment and military annals of the 
Dominion. Fraternally he is a Mason, a member of Ionic 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons. He is a member 
of the Canadian Military Institute, and of the Canadian 
Club, Empire Club, Toronto Club, and Toronto Golf 
Club. His church is the Presbyterian. 

Colonel Bruce married (first) Mary Margaret Bayley, 
of Toronto, and they were parents of two children: H. 
Addington, a famous author and writer, a resident of 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, and Roberta M., who mar- 
ried Carl Tudor Pemberton, a bank manager of Toronto. 
Colonel Bruce married (second) Sarah MacKenzie, 
daughter of the late George Poyntz MacKenzie, of 
Toronto. He married (third) Helen Rowsell O'Reilly, 
of Toronto, and they are parents of one daughter, 
Muriel Elizabeth Bruce. 



JOSEPH ADELOR HOUDE— With wide experience 
in the production and distribution of lumber, Mr. 
Houde is now handling large interests as president 
of the Toronto Veneer Company, Ltd. He is of French 
descent, and is a son of Ernest and Victoria Houde, 
his father now being identified with the same firm. 

Joseph A. Houde was born in Ottawa, Ontario, March 
22, 1882, and as a child of six years removed with the 
family to Bay City, Michigan, where he was educated 
in the public and high schools. His first employment 
was at Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, and from the begin- 



ning he was connected with the production and whc 
sale distribution of lumber and veneers. Located 
above from 1901 until 1908, he was then for the m 
eight years engaged as a salesman, in the same field, 
Grand Rapids and Chicago concerns. Coming to Tor( 
to in the year 1916, Mr. Houde founded the presi 
business, forming a limited company the following ye 
and carrying forward the line of activity in which 
experience had been gained. He is still president 
this concern, and is also president of Panels, Limited, 
subsidiary concern incorporated in June, 1919, with h« 
oflSces in Toronto, and factory in Southampton, Ontai 
manufacturing in great variety, ply-wood panels. 1 
business of both concerns reaches throughout the I 
minion, and holds a significant place in the world 
construction. Alert to every advance movement relevi 
to his interests, Mr. Houde holds membership in 1 
Canadian Manufacturers' Association. Politically he 
independent, bearing only the citizen's share 
public affairs. He is a member of the Roman Catbc 
church. 

Mr. Houde married, in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, 
February 4, 1904, Kathleen Green, and they have thi 
children: Lael, Marjorie, and Harry. The family hoi 
is at Mimico, Ontario. 

JOHN LARKIN COOK— For many years the nai 
of Cook has been one of large significance to the luml 
industry in all parts of Canada, and also in the exp( 
trade, and John Larkin Cook, late of Toronto, was o 
of the leading executives of Cook Brothers for more th 
half a century. The Cook family has been identifi 
with the progress of the Dominion for nearly one hi 
dred and forty years, Mr. Cook's grandfather, Geoi 
Cook, a United Empire Loyalist, having come to Cana 
about 1783. George Cook settled in Dundas coun 
and became one of the foremost men in that section 
Ontario in his day. 

George (2) Cook, son of George (1) Cook, was b( 
in Williamsburg township, Dundas county, Ontai 
and spent his lifetime in the lumber and milling busini 
receiving his sons into partnership as they became of 
age to take an interest in the business. He was a mar 
large vision, with boundless faith in the development 
the Dominion and the wealth of its resources, and 
far-sightedness was the foundation of the very extemj 
scope which his sons reached in the spread of tl 
business activities in the years that followed. : 
married Sarah Casselman, and they were the parol 
the following children: Sarah Phoebe; J. Will 
George J.; John L., of further mention; Mary; Si 
S.; Sarah; and Herman H.; all of whom are now 
ceased. 

John Larkin Cook, fourth child and third am 
George (2) and Sarah (Casselman) Cook, was bon 
"Edge Hill," near Morrisburg, Ontario, on thei 
Lawrence river, in 1826, and died in Toronto, Jam 
14, 1899. Educated in the public and private sd 
of that section, Mr. Cook, as a young man, beci 
familiar with the lumber business through close a8S> 
tion with his father, and later joined his brothers, WW 
and George, in the formation of an independent com 
Under the name of Cook Brothers they early to 
leading place in the lumber world. But they wer* 
content to follow beaten paths. With headquarte 
Montreal, they secured extensive timber tracts i 
parts of the Dominion, and specialized along ce 
lines of production, especially for their export t 
which consisted largely of timber for shipbuildini 
eluding mastheads, etc. Their shipments of "si 
timber" to England assumed enormous proportion:- t" 
the passing of the years and the constantly incn - 



s 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



187 



land, and they turned out great quantities of building 
ber for the Canadian trade. They operated many 
s, some of the largest being on the Georgian Bay, and 
srs through the north country. Their name became 
onymous not only for large production but for high 
lity product and that unimpeachable integrity which 
le surest means of permanent success. John L. Cook 
ie to Toronto in 1870 and established his home and 
[e on King street. West, between Bathurst and 
tland streets^ the better to facilitate the handling 
heir interests in Ontario. He became a well known 
Ire in this city, socially as well as in a business way, 
I his death, although he had passed the age of three 
le and ten, brought a shock to many and left a sense 
treat bereavement in the circles in which he had 
red. Although many years have since passed, his 
nory is still cherished, among those who knew him 
I friend, and among those with whom he was associa- 
lin the daily affairs of business. He was a man such 
iO city, no industry can afford to lose, yet in this very 
1 is evidenced the truth that the world is better for 
ihaving lived in it. 

[r. Cook married Lucy White, daughter of James and 
melia (Draper) White. Her father was born in 
[nwall, England, emigrated to Canada and settled 
jake Simcoe, in Simcoe county, Ontario, where he 
«; up a large tract of land. The mother was a daughter 
^oel Draper, who was a United Empire Loyalist, 
I came from Boston, Massachusetts, walking the 
ire distance to Roach's Point, Ontario, at the time of 
I American Revolutionary War. Mr. Cook is sur- 
■•d by his wife, and their only living child, Florence 
[who married (first) John W. Fraser, who died after 
ii birth of their son, John Andrew Veer Fraser, who 
) resides with Mrs. Cook. Mrs. Fraser later became 
I. wife of Colonel Dr. Samuel H. McCoy, F.R.C.S., 
' ttawa, Ontario, where they now reside. Mrs. Cook, 
re the death of her husband, has resided at No. 76 
\lyn Crescent, Toronto. 

OFTUS ANNSLEY ALLEN— If it is true that all 
tts lead to Rome, then it is equally true that many 
I lose roads lead direct to Toronto, if one is to judge 
jrhe fact that so many men of talent, born in other 
»ls of the British Kingdom, find their way to Toronto 
nthere make clients of the rest of the world. Loftus 
Bsley Allen, member of the firm of Harbinson & Allen, 
: 08 Manning Chambers, Toronto, like his partner, 
ii:ent David Harbinson (q.v.),is one of those who, 
K.gh a traveller to many parts of the world, finds 
0)nto a fertile field for his professional equipment, and 
onto has shown her appreciation of his choice of 
e in a really practical fashion. 
i3 Annsley Allen was born in Tipperary, Ireland, 
lich 2, 1889, son of Benjamin William and Harriet 
Rters) Allen. Benjamin William Allen was forforty- 

R years manager of the Bank of Ireland at Tipper- 
Be died in 1918, his death being largely due to the 
he suffered in losing two of his sons, (brothers of 
lOus A. Allen) who were killed in battle while serving 
il the British forces in France. Loftus A. Allen received 
ration under a private tutor and at the grammar 
in Tipperary. In 1906 he became identified with 
ak of Ireland at Tipperary and Skibbereen, re- 
„' with the bank until three and one half years 
n , when he left Ireland for Canada. He went direct 
arailton, Ontario, where he became associated with 
hdJank of Montreal. The following year he entered 
i'r^ty University and took one full year of special 
ra ing. Following this period of study he became assoc- 
ith Gunn, Roberts & Company, and with Clark- 
iirdon, & Dilworth. 



Early in 1915, disregarding the tragic experiences of 
the original "Princess Pats," he enlisted in the 2nd 
University Company, organized to reinforce that regi- 
ment, and went overseas in August of that year. This 
organization, as had many others in those early, soul 
trying days of the war, experienced some of the most 
terrible fighting of the war period, and while under fire, 
in March, 1916, Mr. Allen was severely shell shocked, 
and subsequently invalided to England. In November 
of the same year he was discharged from active service. 

Trinidad, one of the most progressive islands of the 
British West Indies, tempted him with its interesting 
offers of complete change and new experiences, and there 
he spent eighteen months with the firm of Fitzpatrick, 
Graham & Company, chartered accountants. In the 
middle of the year 1918, Mr. Allen received news of 
the serious illness of his father and he immediately re- 
turned to Dublin, Ireland. After his father passed away 
Mr. Allen returned to Toronto and for a short time was 
employed by local accountants, and finally, in 1919, the 
present partnership of Harbinson & Allen was formed. 
Mr. Allen is a communicant of St. John's Anglican 
Church. He is also a member of the Toronto Board 
of Trade. 

In 1920 he married Jessie F. McNeill, of Hamilton, 
Ontario. They have one son, Loftus Haviland Allen. 
The family home is at No. 244 Kingswood road. 

GUY RAYMOND ROACH came to the legal 
profession from that of teaching and since 1906 has been 
a member of the legal fraternity of Toronto. He is a 
native of Cornwall, his parents, Donald and Bridget 
(Lamassney) Roach, both residents of that place, his 
father a blacksmith by trade. 

Guy R, Roach was born February 19, 1885, and after 
attendance at separate and high schools became a school 
teacher, following this calling in 1902 and 1903. At the 
end of this time he became articled as a law student to 
the late Mr. Justice Leach, at Cornwall, remaining 
there until 1906, when he came to Toronto, where he was 
employed by the firm of Morris & Jameson, and in 1909 
he was admitted to partnership with these gentlemen, 
his name being added to the firm titled as Morris, Jam- 
eson & Roach. Mr. Roach is the surviving member of 
this partnership and devotes himself to civil practice 
along general lines, commanding a substantial and 
influential clientele. For the past two years he has 
filled the office of district deputy of the Knights of Col- 
umbus. In political faith he is a Liberal. He holds mem- 
bership in the Ontario Bar Association, and is a com- 
municant of St. Clare's Roman Catholic Church. 

Mr. Roach married, in Toronto, in 1914, Margaret 
H. Roche, of this city, and they are the parents ot the 
following children: Raymond S., Margaret, Guy C, 
and Clare H. 



JOHN BAXTER McCARTER— As the founder and 
president of the Eclipse White Wear Company, Ltd., 
John B. McCarter, of Toronto, stands among the 
progressive and successful men of the day in this city. 
Mr. McCarter is a son of John McCarter, who came from 
Scotland in 1847. Educated for the ministry in King's 
College, in Scotland, he relinquished his plans in that 
direction, and served as principal of the public schools of 
Almonte, Ontario, for more than thirty years. He died 
in 1899. He married Agnes Russell Young, who died 
in 1908. 

John Baxter McCarter was born in Arnprior, Ontario, 
September 13, 1866, and attended the public schools of 
Almonte. Coming to Toronto in 1885 he entered the 
employ of W. A. Murray, then in 1887 became identi- 
fied with the Allen Manufacturing Company with 



188 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



which concern he remained for about seven years. In 
1894 Mr. McCarter established the present enterprise, 
beginning the manufacture of ladies' and children's 
underwear, shirt waists, and wash dresses. Located first 
at No. 19 Front street, West, the business was removed 
to No. 100 on the same street, in 1896, then in 1901 the 
present large fine building was erected at Nos. 322-324 
King street. West. Nineteen people were employed in 
the first location while now more than three hundred are 
busily engaged in the production of the company's 
attractive line of garments. Their business reaches 
throughout the Dominion of Canada, and the product 
is placed on the market by the concern's own represen- 
tatives. Mr. McCarter carried on the business alone 
until his elder son entered the firm in 1912, and the son, 
Gordon E. McCarter, now holds the office of vice-presi- 
dent, and is active in the management of the company's 
affairs. 

A prominent member of the Canadian Manufacturers' 
Association, Mr. McCarter has served on the executive 
committee of the organization for five years, and was 
vice-chairman of the compensation board of the Associa- 
tion. He is a member of the Toronto Board of Trade 
and politically is an Independent. He finds scant leisure 
from the responsibilities of business, but occasionally 
enjoys a game of golf at the Scarboro Golf Club, of which 
he is a well known member. 

Mr. McCarter married, in Toronto, on July 29, 1892, 
Margaret Holmes, daughter of John Holmes, of Toronto, 
and they are the parents of two sons: Gordon E., and 
J. Douglas. The family home is at No. 56 Chestnut Park 
road and they attend the Rosedale Presbyterian Church. 

WILLIAM GARLOCK, JR.— The period of stress 
precipitated by war conditions in recent years, and 
vitally affecting the business world, brought to the front 
many executives whose record in the meeting of emer- 
gencies, and later in the readjustment of conditions, 
has made interesting history. William Garlock, Jr., 
of Toronto, is one of these men. 

Mr. Garlock was born in Oswego, New York, April 
17, 1882, and is a son of William and Clara Garlock. 
With only a common school education he started life 
by going to New York City, reaching the metropolis 
of America with less than two dollars in his pocket. 
Managing to exist until he secured regular work, he did 
whatever came to hand for a time, meanwhile giving 
every possible moment to the study of shorthand. The 
first "regular job" he secured was as stenographer at a 
salary of $5 per week, and as regular board could be 
secured in those days for $4.50, there was a balance left 
for spending money. The boy succeeded in losing his 
first position by going to a ball game when left in sole 
charge of the office, understanding that his employer had 
gone to Denver. This not being the case, and the man 
returning first, this high-salaried position passed on to 
another. Meanwhile Mr. Garlock had become an expert 
stenographer, and a boyhood ambition to study law was 
undoubtedly the means of his securing his next position 
in a New York law office, and that at a substantial 
increase in salary. Employed for six years as a law 
clerk, he was well advanced towards qualifying for a 
legaJ degree, but broken health forbade his following 
up his early dream. In 1905 Mr. Garlock entered the 
employ of the American Woodworking Machinery Com- 
pany, then in New York City, but now in Rochester, 
becoming a member of their sales force. Still ambitious 
for higher achievement, he studied and tutored with 
students at the university during three evenings each 
week, teaching shorthand the other three evenings at 
the Young Men's Christian Association. Mr. Garlock's 
energy counted for his rapid advancement, and he was 



soon manager of the eastern division, having cl 
of sales over a territory including fifteen States, 
expansion of the business led the concern to op 
branch in Canada, and on the first day of May, : 
Mr. Garlock was placed in charge of this branch, 
offices at Toronto. The concern did not feel sati 
with the progress made, and decided to relinquisl 
territory, but Mr. Garlock's faith in the future o; 
business in Canada was absolute, and he resigne 
continue the business independently. Starting 
woodworking machinery only, he broadened the s 
of his activities with the beginning of munitions pre 
tion in Canada, to include metal machinery also, 
first order in this field involved the sum of $100 
and he immediately placed orders to cover it, la; 
with American concerns. The cancellation of the on 
order followed in two weeks, compelling Mr. Garloi 
choose between cancelling or finding another outle 
the machinery. He refused to accept defeat, and ii 
sixty days allowed to him, sold and delivered e 
machine. 

On January 1, 1916, Mr. Garlock formed a par 
ship with Albert B. Walker, under the firm nan 
The Garlock Machinery, Limited, of which Mr. Garlc 
president and general manager. The concern is lot 
at No. 163 Dufferin street, where the offices and v 
house are. The present firm is now dealing judici( 
and constructively with the problem before all indus 
concerns, of bringing back to the world of produi 
the normal balance which means national prosp 
and individual well-being. Mr. Garlock is a memb 
the Toronto Board of Trade, and keeps in touch wit 
advance. He finds his chief relaxation in out- 
sports, is a member of the Lakeview Golf Club, 
enjoys an occasional fishing trip. He is a member o 
Engineers' Club of Toronto. 

Mr. Garlock married Edith M. Gambee, of Roche 
New York, and they have one daughter, Wilma Frai 
The family resides at the Ernscliffe Apartments, at 
81 Regal road, Toronto. 

, AUBREY EDWARD IRELAND— For nearly 
a century the family of Ireland has made its hon 
Montreal and Toronto, and Aubrey Edward Ire 
as business man and national sportsman, has achie^ 
commendable record in various fields of endeavor, 
was born in Toronto in April, 1890, son of James H 
Lydia H. Ireland. James H. Ireland was for years en? 
in the business of shipping between the cities of Hair 
and Montreal, but later, and up to the time of his ( 
which occurred in 1906, he was engaged in the bus 
of commercial traveler. 

Aubrey E. Ireland attended the public and r 
schools of Toronto, and when he was eighteen yeai 
he selected the field of insurance for his profess 
career, and for twelve years he was employed in 
business beginning as junior clerk and advancing thi i 
the various departments to that of inspector. In 19 
decided to engage in the business for himself i i 
independent broker and in that year Aubrey E. Ir i 
& Company, Ltd. was incorporated to engage i 
insurance business as general agents and broker? 
Mr. Ireland was made president and general i 
ger. There are few professions which demand mor i 
man's energy than that of insurance underwi 
Mr. Ireland early realized that, in his profession - 
ially, all work and no play could not but have its ei 
ting effects upon his energies, and therefore, f( 'i 
past fifteen years he has made it a practice tc « 
wholesome relaxation in out-door sports, his fa ri 
being that of canoeing. In this sport he has excel 1 1 
such a degree that for six years he held the Am a 



tjC^jtZ^^t^ 



I. 
i ■ 
t:. 
u 

dent. 



i th« iKlfc. 



vetn tiw; 



rit of th« < 



Tonto. The conce 

rip«K i.-iiHe, and d 

lock's fa 

as absoli! 

independently. , 
ry only, he broad*'' 
cl Jus uclivities witli the beginning of 
tion in Canada, to include metal mi; 
flrst order in this field involved th< 
and he immediately placed orders 1 



lin, \^ 



■•ipi^n rMinrprn-3 



Til, 



anil tiu'y «. 
J. Douglas, 
road and tbey nnciiu i in; i-. 



u/iiii^vi nAPi(">rjc IR 



fJlub, 01 which 



:. K., and 
niut Park 

i-T-'-jyii ■liin Church. 

'\i !.pr!,-v(i of stress 
■ars, and 

*Vif- front 



Jr., 



. New Y' 

vritri le"- 



ly 1, 1916, Mr. Oarlock fonr 
^■-— " Walker, ir '- '- 
, Limite(; 



at 

h.; 



■ tiveiy with the pro: 
, . bringing back to i 
Lhc; normal balance which meani : 
and individual well-being. Mr. Garli 
the Toronto Board of Trade, and kee; 
advance. He finds his chief rela;- 
sports, is a member of the Lakevicw v, 
enjoys an occasional fishing trip. He is a r 
Engineers' Club of Toronto. 

Mr. Garlock married Edith W 
New York, and thej' have one d;, 
The familj- resides at the ErasclitleApari 
81 Regal road, Toronto. 

.AUBREY EDWARD IRELAND— Fo 

■"<nrv the family of Irelanf! ''^•'"' " 

■lU and Toronto, and A' 

■ •«i:3 man ;iifd ruitional sr< 





eUak, he was v 
legal de"''"' "'■i' 
Hp hifc 
employ 
y, ttifefi 
inf H 
is- 



left 
his 

sole 
•had 
man 

1 to 



;; IDS n'.'Xt popi; on 

:t at a suhatanicial 

six years as a law 

!i qualifying for a 

iiRiif- ViiR following 

iered the 

iery Com- 

in Rochester, 

>fi)l ambitious 

•ired with 

ings each 

•k'l! 



Lydia il. Irelaiid. Jamw-ii]. Ireli- 
i;i the business of shipping betwi 
and Montreal, but later, and up to t; 
which occurred in ] 906, he was enga; 
of commercial traveler. 

Aubrey E Ireland attended the p 
schools oi Toronto, and when ho «u- 
h(- iie field 

C81 i'or twelvi 

bustiifess beginning as juiuur clerr 
the various departments to that 
decided to engage in the business 
independent broker and in that year 
& Company, Ltd. was in corpora te<i 
insurance business as general agentf^ 

Mr- Ireland V'/mk rr.rnii nrp^^idcnt 

ger. There ;. 
man's energy 

Mr. Ireland early rettiized that, 
lally, all work and no play could 
tint effects upon his energies, ana thercL;^ 
past fifteen years he has made it a pn«4W 
"■■'^ ■'■or sports, lH 



wholesome relair;*' 
being that of cari 



port he barl^ 

>;« Vl.-ili! ' 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



189 



lampionship, and for three years the Canadian cham- 
f)nship for senior single canoes. He has won many 
cizes in competition, and has been specially honored by 
fing elected vice-commodore of the American Canoe 
(sociation for the Northern Division. The waters 
und his beautiful summer home on Center Island 

ve for over twenty years afforded him excellent oppor- 
ity to test his ability as a canoeist, and to keep in 
d form for future contests. 

r. Ireland has been a member of the Royal Cana- 
dm Yacht Club since 1915, a member of the Argonaut 
l)wing Club, the Victoria Club, Lake Shore Country 
(ub, a life member of the Aura Lee Club. Toronto 
(moe Club, the Canoe Club of Syracuse, N.Y., and is 
psident of the Island Aquatic Association. He is a loyal 
umber of the Masonic order, affiliated with Wilson 
Idge No. 86, and of the Ancient and Accepted Order of 
Sottish Rites. He is also actively associated with the 
Idependent Order of Foresters, Toronto Lodge, and the 
f julien Lodge of the Independent Order of Odd 
Illows. He is a communicant of St. Paul's Anglican 
Ciurch, of Toronto. 

Mr. Ireland married, in Toronto, May 17, 1917, 
(adys Eastwood, of Toronto. They have one son, 
.'brey Eastwood Ireland. The family reside at No. 
SChicora avenue. 

iRNEST G. BLACK, son of George A. and Alma 
((cConell) Black, was bom at Hamilton, Ontario, 
L 1893. George A. Black has for years been en- 
gged in the real estate business in Toronto. After 
b graduation from McMaster University in 1913, with 
t3 degree of Bachelor of Arts, Ernest G. Black en- 
ted Osgoode Hall Law School and remained there 
util 1915, when he enlisted in the 41st Battery, Cana- 
4n Field Artillery, which was then preparing to go 
osrseas into active service. In February, 1916, he 
sled with the 41st Battery for France and was- in 
siive service from the day of his arrival there until 
Nirch, 1919, holding rank of sergeant. In April, 1919, 
ti was discharged. On his return to Toronto in the 
ring of that year he was called to the bar, associated 
iwself with Mr. Harvey Obee, and as junior member 
5|the firm of Obee & Black, entered general civil prac- 
;k Although the main office of the firm is in To- 
4to, there is a branch offlce at Mt. Dennis, Ontario, 
iS Mr. Black assumes entire charge of the business 
'\re. Mr. Black is a member of the Ontario Bar Associ- 
ipn, and of the Independent Order of Foresters, Sher- 

id Forest. 

n June 17, 1922, Mr. Black was united in marriage 
h Mildred Matthews, daughter of — and Jennie (Blair) 
\jitthews, of No. 35 Dundurn road, Lawrence Park, 
[fonto, Canada. Mr. Matthews was formerly a general 
tjrchant in Acton, Ontario. 

I^OBERT HOLTBY DAVIES— The business founded 
his father claimed Robert Holtby Davies' attention 
ing the greater part of his participation in business 
, after which he retired to his farm, the old St. George 
perty on North Yonge street. His death, occurring 
the period of life when the fruits of experience and 

itured judgment were his, deprived this community 
1 citizen valued and respected and his family of a 

ing and devoted husband and father. Davies is a 
ne through which highly commendable service has 

in rendered Canada, and the name stands high in 

nraercial annals. 

lobert Holtby Davies was born in Toronto, Novem- 

29, 1870, and there attended the public schools, 

ipleting his education at Woodstock College. Enter- 

buainess life, he was for a time employed as clerk with 



I 



John Kay & Company, dry goods merchants, then formed 
an association with the William Davies Company. 
This company, founded by his father, operated a chain 
of grocery stores throughout the Dominion which gained 
and held wide popularity. When this organization 
was incorporated as the William Davies Company, 
Ltd., Robert H. Davies became a director and vice- 
president of the company. He gave the business hLs 
attention in this official capacity until 1906. At this time 
he retired from commercial dealings to engage in farming, 
purchasing the old St. George farm on North Yonge 
street. Mr. Davies had always been fond of out-of-door 
life and animals and in the work on this farm found great 
satisfaction and enjoyment. He continued as a director 
of the William Davies Company, Ltd., and also as a 
director of the Ontario Wind, Enj^ine & Pump Company, 
Ltd. 

Mr. Davies was a member of the Bloor Street Baptist 
Church, and active in all of the work of the congregation. 
He was also a member of the Scarboro Golf Club. A man 
of sterling merit, whose many admirable qualities were 
appreciated by those who were privileged to know him, 
Mr. Davies was of a retiring nature, and in so far as 
was possible, kept from public notice. He had for many 
years been actively interested in the work of the Mus- 
koka Sanatorium, serving as a member of the board, 
and devoted time and effort to furthering its work. 

Mr. Davies married Julia Winnif red Langley, daughter 
of Benjamin and Hannah Cornwall (Smith) Langley, 
her father in the civil service. Mrs. Langley was a 
daughter of William Smith, who owned the first lot in the 
city of Toronto, located on King and Sherbourne streets. 
Mr. and Mrs. Davies had one daughter, Dorothy. Mr. 
Davies' death occurred at Baltimore, Maryland, June 
2, 1919. 

GEORGE BREWER WOODS— Important interests 
in life insurance in Canada form Mr. Woods' chief 
business connections in the Dominion, his home since 
his twentieth year, when he came here from his native 
England. This business has been his lifelong field of 
endeavor, and while earning the responsible place he 
now fills in financial circles he has entered into many 
spheres of Canadian life, fraternal, social, civic and ath- 
letic. 

Mr. Woods is a son of James and Hannah (Howlett) 
Woods, both natives of England, and was born in 
Norfolic county, England, June 16, 1866, receiving his 
education in the private and public schools of Lincoln- 
shire and Northamptonshire, England. His studies 
completed, he entered the office of the Redmond Hill 
Iron Works, at Fodingham in Lincolnshire, and in 1886 
came to Canada. His first commercial venture here was 
in the lumber business in Woodstock, Ontario, but at the 
age of twenty-three years he entered the field of life 
insurance, taking a local agency for the Manufacturers' 
Life Insurance Company at Woodstock. He later accept- 
ed a position with the Home Life Assurance Company of 
Canada, as superintendent of agencies. The latter posi- 
tion he held until 1899, when he organized the Continent- 
al Life Insurance Company. He was the first secretary 
of this company, being appointed general manager 
November 7, 1899, and managing director November 11, 
1903. He was elected second vice-president November 
14, 1906, and on August 11, 1909, became president of the 
company, filling the dual office of president and managing 
director to the present time (1922). The Continental 
Life Insurance Company is numbered among the 
substantial, progressive concerns of the Dominion, and 
its operations have been continuously successful. In 
connection with these activities, Mr. Woods is also vice- 
president of the Jones Brothers Company of Toronto, 



190 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



vice-president of the British-American Security Com- 
pany, and was formerly president of the London and 
Lake Erie Railway and Transportation Company of 
Canada. Mr. Woods was president of the Life Managers 
Association in 1920, president of the Toronto Insurance 
Institute in 1915-16, and has always participated actively 
in the organizations related to his business. 

His social memberships are in the Royal Canadian 
Yacht Club and the Lambton Golf and Country Club. 
Out-of-door sports have always made a strong appeal 
to him, and he has been especially active in cricket, 
serving as president of the Yorkshire Cricket Club, 
champions of Canada for the years 1920 and 1921, and 
as president of the Toronto Cricket Council (1922). 
He is also a member of the Canada Bowling Club. 
Fraternally he holds membership in Ashlor Lodge, No. 
211, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, of Toronto. 
Mr. Woods has always been deeply concerned in church 
work, and is a member of the Synod of Toronto, and 
takes a major interest in sound welfare work. He has 
served for some years on the councils of Toronto charities. 

Mr. Woods married, January 13, 1892, Isabel Dash, 
of Woodstock, Ontario, and they have one child, Cozie 
Isabel. 



Fraternally Mr. Brown is a member of York 
No. 156, Free and Accepted Masons, of which 
past master, and he is past district deputy grand 
of the Grand Lodge of Canada. He is past first pi 
of York Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, and also a r 
of the Cyrene Preceptory. He is past provincial 
prior of the Knights Templars of Canada, a men 
the Scottish Rite bodies, being a thirty-second 
Mason and also a member of the Eastern Star, 
past potentate of the Ancient Arabic Order No 
the Mystic Shrine. Mr. Brown is past master 
Loyal Orange Lodge, of Eglington, and the 
Scarlet Chapter, also of the Royal Black Precep 
the Orangemen. He is a member of the Indep 
Order of Odd Fellows, of the Encampment, and 
Rebekahs; a membet of the Sons of England, 
Ancient Order of United Workmen, of the 1 
Order of Foresters, and of the York Pioneers. His 
affiliation is with the Methodist church. 

Mr. Brown married, on January 1, 1891, 
Ward of Eglington, daughter of the late George 
a man of unusual prominence. Mr. Ward was a 
and served for many years on the road commis 
the county of York and of the town of North T 
Mr. and Mrs. Brown have one son, Ernest W., 
associated with his father in business. 



ALONZO JOHNSON BROWN— Successful in an 
unusual branch of business endeavor, Alonzo J. Brown is 
also widely prominent in fraternal circles in Ontario. 
He comes of an old family in this section, and is a son 
of William and Louisa Brown, of Lambton Mills, William 
Brown having been for many years assessor for the old 
town of North Toronto, and for thirty years assessor 
and collector for the township of York. He had exten- 
sive fanning interests in this vicinity. 

Alonzo Johnson Brown was born in the community 
known as Lambton Mills, August 15, 1865. He received 
his early education in the public schools of the neigh- 
borhood, completing his studies at the Ferguson Acad- 
emy, of Eglington, Ontario. Entering upon farm work 
with his two brothers, Robert and George Brown, he 
was thus active for about two years, then filled the office 
of assistant clerk of the township of York for about one 
year. After that he became associated with Kent Broth- 
ers of Toronto, as a clerk in the office, later becoming a 
member of their sales force and continuing in this 
capacity until the dissolution of the firm. Thereafter, 
Ambrose Kent, one of the brothers, opened a store under 
the firm name of Ambrose Kent & Sons, manufacturing 
jewelry as well as conducting a retail establishment. 
Mr. Brown took charge of the factory, which he man- 
aged for a number of years, then for a time acted as 
salesman. The firm added to their business a regalia 
department, placing Mr. Brown in charge of the business, 
which he eventually absorbed in 1913, since which date 
he has been sole owner, carrying it forward as an in- 
dependent interest. Upon taking over the interest Mr. 
Brown incorporated the concern, holding the office 
of president, his son, Ernest Ward Brown, beingvice- 
president and Mrs. A. J. Brown, secretary and treas- 
urer. They have continued under the firm name of 
Ambrose Kent & Sons, Limited. This is the oldest concern 
of its kind in Toronto, and is a large and constantly 
growing business. 

In the public life of the city Mr. Brown has served 
for a number of years, having been brought forward as 
councillor, and retained in that civic body for a period of 
twelve years. He served as reeve for one year, and for 
four years as mayor of North Toronto. When North 
Toronto was annexed to the city of Toronto, it was Mr. 
Brown, as mayor, who had the honor of turning the keys 
over to Mayor Hocken, of Toronto. 

V 



JAMES STEPHEN LUCKETT holds a note 
position among the manufacturing stationers of C 
as the only manufacturer of ring books in the Doi 
Mr. Luckett is a son of William and Ida (Pike) L 
long residents of the State of Missouri. The fatl 
for many years engaged in farming in that sectii 
is now living retired in Kansas City, but the m( 
deceased. 

James S. Luckett was born in Sedalia, Missi 
September, 1884, and his education was rece 
Kansas City. He entered the business world i 
his first position being with the Baker- Vawter Co 
originators of looseleaf systems on this con tin 
maining with that concern for a period of five yej 
next became identified with the Irving Pitt Cc 
also of Kansas City, manufacturers of ring books, t 
with them for four years. Coming to Toronto i 
Mr. Luckett started in business for himself the f* 
year, establishing and incorporating the business' 
With plant and offices at No. 545 King street, t 
cern has developed a very extensive business 
comparatively short time which has since elapse 
manufacture loose leaf books of every descript' 
their product is sold direct to the stationers, thr 
ness reaching throughout the Dominion of Can: 
various civic interests Mr. Luckett keeps in toi 
the movement of the times, but has little leisurr 
activity outside his business. He is a memb^ 
Canadian Manufacturers' Association, and I 
Knights of Columbus, and is a member of St. i 
de Paul's Church. 

In 1910, at St. Joseph, Missouri, Mr. Lucketi i 
Marie Perkins, of that city, and they have four i 
Willie Ann, James Stephen, Jr., Mary Marg ;i 
Hubert William. The family home is at No. 1 
stance street. 



HENRI GUST AVE SMITH— A musician off 
ability, a writer and critic of French poetry, ai'h 
also the honor of being the first French ba* 
Toronto, Henri G. Smith's versatility is without 'W 
inherent in him, for all this distinction was W' « 
before he was twenty-four years of age. 

He was born in L'Original, in the Province o ')b 
June 21, 1888, son of Dr. G. G. and Augustine (a 



A 





-^^^.ui/'-^l^^-h^ru 




r^ 



1/ 



f^u-r^J^y^^ny 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



191 



b. Dr. G. G. Smith was for thirty-six years one of 
est known physicians in L'Orignal. Henri G. Smith 
his remarkable musical ability to the influence of 
aternal grandfather, Gustave Smith, composer and 
er of music, who came to Canada from France 
time in 1850 and settled in Montreal. There he 
it music for a number of years. It is not surprising 
! told that the fact of his being his teacher's own 
Ison earned for Henri G.nospecialprivilegesave that 
rd work. For special services rendered to France, 
ative country, Gustave Smith was made a Knight 
i Legion of Honor, the only order of France and one 
1 in its higher grades ranks in estimation with the 
st European orders. 

nri G. Smith's general education was obtained at 
lublic schools of L'Orignal. Later he entered Ste. 
^se College near Montreal, and in 1909 he was 
iiated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. In the 
i year he entered Osgoode Hall Law School, Uni- 
i,y of Toronto, graduated in 1912, and entered 
lal civil practice immediately. He has a very large 
lal practice especially among the French speaking 
?e. European lawyers as well as many Montrealand 
iec lawyers engage his services in the interest of 
i Toronto clients. 

I ring the war Mr. Smith spent himself unstintingly 
ying his best talent for the encouragement of war 
iies, for, besides his musical ability, he has also 
fconsiderable experience in theatrical work, giving 
i in both French and English. 
s activities cover a very wide range of interests. 
Include his work as commissioner for Quebec, active 
nership in the Ontario Bar Association, and is 
lily interested in the Alliance Francaise. He does 
I local and foreign corporation work, and is finan- 
[ interested in many other business ventures in and 
I d Toronto. Mr. Smith is a communicant of the 
rin CathoUc church. He is unmarried. 



3VLTER EDMUND LEWIS— In his position as 
flent and manager of the Acme Electro Plating 
tDany, Ltd., of "Toronto, Mr. Lewis, at one time 
ijther, comes in touch with very many of the indus- 
lactivities of the city, and his success is closely 
I i with the general prosperity. Mr. Lewis is a son of 
ii'is William and Mary Elizabeth Lewis, long resi- 
V of Birmingham, England. The father, who was a 
cinist throughout his lifetime, died in 1892. 
^Iter E. Lewis was born in Birmingham, England, 
r 19, 1885, and was educated in the Municipal 
ciical School of that city. For six years he was active 
t^ electro-plating business in Birmingham, then in 
);came to Canada, locating in Toronto. For a few 
« he was employed here in the same business in a 
irgerial capacity, for other concerns, then in 1907 
eablished the present company, which was incorpor- 
«n 1919, of which he has always been the head. The 
ir handles the electro deposition of metals, including 
Id silver and nickel plating, the spraying of metals 
tJi'arious lacquers, the polishing of metallic surfaces, 
d .Iso the oxydizing of metallic surfaces. With a 
)arn plant at No. 64 Richmond street. East, the 
sijss is steadily growing and has long since passed 
J St of time, and stands among the assured successes 
t» day in "Toronto. Mr. Lewis finds little time for 
Tition, or for interests of any nature outside his 
sisss, but is a member of Canada Lodge, No. 532, 
e«and Accepted Masons. He is a member of the 
m-h of England. 

September 27, 1911, Mr. Lewis married, in Toron- 
, label Lillian Smith, and they have two children: 
ar>rie Mabel Isabel, born in 1912, and Walter Ed- 



mund, born in 1916. The family reside at No. 11 Mait- 
land place. 

WILLIAM JOHN SAUNDERSON— Building suc- 
cess upon such foundations as might seem to many most 
unpromising, William J. Saunderson, of Toronto, now 
stands at the head of an important manufacturing 
interest, producing soaps and various oils. 

Mr. Saunderson was born in County Fermanagh, 
Ireland, in 1862, and after acquiring the fundamentals 
of education in the national schools of his native land, 
was employed with his grandfather as cooper, until 
March of 1884. At that time Mr. Saunderson came to 
Toronto, where he entered the employ of McCoU 
Brothers & Company, with which concern he continued 
for a period of twenty-five years, rising in the course of 
that time to foreman and manager of the works depart- 
ment. In 1909 Mr. Saunderson struck out in a different 
field, _ forming a partnership with J. W. Young, and 
entering the soap and oil business, with a plant on the 
Don Esplanade. Their output included liquid soaps, 
linseed oils, greases and lubricating oils. They began 
in a modest way, under the name of the Ontario Soap 
and Oil Company, but the business grew rapidly. Early 
in the history of the enterprise Mr. Young sold his 
interest to W. H. Jackson, and this partnership con- 
tinued until 1912, when it was dissolved, Mr. Saunder- 
son continuing alone, retaining the old firm name. At 
that time he removed to larger quarters on Eastern 
avenue, then in 1917 he secured his present location at 
No. 45 Dickens avenue, and erected a modem four- 
story building, containing 9,600 square feet of floor 
space. The plant was removed to this building in 1918, 
and now occupies two floors, employing twelve people. 
They handle gasoline, in addition to the various commod- 
ities enumerated above, and sell throughout Ontario, 
largely to contractors and manufacturers. Mr. Saunder- 
son is also financially interested in the Riverdale Leather 
Company, Ltd., of which he is president, and which occu- 
pies the two upper floors of his building. This is a growing 
concern, organized in 1919, for the tanning of sheepskin, 
and already taking an assured position in the business' 
world of Toronto. He also owns real estate in the East End, 
and during the past twelve years has built twenty-five 
houses in Ward One. 

In civic and other interests Mr. Saunderson has long 
been active. A Conservative by political faith, he has 
for many years been one of the leaders in Ward One, 
which he represented in the City Council in 1907, 1908 
and 1912. He was president of Ward One Conservative 
Association in 1905 and 1906. He served as a member 
of the works and parks committee, was instrumental 
in accomplishing the erection of the bridge across the 
Don river at Dundas street, and in 1912 in the erection 
of the King street bridge across the same river. During 
the Great War he was active in recruiting work. Mr. 
Saunderson is affiliated, fraternally, with Harmony 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, of which he is a life 
member. He is a member of the Loyal Orange Lodge, in 
which he has filled all chairs, and is a member of Broad- 
view Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fellows. Broadly 
interested in all out-door sports, he is a member of the 
Don Rowing Club, of which he was president in 1916-17- 
18-19. 

Mr. Saunderson married, in Toronto, Mary Roberts, 
and they have four children: Margaret Ethel, now 
private secretary to the minister of education; George 
Stinson, who served as sergeant overseas with the 71st 
Battery, Canadian Expeditionary Forces, is a graduate 
of Osgoode Hall Law School, and now a member of the 
firm of MacKenzie, Roebuck & Saunderson, barristers; 
Mary Evelyn; and David, who is associated with his 



192 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



father in business. The family reside at No. 708 Logan 
avenue, Toronto. 



Bowes, a student. The family attend St. Paul's Me 
odist Church on Avenue road. 



ALBERT ORR HOGG— Standing back of one of the 
most important industries of the Dominion, Albert O. 
Hogg is achieving large success in the handling of seeds, 
grains, peas, etc., for the producers of Canada. A native 
of Ontario, Mr. Hogg is a son of William and Sarah H. 
(Wrightman) Hogg. The father was a man of note in 
York Mills, a merchant and owner of both flour and 
grain mills, a man of prominence in public life, particular- 
ly in the advancement of temperance reform in a 
day when declaration for abstinence required courage of 
a high order. 

Albert Orr Hogg was born at York Mills, Ontario, 
February 22, 1863, and educated in the public schools of 
his native place. At the age of twenty-one years he 
became associated with T. McGlashan & Company as a 
partner in their general store at Oakwood, Ontario, later, 
after the death of Mr. McGlashan he formed a partner-, 
ship with his brother, W. T. Hogg, under the firm name 
of Hogg Brothers. With this change he also added to 
the general store a grain and seed business, which he 
continued until 1902. Selling the store interest at that 
time to Pascoe Brothers, the firm carried forward the 
business in grain, seed, peas and general farm seeds, 
buying out John Hume of Port Hope, in 1903, and two 
years later buying out the John H. Allan Seed Company 
of Picton. Reselling the Port Hope business to its 
original owner in 1906, they opened a branch at Port 
Huron, Michigan, but finding the duty prohibitive, they 
removed the Port Huron business to Oshawa, Ontario, 
thereafter conducting the business from Oshawa and 
Picton, and adopting as a motto, or slogan, "All Cana- 
dian Grown Seeds." Meanwhile in 1902 the company 
was incorporated, under the name of Hogg & Lytle, Lim- 
ited, A. O. Hogg being the president, H. J. Lytle Lind- 
say, the vice-president, E. G. Lytle, secretary, and J. R. 
Hogg of Winnipeg, treasurer, this being the present 
personnel of the concern. In the course of its growth 
and expansion, the company built grain elevators and 
began the handling of grain grown on contract, and the 
various branches of their business now reach throughout 
the Dominion. With head office in Toronto for the past 
fifteen years, they now have twenty different branch 
offices in the various Provinces, and are the largest 
growers and dealers in grain and peas for seed purposes 
in Canada. They are also large exporters of clover seed 
and various grains. 

The company is represented in the Grain Exchange of 
Calgary and Winnipeg, having an office in the Winnipeg 
Grain Exchange, which takes care of the western busines, 
and which is under the management of Mr. J. R. Hogg, 
the treasurer of the concern. An interesting feature of 
the_ business is the policy of the company which makes 
their branch managers stockholders in the business. 
As the head of this great interest Albert O. Hogg is a 
member of the American Grain Dealers' National 
Association, and of the American Seed Trade. In connec- 
tion with the above, his principal business, Mr. Hogg is 
president of the Bowes Company, of Toronto, and is a 
director of the Steele-Briggs Seed Company. He is vice- 
president of the Toronto Board of Trade, and has been 
a member of the council of the board for four years, 
was chairman of the grain section, and now chairman 
of the survey board and of the grain standards board. 

Mr. Hogg married, on October 20, 1886, Hannah 
Jane Bowes, daughter of William and Elizabeth (How- 
ard) Bowes, and they have three children: Ida Gertrude, 
the wife of Murray Gordon of Toronto; James Howard, 
who Ls identified with the above business; and Murray 



WILFRID HENRY BOURDON— One of the s 

cessful members of the Ontario bar is Wilfrid H. Bourd' 
whose office is located in Toronto, at No. 2910A Dum 
street, West. Mr. Bourdon is a son of Augustus Bourd 
formerly well known in Toronto as a furrier, who d 
when Mr. Bourdon was still a young lad. His moth 
Emilie Adelaide Anderson, is the wife of Alexani 
James Anderson, K.C. 

Wilfrid H. Bourdon was born in Toronto, Novetnl 
10, 1886, and received his early education in the puV 
schools of his native city. He matriculated at Hun^ 
side Collegiate Institute, Mr. Bourdon thert; 
prepared for his profession at Osgoode Hall Law Scl 
finishing his studies in the office of Anderson & 
Master. Remaining with this firm until 1915, .. 
Bourdon then opened his present office, and has sit 
conducted a general practice as barrister, with s;ratv 
ing success. 

Politically Mr. Bourdon identifies himself with t 
Liberal party. He is a member of the Empire Club, a 
of the Presbyterian church. 

On April 6, 1912, Mr. Bourdon married EHzabe 
Townsley, daughter of the late George Stockdi 
Townsley, and they are the parents of two childre 
Wilfreda Stockdale, born in 1915, and Douglas Mu 
roe, born in 1920. The family reside at No. 35 La 
street. West, Toronto. 

GEORGE ALEXANDER HODGSON was bom 

Toronto on December, 1, 1883, son df William W. a; 
Isabella (Shuter) Hodgson. His father's arrangemer 
for his education followed an ideal plan. He was enter 
as a pupil in the public schools of Toronto, and ad 
receiving his preliminary education in this manner, » 
sent to Parkdale Collegiate Institute for academic stui 
Upon leaving Parkdale, he entered the British Canadi 
Business College, where he completed the entire cou 
of study, and from which he graduated with a practi 
as well as a theoretical knowledge of business methi 
and affairs. 

Mr. Hodgson began his business career by enter 
the Gutta Percha and Rubber Company, Ltd., k 
stenographer. In 1902, after having spent two yfj 
in this position, he became cashier and secretary fwj 
Acme Loan and Savings Company. He occupie' 
position from 1902 to 1907, and then entered the I 
of the Standard Loan Company, as cashier. In ' 
he relinquished this position in order to become ao 
ant and superintendent of properties for the Dova 
Land Company. He found this position agreeablej 
remained with the company for six years. In ISlT 
decided to establish a business of his own and fo 
the wholesale hardware house that bears his name, 
deals principally in hardware specialties and supp 
and his company is well known throughout the Prov 
of Ontario. 

Mr. Hodgson is closely idenified with the life oi 
native city, and takes an active part in many of its I 
ness and social activities. He is the first vice-presi 
of the North Toronto Liberal Conservative Associa 
and a director of the Ontario Safety League. !!i ; 
ex-president of the Ontario Motor League, and v,a 
of the organizers of the Parkdale Canoe Club, of v. 
he was also the first vice-commodore. He is an a 
member of the Board of Trade of Toronto. In relii ' 
faith, Mr. Hodgson is a Presbyterian. He is well ki 
in Masonic circles, being a member of Corinthian Lij 
Free and Accepted Masons. He is a past master of II 
ham Lodge, No. 286, Ancient Order of United Work f 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



198 



elongs to the Loyal Orange Lodge. He also belongs 
I Loyal True Blue Lodge; the Excelsior Preceptory 
i Royal Black Knights of Ireland; and he holds 
lership in the Kiwanis Club, in which he is active. 
. Hodgson married, in June, 1904, Hortense E. 
daughter of the late Frank S. and Emily (Mellish) 
Mr. and Mrs. Hodgson have five children; Leslie 
^Uiam W., who was named for his paternal grand- 
•; Melville A.; Hortense Eileen; and Ross M. 



UN H. CAMPBELL— One of the most important 
tries of the Province of Ontario is the production 
, and in this business the leading name is that of the 
lian Flax Mills, Ltd., the largest growers of flax 
! Dominion. Of this concern John H. Campbell 
•-president and manager. Mr. Campbell is a son 
!omas and Margaret Campbell, residents of Ayr- 
Scotland, and his father is well known in railway 
there, being divisional superintendent, 
n H. Campbell was born in Ayrshire, Scotland, in 
t, 1888, and was educated in the public and high 
s of his native land. Entering the business world 
ined valuable general experience in financial affairs, 
II the practical details of the textile business. In 
he came to Canada, and becoming associated with 
William MacKenzie, was identified with the Mac- 
ii interests for a period of six years. In 1919, al- 

I still connected, in an official capacity, with cer- 
iterests of Sir William MacKenzie, Mr. Campbell 
e associated with the Canadian Flax Mills, Ltd., 
!-president and general manager, and his time has 
)een largely devoted to the progress of this con- 
rhe significance of their activities is directly rele- 
I the purpose and spirit of an industrial record such 
, The Canadian Flax Mills, Limited, are growers 
for seed and fibre, and various grades of tows, in 
ir 1920 growing three thousand two hundred acres 
;ario, and operating seven mills in the western 
f the Province. The flax is not harvested by 
, but is hand pulled, for which work Indian labor 
eyed. It is then thrashed, and the straw taken to 
ds to be rotted, then the rotted flax taken to the 

10 be scutched, after which the scutched fibre is 
' the spinners. This product is marketed principal 
» England and on the continent of Europe. The by- 
Uts of these processes are, however, no small part 
I'output of the concern. Of these the seeds are the 
important. They are put through a cleaning process 
f moles of the best quality are sent to the govem- 

I I Ottawa, for tests in regard to purity, germina- 
' '.vpight. If these samples meet the government 

, inspectors are sent to grade the flax seed. The 

■ is used for seed for the next year's crop, the 

ade is used for linseed oil, and the third for 

' he meal which has become an important part 

h, balanced ration for stock. The Canadian Flax 

Isl.imited, is the foremost concern in this industry 

I, and Mr. Campbell is the active manager of 

ss. He is president of the Pioneer Asphalt 

of LawTenceville, Illinois, and president of 
rsal Drier Corporation of Buffalo, New York. 
the World War Mr. Campbell served with the 

Tool Steel Company, as business manager. 
em was very active in manufacturing shells 
inpire, and was also a MacKenzie company, 
■lember of the Knights of Columbus, and his 
iffiliation is with the Conservative party. 

Mr. Campbell married, in Toronto, Jessie W. 
ho came from Scotland to be married. They 
; ndian grove, in Toronto, and attend the Roman 
church. 



JOHN PRATT PATTERSON-President and general 
manager of Norris-Patterson, Ltd., and well known 
in the business world as an expert in the field of adver- 
tising, Mr. Patterson was born at Toronto, August 18, 
1874, son of Thomas and Jane (Williams) Patterson. 
His father, who was a member of the Canadian Civil 
Service, is now retired. His mother died some years 
ago. 

Mr. Patterson was educated at the Winchester and 
Dufferin public schools, and after graduating from 
high school, proceeded to Upper Canada College, where 
he completed his education. 

After his graduation from college, Mr. Patterson 
decided to enter the field of business and accordingly 
formed a connection with the "Mail and Empire." He 
was employed in the financial department of the paper 
and maintained the connection for fourteen years. At 
the end of that period, he resigned his position in order 
to become the manager of the Sun Printing Company, at 
St. John, New Brunswick. This connection, however, 
did not prove entirely satisfactory to Mr. Patterson, so 
he resigned at the end of a few months, and in 1908, re- 
turned to Toronto, as advertising manager of the "Can- 
adian Courier." Three years later, he left the "Courier" 
in order to accept an offer from the Wood-Norris Com- 
pany, Ltd., Advertising Agency. He presently became 
a member of the firm and was elected to fill the office 
of vice-president. The company has since been re- 
organized and the name changed to Norris-Patterson, 
Limited. At the time of the reorganization, Mr. Patterson 
became president and general manager of the company, 
the position he now holds. 

In politics, Mr. Patterson is a Conservative. Before 
the town of North Toronto became a part of the city, 
Mr. Patterson held the office of town councillor. Since 
1919 he has served as a justice of the peace for Toronto. 
He was formerly a member of H. Company, "Queen's 
Own Rifles," of Toronto. 

In religious faith, Mr. Patterson is a member of the 
Church of England. He is a Mason, a member of York 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons; St. Paul's Chapter, 
Royal Arch Masons; Geoffrey de St. Aldemar Preceptory, 
Knights Templar; Rameses Temple, Ancient Arabic 
Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine; and the Scottish 
Rite. He is also a member of the Canadian Order 
of Foresters. He holds membership in the National Club; 
the Albany Club; the Royal Canadian Yacht Club; 
the Rosedale Golf Club; the Rotary Club; the Old 
Colony Club; the Engineers' Club, of Montreal; the 
Empire Club; the Canadian Club; and the Board of 
Trade of Toronto. 

Mr. Patterson married, on June 21, 1893, at Toronto, 
Millia Harold, daughter of the late Richard and Elizabeth 
(Hands) Harold, of Palmerston. Mr. and Mrs. Patterson 
had one son, Thomas Harold Patterson, who was bom 
February 21, 1895, and died June 22, 1901, when nearly 
six and a half years of age. 

JOHN B. SHIELDS is a native of Ontario, having 
been born upon a large farm in the Niagara Peninsula, 
Caistor township, Lincoln county. He is a son of William 
and Margaret (Beattie) Shields, and was born May 7, 
1851. His father, who made scientific agriculture his 
life work, was the owner of a large farm, and the early 
years of Mr. Shields' life were spent in general work in 
connection with its care and management. He was 
especially interested in the scientific care and raising 
of fine cattle and hogs. He was farsighted enough to 
realize that, as the population increased, the need for 
stock-raising on a large scale would become imperative. 
He saw the great future of the cattle industry and de- 
termined that when the time for large methods and 



194 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



scientific production came, he would be ready to meet it. 
Throughout his long career he has held steadily tohis 
early belief in the importance of scientific cattle raising, 
and his success bears eloquent witness to the soundness 
of his judgment. 

While he was quite a young man, Mr. Shields came to 
Toronto, Ontario, and established himself as a buyer 
and seller of. cattle. In connection with this business 
he opened a small meat market. He succeeded greatly 
in this enterprise and as time went on his desire to under- 
stand every phase of his chosen business led him to make 
many trips across the Atlantic to Britain with cattle 
destined for sale in the home markets. This work, how- 
ever, was unprofitable in itself, and Mr. Shields engaged 
in it merely because of his indefatigable industry and 
natural thoroughness which would not suffer him to 
rest until he had an intimate personal acquaintance 
with every branch of cattle raising and marketing. 

Finally, in 1884, Mr. Shields came to Toronto and 
began his long and honorable career as one of the city's 
business men. His first place of business was a small 
stand located near the markets. From this vantage 
ground, he bought and sold cattle on commission. The 
number and size of his cattle pens were limited to twenty 
for cattle and three for hogs, but from this modest be- 
ginning the business grew until it attained its present 
large proportions. For a time Mr. Shields devoted part 
of his time to the care of an extensive farm near the city, 
but with the growth of the commission business, he 
found it necessary to discontinue his activities in connec- 
tion with the management of the farm and to give all of 
his attention to his commercial business. Mr. Shields 
and his son, W. Herbert Shields, who is associated with 
him, are well known throughout the Dominion, and his 
firm is one of the leading commission houses of Toronto. 
Mr. Shields is a member of the Broadway Methodist 
Church. 

On December 3, 1879, Mr. Shields married Mary 
Elizabeth Sloan, and they are the parents of the follow- 
ing children; W. Herbert, who is connected with his 
father in business; Harry James; Ross Lester; and Olive 
Maud. During the World War, Harry James Shields, 
who is a physician, held a commission as captain and 
served on the staff of base hospital in France. He is 
now on the staff of the General Hospital, Toronto. 
Mr. Shields' youngest son, Ross Lester Shields, also 
served overseas during the World War. He held the 
rank of captain in the Imperial army and was in active 
service for four and a half years. He is now practicing 
medicine in Kitchener, Ontario. 



He is independent in political faith, and a member 
Methodist church. 

Mr. Pritchard married, in Hamilton, Ontario, 
16, 1919, Bertha Chalmers, daughter of the late 1 
end David Chalmers. 



MORLEY C. PRITCHARD— The half decade of Mr. 
Pritchard's professional activity has been a record of 
consistent and well rewarded effort. His legal work 
is general in character, tending toward specialization 
in real estate law. 

Mr. Pritchard, son of Arthur W. and Eleanor (Hor- 
ton) Pritchard, was bom in Smith's Falls, Ontario; 
there and at Hamilton, he attended the public schools. 
A course in the Hamilton Collegiate Institute followed, 
and after two years in the arts course at Queen's Uni- 
versity, he took up legal study. He was called to the 
bar in May, 1916, opening an office in October of that 
year and has since followed professional work with 
excellent success. Real estate law has made an especial 
appeal to him and while he has been connected with 
all forms of civil litigation, a large share of his practice 
has been in property cases. Mr. Pritchard is a member 
of the Canadian Bar Association, fraternizes with the 
Masonic order in Oakwood Lodge, and is also an Orange- 
man, serving as master of Earl Roberts Lodge, No. 2614. 



JOHN MacLEAN— A member of a well 1 
Scotch family, Mr. MacLean was born at New 
Callanish, Stornoway, Scotland, July 18, 1877, i 
John and Mary (Smith) MacLean. His father, wl 
a dealer, was born in Scotland in 1830. He died ir 
and was survived by Mrs. MacLean, who, like h: 
was of Scottish birth, having been born in the 
Country in 1836. Mr. and Mrs. MacLean always 
tained their home in New Park and Mrs. MacLe: 
occupies the family residence. 

Mr. MacLean was educated in the public s 
of his native land. Graduating from the high scl 
1893, he went to London, England, at an earl; 
and found an opening in the wholesale dry 
business as a traveling salesman for the London d 
He was eminently successful as a salesman, an 
tinued to travel for the firm for a period of eight 
He came to Canada in 1906 and established a c 
tion with a dry goods firm in Montreal, similar to t 
he had so long maintained at London. Hespen 
years as a traveling salesman for this house, a 
observation for detail and keen interest in property 
led him to acquire a great deal of useful informa 
regard to real estate. In 1910 he saw that hen( 
his abilities would be best employed in the sa 
management of properties, and, accordingly, he e 
the field of real estate by joining the Marcil Trust 
pany, Ltd., of Montreal. He was a salesman f( 
company for six months, and was then made 
manager,, a position he retained for five years 
established himself as an independent dealer. He ( 
his first office on St. James street, Montreal, in 
and three years later came to Toronto as the ex 
selling agent for the Danforth-Glebe Estates. I 
Toronto office Mr. MacLean selected the prem 
No. 45 Adelaide street. East, with a branch ol 
the property. Before long, the branch office at 
wood and Danforth avenues became the scene of b 
activity, the large ofliice building that now oi 
the site being erected by Mr. MacLean to hoi 
main office. The floors of the new building are subt 
into suites for professional men, and are chiefly o( 
by lawyers, surveyors, dentists and doctors. Ii 
Mr. MacLean opened another branch office at Ji 
and Danforth avenues, and in 1919 a third branc 
was established at Donland and Danforth a- 
Everyone who knows Toronto remembers the Da 
Glebe property as it was a few years ago when 
under cultivation by the Rotary Club. To-da: 
entirely built up with beautiful homes, and is con 
the best section of property in the Danforth < 
Mr. MacLean is now engaged in developing tl' 
forth Gardens in the east end of Toronto, and the 
property in the same locality which he bought a 
to a syndicate which will develop the property i 
high class residential section. 

A man of great constructive energy and visii 
a lifelong student of cities, he is a firm believer i 
planning and the value of beauty in building as c 
to mere utilitarianism. A member of the Real 
Board of Toronto, he believes in Canadian ho s 
Canadian people, and as one of the first to fori « 
shortage of houses that followed the World 'S r 
has rendered Toronto a signal service in showin « 
earners and others the way to the true independe: s 
comes from owning one's own home. Mr. MacL n 



^ 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



195 



lember of the Presbyterian church. In politics, he is a 
Conservative. He belongs to Lodge No. 613 of Toronto, 
rder of Orangemen; and is a Mason, member of El- 
in Lodge, No. 7, Montreal. His residence ia at No. 9 
later boulevard. 

Mr. MacLean married, on June 26, 1919, in Toronto, 
lorence King, daughter of Arthur and Annie King. 
Irs. MacLean was born at St. John, New Brunswick, 
er father being a well known business man of that 
lace. Children: Mary Ann, born August 1, 1921, and 
ohn Malcolm King, born November 20, 1922. 

GORDEN CAMPBELL CREAN— At the head of one 
t the thriving and progressive Canadian industries 
aving factory and head offices in Toronto, Gorden C. 
Crean is well known in business circles in Ontario. Mr. 
rean comes of Irish ancestry and is a son of Thomas 
nd Jessie (Sutherland) Crean. 

Gorden C. Crean was born in the city of Toronto, 
ebruary 8, 1865. Receiving his education at the Model 
?hool, of Toronto, Mr. Crean entered business at the 
;e of eighteen years, his first position being in the whole- 
ile grocery business, with Warren Brothers & Boomer. 
1 this connection he acted as clerk, also was more or less 
igaged on the road, and remained with the same con- 
■rn for a period of seven years. He then became identi- 
!d with the general fire insurance business, in association 
ith J. B. Reed, acting as a field man, and was here, also, 
ir seven years. He then became a member of the firm 

Robert Crean & Company, Ltd., in the year 1899. 
pe origin of this concern dates back to the year 1875, 
len the late Robert C. Crean and George H. Hastings 
gan the manufacture of hats. Year by year the business 
ew, and from time to time the plant was enlarged and 
i capacity increased, until the company now has a 
^ir-story-and-basement building of the most approved 
;)dern construction. Becoming a part of this organiza- 
yn in 1899, Mr. Crean was engaged in general detail 
■irk in various departments of the plant, also travelling 
tficiently to keep in personal touch with the trade. 
t)on the death of the founder, Mr. Robert C. Crean, 
vrden C. Crean became president of the concern, and 
Is since also acted as general manager. The plant and 
hd offices are located at No. 12-18 Balmuto street, 
"Pronto, and they manufacture men's fur felt hats, and 
\;ious styles of straw hats, specializing in the straw 
ciartments, in hats for children and men. They are 
I'ders in this line in Ontario, and cover the Dominion 
fiHi Halifax to Vancouver. 

I member of the Canadian Manufacturers' Associa- 
tji, Mr. Crean also holds membership in the Toronto 
tird of Trade. His more personal interests include 
n,(nbership in the Royal Canadian Yacht Club, the 
I -onto Hunt, Eglington, and Zetland Lodge, Free and 
A'epted Masons. He is also a member of the Canadian 
Cb of New York. His chief recreation is bowling, and 
hit a member of Westminster Church. 

ilr. Crean married, in 1909, Lauda Gale, daughter 
: 5W. J. Gale, and they are the parents of two children : 
Hn Gale, born November 4, 1910; and Gorden Gale, 
W-i April 29, 1914. 



^iEORGE DAVID OAKLEY— Making the trade 
•f; he learned in his native England the basis of his 
>i|ider business operations, George David Oakley won 
111 standing in his special field of endeavor, that of 
t e cutting, and built up an organization that, finally 
njrporated as George Oakley & Son, Ltd., ranks second 
oone in the Dominion. This record is a memorial not 
to a successful, progressive business man, but to a 
of Toronto who met his fellows in sincere de- 
-•^cy and good will that extended to all relations of life. 



George David Oakley was born in Brighton, England, 
and died in Toronto, in 1919. He was educated m the 
schools of his birthplace, and as a youth learned the stone 
cutter's trade, coming to Canada at the age of nineteen 
years. He remained for a time at Montreal and shortly 
afterward proceeded to Saginaw, Michigan, where he con- 
tinued to follow his trade and where he was married. 
In April, 1872, he came to Toronto, being employed as a 
stone cutter until 1885 when, impressed with the oppor- 
tunities for an independent venture, he entered the 
business for himself, locating on the east side of William 
street. He specialized in cut stone for buildings, and a 
steady increase in patronage took him to larger quarters 
on Richmond street, West, in the rear of the York 
School. In 1890 he entered a partnership under the 
firm name of Oakley & Holmes for work as contracting 
masons, and their yards were located on Wellington 
street, between Bay and York streets. This association 
was in force until the fall of 1903, Mr. Oakley in the 
meantime continuing his stone operations, and in this 
year he sold his interest to Mr. Holmes and devoted him- 
self entirely to his first enterprise. His son, George, 
was admitted as a partner under the firm name of George 
Oakley & Son, and in 1906 incorporation was made as 
George Oakley & Son, Ltd., the business then being 
moved to a location at Booth avenue, where the sub- 
sequent vigorous growth has been accommodated. The 
most modern machinery for cutting, planing and finish- 
ing stone has been installed as improvements in this 
type of equipment have been made, and until Mr. 
Oakley's death he was president of the company, his 
son, George Oakley, vice-president. In 1918, the year 
before the death of the elder Oakley, a plant for cutting 
marble used for interior purposes was opened at Carlan 
avenue, and the firm's products are now cut stone of all 
kinds and marble used in building purposes. George 
Oakley & Son, Limited, also control the Central Canada 
Cut Stone Company, Ltd., George Oakley, son of George 
D. Oakley, having been president of that company from 
the time of its establishment. The company's plant 
is located at Point Edward, Ontario, and ships cut stone 
to all parts of Canada. George Oakley & Son, Limited, 
with this subsidiary, comprise one of the largest organi- 
zations in its field in Canada and the company owns the 
largest stone-cutting plant in the country. Among the 
notable structures for which cut stone was supplied by 
the company, are the new Arena at the Exhibition 
grounds, the New Union Station on Front street, the 
new Knox College, the Toronto Stock Exchange, the 
Central Technical School, the new Registry building 
and many others equally well known. 

While Mr. Oakley was an efficient, energetic business 
man and absorbed in the upbuilding of a creditable 
enterprise, he enjoyed social relations with his fellows 
and was a devoted follower of bowling, being a member of 
the Balmy Beach Bowling Club. He fraternized with the 
Masonic order and the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, and was a Liberal in politics. 

George D. Oakley married Ann Todd, of Saginaw, 
Michigan, who was born in Ireland, and they were the 
parents of: Charles, associated with George Oakley & 
Son, Ltd., Emma Jane; George, a sketch of whom fol- 
lows: Cornelius James, deceased; and John P., a resid- 
ent of New York City. 

GEORGE OAKLEY — Trained under the instruction 
of his father in Toronto, and in England under highly 
skilled artisans, George Oakley began active life as a 
stone cutter, and since 1903 has been an official of 
George Oakley & Son, Limited, of which he is now presi- 
dent. He is a son of George D. Oakley (see preceding 
sketch), and was bom in Toronto, April 25, 1877. 



196 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



After attending Toronto public schools he served 
an apprenticeship as a stone cutter under his father, 
and as a youth of twenty years, went to England and 
for three years was employed at his trade, acquiring 
a valuable experience and knowledge of various methods 
and systems used in his business. Upon his return, 
he continued work in this field, and in 1903 was admitted 
to partnership with his father, their business being 
incorporated in 1906 as George Oakley & Son, Limited, 
Mr. Oakley at this time becoming vice-president of the 
company, succeeding to the presidency upon the death 
of his father, and he is also president of the Central 
Canada Cut Stone Company, Ltd. The work and 
record of these organizations are outlined in the preced- 
ing sketch of his father, George D. Oakley. 

Mr. Oakley is a member of the Toronto Builders' 
Exchange, of which he has been president and for many 
years a member of the board of directors, and he is also 
a member of the International Cut Stone Contractors' 
and Quarrymen's Association, having been a member 
of its executive board for a number of years, being the 
only Canadian to have filled the presidency of that 
association. He is also a member of the Canadian 
Manufacturers' Association and the Board of Trade, 
and although public life has made little appeal to him, 
he represented the First Ward on the Board of Education 
for two years. He fraternizes with the Masonic order, 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and the Loyal 
Orange Lodge, and is a member of several clubs, including 
the Albany, Mississauga Golf, Engineers' and Granite. 
He is a communicant of the Anglican Church. Mr. 
Oakley finds his chief recreation in golf, and when oppor- 
tunity offers, he is usually found upon the links. 

Mr. Oakley married Ethel Priestman, of this city, and 
they are the parents of: Clifford, Sydney, Gladys, and 
Muriel. 

JAMES HILTON HOFFMAN— In the group of 
leading professional men of Toronto is numbered 
James H. Hoffman, who is a son of James H. and 
Elizabeth (Langrill) Hoffman, both natives of Ontario, 
and both now deceased. The father was for many years 
a barber in Toronto. 

Mr. Hoffman was born in Beaton, Ontario, May 7, 
1870, and attended the public schools of Orangeville, 
Ontario, then the Orangeville Collegiate Institute, after 
which he prepared for his profession at Osgoode Hall 
Law School, of Toronto. He was called to the bar in 
September, 1891, but began his career in the States, at 
Bay City, Michigan. Returning to Toronto in 1897, 
Mr. Hoffman practiced here for a period of four years. 
From 1901 to 1908 he was in business, acting as the 
Toronto representative of the International Correspon- 
dence School, of Scranton, Pennsylvania. Resuming 
his law practice in 1908, he is still thus engaged, and has 
attained an assured position in the profession as a general 
practitioner, and has made a special study of corporation 
law. He is a member of the Ontario Bar Association, 
and politically is a Conservative. 

Mr. Hoffman married, in Toronto, Caroline R. How- 
ard, and they have two children. The family reside on 
Huron street, and attend the Methodist church. 

WILLIAM ROBERTSON— A representative of an 
ancient Scottish family, Mr. Robertson was born at 
Hamilton, in Scotland, January 25, 1854, son of William 
and Janet (Bennett) Robertson. He received his early 
education in the pubjic schools of his native land, and 
being thrown upon his own resources at the age of ten 
years, he went to work in the Scotch coal mines and 
spent five years in that hazardous and ill-requited em- 
ployment. He left the coal mines at the age of fifteen 



and hired himself out as an apprentice to a grocer 
spent four years in learning the grocery business, a 
the end of that time, no other opportunity prese 
itself, he was obliged to return to the mines. By di 
the utmost frugality and economy he managed to s; 
couple of hundred dollars and in 1874 came to Ca 
to try his luck in a new country. His first occupati 
the Dominion was that of a farm hand on a place 
St. George, Ontario. He spent a year in this po! 
and then started a small grocery store at the c 
of King and Sackville streets, Toronto. He condi 
this business successfully for a period of seven j 
but was at last obliged to sell out, on account 
health. At this crisis in his affairs, Mr. Robertso 
cided to seek the beneficial influences of the north v 
and went up to Parry Sound, Ontario, and settli 
Dunchurch. At that time the little settlement of 
church was one hundred and eighty miles from the 
way, the nearest station being Bracebridge. Th« 
across country from Bracebridge consumed a v, 
time and was not without its hazards. At Dunch 
Mr. Robertson established a small general store, and t 
for thirty years, he lived a peaceful and contented 
The curative, open-air existence in the primeval v 
completely restored his health, and his business 
pered. Every one who followed the trail in the r 
of Parry Sound knew Robertson's at Dunchurch 
in the memory of thousands who dared the perils 
adventures of the North, it takes its place as a par 
picturesque era. Not without reluctance did Mr. Ro 
son finally decide to leave the neighborhood of 1 
Sound and to bring his family back to the city. I 
turned to Toronto in 1907, and soon found his pU 
the business life of the community. He invested c< 
in a retail lumber and hardware business, built a { 
of seven stores on Dupont street, near Christie, 
purchased valuable real estate. In 1912 he starte 
Robertson Coal Company, in the management of i 
he is still actively engaged. He also devotes a con 
able portion of his time to his real estate business, ^ 
has of late years become varied in character an 
tensive in scope. Few men have had life so comp 
revealed to them as Mr. Robertson. He has been 
ileged to know men of all ranks and conditions. C 
the greatest factors in his success was his willingn 
take life on its own terms, to live as a man amoni 
wherever he found them. j 

Mr. Robertson is a member of the Presbyterian cl 
and of Orient Lodge, Free and Accepted Masoni 
Oakwood Lawn Bowling Club, and the Toronto 
of Trade. 

Mr. Robertson married, in 1877, Eliza Mfl 
daughter of Ludvich McBean, and they have a 1 
of ten children, six sons and four daughters, all of I 
are living. Mr. Robertson's sons are: Williaii 
Lewis N.; Charles A.; George B.; Angus N., a v* 
of the World War; Roy M. also a veteran of the 
War; and his daughters are: Emily M., Mini 
Marion E., and Gertrude. Mr. and Mrs. Roberfci 
side at No. 189 Pinewood road. 

ALFRED HEALD — One of the many brancs 
industrial activity which gives Toronto her eire 
as a manufacturing city is the Dominion Machi i 
Tool Company, Limited, of which Alfred Heald ' 
manager. 

Mr. Heald is a native of England, born in Fit 
Lancashire, July 2, 1880. Educated in the public lo 
of his native city, he entered the cotton mills at « i 
of ten years, and until he was thirteen worked a h ' c 
and attended school a half day, thereafter working 1 1 
time. At the age of fifteen years he was apprentic t 



jI 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



197 



lachinist, and served for six years, thoroughly mastering 
le trade. In the spring of 1903 Mr. Heald came to Cana- 
3. with his brother Arthur, locating in Toronto. He 
!cured employment at his trade with Massey, Harris 

Company, Limited, and remained for one year. He 
len became identified with the Canada Foundry Com- 
my, and was in their tool room for one year, then 
distant foreman. His next step carried him to Hamil- 
m, Ontario, where he was connected with the Westing- 
)use Company for a short time, then in 1905 he entered 
e employ of the Business Systems, Limited, where for 
ree years he was engaged as a toolmaker. This breadth 

experience was of great value to Mr. Heald in his 
■xt venture, when, in partnership with his brother, he 
tablished the firm of Heald Brothers, for the manu- 
cture of dies and tools. This business continued 
r three years under the same management, but at the 
d of that time Alfred Heald was induced to withdraw 
)m the firm, and became a member of a newly estab- 
hed concern, the Dominion Machine and Tool Com- 
ny, Limited. This was organized in 1912, Mr. D. S. 
lird, of the Business Systems, Limited, being one of 
e organizers. The officers of the concern are F. M. 
!mhark, president, D. S. Baird, secretary, and Alfred 
!ald, manager and vice-president. The plant was 
l5t located at No. 52 Spadina avenue, then requiring 
I )re space they removed to No. 386 Wellington street, 
'ast, and still greater expansion becoming imperative, 
(;y removed to their present fine plant at No. 77 
Iter street, in the spring of 1918. The firm occupies 
lo floors at the present address, and also two smaller 
:ildings in the rear, where are located their foundry 
d their sheradizing plant for rust-proofing iron and 
iel by a zinc process. They are doing a very ex- 
tisive and constantly increasing business, and are 
tiing rank with the leaders in the world of mechanics 
':: Ontario. Mr. Heald is broadly interested in all 
i/ance, but finds little leisure for matters outside his 
Diiness. He is a member of St. Albans Lodge, Free and 
??epted Masons. 

n 1903, Mr. Heald married, in Toronto, Emily 
Jdnson, and they have six children: Lillian May, 
LDrge Alfred, Beatrice Margaret, Doris Luella Doreen, 
tzel Irene, Norman. 



)AVID DIXON was born at Erie, Wellington county, 
Dtario, December 21, 1863, son of William and Margar- 
i' Morton) Dixon, and grandson of George Dixon. At 
;1 time of the first disastrous fire that destroyed the 
ronto Globe Newspaper building, George Dixon had 
riis possession the only original copies of the "Globe." 
r Be he had been careful to save over a period of years 
« , as they were the only known copies of the file in 
» tence, they became of great value. 

Ir. Dixon received his early education in the public 
lools of Erie and at the Orangeville High School. 
^;r his preliminary education was completed, he 
K ked on the family farm until he was about twenty-two 
I'fs old. He then decided to continue his studies by 
ang a special course at the Orangeville High School. 
H was engaged in study for a period of two years, and 
il it 1866 came to Toronto, where he obtained employ- 
Ti t in the establishment of William Rennie, the well 
«wn seed merchant. He stayed with Mr. Rennie for 
|cjt one year and then became a clerk for W. Harris 
B ompany. His ability being marked, he was rapidly 
3r noted by Mr. Harris and finally became ofl^ce 
n ager for the firm. All told, his connection with this 
■s blishment lasted for twenty-four years and was 
nntained by Mr. Dixon to the entire satisfaction 
)f IS employers. His retirement was a source of deep 
■e(3t to all his business associates. 



In 1911 Mr. Dixon decided to enter the field of business 
on his own account and purchased the properties of two 
plumbers' supply manufacturing concerns, those of 
W. B. Malcolm & Company, and Earsman Brothers. 
Mr. Dixon consolidated these properties, each of which 
had been established for about thirty-five years. After 
the_ consolidation was effected, he reorganized the 
business and introduced new and scientific methods of 
production. As a manufacturer of plumbing supplies, 
Mr. Dixon has been very successful and his firm handles 
a large volume of business. A keen student of affairs 
and an energetic and resourceful manager, he is highly 
respected in the business circles of Toronto and among 
Canadian manufacturers in general. He is an active 
and enthusiastic member of the Canadian Manufactur- 
ers' Association and is interested in all matters pertaining 
to the welfare of Toronto and the Dominion. Mr. 
Dixon is a member of the Christian church. 

In October, 1889, he married Alice Mary Hall, daugh- 
ter of George and Mary (Baldwin) Hall. Mr. and Mrs. 
Dixon have two children: George Hall, who was born 
July 21, 1900, and who held the position of assistant 
editor of the "World," a Toronto newspaper, until 
the time of its failure, and now is telegraph editor of the 
Moose Jaw "Evening Times." and Mary Morton Dixon, 
who was born May 26, 1904. 



BROOK SYKES— When Mr. Sykes came to Canada 
in 1904 it was as a youth of twenty years, equipped with 
a trade learned in his native England. Three years later 
he embarked in an independent building venture; is 
now (1923) head of an important contracting and build- 
ing business, a large landowner, and has served five 
years upon the Board of Aldermen. 

Mr. Sykes is a son of Willie and Annie (Brook) 
Sykes, of Yorkshire, England, and was there born Oc^ 
tober 19, 1884. His education was obtained in English 
schools and his experience was in building lines, which he 
followed until coming to Canada in May, 1904. He 
located in Toronto, was employed at building operations, 
and as a young man of twenty-three years entered the 
contracting field. Since that time he has erected many 
buildings in the Toronto district, has gained high 
standing in his special field, and, adding real estate to 
his interests in 1913, now holds title to considerable 
property. Much Toronto real estate has passed through 
his hands, and this department of his business has 
assumed generous proportions. In addition to the 
above Mr. Sykes is director, secretary and treasurer of 
the Toronto Finance Corporation, Limited. 

In January, 1918, Mr. Sykes was elected to represent 
the Sixth Ward upon the Board of Aldermen, and filled 
a seat in this body in 1918-19-20-21-22. He has been a 
staunch believer in public ownership of all public utilities, 
and has strongly advocated the eight hour day in all 
trades and industries. He fraternizes with the Ancient 
Free and Accepted Masons, Royal Arch Masons, 
Loyal Orange Order, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
and Sons of England; and is a member of the Kiwanis 
Club, British Imperial Association, and the Navy League 
of Canada. In 1920 and 1921 Mr. Sykes was a director 
of the Canadian National Exhibition, representing the 
City Council on that board, and represents the City 
Council (1922) as a director of the Toronto Housing 
Company, and as a governor of the Western Hospital. 
In political belief he is a Conservative, and is a member 
of the Liberal-Conservative Business Men's Club. He 
has a wide acquaintance and following in the city, and 
has made contributions of merit to its welfare. 

Mr. Sykes married, in August, 1907, Lillie Taylor, of 
Yorkshire, England, and they are the parents of one 



198 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



child, Phyllis. The family home is at No. 1784 Duflferin 
street. 

JOSEPH EARLBY BELFRY— Mr. Belfry, who has 
made an auspicious beginning in the general practice 
of law, comes of a family of Canadian pioneers, about 
five generations of the Belfry family having lived in the 
Dominion, and having been identified with the early 
periods of its history. Jacob P. Belfry, Mr. Belfry's 
father, has long been a resident of Newmarket, Ontario, 
and is by profession a public accountant. He married 
Angeline Gartley, whose parents came from Ireland about 
1830. 

Joseph Earlby Belfry was born in Newmarket, On- 
tario, December 20, 1887, and received his early educa- 
tion in the public schools of Orillia, Ontario, where 
his parents resided for a number of years, covering the 
high school course there also, and being graduated in the 
class of 1905. He then attended the London Normal 
School, at London, Ontario, after which he taught 
school in this Province, for about two years, then in 1909, 
went to Saskatchewan, to teach, remaining there for 
two years. Meanwhile he cherished a determination 
to enter upon a professional career, and as soon as his 
circumstances would warrant, he entered the University 
of Toronto, from which he was graduated in 1915, with 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts. After entering Osgoode 
Hall Law School the World War began, and he enlisted 
in the army on October 1, 1917. Starting with the 
University of Toronto Officers' Training Corps, he was 
sent to England, arriving on June 29, 1918, and there 
received his commission as second lieutenant of the 
Imperial army. Upon his return to Canada Mr. Belfry 
completed his law course, and was called to the bar on 
June 19, 1919, and has since built up a promising prac- 
tice. 

As a member of the Ontario Bar Association and also 
of the Dominion Bar Association, Mr. Belfry keeps 
in touch with the general advance along professional 
lines, and socially he holds membership in the Aura 
Lee Club. He is single and resides at No. 445 Broadview 



AMBROSE JOHN DENNE was born at Doncaster, 
in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England, December 
1, 1884, son of Ambrose John Denne, of Deal, Kent, and 
Mary Ann (Judd) Denne, of Barton-on-Humber, 
England. 

Mr. Denne was educated at St. Cuthbert's College, 
Worksop, Nottinghamshire, England. After leaving 
college, he decided to seek some sort of congenial and 
profitable employment before committing himself 
definitely to any particular profession or field of busi- 
ness. He had no difficulty in obtaining a position with 
the Ocean Accident Insurance Company and forthwith 
entered upon the duties of assistant claims inspector 
at the company's office in Manchester, England. Al- 
though the position was agreeable enough, Mr. Denne 
decided that the insurance business was not an ideal 
occupation for him and presently severed his connec- 
tion with the company in order to become an instructor 
in a private school for boys at Bowden, Cheshire. 
After one year of teaching he resigned and entered the 
cost department of British Westinghouse. In 1906, at 
the age of twenty-two, he came to Canada, still seeking 
for an occupation that would command his interest and 
at the same time call forth all of his ability. In this 
frame of mind he proceeded to Hamilton, Ontario, where 
he was offered a job as a laborer in connection with the 
work of digging a ditch on Hamilton Mountain. This 
position he immediately accepted and he has never had 
any reason to regret the readiness with which he met 



the challenge of the new country. When this interlu 
came to an end, Mr. Denne made himself known to t 
Canadian officials of British Westinghouse and v 
placed in charge of the factory store house. This pc 
tion, while agreeable enough as temporary employme 
tailed to satisfy its young incumbent, so Mr. Der 
parted company with British Westinghouse and, 
January, 1907, came to Toronto, the city which held t 
answer to all his questionings and which was destir 
to provide him with a career of great interest and u 
fulness. At Toronto, he first essayed the real est: 
business, but his connection with this field of endeai 
was so brief as hardly to deserve mention. His seeo 
venture took him into Burton, Spence & Compai 
wholesale dealers in dry goods. Here Mr. Denne worli 
on the floor, meeting intending customers and maki 
sales, which as time went on increased in volume a 
caused him to be promoted to the position of manai 
of the dress goods department. While in this positii 
Mr. Denne took up the study of advertising. By cli 
study and calculation, he was enabled to formulate 
series of advertising plans for Burton, Spence & Co 
pany. These plans were not accepted, the house bei 
involved in financial difficulties which preclud 
increased expenditure for advertising. Shortly aft 
wards, the business was liquidated and Mr. Denne fou 
himself without employment. By this time, however, 
had come to know the direction in which his tale- 
could be turned to the best account and he lost no ti; 
in joining the staff of A. McKim, Limited, a firm of adv 
tising agents. He began work as a solicitor in Janua 
1909. Three years later, in July, 1912, he was engaged 
the J. Walter Thompson Company, the well kno 
advertising agents of New York City, for their Toroi 
office. In 1913 he was promoted to the position 
manager of the office. Upon the retirement of f 
Thompson as president of the J. Walter Thompi 
Company in 1916, Mr. Denne joined Frank G. Sm 
and Harold A. Moore and formed the company of Smi 
Denne & Moore, Limited, advertising agents, Mr. Dei 
becoming vice-president of same. This company has 
head office in the Lumsden building, Toronto, < 
branches are maintained at Montreal, New York, ; 
London, England. In December, 1921, Mr. Denne s 
out his interest in Smith, Denne & Moore, Ltd., ; 
founded A. J. Denne & Company, Ltd., of which h 
president. Mr. Denne is a member of the Toronto Ba 
of Trade. 

Mr. Denne is a member of the Anglican church. 
is well known in Masonic circles, and belongs to 
Beaches Lodge, St. Aidan's Lodge, and Beaches Chaj 
of the Masonic order. He also holds membership 
the Old Colony Club; the Scarboro Golf and Coim 
Club; the Balmy Beach Bowling Club; and the I 
George Society. 1 

Mr. Denne married, in 1910, Grace Brown, of HeJ 
Moor, England, Mr. and Mrs. Denne have two chiWl 
living; Kathleen, aged eight, and Jack, aged six. T ' 
also had one child, who died in 1914. 

JOSEPH BURR TYRRELL— In the governn t 
service and in private professional practice Mr. Ty ' 
has performed engineering and geological work of ■ 
ceptional value, scientifically and economically, 
record thereof that follows outlines the endeavor 
accomplishment of four decades of sustained acti^,'- 

Mr. Tyrrell is a descendant of an old Irish fan', 
originating in Kildare and Queen's counties. His gi 
grandfather, Thomas Tyrrell, of Kilreany, Kii 
county, was born in 1750, and was one of the i 
prominent Loyalists of his time, taking a very ai 
part in subduing the Irish Rebellion of 1798, in whtc 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



199 



•ed as lieutenant of the Kildare Yeomanry He 
led the title of the "Fighting Quaker" among his 
temporaries, and history records in much detail 
story of his daring achievements, 
•escent is through Adam Tyrrell, a resident of Grange 
tie Kildare county, three times high sheriff of Kil- 
;. Adam Tyrrell's son, William Tyrrell, came to 
ada from Ireland in 1836, a young man of twenty 
rs, and became prominent as a builder and contractor 
'ork county, where he was a leader in civic affairs and 
nber of the Council. He married, on August 7, 1845, 
iVoodbridge, Ontario, Elizabeth Burr, daughter of 
viand Burr. She was born in Richmond Hill, On- 

0, February 11, 1825, and died in Benton Harbor, 
higan, August 10, 1906. Elizabeth (Burr) Tyrrell 
le of distinguished families, her paternal grandfather, 
ben Burr, having been a United Empire Loyalist, 
1 Pennsylvania. 

)seph Burr Tyrrell was born in Weston, Ontario, 
ada, November 1, 1858. After elementary work in the, 
lie schools, he attended the Weston High School, 
1 the Upper Canada College, at Toronto, then entered 
University of Toronto, whence he was graduated in 

1, with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. Later, in 
I, he was granted the degree of Master of Arts, and 
ihe same year Victoria University conferred upon 
I the degree of Bachelor of Science. The year foUow- 
ibis graduation from the University of Toronto Mr. 
(•ell spent in the study of law, but, ill health compel- 
jhim to turn his attention to out-door activities, he 

pted an appointment as geologist and explorer on the 
: ogical Survey of Canada, which position he held for 
\nteen years. The records of the work accomplished 
jiat time have been given to the world in the form 
j ports and articles published in scientific periodicals, 
Jin the more permanent form of bound volumes. 
Bi'as with Dr. G. M. Dawson, in 1883, in the Rocky 
^ntains, and the following year began the exploration 
je country north of Calgary, between the Bow and 
isatchewan rivers. Three years were required for this 
)i, and the report with three maps, submitted to the 
Sigical Survey, were published in 1888. Following 
f explorations, Mr. Tyrrell worked for two years as a 
cgist and surveyor in Northwest Manitoba, and then 
r^years in the Lake Winnipeg region. Southeast of 
il Athabaska there was an extensive unexplored 
a! of country, and in it he spent the year 1892. Look- 
Biorward into the possibilities for the future in re- 
seemingly impossible of access, he began the 
nrkable tour which, beginning in 1893, led across 
« Barren Grounds, northeast from Lake Athabaska 
' e northwest shores of Hudson Bay, at Chesterfield 
il( thence down the west shore of Hudson Bay, to 
»f Churchill, at the mouth of the Churchill river, in 
e-itin. Of this trip, which covered 3,200 miles, 1,650 
»Q)een theretofore unexplored, or if any part had 
Sflexplored, no record or report had been made in any 
'OJ From Churchill to the northern end of Lake 
'Uipeg, a distance of 600 miles, the party walked on 
lojihoes, completing the whole trip in about eight 
jOihs. Again crossing the Barren Lands in 1894, 
[rFyrrell took a route embracing the country be- 
"« the north end of Reindeer Lake and the west 
m of Hudson Bay, this time reaching Hudson Bay 
w 200 miles southwest of Chesterfield Inlet, but as 
«<li, making Churchill their objective point. Travel- 
""rpfland in the beginning of winter, he touched Split 
'1 Norway House, thence continuing southwest 
ie east shore of Lake Winnipeg, to Selkirk, near 
hernmost extremity. This expedition occupied 
■iths and twenty-two days, covered a distance of 
liftmiles, of which 1,750 were covered in canoes, and 



750 on foot, with snowshoes. Like the previous one, it 
was almost entirely through previously unexplored 
territory. In 1895 Mr. Tyrrell began an extended ex- 
ploration of the country northeast of Lake Winnipeg, of 
which little was then known. The official reports of the 
Canadian Geological Survey contain full reports of all 
these expeditions and the work accomplished. Papers 
from his hand have also been published in the "American 
Journal of Science," in the "American Geologist," 
the "Bulletin of the American Geological Society," 
the "Canadian Record of Science," the "Geographical 
Journal," the "Geological Magazine," "Science Pro- 
ceedings of the Royal Society of Canada," the "Engin- 
eering and Mining Journal," the "Transactions of the 
Canadian Institute," etc. Aside from his contributions 
to the above journals, he edited "A Journey from Prince 
of Wales's Fort in Hudson Bay to the Northern Ocean, 
in the years 1769, 1770, 1771 and 1772," by Samuel 
Hearne, in 1911; and he is also the author and editor of 
"Thompson's Narrative of his Explorations in Western 
America, 1782 to 1812," a volume of 680 pages, pub- 
lished in Toronto in 1916. 

Leaving the service of the government in 1898, Mr. 
Tyrrell went to Dawson, Yukon Territory, and for 
several years was actively engaged both as a miner in 
his own properties, and as a consulting mining engineer 
for others. In 1906 he returned to Toronto, where for a 
time he was engaged as mining engineer with Mackenzie, 
Mann & Company. He has since successfully carried on 
an extensive practice as mining and consulting engineer, 
and is now consulting engineer for the Anglo-French 
Exploration Company and the National Mining Corpor- 
ation, both of London, England. He also has a consider- 
able private clientele as consulting and valuing mining 
engineer, and he is a director of the Lake Shore Mine, 
at Kirkland Lake, Ontario. 

Mr. Tyrrell has received many honors in recognition 
of his contributions to geographical, geological and 
mining science. He has been a fellow of the Geological 
Society since 1882, is a fellow of the Royal Society of 
Canada, was awarded the Back award by the Royal 
Geographical Society in 1896, and received the Mur- 
chison Medal from the Geological Society of London 
in 1918. Elected president of the Canadian Institute 
n 1910, he was re-elected the two succeeding years. In 
1921 he was one of the vice-presidents of the American 
Association for the Advancement of Science. He is also 
a member of the General Committee of the Imperial 
Mineral Resources Bureau with headquarters in London, 
England. 

Gazetted lieutenant of the Governor-General's Foot 
Guards in 1892, he was promoted to captain in' 1895, 
and retired, retaining rank, in 1898. Fraternally, Mr. 
Tyrrell is a member of the Free and Accepted Masons, 
but has always declined office in this order on account 
of the exacting nature of his private work. He is a 
member of the National Club of Toronto, the University 
Club of Montreal, the Royal Societies and the Junior 
Constitutional clubs, of London, England, the Ex- 
plorers' Club of New York City, the Rideau Club of 
Ottawa, and the Rosedale Golf Club, of Toronto. He 
is a member of the Anglican church, and resides at No. 
14 Walmer road. 

Mr. Tyrrell married, in Ottawa, February 14, 1894, 
Mary Edith Carey, who was born at St. John, New 
Brunswick, September 11, 1870. Mrs. Tyrrell is a 
daughter of the late Rev. George M. W. Carey, one of 
the ablest preachers in Canada. Mr. and Mrs. Tyrrell 
are the parents of three children: Mary Elizabeth 
Carey, born January 29, 1896, whose education has 
included courses at Branksome Hall, Toronto, High- 
field, Hendon, England, the Agricultural College, at 



200 



THE MUNICIPALITY OF TORONTO 



Guelph, Ontario, the Domestic Science Department of 
the University of Toronto; George Carey, born July 
30, 1900, educated in Upper Canada College, the Royal 
Military College, and who is now engaged in mining 
in Northern Ontario; and Thomas Andrew, born De- 
cember 8, 1906, and educated in Upper Canada College. 



ber of the Free and Accepted Masons. His college 
ternity is the Phi Delta Phi. 

In 1920 Mr. Burden married, in Toronto, Hai 
Crocker, of Toronto. They reside at No. 55 Appl( 
avenue, and are members of the Church of England. 



HUGH DUNFIELD— One of Toronto's leading 
merchants, Mr. Dunfield was born in County Lanark, 
Ontario, son of John and Eliza Dunfield. He was 
educated in the public schools and, at the age of seven- 
teen, became a clerk in a general store at Almont, On- 
tario. After spending some time in this position, Mr. 
Dunfield moved to Ottawa and for five years occupied 
a position as clerk in a dry goods store. A keen student 
of merchandise and merchandizing methods, he availed 
himself of the splendid opportunity afforded him by this 
position to become an expert judge of values and to 
formulate a policy of successful salesmanship. He gave 
up his connection with the firm at Ottawa in order to 
test his ability to sell under adverse as well as under 
favorable conditions, and spent a number of years on 
the road as a traveling salesman. Mr. Dunfield then 
decided to enter the field of business on his own account 
and established a men's furnishing store at Toronto. 
Into this venture he put all of his capital and the dearly 
■won experience of many years of painstaking work. He 
made his store unique, and stamped its methods with his 
own individuality. "The stock in trade was personally 
selected by him, and as a result of his good taste and 
wide knowledge of sartorial matters, it pleased fastidious 
buyers no less than the usual customers, who have little 
time to consider what is correct and prefer to rely upon 
the store that supplies their needs. Such an establish- 
ment, operated by a merchant of real ability, one with 
enthusiasm for his work, was bound to succeed wherever 
it was placed, and Toronto quickly signified its approval 
of Mr. Dunfield's place. "The business has been and 
continues to be extremely prosperous. A few years ago 
a clothing department was added to the main store and 
many new hands were given work. The firm is incor- 
porated and is known as Hugh Dunfield & Company, 
Ltd., Mr. Dunfield being president of the company, 
G. B. Dunfield, vice-president, and R. A. Dunfield, 
secretary-treasurer. Mr. Dunfield is a member of the 
Methodist church. He belongs to the Canadian Order 
of Foresters, and to the Lake Shore Country Club. 

Mr. Dunfield married Miss Bradshaw, daughter of 
John and Catherine Bradshaw, and they have three 
children: Gertrude C, Gordon B., and Radford A. 
Dunfield. 



JOHN M. BURDEN— One of the younger barristers 
of Toronto, John M. Burden has established his office 
in this city since his return from service overseas with 
the Imperial army, and is meeting with gratifying suc- 
cess. 

Mr. Burden was born in Salvage, Newfoundland, 
December 7, 1890, and attended the public schools of 
his native place, then the Bishop Field College, at St. 
John's, Newfoundland. In 1912 he came to the city of 
Toronto, and here entered Osgoode Hall Law School, 
where he prepared for his profession. Enlisting for 
service overseas in 1916, Mr. Burden served with the 
Canadian Forces as lieutenant in the C. A. S. C, then 
was transferred to the Imperial Forces, in the Royal 
Garrison Artillery, and was discharged in June, 1919. 
Thereafter, returning home he was called to the bar in 
1920, and has since become established in the general 
practice of law, and is going forward in the profession. 

Mr. Burden is a member of the Ontario Bar Associa- 
tion, of the Toronto Board of Trade, and is also a mem- 



JOHN T. HODGSON— A sound and conserva 
man of business, Mr. Hodgson was born at Orange\ 
Ontario, February 12, 1883, son of Robert and Let 
(Scott) Hodgson. When he was about ten years 
his parents became residents of Toronto. They estab: 
ed the family home in Ward Six and have lived t 
continuously for the past twenty-nine years. 

Mr. Hodgson received his education in the Tor( 
public schools. When his education was compk 
he entered his father's business. The elder Mr. Hod| 
was at that time engaged in the manufacture of carria 
The work in the carriage factory did not prove enti 
suitable for Mr. Hodgson, however, and at the ag 
twenty he gave it up and entered the service of 
Aikenhead Hardware Company, Ltd. He held an in( 
position with this firm for three years, and then 
came a salesman for the house in Toronto and 
surrounding district. As a selling representative of 
firm, he held this territory for seven years, and < 
year proved more profitable than the one before, 
might have continued as a salesman but his goal 
always been an independent business, and in 191! 
decided to capitalize his training and experience wit! 
further delay. His first venture was in the hard\ 
field. He opened a retail store in West Toronto and 
two years conducted it with success, but the la 
opportunity that presented itself in the real estate 
contracting business caused him to sell out and e 
a new field. He established himself as an indepem 
contractor and dealer in real estate, and within a 
months found himself on the road to success, 
business grew rapidly and he is now paying ratei 
extensive holdings in Wards Six and Seven of the 
proper, and is also heavily interested in outside pre 
ties. Mr. Hodgson owes very little to luck, but e\ 
thing to perseverance and industry. He believe 
substantiality in business affairs as opposed to sf 
lation, and has great faith in the future of Toronto. 

A lover of out-door life, he finds recreation in sj 
of all kinds, and is usually on hand when sporting ev 
in either the amateur or professional field take I 
at Toronto. Mr. Hodgson belongs to the Orange o 
In religious faith, he is a Methodist. 

On October 11, 1909, he married Mary Ellen Pea i 
daughter of William and Mary Ellen (Dodd) Pea i 
Mr. and Mrs. Hodgson have three children: I" 
Ellen, who was born February 21, 1911, John Theo i 
who was born April 9, 1915, and Evelyn Pearl t 
who was born in 1919. 



RUPERT GOFF BRUCE— At the head of 
Canadian interests of an important American firm 
Bruce is finding success in the electro-chemical 
He is a son of Stewart and Isabella (Morrow) B 
long residents of Port Perry, Ontario. The father, 
was engaged in farming in Port Perry throughou 
active lifetime, was born near Cartwright, On 
about 1842, and died in 1912. The mother died in 

Rupert Goff Bruce was born at Port Perry, Or. 
May 27, 1881, and received his early education i 
public and high schools of his native town, 
pleting his preparation for his career with a 
at Upper Canada College, he entered the coii-t: 
department of the Canadian Pacific railway i 
remaining for two years. In 1903 he became as.^ ■ 
with the Toronto Niagara Power Company, ii 



I 




Bng by S G 







was a p 

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i«son, FraiiK 



i.ireaents his wsr<t 




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BIOGRAPHICAL 



201 



pacity of accountant, and was with this concern for 
period of three years. He then entered business for 
mself under the name of the R. G. Bruce Company, 
td., acting as manufacturers' agent, and handling 
aetro-chemicals. Continuing thus until 1911, the R. 
. Bruce Company, Ltd., was then amalgamated with 
e Hanson & Van Winkle Company, of Newark, New 
Tsey, under the name of the Canadian Hanson & 
in Winkle Company, Ltd. This concern manufactures 
;ctro-plating machinery and supplies, including brush- 
, buffs, compositions, anodes and heavy chemicals for 
;ctro plating and polishing. The business reaches 
roughout the Dominion, and is entirely under the 
pervision of Mr. Bruce. Started in a small way, 
is business has grown to large proportions, and now 
iploys one hundred skilled men. It is the only business 
this nature in Canada. As the head of this important 
terest, Mr. Bruce is a member of the Canadian Manu- 
rturer